CN204851538U - Many motors power generation facility and wind generating set - Google Patents

Many motors power generation facility and wind generating set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204851538U
CN204851538U CN201520500471.9U CN201520500471U CN204851538U CN 204851538 U CN204851538 U CN 204851538U CN 201520500471 U CN201520500471 U CN 201520500471U CN 204851538 U CN204851538 U CN 204851538U
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motor
output shaft
electric power
connects
wind
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CN201520500471.9U
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易小刚
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Sany Heavy Energy Co Ltd
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Sany Heavy Energy Equipment Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model discloses a many motors power generation facility and wind generating set. This many motor power generation facility includes transfer case, first motor and second motor, wherein: the transfer case includes input shaft, first output shaft and second output shaft, an output shaft first motor, second output shaft connects the second motor, in first motor and the second motor only first motor be connected with deflector, the deflector that first motor is connected can adjust the electric power of second motor. The utility model discloses a deflector of smaller power has realized having reduced system's cost effectively than the variable speed operational check of high power wind generator group to have advantages such as the degree of difficulty of manufacturing is low, good reliability.

Description

A kind of many electric power generations device and wind power generating set
Technical field
The utility model relates generally to technical field of wind power generation, specifically, relates to a kind of many electric power generations device, and is provided with the wind power generating set of this many electric power generations device.
Background technique
For improving the utilization ratio of wind energy, speed-changing oar-changing wind power generating set has become current main product.When low wind speed, regulate wind speed round by converter plant, follow the trail of maximal wind-energy utilization factor, and then improve the efficiency of Wind turbines; When high wind speed, regulate propeller pitch angle by vane change device, blower fan is run in rated power state.
In prior art, middle high-power wind turbine capacity of power unit reaches 2 ~ 3MW, and for improving the utilization of wind energy resources, expect to increase single-machine capacity further, this demand for offshore wind farm is particularly urgent.But because of the wind-powered electricity generation Semiconductor Converting Technology bottleneck of superhigh power, the restriction of generator ultra-large volume manufacture, and the significantly rising of cost (even more than the total cost of two units), be difficult to Rapid Popularization in reality and use.
In order to solve the problem of superhigh power wind-driven generator group technique and cost, domestic and international producer proposes dual motors system one after another, and the technological scheme of employing mainly contains following several:
Scheme one: the composite excitation double-generator technology adopting double armature, reduces the separate unit power level of current transformer.
Scheme two: the dual motors system of installing a set of generator in the both sides, front and back of wheel hub respectively, and then reduce separate unit generator body sum current transformer power level.
Scheme three: wind wheel drives long axis to rotate, two generators of simultaneously connecting, to reduce separate unit generator body sum current transformer power level, Generator Symmetric is arranged in underframe both sides, cabin to balance machine gravity.
For aforementioned schemes one, although avoid Semiconductor Converting Technology difficult point, superhigh power generator, step-up gear volume are still very huge, and manufacture difficulty and cost are still very high.
For aforementioned schemes two, adopt two motor series connection, but layout is in the both sides, front and back of wheel hub, the obvious deficiency of existence is that machine gravity is unstable, and is in fact difficult to making and installation.
For aforementioned schemes three, itself and scheme two are the same in essence, are only improved the mounting point of generator, and long axis mode determines that two generator speed must be identical, also need to carry out the special transformation of the way to first motor, and raise the efficiency when being unfavorable for low wind speed.Meanwhile, the program need adopt identical converter plant to carry out parallel connection and use, and cost is higher.
Model utility content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of many electric power generations device, is provided with two or more motors, while raising electricity generating device capacity, can solve defect that in prior art, manufacture difficulty is high, cost is high or at least one of them.
Many electric power generations device of the present utility model, comprises transfer case, the first motor and the second motor, wherein:
Described transfer case comprises input shaft, the first output shaft and the second output shaft;
Described first output shaft connects described first motor, described second output shaft connects described second motor, in described first motor and the second motor, only the first motor is connected with converter plant, and the converter plant that described first motor connects can adjust the electric power of described second motor.
