CN204594094U - The two stream backed expansion of single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen - Google Patents

The two stream backed expansion of single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204594094U
CN204594094U CN201520267483.1U CN201520267483U CN204594094U CN 204594094 U CN204594094 U CN 204594094U CN 201520267483 U CN201520267483 U CN 201520267483U CN 204594094 U CN204594094 U CN 204594094U
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air
nitrogen
pipelines
heat exchanger
main heat
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CN201520267483.1U
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刘代勇
李凯菊
冷全起
宋万喜
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HENAN KAIYUAN AIR SEPARATION GROUP CO Ltd
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HENAN KAIYUAN AIR SEPARATION GROUP CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the device that the two stream backed expansion of a kind of single tower produces low-pressure nitrogen.This device comprises air cleaner, air compressor, air precooling system, sieve purification system, main heat exchanger, rectifying column, the condenser/evaporator being arranged on rectifying column top, subcooler, the supercharger of waste expansion machine and driving, the supercharger of nitrogen expansion machine and driving and choke valve.The utility model device flow process is simple, be easy to operation, an equipment less investment, adopts the utility model device stream backed expansion can obtain the nitrogen that pressure is 0.01 ~ 0.1MPa.

Description

The two stream backed expansion of single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen
One, technical field:
The utility model belongs to cryogenic rectification technical field of air separation, is specifically related to the device that the two stream backed expansion of a kind of single tower produces low-pressure nitrogen.
Two, background technology:
At present, mainly contain following methods about the preparation method of nitrogen and device in prior art, general contents is as follows:
Product nitrogen gas pressure mainly contains following six kinds of schemes when 0 ~ 5bar:
Scheme one: waste expansion flow process of backflowing, decompressor pressurized end pressurized product nitrogen or just flowing air, then throttling is to required pressure, generally at 4 ~ 5bar; Air compressor machine pressure at expulsion is compared with the pressure requirements height 0.8bar of product nitrogen gas.
Scheme two: just flowing air expansion flow process, decompressor pressurized end pressurized product nitrogen or just flowing air, product pressure directly obtains, and common product nitrogen pressure is at 4 ~ 5bar; Air compressor machine pressure at expulsion is compared with pressure requirements height about the 1.5bar of product nitrogen gas.But its recovery rate is higher, the first supercharging of expanded air, rear expansion, then directly discharge the regeneration gas as sieve purification system.Product scale is greater than 10000NM 3can arrange separately supercharger pressuring expansion air during/h, pressurized air expands laggard ice chest, to improve product volume.
Scheme three: two-tower rectification flow process, using the oxygen enrichment (oxygen content less than 40%) of 3rd ~ 5 blocks of column plates reciprocal for upper tower bottom as toxic emission, as the regeneration gas of sieve purification system, a small amount of oxygen enrichment of upper tower bottom (oxygen content more than 60%) is extracted out as non-product gas.The pressure at expulsion of upper tower can be improved like this, to meet product nitrogen gas pressure requirements, reduce nitrogen product compression energy consumption.This flow process can obtain the product nitrogen gas of two kinds of pressure, is 0 ~ 2bar and about 5bar or higher respectively.
Scheme four: the two condensation flow process of double tower, will send into the condenser of upper top of tower after the throttling of upper tower bottom oxygen enrichment, to obtain the product nitrogen gas of 0 ~ 3bar and 5 ~ 7bar or more high pressure.This flow process product recovery rate is high, can reach about 60%.
Scheme five: the two condensation flow process (two lower tower flow process) of double tower, two towers are adopted to be arranged in parallel, by the condenser of lower tower bottom oxygen enrichment higher for pressure by top of tower under liquor pump feeding low pressure, the condenser vapor that pressure is higher passes into the lower tower bottom of pressure, can obtain the product nitrogen gas of 0 ~ 3bar and 5 ~ 7bar or more high pressure.This flow process product recovery rate is high, can reach about 60%.Advantage to improve lower pressure column pressure, and gas product pressure also improves much.
Scheme six: ultralow pressure flow process, king-tower operating pressure is all 1.4bar (a) (rectification efficiency improves about 40%), by decompressor pressurized end pressurized air, cyclic nitrogen press pressure at expulsion 3.5 ~ 5bar (a), or employing all-in-one, the pressure at expulsion of 4-5 level is 7 ~ 12bar (a), to meet product pressure requirement, taking out pressure in the third level is 3.5 ~ 5bar (a), with the cold liquefaction pressure of satisfied master.The layout of tower can adopt and mainly coldly be arranged in bottommost, rectifying column be seated in main cold on; Also the main cold arrangement on king-tower top can be adopted.Product compressor and flow process compressor unite two into one, and product can be obtained by rectifying column, also can take out in compressor, can obtain the product nitrogen gas of 0 ~ 3bar and 5 ~ 7bar or more high pressure.This flow process product recovery rate can reach 60% (single tower), and energy consumption reduces many.Shortcoming is that equipment scale expands to some extent, is applicable to the air separation plant of below 20000m/h grade.
According to the prior art that current nitrogen is produced, when product nitrogen gas pressure is at 0 ~ 0.1MPa, in employing scheme one, scheme two, product nitrogen gas pressure is all higher than 0.1MPa, nitrogen throttling must be used, certainly will cause unnecessary energy loss according to this two schemes; Employing scheme three to scheme five at least more adopts two rectifying columns, and flow process is complicated, and equipment is more, primary equipment drops into and is more suitable for more greatly the device producing two kinds of different pressures nitrogen; Employing scheme six decompressor must be booster expansion turbine, is only applicable to larger nitrogen-making device.
three, utility model content:
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: provide the two stream backed expansion of a kind of single tower to produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen.The utility model device flow process is simple, be easy to operation, an equipment less investment, adopts the utility model device stream backed expansion can obtain the nitrogen that pressure is 0.01 ~ 0.1MPa.
In order to solve the problem, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
The utility model provides the two stream backed expansion of a kind of single tower to produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprise air cleaner AF, air compressor TC, air precooling system RU, sieve purification system MS, main heat exchanger E1, rectifying column C1, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator K1 at rectifying column top, subcooler E2, choke valve, waste expansion machine ET2, nitrogen expansion machine ET1, the supercharger BT1 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger BT2 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air respectively (now decompressor is also known as blower fan brake turbine decompressor) or be connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger E1 by pipeline that (now decompressor is also known as supercharger brake turbine decompressor and booster expansion turbine successively, position both when two superchargers are connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger E1 can exchange), be connected by pipeline between each equipment, annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner AF is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor TC by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor TC is directly communicated with by 102 pipelines with the air inlet of air precooling system RU or is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling system RU after aftercooler WE, and the air outlet of air precooling system RU is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system MS by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system to be directly communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 104 pipelines or the air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger E1 after exhaust gas machine BT2 through nitrogen supercharging machine BT1 successively by 104 pipelines, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with rectifying column C1 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column C1 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger E1 respectively by 203 pipelines, is communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator K1, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 205 pipelines, and another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is discharged by 206 output channels and collected; Liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is discharged collect respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column C1 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve V1;
Bottom rectifying column C1, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler E2, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler E2 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator K1, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler E2 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler E2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine ET2 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine ET2 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with sieve purification system MS respectively by 310 pipelines, discharged by 309 pipelines or be communicated with air precooling system RU.
Produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen according to the two stream backed expansion of above-mentioned single tower, the supercharger BT1 of described nitrogen expansion machine ET1 and driving works asynchronously, and the supercharger BT2 of waste expansion machine ET2 and driving works asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger E1 and subcooler E2 is plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine or oil bearing turbo-expander.
Produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen according to the two stream backed expansion of above-mentioned single tower, described sieve purification system comprises transfer valve KV1 ~ KV11 that at least two molecular sieve adsorber MS1/MS2, a heater EH and a set of Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve control;
Described air precooling system is air precooling machine or nitrogen water precooler.
When described air precooling system is air precooling machine, air precooling machine comprises at least one evaporimeter E41; When described air precooling system is nitrogen water precooler, nitrogen water precooler comprises at least one air cooling compressor AT, water cooling tower WT, two water pump WP1/WP2 and handpiece Water Chilling Units CU.
