CN204885295U - Little biological metallurgy battery - Google Patents

Little biological metallurgy battery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204885295U
CN204885295U CN201520613999.7U CN201520613999U CN204885295U CN 204885295 U CN204885295 U CN 204885295U CN 201520613999 U CN201520613999 U CN 201520613999U CN 204885295 U CN204885295 U CN 204885295U
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
anode chamber
room
carbon felt
filter
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Active
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CN201520613999.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐伟伟
魏志红
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SHENZHEN DONGFANG QISHENG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN DONGFANG QISHENG INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a little biological metallurgy battery, including the cathode chamber that sets gradually, strain and soak room, anode chamber, be equipped with the positive pole liquid including the organic matter in the anode chamber, strain and soak indoor being equipped with and contain the not heavy metal particles's of soluble liquid, the cathode chamber soaks the room and is connected through the siphon with straining, anode chamber and strain to soak and separate through proton exchange membrane between the room, be equipped with the carbon felt in negative pole, the anode chamber respectively, and connect through the wire between the carbon felt. The utility model discloses it is pollution -free, do not need external power supply yet, can realize heavy metal from the transformation of mineralize mineralization attitude to the simple substance attitude.

Description

A kind of microorganism metallurgy battery
Technical field
The utility model relates to microorganism metallurgy battery.
Background technology
Battery is a kind of common daily living article, and battery has a variety of, has chargeable lithium ion battery, Ni-MH battery etc., and non-rechargeabel zinc-manganese dioxide dry cell, lithium primary cell etc.Non-rechargeabel battery easily causes environmental pollution after crossing, although rechargeable battery can be recycled, along with adding up of charging times, electric power is more and more less, still can cause environmental pollution after discarded, and inherently there is a lot of heavy metal pollution in the Nature.
In order to contaminated solution problem, there is new microbiological fuel cell, it uses in microbial consumption organic substance process and produces electronics and H+, electronics is conducted to negative electrode and is combined with electron acceptor, hydrogen ion supplements cathode chamber cation-deficient through proton exchange membrane (PEM), whole closing course can electrogenesis, can reach again the object of organic matter removal., although microbiological fuel cell has achieved the ion of heavy metal or the reduction of oxidizing acid radical ion such as iron, manganese, chromium, copper.But search to the bottom, the material of the just solvable state of cathodic reduction, helpless to non-solvable state, have some limitations.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is in order to solve existing problem, a kind of microorganism metallurgy battery is provided, comprise set gradually cathode chamber, filter leaching room, anode chamber, be provided with in described anode chamber containing organic anolyte, the indoor liquid be provided with containing soluble heavy metal particles of described filter leaching, described cathode chamber is soaked room with filter and is connected by siphon pipe, and described anode chamber and filter are soaked between room and separated by proton exchange membrane, be respectively equipped with carbon felt in described negative electrode, anode chamber, and connected by wire between carbon felt.
Preferably, the one side that described proton exchange membrane is positioned at filter leaching indoor is provided with asbestos gauge.Described wire is titanium silk wire.Described siphon pipe is U-shaped siphon pipe.Described heavy metal particles contains Cu element or Fe element or its and combines.Described cathode chamber, filter leaching room, anode chamber are respectively equipped with the drain hole for emptying liquid in it.Described carbon felt is graphite carbon felt, and described graphite carbon felt is suspended in negative electrode, anode chamber respectively.
The utility model, by two kinds of principle effects of biological leaching and microbiological fuel cell, realizes heavy metal and changes from mineralising state to the single step of elemental.The advantages such as battery of the present utility model has without the need to additional power source, course of reaction cleanliness without any pollution, are applicable to being applied to the industry such as hydrometallurgy, mining.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, the microorganism metallurgy battery that the utility model one embodiment provides, the principle of microbiological fuel cell and microbe leaching (MM) principle is utilized to make, so-called microbe woods filtration principle, namely the direct effect of some microbes of occurring in nature or the indirectly-acting of its metabolite is utilized, produce oxidation, reduction, complexing, absorption or dissolution, by some insoluble composition in solid phase (as heavy metal, sulphur and other metals) be separated lixiviate out, discharge electronics and proton, electronics relies on suitable electron transfer mediator effectively to transmit between biological components and anode, and be delivered to negative electrode formation electric current by external circuit.
