CN204642762U - A kind of vibrating arch breaker - Google Patents

A kind of vibrating arch breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204642762U
CN204642762U CN201520343248.8U CN201520343248U CN204642762U CN 204642762 U CN204642762 U CN 204642762U CN 201520343248 U CN201520343248 U CN 201520343248U CN 204642762 U CN204642762 U CN 204642762U
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CN
China
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hopper
arch
square
pole
framed
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CN201520343248.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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张天兵
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马鞍山港口(集团)有限责任公司
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of vibrating arch breaker, belong to port and pier bulk handling field.It comprises broken arch hopper, vibrating motor and spring, also comprise broken arch structure and framed structure, wherein, described broken arch hopper comprises hopper body and hopper outlet, described hopper outlet is arranged on the bottom of hopper body, described hopper body inside is provided with broken arch structure, the upper end of described broken arch structure is positioned at described hopper for bulk cargo, described hopper body outer tip end is connected with framed structure, described framed structure is provided with vibrating motor, and described framed structure is connected with fixed mount by spring.Described broken arch structure is made up of pole I, pole II, set square I and set square II, along the both sides of described pole I length direction mid point, and vertical welding pole II respectively.It solve hopper for bulk cargo because of viscosity goods arch camber putty problem, and this unitized construction easy maintenance and replacement.

Description

A kind of vibrating arch breaker
Technical field
The utility model relates to port and pier bulk handling field, specifically a kind of vibrating arch breaker.
Background technology
Harbour bulk handling, to be grabbed the bulk goods in cabin in the hopper put to harbour plane by span winch and temporarily stores, have sealing-tape machine, by sealing-tape machine, bulk goods is transported to stockyard below hopper.Easily causing hopper feed opening to be blocked when goods viscosity is larger when goods stores in hopper cannot blanking.Adopt in prior art is increase a vibrating motor on hopper lateral wall comparatively widely, under adopting the mode of vibration bucket wallboard to be shaken by goods material, for the cargo type that proportion is comparatively large, rainy day viscosity is larger of fine powder and so on, vibrating effect is undesirable, only have a vibrating motor and directly can not contact fine powder, once fine powder harden cannot broken arch, the cargo type that viscosity is little can only be used for.
Chinese utility model patent, Authorization Notice No.: CN 203047862 U, authorized announcement date: 2013.07.10, disclose a kind of broken arch hopper, comprise hopper main body, and the vibrations assembly be arranged in hopper main body, described vibrations assembly is provided with two groups, vertical axis respectively along hopper main body is space crossed setting, described hopper main body is provided with through hole, described vibrations assembly comprises vibrations blade, vibration motor, shaking device, vibrating shaft, axle sleeve, gusset and fixed mount, described fixed mount is fixed in hopper main body, described shaking device one end Connection Bracket, the other end connects vibration motor, described gusset is fixed on shaking device, described axle sleeve is arranged in through hole, described vibrating shaft runs through and is arranged in axle sleeve, one end connects vibrations blade, the other end connects gusset, described vibrations blade is arranged in hopper main body, the vibrations assembly being space crossed setting by set two groups effectively can improve arch-breaking efficiency, reduces broken arch consumption, and with low cost, is applicable to promoting the use of.Its weak point is: the version of broken arch parts is undesirable, and the shockproofness of vibrations blade is not high, easy to wear and fracture.Belong to horizontal vibrating during vibrations the goods of vibration region to be pushed to other directions, the goods making other directions is more tight, only vibration region is effective and vibration region is little.
Chinese utility model patent, Authorization Notice No.: CN 203111834 U, authorized announcement date: 2013.08.07, disclose a kind of anti-blocking hopper for viscous material, include top circle and become square stock bucket and lower rectangular hopper, described top circle becomes square stock bucket and is positioned at the top of lower rectangular hopper and does not connect, described lower rectangular hopper passes through supports support, the inlet point of described lower rectangular hopper becomes the discharging opening of square stock bucket higher than top circle, every side of the inlet point of lower rectangular hopper becomes every side of the discharging opening of square stock bucket wider than top circle.Its weak point is: this hopper manufacturing processing technic difficulty, the difficulty of processing that top circle becomes square stock bucket is large, have and prevent effect of putty but the effect not having broken arch, the goods little for viscosity can use, but run into after rainy day goods makes moist and stick when forming accumulation in hopper inside, broken arch effect is undesirable.
