CN204830955U - Novel microchannel plate formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique - Google Patents

Novel microchannel plate formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204830955U
CN204830955U CN201520507717.5U CN201520507717U CN204830955U CN 204830955 U CN204830955 U CN 204830955U CN 201520507717 U CN201520507717 U CN 201520507717U CN 204830955 U CN204830955 U CN 204830955U
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heat exchanger
fluid
hot
runner
cold
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CN201520507717.5U
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王燕灵
闫岸如
杨恬恬
马志红
王智勇
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CHENGDU 3D CHANGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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CHENGDU 3D CHANGE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel microchannel plate formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique belongs to a novel heat transfer device, and it includes, and cold flow body access road, hot -fluid access road, cold flow body exit channel, hot -fluid exit channel, cold flow body subchannel, the cold flow body converge, hot -fluid subchannel, hot -fluid converge, upper seal plate and lower seal board. This plate heat exchanger is based on 3D printing technique integrated into one piece preparation, has the coefficient of heat transfer height, heat transfer area is big, nos weld interface, and the deformation stress when welding has been eliminated to leakproofness characteristics such as good, and deformation and drawing breakage problem when effectively having overcome traditional heat exchanger slab butt weld, simultaneously, the structural performance of fashioned microchannel heat exchanger is good, and the bearing capacity is strong, adopts nickel base alloys as the material, has fine corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance ability.