Further, described transfer case also comprises the 3rd output shaft, and described 3rd output shaft connects the 3rd motor.
Further, the converter plant that described first motor connects can adjust the electric power of described 3rd motor.
Further, described first motor is permagnetic synchronous motor, and the rotor of described permagnetic synchronous motor connects described first output shaft, and stator connects described converter plant; Described second motor is squirrel-cage motor, and the rotor of described squirrel-cage motor connects described second output shaft, and stator is for connecting electrical network.
Further, described first motor is double fed asynchronous machine, and described converter plant is double-feed current transformer.
Further, described second motor connects soft grid-connecting apparatus.
Further, described soft grid-connecting apparatus comprises contactor and can the bidirectional thyristor of progressively conducting, described contactor with after thyristor parallel connection for being connected with electrical network.
Further, be only connected to the grid at described first motor, and when wind speed meets described second motor incision condition, described second motor is just connected to the grid.
Further, the output speed ratio of described first output shaft is different from the output speed ratio of described second output shaft.
Another aspect of the present utility model, also provides a kind of wind power generating set, and described wind power generating set is provided with many electric power generations device of aforementioned any one.
Many electric power generations device of the present utility model, comprises transfer case, the first motor and the second motor, and transfer case connects the first motor and the second motor respectively, and the first motor connects converter plant, and the second motor does not connect any converter plant.By adjusting the parameter of the converter plant that the first motor connects, the rotating speed of the first output shaft can be controlled, and then the rotating speed of the second output shaft can be controlled, thus revolutional slip and the electric power of the second motor can be controlled, finally realize the first motor and the second motor exchanges the scaling factor of electric energy for from kinetic energy, ensure the optimal power contribution of each motor, and then the maximum utilization of wind energy can be realized.
The utility model realizes the high-power output of electricity generating device on the one hand by the motor of two or more, the variable-speed operation on the other hand achieving relatively high power wind power generating set by the converter plant of smaller power controls, and significantly reduces system cost relative to prior art; Because small-power converter topology is ripe, thus low, the good reliability of manufacture difficulty.In addition, the utility model also has motor and selects flexibly, controls simple, is easy to the advantages such as installation and maintenance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing forming a part of the present utility model is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and schematic description and description of the present utility model, for explaining the utility model, is not formed improper restriction of the present utility model.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of many electric power generations device of the utility model one embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the operational flow diagram of the wind power generating set of the utility model one embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
1 transfer case
2 first motors
3 converter plants
4 second motors
5 soft grid-connecting apparatus
10 input shafts
11 first output shafts
12 second output shafts
Embodiment
It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the embodiment in the utility model and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and describe the utility model in detail in conjunction with the embodiments.
In the utility model, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " are mainly used in distinguishing different parts, but specifically do not limit parts.The utility model motor everywhere refers to generator, and connection everywhere both can be direct connection also can be indirect connection.
It is the structural representation of many electric power generations device of the utility model one embodiment shown in Fig. 1.In this embodiment, many electric power generations device comprises two motors.It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the utility model also can comprise more motors.
As can be seen from Figure 1, many electric power generations device of this embodiment at least comprises transfer case 1, first motor 2 and the second motor 4.Wherein transfer case 1 comprises input shaft 10, first output shaft 11 and the second output shaft 12, and it can adopt the one-to-two transfer case in existing and improvement opportunity.Wherein input shaft 10 is connected with the spindle machine of wind power generating set, and its effect is that wind wheel is passed to the first motor 2 and the second motor 4 by the kinetic energy that main shaft transmits.First output shaft 11 is connected with the first motor 2, and the second output shaft 12 is connected with the second motor 4.
In addition, in aforementioned first motor 2 and the second motor, only the first motor 2 is connected with converter plant 3, and this converter plant 3 can adopt structure that is existing and that improve.First motor 2 connects electrical network by this converter plant 3.This converter plant 3 can adopt full-control type wind electric converter, can realize the first motor 2 direct torque and export the idle independent regulation of electric network active.
