CN204565613U - Small-size numerical control milling and drilling machine - Google Patents

Small-size numerical control milling and drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204565613U
CN204565613U CN 201520111654 CN201520111654U CN204565613U CN 204565613 U CN204565613 U CN 204565613U CN 201520111654 CN201520111654 CN 201520111654 CN 201520111654 U CN201520111654 U CN 201520111654U CN 204565613 U CN204565613 U CN 204565613U
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control
cutter
numerical
tool
setting
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CN 201520111654
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Chinese (zh)
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杨有才
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安徽金义得机械有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model provides a small-size numerical control milling and drilling machine, including the electric cabinet assembly of control, bore the cutter head case, the stand, the workstation, the base, base cabinet assembly and numerical control computer, still including correction tool setting device, revise tool setting device install in on workstation and the brill cutter head case 3 individual CCD camera and 3 laser range finder, the Z that the CCD camera was fixed respectively at the workstation is to slip table both ends and the dead ahead of X to the slip table, said laser range finder fixes respectively on boring cutter head case both sides board and positive panel, and all is connected with the numerical control computer, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that, through the distance parameter of acquisition and analysis laser range finder to table surface, can revise the milling and drilling machine coordinate system in real time, through the acquisition and analysis CCD camera to treating the image parameter of machined part and cutter, can effectively improve tool setting precision and tool setting efficiency, this utility model structure is compact, easy operation, appearance elegant appearance is suitable for the enterprise, school, uses such as scientific research institutions

Description

一种小型数控铣钻床 A small CNC milling drilling machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及数控机床技术领域,具体涉及一种小型数控铣钻床。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of CNC technology, particularly relates to a compact CNC milling drilling.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 数控铣床是在普通铣床上集成了数字控制系统,可以在程序代码的控制下较精确地进行铣削加工的机床。 [0002] The CNC milling machine is an integrated digital control system in the ordinary milling machine, milling can be accurately performed under the control of the machine than the program code. 从制造技术发展的要求看,随着新材料和新工艺的出现,以及市场竞争对低成本的要求,金属切削加工正朝着切削速度和精度越来越高、生产效率越来越高和系统越来越可靠,各个工位结构设计布局越来越具备人性化的方向发展,这就要求在传统机床基础上发展起来的数控机床精度更高,驱动功率更大,机械机构动静、热态刚度更好,工作更可靠,能实现长时同连续运行和尽可能少的停机时间,这其中,又以对刀工序的要求为最。 From the technical requirements of the development of manufacturing perspective, with the advent of new materials and new technology, as well as competition in the market demand for low-cost, metal cutting and precision cutting speed is moving higher and higher, higher and higher production efficiency and systems more reliably, each station includes a design layout more humane direction, which requires higher precision CNC machine tools developed on the basis of conventional machines, greater driving power, mechanical movement means, hot stiffness better, more reliable, continuous operation can be achieved with the duration and minimal downtime, which, in turn processes required for the knife for the most.

[0003] 所谓对刀,是指通过刀具或对刀工具确定工件坐标系与机床坐标系之间的空间位置关系,并将对刀数据输入到相应的存储位置,它是数控加工过程中最重要的操作内容,其准确性将直接影响零件的加工精度。 [0003] The so-called knife, the tool means or by determining the spatial relationship between the coordinate system and the workpiece coordinate system for the machine tool knife, the knife and the data input to the respective storage location, which is the most important process NC operation content, which will directly affect the accuracy of machining accuracy.

[0004] 现有技术的数控机床采用的主要对刀方法有:利用铣刀试切削和借助光电寻边器两种。 [0004] The prior art CNC machine tool mainly used methods: milling test using a cutting means and a photoelectric edge finder two kinds.