In addition, the two stream backed expansion of a kind of single tower is provided to produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprise air cleaner AF, air compressor TC, air precooling system RU, sieve purification system MS, main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2, rectifying column C1, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator K1 at rectifying column top, subcooler E2, choke valve, waste expansion machine ET2, nitrogen expansion machine ET1, the supercharger BT1 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger BT2 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air respectively (now decompressor is also known as blower fan brake turbine decompressor) or be connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 by pipeline that (now decompressor is also known as supercharger brake turbine decompressor and booster expansion turbine successively, position both when two superchargers are connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger epimere E1 can exchange), be connected by pipeline between each equipment, annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner AF is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor TC by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor TC is directly communicated with by 102 pipelines with the air inlet of air precooling system RU or is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling system RU after aftercooler WE, and the air outlet of air precooling system RU is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system MS by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 successively by 104 pipelines or the air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 after exhaust gas machine through nitrogen supercharging machine successively by 104 pipelines, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with rectifying column C1 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column C1 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with respectively by the nitrogen inlet of 203 pipelines with main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2, be communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator K1, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 205 pipelines, another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 by 205A pipeline, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 is discharged through 206 output channels and is collected, liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is discharged collect respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column C1 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve V1,
Bottom rectifying column C1, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler E2, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler E2 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator K1, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler E2 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler E2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine ET2 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine ET2 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with through the exhaust gas inlet of 307A pipeline with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 is communicated with sieve purification system MS respectively by 310 pipelines, discharged by 309 pipelines or be communicated with air precooling system RU.
Produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen according to the two stream backed expansion of above-mentioned single tower, the supercharger BT1 of described nitrogen expansion machine ET1 and driving works asynchronously, and the supercharger BT2 of waste expansion machine ET2 and driving works asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 and subcooler E2 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine or oil bearing turbo-expander.
Produce the device of low-pressure nitrogen according to the two stream backed expansion of above-mentioned single tower, described sieve purification system MS comprises transfer valve KV1 ~ KV11 that at least two molecular sieve adsorber MS1/MS2, a heater EH and a set of Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve control;
Described air precooling system is air precooling machine or nitrogen water precooler;
When described air precooling system is air precooling machine, air precooling machine comprises at least one evaporimeter E41; When described air precooling system is nitrogen water precooler, nitrogen water precooler comprises at least one air cooling compressor AT, water cooling tower WT, two water pump WP1/WP2 and handpiece Water Chilling Units CU.
The first device above-mentioned carries out the two stream backed expansion of single tower, and to produce the job step of low-pressure nitrogen as follows:
(1), raw air is first through air cleaner AF removal of impurities, enter air compressor TC through 101 pipelines after removal of impurities to compress, directly enter air precooling system RU by 102 pipelines or after aftercooler WE, enter air precooling system RU after compression and cool, cooled air enters sieve purification system MS through 103 pipelines and purifies, the raw air after being purified;
It is 4.75 ~ 8.8bar (a) that air is compressed to pressure through air compressor TC; 278 ~ 285K is cooled to through air precooling system RU; The water in air and carbon dioxide impurities is removed, air dew point temperature≤65 DEG C after purification, carbon dioxide content≤1PPm after sieve purification system MS purifies;
(2) raw air, after step (1) purification directly enters main heat exchanger E1 by 104 pipelines and is cooled to below dew-point temperature to be that (now air pressure is 5.25 ~ 8.5bar (a) to 98.77 ~ 105.34K, dew-point temperature is 98.957 ~ 105.597K), make the liquid (gas phase fraction is 0.947 ~ 0.912) containing 5.3 ~ 8.8mol% in raw air, then enter rectifying column C1 to be separated, obtain nitrogen at rectifying column C1 top after separation, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air;
Or the supercharger BT2 of supercharger BT1 and the driving of waste expansion machine that the raw air after step (1) purification enters the driving of nitrogen expansion machine successively after 104 pipelines carries out supercharging again (boost in pressure to the 5.4 ~ 8.5bar (a) of raw air), raw air is cooled to below dew-point temperature to be that (now air pressure is 5.25 ~ 8.35bar (a) to 98.79 ~ 105.14K through the laggard main heat exchanger E1 of entering of supercharging, dew-point temperature is 98.957 ~ 105.336K), make the liquid (gas phase fraction is 0.953 ~ 0.934) containing 4.7 ~ 6.6mol% in raw air, then enter rectifying column C1 to be separated, nitrogen is obtained at rectifying column C1 top after separation, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air,
(3), the nitrogen that step (2) rectifying column C1 top obtains is divided into two parts: the part nitrogen accounting for nitrogen total amount 33.3 ~ 43.7mol% enters main heat exchanger E1 re-heat (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) by 203 pipelines, then extract out in the middle part of main heat exchanger E1 through 204 pipelines enter nitrogen expansion machine ET1 step-down cooling (Pressure Drop is 1.22 ~ 2bar (a) most, greenhouse cooling to 79.6 ~ 87K), turn back to main heat exchanger E1 through 205 pipelines after decrease temperature and pressure and carry out re-heat, then go out main heat exchanger E1 and discharge collection through 206 output channels, export as product nitrogen gas, the condenser/evaporator K1 that remainder nitrogen enters rectifying column C1 top by 202 pipelines is cooled to liquid nitrogen, the liquid nitrogen obtained is divided into two parts, and the part liquid nitrogen accounting for liquid nitrogen total amount 3.1 ~ 10.2mol% is as nitrogen products, and exported after choke valve V1 throttling by 403 pipelines, remainder liquid nitrogen directly sends rectifying column top back to as phegma through 402 pipelines,
(4), the oxygen-enriched liquid air that step (2) rectifier bottoms obtains enters subcooler E2 by 301 pipelines and cools (being cooled to 96.7 ~ 103.6K), then through 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2 throttling, condenser/evaporator K1 is entered by 303 pipelines, in condenser/evaporator K1, oxygen-enriched liquid air (now the pressure of oxygen-enriched liquid air is 2.39 ~ 4.52bar (a)) is by the nitrogen heating evaporation from rectifying column top, evaporate the waste gas obtained to be discharged by condenser/evaporator K1 top, subcooler E2 is entered by 304 pipelines, cross the cold oxygen-enriched liquid air entered through 301 pipelines from rectifier bottoms, then main heat exchanger E1 re-heat (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) is entered through 305 pipelines, extract out in the middle part of main heat exchanger E1 after re-heat and enter waste expansion machine ET2 through 306 pipelines, through waste expansion machine ET2 step-down cooling, (pressure reduces to 1.22bar (a), temperature is down to 93.3 ~ 100.6K), main heat exchanger E1 is turned back to through 307 pipelines after step-down cooling, heated by the raw air from sieve purification system MS in main heat exchanger E1, then export from main heat exchanger E1, the waste gas exported is divided into two parts, the portion accounting for sieve purification system MS intake air flow 20-25% exports through 310 pipelines through entering sieve purification system MS as regeneration gas from main heat exchanger E1 top or top, remainder waste gas exports from main heat exchanger E1 top through 309 pipeline emptying or sends into air precooling system RU recovery cold,
(5) gas that, rises in rectifying column C1 is for being cooled to the raw air of below dew-point temperature in from step (2), phegma is the part liquid nitrogen from step (3), utilize the temperature difference between gas-liquid to carry out caloic exchange on rectifying tower plates thus obtain nitrogen at rectifying column C1 top, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air.
