CN204830646U - Fluid -bed fruit vegetables quick -freezing installation - Google Patents

Fluid -bed fruit vegetables quick -freezing installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204830646U
CN204830646U CN201520464080.6U CN201520464080U CN204830646U CN 204830646 U CN204830646 U CN 204830646U CN 201520464080 U CN201520464080 U CN 201520464080U CN 204830646 U CN204830646 U CN 204830646U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
evaporimeter
vegetables
fruits
quick
fluidized bed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520464080.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
景君
徐一飞
刘斌
李平
张艳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Proud green group Limited by Share Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN AOLV AGRICULTURAL & SIDELINE PRODUCTS GROUP Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN AOLV AGRICULTURAL & SIDELINE PRODUCTS GROUP Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN AOLV AGRICULTURAL & SIDELINE PRODUCTS GROUP Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520464080.6U priority Critical patent/CN204830646U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204830646U publication Critical patent/CN204830646U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fluid -bed fruit vegetables quick -freezing installation, including box, baffle, temperature sensor, water conservancy diversion piece, controller, choke valve, compression condensation unit, fan, water collector, fruit vegetables frame, first evaporimeter, second evaporimeter, the baffle separates the box for fruit vegetables freezer and air treatment room, open the baffle top has the return air inlet, open the below has the supply -air outlet, the four corners is equipped with the water conservancy diversion piece in the box, compression condensation unit and first evaporimeter and second evaporimeter parallel connection, install first electromagnetism stop valve and second electromagnetism stop valve respectively on the connecting line, compression condensation unit export installation choke valve, the air treatment indoor location has fan and water collector, controller and temperature sensor, first electromagnetism stop valve, second electromagnetism stop valve, compression condensation unit and fan link to each other, the utility model discloses a percolation air supply, double evaporation is the operational mode in turn, and it is rapid that the device has a quick -freeze, and the effect is even, advantages such as production efficiency height.