[0005] 铣刀试切削对刀方法的对刀方法为:首先在机床主轴上安装铣刀,操作人员用手轮移动机床直接与工件相切并观察试切区域,确认刀具接触工件一边后停止,该对刀方法亦可称为试切寻边法。 [0005] cutter knife cutting test methods knife method: First, the cutter is mounted on the machine spindle, the machine operator moves the hand wheel and the workpiece directly tangential cut region was observed again, to confirm contact with the workpiece while the tool is stopped after the method may also be referred to as the knife cutting edge finder test method. 在数控铣刀中采用试切法分中对刀过程如下(长方体毛坯为例):用试切法找到毛坯一边后,在面板相对坐标中清零(获得暂时基准),刀具移动到毛坯另一边进行试切寻边,此时,获得面板上相对坐标数值等于毛坯该方向总长加上刀具直径长度。 Test points in the cutting method using the knife follows (Example rectangular blank) NC milling cutter: After finding trial with a blank side cut method, is cleared (to obtain the temporary reference) coordinates relative to the panel, the tool moves to the other side of the blank trial cutting edge finder, this time to obtain relative coordinate values ​​on the display panel is equal to the total length of the blank plus the tool diameter to the length direction. 用手轮把机床移动到该数值的一半,机床到达毛坯分中位置。 The machine moves the handwheel to half the value, the machine reaches the position of points in the blank. 再将面板中的机械坐标输入到参数-坐标设置-G54处,则完成对刀。 Machine coordinates and then input to the parameter panel - coordinate setting -G54, the knife is completed.

[0006] 借助光电寻边器对刀法的对刀方法为:将光电寻边器安装在主轴上,光电寻边器内装有灯泡并在中间有绝缘胶圈断开电回路,当寻边器与金属毛坯接触时,通过主轴到机床床身到工作台再到毛坯的电回路接通,使寻边器中的灯泡发亮,达到寻边效果。 [0006] Optical edge finder means of the knife blade method: photoelectric edge finder mounted on the spindle, a photoelectric bulb edge finder that has the intermediate insulating apron and break electrical circuits, when the edge finder when contact with the metal blank, the machine bed through the spindle to the table and then turned blank electrical circuit, so that the edge finder lamp lit, to find the edge effect.

[0007] 无论是利用铣刀试刀削对到法还是利用光电寻边器对刀法,都需要操作人员凭借经验控制机床进行寻边,对操作人员的操作经验要求高,容易出现工件过切甚至撞到机床等问题。 [0007] Whether the milling cutter again sliced ​​to a photoelectric method or use of knife edge finder, the operator needs to control a machine tool with the experience edge finder, requires high experience of the operator, and prone to cut through the workpiece even hit machine tools and other issues. 其中试切寻刀法比光电寻边器切削工件精度更易受刀具精度和操作人员技术水平影响,但光电寻边器则不能用于非导电材料。 Wherein finding trial cutting blade than the cutting edge finder photoelectric work precision and accuracy is more susceptible to the tool operator skill level of impact, but the photoelectric edge finder can not be used for non-conductive material. 而且,当需加工零件外形不规则时对刀过程和考虑因素更为复杂。 Further, when the irregular shape of the part to be processed on the knife and during more complex considerations.

[0008] 另外,在长期使用过程中,数控机床的各部件会出现不同程度的振动偏移,特别是刀具与工作台的相对空间位置产生较大的偏差,导致原有的坐标系偏转,将严重影响加工件的加工精度。 [0008] Further, the long-term use, the components of the CNC machine tool vibration displacement occurs in varying degrees, in particular the relative spatial position of the tool relative to the table have a greater variation, resulting in deflection of the original coordinate system, the seriously affecting the machining accuracy of the workpiece. 因此,需要提供一种新型的机床对刀装置,其能够克服以上技术问题,且操作简单,精度高,效率高。 Accordingly, it is necessary to provide a novel machine tool means, capable of overcoming the above technical problems, and the operation is simple, high precision and high efficiency. 实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本实用新型的目的在于提出一种小型数控铣钻床,所述铣钻床采用集成化设计,还包括修正对刀装置,不仅具有机械强度高、结构紧凑、操作方便等特点,更解决了上述现有技术中对刀精度及对刀效率低的技术问题。 [0009] The object of the present invention to provide a small CNC milling drilling, milling drilling using the integrated design, the knife further comprises a correction means, not only a high mechanical strength, compact structure, easy to operate, more resolved the above-described prior art problems and a cutter knife precision inefficient technique.

