CN205055726U - Wet flue gas desulfurization in -process PM2. 5 desorption device - Google Patents

Wet flue gas desulfurization in -process PM2. 5 desorption device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205055726U
CN205055726U CN201520600652.9U CN201520600652U CN205055726U CN 205055726 U CN205055726 U CN 205055726U CN 201520600652 U CN201520600652 U CN 201520600652U CN 205055726 U CN205055726 U CN 205055726U
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China
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flocculant
doctor solution
flue gas
absorption tower
layer
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CN201520600652.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨艳
李文刚
张军营
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中国五环工程有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a wet flue gas desulfurization in -process PM2.5 desorption device has solved current wet flue gas desulfurization in -process PM2.5 desorption difficulty, the complicated scheduling problem of technology, and original flue gas imports technical scheme, the desulfurization absorption tower of clean exhanst gas outlet including being equipped with, the middle section on desulfurization absorption tower is equipped with the doctor solution and sprays the layer, the top that the doctor solution sprayed the layer is equipped with flocculating agent atomizing and sprays the layer, the upper segment on absorption tower is equipped with at least one deck defroster, the hypomere liquid level on desulfurization absorption tower is in order to have flocculation thing filter screen. The utility model discloses the system is simple, PM2.5 removal effects good, energy saving and consumption reduction, manufacturing cost and equipment investment cost are low.

Description

In process of wet desulphurization, PM2.5 removes device

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the control technology field of fine particle in flue gas, particularly PM in a kind of process of wet desulphurization 2.5remove device.

Background technology

At present, what China's environmental aspect was overall deteriorating become, and backward gesture is contained not yet at all, and environment contradiction highlights day by day, and environmental protection pressure continues to strengthen.Subregion and urban atmosphere haze phenomenon are given prominence to.The research data display of 2005, the PM that coal-burning power plant directly discharges 2.5account for national PM 2.5about 10% of discharge capacity, the secondary aerosol species in addition produced by fire coal, coal-burning power plant's discharge PM 2.5account for national PM 2.5ratio also can be higher.

In conventional wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) process, on the one hand, can particle in cooperation-removal flue gas by the cleaning function of desulfurization slurry; Meanwhile, owing to existing, desulfurization slurry atomization is carried secretly, desulfurization product crystallization, and the SO in desulfurizing agent/fine particle and flue gas 2deng the complicated heterogeneous reaction process between gaseous component, itself may form again the PM that diameter is less than or equal to 2.5 microns 2.5fine particle.Therefore, to PM in the working through wet method that current coal-burning power plant is common 2.5treatment effect often not good.

Flue gas PM is controlled at present in sweetening process 2.5the approach of discharge capacity mainly contains two kinds: 1. utilize steam phase transforming subparticle condensation growth, as " in a kind of wet process of FGD the removal methods of fine particle and device ", consume certain steam, steam phase transforming district and impact zone add flue resistance simultaneously, improve the power consumption of air-introduced machine of knowing clearly; 2. reduce ammonium sulfate thing growing amount by reducing entrance flue gas temperature, as " in a kind of effectively reduction ammonia process of desulfurization, ammonium sulfate thing generates ", the method has certain promotion to reduction ammonium sulfate thing growing amount, but removing without positive effect coal-fired superfine particulate matters.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to solve the problems of the technologies described above, and provides that a kind of technique is simple, PM 2.5removal effect is good, energy-saving and cost-reducing, PM in production cost and the low process of wet desulphurization of equipment investment cost 2.5remove device.

The utility model device comprises the desulfuration absorbing tower being provided with former gas approach, neat stress outlet, and the stage casing of described desulfuration absorbing tower is provided with doctor solution spraying layer, and the top of described doctor solution spraying layer is provided with flocculant atomizing spray layer; The epimere of described desulfuration absorbing tower is provided with at least one deck demister, and the hypomere liquid level on described absorption tower is to have flocculate screen pack.

The flocculant import of described flocculant atomizing spray layer is connected with the outlet of flocculant delivery pump with flocculant liquid reserve tank through flow control valve.

The doctor solution import of described doctor solution spraying layer is connected with the doctor solution loop exit of absorption tower hypomere through slurry circulating pump.