Chinese utility model patent, Authorization Notice No.: CN 2858566Y, authorized announcement date: 2007.01.17, disclose the anti-blanking type vibrating bunker of a kind of broken arch, technical matters to be solved is: provide a kind of hopper not join and shake, material not arch camber in the course of the work, not sticky storehouse, logistics is unimpeded and noise is little, fall down stably, the anti-blanking type vibrating bunker of broken arch of long service life, solving this technical problem adopted technical scheme is: vibrating motor is connected with electric baseboard by bolt, isolation spring, electric baseboard, oscillating plate is connected with the sidewall of hopper by power transmission bolt, the disturbance force that vibrating motor produces is directly passed to oscillating plate by power transmission bolt, thus play the anti-blocking action of broken arch.Its weak point is: double-walled erection vibrating motor, the oscillating component relying on bolt to be connected to bucket body inside can not contact cargo centre, goods arch camber can not be solved from inside, vibration easily causes loosening of bolt, once bolt looseness will cause internal connection to divide cracking even to drop, not only do not have broken arch effect, and can harmful effect be caused.
Utility model content
1. the utility model technical matters that will solve
Goods viscosity for prior art easily causes time larger that hopper feed opening is blocked cannot the problem of blanking, and the utility model provides a kind of vibrating arch breaker, it solves hopper for bulk cargo because of viscosity goods arch camber putty problem.
2. technical scheme
For solving the problem, the technical scheme that the utility model provides is:
A kind of vibrating arch breaker, comprise broken arch hopper, vibrating motor and spring, it also comprises broken arch structure and framed structure, wherein, described broken arch hopper comprises hopper body and hopper outlet, described hopper outlet is arranged on the bottom of hopper body, described hopper body inside is provided with broken arch structure, the upper end of described broken arch structure is positioned at described hopper for bulk cargo, described hopper body outer tip end is connected with framed structure, described framed structure is provided with vibrating motor, and described framed structure is connected with fixed mount by spring.
Preferably, described broken arch structure is made up of pole I, pole II, set square I and set square II, wherein, along the both sides of described pole I length direction mid point, vertical welding pole II, pole I length direction is vertically provided with set square I, along on center line direction, place, set square I base respectively, both sides perpendicular to set square I place plane are respectively equipped with a set square II, and the base of described set square II is arranged on pole II.The height of set square I and set square II is fixed by the height of goods arch camber in actual measurement hopper for bulk cargo, its height should be greater than goods springing height, set square I and set square II just can be made effectively to cut the bulk material bondd in hopper for bulk cargo, utilize the stability of triangular structure simultaneously, increase the stability of broken arch structure, original discharging opening is become four mouths from a mouth, certain control is had to flow, the impact of goods to below sealing-tape machine is diminished, the effect of buffering can be played for block goods such as iron ores, the goods easily bondd for rainy days such as coals also can play the effect of broken arch, the whereabouts of foreign matter can also be prevented to a certain extent, fall behind under foreign matter can by broken arch structure block be unlikely to fall below adhesive tape on cause adhesive tape to be torn.
Preferably, the base of described set square I is identical with described pole I length, and the base of described set square II is identical with pole II length, and the two ends of described pole I and the two ends of described pole II are connected on hopper body.Described set square I, pole I, set square II and pole II are stainless steel sheet, thickness is 8-10mm, utilize leg-of-mutton wedge angle to improve set square I and set square II to the cutting effect of the bulk material bondd in hopper for bulk cargo, also make described broken arch structure more solid and stable simultaneously.
Preferably, described hopper body trapezoidally to combine by four, and adjacent two trapezoidal hypotenuses are connected, wherein, two that are in relative position trapezoidal, and size shape is identical, arranges the steadiness that can ensure hopper body like this, thus the stability of shimmy arch breaking apparatus entirety described in increasing, the inlet point of hopper upper end is unsuitable excessive also should not be too little, and cross conference and cause weight too large, the vibratory force of vibrating motor is not enough, too littlely not easily to balance, and stream impacts easily to cause and spills material; Hopper outlet is arranged on the bottom of hopper body, hopper outlet is fixedly connected with the bottom of hopper body, namely hopper outlet is welded on the bottom of hopper body, the length of hopper outlet is identical with the length and width of the bottom of hopper body respectively with wide, four on hopper body trapezoidal and hopper outlets are the stainless-steel sheet of plating zinc on surface, prevent corrosive cargo type from corroding hopper outlet and hopper body.
Preferably, described framed structure comprises long a pair limit, pair of short edges II and pair of short edges II, long a pair side weld is connected on a pair base on the top of hopper body, wherein the interlude on long a pair limit is welded on a pair base on the top of hopper body, long limit does not have two parts of welding symmetrical about the center line on the base on the top of soldered hopper body, pair of short edges I in described framed structure be welded on the top of hopper body another on base, another pair of short edges II in described framed structure is connected with described long limit, and be connected to the A of framed structure, B, on C and D 4, namely minor face II33 two ends are all welded on long limit 31, weld nugget is respectively A, B, C and D tetra-point, motor base is provided with between described minor face I and minor face II, described motor base comprises motor base limit I and motor base limit II, between minor face I and minor face II, the monosymmetric of center line of minor face I and minor face II is respectively arranged with a motor base limit I, between two symmetrical motor base limit I, their midline position is provided with a motor base limit II, two motor bases are symmetrical about the center line on long limit, such setting makes the structure of motor base more stable.