[0010] 本实用新型采用的技术方案如下:一种小型数控铣钻床,包括控制电柜总成、钻铣头箱、立柱、工作台、底座、底柜总成和数控电脑,所述工作台下部安装有X向滑台和Z向滑台,所述钻铣头箱与立柱之间安装有Y向滑台,其特征在于,所述数控铣钻床还包括修正对刀装置,所述修正对刀装置安装于数控铣钻床的工作台和钻铣头箱上,所述修正对刀装置包括第一CXD摄像头、第二CXD摄像头、第三CXD摄像头、第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪,所述第一CCD摄像头和第二CCD摄像头分别对称固定在所述工作台的Z向滑台两端,所述第三CCD摄像头固定在所述工作台的X向滑台的正前方,所述第三CCD摄像头与第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头分别成正交放置,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪分别竖直向下固定在所述钻铣头箱两 [0010] The present invention adopts the following technical solution: a small CNC milling drilling, comprising a control cabinet assembly, drill milling box, column, table, base, base cabinet assembly and computer numerical control, the table a lower portion attached to X and Z to slide to slide, the drill is mounted to slide between Y and the column milling head box, characterized in that the CNC milling drilling tool further comprises a means for correcting, the correction of knife means mounted on the drilling table CNC milling and drilling milling box, said correcting means comprising a first knife CXD camera, CXD second camera, third camera CXD, a first laser range finder, a second laser measuring from the instrument and a third laser range finder, the first CCD camera and a second CCD camera are symmetrically fixed to the ends of the slide table Z, a third CCD camera fixed to the table X towards the front of the slide table, the first and third CCD camera, CCD camera, a second CCD camera are disposed orthogonal to the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser measuring laser rangefinder distance meter respectively vertically downwards from the drill box two milling 侧板及正面板上,呈品字形排布,且均处于同一水平面上,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪均与所述钻铣头箱底部的刀具中轴线平行,所述第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头、第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪分别与所述数控铣钻床的数控电脑连接。 Front panel and side panels, arranged in a triangle shape, and are in the same horizontal plane, the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser rangefinder laser rangefinder each case the milling drill in parallel to the axis of the tool at the bottom, the first CCD camera, CCD camera, a second, a third CCD camera, a laser rangefinder first, second and third laser rangefinder and the laser rangefinder are CNC milling CNC drilling machine connected to the computer.

[0011] 优化的,所述修正对刀装置还包括第一支撑块、第二支撑块、第三支撑块,所述第一 CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头分别对应固定在所述第一支撑块、第二支撑块、第三支撑块上,所述第一支撑块和第二支撑块沿所述工作台的中点对称固定在所述工作台的Z向滑台两端,所述第三支撑块固定在所述工作台X向滑台的正前方。 [0011] optimization of the correction means further comprises a first knife support block, a second support block, a third support block, the first CCD camera, CCD camera, a second, a third CCD camera is fixed to the respectively corresponding said first supporting block, a second support block, a third support block, and a midpoint between the first support block along the second table support block fixed symmetrically to both ends of said slide table Z the third block is fixed to the support table in front of the X-direction of the slider.

[0012] 优化的,所述第三CCD摄像头的中轴线与所述第三激光测距仪的中轴线、所述刀具的中轴线以及所述工作台的中线均处于同一XY平面上。 [0012] Optimization of the third axis of the CCD camera and laser rangefinder to the third axis, the central axis of the tool and the center line of the table are at the same XY plane.

[0013] 优化的,所述第一CXD摄像头、第二CXD摄像头和第三CXD摄像头均为同一规格型号,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪均为同一规格型号。 [0013] Optimization, the CXD first camera, a second camera CXD CXD and third cameras are the same specifications, the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser range finder laser rangefinder We are of the same standard models.

[0014] 优化的,所述X向滑台、Y向滑台以及Z向滑台表面均包覆安装有折叠式防尘罩。 [0014] optimized to the X slider, Y and Z to slide the slide mounting surfaces are coated with a dust cover folding.

[0015] 优化的,所述数控铣钻床还包括集成柜体,所述集成柜体为长方体形结构,将所述数控铣钻床整体包覆于柜体内,所述集成柜体正面板上对应工作台和钻铣头箱的位置开设有带滑槽的窗口,所述窗口上安装有透明滑门,所述集成柜体两侧面板上对应工作台和钻铣头箱的位置均开设有安装口,安装口上铰接有透明推拉门。 [0015] Optimization of the CNC milling drilling further comprises an integrated cabinet, the cabinet is rectangular shaped integrated structure, the CNC milling drilling integrally coated on the cabinet, the cabinet front panel corresponding to the integrated work milling and drilling position of the stage defines a window box with a chute, the sliding door transparent window is mounted, the position corresponding to the milling stage and a drill box of the side plates are integrated cabinet defines a mounting opening , a transparent sliding door is hinged on the mounting opening.