Aforementioned second motor 4 does not connect any converter plant, and the converter plant 3 that the first motor 2 connects can adjust the electric power of the second motor 4.Second motor 4 does not connect electrical network by converter plant 3, and it directly can connect electrical network.In order to limit the second motor 4 grid-connected time inrush current, preferably this second motor 4 is connected with soft grid-connecting apparatus 5, is connected with electrical network by this soft grid-connecting apparatus 5.
Soft grid-connecting apparatus 5 can adopt multiple may structure, preferably it adopts the soft incision technology of bypass bidirectional thyristor, comprises contactor and can the bidirectional thyristor of progressively conducting, contactor with after thyristor parallel connection for being connected with electrical network.By the bidirectional thyristor progressively conducting in soft grid-connecting apparatus 5 when second motor 4 is grid-connected, grid-connected complete after the second motor 4 be directly connected with electrical network by the contactor in soft grid-connecting apparatus 5.
Aforementioned first motor 2 is connected with electrical network by converter plant 3, and by the adjustment of converter plant 3, it can run in relative broad range internal speed-changing constant frequency; Aforementioned second motor 4 can only run in speed range very little near synchronous speed.This embodiment can according to wind speed size, the distribution of Modulating Power on the first motor 2 and the second motor 4, and then more effectively can utilize wind energy.
Control system is according to different runnability, adjust the parameter of the converter plant 3 that the first motor 2 connects, the rotating speed of the first output shaft 11 can be controlled, and then the rotating speed of the second output shaft 12 can be controlled, thus revolutional slip and the electric power of the second motor 4 can be controlled, finally realize the first motor 2 and the second motor 4 exchange electric energy for scaling factor from kinetic energy, ensure the optimal power contribution of each motor, and then the maximum utilization of wind energy can be realized.
Aforementioned first motor 2 and the second motor 4 can adopt polytype motor.As the preferred compound mode of one, the first motor 2 is permagnetic synchronous motor, and the rotor of this permagnetic synchronous motor connects the first output shaft 11, and stator connects converter plant 3; Second motor 4 is squirrel-cage motor, and the rotor of this squirrel-cage motor connects the second output shaft 12, and stator is for connecting electrical network.
As another kind of possibility mode, the first motor 2 is double fed asynchronous machine, and converter plant 3 is double-feed current transformer.Should be clear, the first motor 2 is replaced with squirrel-cage motor, the second motor 4 is replaced with permagnetic synchronous motor, or other possibility mode, include within the technical solution of the utility model.
Apparently, the utility model can also adopt one point of three transfer case, and namely transfer case 1 also comprises the 3rd output shaft, and the 3rd output shaft connects the 3rd motor, and then realizes power generation system and more may select.The electric power of the 3rd motor can adopt independent device to control, and preferably the 3rd motor does not connect any converter plant yet, and the converter plant 3 that the first motor 2 connects can adjust the electric power of the 3rd motor.
Previous embodiment realizes the high-power output of electricity generating device by the motor of two or more, and the variable-speed operation being achieved relatively high power wind power generating set by the converter plant 3 of smaller power is controlled, and significantly reduces system cost relative to prior art; Because small-power converter topology is ripe, thus low, the good reliability of manufacture difficulty.In addition, previous embodiment also has motor and selects flexibly, controls simple, is easy to the advantages such as installation and maintenance.
Fig. 2 is the operational flow diagram of the wind power generating set of the utility model one embodiment, and its main process is as follows:
After self-inspection completes, when unit fault-free and wind speed be greater than incision wind speed and be less than cut-out wind speed time, wind state for the treatment of can be entered;
Enter after wind state, when condition cut by the first motor 2 that wind speed reaches setting, start converter plant 3, first motor 2 and be connected to the grid;
After first motor 2 is connected to the grid, when condition cut by the second motor 4 that wind speed meets setting, regulate the rotating speed of the second output shaft 12 close to the synchronous speed of the second motor 4 by converter plant 3, start soft grid-connecting apparatus 5, second motor 4 and be connected to the grid;
After the first motor 2 and the second motor 4 are all connected to the grid, regulate in real time wind speed round to obtain most high generation efficiency by converter plant 3;
When the second motor 4 that wind speed meets setting cuts out condition, the action of soft grid-connecting apparatus 5, the second motor 4 off-grid;
When the first motor 2 that wind speed meets setting cuts out condition, converter plant 3 action control first motor 2 off-grid.
