CN204895107U - In good time 4 wheel driven hybrid vehicle system of electric formula inserts - Google Patents

In good time 4 wheel driven hybrid vehicle system of electric formula inserts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204895107U
CN204895107U CN201520416479.7U CN201520416479U CN204895107U CN 204895107 U CN204895107 U CN 204895107U CN 201520416479 U CN201520416479 U CN 201520416479U CN 204895107 U CN204895107 U CN 204895107U
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engine
drive
startup
controller
automatic speed
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520416479.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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马超
陈美奇
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

The utility model discloses an in good time 4 wheel driven hybrid vehicle system of electric formula inserts, including around, differential reduction gear device of vehicle control unit, power battery and management system (BMS), engine and controller, start -up / generator and controller, back driving motor and controller, 5 grades of automatic gearbox and 2 grades of automatic gearbox and controller, clutch, dc -to -ac converter. Vehicle control unit control puts in order the coordination work of car driving system, back driving motor connects 2 grades of automatic gearbox drive car rear wheels, the engine passes through the clutch and through 5 grades of automatic gearbox drive car front wheels, has realized that the car electricelectric moves rear wheel drive, pure engine front wheel drive, composite four wheel drive, the composite mode such as rear wheel drive and regenerative brake that charge that drive a vehicle, whole car rear wheel drive system has increased by 2 grades of automatic gearbox, has improved the dynamic property and the operating efficiency of whole car, the use of start -up / generator not only can also can be generated electricity by engine driven by the quick start engine, the utility model discloses the system implementation switching between the multiple mode, not only satisfied performance requirements such as automotive power nature, behaviour's stability, trafficability characteristic, also reduced the oil consumption of whole car, the energy utilization who has promoted back driving motor's efficiency and then improved whole car is rateed.

Description

A kind of plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of system of automobile technical field, particularly a kind of plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system.
Background technology
Along with country's continuing to increase energy-saving and emission-reduction dynamics, especially, after " 13 " planning, new-energy automobile becomes the Important Action of national propulsion energy-saving environmental protection, wherein, chargeable hybrid power vehicle has good effects of energy saving and emission reduction, is the emphasis that country pays close attention to; Meanwhile, four-wheel driven hybrid power automobile receives the favor of customer especially because having the advantages such as good dynamic property, economy, handling stability, crossing ability.In order to ensure the dynamic property of four-wheel driven hybrid power automobile, handling stability and crossing ability, be necessary very much the four-wheel driven hybrid power system configuration that project organization is simple, dependable performance, work efficiency are high; In order to promote the economy of four-wheel driven hybrid power automobile, need, according to different driving cycles, to arrange rational driving model.Consider based on this, the utility model devises a plug-in in good time four-wheel drive car system.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in order to overcome the simple two-wheel drive of present hybrid system structure, or the shortcoming such as under electric-only mode, dynamic property is not enough, electrical efficiency is high not, a kind of plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system is provided, make it under charge-depleting mode, there is more excellent dynamic property and economy; Under electricity maintenance pattern, promote dynamic property, the fuel economy of car load further, make car load have the feature of good dynamic property, fuel economy and anti-emission carburetor.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system, comprises driving engine, startup/electrical generator, power-transfer clutch, 5 gear automatic speed variators, front differential speed reducer, rear drive motor, 2 gear automatic speed variators, rear differential speed reducer, engine controller, startup/engine controller, TCU, rear drive electric machine controller, electrokinetic cell, BMS, full-vehicle control unit, charger, wherein the flywheel end of driving engine is connected with the rotor of startup/electrical generator, the rotor of rear drive motor is connected with the input end of 2 gear automatic speed variators, the mouth of 2 gear automatic speed variators is connected with the input end of rear differential speed reducer, wherein the mouth of driving engine is connected with power-transfer clutch, the mouth of power-transfer clutch is connected with the input end of 5 gear automatic speed variators, the mouth of 5 gear automatic speed variators is connected with the input end of front differential speed reducer, engine controller is connected with driving engine, startup/engine controller is connected with startup/electrical generator, TCU and 5 gear automatic speed variators, 2 gear automatic speed variators are connected, and rear drive electric machine controller is connected with rear drive motor, and BMS is connected with electrokinetic cell, inverter and startup/electrical generator, electrokinetic cell, charger, rear drive motor is connected, and full-vehicle control unit is by bus and startup/engine controller, engine controller, TCU, BMS, drive motor controller is connected.