Above-mentioned the second device carries out the two stream backed expansion of single tower, and to produce the job step of low-pressure nitrogen as follows:
(1), raw air is first through air cleaner AF removal of impurities, enter air compressor TC through 101 pipelines after removal of impurities to compress, directly enter air precooling system RU by 102 pipelines or after aftercooler WE, enter air precooling system RU after compression and cool, cooled air enters sieve purification system MS through 103 pipelines and purifies, the raw air after being purified;
It is 4.75 ~ 8.8bar (a) that air is compressed to pressure through air compressor; 278 ~ 285K is cooled to through air precooling system; The water in air and carbon dioxide impurities is removed, air dew point temperature≤65 DEG C after purification, carbon dioxide content≤1PPm after sieve purification system purification;
(2) raw air, after step (1) purification directly enters main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 successively by 104 pipelines, hypomere E1-2 is cooled to below dew-point temperature to be that (now air pressure is 5.25 ~ 7.5bar (a) to 98.77 ~ 105.34K, dew-point temperature is 98.957 ~ 105.597K), make the liquid containing 5.3 ~ 8.8mol% (gas phase fraction is 0.947 ~ 0.912) in raw air, then enter rectifying column C1 to be separated, obtain nitrogen at rectifying column C1 top after separation, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air;
Or the raw air after step (1) purification enters the supercharger BT1 of nitrogen expansion machine driving and the supercharger BT2 supercharging again (boost in pressure to the 5.4 ~ 8.5bar (a) of raw air) of waste expansion machine driving successively through 104 pipelines, raw air after supercharging enters main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 through 104B pipeline and tentatively cools that (now air pressure is 5.27 ~ 8.4bar (a), temperature is 117.26 ~ 162.17K), entering main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 through 104C pipeline after cooling is cooled to below dew-point temperature to be that (now air pressure is 5.25 ~ 8.35bar (a) to 98.79 ~ 105.14K, dew-point temperature is 98.957 ~ 105.336K), make the liquid containing 4.7 ~ 6.6mol% (gas phase fraction is 0.953 ~ 0.934) in raw air, then enter rectifying column C1 to be separated, nitrogen is obtained at rectifying column C1 top after separation, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air,
(3), the nitrogen that step (2) rectifying column C1 top obtains is divided into two parts: the part nitrogen accounting for nitrogen total amount 33.3 ~ 43.7mol% enters main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 re-heat (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) by 203 pipelines, then (Pressure Drop is 1.22 ~ 2bar (a) most to enter nitrogen expansion machine ET1 step-down cooling from main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 extraction through 204 pipelines, greenhouse cooling to 79.6 ~ 87K), the preliminary re-heat of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) is returned through 205 pipelines after decrease temperature and pressure, then go out main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 and enter re-heat again (re-heat is to 282 ~ 318.1K) in main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 through 205A pipeline, discharge through 206 output channels after re-heat and collect, export as product nitrogen gas, the condenser/evaporator K1 that remainder nitrogen enters rectifying column C1 top by 202 pipelines is cooled to liquid nitrogen, the liquid nitrogen obtained is divided into two parts, and the part liquid nitrogen accounting for liquid nitrogen total amount 3.1 ~ 10.2mol%, as nitrogen products, to be exported after choke valve V1 throttling by 403 pipelines, remainder liquid nitrogen directly sends rectifying column top back to as phegma through 402 pipelines,
(4), the oxygen-enriched liquid air that step (2) rectifier bottoms obtains enters subcooler E2 by 301 pipelines to carry out cooling (being cooled to 96.7 ~ 103.6K), then through 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2 throttling, condenser/evaporator K1 is entered by 303 pipelines, in condenser/evaporator K1, oxygen-enriched liquid air (pressure of oxygen-enriched liquid air is 2.39 ~ 4.52bar (a)) is by the nitrogen heating evaporation from rectifying column top, evaporate the waste gas obtained to be discharged by condenser/evaporator K1 top, subcooler E2 is entered by 304 pipelines, cross the cold oxygen-enriched liquid air entered through 301 pipelines from rectifier bottoms, then main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 re-heat (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) is entered through 305 pipelines, (pressure reduces to 1.22bar (a) to enter waste expansion machine ET2 step-down cooling from main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 extraction through 306 pipelines after re-heat, temperature is down to 93.3 ~ 100.6K), the preliminary re-heat of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 (re-heat is to 107.5 ~ 136.3K) is returned through 307 pipelines after step-down cooling, main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 re-heat is again entered through 307A pipeline after re-heat, then export from main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, the waste gas exported is divided into two parts, account for when sieve purification system intake air flow 20-25% portion is heated to 282K in main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 and enter sieve purification system MS as regeneration gas from the top of main heat exchanger or top 310 pipeline, remainder waste gas is then heated to 282K or 318.1K and exports from main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 top through 309 pipeline emptying or send into air precooling system RU recovery cold,
(5) gas that, rises in rectifying column C1 is for being cooled to the raw air of below dew-point temperature in from step (2), phegma is the part liquid nitrogen from step (3), utilize the temperature difference between gas-liquid on rectifying tower plates, carry out caloic exchange thus obtain nitrogen at rectifying column top, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air.
Positive beneficial effect of the present utility model:
1, the nitrogen pressure adopting stream backed expansion described in the utility model directly to obtain is 0.01 ~ 0.1MPa (1.1 ~ 2bar (a)), be applicable to requiring lower user to nitrogen pressure, and nitrogen recovery rate remains on conventional stream backed expansion higher level about 58%.
2, adopt the utility model device, operating process is simple, and once less input for equipment.
3, adopt the utility model when rectifying column operating pressure is lower than still can fetching portion liquid nitrogen time 0.45MPa (5.5bar (a)), fluid product output can reach 9% of nitrogen output.
4, adopt the utility model when rectifying column operating pressure can obtain that liquid nitrogen product output can reach nitrogen output when 0.714MPa (8.14bar (a)) 20%, now nitrogen recovery rate is about 52%.
The utility model one embodiment shows, and user's nitrogen demand is 800NM 3/ H, 90Kpa, and require that having certain liquid yield uses in order to nitrogen-making device short trouble, now nitrogen recovery rate is 58.8%, and liquid nitrogen production is 33NM 3/ H.Another embodiment of the utility model shows, and nitrogen output is 18830NM 3/ H, pressure 10Kpa, liquid nitrogen production reaches 1710NM 3/ H, liquid yield is 9% of gas yield, and nitrogen recovery rate is 59%.The utility model is an embodiment display again, and nitrogen output is 18830NM 3/ H, pressure 10Kpa, liquid nitrogen production reaches 3766NM 3/ H, liquid yield is 20% of gas yield, and nitrogen recovery rate is 52%.
Four, accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram that the two stream backed expansion of the single tower of the utility model embodiment 1 produces low-pressure nitrogen;
In Fig. 1: 1 is air cleaner, 2 is air compressor, 3 is aftercooler, 4 is air precooling machine, 5 is sieve purification system, 5-1 is molecular sieve adsorber 1, 5-2 is molecular sieve adsorber 2, 5-3 is the transfer valve (KV1-KV11) that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, 5-4 is heater, 5-5 is muffler, 6 is main heat exchanger, 7 is rectifying column, 8 is subcooler, 9 is condenser/evaporator, 10 is waste expansion machine, 11 superchargers driven for waste expansion machine, 12 is nitrogen expansion machine, 13 superchargers driven for nitrogen expansion machine, 14 is choke valve V1, 15 is choke valve V2, 16 is choke valve V3.
Fig. 2 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram that the two stream backed expansion of the single tower of the utility model embodiment 2 produces low-pressure nitrogen;
In Fig. 2: 1 is air cleaner, 2 is air compressor, 3 is nitrogen water precooler, 3-1 air cooling compressor, 3-2 is water cooling tower, 3-3 handpiece Water Chilling Units, 3-4 is water pump 1, 3-5 is water pump 2, 4 is sieve purification system, 4-1 is molecular sieve adsorber 1, 4-2 is molecular sieve adsorber 2, 4-3 is the transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, 4-4 is heater, 4-5 is muffler, 5 is main heat exchanger, 6 is rectifying column, 7 is subcooler, 8 is condenser/evaporator, 9 is waste expansion machine, 10 superchargers driven for waste expansion machine, 11 is nitrogen expansion machine, 12 superchargers driven for nitrogen expansion machine, 13 is choke valve V1, 14 is choke valve V2, 15 is choke valve V3.