Preferably, A, B, C and D 4 of described framed structure is respectively equipped with a cylinder II, described cylinder II is connected with one end of spring, the other end of described spring is connected with the lower end of cylinder I, the upper end of described cylinder I is connected with fixed mount, and fixed mount place plane and framed structure place plane parallel to each other, upper surface from the lower surface of fixed mount to framed structure, parallel to each other between four groups of structures be made up of cylinder I, spring and cylinder II, namely described cylinder II is fixedly connected on A, B, C and D of described framed structure at 4; The lower end of described cylinder I is provided with hook, and the upper end of described spring hangs on the hook of described cylinder I; The upper end of described cylinder II is provided with hook, and the lower end of described spring hangs on the hook of described cylinder II; The upper end of described cylinder I is fixedly connected with fixed mount, and namely the upper end of cylinder I is welded on fixed mount.Described fixed mount is combined by a pair fixed mount limit I and a pair fixed mount limit II, shape is oblong, when all parts in described shimmy arch breaking apparatus breaks down, can directly lift down carry out keeping in repair and changing from hook, namely this knockdown structure for ease of maintenaince and change.
The height of cylinder I and cylinder II should adapt to the length of spring, and the situation lower prop I fixed at its length and stiffness factor and the height of cylinder II should shorten, and the benefit of shortening is: 1), alleviate spring lower suspension channel floor quality; 2), spring more closely can make vibration more steady apart from vibration source; Arranging four springs is because framed structure is distributed in the surrounding of hopper for bulk cargo, A, B, C and D 4 point of framed structure, a spring is all set below the position of each point, the positional symmetry distribution of four points, four spring stress are identical, to make vibration more steady, realize good broken arch effect; If arrange six or eight springs, so the elongation of spring changes because the distance of vibration is different, then the amplitude that can form wherein four springs is consistent, the amplitude of two other or four springs is consistent, easy destruction broken arch structure, reduces service life, increases the frequency changed and keep in repair.
Preferably, the discharging opening of described hopper for bulk cargo lower end is positioned at the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end, described hopper for bulk cargo is positioned to make the upper end of described broken arch structure, ensure that broken arch structural set square I and set square II is when vertically doing frequency low-amplitude motion, the goods bondd in hopper for bulk cargo can be cut, them are enable to spread out, the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end is enclosed within the outside of the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo, and keeps fixed range between hopper body and the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo.When broken arch hopper vertically up-down vibration time, described hopper body can not collide the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo, thus can not affect the hopper body structural safety of hopper for bulk cargo.
Preferably, four limits of described fixed mount are welded on the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo respectively, and four of fixed mount limits are in same plane, make the Stability Analysis of Structures of described shimmy arch breaking apparatus, and vibration is steady, to realize good broken arch effect.
Preferably, described motor base is installed with vibrating motor, described vibrating motor totally two, be symmetrically distributed in framed structure, setting is the uniform force in order to ensure described spring like this, and deflection is identical, the amplitude of namely described broken arch structure is identical, thus ensure described in broken arch structure and broken arch hopper stable movement, vibratory force uniformly continous, broken arch is effective.
