CN204620627U - A kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit - Google Patents

A kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204620627U
CN204620627U CN201520152084.0U CN201520152084U CN204620627U CN 204620627 U CN204620627 U CN 204620627U CN 201520152084 U CN201520152084 U CN 201520152084U CN 204620627 U CN204620627 U CN 204620627U
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soil
unit
wash
synergy
elution circuit
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CN201520152084.0U
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程功弼
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JIANGSU GAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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JIANGSU GAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is a kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit, this system mainly comprises the soil pretreatment unit, physical separation unit, synergy wash-out unit, wastewater treatment and reuse unit, the control unit that set gradually, the method mainly comprises soil pretreatment, soil separation classification process, directly wash-out or the process of synergy wash-out, finally enters sludge dewatering system, and mud cake is selected to process method of disposal accordingly according to pollution character.Adopt technical solutions of the utility model, can carry out drip washing process for the soil containing heavy metal and half volatile organic contaminant, difficult volatile organic contaminant, and unit are drip washing cost is low, treatment cycle is short, operation maintenance and monitoring convenient.

Description

A kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit
Technical field
The utility model relates to soil environment engineering field, is specifically related to a kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit.
Background technology
The main integrated distribution of pollutant of contaminated soil is on less soil particle, and the critical technical parameter affecting soil elution repairing effect comprises: the character of fine particle and soil content, pollutant and concentration, soil ratio, elution time, washing steps, the selection of synergist, the process of synergy wash-out waste water and medicament reuse etc.
Wherein, fine particle and soil content refers to the percentage composition of fine particle and soil, it is the key factor determining soil elution repairing effect and cost, particulate generally refers to that particle diameter is less than the powder/clay of 63-75 μm, and the soil that the process of usual dystopy soil elution reaches more than 25% for fine particle content does not have cost advantage.
The utility model lower than the soil of 25%, reduce cost, and elute effect promotes further mainly for the treatment of fine particle and soil (sticky/powder) content by the mode of multistage continuous wash-out and circulating reflux wash-out; And when process is containing VOCs-contaminated Soils, takes suitable gas collection treatment facility, avoid secondary pollution.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome prior art Problems existing, provides a kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, reach above-mentioned technique effect, the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit, this system mainly comprises the soil pretreatment unit, physical separation unit, synergy wash-out unit, wastewater treatment and reuse unit, the control unit that set gradually, wherein, for the contaminated soil containing volatile heavy metal or organic pollution, at synergy wash-out unit, place is also provided with volatilization gas control unit, for gas sampling, and the waste gas collected is processed.
Further, described soil pretreatment unit comprises disintegrating machine and screening machine.
Further, described physical separation unit comprises one or more combinations in Wet method vibration screen, rotary screen or hydrocyclone.
Further, described synergy wash-out unit is synergy washing device, and it is made up of wash-out agitator tank, drum washing machine, horizontal oscillator tube and medicine adding and dispensing equipment.
Further, described wastewater treatment and reuse unit comprises mud-water separation and dehydration equipment and Waste Water Treatment, described mud-water separation and dehydration equipment are formed primarily of sedimentation basin, concentration basin, dewatering screen, filter press and centrifugal separator, and described Waste Water Treatment is primarily of sewage collecting box, sedimentation basin and materializing strategy System's composition.
Further, this system also includes supply unit, and described supply unit comprises soil induction system and slurry transportation system, and soil induction system is made up of belt feeder or conveying worm, and slurry transportation system is made up of slush pump and corresponding pipeline.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, adopt technical solutions of the utility model, drip washing process can be carried out for the soil containing heavy metal and half volatile organic contaminant, difficult volatile organic contaminant, through wash-out process, can the treating capacity of decreasing pollution soil effectively, realize minimizing.
2, unit are drip washing cost is low, treatment cycle is short, is about 600-3000 unit/m3 according to soil types, pollutant type, reparation target difference, and treatment cycle is generally 3-12 month.