Fig. 3 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram that the two stream backed expansion of the single tower of the utility model embodiment 6 produces low-pressure nitrogen;
In Fig. 3: 1 is air cleaner, 2 is air compressor, 3 is aftercooler, 4 is air precooling machine, 5 is sieve purification system, 5-1 is molecular sieve adsorber 1, 5-2 is molecular sieve adsorber 2, 5-3 is the transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, 5-4 is heater, 5-5 is muffler, 6 is main heat exchanger epimere, 7 is main heat exchanger hypomere, 8 is rectifying column, 9 is subcooler, 10 is condenser/evaporator, 11 is waste expansion machine, 12 superchargers driven for waste expansion machine, 13 is nitrogen expansion machine, 14 superchargers driven for nitrogen expansion machine, 15 is choke valve V1, 15 is choke valve V2, 17 is choke valve V3.
Fig. 4 is the apparatus structure schematic diagram that the two stream backed expansion of the single tower of the utility model embodiment 7 produces low-pressure nitrogen.
In Fig. 4: 1 is air cleaner, 2 is air compressor, 3 is nitrogen water precooler, 3-1 air cooling compressor, 3-2 is water cooling tower, 3-3 handpiece Water Chilling Units, 3-4 is water pump 1, 3-5 is water pump 2, 4 is sieve purification system, 4-1 is molecular sieve adsorber 1, 4-2 is molecular sieve adsorber 2, 4-3 is the transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, 4-4 is heater, 4-5 is muffler, 5 is main heat exchanger epimere, 6 is main heat exchanger hypomere, 7 is rectifying column, 8 is subcooler, 9 is condenser/evaporator, 10 is waste expansion machine, 11 superchargers driven for waste expansion machine, 12 is nitrogen expansion machine, 13 superchargers driven for nitrogen expansion machine, 14 is choke valve V1, 15 is choke valve V2, 16 is choke valve V3.
Five, detailed description of the invention:
Set forth the utility model further below in conjunction with embodiment, but do not limit content of the present utility model.
Embodiment 1:
This embodiment is with production 800NM per hour 3, 90KPa, the nitrogen of oxygen content≤10PPM, 33NM 3the nitrogen-making device of liquid nitrogen is example:
See accompanying drawing 1, the two stream backed expansion of the utility model list tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprise air cleaner 1, air compressor 2, aftercooler 3, air precooling machine 4, (sieve purification system 5 is by molecular sieve adsorber 5-1 for sieve purification system 5, molecular sieve adsorber 5-2, transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) 5-3 that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, heater 5-4 and muffler 5-5 is formed), main heat exchanger 6, rectifying column 7, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator 9 at rectifying column top, subcooler 8, choke valve (V1) 14, choke valve (V2) 15, choke valve (V3) 16, waste expansion machine 10, nitrogen expansion machine 12, the supercharger 13 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger 11 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air, its concrete annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner 1 is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor 2 by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor 2 is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling machine 4 by 102 pipelines after aftercooler 3, and the air outlet of air precooling machine 4 is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system 5 by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system 5 is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger 6 by 104 pipelines, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger 6 is communicated with rectifying column 7 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column 7 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger 6 respectively by 203 pipelines, is communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator 9, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger 6 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine 12 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine 12 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger 6 by 205 pipelines, and another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger 6 is discharged by 206 output channels and collected; Liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator 9 discharges collection respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column 7 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve (V1) 14;
Bottom rectifying column 7, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler 8, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler 8 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve (V2) 15, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator 9, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator 9 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler 8 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler 8 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger 6 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger 6 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine 10 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine 10 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger 6 by 307 pipelines, another exhaust piping outlet 308 of main heat exchanger 6 is communicated with sieve purification system 5 through choke valve (V3) 16 respectively by 310 pipelines, by 309 pipeline emptying.
In said apparatus, nitrogen expansion machine 12 and the supercharger 13 driven work asynchronously, and waste expansion machine 10 and the supercharger 11 driven work asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger 6 and subcooler 8 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine, all adopt blower fan to brake; The air precooling machine 4 adopted is made up of evaporimeter E41.
Device described in embodiment 1 carries out the two stream backed expansion of single tower, and to produce low-pressure nitrogen job step as follows:
(1), from the 1815NM in air first after air cleaner 1 removal of impurities 3the raw air of/H, enter in air compressor 2 through 101 pipelines and be compressed to 5.55bar (a), entered in air precooling machine 4 i.e. evaporimeter E41 by 102 pipelines after aftercooler 3 after compression and be cooled to 280K, cooled air enters sieve purification system 5 through 103 pipelines and purifies, except anhydrating and carbon dioxide impurities, the raw air (Carbon Dioxide in Air content≤1PPm after purification after being purified; );
(2) raw air, after step (1) purification directly enters main heat exchanger 6 by 104 pipelines and is cooled to 98.8K (this condition downforce be 5.25bar (a), dew-point temperature be 98.9K), make the liquid containing 5.3mol% (gas phase fraction 0.947) in raw air, then enter rectifying column 7 to be separated, after separation, obtain nitrogen 1833NM at rectifying column 7 top 3/ H, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air 982NM 3/ H;
(3) nitrogen that, step (2) rectifying column 7 top obtains is divided into two parts: a part of nitrogen 800NM 3/ H enters main heat exchanger 6 re-heat to 107.5K by 203 pipelines, then extract out in the middle part of main heat exchanger 6 through 204 pipelines enter nitrogen expansion machine 12 step-down cooling (pressure drops to 2bar (a) from 5bar (a), simultaneous temperature is reduced to 87K from 107.5K), main heat exchanger 6 re-heat is turned back to 282K through 205 pipelines after decrease temperature and pressure, then go out main heat exchanger 6 and discharge collection through 206 output channels, export as product nitrogen gas, product nitrogen gas pressure is 1.9bar (a) (gauge pressure is about 90KPa); Remainder nitrogen 1033NM 3/ H is entered in the condenser/evaporator 9 at rectifying column 7 top by 202 pipelines and is cooled to liquid nitrogen; The liquid nitrogen obtained is divided into two parts, a part of liquid nitrogen 33NM 3/ H, as nitrogen products, to be exported, remainder liquid nitrogen 1000NM by 403 pipelines after choke valve (V1) 14 throttling 3/ H directly sends rectifying column top back to as phegma through 402 pipelines;
(4) the oxygen-enriched liquid air 982NM, obtained bottom step (2) rectifying column 7 3/ H (pressure is 5.23bar (a)) enters subcooler E2 by 301 pipelines and cools (temperature cross be as cold as 96.7K from 98.7K), then 2.4bar (a) is throttled to through 302 pipelines through choke valve (V2) 15, condenser/evaporator 9 is entered by 303 pipelines, in condenser/evaporator 9 oxygen-enriched liquid air under 2.4bar (a) by the nitrogen heating evaporation from rectifying column top, evaporate the waste gas obtained to be discharged by condenser/evaporator 9 top, subcooler 8 is entered by 304 pipelines, cross the cold oxygen-enriched liquid air entered through 301 pipelines from rectifier bottoms, then main heat exchanger 6 re-heat is entered to 107.5K through 305 pipelines, extract out from main heat exchanger 6 after re-heat and enter waste expansion machine 10 through 306 pipelines, through waste expansion machine 10 step-down cooling, (pressure is depressured to 1.22bar (a) from 2.31bar (a), temperature drops to 93.3K from 107.5K), main heat exchanger 6 is turned back to through 307 pipelines after step-down cooling, 282K is heated to by the raw air from sieve purification system 5 in main heat exchanger 6, then export from main heat exchanger 6 top 308 pipeline, the waste gas exported is divided into two parts, the portion accounting for sieve purification system 5 intake air flow 20% enters sieve purification system 5 as regeneration gas through 310 pipelines, remainder waste gas is through 309 pipeline emptying,
(5) gas that, rises in rectifying column 7 is for being cooled to the raw air of below dew-point temperature in from step (2), phegma is the part liquid nitrogen from step (3), utilize the temperature difference between gas-liquid to carry out caloic exchange on rectifying tower plates thus obtain nitrogen at rectifying column C1 top, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air.
Running parameter involved in above-described embodiment 1 device and job step thereof refers to table 1.
