CN204825066U - Aluminium cell negative pole rod iron rust cleaning sand mills device - Google Patents

Aluminium cell negative pole rod iron rust cleaning sand mills device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204825066U
CN204825066U CN201520591704.0U CN201520591704U CN204825066U CN 204825066 U CN204825066 U CN 204825066U CN 201520591704 U CN201520591704 U CN 201520591704U CN 204825066 U CN204825066 U CN 204825066U
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China
Prior art keywords
sand
sand milling
sandblasting
unit
rust cleaning
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520591704.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘传辉
石生猛
龚学德
王应其
黄忠拾
王宁
陈旋
牙建国
卢定勇
姚敦义
李有宁
农善能
黄贵成
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GUANGXI BAISE YINHAI ALUMINUM CO Ltd
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GUANGXI BAISE YINHAI ALUMINUM CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201520591704.0U priority Critical patent/CN204825066U/en
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Publication of CN204825066U publication Critical patent/CN204825066U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides an aluminium cell negative pole rod iron rust cleaning sand mills device belongs to the belt cleaning device field, mill unit, sandblast cabin and dust removal unit including air feeder, sand, air feeder mills the unit through trachea and sand and links to each other, sand mills the unit and includes the sandblast pipe, and the one end of this sandblast pipe is extended the sandblast under -deck and is connected with sand and mills the shower nozzle, the sandblast under -deck is equipped with the support, is equipped with conveyer on this support, sand mills on the shower nozzle is fixed in the support, and this sand mills the shower nozzle orientation conveyer, it removes dust to be equipped with between sandblast cabin and the dust removal unit manages, and the pipe that should remove dust is all sealed continuous with sandblast cabin and dust removal unit. This kind of sand mills the device can be got rid of workpiece surface's rusty stain fast thoroughly, and its structural design is rationally ingenious, and degree of automation is high, and the running cost is low, can reduce cost in business, improves the income.

Description

A kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to washing unit field, in particular to a kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus.
Background technology
Electrolyzer is one of equipment commonly used in industrial production, especially aluminium cell; Electrolyzer needs to use cathode steel bar in the process used.
The cathode steel bar of electrolyzer can get rusty in production, transport process, and electrolytic aluminium plant can eliminate rust by anticathode rod iron before assembling negative electrode; The cathode steel bar got rusty is put into acidic solution immersion and is carried out acid pickling and rust removing by traditional rust cleaning mode, but in the last few years along with country is to the pay attention to day by day of environmental protection, pharmaceutical chemicals after a procedure handling problems has become a great problem of pendulum in face of enterprise.Therefore traditional rust cleaning mode more and more can not adapt to the industrial requirement of modernization.
There are some sand milling apparatus in recent years, carried out sand milling by sand milling apparatus anticathode rod iron, this sand milling apparatus novel structure, and can eliminate rust by anticathode rod iron preferably, and substantially can not to environment.But existing sand milling apparatus design is unreasonable, causes sand milling efficiency low, can not meet the demand of actual production.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, is intended to improve the problems referred to above.
The utility model is achieved in that
A kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, comprises air feeder, sand milling unit, sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit; Described air feeder is connected with sand milling unit by tracheae, described sand milling unit comprises blast tube, one end of this blast tube to be extended in sandblasting cabin and is connected with sand milling shower nozzle, support is provided with in described sandblasting cabin, this support is provided with transport unit, described sand milling shower nozzle is fixed on support, and this sand milling shower nozzle is towards described transport unit; Be provided with dust removing tube between described sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit, this dust removing tube all seals with sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit and is connected.
The sand milling apparatus of this structure can realize the sand miller work of other workpiece such as anticathode rod iron, and the rusty stain of removing workpiece surface, what workpiece was become again is bright and clean.And this sand milling apparatus reasonable in design, compact construction, overall tightness is good, and power is abundant, can meet the demand of modern production.
Further, described sand milling shower nozzle has two, and two sand milling shower nozzles are symmetrically set in the both sides of support along the length direction of transport unit.In sand milling process, two shower nozzles carry out sand milling to the both sides of workpiece respectively, enable whole workpiece complete rust cleaning up hill and dale.And symmetrically arranged sand milling shower nozzle makes the stressed comparatively stable of support and transport unit, there will not be and rocks, make the workpiece stability under loading that support transmits, can not offset because of the reactive force of the steel sand of certain side at sand milling process medium-height trestle simultaneously.