A using method for vibrating arch breaker, the steps include:
A, described shimmy arch breaking apparatus is built according to claim 1, first be welded on four angles of fixed mount according to by the upper end of described cylinder I, four of fixed mount limits are welded on the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo respectively, and ensure that four limits of fixed mount are in same plane, then four springs are hung on the hook of cylinder I lower end, the last the lower end more shimmy arch breaking apparatus described in assembling being hung over four springs, such operation can make described shimmy arch breaking apparatus installation process more laborsaving, facilitate easy to operate, this unitized construction is also convenient to the repair and replacement in later stage,
B, bulk material enter described broken arch structure from the discharging opening of hopper for bulk cargo, through hopper body, fall from hopper outlet;
C, when hopper for bulk cargo be blocked cannot blanking time, Vibration on Start-up motor;
D, vibrating motor start vertically to vibrate, because vibrating motor is fixedly installed on the motor base in framed structure, so vibrating motor drives framed structure also can vertically move;
E, because framed structure be welded on hopper body, and the two ends of the structural pole I of broken arch and the two ends of pole II are connected on hopper body, so framed structure sport drives hopper body motion, hopper body sport drives broken arch structure vertically to do frequency low-amplitude motion, described set square I and described set square II vertically does frequency low-amplitude motion, removes the bulk material of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo; The structural set square I of broken arch directly contacts goods with set square II in hopper for bulk cargo, can directly to its cutting when goods piles up bonding, from the inside of hopper for bulk cargo, the goods of bonding is spread out, arch camber cannot the problem of blanking in hopper for bulk cargo to solve the larger goods of viscosity, its broken arch principle is the inside acting directly on goods arch camber, solve goods bonding to pile up from inside, amplitude is even, little to the impact of broken arch structure;
In F, step e, in the hopper for bulk cargo be eliminated, the bulk material of bonding spreads out, and falls from the gap between pole I and pole II, repeats step B;
G, when in hopper for bulk cargo during flow of goods uniform flow, namely eliminate arching phenomenon, close vibrating motor, broken arch work capacity of manually vibrating before solving is large, the shortcoming that the time is long, automatic operating completely, prevent goods arch camber, shorten the time that impact is produced;
H, until next hopper for bulk cargo be blocked cannot blanking time, repeat step C, D, E, F and G.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme adopting the utility model to provide, compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
(1) broken arch structure of the present utility model is made up of pole I, pole II, set square I and set square II, wherein, along the both sides of described pole I length direction mid point, vertical welding pole II respectively, pole I length direction is vertically provided with set square I, along on center line direction, place, set square I base, the both sides perpendicular to set square I place plane are respectively equipped with a set square II, and the base of described set square II is arranged on pole II.The height of set square I and set square II is fixed by the height of goods arch camber in actual measurement hopper for bulk cargo, its height should be greater than goods springing height, set square I and set square II just can be made effectively to cut the bulk material bondd in hopper for bulk cargo, utilize the stability of triangular structure simultaneously, increase the stability of broken arch structure, original discharging opening is become four mouths from a mouth, certain control is had to flow, the impact of goods to below sealing-tape machine is diminished, the effect of buffering can be played for block goods such as iron ores, the goods easily bondd for rainy days such as coals also can play the effect of broken arch, the whereabouts of foreign matter can also be prevented to a certain extent, fall behind under foreign matter can by broken arch structure block be unlikely to fall below adhesive tape on cause adhesive tape to be torn,
(2) base of set square I of the present utility model is identical with described pole I length, and the base of described set square II is identical with pole II length, and the two ends of described pole I and the two ends of described pole II are connected on hopper body.Described set square I, pole I, set square II and pole II are stainless steel sheet, utilize leg-of-mutton wedge angle to improve set square I and set square II to the cutting effect of the bulk material bondd in hopper for bulk cargo, also make described broken arch structure more solid and stable simultaneously;
(3) hopper body of the present utility model trapezoidally to combine by four, adjacent two trapezoidal hypotenuses are connected, and wherein, two that are in relative position trapezoidal, size shape is identical, such setting can ensure the steadiness of hopper body, thus the stability of shimmy arch breaking apparatus entirety described in increasing, the inlet point of hopper upper end is unsuitable excessive also should not be too little, crossing conference causes weight too large, the vibratory force of vibrating motor is not enough, too littlely not easily balances, and stream impacts easily to cause and spills material;
(4) cylinder II of the present utility model is fixedly connected on A, B, C and D of described framed structure 3 at 4; The lower end of described cylinder II is provided with hook, and the upper end of described spring hangs on the hook of described cylinder II; The lower end of described cylinder I is provided with hook, and the lower end of described spring hangs on the hook of described cylinder I; The upper end of described cylinder I is fixedly connected with fixed mount.When the described all parts deployed in arch breaking apparatus breaks down, can directly lift down carry out keeping in repair and changing from hook, namely this knockdown structure for ease of maintenaince and change;