Microorganism metallurgy battery is from left to right provided with cathode chamber 1 successively, filters leaching room 2 and anode chamber 3, and filter leaching room 2 is built with the liquid containing soluble heavy metal particles, and such as mud or ore particles etc., they contain Cu element or Fe element or its and combine.Be provided with such as, containing organic anolyte, sanitary sewage etc. in anode chamber 3.Cathode chamber 1 is soaked room 2 with filter and is connected by U-shaped siphon pipe 6, anode chamber 3 and filter are soaked between room 2 and are separated by proton exchange membrane 4, graphite carbon felt 7 is left floating respectively as electrode in negative electrode, anode chamber 3, connected by titanium silk wire 8 between graphite carbon felt 7, graphite carbon felt 7 can move freely in negative electrode, anode chamber, abundant and catholyte, anolyte react, but also are convenient for changing.
The startup of battery of the present utility model is divided into two aspects: one be filter leaching room 2 inoculation domestication, two be anode chamber 3 inoculation domestication.Wherein, the inoculation domestication process time demand of filter leaching room 2 is longer.Dress organic substance by microbiological oxidation, produces proton and electronics anode chamber 3 in, and the proton of generation is through proton exchange membrane 4(PEM film), asbestos gauge enters filter and soaks room 2, the electronics of generation is delivered to cathode chamber 1 through titanium silk wire 8; In filter leaching room 2, mud or ore particles discharge the heavy metal ion such as Cu2+, Fe3+ through microbe filter leaching effect, and according to concentration diffusion principle, heavy metal ion enters near the siphon pipe 6 of filter leaching room 2, enters cathode chamber 1 through U-shaped siphon pipe 6; The electronics and the heavy metal ion that enter cathode chamber 1 combine on graphite carbon felt 7, and the metal adsorption be reduced is stained with at carbon.
Above-mentioned cathode chamber 1, anode chamber 3 and filter leaching room 2 are all provided with drain hole, can change reactant liquor wherein, and in order to the mud or ore particles preventing suspension enters cathode chamber, the one side being positioned at filter leaching indoor at PEM film is provided with asbestos gauge 5.
Above specific embodiment is only in order to illustrate design of the present utility model, and those of ordinary skill in the art can make various deformation and change under design of the present utility model, and these distortion and change include within protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a microorganism metallurgy battery, comprise set gradually cathode chamber, filter leaching room, anode chamber, be provided with in described anode chamber containing organic anolyte, the indoor liquid be provided with containing soluble heavy metal particles of described filter leaching, it is characterized in that, described cathode chamber is soaked room with filter and is connected by siphon pipe, and described anode chamber and filter are soaked between room and separated by proton exchange membrane, be respectively equipped with carbon felt in described negative electrode, anode chamber, and connected by wire between carbon felt.
2. battery as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the one side that described proton exchange membrane is positioned at filter leaching indoor is provided with asbestos gauge.
3. battery as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wire is titanium silk wire.
4. battery as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described siphon pipe is U-shaped siphon pipe.
5. the battery as described in Claims 1-4 any one, is characterized in that, described heavy metal particles contains Cu element or Fe element or its and combines.
6. battery as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described cathode chamber, filter leaching room, anode chamber are respectively equipped with the drain hole for emptying liquid in it.
7. battery as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described carbon felt is graphite carbon felt, and described graphite carbon felt is suspended in negative electrode, anode chamber respectively.
CN201520613999.7U 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Little biological metallurgy battery Active CN204885295U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520613999.7U CN204885295U (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Little biological metallurgy battery

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520613999.7U CN204885295U (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Little biological metallurgy battery

Publications (1)

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CN204885295U true CN204885295U (en) 2015-12-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108677008A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-10-19 江南大学 A kind of device for recycling metal
CN109428104A (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-05 中国科学院理化技术研究所 A kind of liquid metal biomass cell

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109428104A (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-05 中国科学院理化技术研究所 A kind of liquid metal biomass cell
CN109428104B (en) * 2017-08-31 2021-07-20 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Liquid metal biomass battery
CN108677008A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-10-19 江南大学 A kind of device for recycling metal

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