Description

A kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of Novel heat exchanger, is specifically related to that a kind of integration prepared based on 3D printing technique is novel defends passage plate type heat exchanger.
Background technology
Heat exchanger is as the equipment partial heat of hot fluid being passed to cold fluid, and be widely used in the fields such as chemical industry, oil, power and atomic energy, heat exchanger both can be a kind of independent equipment, as heater, cooler and condenser etc.; May also be the building block of a certain process equipment.In modern industry, plate type heat exchanger just progressively replaces the traditional heat exchangers such as shell-and-tube heat exchanger, this is because plate type heat exchanger has, heat transfer coefficient is high, heatproof bearing capacity is strong, floor space is little, can realize the advantages such as medium heat exchange, and plate type heat exchanger is the comparatively crucial equipment effectively using the energy, economize energy and utilization of new energy resources.At chemical field because many courses of reaction belong to strong exothermic process, the danger that ubiquity is certain, very harmful to human life and natural environment etc., and adopt micro-Chemical Engineering Technology realization response process intensification with microminiaturized, greatly can improve efficiency and the security of process, the harm of Chemical Manufacture is dropped to minimum.
3D printing technique is a kind of emerging technology of rising in recent years, it is based on Layered manufacturing thought, with powder, cad model is converted to part, due to it not only adopt in, low-power laser melts constituency metal dust fast, fully, and adopt quick cooled and solidified technology, so can obtain nonequilibrium state supersaturated solid solution and evenly tiny metallographic structure, density is close to 100%.The relative traditional handicraft of 3D printing technique has unique advantage, its one-body molded characteristic, and the diversity of Material selec-tion brings new route for solving traditional handicraft weak point.Owing to there is no traditional welding stress, its life-span improves greatly, and its manufacture free degree of 3D printing technique is high, and channel size that can be shaping is little, thus the structure of some uniquenesses is easy to just can realize, and this is significant for the unit heat exchange area improving heat exchanger.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique, this heat exchanger have easy to use, heat exchange area large, high temperature, high pressure and the feature such as rotproofness is good can be born.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model realizes in the following manner:
A kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique, comprise cold fluid inlet passage, thermal fluid inlet passage, cold fluid outlet passage, hot fluid outlet ports passage, cold fluid runner, cold fluid confluxes, hot fluid runner, hot fluid confluxes, upper sealing panel and lower seal plate, described cold fluid inlet passage is connected with cold fluid runner, cold fluid outlet passage confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, cold fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag cold runner on heat exchanger core body, the opposite side of zigzag cold runner confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, described thermal fluid inlet passage is connected with hot fluid runner, hot fluid outlet ports passage confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, hot fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag hot flow path on heat exchanger core body, and the opposite side of zigzag hot flow path confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, described upper sealing panel and lower seal plate are separately positioned on the upper and lower surface place of plate type heat exchanger, and heat exchanger core body is between upper sealing panel and lower seal plate.
Described heat exchanger core body is alternately formed by stacking by heat exchanger dividing plate I and heat exchanger dividing plate II bis-layers, dividing plate microchannel is formed between heat exchanger dividing plate I and heat exchanger dividing plate II, described dividing plate microchannel is divided into zigzag cold runner and zigzag hot flow path according to moving towards difference, the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag cold runner, and the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag hot flow path.
The face, upper left of described heat exchanger dividing plate I layer is provided with cold fluid runner, and its face, bottom right is provided with hot fluid runner, and the face, upper left of heat exchanger dividing plate II layer is provided with hot fluid and confluxes, and its face, bottom right is provided with cold fluid and confluxes.
The cross-sectional area that described cold fluid runner, cold fluid conflux, hot fluid runner and hot fluid conflux is rectangular-shaped passage.
In order to strengthen the turbulent extent of fluid further, the described zigzag cold runner in the utility model and zigzag hot flow path make rough and uneven in surface, undulate structure.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model has: this plate type heat exchanger is prepared based on 3D printing technique, new type heat exchanger heat transfer coefficient is high, heat exchange area is large, adopt 3D printing technique one-body molded, welding interface, good airproof performance, effectively overcomes traditional heat exchangers plate to distortion during welding and drawing crack problem, eliminate distortional stress during welding, reduce the production cost of Miniature micro-channel plate formula heat exchanger; Meanwhile, shaping micro-channel heat exchanger density is high, good airproof performance, and the structural behaviour of the entirety of heat exchanger is good, and bearing capacity is strong, adopts nickel-base alloy as material, has good corrosion resistance and resistance to elevated temperatures.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model microchannel plate type heat exchanger;
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of Fig. 1 at A-A place;
Fig. 3 is the cold fluid inlet access diagram in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the board-like core structure of heat exchanger schematic diagram in the utility model microchannel.
In figure, each mark is respectively: 1, cold fluid inlet passage, and 2, thermal fluid inlet passage, 3, cold fluid outlet passage, 4, hot fluid outlet ports passage, 5, cold fluid runner, 6, cold fluid confluxes, 7-1, heat exchanger dividing plate I, 7-2, heat exchanger dividing plate II, 8, zigzag cold runner, 9, zigzag hot flow path, 10, lower seal plate, 11, upper sealing panel, 12, dividing plate microchannel, 13, hot fluid runner, 14, hot fluid confluxes.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique, comprise cold fluid inlet passage 1, thermal fluid inlet passage 2, cold fluid outlet passage 3, hot fluid outlet ports passage 4, cold fluid runner 5, cold fluid confluxes 6, hot fluid runner 13, hot fluid confluxes 14, upper sealing panel 11 and lower seal plate 10, described cold fluid runner 5, cold fluid confluxes 6, hot fluid runner 13 and hot fluid conflux 14 cross-sectional area be rectangular-shaped passage, cold fluid inlet passage is connected with cold fluid runner, cold fluid outlet passage confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, cold fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag cold runner 8 on heat exchanger core body, the opposite side of zigzag cold runner confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, described thermal fluid inlet passage is connected with hot fluid runner, hot fluid outlet ports passage confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, hot fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag hot flow path 9 on heat exchanger core body, and the opposite side of zigzag hot flow path confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, described upper sealing panel and lower seal plate are separately positioned on the upper and lower surface place of plate type heat exchanger, and heat exchanger core body is between upper sealing panel and lower seal plate.
Described heat exchanger core body is alternately formed by stacking by heat exchanger dividing plate I7-1 and heat exchanger dividing plate II7-2 bis-layers, dividing plate microchannel 12 is formed between heat exchanger dividing plate I and heat exchanger dividing plate II, described dividing plate microchannel is divided into zigzag cold runner 8 and zigzag hot flow path 9 according to moving towards difference, the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag cold runner, the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag hot flow path, and the face, upper left of described heat exchanger dividing plate I layer is provided with cold fluid runner, its face, bottom right is provided with hot fluid runner, the face, upper left of heat exchanger dividing plate II layer is provided with hot fluid and confluxes, its face, bottom right is provided with cold fluid and confluxes.
Move towards to occur repeatedly to turn back because of it in dividing plate microchannel, two adjacent heat exchanger dividing plate I and heat exchanger dividing plate II are owing to moving towards inconsistent in microchannel, this makes the microchannel of dividing plate upper surface angled, and sawtooth shape flow passage in heat exchanger is made up of, so the sawtooth shape flow passage on heat exchanger core body makes rough and uneven in surface, undulate structure the microchannel on adjacent two faces of separator sheets.On the one hand, such object increases fluid turbulent degree, and destroy thermal boundary layer, thus strengthening heat transfer makes heat transfer efficiency be improved; On the other hand, for the MCA of close-coupled, the microchannel on adjacent separator plate face is moved towards angled being conducive to and is improved fluid friction property, reduction medium import and export pressure drop, makes the fluid distributed uniform on microchannel.Zigzag cold runner and zigzag hot flow path are set to interleaved, and fluid flowing upper be heat convection due to what take, this structure can provide the maximum coefficient of heat transfer and lower pressure drop under the operating mode of boiling and condensation.
The above is only embodiment of the present utility model; again state; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also carry out some improvement to the utility model, these improvement are also listed in the protection domain of the utility model claim.