(5) motor base of the present utility model is installed with vibrating motor, described vibrating motor totally two, be symmetrically distributed in framed structure, such setting is the uniform force in order to ensure described spring, deflection is identical, the amplitude of namely described broken arch structure is identical, thus ensure described in broken arch structure and hopper stable movement, it is uniform force in order to ensure spring that vibratory force uniformly continous is arranged like this, deflection is identical, and amplitude is identical, to make hopper stable movement, even vibration, realizes good broken arch effect;
(6) discharging opening of hopper for bulk cargo lower end of the present utility model is positioned at the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end, described hopper for bulk cargo is positioned to make the upper end of described broken arch structure, ensure that broken arch structural set square I and set square II is when vertically doing frequency low-amplitude motion, the goods bondd in hopper for bulk cargo can be cut, them are enable to spread out, the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end is enclosed within the outside of the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo, and keeps fixed range between hopper body and the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo.When hopper vertically up-down vibration time, described hopper body can not collide the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo, thus can not affect the hopper body structural safety of hopper for bulk cargo;
(7) set square I of the present utility model and described set square II vertically does frequency low-amplitude motion, removes the bulk material of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo; The structural set square I of broken arch directly contacts goods with set square II in hopper for bulk cargo, can directly to its cutting when goods piles up bonding, from the inside of hopper for bulk cargo, the goods of bonding is spread out, arch camber cannot the problem of blanking in hopper for bulk cargo to solve the larger goods of viscosity, its broken arch principle is the inside acting directly on goods arch camber, solve goods bonding to pile up from inside, amplitude is even, little to the impact of broken arch structure;
(8) the utility model when hopper for bulk cargo be blocked cannot blanking time, Vibration on Start-up motor, when in hopper for bulk cargo during flow of goods uniform flow, namely eliminate arching phenomenon, close vibrating motor, broken arch work capacity of manually vibrating before solving is large, the shortcoming that time is long, automatic operating completely, prevents goods arch camber, shorten the time that impact is produced, improve work efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is birds-eye view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is broken arch structural front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is broken arch structure left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is broken arch structure birds-eye view of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the front view of broken arch hopper of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of broken arch hopper of the present utility model
Fig. 8 is assembling front view of the present utility model.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1, broken arch hopper; 11, hopper outlet; 12, hopper body; 2, broken arch structure; 21, pole I; 22, pole II; 23, set square I; 24, set square II; 3, framed structure; 31, long limit; 32, minor face I; 33, minor face II; 4, vibrating motor; 41, motor base; 411, motor base limit I; 412, motor base limit II; 5, spring; 51, cylinder I; 52, cylinder II; 6, fixed mount; 61, fixed mount limit I; 62, fixed mount limit II; 7, hopper for bulk cargo.
Detailed description of the invention
For understanding content of the present utility model further, by reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiment the utility model is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
The cargo type comparatively large for proportion, rainy day viscosity is larger, easily arch camber in hopper, and solution increases a vibrating motor 4 on hopper for bulk cargo 7 lateral wall in prior art, under adopting the mode of vibration bucket wallboard to be shaken by goods material, vibrating effect is undesirable, only have a vibrating motor 4 and directly can not contact goods, once goods harden cannot broken arch, the cargo type that viscosity is little can only be used for.
Certain port cargo company, for the problems referred to above, propose a kind of vibrating arch breaker, comprise broken arch hopper, vibrating motor 4 and spring 5, as shown in Figure 1, it also comprises broken arch structure 2 and framed structure 3, wherein, described broken arch hopper comprises hopper body 12 and hopper outlet 11, described hopper outlet 11 is arranged on the bottom of hopper body 12, described hopper body 12 inside is provided with broken arch structure 2, the upper end of described broken arch structure 2 is positioned at described hopper for bulk cargo 7, described hopper body 12 outer tip end is connected with framed structure 3, described framed structure 3 is provided with vibrating motor 4, the power of vibrating motor 4 is 0.75KW, described framed structure 3 is connected with fixed mount 6 by spring 5.
As shown in Figure 3, described broken arch structure 2 is by pole I21, pole II22, set square I23 and set square II24 forms, wherein, as shown in Figure 5, along the both sides of described pole I21 length direction mid point, a pole II22 is welded respectively perpendicular to pole I21, pole I21 and pole II22 is orthogonal, become cross structure, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, pole I21 length direction is vertically provided with set square I23, along on center line direction, place, set square I23 base, both sides perpendicular to set square I23 place plane are respectively equipped with a set square II24, the base of described set square II24 is arranged on pole II22, and set square II24 place plane is vertical with pole II22.The base of described set square I23 is identical with described pole I21 length, and the base of described set square II24 is identical with pole II22 length, and the two ends of described pole I21 and the two ends of described pole II22 are connected on hopper body 12.Described set square I23, pole I21, set square II24 and pole II22 are stainless steel sheet material, thickness is 8-10mm, utilize leg-of-mutton wedge angle to improve the cutting effect of set square I23 and set square II24 to the bulk material of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo 7, also make described broken arch structure 2 more solid and stable simultaneously.
