CN205045967U - Heavy metal device in mud is got rid of and retrieves to double -deck double anode electrochemistry - Google Patents

Heavy metal device in mud is got rid of and retrieves to double -deck double anode electrochemistry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205045967U
CN205045967U CN201520803570.4U CN201520803570U CN205045967U CN 205045967 U CN205045967 U CN 205045967U CN 201520803570 U CN201520803570 U CN 201520803570U CN 205045967 U CN205045967 U CN 205045967U
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China
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cylindrical
double
anode
electrode
cathode
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CN201520803570.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡勤海
裴冬冬
唐剑昭
张旭
徐俊鹏
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heavy metal device in mud is got rid of and retrieves to double -deck double anode electrochemistry. The device includes double anode electrochemical reactor, negative pole electrode, positive pole electrode and amberplex, double anode electrochemical reactor comprises excircle column casing, a well cylinder section of thick bamboo, an interior cylinder section of thick bamboo, circular lower plate, round opening upper plate and support, and an interior cylinder section of thick bamboo encloses regionally and excircle column casing, a well cylinder region that section of thick bamboo encloses constitute two anode chambers respectively, and intercommunication between the anode chamber is gone up a cylinder section of thick bamboo in place, a well cylinder section of thick bamboo and round opening upper plate and is constituted the regional cathode chamber that is. Cloudy anode chamber all be equipped with the electrode, amberplex passes through a cylinder section of thick bamboo and well cylinder section of thick bamboo surface including the sticky subsides of glass. The electrochemical reactor cathode chamber is equipped with resources recovery pipe, the inlet pipe and discharging pipe symmetric position in the excircle column casing outside. The utility model has the advantages of economic nature is good, easy operation, and the treatment effeciency is high, can be with heavy metal and discarded object separation and resource recovery.