Further, described tracheae comprises the first take-off pipe and the second take-off pipe, and described first take-off pipe is connected to top or the sidepiece of sand milling unit, and described second take-off pipe is connected to the sidepiece of blast tube.The airflow function of the first take-off pipe blowout, in the upper surface of steel sand, provides certain downward pressure to steel sand, and the steel sand of airflow function in blast tube of the second take-off pipe blowout, enables steel sand move forward along blast tube rapidly.Two take-off pipes interact, and the steel sand Quick uniform in sand milling unit can be enable stably to flow out.
Further, the bottom of described sand milling unit and dust removal unit is funnel-form.The sand milling unit of this structure and dust removal unit are more conducive to the stable of steel sand.
Further, described sand milling shower nozzle comprises into sand portion and sandblasting portion, described enter sand portion comprise into sand end and inboardend, described sandblasting portion comprises installation end and sandblasting end, described enter sand portion pass through to seal into sand end with blast tube to be connected, described in enter sand portion and sandblasting portion and be connected by inboardend and installation end sealing; Described enter sand portion and sandblasting portion be hollow structure, the profile of the internal structure in described sandblasting portion is rectangle, and its section area increases progressively to sandblasting is linear from installation end.The sand milling shower nozzle of this structure can remove the rusty stain of workpiece surface fast up hill and dale, improves sand milling efficiency, reduces sand milling cost.
Further, described sandblasting portion comprises the left plate, top board, right side plate and the base plate that are connected successively, and described left plate and right side plate are rectangle, and described top board and base plate are isosceles trapezoid.The sandblasting bilge construction of this structure is simple, easy to make; The top board of isosceles trapezoidal structure and base plate enable steel sand eject equably.
Further, the inside in described sandblasting portion is provided with distributing damper, and distributing damper is all connected with described top board and base plate; Described distributing damper has two pieces, and two pieces of distributing damper intervals are arranged, and be arranged in parallel near the distributing damper of left plate and left plate, and two pieces of distributing dampers are symmetrical arranged about the medullary ray in sandblasting portion.
Further, the bottom of described support is connected with funnelform deflector chute, described sand milling unit comprises sand-spraying pot and is located at the discharge funnel above sand-spraying pot, e Foerderanlage is provided with between described deflector chute and discharge funnel, the below of deflector chute is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel.
This circulation makes steel sand can repeat to be utilized, and makes this sand milling machine not need artificial regularly in sand-spraying pot, to add steel sand in sand milling process, can automatic operation for a long time.
Further, described dust removal unit is connected with sand milling unit by the recycle system, and the steel sand in dust removal unit can be delivered in sand-spraying pot by this recycle system.Possess the sand milling machine of the recycle system, can steel sand in dust removal unit sent back in sand-spraying pot, steel sand is circulated up hill and dale in sand milling machine.Concrete recycle system those skilled in the art can rule of thumb design.
Further, the described recycle system comprises the circulation tube connecting dust removal unit, and described sandblasting cabin comprises the cage be arranged on support, this cage is bilayer structure, be provided with opening bottom it, this opening is positioned at the top of described deflector chute, and described circulation tube is connected with described cage.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that the utility model is obtained by above-mentioned design, up hill and dale the rusty stain of workpiece surface can be removed fast, and its reasonable in design is ingenious, level of automation is high, running cost is low, can enterprise cost be reduced, improve income.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment below, be to be understood that, the following drawings illustrate only some embodiment of the present utility model, therefore the restriction to scope should be counted as, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other relevant accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the front view of sandblasting cabin internal structure in the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of sandblasting cabin internal structure in the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the upward view of cage in the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of e Foerderanlage in the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 6 is the front view of e Foerderanlage in the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the front view of the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus medium sand milling shower nozzle that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 8 is the sectional view of the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus medium sand milling shower nozzle that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 9 is the upward view of the aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus medium sand milling shower nozzle that the utility model embodiment provides.
Figure acceptance of the bid note is respectively:
Enter sand portion 101; Sandblasting portion 102; Enter sand end 103; Sandblasting end 104; Left plate 105; Top board 106; Right side plate 107; Base plate 108; Distributing damper 109;
Air feeder 201; Sand milling unit 202; Sandblasting cabin 203; Dust removal unit 204; Tracheae 205; Blast tube 206; Sand milling shower nozzle 207; Support 208; Dust removing tube 209; First take-off pipe 210; Second take-off pipe 211; Deflector chute 212; Sand-spraying pot 213; Discharge funnel 214; Circulation tube 215; Cage 216; Send cylinder 217; Conveying belt 218; Back up pad 219; Gather materials plate 220; Conveying roller 221.