Set square I23 is identical with the height of set square II24, fixed by the height of goods arch camber in actual measurement hopper for bulk cargo 7, its height should be greater than goods springing height, set square I23 and set square II24 just can be made effectively to cut the bulk material of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo 7, the bulk material of the bonding that scatter, them are enable to fall swimmingly on belt feeder, utilize the stability of triangular structure simultaneously, increase the stability of broken arch structure 2, the cross structure that pole I21 and pole II22 forms, original discharging opening is become four mouths from a mouth, certain control is had to flow, the impact of goods to below sealing-tape machine is diminished, the effect of buffering can be played for block goods such as iron ores, the goods easily bondd for rainy days such as coals also can play the effect of broken arch, the whereabouts of foreign matter can also be prevented to a certain extent, fall behind under foreign matter can by broken arch structure 2 block be unlikely to fall below adhesive tape on cause adhesive tape to be torn.
As shown in Figure 7, described hopper body 12 trapezoidally to combine by four, adjacent two trapezoidal hypotenuses are connected, namely adjacent two trapezoidal hypotenuse seamless weldings, wherein, two that are in relative position trapezoidal, size shape is identical, such setting can ensure the steadiness of hopper body 12, thus the stability of shimmy arch breaking apparatus entirety described in increasing, the inlet point of hopper upper end is unsuitable excessive also should not be too little, crossing conference causes weight too large, the vibratory force of vibrating motor 4 is not enough, too littlely not easily balances, and stream impacts easily to cause and spills material; As shown in Figure 6, hopper outlet 11 is arranged on the bottom of hopper body 12, hopper outlet 11 is fixedly connected with the bottom of hopper body 12, namely hopper outlet 11 is welded on the bottom of hopper body 12, the length of hopper outlet 11 is identical with the length and width of the bottom of hopper body 12 respectively with wide, four on hopper body 12 trapezoidal and hopper outlets 11 are the stainless-steel sheet of plating zinc on surface, prevent corrosive cargo type from corroding hopper outlet 11 and hopper body 12.
As shown in Figure 2, described framed structure 3 comprises long a pair limit 31, pair of short edges II32 and pair of short edges II33, long a pair limit 31 is welded on a pair base on the top of hopper body 12, wherein the interlude on long a pair limit 31 is welded on a pair base on the top of hopper body 12, long limit 31 does not have two parts of welding symmetrical about the center line on the base on the top of soldered hopper body 12, pair of short edges I32 in described framed structure 3 be welded on the top of hopper body 12 another on base, another pair of short edges II33 in described framed structure 3 is connected with described long limit 31, and be connected to the A of framed structure 3, B, on C and D 4, namely minor face II33 two ends are all welded on long limit 31, weld nugget is respectively A, B, C and D tetra-point, motor base 41 is provided with between described minor face I32 and minor face II33, described motor base 41 comprises motor base limit I411 and motor base limit II412, between minor face I32 and minor face II33, the monosymmetric of center line of minor face I32 and minor face II33 is respectively arranged with a motor base limit I411, between two symmetrical motor base limit I411, their midline position is provided with a motor base limit II412, two motor bases 41 are symmetrical about the center line on long limit 31, such setting makes the structure of motor base 41 more stable.
As shown in Figure 1, the A of described framed structure 3, B, C and D 4 is respectively equipped with a cylinder II52, described cylinder II52 is connected with one end of spring 5, the other end of described spring 5 is connected with the lower end of cylinder I51, the upper end of described cylinder I51 is connected with fixed mount 6, and fixed mount 6 place plane and framed structure 3 place plane parallel to each other, to make the amplitude of four springs 5 identical, upper surface from the lower surface of fixed mount 6 to framed structure 3, four groups by cylinder I51, parallel to each other between the structure that spring 5 and cylinder II52 are formed, namely described cylinder II52 is fixedly connected on the A of described framed structure 3, B, on C and D 4, the lower end of described cylinder I51 is provided with hook, and the upper end of described spring 5 hangs on the hook of described cylinder I51, the upper end of described cylinder II52 is provided with hook, and the lower end of described spring 5 hangs on the hook of described cylinder II52, the upper end of described cylinder I51 is fixedly connected with fixed mount 6, and namely the upper end of cylinder I51 is welded on fixed mount 6.Described fixed mount 6 is combined by a pair fixed mount limit I61 and a pair fixed mount limit II62, shape is oblong, when the described all parts deployed in arch breaking apparatus breaks down, can directly lift down carry out keeping in repair and changing from hook, namely this knockdown structure for ease of maintenaince and change.
The height of cylinder I51 and cylinder II52 should adapt to the length of spring 5, and the situation lower prop I51 fixed in spring 5 length and stiffness factor and the height of cylinder II52 should shorten, and the benefit of shortening is: 1), alleviate spring 5 lower suspension channel floor quality; 2), spring 5 more closely can make vibration more steady apart from vibration source; Arranging four springs 5 is because framed structure 3 is distributed in the surrounding of hopper for bulk cargo 7, A, B, C and D 4 point of framed structure 3, a spring 5 is all set below the position of each point, the positional symmetry distribution of four points, four springs 5 are stressed identical, to make vibration more steady, realize good broken arch effect; If arrange six or eight springs 5, so the elongation of spring 5 changes because the distance of vibration is different, then the amplitude that can form wherein four springs 5 is consistent, the amplitude of two other or four springs 5 is consistent, easy destruction broken arch structure 2, reduces service life, increases the frequency changed and keep in repair.