Description

A kind of fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant, particularly relates to a kind of fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant.Belong to fruits and vegetables freezing and refrigeration technical field.
Background technology
Fruits and vegetables quick-frozen utilizes artificial cooling technology, in about 30min, the central temperature of fresh fruit of vegetables is down to about-5 DEG C, then refrigerates under cryogenic, thus reach the object of long term storage fruits and vegetables.Fast frozen can reduce the heat of fruits and vegetables inside fast, and makes fruits and vegetables intraor extracellular form ice crystal of uniform size, effectively can control the activity of enzyme and microorganism, reduces the biochemical reaction rate of fruits and vegetables inside, keeps the original color and luster of fruits and vegetables, nutrition and quality.
Existing fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant adopts downflow type air supply mode mostly, and what cold wind was parallel blows over fruits and vegetables refrigerator tray, and fruits and vegetables can not fully contact with cold wind, and it is slow that quick-freezing plant exists fruits and vegetables cooling rate, and operating efficiency is low, fruits and vegetables quick-frozen effect non-uniform phenomenon.Cooling rate slowly easily causes fruits and vegetables inside and forms larger ice crystal, destroys fruits and vegetables eucaryotic cell structure, reduces fruits and vegetables mouthfeel and quality.In addition, existing fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant needs interval shutdown to defrost, and the operating efficiency of fruits and vegetables quick-frozen is lower.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the deficiency existed for above-mentioned prior art, provides a kind of fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant, improves fruits and vegetables quick-frozen operating efficiency, improves fruits and vegetables quick-frozen quality.
Concrete technical scheme is as follows: a kind of fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant, by casing, and dividing plate, temperature sensor, flow deflector, controller, the first electromagnet cut off valve, the second electromagnet cut off valve, choke valve, Condensing units, blower fan, drip tray, fruits and vegetables frame, the first evaporimeter, the second evaporimeter composition.Described casing is assembled by warming plate, and the side of casing is provided with fruits and vegetables feeding gate, and four edges along circulated air traffic direction in casing are provided with flow deflector, to reduce circulated air resistance and to reduce casing Inner eycle wind dead band; Box house is fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber and air-handling chamber by described baffle for separating, offers return air inlet, offer air outlet below dividing plate above described dividing plate; Described fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber inside is provided with fruits and vegetables frame; Described air-treatment chamber interior comprises temperature sensor, the first evaporimeter, the second evaporimeter and blower fan; Described blower fan is positioned at below the first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter; Described Condensing units, the first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter all include outlet and entrance; The outlet of described Condensing units is parallel with the first branch road and the second branch road with described first evaporator inlet and the second evaporator inlet by pipeline respectively; Described first branch road is provided with the first electromagnet cut off valve; Described second branch road is provided with the second electromagnet cut off valve; The outlet of described first evaporimeter and the outlet of the second evaporimeter are connected by pipeline with the entrance of Condensing units respectively; Described controller is connected with described temperature sensor, the first electromagnet cut off valve, the second electromagnet cut off valve, Condensing units and blower fan respectively;
The side that described fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber is relative with dividing plate is provided with fruits and vegetables feeding gate;
The exit of described Condensing units is provided with choke valve, is connected respectively by described choke valve with described first branch road with the second branch road;
The ground, bottom of described air-handling chamber is provided with drip tray; Described drip tray is connected with drainpipe, and described drainpipe leads to casing outside;
Further, cold-producing medium is charged in the circulation line that described first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter form; The air-treatment that described first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter mounted on top are arranged in casing is indoor; Described Condensing units is arranged on casing outside; Described first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter adopt fin-tube heat exchanger, heat exchanger fin are provided with defrosting heat tape; Described fruits and vegetables frame is that multilayer corrosion resistant plate with holes is welded.
Wherein more preferably, fruits and vegetables frame corrosion resistant plate used adopts food-grade stainless steel material;
Wherein more preferably, fruits and vegetables frame bottom is provided with pulley;
Wherein more preferably, lower box is provided with feet.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant described in the utility model adopts percolation air supply mode, and cold wind is fully contacting with fruits and vegetables through after fruits and vegetables frame, and cooling is rapid, quick-frozen uniform in effect.In addition, adopt two evaporation alternate run pattern, avoid because evaporator defrost causes device to shut down phenomenon, improve fruits and vegetables quick-frozen production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is top view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is operation logic figure of the present utility model;
In figure, 1 is casing, and 2 is dividing plate, 3 is return air inlet, and 4 is temperature sensor, and 5 is flow deflector, 6 is controller, and 7 is the first electromagnet cut off valve, and 8 is the second electromagnet cut off valve, 9 is choke valve, and 10 is Condensing units, and 11 is drip tray, 12 is blower fan, and 13 is air outlet, and 14 is fruits and vegetables frame, 15 is the first evaporimeter, and 16 is the second evaporimeter.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in further details the utility model below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, example, only for explaining the utility model, is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant, comprises casing 1, dividing plate 2, temperature sensor 4, flow deflector 5, controller 6, the first electromagnet cut off valve 7, second electromagnet cut off valve 8, choke valve 9, Condensing units 10, drip tray 11, blower fan 12, fruits and vegetables frame 14, first evaporimeter 15, second evaporimeter 16.
Described casing 1 is assembled by polyurethane sheet, the side of casing is provided with fruits and vegetables feeding gate, lower box is provided with feet, and four edges along circulated air traffic direction in casing are provided with flow deflector 5, to reduce circulated air resistance and to reduce casing Inner eycle wind dead band; Box house is divided into fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber and air-handling chamber by described dividing plate 2, offers return air inlet 3, offer air outlet 13 below dividing plate above described dividing plate 2; The outlet of described Condensing units 10 is connected with the first evaporimeter 15 entrance and the second evaporimeter 16 entrance respectively, connecting line installs choke valve 9 near the position of Condensing units, the pipeline of choke valve 9 to the first evaporimeter 15 entrance is installed the first electromagnet cut off valve 7, the pipeline of choke valve 9 to the second evaporimeter 16 entrance is installed the second electromagnet cut off valve 8; The outlet of the first evaporimeter 15 and the outlet of the second evaporimeter 16 are connected with the entrance of Condensing units 10 respectively; R502 cold-producing medium is charged in the circulation line that Condensing units 10, first evaporimeter 15 and the second evaporimeter 16 form; The air-treatment that described first evaporimeter 15 and the second evaporimeter 16 mounted on top are arranged in casing 1 is indoor; Described Condensing units 10 is arranged on the outside of casing 1; Described first evaporimeter 15 and the second evaporimeter 16 adopt fin-tube heat exchanger, heat exchanger fin are provided with defrosting heat tape; Described blower fan 12 is arranged on the lower position of described two evaporimeters; Described drip tray 11 is arranged on the ground of air-handling chamber in casing 1, and drip tray 11 is connected to drainpipe, and it is outside that drainpipe leads to casing 1; Described temperature sensor 4 is placed on for detecting box interior temperature in casing 1, and temperature sensor 4 is connected with described controller 6, and described controller 6 is connected with the first electromagnet cut off valve 7, second electromagnet cut off valve 8, Condensing units 10 and blower fan 12 simultaneously; Described fruits and vegetables frame 14 adopts food-grade corrosion resistant plate to weld, and corrosion resistant plate offers some airing holes, and fruits and vegetables frame bottom is provided with pulley.