The method of said apparatus is used to comprise the steps:

(1) boiler smoke after cleaner dedusting enters desulfuration absorbing tower, enter after in tower up through former smoke inlet, the flocculant liquid that the doctor solution sprayed with the doctor solution spraying layer in the stage casing of desulfuration absorbing tower and flocculant atomizing spray layer spray is reverse to be contacted, and doctor solution removes SO in boiler smoke 2, PM in boiler smoke 2.5reunite under flocculant flocculation and grow up, wherein part forms floccule;

(2) the described floccule in boiler smoke enters in doctor solution with the hypomere being advanced into desulfuration absorbing tower under doctor solution, other particle not forming floccule rises with the boiler smoke after desulfurization, removed by demister when the demister through desulfuration absorbing tower epimere, the boiler smoke after purification is discharged from the neat stress outlet at desulfurizing tower top.

(3) doctor solution containing floccule goes out floccule through the flocculate filter screen filtration of desulfuration absorbing tower hypomere.

Described boiler smoke first and the doctor solution that sprays of doctor solution spraying layer is reverse contact after rise, then the flocculant liquid sprayed with flocculant atomizing spray layer is reverse contacts.

Flocculant in flocculant liquid reserve tank is connected with the flocculant import of described flocculant atomizing spray layer through flocculant liquid reserve tank, flow control valve.

The doctor solution loop exit of described absorption tower hypomere is connected with doctor solution import through slurry circulating pump.

Described flocculant is mixed than 1:1 with mixing quality by the chitosan solution of 0.2% ~ 3% and many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 solution of 0.1% ~ 0.8%.

Being atomized by flocculant atomizing spray layer the flocculant quality sprayed in described absorption tower is 3.5% ~ 6% of flue gas mass, the volume flow after flocculant atomization is the 5-9 ‰ of flue gas volume flow.

For Problems existing in background technology, inventor inhales tower to existing desulfurization and improves, and utilizes flocculant to the PM in boiler smoke 2.5reunite, promote the particle even floccule that its formation of growing up of row is larger, to be conducive to follow-up removing.Further, in order to improve removal effect, flocculant atomizing spray layer should be positioned at above doctor solution spraying layer, because the ammonium sulfate thing produced when desulfurization also has part can enter in boiler smoke, now to continue in boiler smoke atomization to spray into flocculant and all can have flocculation to all small particles comprising ammonium sulfate thing, improve removal effect.

In the application; described flocculant can adopt existing conventional flocculant; as the TritonX100+ xanthans, neopelex+non-ionic polyacrylamide etc. that relate in patent " a kind of coal-fired ultrafine grain chemical agglomeration promotor (200910060778) "; in order to improve flocculating effect, the utility model is for PM in boiler smoke 2.5feature, the flocculant of preferred employing especial manufacture, described flocculant is mixed with mass ratio 1:1 by the chitosan solution of 0.2% ~ 3% and many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 solution of 0.1% ~ 0.8%, wherein, chitosan solution has left and right of building bridge, and is reunited together by particle in flue gas, increase particle diameter, compared with TritonX100, it is good that shitosan has dissolubility, the feature that agglomerating force is outstanding; Many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 solution has to be increased particle and soaks, and makes particle accelerate the effect of reuniting, and both are with 1:1 mixing thus reach that particle soaks, the effect finally removed of reuniting.Many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 is as a kind of novel wetting agent, and its wettability is more excellent.

Being atomized by flocculant atomizing spray layer the flocculant quality sprayed in described absorption tower is 3.5% ~ 6% of flue gas mass, too much meeting shadow reduces plant running economy, cross major general's agglomerated effect to reduce, volume flow after described flocculant atomization is 5 ~ 9 ‰ of flue gas volume flow, too much meeting shadow reduces plant running economy, crosses major general's agglomerated effect and reduces.

Beneficial effect:

By improving desulfuration absorbing tower, or also can be used as PM2.5 absorption tower to build separately, by increasing flocculant spraying layer above doctor solution spraying layer, utilize the agglomeration of flocculant, produce ammonium sulfate thing in the coal-fired ultrafine grain do not removed by cleaner and sweetening process to reunite and grow up, finally removed by the demister being arranged at desulfuration absorbing tower top.The utility model technique simply, does not change existing technological process, control simple, to remove subparticle effective, in the flue gas after the utility model PROCESS FOR TREATMENT, the content of PM2.5 can drop to 5mg/Nm 3below, the efficiency of dust collection of PM2.5 is more than 60%, does not increase flue length and resistance, and equipment investment and expenditure of construction are economized, energy-efficient, environmental friendliness.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the utility model flow chart and apparatus structure schematic diagram.