[0016] 本实用新型的数控铣钻床修正对刀装置的修正对刀过程为: [0016] The present invention CNC milling drilling tool correction means for correcting knife process:

[0017] 过程一:空载时,将第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪打开,照射到工作台上,通过数控电脑获取工作台台面至第一激光测距仪的距离参数hl,至第二激光测距仪的距离参数h2及至第三激光测距仪的距离参数h3, [0017] Process a: no-load, the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser range finder laser rangefinder open, is irradiated to the table, to obtain a first laser worktable by computer numerical control distance parameter range finder distance parameters hl, h2 laser rangefinder to the second parameter of the third up from the laser rangefinder h3,

[0018] 当hi = h2 = h3时,证明刀具和工作台呈90°垂直放置, [0018] When hi = h2 = h3, the tool and the table prove at 90 ° vertically,

[0019] 当hi = h2 # h3时,证明工作台相对于刀具产生XY平面上的倾斜, [0019] When hi = h2 # h3, the prover tilted relative to the tool table on the XY plane,

[0020] 当hi # h2 = h3时,证明工作台相对于刀具产生YZ平面上的倾斜, [0020] When hi # h2 = h3, prove relative to the tool table tilted in the YZ plane,

[0021] 当hi # h2 # h3时,证明工作台相对于刀具产生XZ平面上的倾斜, [0021] When hi # h2 # h3, the proof relative to the tool table tilted in the XZ plane,

[0022] 通过测量和调整工作台及刀具的方位,达到hi = h2 = h3的状态,实现对工作台的快速修正,然后,开启第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头,照射在工作台及刀具上,采集摄像头之间的距离参数和像素参数、工作台平面图像参数以及刀具的图像参数等数据,实时传输到数控电脑中进行分析处理,获取刀具相对于工作台台面的空间位置参数,确定刀具的空间位置坐标,构建一个以工作台台面为XZ平面,以刀具的中轴线为Y轴的三维坐标系空间; [0022] By measuring and adjusting the orientation of the table and the tool, to reach a state hi h2 = = h3 achieve rapid correction of the table, and then, turns on the first CCD camera, CCD camera, a second, a third CCD camera, irradiated on the table and the tool, the acquisition parameters and the distance between the camera pixel parameter, the image parameter table plane image parameters and tool data, real-time transmission to the computer numerical analysis processing space, the acquisition of the tool relative to the worktable location parameter, to determine the spatial position coordinates of the tool, in order to construct a XZ plane as the worktable, the tool axis to the Y-axis of the three-dimensional coordinate space;

[0023] 过程二:加载待加工件时,将待加工件固定在工作台上,开启第一CXD摄像头、第二 CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头,照射到待加工件上,采集待加工件的图像参数及摄像头像素参数等数据,实时传输至数控电脑中进行分析处理,获取待加工件相对于三维坐标系空间的空间位置参数及空间尺寸参数,从而确定待加工件的空间位置坐标,再结合过程一中得到的刀具空间位置坐标,对待加工件和刀具进行定位标定,最后,通过调节待加工件和刀具的距离,实现快速对刀。 [0023] Process II: Loading member to be processed when the piece to be machined is fixed on a table, a first opening CXD camera, CCD camera, a second, a third CCD camera, to be irradiated onto the workpiece, the workpiece to be collected image parameters and camera pixel parameter data, real-time transmission to the computer numerical control for analysis processing, acquires to be processed with respect to the spatial position parameter and the spatial dimensions of the parameters three-dimensional coordinate space, so as to determine to be the spatial position coordinates of the workpiece, combined with tool spatial position coordinates obtained during a treat for positioning the workpiece and the tool calibration, finally, by adjusting the distance piece to be machined and a tool, the knife fast.