Claims (5)

1. the AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique, it is characterized in that: comprise cold fluid inlet passage (1), thermal fluid inlet passage (2), cold fluid outlet passage (3), hot fluid outlet ports passage (4), cold fluid runner (5), cold fluid confluxes (6), hot fluid runner (13), hot fluid confluxes (14), upper sealing panel (11) and lower seal plate (10), described cold fluid inlet passage is connected with cold fluid runner, cold fluid outlet passage confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, cold fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag cold runner (8) on heat exchanger core body, the opposite side of zigzag cold runner confluxes with cold fluid and is connected, described thermal fluid inlet passage is connected with hot fluid runner, hot fluid outlet ports passage confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, hot fluid runner is connected with the side of the zigzag hot flow path (9) on heat exchanger core body, and the opposite side of zigzag hot flow path confluxes with hot fluid and is connected, described upper sealing panel and lower seal plate are separately positioned on the upper and lower surface place of plate type heat exchanger, and heat exchanger core body is between upper sealing panel and lower seal plate.
2. a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat exchanger core body is alternately formed by stacking by heat exchanger dividing plate I (7-1) and heat exchanger dividing plate II (7-2) two layers, dividing plate microchannel (12) is formed between heat exchanger dividing plate I and heat exchanger dividing plate II, described dividing plate microchannel is divided into zigzag cold runner and zigzag hot flow path according to moving towards difference, the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag cold runner, the lower surface of heat exchanger dividing plate I and the upper surface of heat exchanger dividing plate II form zigzag hot flow path.
3. a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the face, upper left of described heat exchanger dividing plate I (7-1) layer is provided with cold fluid runner, its face, bottom right is provided with hot fluid runner, the face, upper left of heat exchanger dividing plate II (7-2) layer is provided with hot fluid and confluxes, and its face, bottom right is provided with cold fluid and confluxes.
4. a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the cross-sectional area that described cold fluid runner, cold fluid conflux, hot fluid runner and hot fluid conflux is rectangular-shaped passage.
5. a kind of AT-MCP formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described zigzag cold runner (8) and zigzag hot flow path (9) make rough and uneven in surface, undulate structure.
CN201520507717.5U 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Novel microchannel plate formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique Active CN204830955U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105627808A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-01 北京航空航天大学 Novel heat exchanger core and distribution structure
CN105750545A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-13 上海卫星工程研究所 Method using 3D printing to manufacture heat exchanger
CN106123656A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-16 中国核动力研究设计院 Grade separation type microchannel high-efficiency compact heat exchanger
CN107388854A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-24 西安交通大学 A kind of novel printed circuit board formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique
WO2018219855A1 (en) 2017-05-30 2018-12-06 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Method of using an indirect heat exchanger and facility for processing liquefied natural gas comprising such heat exchanger
CN109210963A (en) * 2017-07-06 2019-01-15 戴弗根特技术有限公司 Device and method for increasing material manufacturing micro-pipe heat exchanger
CN109282528A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-29 杭州先临易加三维科技有限公司 Heat exchanger, air-conditioning system and heat exchanger method
CN111649614A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-11 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 Compact LNG heat exchanger with transverse micro-groove structure based on 3D printing
US10796874B2 (en) 2017-09-28 2020-10-06 Uchicago Argonne, Llc 3D printed micro channel plate, method of making and using 3D printed micro channel plate

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105627808A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-01 北京航空航天大学 Novel heat exchanger core and distribution structure
CN105750545A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-13 上海卫星工程研究所 Method using 3D printing to manufacture heat exchanger
CN106123656A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-11-16 中国核动力研究设计院 Grade separation type microchannel high-efficiency compact heat exchanger
WO2018219855A1 (en) 2017-05-30 2018-12-06 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Method of using an indirect heat exchanger and facility for processing liquefied natural gas comprising such heat exchanger
US11022375B2 (en) 2017-07-06 2021-06-01 Divergent Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and methods for additively manufacturing microtube heat exchangers
CN109210963A (en) * 2017-07-06 2019-01-15 戴弗根特技术有限公司 Device and method for increasing material manufacturing micro-pipe heat exchanger
CN107388854A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-24 西安交通大学 A kind of novel printed circuit board formula heat exchanger based on 3D printing technique
US10796874B2 (en) 2017-09-28 2020-10-06 Uchicago Argonne, Llc 3D printed micro channel plate, method of making and using 3D printed micro channel plate
CN109282528A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-29 杭州先临易加三维科技有限公司 Heat exchanger, air-conditioning system and heat exchanger method
CN111649614A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-11 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 Compact LNG heat exchanger with transverse micro-groove structure based on 3D printing

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