Embodiment
For making the object of the utility model embodiment, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.Therefore, below to the detailed description of the embodiment of the present utility model provided in the accompanying drawings and the claimed scope of the present utility model of not intended to be limiting, but selected embodiment of the present utility model is only represented.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", " outward ", " clockwise ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the equipment of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In description of the present utility model, the implication of " multiple " is two or more, unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or integral; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood as the case may be.
In the utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Refer to Fig. 1-Fig. 9
The aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus that present embodiment provides, comprises air feeder 201, sand milling unit 202, sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204; Described air feeder 201 is connected with sand milling unit 202 by tracheae 205, described sand milling unit 202 comprises blast tube 206, one end of this blast tube 206 to be extended in sandblasting cabin 203 and is connected with sand milling shower nozzle 207, support 208 is provided with in described sandblasting cabin 203, this support 208 is provided with transport unit, described sand milling shower nozzle 207 is fixed on support 208, and this sand milling shower nozzle 207 is towards described transport unit; Be provided with dust removing tube 209 between described sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204, this dust removing tube 209 all seals with sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204 and is connected.
This aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus is called for short sand milling apparatus (or being sand milling machine), is mainly used in sand milling cathode steel bar, also may be used for other workpiece of sand milling.Air feeder 201 provides high-voltage high-speed gas for giving sand milling machine; Sand milling unit 202 is the groundwork mechanism of sand milling machine, steel sand is equipped with in sand milling unit 202 inside, air feeder 201 is connected with sand milling unit 202 by tracheae 205, sand milling unit 202 is connected with blast tube 206, and the end of blast tube 206 is connected with sand milling shower nozzle 207, operationally, air feeder 201 is to sand milling unit 202 air feed, steel sand in sand milling unit 202 is flowed along blast tube 206 with higher speed, and then sprays from sand milling shower nozzle 207, sand milling is carried out to workpiece.
Sandblasting cabin 203 is the groundwork region of sand milling machine, and whole sandblasting is operated in sandblasting cabin 203 and completes, and the steel sand that sandblasting cabin 203 makes sand milling shower nozzle 207 spray can not splashes, is located at sandblasting cabin 203 inner.
Support 208 is for supporting transport unit, and transport unit is used for conveying work pieces; The sand milling shower nozzle 207 of sand milling unit 202 to stretch in sandblasting cabin 203 and is fixed on support 208, and makes its opening towards transport unit.Operationally, workpiece one by one moves forward from transport unit, and sand milling shower nozzle 207 constantly sprays steel sand, carries out sand milling to each workpiece.
Dust removal unit 204 is connected with sandblasting cabin 203, for collecting the steel sand splashed in sandblasting cabin 203.Although the steel sand major part of sand milling shower nozzle 207 ejection can fall in deflector chute 212, also some can splash, and falls into elsewhere, if this part steel sand is not collected, then the steel sand be scattered in sandblasting cabin 203 can be caused to get more and more.
The effect of dust removal unit 204 is to collect the steel sand be scattered in sandblasting cabin 203, and its concrete structure those skilled in the art according to the actual requirements can Design and Machining, and not needing to pay performing creative labour can draw.
Therefore, the sand milling apparatus of this structure can realize the sand miller work of other workpiece such as anticathode rod iron, and the rusty stain of removing workpiece surface, what workpiece was become again is bright and clean.And this sand milling apparatus reasonable in design, compact construction, overall tightness is good, and power is abundant, can meet the demand of modern production.
Preferably, described sand milling shower nozzle 207 has two, and two sand milling shower nozzles 207 are symmetrically set in the both sides of support 208 along the length direction of transport unit.In sand milling process, two shower nozzles carry out sand milling to the both sides of workpiece respectively, enable whole workpiece complete rust cleaning up hill and dale.And symmetrically arranged sand milling shower nozzle 207 makes the stressed comparatively stable of support 208 and transport unit, there will not be rock at sand milling process medium-height trestle 208, make the workpiece stability under loading that support 208 transmits simultaneously, can not offset because of the reactive force of the steel sand of certain side.
Preferably, described tracheae 205 comprises the first take-off pipe 210 and the second take-off pipe 211, and described first take-off pipe 210 is connected to top or the sidepiece of sand milling unit 202, and described second take-off pipe 211 is connected to the sidepiece of blast tube 206.
As shown in Figure 1, the airflow function that first take-off pipe 210 blows out is in the upper surface of steel sand, there is provided certain downward pressure to steel sand, the steel sand of airflow function in blast tube 206 that the second take-off pipe 211 blows out, steel sand is moved forward along blast tube 206 rapidly.Two take-off pipes interact, and the steel sand Quick uniform in sand milling unit 202 can be enable stably to flow out.