[0024] 本实用新型的有益效果如下:本实用新型的数控铣钻床,安装了修正对刀装置,能够快速准确的修正刀具及工作台位置,有效提高了待加工件的对刀精度和对刀效率,同时,集成化的设计,使数控铣钻床的操作更加简单方便,空间更紧凑,且外型美观大方,适合于企业、学校、科研院所等使用。 [0024] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows: the present invention CNC milling drilling, installation of knife correction apparatus can quickly and accurately correcting the position of the tool and the table, the piece to be machined effectively improve the precision of the knife blade efficiency, while the integrated design, the CNC milling drilling operation is more simple, more compact space, and elegant, suitable for use in businesses, schools, research institutes and so on.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 图1为本实用新型的整体结构示意图 [0025] FIG. 1 is a whole schematic structure of the present novel and practical

[0026] 图2为本实用新型的数控铣钻床修正对刀装置主视图; [0026] FIG 2 NC milling drilling new correction front view of the present utility knife device;

[0027] 图3为本实用新型的数控铣钻床修正对刀装置左视图; [0027] Figure 3 is a new amendment CNC milling drilling a left side view of the utility knife device;

[0028] 图4为本实用新型的数控铣钻床修正对刀装置俯视图。 [0028] FIG. 4 of the present invention CNC milling drilling plan view of the correction tool means.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0029] 参见附图1-4,本实用新型的一种小型数控铣钻床,包括控制电柜总成1、钻铣头箱2、立柱3、工作台4、底座5、底柜总成6和数控电脑7,所述工作台4下部安装有X向滑台8和Z向滑台9,所述钻铣头箱2与立柱3之间安装有Y向滑台10,所述数控铣钻床还包括修正对刀装置,所述修正对刀装置包括第一CXD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12、第三CXD摄像头13、第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16,所述第一CXD摄像头11和第二CCD摄像头12分别对称固定在所述工作台4的Z向滑台9两端,所述第三CCD摄像头13固定在所述工作台4的X向滑台8的正前方,所述第三CCD摄像头13与第一CXD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12分别成正交放置,所述第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16分别竖直向下固定在所述钻铣头箱2两侧板及正面板上,呈品字形排布,且均处于 [0029] Referring to figures 1-4, according to the present invention a small CNC milling drilling, including a control cabinet assembly, drill milling head box 2, column 3, table 4, a base 5, base cabinet assembly 6 7 and computer numerical control, the table 4 is attached to a lower portion of the pillar 2 X box milling head slider 9, the drill to the slide mounting between 8 and Z 3 Y-slide table 10, the CNC milling drilling knife means further comprising correction, the correcting means comprises a first knife CXD camera 11, second camera 12 CXD, CXD third camera 13, a first laser range finder 14, the second and the third laser range finder 15 laser range finder 16, the first camera 11 and the second CXD CCD camera 12 are symmetrically fixed to the ends of the table Z 4 slider 9, a third CCD camera 13 fixed to the table X 4 is straight ahead slider 8, the third and the first CCD camera 13 CXD camera 11, second camera 12 CXD are disposed orthogonal to the first laser range finder 14, the second laser measuring from the instrument 15 and the third laser range finder 16 are vertically fixed to the drill and the milling head 2 on both sides of the front panel down crate, form a triangle arrangement, and are in 同一水平面上,所述第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16均与所述钻铣头箱2底部的刀具17的中轴线平行,所述第一CCD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12、第三CXD摄像头13、第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16分别与所述数控铣钻床的数控电脑7连接。 The same horizontal plane, the first laser range finder 14, the second laser range finder 15 and the third laser range finder 16 are connected with the milling drill tool 2 in the bottom of the tank 17 parallel to the axis of said first a CCD camera 11, second camera 12 CXD, CXD third camera 13, a first laser range finder 14, the second and the third laser range finder 15 with the laser rangefinder 16 are computer numerical control CNC Vertical milling Machine 7.

[0030] 所述修正对刀装置还包括第一支撑块18、第二支撑块19、第三支撑块20,所述第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头12、第三CCD摄像头13分别对应固定在所述第一支撑块18、第二支撑块19、第三支撑块20上,所述第一支撑块18和第二支撑块19沿所述工作台4的中点对称固定在所述工作台4的Z向滑台9的两端,所述第三支撑块20固定在所述工作台4的X向滑台8的正前方。 [0030] said correction means further includes a first pair of blade supporting blocks 18, 20, the first CCD camera second support block 19, a third support block, a second CCD camera 12, a third CCD camera 13 respectively fixed the first support block 18, a second support block 19, a third support block 20 on the first support block 18 and the second support block 19 along the midpoint of the table 4 is fixed to the working symmetrically Z 4 to table ends 9 of the slider, the front of the table 20 to the X 4 slide blocks 8 fixed to the third support.