Working process of the present utility model and principle of work are: the power that each propulsion source sends is delivered to wheel through transmission shaft, automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter, differential speed reducer.Rear drive motor by output shaft through 2 gear automatic speed variators, after differential speed reducer carry out transmission of power to rear drive wheel.Driving engine is by starting/electrical generator startup, and driving engine passes through power-transfer clutch, 5 gear automatic speed variators, front differential speed reducer to front drive wheel and action edge transmission by output shaft.
Rear drive motor is controlled by rear drive electric machine controller, obtain required electric energy by inverter from electrokinetic cell when carrying out driving work, or startups/generator operation at generating state time rear drive motor by inverter from startup/electrical generator acquisition electric energy; When braking, rear drive machine operation is at power generation mode, and mechanical energy is that electric energy carries out electric energy by inverter fed to electrokinetic cell and supplements by rear drive motor.
Driving engine is controlled by engine controller, is started fast and realize idle stop by startup/electrical generator.
Startup/electrical generator by starting/engine controller controls, when working in electronic mode, be used for startup/driving engine fast obtains required electric energy by inverter simultaneously from electrokinetic cell; When working in electrical generator mode, carrying out driving by driving engine and generating electricity and to be charged the battery by inverter or to rear drive feeding electric motors.
Electrokinetic cell carries out condition monitoring by battery management system (BMS) and management controls, simultaneously can when stopping by external plug via charger, inverter to power battery charging.Full-vehicle control unit carries out information exchange by bus and engine controller, startup/engine controller, BMS, TCU, rear drive electric machine controller, and controls each controller.Full-vehicle control unit can control each parts and be under different service conditions; thus realize changing hybrid vehicle carry out work under different mode of operations, comprising: pure powered rear wheels drivings, drivings of pure engine front wheel, hybrid four wheel drive, hybrid generating f-w-d, idle stop/driving engine starts fast, back-wheel drive is charged in hybrid driving, regenerating braking energy recovery, stopping for charging pattern.
In order to avoid height oil consumption when engine idle runs and poor emission behavior, when automobile stops travelling, engine stop work can be made to eliminate idle conditions, if simultaneously the electricity of electrokinetic cell is too low when can not meet traveling demand, power-transfer clutch can be made to be in released state, engine operation, in peak efficiency district, drives startup/electrical power generators to be storage battery electric energy supplement by inverter.
When automobile ground zero, can control clutch is in released state, rear drive motor provides separately vehicle starting to accelerate power, realize pure powered rear wheels and drive.2 gear automatic speed variators are in different gears and realize low gear and high speed gear mode of operation.
In running car driving process, the whole power driving automobile can be provided separately by driving engine, thus realize pure engine front wheel drive pattern, now engine operation is in high efficient area, to reach higher car load fuel economy and lower tail gas noxious emission; Simultaneously also can provide by driving engine the most power driving automobile as main driving, provide partial power wherein by rear drive motor as assistive drive, realize hybrid four wheel drive pattern, now engine operation is in high load capacity, high efficiency state; Also power-transfer clutch can be made to be in released state, power driven running car is provided by rear drive motor, now engine operation drives startup/electrical power generators to provide electric energy by inverter directly to rear drive motor in high efficient area, achieve hybrid back-wheel drive pattern, optimization engine working point makes car load, and in high efficient area, work realizes anti-emission carburetor.
In Motor Vehicle Braking Procedure, driving engine and startup/electrical generator are in stopped status, and simultaneously control clutch is in released state driving engine is counter to be dragged to prevent, and now rear drive machine operation realizes Brake energy recovery in the generator mode.