The discharging opening of described hopper for bulk cargo 7 lower end is positioned at the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end, described hopper for bulk cargo 7 is positioned to make the upper end of described broken arch structure 2, ensure that set square I23 in broken arch structure 2 and set square II24 is when vertically doing frequency low-amplitude motion, can cut the goods of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo 7, them are enable to spread out, the inlet point of broken arch hopper upper end is enclosed within the outside of the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo 7, and keeps fixed range between the hopper body of hopper body 12 and hopper for bulk cargo 7.When hopper vertically up-down vibration time, described hopper body 12 can not collide the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo 7, thus can not affect the hopper body structural safety of hopper for bulk cargo 7.
As shown in Figure 8, four limits of described fixed mount 6 are welded on the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo 7 respectively, and four of fixed mount 6 limits are in same plane, make the Stability Analysis of Structures of described shimmy arch breaking apparatus, and vibration is steady, to realize good broken arch effect.
Described motor base 41 is installed with vibrating motor 4, described vibrating motor 4 totally two, be symmetrically distributed on the both sides of the minor face of framed structure 3, such setting is the uniform force in order to ensure described spring 5, deflection is identical, and the amplitude of namely described broken arch structure 2 is identical, thus broken arch structure 2 described in ensureing and hopper stable movement, vibratory force uniformly continous, broken arch is effective.
A using method for vibrating arch breaker, the steps include:
A, described shimmy arch breaking apparatus is built according to claim 1, first be welded on four angles of fixed mount 6 according to by the upper end of described cylinder I51, four of fixed mount 6 limits are welded on the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo 7 respectively, and ensure that four limits of fixed mount 6 are in same plane, then four springs 5 are hung on the hook of cylinder I51 lower end, the last the lower end more shimmy arch breaking apparatus described in assembling being hung over four springs 5, such operation can make described shimmy arch breaking apparatus installation process more laborsaving, facilitate easy to operate, this unitized construction is also convenient to the repair and replacement in later stage,
B, bulk material enter described broken arch structure 2 from the discharging opening of hopper for bulk cargo 7, through hopper body 12, fall from hopper outlet 11;
C, when hopper for bulk cargo 7 be blocked cannot blanking time, Vibration on Start-up motor 4;
D, vibrating motor 4 start vertically to vibrate, because vibrating motor 4 is fixedly installed on the motor base 41 in framed structure 3, so vibrating motor 4 drives framed structure 3 also can vertically move;
E, because framed structure 3 be welded on hopper body 12, and the two ends of pole I21 in broken arch structure 2 and the two ends of pole II22 are connected on hopper body 12, so framed structure 3 sport drives hopper body 12 to move, hopper body 12 sport drives broken arch structure 2 vertically to do frequency low-amplitude motion, described set square I23 and described set square II24 vertically does frequency low-amplitude motion, removes the bulk material of bonding in hopper for bulk cargo 7; Set square I23 in broken arch structure 2 directly contacts goods with set square II24 in hopper for bulk cargo 7, can directly to its cutting when goods piles up bonding, from the inside of hopper for bulk cargo 7, the goods of bonding is spread out, arch camber cannot the problem of blanking in hopper for bulk cargo 7 to solve the larger goods of viscosity, its broken arch principle is the inside acting directly on goods arch camber, solve goods bonding to pile up from inside, amplitude is even, little to the impact of broken arch structure 2;
In F, step e, in the hopper for bulk cargo 7 be eliminated, the bulk material of bonding spreads out, and falls from the gap between pole I21 and pole II22, repeats step B;
G, when in hopper for bulk cargo 7 during flow of goods uniform flow, namely eliminate arching phenomenon, close vibrating motor 4, broken arch work capacity of manually vibrating before solving is large, the shortcoming that the time is long, automatic operating completely, prevent goods arch camber, shorten the time that impact is produced;
H, until next hopper for bulk cargo 7 be blocked cannot blanking time, repeat step C, D, E, F and G.
Effectively eliminate in hopper for bulk cargo 7, the phenomenon of the easy arch camber of viscosity cargo type, shortens the broken arch time, realize the automatic operating of broken arch process, solve artificial broken arch work capacity large, the problem wasted time and energy, save work-hours, improve work efficiency, add the income of enterprise.