3, the operation of the utility model system is by automatic controlling system, simple to operate, effect stability, and can machine utilization, operate power, running status etc. in real-time monitored running, whether the equipment that easily checks out has leakage, leaks the unusual conditions such as material, putty.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure and the FB(flow block) of the utility model system.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments, describe the utility model in detail.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1, a kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit, this system mainly comprises the soil pretreatment unit, physical separation unit, synergy wash-out unit, wastewater treatment and reuse unit, the control unit that set gradually, wherein, for the contaminated soil containing volatile heavy metal or organic pollution, at synergy wash-out unit, place is also provided with volatilization gas control unit, for gas sampling, and processes the waste gas collected.
Continue with reference to Fig. 1, by this system, use following steps can realize the wash-out of contaminated soil:
Step 1) contaminated soil underlying parameter in early stage detects and formulates site remediation target according to parameter, its detected parameters comprises soil particle diameter composition, soil types, physical state and humidity, pollutant type and concentration, soil organic matter content, Cation Exchange Capacity in Soils, soil pH and buffer capacity, according to above-mentioned parameter, whether assessment dystopy soil elution technology is suitable for the reparation in specific place, after tentative confirmation technical feasibility, pilot plant test can be carried out as required, for recovery project design provides underlying parameter;
Step 2) contaminated soil excavates and carries out pretreatment by soil pretreatment unit, and pretreatment mainly comprises coarse fraction and fragmentation, rejects overdimensioned bulk foreign material and cleans, and rejects in the present embodiment and is greater than the bulk foreign material of 100mm;
The pretreated soil of step 3) enters physical separation unit, adopt wet sieving or waterpower sorting, isolate size is less than the particulate of 2mm, size is greater than 10mm coarse fodder and the gravel of size between 2mm to 10mm, after being dewatered by dewatering screen, obtain cleaning material;
Particulate after step 4) classification directly passes in mud scratch pool by chute, coarse fodder after classification to be passed in roller-type stone washing machine by conveyer belt and is passed into eluent and cleans, after having cleaned, the coarse fodder cleaned up heap is put away, gravel after classification to be passed in screw sand washer by conveyer belt and is passed into eluent and cleans, and is put away by the gravel cleaned up heap after having cleaned;
The fine sand that fine sizing in mud scratch pool to become size to be less than the clay of 0.3mm and size to be greater than 0.3mm by high frequency shale shaker by step 5), wherein, clay to be passed in synergy wash-out unit and to pass into eluent and synergist carries out stirring synergy wash-out, fine sand is passed in the screw sand washer in step 4) simultaneously and clean, together with after having cleaned, the fine sand cleaned up being deposited in the gravel cleaned up;
After stirring wash-out stopping in step 6) above-mentioned synergy wash-out unit, leave standstill 20min to 2h, then the supernatant on top is passed in wastewater treatment and reuse unit, the clay of bottom is separated into waste water and mud by device for separating mud and water and corresponding flocculant, and waste water passes in wastewater treatment and reuse unit;
Step 7) is to above-mentioned steps 6) in isolated mud carry out processed, the mud cake formed after processed according to pollution character select corresponding contaminated soil treatment technology.
In the present embodiment, if when scalping or synergy wash-out can not reach set soil remediation target, can continue to be separated classification and carry out multistage continuous wash-out and recycling elution.
Described soil pretreatment unit comprises disintegrating machine and screening machine.
Described physical separation unit comprises one or more combinations in Wet method vibration screen, rotary screen or hydrocyclone.
Described synergy wash-out unit is synergy washing device, and it is made up of wash-out agitator tank, drum washing machine, horizontal oscillator tube and medicine adding and dispensing equipment.
Described wastewater treatment and reuse unit comprises mud-water separation and dehydration equipment and Waste Water Treatment, described mud-water separation and dehydration equipment are formed primarily of sedimentation basin, concentration basin, dewatering screen, filter press and centrifugal separator, and described Waste Water Treatment is primarily of sewage collecting box, sedimentation basin and materializing strategy System's composition.
This system also includes supply unit, and described supply unit comprises soil induction system and slurry transportation system, and soil induction system is made up of belt feeder or conveying worm, and slurry transportation system is made up of slush pump and corresponding pipeline.