Operation principle of the present utility model: as shown in Figure 3, after fruits and vegetables quick-frozen operation starts, controller 6 outputs signal unlatching first electromagnet cut off valve 7, first first evaporimeter 15 is put into operation, Condensing units 10 drives internal refrigeration storage agent to circulate, the heat of box house is constantly absorbed at the first evaporimeter 15 place, when after plant running a period of time first evaporimeter 15 frosting, close the first electromagnet cut off valve 7, open the second electromagnet cut off valve 8, first evaporimeter 15 is out of service starts defrosting, and now the second evaporimeter 16 puts into operation; And so forth, the first evaporimeter 15 and the second evaporimeter 16 alternately freeze and Defrost operation.Defrosting melt water drops to drip tray 11 place, leads to casing outside by the drainpipe on drip tray 11.Cold wind in casing 1 enters fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber by the air outlet 13 of dividing plate 2 bottom under the effect of blower fan 12, by fruits and vegetables frame 14 upwards percolation cooling fruits and vegetables, and returns air-handling chamber by the return air inlet 3 above dividing plate.
Fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant described in the utility model adopts percolation air supply mode, and fruits and vegetables are slight fluctuation under circulation wind action, realizes fluidising effect, makes fruits and vegetables and cold wind close contact, and avoids problem inter-adhesive in fruits and vegetables quick-frozen process.In addition, adopt two evaporation alternate run pattern, avoid because evaporator defrost causes device to shut down phenomenon, improve fruits and vegetables quick-frozen production efficiency.It is rapid that device has quick-frozen, and quick-frozen uniform in effect, can realize the features such as continuous operations.
Although be described the utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings above; but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned detailed description of the invention; above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only schematic; instead of it is restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present utility model; when not departing from the utility model aim, can also make a lot of distortion, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant, is characterized in that: comprise casing, dividing plate, controller and Condensing units; Described box house is fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber and air-handling chamber by described baffle for separating; Offer return air inlet above described dividing plate, below dividing plate, offer air outlet;
Described fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber inside is provided with fruits and vegetables frame;
Described air-treatment chamber interior comprises temperature sensor, the first evaporimeter, the second evaporimeter and blower fan; Described blower fan is positioned at below the first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter;
Described Condensing units, the first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter all include outlet and entrance;
The outlet of described Condensing units is parallel with the first branch road and the second branch road with described first evaporator inlet and the second evaporator inlet by pipeline respectively;
Described first branch road is provided with the first electromagnet cut off valve;
Described second branch road is provided with the second electromagnet cut off valve;
The outlet of described first evaporimeter and the outlet of the second evaporimeter are connected by pipeline with the entrance of Condensing units respectively;
Described controller is connected with described temperature sensor, the first electromagnet cut off valve, the second electromagnet cut off valve, Condensing units and blower fan respectively.
2. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the side that described fruits and vegetables refrigerating chamber is relative with dividing plate is provided with fruits and vegetables feeding gate.
3. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 2, is characterized in that: four edges of described box house are provided with flow deflector.
4. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the exit of described Condensing units is provided with choke valve, is connected respectively by described choke valve with described first branch road with the second branch road.
5. the fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to any one of claim 1-4, is characterized in that: the ground, bottom of described air-handling chamber is provided with drip tray; Described drip tray is connected with drainpipe, and described drainpipe leads to casing outside.
6. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described fruits and vegetables frame is made up of multilayer corrosion resistant plate with holes.
7. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter adopt fin-tube heat exchanger respectively; The fin of described fin-tube heat exchanger is respectively arranged with defrosting heat tape.
8. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described fruits and vegetables frame bottom is provided with pulley.
9. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described lower box is provided with feet.
10. fluidized bed type fruits and vegetables quick-freezing plant according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described first evaporimeter and the second evaporimeter adopt mounted on top mode to be arranged on described air-treatment chamber interior.
CN201520464080.6U 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 Fluid -bed fruit vegetables quick -freezing installation Expired - Fee Related CN204830646U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520464080.6U CN204830646U (en) 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 Fluid -bed fruit vegetables quick -freezing installation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104976846A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-14 天津市傲绿农副产品集团股份有限公司 Fluidized bed type fruit and vegetable quick-freezing device
CN106123386A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 西安交通大学 A kind of big refrigerating capacity parallel connection double round robin cooling system and control mode thereof
CN107525325A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-29 广西南宁荣威德新能源科技有限公司 A kind of camellia oleifera fruit cold storage plant and cold preserving method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104976846A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-14 天津市傲绿农副产品集团股份有限公司 Fluidized bed type fruit and vegetable quick-freezing device
CN106123386A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-11-16 西安交通大学 A kind of big refrigerating capacity parallel connection double round robin cooling system and control mode thereof
CN106123386B (en) * 2016-06-17 2018-07-03 西安交通大学 A kind of big refrigerating capacity parallel connection double round robin cooling system and its control mode
CN107525325A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-29 广西南宁荣威德新能源科技有限公司 A kind of camellia oleifera fruit cold storage plant and cold preserving method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: No. 3499 Jinbei Highway, Dongli District, Tianjin 300300

Patentee after: Proud green group Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: No. 3499 Jinbei Highway, Dongli District, Tianjin 300300

Patentee before: TIANJIN AOLV AGRICULTURAL & SIDELINE PRODUCTS GROUP CO., LTD.

Address after: No. 3499 Jinbei Highway, Dongli District, Tianjin 300300

Patentee after: Proud green group Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: No. 3499 Jinbei Highway, Dongli District, Tianjin 300300

Patentee before: TIANJIN AOLV AGRICULTURAL & SIDELINE PRODUCTS GROUP CO., LTD.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151202

Termination date: 20190701