Running parameter in table 1 embodiment 1 device and job step thereof involved by each pipeline
101 102 103 104 105 201 202
Temperature K 305 313 280 285 98.8 94.1 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 0.98 5.55 5.47 5.4 5.25 5.05 5.05
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0.947 1 1
Volume flow NM 3/H 1815 1815 1815 1815 1815 1833.13721 1033.13721
Dew-point temperature K 81.354 99.679 99.501 99.322 98.957 94.143 94.143
Mole component
N2 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.997 0.997
O2 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0 0
AR 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.003 0.003
203 204 205 206 301 302 303
Temperature K 94.1 107.5 87 282 98.7 96.7 89.2
Pressure bar (a) 5.05 5 2 1.9 5.23 5.19 2.4
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.079
Volume flow NM 3/H 800 800 800 800 982 982 982
Dew-point temperature K 94.143 94.016 83.615 83.112 101.914 101.813 92.641
Mole component
N2 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.598 0.598 0.598
O2 0 0 0 0 0.387 0.387 0.387
AR 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.015 0.015 0.015
304 305 306 307 308 401 402
Temperature K 92.6 96.4 107.5 93.3 282 94.1 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 2.4 2.36 2.31 1.22 1.12 5.05 5.05
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 982 982 982 982 982 1033.13721 1000.13721
Dew-point temperature K 92.63 92.449 92.22 85.92 85.16 94.133 94.133
Mole component
N2 0.598 0.598 0.598 0.598 0.598 0.997 0.997
O2 0.387 0.387 0.387 0.387 0.387 0 0
AR 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.003 0.003
403
Temperature K 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 5.05
Gas phase fraction 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 33
Dew-point temperature K 94.133
Mole component
N2 0.997
O2 0
AR 0.003
Embodiment 2:
This embodiment is with production 18830NM per hour 3, 10KPa, oxygen content is less than 10PPM nitrogen, 1710NM 3the nitrogen-making device of liquid nitrogen is example:
See accompanying drawing 2, the two stream backed expansion of the utility model list tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprises air cleaner 1, air compressor 2, (nitrogen water precooler 3 is by 3-1 air cooling compressor for nitrogen water precooler 3, 3-2 is water cooling tower, 3-3 handpiece Water Chilling Units, 3-4 is water pump 1 and 3-5 is that water pump 2 is formed), (sieve purification system 4 is by molecular sieve adsorber 4-1 for sieve purification system 4, molecular sieve adsorber 4-2, transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) 4-3 that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, heater 4-4 and muffler 4-5 is formed), main heat exchanger 5, rectifying column 6, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator 8 at rectifying column top, subcooler 7, choke valve (V1) 13, choke valve (V2) 14, choke valve (V3) 15, waste expansion machine 9, nitrogen expansion machine 11, the supercharger 12 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and supercharger 10, two supercharger that waste expansion machine drives are imported and exported and are connected between sieve purification system 4 and main heat exchanger 5 successively by pipeline, and its concrete annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner 1 is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor 2 by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor 2 is communicated with the air intlet of the air cooling compressor 3-1 in nitrogen water precooler 3 by 102 pipelines, and the air outlet slit of air cooling compressor 3-1 is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system 4 by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system 4 is communicated with by the air intlet of the supercharger 12 that 104 pipelines drive with nitrogen expansion machine 11, the air outlet slit of supercharger 12 is communicated with by the air intlet of the supercharger 10 that 104A pipeline drives with waste expansion machine 9, the air outlet slit of supercharger 10 is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger 5 by 104B pipeline, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger 5 is communicated with rectifying column 6 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column 6 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger 5 respectively by 203 pipelines, is communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator 8, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger 5 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine 11 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine 11 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger 5 by 205 pipelines, and another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger 5 is discharged by 206 output channels and collected; Liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator 8 discharges collection respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column 6 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve (V1) 13;
Bottom rectifying column 6, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler 7, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler 7 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve (V2) 14, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator 8, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator 8 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler 7 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler 7 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger 5 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger 5 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine 9 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine 9 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger 5 by 307 pipelines, another exhaust piping outlet of main heat exchanger 5 is communicated with sieve purification system 4 through choke valve (V3) 15 from main heat exchanger 5 upper outlet by 310 pipelines respectively, from main heat exchanger 5 top exit by reclaiming cold in the water cooling tower 3-2 309 pipeline access nitrogen water precoolers 3.
In said apparatus, nitrogen expansion machine 11 and the supercharger 12 driven work asynchronously, and waste expansion machine 9 and the supercharger 10 driven work asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger 5 and subcooler 7 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are oil bearing turbo-expander.3-4 water pump in nitrogen water precooler 3 provides cooling water for air cooling compressor 3-1 bottom, after the water cooling in water cooling tower 3-2 successively after water pump 3-5 and handpiece Water Chilling Units 3-3 cools again for air cold tower 3-1 top provides chilled water.
Device described in embodiment 2 carries out the two stream backed expansion of single tower, and to produce the job step of low-pressure nitrogen as follows:
(1), from the 44550NM in air first after air cleaner 1 removal of impurities 3the raw air of/H, enter in air compressor 2 through 101 pipelines and be compressed to 4.75bar (a), entered by 102 pipelines after compression in the air cooling compressor 3-1 in nitrogen water precooler 3 and be cooled to 283K, cooled air enters sieve purification system 4 through 103 pipelines and purifies, except anhydrating and carbon dioxide impurities, the raw air (in gained raw air carbon dioxide content≤1PPm) after being purified;
(2), raw air after step (1) purification passes through 104 pipelines successively through the supercharger 12 of nitrogen expansion machine 11 driving, the supercharger 10 that waste expansion machine 9 drives promotes the pressure of raw air further to 5.4bar (a), the raw air of 5.4bar (a) enters main heat exchanger 5 by 104B pipeline and is cooled to 98.8K (pressure 5.25bar (a), corresponding dew-point temperature is 98.9K), make the liquid containing 4.7mol% (gas phase fraction 0.953) in raw air, then enter rectifying column 6 to be separated, nitrogen 45278NM is obtained at rectifying column 6 top after separation 3/ H, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air 24010NM 3/ H,
(3) nitrogen that, step (2) rectifying column 6 top obtains is divided into two parts: a part of nitrogen 18830NM 3/ H enters main heat exchanger 5 re-heat to 118K by 203 pipelines, then extract out in the middle part of main heat exchanger 5 through 204 pipelines enter nitrogen expansion machine 11 step-down cooling (pressure drops to 1.22bar (a) from 5bar (a), simultaneous temperature is reduced to 82.6K from 118K), main heat exchanger 5 re-heat is turned back to 303.9K through 205 pipelines after decrease temperature and pressure, then go out main heat exchanger 5 and discharge collection through 206 output channels, export as product nitrogen gas; Remainder nitrogen 26448NM 3/ H is entered in the condenser/evaporator 8 at rectifying column 6 top by 202 pipelines and is cooled to liquid nitrogen; The liquid nitrogen obtained is divided into two parts, a part of liquid nitrogen 1710NM 3/ H, as nitrogen products, to be exported, remainder liquid nitrogen 24738NM by 403 pipelines after choke valve (V1) 13 throttling 3/ H directly sends rectifying column top back to as phegma through 402 pipelines;
(4), the oxygen-enriched liquid air 24010NM that obtains of step (2) rectifier bottoms 3/ H (pressure is 5.23bar (a)) enters subcooler 7 by 301 pipelines and cools (temperature cross be as cold as 96.7K from 98.7K), then 2.39bar (a) is throttled to through 302 pipelines through choke valve (V2) 14, condenser/evaporator 8 is entered by 303 pipelines, in condenser/evaporator 8 oxygen-enriched liquid air under 2.39bar (a) by the nitrogen heating evaporation from rectifying column 6 top, evaporate the waste gas obtained to be discharged by condenser/evaporator 8 top, subcooler 7 is entered by 304 pipelines, cross the cold oxygen-enriched liquid air entered through 301 pipelines from rectifier bottoms, then main heat exchanger 5 re-heat is entered to 107.5K through 305 pipelines, extract out from main heat exchanger 5 after re-heat and enter waste expansion machine 9 through 306 pipelines, through waste expansion machine 9 step-down cooling, (pressure is depressured to 1.22bar (a) from 2.3bar (a), temperature drops to 100.6K from 118K), main heat exchanger 5 is turned back to through 307 pipelines after step-down cooling, heated by the raw air from sieve purification system 4 in main heat exchanger 5, waste gas in main heat exchanger 5 is divided into two parts: wherein account for sieve purification system 4 imported raw material air mass flow 20% portion and be heated to 285K and extract out from main heat exchanger 5 upper outlet, and enter sieve purification system 4 as regeneration gas through 310 pipelines, remainder waste gas continues to be heated to 303.9K and extracts out from top in main heat exchanger, reclaims cold in the water cooling tower 3-2 then in 309 pipelines feeding nitrogen water precoolers 3,
(5) gas that, rises in rectifying column 6 is for being cooled to the raw air of below dew-point temperature in from step (2), phegma is the part liquid nitrogen from step (3), utilize the temperature difference between gas-liquid to carry out caloic exchange on rectifying tower plates thus obtain nitrogen at rectifying column 6 top, bottom obtains oxygen-enriched liquid air.
