CN204757402U - Two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater - Google Patents

Two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204757402U
CN204757402U CN201520548878.9U CN201520548878U CN204757402U CN 204757402 U CN204757402 U CN 204757402U CN 201520548878 U CN201520548878 U CN 201520548878U CN 204757402 U CN204757402 U CN 204757402U
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water
storehouse
heating cabinet
heater
heating
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CN201520548878.9U
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李井春
韦启勇
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李井春
韦启勇
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater, including the heat collector, with the holding water box and the control unit of heat collector intercommunication, holding water box splits into heated warehouses and water storehouse, the upper portion installation intercommunication heated warehouses of insulating layer and the siphunculus of water storehouse through the insulating layer, heated warehouses top installation solenoid valve water inlet and temperature probe, bottom installation detachable heating device, water storehouse top installation water level probe, the bottom sets up the delivery port, control unit respectively with the mutual electric connection of solenoid valve water inlet, temperature probe, heating device and water level probe, but control solenoid water inlet and heating device open and stop. This solar water heater is rational in infrastructure, has reduced the quantity of heating of water to having increased soon rate of heating, having reduced user latency, reduced the energy consumption, and realized real water and electricity separation, the electrical safety performance improves.

Description

Two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar water heater, particularly relates to a kind of two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters.
Background technology
Solar energy generally refers to the emittance of sunshine, and solar energy is a kind of regenerative resource, eco-friendly power source; Solar water heater is a kind of device solar energy being converted into heat energy, by water from low-temperature heat to high temperature, uses to meet the hot water of people in life, production.Solar water heater is once invest in theory, use and do not spend, but practical application is impossible, no matter Anywhere reason is, annual have dark clouds sleety weather and sunshine in winter not enough weather, main by electrical heating water heating under this weather, every annual has the hot water of more than 25% ~ 50% to need completely by electrical heating, and so solar water heater actual power consumption amount is larger than Teat pump boiler; And each heating is all that the water of whole water tank heats together, add heat large, the heat time is long, and can not ensure all to be finished, so cause the wasting of resources further again at every turn.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is for above-mentioned defect of the prior art, and provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, the heat time is short, two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters of using electricity wisely.
For realizing above-mentioned utility model object, the utility model have employed following technical scheme: a kind of two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters, comprise heat collector, the attemperater be communicated with heat collector and control assembly, described attemperater is divided into heating cabinet and water storehouse by thermal insulation layer, and the siphunculus being communicated with heating cabinet and water storehouse is installed on the top of thermal insulation layer; Magnetic valve water inlet and temp probe are installed in heating cabinet top, and dismountable heater is installed in bottom; Water-level probe is installed at water storehouse top, and bottom sets out the mouth of a river; Described control assembly is electrically connected mutually with magnetic valve water inlet, temp probe, heater and water-level probe respectively, can Controlling solenoid valve water inlet and heater start and stop.
In addition, the utility model also provides following attached technical scheme:
Described thermal insulation layer is spray polyurethane foam.
The capacity of described heating cabinet is less than the capacity of described water storehouse.
The sidepiece of described water storehouse also arranges air reducing valve door.
The bottom of described heating cabinet also arranges sewage draining exit.
Described heater is electrothermal tube or air energy interchanger.
Compared to prior art, advantage of the present utility model is: attemperater is divided into heating cabinet and water storehouse by two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters of the present utility model, rational in infrastructure, what decrease water adds heat, thus speeded firing rate, reduce period of reservation of number, decrease energy consumption, and achieve real electricity separation, Electrical Safety performance improves.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of attemperater in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with preferred embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof, technical solutions of the utility model are further non-limitingly described in detail.
Can be found out by the structural representation of Fig. 1, solar water heater of the present utility model includes attemperater 1, the heat collector 2 be interconnected with attemperater 1, support the support 3 of attemperater 1 and heat collector 2, connecting pipe (not shown), and control assembly (not shown), wherein attemperater 1 is the container of water storage, heat collector 2 is the heat collecting elements in system, the heat collector 2 of the present embodiment adopts full-glass solar energy collecting vacuum tube, control assembly has automatic loading water, water is completely cut off the water supply and is shown water temperature and water level, start electrical heating and the functions such as timing, the BF-8805A type temperature that the control assembly of the present embodiment adopts Shenzhen Bi He Electric Applicance Co., Ltd to produce, liquid level, time integrated controller.