Alternatively, the bottom of described sand milling unit 202 and dust removal unit 204 is funnel-form.The sand milling unit 202 of this structure and dust removal unit 204 are more conducive to the stable of steel sand.
In some specific embodiments, sand milling shower nozzle 207 is designs like this: sand milling shower nozzle 207 comprises into sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102, described enter sand portion 101 comprise into sand end 103 and inboardend, described sandblasting portion 102 comprises installation end and sandblasting end 104, described in enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 and be connected by inboardend and installation end sealing; Described enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 be hollow structure, the profile of the internal structure in described sandblasting portion 102 is rectangle, and its section area from installation end to sandblasting end 104 linear increment.
It enters sand portion 101 and is connected with blast tube 206, enables the steel sand in sand milling unit 202 enter in sand milling shower nozzle 207, and sandblasting portion 102 is for spraying steel sand to cathode steel bar.
The profile of the internal structure in sandblasting portion 102 is rectangle, and the steel sand making it spray is elongated strip shaped, when arranging sand milling shower nozzle 207, makes the transporting direction of the length direction in sandblasting portion 102 and workpiece perpendicular; During making, make the length in sandblasting portion 102 consistent with the height of workpiece or higher than the height of workpiece.
In sand milling process, workpiece moves from the opening part in sandblasting portion 102 along a direction, the steel sand of elongated strip shaped is when being ejected on workpiece, substantially can top to the bottom gamut of coating workpieces, along with the operation of workpiece, whole workpiece all can be ejected into by steel sand, workpiece is cleaned up hill and dale.
The section area in sandblasting portion 102 to sandblasting end 104 linear increment, makes steel sand be subject to larger pressure in the inside of shower nozzle from installation end, can spray with higher speed.
The shape entering the profile in sand portion 101 can be rectangle, circle or square.
Therefore, the sand milling shower nozzle 207 of this structure can remove the rusty stain of workpiece surface fast up hill and dale, improves sand milling efficiency, reduces sand milling cost.
Particularly, as shown in the figure, sandblasting portion 102 comprises the left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and the base plate 108 that are connected successively, and described left plate 105 and right side plate 107 are rectangle, and described top board 106 and base plate 108 are isosceles trapezoid.Sandblasting portion 102 structure of this structure is simple, easy to make; Top board 106 and the base plate 108 of isosceles trapezoidal structure enable steel sand eject equably.
In order to enable steel sand more uniformly eject, be provided with distributing damper 109 in the inside in sandblasting portion 102, this distributing damper 109 is all connected with described top board 106 and base plate 108.
Distributing damper 109 has the effect of shunting, and steel sand, at sandblasting portion 102 internal motion, runs into the barrier effect of distributing damper 109, can flow to the different both sides of distributing damper 109 respectively.If distributing damper 109 has multiple, then steel sand can be made to be divided into multiply to spray, mutually blending after the ejection of multiply steel sand, formed evenly steel sand stream, enable workpiece better by sand milling.
Preferably, described distributing damper 109 has two pieces, and two pieces of distributing damper 109 intervals are arranged, and distributing damper 109 and left plate 105 near left plate 105 be arranged in parallel, and two pieces of distributing dampers 109 are symmetrical arranged about the medullary ray in sandblasting portion 102.Steel sand is divided into three strands by two pieces of distributing dampers 109, respectively from the top in sandblasting portion 102, middle part and bottom ejection.Because two pieces of distributing dampers 109 are symmetrical arranged, the distributing damper 109 therefore near right side plate 107 is also parallel to each other with right side plate 107.
More preferably, the distributing damper 109 near left plate 105 is consistent with the vertical range between left plate 105 and the closest range between two pieces of distributing dampers 109.
Distance in closest range between two pieces of distributing dampers 109 and accompanying drawing 8 between two pieces of distributing damper 109 upper ends, because the medullary ray of two pieces of distributing dampers 109 about sandblasting portion 102 is symmetrical arranged, therefore make to cause near these three size uniformity of vertical range between the distributing damper 109 and right side plate 107 of the closest range between the vertical range between the distributing damper 109 and left plate 105 of left plate 105, two pieces of distributing dampers 109, close right side plate 107, make each position of workpiece substantially can be ejected into the steel sand of equivalent like this, make the better effects if of sand milling.
This sand milling shower nozzle 207 is mainly used in sand milling cathode steel bar, although have difference in the cathode steel bar size model that industrial circle is conventional, is mostly in certain limit.
For this reason, preferably, the length of sandblasting end 104 is 150-210mm, and its width is 3-8mm.The shower nozzle of this size can match with cathode steel bar better.Because the diameter of steel sand is generally about 1mm, the length of sandblasting end 104 is more preferably 180mm for this reason, and width is 5mm.