[0031] 所述第三CCD摄像头13的中轴线与所述第三激光测距仪16的中轴线、所述刀具17的中轴线以及所述工作台4的中线均处于同一XY平面上。 [0031] The third axis of the CCD camera 13 and the axis of the third laser range finder 16, and the cutter axis line 4 of the table 17 are in one XY plane.

[0032] 所述第一CXD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12和第三CXD摄像头13均为同一规格型号,所述第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16均为同一规格型号。 [0032] The first CXD camera 11, second camera 12 and the third CXD CXD camera 13 are of the same specifications, the first laser range finder 14, the second laser range finder 15 and the third laser measuring away from the instrument 16 are the same standard models.

[0033] 所述X向滑台8、Y向滑台10以及Z向滑台9表面均包覆安装有折叠式防尘罩21。 [0033] The X-direction slide 8, Y 9 are coated to the surface of the slide table 10 and Z-slide is mounted dust cover 21 folded.

[0034]另外,所述小型数控铣钻床的外部由集成柜体22整体包覆,所述集成柜体正面板上对应工作台4和钻铣头箱2的位置开设有带滑槽的窗口23,所述窗口23上安装有透明滑门24,所述集成柜体22两侧面板上对应工作台4和钻铣头箱2的位置均开设有安装口,安装口上铰接有透明推拉门25。 [0034] Further, the small external CNC milling drilling entirely covered by the integrated cabinet 22, corresponding to the integrated cabinet front panel milling and drilling position of the table 4 is defined in a window box 2 with chute 23 , 23 mounted on the transparent window sliding door 24, the side plates 22 corresponding to the integrated cabinet table position 4 and tank 2 are milling drill defines a mounting opening, the mounting opening sliding door 25 is hinged transparent.

[0035] 数控铣钻床修正对刀装置的修正对刀方法,其具体过程为: [0035] The CNC milling drilling tool correction means for correcting the knife method, specific process is:

[0036] 过程一:空载时,将第一激光测距仪14、第二激光测距仪15和第三激光测距仪16打开,照射到工作台4上,通过数控电脑7获取工作台4的台面至第一激光测距仪14的距离参数hl,台面至第二激光测距仪15的距离参数h2及台面至第三激光测距仪16的距离参数h3, [0036] Process a: no-load, the first laser range finder 14, the second laser range finder 15 and the third laser range finder 16 is opened, is irradiated to the table 4, table acquired through the digital computer 7 table 4 to the first laser range finder distance parameter hl 14 of the mesa to the second laser range finder and the distance h2 of the parameter table 15 to the third laser range finder 16 H3 distance parameter,

[0037] 当hi = h2 = h3时,证明刀具17和工作台4呈90°垂直放置,无需修正 [0037] When hi = h2 = h3, the tool 17 and table 4 demonstrate at 90 ° vertically, without correction

[0038] 当hi = h2 # h3时,证明工作台4相对于刀具17产生XY平面上的倾斜, [0038] When hi = h2 # h3, the prover table 4 is inclined relative to the tool 17 is generated on the XY plane,

[0039] 当hi # h2 = h3时,证明工作台4相对于刀具17产生YZ平面上的倾斜, [0039] When hi # h2 = h3, prove to produce the table 4 relative to the tool 17 is inclined in the YZ plane,

[0040] 当hi # h2 # h3时,证明工作台4相对于刀具17产生XZ平面上的倾斜, [0040] When the time # hi # h2 h3 prove table 4 is inclined relative to the tool 17 generating the XZ plane,