Particularly, with further reference to Fig. 2, about 6 centimeters of thick thermal insulation layers 10 are installed in attemperater 1 inside, and its material is spray polyurethane foam, have insulation and water-proof function, carry out heat insulation under being extremely applicable to being positioned at water environment for a long time.Attemperater 1 internal cavities is divided into heating cabinet 11 and water storehouse 12 by thermal insulation layer 10, the capacity ratio of heating cabinet 11 and water storehouse 12 is 1:3 ~ 4, heating cabinet 11 and water storehouse 12 not completely isolated, the siphunculus 47 being communicated with heating cabinet 11 and water storehouse 12 is installed on the top of thermal insulation layer 10, the diameter of this siphunculus 47 is preferably 47mm, material is stainless steel, all sheathed silica gel ring in two ends, for preventing conduction.
Magnetic valve water inlet 21 and temp probe 22 are installed in the top of heating cabinet 11, and wherein, magnetic valve water inlet 21 is communicated with connecting pipe, and cold water enters in heating cabinet 11 therefrom; Temp probe 22 is for detecting the water temperature in heating cabinet 11 in real time.Dismountable heater is installed in the bottom of heating cabinet 11, and this heater is electrothermal tube 23 or air energy interchanger 24, and air energy interchanger 24 adopts air energy fluorine circulation interchanger in the present embodiment.Electrothermal tube 23 and air energy interchanger 24 all can be used for heating the water in heating cabinet 11, according to existing market price, the price of air energy interchanger 24 is far above electrothermal tube 23, but the energy-saving effect of air energy interchanger 24 is equally higher than electrothermal tube 23, therefore, according to user's request, electrothermal tube 23 and the optional one of air energy interchanger 24 use.The bottom of heating cabinet 11 also arranges sewage draining exit 25, discharges the sewage in heating cabinet 11 for timing, and the sewage of discharge also can be used as hot water for subsequent use and uses.
Water-level probe 26 is installed at the top of water storehouse 12, and bottom sets out the mouth of a river 27, and sidepiece installs air reducing valve door 20.Wherein, water-level probe 26 is for detecting the water level in water storehouse 12 in real time; Delivery port 27 is communicated with connecting pipe, is connected with indoor hot water or cold water's pipeline, makes whole system form a closed loop; Air reducing valve door 20 is blasted for preventing attemperater 1 internal pressure excessive.
Control assembly and magnetic valve water inlet 21, temp probe 22, electrothermal tube 23, air energy interchanger 24 and water-level probe 26 are electrically connected mutually, the water temperature information detected and water level information are transferred to control assembly in signal of telecommunication mode by temp probe 22 and water-level probe 26 respectively, control assembly internal preset has water temperature boundary value, water level maximum and water level minimum of a value, the control mode of control assembly have following some:
1, the water level of water storehouse 12 is less than minimum of a value, and when the water temperature of heating cabinet 11 is greater than boundary value, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 starts, heater stop, and cold water enters in heating cabinet 11, and hot water enters in water storehouse 12;
2, the water level of water storehouse 12 is less than minimum of a value, and when the water temperature of heating cabinet 11 is less than boundary value, control assembly controls heater and starts, and magnetic valve water inlet 21 stops, and the water temperature in heating cabinet 11 rises;
3, the water level of water storehouse 12 is between maximum and minimum of a value, and when heating cabinet 11 water temperature is greater than boundary value, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 starts, heater stop, and cold water enters in heating cabinet 11, and hot water enters in water storehouse 12;
4, the water level of water storehouse 12 is between maximum and minimum of a value, and when heating cabinet 11 water temperature is less than boundary value, control assembly controls heater and starts, and magnetic valve water inlet 21 stops, and the water temperature in heating cabinet 11 rises;
5, water storehouse 12 water level maximum, when heating cabinet 11 water temperature is greater than boundary value, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 stops, heater stop;
6, water storehouse 12 water level maximum, when heating cabinet 11 water temperature is less than boundary value, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 stops, heater stop.
Water temperature boundary value is by user's sets itself, but the temperature of having a bath due to optimum is 37 DEG C ~ 42 DEG C, and again because hot water can be lowered the temperature in transportation, therefore, in the present embodiment, water temperature boundary value is decided to be 50 DEG C.Water level maximum is that water storehouse 12 is bought securities with all one's capital, and water level minimum of a value is that water level covered heat collector 2 just.