In order to the quality making shower nozzle is more firm, left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and base plate 108 all adopt thickness to be that the stainless steel of 3-6mm is made.Be preferably the stainless steel of 5mm.Make the stabilized structure of shower nozzle like this, the life-span is longer.
Further, left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and base plate 108 by being weldingly connected, described in enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 also by being weldingly connected.This mode of connection is simple, and cost is lower, and stable connection.
Although the steel sand in sandblasting cabin 203 can be disposed in time by dust removal unit 204, the jet velocity of steel sand is comparatively large, and the steel sand in the unit of sand milling in the short period of time 202 will run out, and needs manually to add steel sand, is unfavorable for automatic production like this.
For this reason, funnelform deflector chute 212 is connected with in the bottom of support 208, described sand milling unit 202 comprises sand-spraying pot 213 and is located at the discharge funnel 214 above sand-spraying pot 213, e Foerderanlage is provided with between described deflector chute 212 and discharge funnel 214, the below of deflector chute 212 is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel 214.
Sand-spraying pot 213 is the parts storing steel sand, and connects blast tube 206, outwards exports steel sand.Discharge funnel 214 is accessory, for adding steel sand in sand-spraying pot 213.
The steel sand major part of sand milling shower nozzle 207 ejection can move downward, and enters in the deflector chute 212 of setting bottom support 208.Between deflector chute 212 and discharge funnel 214, be provided with e Foerderanlage, the below of deflector chute 212 is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel 214; The steel sand entering deflector chute 212 moves downward and falls on e Foerderanlage, along with the operation of e Foerderanlage, is transported in discharge funnel 214 by this part steel sand, and finally gets back in sand-spraying pot 213.Material is thus formed the circulation of a steel sand motion: sand-spraying pot 213-blast tube 206-sand milling shower nozzle 207-deflector chute 212-e Foerderanlage-discharge funnel 214-sand-spraying pot 213.
This circulation makes steel sand can repeat to be utilized, and makes this sand milling machine not need artificial regularly in sand-spraying pot 213, to add steel sand in sand milling process, can automatic operation for a long time.
Preferably, the cross section of deflector chute 212 is rectangle, and the both sides of deflector chute 212 are connected to the both sides of support 208.Deflector chute 212 is funnel-form, and its cross section successively decreases from top to bottom, and deflector chute 212 makes gap therebetween less with this mode of connection of support 208, and the steel sand that sand milling shower nozzle 207 is sprayed is as much as possible to be fallen in deflector chute 212.
Further, dust removal unit 204 is connected with sand milling unit 202 by the recycle system, and the steel sand in dust removal unit 204 can be delivered in sand-spraying pot 213 by this recycle system.
Dust removal unit 204 have collected the steel sand be scattered in sandblasting cabin 203, time has been grown and also can get more and more, steel sand in sand-spraying pot 213 then can be fewer and feweri, needs to be moved in sand-spraying pot 213 by the steel sand in dust removal unit 204 artificially, is unfavorable for the automatization of producing.
Possess the sand milling machine of the recycle system, steel sand in dust removal unit 204 can have been sent back in sand-spraying pot 213, steel sand is circulated up hill and dale in sand milling machine.Concrete recycle system those skilled in the art can rule of thumb design.
In some specific embodiments, the recycle system is design like this: the recycle system comprises the circulation tube 215 connecting dust removal unit 204, described sandblasting cabin 203 comprises the cage 216 be arranged on support 208, this cage 216 is bilayer structure, opening is provided with bottom it, this opening is positioned at the top of described deflector chute 212, and described circulation tube 215 is connected with described cage 216.
Circulation tube 215 is connected with dust removal unit 204, for extracting the steel sand stored in dust removal unit 204 out, specifically can arrange the power-equipment such as recycle pump, compressor in dusting machine, enables that steel sand is dynamic to be entered in circulation tube 215.Cage 216 is arranged on support 208, and circulation tube 215 is connected with cage 216, the steel sand in circulation tube 215 is entered in cage 216, and falls in deflector chute 212 from the opening bottom it, enters through e Foerderanlage and gets back in sand-spraying pot 213.Cage 216 is arranged on herein, be not only one of passage of steel sand circulation, and the effect preventing steel sand from splashing can also be played, the steel sand major part that sand milling shower nozzle 207 is sprayed drops in deflector chute 212, make the steel sand that is scattered in sandblasting cabin 203 less, reduce the working strength of dust removal unit 204, reduce energy consumption, increase the benefit.