Described roller-type stone washing machine is all provided with by surperficial clay and header tank the eluent recovery approach being communicated with mud scratch pool with in screw sand washer, surperficial clay is by filter opening or overfall connected set water tank in the present embodiment, be communicated with the medicine adding and dispensing equipment that eluent is housed in described wastewater treatment and reuse unit and form another eluent recovery approach, in eluent recovery approach, for heavy metal-polluted soil wash-out waste water, the method of molysite+alkali precipitation is adopted to remove heavy metal in water, can reuse synergist after acid adding readjustment, surfactant wash-out waste water for organic material contaminated soil adopts the methods such as solvent synergy remove pollutant and realize synergist reuse.
In described step 5), for the contaminated soil containing volatile heavy metal or organic pollution, at synergy wash-out unit, place is also provided with volatilization gas control unit, for gas sampling, and processes the waste gas collected.
In described step 5), the soil ratio of synergy wash-out unit is between 3:1 to 20:1, the synergist selected for organic contamination is surfactant, the synergist selected for heavy metal pollution can be inorganic acid, organic acid or complexing agent, for organic matter and heavy-metal composite pollution, select the composite of two class synergist.
According to above-described embodiment of the present utility model, synergy wash-out soil repair system overall process ability is 50 tons/day, screening system design treatment ability 10 tons/hour, synergy washing device unit volume 12 m3, synergy wash-out liquid-solid ratio is 3:1 to 4:1, elution time 2 hours, and the power consumption of system equipment is about 36kWh/m3 soil, synergist surfactant and Waste water treatment medicament, flocculant, holistic cost only has 240 yuan/about m3.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a soil heterotopic elution circuit, it is characterized in that, this system mainly comprises the soil pretreatment unit, physical separation unit, synergy wash-out unit, wastewater treatment and reuse unit, the control unit that set gradually, wherein, for the contaminated soil containing volatile heavy metal or organic pollution, at synergy wash-out unit, place is also provided with volatilization gas control unit, for gas sampling, and processes the waste gas collected.
2. soil heterotopic elution circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described soil pretreatment unit comprises disintegrating machine and screening machine.
3. soil heterotopic elution circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described physical separation unit comprises one or more combinations in Wet method vibration screen, rotary screen or hydrocyclone.
4. soil heterotopic elution circuit according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described synergy wash-out unit is synergy washing device, and it is made up of wash-out agitator tank, drum washing machine, horizontal oscillator tube and medicine adding and dispensing equipment.
5. soil heterotopic elution circuit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wastewater treatment and reuse unit comprises mud-water separation and dehydration equipment and Waste Water Treatment, described mud-water separation and dehydration equipment are formed primarily of sedimentation basin, concentration basin, dewatering screen, filter press and centrifugal separator, and described Waste Water Treatment is primarily of sewage collecting box, sedimentation basin and materializing strategy System's composition.
6. soil heterotopic elution circuit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, this system also includes supply unit, described supply unit comprises soil induction system and slurry transportation system, soil induction system is made up of belt feeder or conveying worm, and slurry transportation system is made up of slush pump and corresponding pipeline.
CN201520152084.0U 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 A kind of soil heterotopic elution circuit Active CN204620627U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104874599A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-02 江苏盖亚环境工程有限公司 Soil ex-situ leaching system and method thereof
CN105964670A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-09-28 湖南艾布鲁环保科技有限公司 Device and method for recycling ex-site chemical elution-remediating eluate for heavy metal contaminated soil
CN110340124A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-10-18 煜环环境科技有限公司 A kind of contaminated soil remediation governing system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104874599A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-02 江苏盖亚环境工程有限公司 Soil ex-situ leaching system and method thereof
CN105964670A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-09-28 湖南艾布鲁环保科技有限公司 Device and method for recycling ex-site chemical elution-remediating eluate for heavy metal contaminated soil
CN110340124A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-10-18 煜环环境科技有限公司 A kind of contaminated soil remediation governing system

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Address after: 215000 Jiangsu city of Suzhou province Dushu Lake Industrial Park of the Graduate School of Nanjing University A505 room

Patentee after: JIANGSU GAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 215000 Jiangsu city of Suzhou province Dushu Lake Industrial Park of the Graduate School of Nanjing University A505 room

Patentee before: JIANGSU GAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.