Description

Double-deck Binode electro-chemistry is removed and reclaims Heavy Metals in Sludge device
Technical field
The utility model relates to offal treatment and resource technology field, particularly relates to a kind of electrochemistry and removes and reclaim Heavy Metals in Sludge device.
Background technology
The fast development of China's economy and the continuous propelling of urbanization process, add the treatment capacity of municipal wastewater, corresponding sludge yield also increases thereupon.Data according to statistics, the end of the nineties, the sludge yield of UK and USA increased 5%-10% every year on average, and the annual dehydration municipal sludge output of China reaches more than 3,000 ten thousand tons.In the remittance of part trade effluent and municipal effluent, the enrichment of metal ion precipitates, cause in mud containing more heavy metal, mud follow-up disposal and utilize in process and can cause secondary pollution, and from resource recycling angle, the potentiality to be exploited of heavy metals in city sewage sludge can not be ignored.Data shows, in China's municipal sludge, Zn content can reach 783.4-3096.3mg/kg (dry weight), Cu can reach 131.2-394.5mg/kg (dry weight), in addition other heavy metal is also had, as Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb etc., the existence of these heavy metals not only has a strong impact on the Subsequent secure disposal of mud and utilizes, and also result in the significant wastage of these metals resources.The research of therefore removing for heavy metals in city sewage sludge and reclaim has very real meaning.
The heavy metal of Chinese scholars in the reason solid waste of where has done to be studied widely, is summed up and mainly contains the following aspects: 1) carried out the heavy metal in separated sludge by chemical method; 2) microbial method is utilized to adsorb and reduces the content of Heavy Metals in Sludge; 3) heavy metal contained in the repair of plant degraded mud is utilized; 4) heavy metal in electrochemical method removal mud is adopted.Because electrochemical method is simple to operate, stable, be not easy cause the many advantages such as secondary pollution and receive much concern, but traditional apparatus for electrochemical treatment or waste is positioned between negative and positive level, in cathode compartment and anolyte compartment, all add electrolytic solution, cannot current efficiency be made full use of; Waste is positioned over anode, but electrode contacts with mud insufficient, cause electrolytic efficiency low.Therefore improving treatment unit is that electrochemical process is removed and the key of middle heavy metal of recycling the waste.
Summary of the invention
The utility model, for the deficiency of existing treatment unit, proposes a kind of double-deck Binode electro-chemistry and removes and reclaim Heavy Metals in Sludge device.
A kind of double-deck Binode electro-chemistry is removed and reclaims Heavy Metals in Sludge device, comprises power supply, Binode electro-chemistry reactor, cathode electrode, anode electrode and ion-exchange membrane;
Described Binode electro-chemistry reactor monolith is divided two-layer up and down, be made up of cylindrical column casing, middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube, circular lower shoe, circular open upper plate and support, and middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube and circular open upper plate are detachably assembled, wherein the diameter of circular open is identical with the internal diameter of inner cylindrical tube; Inner cylindrical tube, middle cylindrical drum and circular open upper plate are positioned at upper strata, by cylindrical column casing around encirclement, are supported and stand on circular lower shoe, form bilayer structure by support; All openings bottom three cylindrical drum, middle cylindrical drum and inner cylindrical tube are coaxially fixed on circular open upper plate, and cylindrical column casing is coaxially fixed on circular lower shoe; Inner cylindrical tube institute region is an anolyte compartment, cylindrical column casing and region that middle cylindrical drum is formed form another anolyte compartment, intercommunication between Liang Ge anolyte compartment, upper strata inner cylindrical tube, middle cylindrical drum and circular open circular annular region that upper plate is formed are cathode compartment, form double anode one cathode construction; Described the anode chamber and the cathode chamber is provided with annular tubular electrode, annular tubular electrode package draws together two annular tubular anode electrodes and an annular tubular cathode electrode, two annular tubular anode electrodes are connected with power supply with an annular tubular cathode electrode, inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical drum surface have the arc-shaped through-hole of multiple symmetry, and ion-exchange membrane is arranged on inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface; Electrochemical reactor cathode compartment resource reclaim pipe is positioned on circular open upper plate, and feed-pipe and discharge nozzle symmetry are positioned at outside cylindrical column casing, are respectively equipped with valve and are connected with force (forcing) pump, and described resource reclaim pipe is also provided with valve.
Described power supply is constant voltage dc source;
Described annular tubular cathode electrode is stainless steel electrode;
Annular tubular anode electrode is annular iridium tantalum-titanium alloy electrode;
Ion-exchange membrane is directly pasted onto inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface by glass cement.
In device use procedure, ion-exchange membrane directly can be pasted onto inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface by glass cement, and middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube and circular open upper plate can directly disassembly and assembly, and intercommunication between Liang Ge anolyte compartment.Also according to the actual requirements, by the change of electrode position, double anode one electrochemical cathode reactor is become double cathode one anode electrochemical reactor, and electrode material can change according to concrete treated substance.
Beneficial effect: the design of dicyclo cylinder anode adds effective contact area of mud and electrode, the design of double anode room makes whole electrolytic process have two stable additional power sources to provide electric energy all the time, the intercommunication of double anode room ensure that the homogeneity of mud electrolysis in electrolytic process, effectively make use of the effect of anode and cathode electrochemical reaction, add the film exchange area between mud and electrolytic solution, decrease ion migration distance, heavy metal removing rate is high, utilization rate of electrical is high, improve the problem of heavy metal recovery simultaneously, the dual purpose reducing pollution and resource reclaim can be reached, have environmental value and economic benefit concurrently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is device schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is reactor body schematic three dimensional views 1 of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is reactor body schematic three dimensional views 2 of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is reactor body two-dimensional representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of double-deck Binode electro-chemistry is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, comprises electrochemical reactor, constant voltage dc source 1, cathode electrode 12, anode electrode 4 and 14, mechanical stirrer 7 and ion-exchange membrane;
As shown in Figure 2,3, 4, described electrochemical reactor, is made up of cylindrical column casing 3, middle cylinder 2, inner cylindrical tube 13, circular lower shoe 9, circular open upper plate 8 and support 6; Middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube and circular open upper plate are detachably assembled.Wherein inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical drum are positioned at upper strata, by cylindrical column casing around encirclement, are supported and stand on circular lower shoe, form bilayer structure by support.All openings bottom three cylindrical drum, middle cylindrical drum and inner cylindrical tube are coaxially fixed on circular open upper plate, and cylindrical column casing is coaxially fixed on circular lower shoe.Inner cylindrical tube institute's region and cylindrical column casing, region that middle cylindrical drum is formed are respectively Liang Ge anolyte compartment, intercommunication between anolyte compartment, upper strata inner cylindrical tube, middle cylindrical drum and circular open circular annular region that upper plate is formed are cathode compartment, form double anode one cathode construction.Inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical drum surface have the arc-shaped through-hole of multiple symmetry, and ion-exchange membrane is pasted onto inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface by glass cement.Electrochemical reactor cathode compartment resource reclaim pipe is positioned on circular open upper plate, and feed-pipe and discharge nozzle 5 symmetry are positioned at outside cylindrical column casing, are respectively equipped with valve 10 and are connected with force (forcing) pump 11, and described resource reclaim pipe is also provided with valve.
In experimentation, mud is positioned in Liang Ge anolyte compartment, cathode compartment adds electrolytic solution (determining depending on particular case), and cylindrical anode plate and stainless steel cathode plate are positioned over the anode chamber and the cathode chamber on request, and presses connection power supply and other devices shown in Fig. 1.Electrolysis is carried out in energising.