In aforementioned process, be only connected to the grid at the first motor 2, and wind speed meets the second motor 4 when cutting condition, the second motor 4 is just connected to the grid, and after this between two motors, carries out power division, realizes the maximum utilization of wind energy.
In addition, the output speed ratio of the first output shaft 11 is different from the output speed ratio of the second output shaft 12, and the output speed ratio of preferred each output shaft immobilizes, export speed ratio can according to connected motor characteristic flexible match settings.Certainly, the output speed ratio of two output shafts also can be identical.Aforesaid output speed ratio refers to the ratio of input speed and output speed.Preceding solution can ensure that the first motor 2 and the second motor 4 are cut and cut out under different speed conditions, has both improve wind energy utilization efficiency during low wind speed, has met again power level during high wind speed.
Except many electric power generations device of previous embodiment, the utility model also provides a kind of wind power generating set being provided with aforementioned many electric power generations device.Other structure such as parts such as tower cylinder, basis of this wind power generating set with reference to technology that is existing and that improve, can not repeat at this herein.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. the device of electric power generation more than, is characterized in that, comprises transfer case (1), the first motor (2) and the second motor (4), wherein:
Described transfer case (1) comprises input shaft (10), the first output shaft (11) and the second output shaft (12);
Described first output shaft (11) connects described first motor (2), described second output shaft (12) connects described second motor (4), in described first motor (2) and the second motor (4), only the first motor (2) is connected with converter plant (3), and the converter plant (3) that described first motor (2) connects can adjust the electric power of described second motor (4).
2. many electric power generations device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described transfer case (1) also comprises the 3rd output shaft, and described 3rd output shaft connects the 3rd motor.
3. many electric power generations device according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the converter plant (3) that described first motor (2) connects can adjust the electric power of described 3rd motor.
4. many electric power generations device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first motor (2) is permagnetic synchronous motor, and the rotor of described permagnetic synchronous motor connects described first output shaft (11), and stator connects described converter plant (3); Described second motor (4) is squirrel-cage motor, and the rotor of described squirrel-cage motor connects described second output shaft (12), and stator is for connecting electrical network.
5. many electric power generations device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first motor (2) is double fed asynchronous machine, and described converter plant (3) is double-feed current transformer.
6. the many electric power generations device according to any one of claim 1-5, is characterized in that, described second motor (4) connects soft grid-connecting apparatus (5).
7. many electric power generations device according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described soft grid-connecting apparatus (5) comprises contactor and can the bidirectional thyristor of progressively conducting, described contactor with after thyristor parallel connection for being connected with electrical network.
8. the many electric power generations device according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, only be connected to the grid described first motor (2), and when wind speed meets described second motor (4) incision condition, described second motor (4) is just connected to the grid.
9. the many electric power generations device according to any one of claim 1-5, is characterized in that, the output speed ratio of described first output shaft (11) is different from the output speed ratio of described second output shaft (12).
10. a wind power generating set, is characterized in that, described wind power generating set is provided with the many electric power generations device described in any one of claim 1-9.
CN201520500471.9U 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Many motors power generation facility and wind generating set Active CN204851538U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520500471.9U CN204851538U (en) 2015-07-10 2015-07-10 Many motors power generation facility and wind generating set

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105041575A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 三一重型能源装备有限公司 Multi-motor power generation device and wind power generation unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105041575A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 三一重型能源装备有限公司 Multi-motor power generation device and wind power generation unit

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Address after: 102206 31 Industrial Park, North Qing Road, Beijing, Changping District

Patentee after: SANY HEAVY ENERGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 102206 31 Industrial Park, North Qing Road, Beijing, Changping District

Patentee before: SANY HEAVY ENERGY EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

Address after: 102206 31 Industrial Park, North Qing Road, Beijing, Changping District

Patentee after: Sany Heavy Energy Co., Ltd

Address before: 102206 31 Industrial Park, North Qing Road, Beijing, Changping District

Patentee before: SANY HEAVY ENERGY Co.,Ltd.