[0041] 通过数次测量和调整工作台4及刀具17的方位,达到hi = h2 = h3的状态,实现对工作台4的快速修正,然后,开启第一CXD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12、第三CXD摄像头13,照射在工作台4及刀具17上,采集摄像头之间的距离参数和像素参数、工作台4的平面图像参数以及刀具17的图像参数等数据,实时传输到数控电脑7中进行分析处理,获取刀具17相对于工作台4的台面的空间位置参数,确定刀具17的空间位置坐标,构建一个以工作台4的台面为XZ平面,以刀具17的中轴线为Y轴的三维坐标系空间; [0041] By measuring and adjusting the orientation of several table 4 and the tool 17 to reach a state hi h2 = = h3 achieve rapid correction of the table 4, and then, the first open CXD camera 11, second camera 12 CXD , CXD third camera 13, is irradiated on the table 4 and the tool 17, the acquisition parameters and the distance between the camera pixel parameter, the image parameter table plane and image parameters of the cutter 17 4 data, real-time transmission to the NC computer 7 for analysis processing, acquires the spatial position of the tool 17 with respect to the parameters of the worktable 4, to determine the spatial coordinates of the position of the tool 17, constructed in a mesa table 4 is the XZ plane to the central axis 17 of the tool axis Y three-dimensional coordinate space;

[0042] 过程二:加载待加工件26时,将待加工件26固定在工作台4上,开启第一CXD摄像头11、第二CXD摄像头12、第三CXD摄像头13,照射到待加工件26上,采集待加工件26的图像参数及摄像头像素参数等数据,实时传输至数控电脑7中进行分析处理,获取待加工件26相对于三维坐标系空间的空间位置参数及空间尺寸参数,从而确定待加工件26的空间位置坐标,再结合过程一中得到的刀具17的空间位置坐标,对待加工件26和刀具17进行定位标定,最后,通过调节待加工件23和刀具17的距离,实现快速对刀。 [0042] Process II: Loading member 26 to be processed, the member to be processed 26 is fixed on the table 4, turn on the first CXD camera 11, second camera 12 CXD, CXD third camera 13, to be irradiated to the workpiece 26 analysis and processing 7, the image parameters and camera pixels parameters collected to be processed 26 data, real-time transmission to the computer numerical control, acquisition until the workpiece 26 with respect to the spatial position parameter and the spatial dimensions of the parameters three-dimensional coordinate space, to determine be spatial position coordinates of the workpiece 26, and then bonding process a spatial position coordinates obtained by the tool 17, to treat the workpiece 26 and the tool 17 is positioned calibrated, and finally, from the workpiece 23 and the tool 17 by adjusting be, fast the knife.

[0043] 当修正对刀完成后,即可启动数控铣钻床对待加工件进行加工。 [0043] After completion of the correction of the knife, to start drilling CNC milling machining a workpiece treated.