In order to enable workpiece through cage 216 and successfully move forward, the left and right sides (direction shown in Fig. 2) of cage 216 need arrange opening; In order to make the sand milling shower nozzle 207 be arranged on support 208 can be sprayed onto on workpiece by steel sand, the both sides, front and back of cage 216 also need to arrange opening, as shown in drawings.
The circulation system design of this structure is very ingenious, and cage 216 wherein serves two kinds of very important effects, enables steel sand in sand milling machine internal recycling.This recycle system make use of the deflector chute 212 of feed system, and connects deflector chute 212 and the e Foerderanlage of discharge funnel 214, makes whole recycle system materials less, cost is lower, and making whole sand milling machine more compact structure, floor space is less, is conducive to the planning construction of manufacturer.
In addition, in actual application, one group of sand milling unit 202 may connect multiple sandblasting cabin 203, and the recycle system of this structure very significantly can reduce the cost of whole sand milling machine, brings qualitative leap to whole industry.
The object of e Foerderanlage is the steel sand that deflector chute 212 falls to be delivered to discharge funnel 214, its concrete structure can be design like this: e Foerderanlage comprises two conveying cylinders 217 be arranged in parallel, and being set in the conveying belt 218 of conveying cylinder 217 outside, this e Foerderanlage is obliquely installed.
The transport conveyor constructions of this structure is simple and practical, and cost is lower.
Alternatively, between two described conveying cylinders 217, be provided with back up pad 219, this back up pad 219 fits with described conveying belt 218.Back up pad 219 is arranged between conveying cylinder 217, and fits with conveying belt 218, can play the effect of support belt 218, and conveying belt 218 can not be crushed by steel sand in the process of transmission.
Preferably, the working face of described conveying belt 218 is interval with multiple plate 220 that gathers materials.Gathering materials plate 220 for collecting steel sand, making steel sand can not landing downwards on conveying belt 218, can successfully arrive in discharge funnel 214.Those skilled in the art can design concrete shape and the position of the plate 220 that gathers materials according to practical situation.
In some specific embodiments, the plate 220 that gathers materials described in each is arc, and its intrados is towards the transporting direction of conveying belt 218, and each plate 220 that gathers materials is symmetrical about the medullary ray of conveying belt 218.
As shown in Figure 5, the plate 220 that gathers materials of this arc, defines the groove that is held steel sand, steel sand is stably in and gathers materials on plate 220, can rise reposefully, and then enter in discharge funnel 214 along with the transmission of conveying belt 218.
Transport unit effect is conveying work pieces, makes workpiece be sent to the other end from one end of transport unit.In some specific embodiments, described transport unit comprises multiple conveying roller 221, and multiple conveying roller 221 word order and parallel interval are arranged, and passes through chain drive between every two adjacent conveying rollers 221.The transport unit of this structure can transmit workpiece reposefully.One of them conveying roller 221 by driven by motor, and then drives whole conveying roller 221 to move.
Preferably, the other both sides of deflector chute 212 are all positioned at the below of conveying roller 221.This design makes the stopping property on four limits of deflector chute 212 all relatively good, enables that steel sand is as far as possible many to be entered in deflector chute 212.
For clearly demonstrating the utility model, in present embodiment, list some specific embodiments:
Embodiment 1
A kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, comprises air feeder 201, sand milling unit 202, sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204; Described air feeder 201 is connected with sand milling unit 202 by tracheae 205, described sand milling unit 202 comprises blast tube 206, one end of this blast tube 206 to be extended in sandblasting cabin 203 and is connected with sand milling shower nozzle 207, support 208 is provided with in described sandblasting cabin 203, this support 208 is provided with transport unit, described sand milling shower nozzle 207 is fixed on support 208, and this sand milling shower nozzle 207 is towards described transport unit, sand milling shower nozzle 207 has two, and two sand milling shower nozzles 207 are symmetrically set in the both sides of support 208 along the length direction of transport unit; Be provided with dust removing tube 209 between described sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204, this dust removing tube 209 all seals with sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204 and is connected.The bottom of described sand milling unit 202 and dust removal unit 204 is funnel-form.
Described tracheae 205 comprises the first take-off pipe 210 and the second take-off pipe 211, and described first take-off pipe 210 is connected to top or the sidepiece of sand milling unit 202, and described second take-off pipe 211 is connected to the sidepiece of blast tube 206.
Described sand milling shower nozzle 207 comprises into sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102, described enter sand portion 101 comprise into sand end 103 and inboardend, described sandblasting portion 102 comprises installation end and sandblasting end 104, described enter sand portion 101 pass through to seal into sand end 103 with blast tube 206 to be connected, described in enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 and be connected by inboardend and installation end sealing; Described enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 be hollow structure, the profile of the internal structure in described sandblasting portion 102 is rectangle, and its section area from installation end to sandblasting end 104 linear increment.