Running parameter involved in device described in embodiment 2 and job step is shown in full edition 2.
Running parameter in device described in table 2 embodiment 2 and job step involved by each pipeline
101 102 103 104 104A 104B 105
Temperature K 305 313 283 288 299.7 306.9 98.8
Pressure bar (a) 0.98 4.75 4.67 4.6 5.11 5.4 5.25
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.953
Volume flow NM 3/H 44550 44550 44550 44550 44550 44550 44550
Dew-point temperature K 81.354 97.682 97.482 97.281 98.611 99.322 98.957
Mole component
N2 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781
O2 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209
AR 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009
201 202 203 204 205 206 301
Temperature K 94.1 94.1 94.1 118 82.6 303.9 98.7
Pressure bar (a) 5.05 5.05 5.05 5 1.22 1.12 5.23
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 45278.2862 26448.2862 18830 18830 18830 18830 24010
Dew-point temperature K 94.142 94.142 94.142 94.015 78.928 78.187 101.938
Mole component
N2 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.597
O2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.389
AR 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.015
302 303 304 305 306 307 309
Temperature K 96.7 89.3 92.6 96.4 118 100.6 303.9
Pressure bar (a) 5.19 2.4 2.39 2.35 2.3 1.22 1.12
Gas phase fraction 0 0.079 1 1 1 1 1
Volume flow NM 3/H 24010 24010 24010 24010 24010 24010 15090
Dew-point temperature K 101.837 92.662 92.634 92.453 92.223 85.94 85.18
Mole component
N2 0.597 0.597 0.597 0.597 0.597 0.597 0.597
O2 0.389 0.389 0.389 0.389 0.389 0.389 0.389
AR 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
310 401 402 403
Temperature K 285 94.1 94.1 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 1.22 5.05 5.05 5.05
Gas phase fraction 1 0 0 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 8920 26448.2862 24738.2862 1710
Dew-point temperature K 85.94 94.133 94.133 94.133
Mole component
N2 0.597 0.997 0.997 0.997
O2 0.389 0 0 0
AR 0.015 0.003 0.003 0.003
Embodiment 3: substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is:
Substantially identical with device described in embodiment 1, difference is: in device described in the present embodiment, each equipment de-sign parameter is different, thus per hourly can produce 800NM 3, 12KPa, oxygen content is less than the nitrogen of 10PPM, and 54 NM 3liquid nitrogen.
In this embodiment, the running parameter of device refers to table 3.
The running parameter that in device described in table 3 embodiment 3, each pipeline relates to
101 102 103 104 105 201 202
Temperature K 305 313 280 285 98.7 94.1 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 0.98 5.55 5.47 5.4 5.25 5.05 5.05
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0.939 1 1
Volume flow NM 3/H 1875 1875 1875 1875 1875 1876.60567 1076.60567
Dew-point temperature K 81.354 99.679 99.501 99.322 98.957 94.141 94.141
Mole component
N2 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.997 0.997
O2 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0 0
AR 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.003 0.003
203 204 205 206 301 302 303
Temperature K 94.1 109.5 79.6 282 98.7 96.7 89.3
Pressure bar (a) 5.05 5 1.22 1.12 5.23 5.19 2.41
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.078
Volume flow NM 3/H 800 800 800 800 1021 1021 1021
Dew-point temperature K 94.141 94.014 78.927 78.186 101.876 101.775 92.651
Mole component
N2 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.997 0.601 0.601 0.601
O2 0 0 0 0 0.385 0.385 0.385
AR 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.015 0.015 0.015
304 305 306 307 308 401 402
Temperature K 92.6 96.4 109.5 95 282 94.1 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 2.41 2.37 2.32 1.22 1.12 5.05 5.05
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 1021 1021 1021 1021 1021 1076.60567 1022.60567
Dew-point temperature K 92.631 92.451 92.222 85.887 85.128 94.131 94.131
Mole component
N2 0.601 0.601 0.601 0.601 0.601 53.841 53.841
O2 0.385 0.385 0.385 0.385 0.385 0 0
AR 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.158 0.158
403
Temperature K 94.1
Pressure bar (a) 5.05
Gas phase fraction 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 54
Dew-point temperature K 94.131
Mole component
N2 53.841
O2 0
AR 0.158
Embodiment 4: substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is:
Substantially identical with device described in embodiment 2, difference is: in the present embodiment device, each equipment de-sign parameter is different, thus per hourly can produce 800NM 3, 12KPa, oxygen content is less than 10PPM nitrogen, and 160NM 3liquid nitrogen.
In this embodiment, the running parameter of device refers to table 4.
The running parameter that in device described in table 4 embodiment 4, each pipeline relates to
101 102 103 104 105 201 202
Temperature K 305 313 280 285 105.3 100.9 100.9
Pressure bar (a) 0.98 8.8 8.72 8.65 8.5 8.29 8.29
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0.912 1 1
Volume flow NM 3/H 2450 2450 2450 2450 2450 2398.27035 1598.27035
Dew-point temperature K 81.354 106.109 105.982 105.855 105.597 100.897 100.897
Mole component
N2 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.999 0.999
O2 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0 0
AR 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.001 0.001
203 204 205 206 301 302 303
Temperature K 100.9 127 83.1 282 105.2 103.6 96.4
Pressure bar (a) 8.29 8.24 1.22 1.12 8.47 8.43 4.52
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.086
Volume flow NM 3/H 800 800 800 800 1490 1490 1490
Dew-point temperature K 100.897 100.809 78.904 78.163 107.971 107.901 99.385
Mole component
N2 0.999 0.999 0.999 0.999 0.641 0.641 0.641
O2 0 0 0 0 0.344 0.344 0.344
AR 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.014 0.014 0.014
304 305 306 307 308 401 402
Temperature K 99.4 102.5 127 95.9 282 100.9 100.9
Pressure bar (a) 4.52 4.48 4.43 1.22 1.12 8.29 8.29
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 1490 1490 1490 1490 1490 1598.27035 1438.27035
Dew-point temperature K 99.385 99.273 99.133 85.347 84.592 100.891 100.891
Mole component
N2 0.641 0.641 0.641 0.641 0.641 0.999 0.999
O2 0.344 0.344 0.344 0.344 0.344 0 0
AR 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.001 0.001
403
Temperature K 100.9
Pressure bar (a) 8.29
Gas phase fraction 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 160
Dew-point temperature K 100.891
Mole component
N2 0.999
O2 0
AR 0.001
Embodiment 5: substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is:
Substantially identical with device described in embodiment 2, difference: in the present embodiment device, each equipment de-sign parameter is different, thus per hourly can produce 18830NM 3, 12KPa, oxygen content is less than 10PPM nitrogen, 3766NM 3liquid nitrogen.
In this embodiment, the running parameter of device refers to table 5.