Claims (6)

1. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, comprises power supply, Binode electro-chemistry reactor, cathode electrode, anode electrode and ion-exchange membrane;
It is characterized in that: described Binode electro-chemistry reactor monolith is divided two-layer up and down, be made up of cylindrical column casing, middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube, circular lower shoe, circular open upper plate and support, and middle cylindrical drum, inner cylindrical tube and circular open upper plate are detachably assembled, wherein the diameter of circular open is identical with the internal diameter of inner cylindrical tube; Inner cylindrical tube, middle cylindrical drum and circular open upper plate are positioned at upper strata, by cylindrical column casing around encirclement, are supported and stand on circular lower shoe, form bilayer structure by support; All openings bottom three cylindrical drum, middle cylindrical drum and inner cylindrical tube are coaxially fixed on circular open upper plate, and cylindrical column casing is coaxially fixed on circular lower shoe; Inner cylindrical tube institute region is an anolyte compartment, cylindrical column casing and region that middle cylindrical drum is formed form another anolyte compartment, intercommunication between Liang Ge anolyte compartment, upper strata inner cylindrical tube, middle cylindrical drum and circular open circular annular region that upper plate is formed are cathode compartment, form double anode one cathode construction; Described the anode chamber and the cathode chamber is provided with annular tubular electrode, annular tubular electrode package draws together two annular tubular anode electrodes and an annular tubular cathode electrode, two annular tubular anode electrodes are connected with power supply with an annular tubular cathode electrode, inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical drum surface have the arc-shaped through-hole of multiple symmetry, and ion-exchange membrane is arranged on inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface; Electrochemical reactor cathode compartment resource reclaim pipe is positioned on circular open upper plate, and feed-pipe and discharge nozzle symmetry are positioned at outside cylindrical column casing, are respectively equipped with valve and are connected with force (forcing) pump, and described resource reclaim pipe is also provided with valve.
2. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry according to claim 1 is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, it is characterized in that: described power supply is constant voltage dc source.
3. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry according to claim 1 is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, it is characterized in that: described annular tubular cathode electrode is stainless steel electrode.
4. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry according to claim 1 is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, it is characterized in that: annular tubular anode electrode is annular iridium tantalum-titanium alloy electrode.
5. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry according to claim 1 is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, it is characterized in that: ion-exchange membrane is directly pasted onto inner cylindrical tube and middle cylindrical outer tube surface by glass cement.
6. double-deck Binode electro-chemistry according to claim 1 is removed and is reclaimed Heavy Metals in Sludge device, it is characterized in that: by the change of electrode position, double anode one electrochemical cathode reactor is become double cathode one anode electrochemical reactor.
CN201520803570.4U 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Heavy metal device in mud is got rid of and retrieves to double -deck double anode electrochemistry Withdrawn - After Issue CN205045967U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520803570.4U CN205045967U (en) 2015-10-13 2015-10-13 Heavy metal device in mud is got rid of and retrieves to double -deck double anode electrochemistry

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105174672A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 浙江大学 Device for removing and recovering heavy metal in sludge through double-layer double-anode electrochemical method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105174672A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 浙江大学 Device for removing and recovering heavy metal in sludge through double-layer double-anode electrochemical method

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