Described sandblasting portion 102 comprises the left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and the base plate 108 that are connected successively, and described left plate 105 and right side plate 107 are rectangle, and described top board 106 and base plate 108 are isosceles trapezoid.
The inside in described sandblasting portion 102 is provided with distributing damper 109, and distributing damper 109 is all connected with described top board 106 and base plate 108; Described distributing damper 109 has two pieces, and two pieces of distributing damper 109 intervals are arranged, and distributing damper 109 and left plate 105 near left plate 105 be arranged in parallel, and two pieces of distributing dampers 109 are symmetrical arranged about the medullary ray in sandblasting portion 102.
The bottom of described support 208 is connected with funnelform deflector chute 212, described sand milling unit 202 comprises sand-spraying pot 213 and is located at the discharge funnel 214 above sand-spraying pot 213, e Foerderanlage is provided with between described deflector chute 212 and discharge funnel 214, the below of deflector chute 212 is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel 214.
Described sandblasting cabin 203 comprises the cage 216 be arranged on support 208, this cage 216 is bilayer structure, be provided with opening bottom it, this opening is positioned at the top of described deflector chute 212, is connected with a circulation tube 215 between described dust removal unit 204 and cage 216.
Embodiment 2
A kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, comprises air feeder 201, sand milling unit 202, sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204; Described air feeder 201 is connected with sand milling unit 202 by tracheae 205, described sand milling unit 202 comprises blast tube 206, one end of this blast tube 206 to be extended in sandblasting cabin 203 and is connected with sand milling shower nozzle 207, support 208 is provided with in described sandblasting cabin 203, this support 208 is provided with transport unit, described sand milling shower nozzle 207 is fixed on support 208, and this sand milling shower nozzle 207 is towards described transport unit, sand milling shower nozzle 207 has two, and two sand milling shower nozzles 207 are symmetrically set in the both sides of support 208 along the length direction of transport unit; Be provided with dust removing tube 209 between described sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204, this dust removing tube 209 all seals with sandblasting cabin 203 and dust removal unit 204 and is connected.The bottom of described sand milling unit 202 and dust removal unit 204 is funnel-form.
Described tracheae 205 comprises the first take-off pipe 210 and the second take-off pipe 211, and described first take-off pipe 210 is connected to top or the sidepiece of sand milling unit 202, and described second take-off pipe 211 is connected to the sidepiece of blast tube 206.
Described sand milling shower nozzle 207 comprises into sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102, described enter sand portion 101 comprise into sand end 103 and inboardend, described sandblasting portion 102 comprises installation end and sandblasting end 104, described enter sand portion 101 pass through to seal into sand end 103 with blast tube 206 to be connected, described in enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 and be connected by inboardend and installation end sealing; Described enter sand portion 101 and sandblasting portion 102 be hollow structure, the profile of the internal structure in described sandblasting portion 102 is rectangle, and its section area from installation end to sandblasting end 104 linear increment.
Described sandblasting portion 102 comprises the left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and the base plate 108 that are connected successively, and described left plate 105 and right side plate 107 are rectangle, and described top board 106 and base plate 108 are isosceles trapezoid.
The inside in described sandblasting portion 102 is provided with distributing damper 109, and distributing damper 109 is all connected with described top board 106 and base plate 108; Described distributing damper 109 has two pieces, and two pieces of distributing damper 109 intervals are arranged, and distributing damper 109 and left plate 105 near left plate 105 be arranged in parallel, and two pieces of distributing dampers 109 are symmetrical arranged about the medullary ray in sandblasting portion 102.
Distributing damper 109 near left plate 105 is consistent with the vertical range between left plate 105 and the closest range between two pieces of distributing dampers 109.The length of described sandblasting end 104 is 180mm, and its width is 5mm.Described left plate 105, top board 106, right side plate 107 and base plate 108 all adopt thickness to be that the stainless steel of 5mm is made.
The bottom of described support 208 is connected with funnelform deflector chute 212, described sand milling unit 202 comprises sand-spraying pot 213 and is located at the discharge funnel 214 above sand-spraying pot 213, e Foerderanlage is provided with between described deflector chute 212 and discharge funnel 214, the below of deflector chute 212 is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel 214.
Described sandblasting cabin 203 comprises the cage 216 be arranged on support 208, this cage 216 is bilayer structure, be provided with opening bottom it, this opening is positioned at the top of described deflector chute 212, is connected with a circulation tube 215 between described dust removal unit 204 and cage 216.