The running parameter that in device described in table 5 embodiment 5, each pipeline relates to
101 102 103 104 104A 104B 105
Temperature K 305 313 283 288 302.2 321.1 105.1
Pressure bar (a) 0.98 6.56 6.49 6.41 7.28 8.5 8.35
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.934
Volume flow NM 3/H 55500 55500 55500 55500 55500 55500 55500
Dew-point temperature K 81.354 101.919 101.762 101.603 103.367 105.597 105.336
Mole component
N2 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781 0.781
O2 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209 0.209
AR 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009 0.009
201 202 203 204 205 206 301
Temperature K 100.6 100.6 100.6 136.3 84.9 318.1 105
Pressure bar (a) 8.14 8.14 8.14 8.09 1.22 1.12 8.32
Gas phase fraction 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 55641.4818 36811.4818 18830 18830 18830 18830 32904
Dew-point temperature K 100.646 100.646 100.646 100.556 78.918 78.177 107.85
Mole component
N2 0.998 0.998 0.998 0.998 0.998 0.998 0.632
O2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.353
AR 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.014
302 303 304 305 306 307 309
Temperature K 103.2 96.1 99.1 102.7 136.3 99.6 318.1
Pressure bar (a) 8.28 4.39 4.39 4.35 4.3 1.22 1.12
Gas phase fraction 0 0.084 1 1 1 1 1
Volume flow NM 3/H 32904 32904 32904 32904 32904 32904 21804
Dew-point temperature K 107.778 99.135 99.135 99.021 98.877 85.465 84.71
Mole component
N2 0.632 0.632 0.632 0.632 0.632 0.632 0.632
O2 0.353 0.353 0.353 0.353 0.353 0.353 0.353
AR 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014 0.014
310 401 402 403
Temperature K 285 100.6 100.6 100.6
Pressure bar (a) 1.22 8.14 8.14 8.14
Gas phase fraction 1 0 0 0
Volume flow NM 3/H 11100 36811.4818 33045.4818 3766
Dew-point temperature K 85.465 100.639 100.639 100.639
Mole component
N2 0.632 0.998 0.998 0.998
O2 0.353 0 0 0
AR 0.014 0.002 0.002 0.002
Embodiment 6: substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is:
Main heat exchanger E1 adopts combined type, and namely main heat exchanger E1 is divided into epimere E1-1 and main heat exchanger epimere and hypomere E1-2 and main heat exchanger hypomere two parts.
This embodiment is similarly to Example 1 with production 800NM per hour 3, 90KPa, oxygen content is less than 10PPM nitrogen, 33NM 3the nitrogen-making device of liquid nitrogen is example:
See accompanying drawing 3, the two stream backed expansion of the utility model list tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprise air cleaner 1, air compressor 2, aftercooler 3, air precooling machine 4, (sieve purification system 5 is by molecular sieve adsorber 5-1 for sieve purification system 5, molecular sieve adsorber 5-2, transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) 5-3 that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, heater 5-4 and muffler 5-5 is formed), main heat exchanger epimere 6, main heat exchanger hypomere 7, rectifying column 8, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator 10 at rectifying column top, subcooler 9, choke valve (V1) 15, choke valve (V2) 16, choke valve (V3) 17, waste expansion machine 11, nitrogen expansion machine 13, the supercharger 14 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger 12 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air, its concrete annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner 1 is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor 2 by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor 2 is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling machine 4 by 102 pipelines after aftercooler 3, and the air outlet of air precooling machine 4 is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system 5 by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system 5 is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 6 by 104 pipelines, the air outlet of main heat exchanger epimere 6 is communicated with the air intlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 by 104C pipeline, and the air outlet slit of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 is communicated with rectifying column 8 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column 8 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with respectively by the nitrogen inlet of 203 pipelines with main heat exchanger hypomere 7, be communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator 10, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine 13 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine 13 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 by 205 pipelines, another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 6 by 205A pipeline, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger epimere 6 is discharged by 206 output channels and is collected, liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator 10 discharges collection respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column 8 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve (V1) 15,
Bottom rectifying column 8, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler 9, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler 9 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve (V2) 16, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator 10, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator 10 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler 9 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler 9 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine 11 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine 11 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 7 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 6 by 307A pipeline, the exhaust piping outlet 308 of main heat exchanger epimere 6 is communicated with sieve purification system 5 through choke valve (V3) 17 respectively by 310 pipelines, by 309 pipeline emptying.
In said apparatus, nitrogen expansion machine 13 and the supercharger 14 driven work asynchronously, and waste expansion machine 11 and the supercharger 12 driven work asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger epimere, main heat exchanger hypomere 7 and subcooler 9 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine, all adopt blower fan to brake.
Device described in embodiment 6 carries out the job step that the two stream backed expansion of single tower produces low-pressure nitrogen, and substantially identical with the job step of device described in embodiment 1, difference is:
Main heat exchanger E1 adopts combined type to be that main heat exchanger E1 to be divided into epimere E1-1 and main heat exchanger epimere 6 and hypomere E1-2 and main heat exchanger hypomere 7 two parts by 107.5K place by main heat exchanger E1 at cold flow side temperature, and now raw air temperature when 104C pipeline goes out epimere E1-1 is 117.27K.
Embodiment 7: substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is:
Main heat exchanger E1 adopts combined type, and namely main heat exchanger E1 is divided into epimere E1-1 and main heat exchanger epimere 5 and hypomere E1-2 and main heat exchanger hypomere 6 two parts.
This embodiment is similarly to Example 3 with production 18830NM per hour 3, 12KPa, oxygen content is less than 10PPM nitrogen, 1710NM 3the nitrogen-making device of liquid nitrogen is example:
See accompanying drawing 4, the two stream backed expansion of the utility model list tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, comprises air cleaner 1, air compressor 2, (nitrogen water precooler 3 is by 3-1 air cooling compressor for nitrogen water precooler 3, 3-2 is water cooling tower, 3-3 handpiece Water Chilling Units, 3-4 is water pump 1 and 3-5 is that water pump 2 is formed), (sieve purification system 4 is by molecular sieve adsorber 4-1 for sieve purification system 4, molecular sieve adsorber 4-2, transfer valve (KV1 ~ KV11) 4-3 that Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve controls, heater 4-4 and muffler 4-5 is formed), main heat exchanger epimere 5, main heat exchanger hypomere 6, rectifying column 7, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator 9 at rectifying column top, subcooler 8, choke valve (V1) 14, choke valve (V2) 15, choke valve (V3) 16, waste expansion machine 10, nitrogen expansion machine 12, the supercharger 13 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and supercharger 11, two supercharger that waste expansion machine drives are imported and exported and are connected between sieve purification system 4 and main heat exchanger epimere 5 successively by pipeline, and its concrete annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner 1 is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor 2 by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor 2 is communicated with the air intlet of the air cooling compressor 3-1 in nitrogen water precooler 3 by 102 pipelines, and the air outlet slit of air cooling compressor 3-1 is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system 4 by 103 pipelines, the air outlet of sieve purification system 4 is communicated with by the air intlet of the supercharger 13 that 104 pipelines drive with nitrogen expansion machine 12, the air outlet slit of supercharger 13 is communicated with by the air intlet of the supercharger 11 that 104A pipeline drives with waste expansion machine 10, the air outlet slit of supercharger 11 is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 5 by 104B pipeline, the air outlet of main heat exchanger epimere 5 is communicated with the air intlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 by 104C pipeline, the air outlet slit of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 is communicated with rectifying column 7 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines,
Rectifying column 7 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with respectively by the nitrogen inlet of 203 pipelines with main heat exchanger hypomere 6, be communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator 9, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine 12 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine 12 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 by 205 pipelines, another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 5 by 205A pipeline, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger epimere 5 is discharged by 206 output channels and is collected, liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator 9 discharges collection respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column 7 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve (V1) 14,
Bottom rectifying column 7, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler 8, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler 8 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve (V2) 15, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator 9, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator 9 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler 8 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler 8 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine 10 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine 10 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere 6 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger epimere 5 by 307A pipeline, the waste gas of main heat exchanger epimere 5 is communicated with sieve purification system 4 through choke valve (V3) 16 from main heat exchanger epimere 5 upper outlet by 310 pipelines respectively, from main heat exchanger epimere 5 top exit by reclaiming cold in the water cooling tower 3-2 309 pipeline access nitrogen water precoolers 3.