The course of work is roughly: daytime, and when sunshine is sufficient, heat collector 2 absorbs heat, and after the water heat absorption in pipe, temperature raises, and proportion reduces and rises, and forms a power upwards, forms a thermosiphon system; Hot water constantly on to move and in the heating cabinet 11 being stored in top and water storehouse 12, when temp probe 22 detects that water temperature in heating cabinet 11 is higher than 50 DEG C, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 starts, heating cabinet 11 enters cold water, cold water sinks, and hot water is toward rising and entering in water storehouse 12 by siphunculus 47; When temp probe 22 detects that water temperature in heating cabinet 11 is lower than 50 DEG C, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 stops, and thermal-collecting tube 2 does not stop heat absorption; Circulate according to this, hot water reserves in water storehouse 12 constantly rise, when water-level probe 26 detects that water storehouse 12 is in water level maximum state, even if temp probe 22 detects that water temperature in heating cabinet 11 is higher than 50 DEG C, control assembly also no longer Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 start.During water in evening, water in water storehouse 12 constantly reduces, once water-level probe 26 detects that the water level of water storehouse 12 is less than minimum of a value, control assembly controls heater and starts, once the water temperature in heating cabinet 11 is higher than 50 DEG C, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 starts, and the hot water in heating cabinet 11 enters water storehouse 12, for user.
If when dark clouds sleety weather or deficiency weather at sunshine in winter, when water temperature in heating cabinet 11 is all the time less than 50 DEG C, magnetic valve water inlet 21 does not work, and hot water will do not had to flow into water storehouse 12 from heating cabinet 11, and the water level in water storehouse 12 remains at minimum of a value or slightly larger than minimum of a value.When user opens indoor flowing water Valve, when water-level probe 26 detects that in water storehouse 12, water level is less than minimum of a value, control assembly controls heater and starts, in heating cabinet 11, water temperature rises, once reach 50 DEG C, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 works, and cold water enters heating cabinet 11, hot water rises and enters water storehouse 12 by siphunculus 47, and user can use hot water; Water temperature drop in heating cabinet 11, once lower than 50 DEG C, control assembly Controlling solenoid valve water inlet 21 stops, if now water-level probe 26 detects that in water storehouse 12, water level is less than minimum of a value, control assembly controls heater and starts, in heating cabinet 11, water temperature rises, and circulates according to this, until user's use water is complete.Control assembly can arrange start by set date and timing closing function, and as setting 16:00 starts automatically, 20:00 stops, and during this period, control assembly controls heater and magnetic valve water inlet 21 works.
In sum, the advantage of solar water heater of the present utility model designs and does not lie in software simulating, and attemperater 1 is being divided into two storehouses, rational in infrastructure; And because heating cabinet 11 is much smaller than water storehouse 12, therefore to add heat few for water, and the heat time is short, reduces period of reservation of number, even and if hot water after heating cannot be used up, the waste caused also is in a small amount; Again because water heating action occurs in heating cabinet 11, user's is water in water storehouse 12, achieves real electricity separation, and Electrical Safety performance improves.
It is to be noted; above-mentioned preferred embodiment is only and technical conceive of the present utility model and feature is described; its object is to person skilled in the art can be understood content of the present utility model and implement according to this, protection domain of the present utility model can not be limited with this.All equivalences done according to the utility model Spirit Essence change or modify, and all should be encompassed within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heater, comprise heat collector, the attemperater be communicated with heat collector and control assembly, it is characterized in that: described attemperater is divided into heating cabinet and water storehouse by thermal insulation layer, the siphunculus being communicated with heating cabinet and water storehouse is installed on the top of thermal insulation layer; Magnetic valve water inlet and temp probe are installed in heating cabinet top, and dismountable heater is installed in bottom; Water-level probe is installed at water storehouse top, and bottom sets out the mouth of a river; Described control assembly is electrically connected mutually with magnetic valve water inlet, temp probe, heater and water-level probe respectively, can Controlling solenoid valve water inlet and heater start and stop.
2. two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described thermal insulation layer is spray polyurethane foam.
3. two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the capacity of described heating cabinet is less than the capacity of described water storehouse.
4. two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sidepiece of described water storehouse also arranges air reducing valve door.
5. two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the bottom of described heating cabinet also arranges sewage draining exit.
6. two storehouse temperature control directly-heated solar water heaters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heater is electrothermal tube or air energy interchanger.
CN201520548878.9U 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 Two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater Active CN204757402U (en)

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CN201520548878.9U CN204757402U (en) 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 Two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520548878.9U CN204757402U (en) 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 Two storehouse control by temperature change directly -heated type solar water heater

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106016703A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 厦门帅科卫浴电器有限公司 Electric water heater cooperatively used with flushing toilet lid

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106016703A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 厦门帅科卫浴电器有限公司 Electric water heater cooperatively used with flushing toilet lid

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