Described e Foerderanlage comprises two conveying cylinders 217 be arranged in parallel, and is set in the conveying belt 218 of conveying cylinder 217 outside, and this e Foerderanlage is obliquely installed.Be provided with back up pad 219 between two described conveying cylinders 217, this back up pad 219 fits with described conveying belt 218.The working face of described conveying belt 218 is interval with multiple plate 220 that gathers materials.The plate 220 that gathers materials described in each is arc, and its intrados is towards the transporting direction of conveying belt 218, and each plate 220 that gathers materials is symmetrical about the medullary ray of conveying belt 218.
Transport unit comprises multiple conveying roller 221, and multiple conveying roller 221 word order and parallel interval are arranged, and passes through chain drive between every two adjacent conveying rollers 221.The other both sides of described deflector chute 212 are all positioned at the below of conveying roller 221.
The aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus obtained by above-mentioned design, can be removed by the rusty stain of workpiece surface up hill and dale fast, and its reasonable in design is ingenious, level of automation is high, and running cost is low, can reduce enterprise cost, improves income.
The foregoing is only preferred implementation of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, is characterized in that, comprise air feeder, sand milling unit, sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit; Described air feeder is connected with sand milling unit by tracheae, described sand milling unit comprises blast tube, one end of this blast tube to be extended in sandblasting cabin and is connected with sand milling shower nozzle, support is provided with in described sandblasting cabin, this support is provided with transport unit, described sand milling shower nozzle is fixed on support, and this sand milling shower nozzle is towards described transport unit; Be provided with dust removing tube between described sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit, this dust removing tube all seals with sandblasting cabin and dust removal unit and is connected.
2. aluminum cell cathode steel bar according to claim 1 rust cleaning sand milling apparatus, it is characterized in that, described sand milling shower nozzle has two, and two sand milling shower nozzles are symmetrically set in the both sides of support along the length direction of transport unit.
3. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described tracheae comprises the first take-off pipe and the second take-off pipe, and described first take-off pipe is connected to top or the sidepiece of sand milling unit, and described second take-off pipe is connected to the sidepiece of blast tube.
4. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described sand milling unit and dust removal unit is funnel-form.
5. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sand milling shower nozzle comprises into sand portion and sandblasting portion, described enter sand portion comprise into sand end and inboardend, described sandblasting portion comprises installation end and sandblasting end, described enter sand portion pass through to seal into sand end with blast tube to be connected, described in enter sand portion and sandblasting portion and be connected by inboardend and installation end sealing; Described enter sand portion and sandblasting portion be hollow structure, the profile of the internal structure in described sandblasting portion is rectangle, and its section area increases progressively to sandblasting is linear from installation end.
6. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described sandblasting portion comprises the left plate, top board, right side plate and the base plate that are connected successively, and described left plate and right side plate are rectangle, and described top board and base plate are isosceles trapezoid.
7. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the inside in described sandblasting portion is provided with distributing damper, and distributing damper is all connected with described top board and base plate; Described distributing damper has two pieces, and two pieces of distributing damper intervals are arranged, and be arranged in parallel near the distributing damper of left plate and left plate, and two pieces of distributing dampers are symmetrical arranged about the medullary ray in sandblasting portion.
8. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described support is connected with funnelform deflector chute, described sand milling unit comprises sand-spraying pot and is located at the discharge funnel above sand-spraying pot, e Foerderanlage is provided with between described deflector chute and discharge funnel, the below of deflector chute is located in one end of this e Foerderanlage, and the other end is connected with discharge funnel.
9. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described dust removal unit is connected with sand milling unit by the recycle system, and the steel sand in dust removal unit can be delivered in sand-spraying pot by this recycle system.
10. aluminum cell cathode steel bar rust cleaning sand milling apparatus according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the described recycle system comprises the circulation tube connecting dust removal unit, described sandblasting cabin comprises the cage be arranged on support, this cage is bilayer structure, be provided with opening bottom it, this opening is positioned at the top of described deflector chute, and described circulation tube is connected with described cage.
CN201520591704.0U 2015-08-07 2015-08-07 Aluminium cell negative pole rod iron rust cleaning sand mills device Withdrawn - After Issue CN204825066U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105018968A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-04 广西百色银海铝业有限责任公司 Rust removing sand milling device for cathode steel bar of aluminum electrolysis cell

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105018968A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-11-04 广西百色银海铝业有限责任公司 Rust removing sand milling device for cathode steel bar of aluminum electrolysis cell
CN105018968B (en) * 2015-08-07 2018-01-09 广西百色银海铝业有限责任公司 A kind of aluminum cell cathode steel bar derusting sand milling apparatus

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