In figure, 1-desulfuration absorbing tower; 11-neat stress exports; The former smoke inlet of 12-; 13-factory air entrance, 14-doctor solution loop exit; 15-doctor solution supplements mouth; 112-demister; 113-defroster cleaning apparatus; 114-flocculant atomizing spray layer; 115-doctor solution spraying layer; 116-flocculate screen pack; 2-flocculant liquid reserve tank; 211-electric mixer; 3-flow control valve; 4-flocculation liquid delivery pump; 5-slurry circulating pump.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, explanation is further explained to the utility model device:

PM in process of wet desulphurization 2.5remove device, comprise desulfuration absorbing tower 7, the top of described desulfuration absorbing tower is provided with neat stress outlet 11, and epimere is provided with at least one deck demister 112, and every layer of demister 112 is all furnished with defroster cleaning apparatus 113; Former gas approach 12 is established in the stage casing of desulfuration absorbing tower, doctor solution spraying layer 115 is established in the top of former gas approach 12, the top of described doctor solution spraying layer 115 is provided with flocculant atomizing spray layer 114, and described flocculant atomizing spray layer 114 has flocculant import and plant air inlet 13; The hypomere liquid level of described desulfuration absorbing tower is to have flocculate screen pack 116, and bottom is provided with doctor solution and supplements mouth 15.The flocculant import of described flocculant atomizing spray layer 114 is connected with the outlet of flocculant delivery pump 4 with the flocculant liquid reserve tank 5 that electric mixer 211 is housed through flow control valve 3.The doctor solution import of described doctor solution spraying layer 115 is connected with the doctor solution loop exit 14 of absorption tower hypomere through slurry circulating pump 5, and doctor solution loop exit 14 is lower than flocculate screen pack 116.

Technical process:

Describe according to PM in the process of wet desulphurization of the utility model embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1 2.5the technical process of the method removed.

Boiler smoke enters after in tower up by the smoke inlet 12 of desulfuration absorbing tower 1, and doctor solution is sprayed by doctor solution spraying layer 115, and driving in the wrong direction for contacting with flue gas mixes, and reaches the object of flue gas desulfurization.

The ammonium sulfate thing that boiler smoke after desulfurization carries coal-fired superfine particulate matters (PM2.5) and the desulfurization generation do not removed continues to rise, after being atomized with flocculant atomizing spray layer 114 atomization sprayed, flocculant drives in the wrong direction for contacting and mixes, flocculant passes through bridge linking effect, coal-fired superfine particulate matters in boiler smoke and ammonium sulfate thing are adsorbed, and make it reunion and grow up and form floccule or bulky grain thing, grow up and be advanced in tower hypomere liquid under the floccule gravitate flocculated, and being filtered by flocculate screen pack 116; The bulky grain thing not forming floccule rises with boiler smoke, removed by demister 112 when two-layer demister 112, boiler smoke after purification is discharged from the neat stress outlet 11 at desulfurizing tower top, and doctor solution forms mixed liquor after sulfur dioxide absorption is stored in bottom desulfuration absorbing tower 1, extracted out through serum recycle 5 by doctor solution loop exit 14 again, carry out circulated sprinkling by doctor solution spraying layer 115, the replenisher of doctor solution supplements mouth 15 by doctor solution and fills into.

Flocculant liquid reserve tank 2 removes PM for system provides 2.5required flocculant, it is equipped with electric mixer 211, keeps the dissolving of flocculant abundant.The rate of discharge of flocculant delivery pump 4 is controlled by flow control valve 3, exports the PM at 11 places according to neat stress 2.5concentration carries out corresponding adjustment.

Below by the reunion efficiency of different ratio flocculant in embodiment, effect of the present utility model is described.

Described flocculant is the mixture of the 1:1 of many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 solution of the chitosan solution and 0.2% (mass percent) of 0.2% (mass percent), described mixture sprays into according to the concentration of 4% (mass ratio) of flue gas mass, and pass into factory air by factory air entrance 13 simultaneously, spray with flocculant mixed aerosol, when flocculant atomization after the volume flow of (admixture of gas namely after flocculant and factory air mixed aerosol) be about 1.5 ‰ of flue gas volume flow time, reunion rate is about 10%; When the volume flow (after atomization) after the flocculant atomization sprayed into accounts for 2.8 ‰ of flue gas volume flow, can about 20% be reached to the reunion efficiency of PM2.5; When the flocculant solution volume flow sprayed into (after atomization) accounts for 4.4 ‰ of flue gas volume flow, the reunion rate of device to PM2.5 can reach about 36%.