Schematically above be described the utility model and embodiment thereof, this description does not have restricted, and also just one of the embodiment of the present utility model shown in accompanying drawing, actual structure is not limited thereto.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art enlightens by it, when not departing from the utility model and creating aim, design the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, protection domain of the present utility model all should be belonged to.

Claims (9)

1. a vibrating arch breaker, comprise broken arch hopper (1), vibrating motor (4) and spring (5), it is characterized in that, it also comprises broken arch structure (2) and framed structure (3), wherein, described broken arch hopper (1) comprises hopper body (12) and hopper outlet (11), described hopper outlet (11) is arranged on the bottom of hopper body (12), described hopper body (12) inside is provided with broken arch structure (2), the upper end of described broken arch structure (2) is positioned at described hopper for bulk cargo (7), described hopper body (12) outer tip end is connected with framed structure (3), described framed structure (3) is provided with vibrating motor (4), described framed structure (3) is connected with fixed mount (6) by spring (5).
2. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described broken arch structure (2) is by pole I (21), pole II (22), set square I (23) and set square II (24) composition, wherein, along the both sides of described pole I (21) length direction mid point, vertical welding pole II (22) respectively, pole I (21) length direction is vertically provided with set square I (23), along on center line direction, set square I (23) place, base, both sides perpendicular to set square I (23) place plane are respectively equipped with a set square II (24), the base of described set square II (24) is arranged on pole II (22).
3. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the base of described set square I (23) is identical with described pole I (21) length, the base of described set square II (24) is identical with pole II (22) length, and the two ends of described pole I (21) and the two ends of described pole II (22) are connected on hopper body (12).
4. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described hopper body (12) trapezoidally to combine by four, adjacent two trapezoidal hypotenuses are connected, wherein, two that are in relative position trapezoidal, and size shape is identical.
5. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that, long a pair limit (31) in described framed structure (3) is welded on a pair base on the top of hopper body (12), pair of short edges I (32) in described framed structure (3) be welded on the top of hopper body (12) another on base, another pair of short edges II (33) in described framed structure (3) is connected with described long limit (31), and be connected to the A of framed structure (3), B, on C and D 4, motor base (41) is provided with between described minor face I (32) and minor face II (33).
6. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1-4 any one, it is characterized in that, the A of described framed structure (3), B, C and D 4 is respectively equipped with a cylinder II (52), described cylinder II (52) is connected with one end of spring (5), the other end of described spring (5) is connected with the lower end of cylinder I (51), the upper end of described cylinder I (51) is connected with fixed mount (6), and fixed mount (6) place plane and framed structure (3) place plane parallel to each other, upper surface from the lower surface of fixed mount (6) to framed structure (3), four groups by cylinder I (51), parallel to each other between the structure that spring (5) and cylinder II (52) are formed.
7. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the discharging opening of described hopper for bulk cargo (7) lower end is positioned at the inlet point of broken arch hopper (1) upper end, the inlet point of broken arch hopper (1) upper end is enclosed within the outside of the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo (7), and keeps fixed range between the hopper body of hopper body (12) and hopper for bulk cargo (7).
8. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, four limits of described fixed mount (6) are welded on the hopper body of hopper for bulk cargo (7) respectively, and four limits of fixed mount (6) are in same plane.
9. a kind of vibrating arch breaker according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described motor base (41) is installed with vibrating motor (4), described vibrating motor (4) totally two.
CN201520343248.8U 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 A kind of vibrating arch breaker CN204642762U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104828410A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-08-12 马鞍山港口(集团)有限责任公司 Vibration arch breaking device and using method thereof
CN106746805A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-05-31 郑州三迪建筑科技有限公司 A kind of feed hopper of industry by-product gypsum process equipment
CN106742842A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-05-31 郑州三迪建筑科技有限公司 A kind of arch breaking apparatus of the feed hopper of industry by-product gypsum process equipment
WO2018220279A1 (en) * 2017-06-01 2018-12-06 Vumos Oy Dispensing apparatus for packaging a material

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104828410A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-08-12 马鞍山港口(集团)有限责任公司 Vibration arch breaking device and using method thereof
CN106746805A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-05-31 郑州三迪建筑科技有限公司 A kind of feed hopper of industry by-product gypsum process equipment
CN106742842A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-05-31 郑州三迪建筑科技有限公司 A kind of arch breaking apparatus of the feed hopper of industry by-product gypsum process equipment
CN106742842B (en) * 2017-02-15 2019-07-02 郑州三迪建筑科技有限公司 A kind of arch breaking apparatus of the feed hopper of industry by-product gypsum process equipment
WO2018220279A1 (en) * 2017-06-01 2018-12-06 Vumos Oy Dispensing apparatus for packaging a material

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