[0044] 以上所述仅为本实用新型创造的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本实用新型创造,凡在本实用新型创造的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本实用新型创造的保护范围之内。 [0044] The present invention described above are only preferred embodiments of creation, not intended to limit the present invention to create, and any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention to create, equivalent replacement, and improvement should be included within the scope of the present invention is to create.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种小型数控铣钻床,包括控制电柜总成、钻铣头箱、立柱、工作台、底座、底柜总成和数控电脑,所述工作台下部安装有X向滑台和Z向滑台,所述钻铣头箱与立柱之间安装有Y向滑台,其特征在于,所述数控铣钻床还包括修正对刀装置,所述修正对刀装置安装于数控铣钻床的工作台和钻铣头箱上,所述修正对刀装置包括第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CXD摄像头、第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪,所述第一CXD摄像头和第二CCD摄像头分别对称固定在所述工作台的Z向滑台两端,所述第三CCD摄像头固定在所述工作台的X向滑台的正前方,所述第三CCD摄像头与第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头分别成正交放置,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪分别竖直向下固定在所述钻铣头箱两侧板及正面板上,呈品字形排布,且 A small CNC milling drilling, comprising a control cabinet assembly, drill milling box, column, table, base, base cabinet and computer numerical control assembly, the lower part of the table is mounted to the X and Z to slide is mounted between the slide, the milling drill and column Y box to slide, characterized in that the CNC milling drilling tool further includes a correction means for the correction of the stage device is mounted to a CNC milling cutter of drilling drilling and milling the box, said correcting means comprising a first knife CCD camera, a second CCD camera, third camera CXD, a first laser range finder, a second and a third laser range finder laser rangefinder, CXD said first and second camera CCD camera are symmetrically fixed to the Z table to slide ends, said third CCD camera is fixed in front of the X-direction slide table, said the third CCD camera CCD camera with first, second CCD camera are disposed orthogonal to the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser range finder laser rangefinder are fixed in a vertically downwards said milling drill box front panel and side panels, arranged in a triangle shape, and 均处于同一水平面上,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪均与所述钻铣头箱底部的刀具中轴线平行,所述第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头、第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪分别与所述数控铣钻床的数控电脑连接。 The tool are in the same horizontal plane, the first laser range finder, a second and a third laser rangefinder laser rangefinder are connected with the bottom of the tank milling drill axis parallel to the first CCD camera, the second CCD camera, a third CCD camera, a laser rangefinder first, second and third laser rangefinder and the laser rangefinder are CNC milling CNC drilling machine connected to the computer.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的数控铣钻床,其特征在于,所述修正对刀装置还包括第一支撑块、第二支撑块、第三支撑块,所述第一CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头、第三CCD摄像头分别对应固定在所述第一支撑块、第二支撑块、第三支撑块上,所述第一支撑块和第二支撑块沿所述工作台的中点对称固定在所述工作台的Z向滑台两端,所述第三支撑块固定在所述工作台X向滑台的正前方。 CNC milling according to claim 1 of the drilling machine, wherein said correcting means further comprises a first knife support block, a second support block, a third support block, the first CCD camera, a second CCD camera, CCD camera third respectively fixed to the first supporting block, a second support block, a third support block, a midpoint between the first and second support block along said table support block fixed symmetrically the Z-direction slide table ends, the third support block is fixed in front of the X stage to the slide table.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的数控铣钻床,其特征在于,所述第三CCD摄像头的中轴线与所述第三激光测距仪的中轴线、所述刀具的中轴线以及所述工作台的中线均处于同一XY平面上。 The CNC Vertical Milling Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the axis of the third CCD camera and laser rangefinder to the third axis, the central axis of the tool and the table midline are in one XY plane.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的数控铣钻床,其特征在于,所述第一 CCD摄像头、第二CCD摄像头和第三CCD摄像头均为同一规格型号,所述第一激光测距仪、第二激光测距仪和第三激光测距仪均为同一规格型号。 According to claim 1 of the CNC drilling and milling, wherein the first CCD camera, a second and a third CCD camera CCD camera are the same specifications, the first laser range finder, a second laser rangefinder and laser rangefinder third are of the same standard models.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的数控铣钻床,其特征在于,所述X向滑台、Y向滑台以及Z向滑台表面均包覆安装有折叠式防尘罩。 CNC milling according to claim 1 of the drilling, characterized in that, to said X slider, Y and Z to slide the slide mounting surfaces are coated with a dust cover folding.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的数控铣钻床,其特征在于,还包括集成柜体,所述集成柜体为长方体形结构,将所述数控铣钻床整体包覆于柜体内,所述集成柜体正面板上对应工作台和钻铣头箱的位置开设有带滑槽的窗口,所述窗口上安装有透明滑门,所述集成柜体两侧面板上对应工作台和钻铣头箱的位置均开设有安装口,安装口上铰接有透明推拉门。 According to claim 1 of the CNC drilling and milling, which further comprises an integrated cabinet, the cabinet is rectangular shaped integrated structure, the CNC milling drilling integrally coated on the cabinet, said integrated cabinet table corresponding to the position of the body front panel milling and drilling with a chute box defines a window, with a transparent window mounted on the sliding door, milling and drilling table corresponding to the case of the integrated cabinet side plates defines the position of each mounting opening, the mounting opening has a transparent sliding door hinge.
CN 201520111654 2015-02-14 2015-02-14 Small-size numerical control milling and drilling machine CN204565613U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104647041A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-05-27 安徽金义得机械有限公司 Small-scale numerically-controlled milling and drilling machine and correction and tool alignment method thereof
CN105397285A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-16 苏州润昇精密机械有限公司 Automatic tracking mechanism of laser welding machine
CN106424827A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-02-22 江苏财经职业技术学院 Drilling device with drill capable of automatically detecting and tracking center of suture needle end

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104647041A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-05-27 安徽金义得机械有限公司 Small-scale numerically-controlled milling and drilling machine and correction and tool alignment method thereof
CN104647041B (en) * 2015-02-14 2017-03-22 安徽金义得机械有限公司 CNC milling and drilling a small correction method for the knife
CN105397285A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-16 苏州润昇精密机械有限公司 Automatic tracking mechanism of laser welding machine
CN106424827A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-02-22 江苏财经职业技术学院 Drilling device with drill capable of automatically detecting and tracking center of suture needle end

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