After spraying into mass ratio and atomization to different flocculant below, under volumetric concentration, dust removing effects is analyzed, and wherein chitosan solution is called for short shitosan, and many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 is called for short GSK-588, specifically refers to table 1:

Sample 1:0.1% shitosan+0.1%GSK-588 (mass percent)

Sample 2:0.2% shitosan+0.2%GSK-588 (mass percent)

Sample 3:0.8% shitosan+0.4%GSK-588 (mass percent)

Sample 4:2% shitosan+0.6%GSK-588 (mass percent)

Sample 5:2% shitosan+0.8%GSK-588 (mass percent)

Sample 6:3% shitosan+0.8%GSK-588 (mass percent)

According to variable concentrations chitosan solution, many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 solution and the flocculant solution spraying into different flow, acquired agglomerating effect is also different.Use result to show through embodiment, the content that flocculant reunion rate reaches PM2.5 in the flue gas after just meeting the utility model PROCESS FOR TREATMENT completely on 40% drops to 5mg/Nm 3, the efficiency of dust collection of PM2.5 reaches the requirement of more than 60%.And adopting because the concentration of chitosan solution is lower than the scope in the application in the flocculant of sample 1, its reunion rate is only up to 28.9%, and gas cleaning weak effect, can not meet the requirement of the utility model technique.

In the utility model, described many hydrophobic groups organic polymer GSK-588 is wetting dispersing agent, is widely used in printing, the industries such as water treatment; Chemical property is inert matter, does not affect product chemical property.This product by U.S. FDA certification, to people and animal harmless, environmental sound, also can be used for the industry such as medicine, food.Commercially be easy to buy, supplier enters Fine Chemical Co., Ltd etc. just like Dongguan City Gauss.

Claims (3)

1. PM in a process of wet desulphurization 2.5remove device, comprise the desulfuration absorbing tower being provided with former gas approach, neat stress outlet, it is characterized in that, the stage casing of described desulfuration absorbing tower is provided with doctor solution spraying layer, and the top of described doctor solution spraying layer is provided with flocculant atomizing spray layer; The epimere on described absorption tower is provided with at least one deck demister, and the hypomere liquid level of described desulfuration absorbing tower is to have flocculate screen pack.
2. PM in process of wet desulphurization as claimed in claim 1 2.5remove device, it is characterized in that, the flocculant import of described flocculant atomizing spray layer is connected with the outlet of flocculant delivery pump with flocculant liquid reserve tank through flow control valve.
3. PM in process of wet desulphurization as claimed in claim 1 or 2 2.5remove device, it is characterized in that, the doctor solution import of described doctor solution spraying layer is connected with the doctor solution loop exit of absorption tower hypomere through slurry circulating pump.
CN201520600652.9U 2015-08-11 2015-08-11 Wet flue gas desulfurization in -process PM2. 5 desorption device CN205055726U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105056679A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-18 中国五环工程有限公司 Method and device for removing PM2.5 (particulate matter) in WFGD (wet flue gas desulfurization) process
CN105953332A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 李依真 Air purifying device and air purifying method
CN106000061A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 浙江浙能嘉华发电有限公司 Limestone slurry supply device for wet desulphurization
CN107213675A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 陈宗良 A kind of marine alga liquid area synergist flocculation plant

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105056679A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-18 中国五环工程有限公司 Method and device for removing PM2.5 (particulate matter) in WFGD (wet flue gas desulfurization) process
CN105056679B (en) * 2015-08-11 2017-03-01 中国五环工程有限公司 PM in process of wet desulphurization<sub>2.5</sub>Removal methods and its device
CN105953332A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-09-21 李依真 Air purifying device and air purifying method
WO2017193719A1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-11-16 李万 Air purifying apparatus
CN106000061A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 浙江浙能嘉华发电有限公司 Limestone slurry supply device for wet desulphurization
CN107213675A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-29 陈宗良 A kind of marine alga liquid area synergist flocculation plant

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