By above hybrid power system, the utility model has following advantage:
The utility model system adopts in good time four wheel drive form, improve the characteristic of the dynamic property of car load, handling stability, crossing ability, driving ride comfort and traveling comfort, the utility model system achieves the switch operating of multiple drive modes simultaneously, improve workload rate and the work efficiency of driving engine, reduce the discharge of driving engine pollutants and the fuel consumption rate of car load.2 gear automatic speed variators are added in car load rear wheel drive system, car load under electric-only mode is made to be provided with two grades of mode of operations (low gear, high speed gear), improve dynamic property and the operating efficiency of car load, reduce the consumption of energy of electric automobile, further increase the economy of car load, electric-only mode achieves the advantage of car load zero-emission especially simultaneously.Be provided with startup/electrical generator in addition in the utility model system for quick start the engine with carry out driving generating, the pattern achieving engine idle and shut down/start fast, reaches the object of fuel-economizing and reduction tail gas hazardous emission.Therefore, this utility model is all significantly improved in the energy utilization rate of dynamic property, driving ride comfort, traveling comfort and car load.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model system schematic.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system of the utility model, comprise driving engine (1), startup/electrical generator (2), startup/engine controller (3), full-vehicle control unit (4), engine controller (5), power-transfer clutch (6), 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), front differential speed reducer (8), TCU (9), rear drive electric machine controller (10), rear drive motor (11), 2 gear automatic speed variators (12), rear differential speed reducer (13), inverter (14), electrokinetic cell (15), BMS (16), charger (17).
It is characterized in that: the mouth of driving engine (1) is connected with power-transfer clutch (6), the mouth of power-transfer clutch (6) is connected with the input end of 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), the mouth of 5 gear automatic speed variators (7) is connected with the input end of front differential speed reducer (8), engine controller (5) is connected with driving engine (1), startup/engine controller (3) is connected with startup/electrical generator (2), TCU (9) and 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), 2 gear automatic speed variators (12) are connected, rear drive electric machine controller (10) is connected with rear drive motor (11), BMS (16) is connected with electrokinetic cell (15), inverter (14) and startup/electrical generator (2), electrokinetic cell (15), charger (17), rear drive motor (11) is connected, full-vehicle control unit (4) is by bus and startup/engine controller (3), engine controller (5), TCU (9), BMS (16), rear drive electric machine controller (10) is connected.Wherein the flywheel end of driving engine (1) is connected with the rotor of startup/electrical generator (2), the rotor of rear drive motor (11) is connected with the input end of 2 gear automatic speed variators (12), and the mouth of 2 gear automatic speed variators (12) is connected with the input end of rear differential speed reducer (13).Startup/electrical generator (2) drives generating to be powered for driving automobile for electrokinetic cell (15) electric energy supplement or directly to rear drive motor (11) by inverter (14) by driving engine (1) again for quick start the engine (1) simultaneously.
Wherein: described driving engine 1 is as the main device of the Power output of automobile; Described rear drive motor 11 not only can be used as drive motor and be used for driving automobile also can be used as electrical generator when automobile brake for Brake energy recovery; Described power-transfer clutch 6 also carries out the switching of transmission of power connecting and disconnecting for the power transmitting driving engine simultaneously; Described 5 gear automatic speed variators 7 by transmission of power to driving device; The electric energy that described electrokinetic cell 15 provides rear drive motor 11 described in running car to need, described electrokinetic cell manager (BMS) 16 pairs of electrokinetic cells 15 manage; Described inverter 14 is for the conversion of electric energy; Described full-vehicle control unit 4 is for the management of full-vehicle control and each controller of automobile.
Described startup/electrical generator 2 not only may be used for the rapid starting/stopping of driving engine, also generating can be driven to supplement for described electrokinetic cell 15 carries out electric energy by described driving engine 1 when condition meets; Described 2 gear automatic speed variators 12 are placed in low gear and high speed gear different driving pattern under described rear drive motor 11 back-end realization electric-only mode, and the dynamic property of not only very high car load also improves described rear drive motor 11 work efficiency.
The plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system of the above-mentioned one of the utility model, has following several mode of operation when automobile works.