In said apparatus, nitrogen expansion machine 12 and the supercharger 13 driven work asynchronously, and waste expansion machine 10 and the supercharger 11 driven work asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger epimere 5 and main heat exchanger hypomere 6 and subcooler 8 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are oil bearing turbo-expander.
In said apparatus, the 3-4 water pump in nitrogen water precooler 3 provides cooling water for air cooling compressor 3-1 bottom, after the water cooling in water cooling tower 3-2 successively after water pump 3-5 and handpiece Water Chilling Units 3-3 cools again for air cold tower 3-1 top provides chilled water.
Device described in embodiment 7 carries out the job step that the two stream backed expansion of single tower produces low-pressure nitrogen, and substantially identical with the job step of device described in embodiment 2, difference is:
Main heat exchanger E1 adopts combined type to be that main heat exchanger E1 to be divided into epimere E1-1 and main heat exchanger epimere 5 and hypomere E1-2 and main heat exchanger hypomere 6 two parts by 118K place by main heat exchanger E1 at cold flow side temperature, and now raw air temperature when 104C pipeline goes out epimere E1-1 is 135K.
Above-described embodiment 3-5 main heat exchanger also can adopt combined type, with reference to embodiment 6 or 7, be that main heat exchanger E1 is divided into epimere E1-1 and hypomere E1-2 two parts by 109.5K, 127K, 136.3K place by main heat exchanger E1 at respective cold flow side temperature, now raw air temperature when 104C pipeline goes out epimere E1-1 be 121.17K, 144.85,162.17K.

Claims (6)

1. the two stream backed expansion of a single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, it is characterized in that, comprise air cleaner AF, air compressor TC, air precooling system RU, sieve purification system MS, main heat exchanger E1, rectifying column C1, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator K1 at rectifying column top, subcooler E2, choke valve, waste expansion machine ET2, nitrogen expansion machine ET1, the supercharger BT1 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger BT2 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air respectively or be connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger E1 successively by pipeline, be connected by pipeline between each equipment, annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner AF is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor TC by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor TC is directly communicated with by 102 pipelines with the air inlet of air precooling system RU or is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling system RU after aftercooler WE, and the air outlet of air precooling system RU is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system MS by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system to be directly communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 104 pipelines or the air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with the air inlet of main heat exchanger E1 after exhaust gas machine BT2 through nitrogen supercharging machine BT1 successively by 104 pipelines, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with rectifying column C1 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column C1 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger E1 respectively by 203 pipelines, is communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator K1, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 205 pipelines, and another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is discharged by 206 output channels and collected; Liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is discharged collect respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column C1 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve V1;
Bottom rectifying column C1, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler E2, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler E2 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator K1, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler E2 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler E2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine ET2 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine ET2 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger E1 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger E1 is communicated with sieve purification system MS respectively by 310 pipelines, discharged by 309 pipelines or be communicated with air precooling system RU.
2. the two stream backed expansion of single tower according to claim 1 produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, and it is characterized in that: the supercharger BT1 of described nitrogen expansion machine ET1 and driving works asynchronously, the supercharger BT2 of waste expansion machine ET2 and driving works asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger E1 and subcooler E2 is plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine or oil bearing turbo-expander.
3. the two stream backed expansion of single tower according to claim 1 produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, it is characterized in that: described sieve purification system comprises transfer valve KV1 ~ KV11 that at least two molecular sieve adsorber MS1/MS2, a heater EH and a set of Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve control;
Described air precooling system is air precooling machine or nitrogen water precooler;
When described air precooling system is air precooling machine, air precooling machine comprises at least one evaporimeter E41; When described air precooling system is nitrogen water precooler, nitrogen water precooler comprises at least one air cooling compressor AT, water cooling tower WT, two water pump WP1/WP2 and handpiece Water Chilling Units CU.
4. the two stream backed expansion of a single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, it is characterized in that, comprise air cleaner AF, air compressor TC, air precooling system RU, sieve purification system MS, main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2, rectifying column C1, be arranged on the condenser/evaporator K1 at rectifying column top, subcooler E2, choke valve, waste expansion machine ET2, nitrogen expansion machine ET1, the supercharger BT1 that nitrogen expansion machine drives and the supercharger BT2 that waste expansion machine drives, two superchargers are imported and exported and are communicated with air respectively or be connected between sieve purification system MS and main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 successively by pipeline, be connected by pipeline between each equipment, annexation is:
The air inlet of air cleaner AF is raw air input port, its gas outlet is communicated with the air inlet of air compressor TC by 101 pipelines, the air outlet of air compressor TC is directly communicated with by 102 pipelines with the air inlet of air precooling system RU or is communicated with the air inlet of air precooling system RU after aftercooler WE, and the air outlet of air precooling system RU is communicated with the air inlet of sieve purification system MS by 103 pipelines; The air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 successively by 104 pipelines or the air outlet of sieve purification system MS is communicated with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 after exhaust gas machine through nitrogen supercharging machine successively by 104 pipelines, and the air outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with rectifying column C1 lower air air inlet by 105 pipelines;
Rectifying column C1 top nitrogen 201 pipe outlet is communicated with respectively by the nitrogen inlet of 203 pipelines with main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2, be communicated with by the nitrogen inlet of 202 pipelines with condenser/evaporator K1, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 by 204 pipelines, the nitrogen outlet of nitrogen expansion machine ET1 is communicated with another nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 205 pipelines, another nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the nitrogen inlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 by 205A pipeline, the nitrogen outlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 is discharged through 206 output channels and is collected, liquid nitrogen 401 pipe outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is discharged collect respectively by 402 pipelines and rectifying column C1 top liquid nitrogen inlet communication, by 403 output channels after choke valve V1,
Bottom rectifying column C1, oxygen-enriched liquid air exports the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication by 301 pipelines and subcooler E2, the oxygen-enriched liquid air of subcooler E2 exports by 302 pipelines and after choke valve V2, passes through the oxygen-enriched liquid air inlet communication of 303 pipelines and condenser/evaporator K1, the waste gas outlet of condenser/evaporator K1 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of subcooler E2 by 304 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of subcooler E2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 305 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with the exhaust gas inlet of waste expansion machine ET2 by 306 pipelines, the waste gas outlet of waste expansion machine ET2 is communicated with another exhaust gas inlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 by 307 pipelines, another waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger hypomere E1-2 is communicated with through the exhaust gas inlet of 307A pipeline with main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, the waste gas outlet of main heat exchanger epimere E1-1 is communicated with sieve purification system MS respectively by 310 pipelines, discharged by 309 pipelines or be communicated with air precooling system RU.
5. the two stream backed expansion of single tower according to claim 4 produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, and it is characterized in that: the supercharger BT1 of described nitrogen expansion machine ET1 and driving works asynchronously, the supercharger BT2 of waste expansion machine ET2 and driving works asynchronously; Described main heat exchanger epimere E1-1, hypomere E1-2 and subcooler E2 are plate-fin heat exchanger; Described nitrogen expansion machine and waste expansion machine are gas-bearing expansion turbine or oil bearing turbo-expander.
6. the two stream backed expansion of single tower according to claim 4 produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen, it is characterized in that: described sieve purification system MS comprises transfer valve KV1 ~ KV11 that at least two molecular sieve adsorber MS1/MS2, a heater EH and a set of Automatic Switch over Program for Molecular Sieve control;
Described air precooling system is air precooling machine or nitrogen water precooler;
When described air precooling system is air precooling machine, air precooling machine comprises at least one evaporimeter E41; When described air precooling system is nitrogen water precooler, nitrogen water precooler comprises at least one air cooling compressor AT, water cooling tower WT, two water pump WP1/WP2 and handpiece Water Chilling Units CU.
CN201520267483.1U 2015-04-29 2015-04-29 The two stream backed expansion of single tower produces the device of low-pressure nitrogen Expired - Fee Related CN204594094U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104807290A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-29 河南开元空分集团有限公司 Device and method for preparing low-pressure nitrogen gas by using single-tower double-backflow expansion

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104807290A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-29 河南开元空分集团有限公司 Device and method for preparing low-pressure nitrogen gas by using single-tower double-backflow expansion

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