1) idle stop/driving engine fast start modes
When meeting red light or traffic congestion situation and stop in vehicle traveling process, by full-vehicle control unit 4 described in the utility model, driving engine 1 is shut down, this pattern avoids the situation of driving engine now idle fuel economy and exhaust emissions difference.Be used for quick start the engine at startup/electrical generator 2 described in the utility model when automotive engine works, avoid fuel oil consumption and tail gas noxious emission that engine idle start-up course causes, improve car load fuel economy and reduction tail gas noxious emission.
2) pure motor trailing wheel low gear drives and pure motor trailing wheel high speed gear drive pattern
When automobile is in the starting stage or described driving engine 1 is in running on the lower load operation, driving engine 1 heat efficiency is low and exhaust emissions is poor.Therefore driving engine 1 does not work at this moment, whole propulsive efforts that described rear drive motor 11 provides car load to need.For avoiding the situation of towing astern driving engine 1, control clutch 6 is in released state.2 gear automatic speed variators are in different gears and realize low gear and high speed gear mode of operation, and the very high work efficiency of rear drive motor, also improves the dynamic property of car load.
3) pure engine front wheel drives and hybrid generating front wheel drive mode
When propulsive effort needed for automobile is in engine high-efficiency rate operation area, fire an engine 1 enters pure engine front wheel drive pattern.Under described pure engine front wheel drive pattern, idle running shut down by described rear drive motor 11, and described startup/electrical generator 2 quits work after by engine starting idle running.Under described pure engine front wheel drive pattern, if when the power that described driving engine 1 sends is greater than running car required power, it is power battery charging that described startup/electrical generator 2 is operated in generating state.
4) hybrid driving charging back-wheel drive pattern
In vehicle traveling process, can not meet needed for running car if described electrokinetic cell 15 electricity is too low, now provide the propulsive effort required for running car by rear drive motor 11, control described power-transfer clutch 6 and be in released state, described motivity 1 is in high-efficiency operation region and drives described startup/electrical generator 2 to generate electricity by inverter directly for described rear drive motor 11 is for electric drive automobile, and is described electrokinetic cell 15 electric energy supplement by unnecessary power by inverter.
5) hybrid four wheel drive
In vehicle traveling process, when the anxious acceleration of vehicle or climbing etc. need larger vehicle drive force or required vehicle drive force to increase fast, full-vehicle control unit 4 described in the utility model controls, driving engine 1 is as the main drive source driving automobile, rear drive motor provides auxiliary driving force jointly to drive vehicle, and automobile enters hybrid four wheel drive pattern.Steamer drive pattern makes car load obtain the advantage of good dynamic property, handling stability, crossing ability and ride comfort.
6) regenerative braking energy feedback pattern
In automobile brake or Reduced Speed Now process, controlled by full-vehicle control unit 4 described in the utility model, driving engine 1 shut down and described rear drive motor 11 by generator operation, enter regenerative braking energy feedback pattern.Due to the separation of described power-transfer clutch 6, the energy feedback loss in efficiency that the towing astern of driving engine 1 is caused can be avoided.
7) stopping for charging pattern
In parking of automobile state, as described in the electricity of electrokinetic cell 15 too low, can carry out stopping for charging pattern, now automobile each parts except safety control all quit work.After described electrokinetic cell 15 electricity is more than a setting value, stopping for charging pattern terminates.
The utility model adopts startups/electrical generator to achieve rapid starting/stopping and the driving generating of automotive engine, controls driving engine simultaneously and endures in high efficient area work the emission behavior that the rate of load condensate of high-engine reduces driving engine; Increase dynamic property and the rear drive motor operating efficiency that 2 gear automatic speed variators can improve car load in systems in which simultaneously.This utility model is all significantly improved in the energy utilization rate of dynamic property, driving ride comfort, traveling comfort and car load.The fuel economy of automobile and the discharge of car load nuisance have also been obtained obvious improvement.

Claims (4)

1. a plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system, comprises driving engine (1), startup/electrical generator (2), startup/engine controller (3), full-vehicle control unit (4), engine controller (5), power-transfer clutch (6), 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), front differential speed reducer (8), TCU (9), rear drive electric machine controller (10), rear drive motor (11), 2 gear automatic speed variators (12), rear differential speed reducer (13), inverter (14), electrokinetic cell (15), BMS (16), charger (17), it is characterized in that: the mouth of driving engine (1) is connected with power-transfer clutch (6), the mouth of power-transfer clutch (6) is connected with the input end of 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), the mouth of 5 gear automatic speed variators (7) is connected with the input end of front differential speed reducer (8), engine controller (5) is connected with driving engine (1), startup/engine controller (3) is connected with startup/electrical generator (2), TCU (9) and 5 gear automatic speed variators (7), 2 gear automatic speed variators (12) are connected, rear drive electric machine controller (10) is connected with rear drive motor (11), BMS (16) is connected with electrokinetic cell (15), inverter (14) and startup/electrical generator (2), electrokinetic cell (15), charger (17), rear drive motor (11) is connected, and full-vehicle control unit (4) is by bus and startup/engine controller (3), engine controller (5), TCU (9), BMS (16), rear drive electric machine controller (10) is connected.
2. the plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: wherein the flywheel end of driving engine (1) is connected with the rotor of startup/electrical generator (2), the rotor of rear drive motor (11) is connected with the input end of 2 gear automatic speed variators (12), and the mouth of 2 gear automatic speed variators (12) is connected with the input end of rear differential speed reducer (13).
3. the plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: startup/electrical generator (2) not only can be used for quick start the engine (1) but also can drive generating by driving engine (1), generate electricity and supplement to electrokinetic cell (15) by inverter (14) or be directly supplied to rear drive motor (11) to drive automobile.
4. the plug-in in good time four-drive hybrid electric vehicle system of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: its drive pattern comprises: pure powered rear wheels low gear drives, pure powered rear wheels high speed gear drives, pure engine front wheel drives, hybrid driving charging back-wheel drive, hybrid four wheel drive, idle stop/driving engine start fast, regenerating braking energy reclaims, stopping for charging pattern.
CN201520416479.7U 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 In good time 4 wheel driven hybrid vehicle system of electric formula inserts Expired - Fee Related CN204895107U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104943526A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-30 山东理工大学 Plug-in right-time all-wheel-drive hybrid electric vehicle system
CN106965795A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-21 阿尔特汽车技术股份有限公司 Plug-in four-wheel-drive hybrid power vehicle complete vehicle control system
CN108275133A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-13 东风商用车有限公司 A kind of vehicle braking energy recovery system and its control method
CN108340901A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-07-31 陕西同力重工股份有限公司 More power combination drive engineering transportation vehicle controls and its control method
CN108544916A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-18 上汽通用汽车有限公司 multi-mode hybrid electric four-wheel drive system and its control method
CN108749551A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 广东戈兰玛汽车系统有限公司 New-energy automobile four-drive hybrid electric control system
CN113682157A (en) * 2021-09-26 2021-11-23 菏泽奔月汽车制造有限公司 Electric automobile increases journey power supply system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104943526A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-30 山东理工大学 Plug-in right-time all-wheel-drive hybrid electric vehicle system
CN106965795A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-07-21 阿尔特汽车技术股份有限公司 Plug-in four-wheel-drive hybrid power vehicle complete vehicle control system
CN108275133A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-13 东风商用车有限公司 A kind of vehicle braking energy recovery system and its control method
CN108544916A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-18 上汽通用汽车有限公司 multi-mode hybrid electric four-wheel drive system and its control method
CN108544916B (en) * 2018-03-23 2021-07-30 上汽通用汽车有限公司 Multi-mode hybrid power electric four-wheel drive system and control method thereof
CN108340901A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-07-31 陕西同力重工股份有限公司 More power combination drive engineering transportation vehicle controls and its control method
CN108749551A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 广东戈兰玛汽车系统有限公司 New-energy automobile four-drive hybrid electric control system
CN113682157A (en) * 2021-09-26 2021-11-23 菏泽奔月汽车制造有限公司 Electric automobile increases journey power supply system

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