CN204556427U - A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment - Google Patents

A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204556427U
CN204556427U CN201520243285.1U CN201520243285U CN204556427U CN 204556427 U CN204556427 U CN 204556427U CN 201520243285 U CN201520243285 U CN 201520243285U CN 204556427 U CN204556427 U CN 204556427U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
nylon roller
reductor
motor
rubber
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520243285.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪传生
于本会
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201520243285.1U priority Critical patent/CN204556427U/en
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Publication of CN204556427U publication Critical patent/CN204556427U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to rubber abrasion detection technique field, be specifically related to a kind of tread rubber wear test equipment, for testing rubber wear hardness under difficult environmental conditions, this Whole Equipment comprises grinding mechanism, slew gear, angle adjusting mechanism and electric cabinet four part, it coordinates for rubber tire provides different rotating speeds by No. I reductor and No. I motor, being matched by No. II reductor and No. II motor drives the Integral swinging of rubber tire to realize different abrasion angles, load is loaded to regulate by the counterweight adding Different Weight, thus realize friction speed, different load, the abrasion test of different angles, effectively overcome Akron abrasion machine testing load and rotating speed is definite value and is all less than the defect of tire actual value, this equipment de-sign is novel, rational in infrastructure, and principle is reliable, easy and simple to handle, and assembling is simple, and good test effect, test accuracy is high.

Description

A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to rubber abrasion detection technique field, is specifically related to a kind of tread rubber wear test equipment, for testing rubber wear hardness under difficult environmental conditions.
Background technology:
Wear hardness is a very important operation parameter of rubber, improves wearing quality and the serviceable life of rubber, can bring appreciable economic benefit and social benefit in economize energy, material, lubricant etc.Therefore, the industry of countries in the world and traffic and transportation sector all more and more pay attention to carrying out the research to rubber abrasion mechanism, wearing technic and application thereof.Many scholars to the reasonable test method formulating testing rubber wearing quality, prediction rubber performance under conditions of use and conducting in-depth research serviceable life.The topmost purposes of rubber manufactures various vehicle tyre, and why doughnut selects rubber to make, and is no doubt in order to shock-absorbing, but the more important thing is do not have other material can compare with rubber in abrasion-resistance under pavement conditions.In practice, tire inevitably rubs with road surface in rolling process, and produces abrasion, therefore carries out research to elastomeric material wear hardness and has important practical significance.
The anti-wear performance of tire tread is one of important indicator weighing Using Life of Tyre, is also the essential items for inspection of each tire plant.At present, comparatively generally conventional Abrasion detecting equipment is Akron abrasion machine, but the experimental data of Akron abrasion machine is mainly for detection of the stability of tyre surface formula and calendering process etc., and apply few in the actual wearing quality of evaluation tire, on the one hand, be due to the experiment condition of Akron abrasion machine and tire actual road traveling condition difference comparatively large, cause the test data of Akron abrasion machine and tire wear correlativity not strong; On the other hand, the load of Akron abrasion machine is only 26.7N (less) and non-adjustable, stressed stressed lower than unit area during tire used of its abrasion wheel unit area, rotating speed is only 76r/Min (lower) and non-adjustable, and its glue shaft rotating speed is much smaller than rotating speed during tire running; Therefore the single and test figure that the is Akron abrasion machine of gentleness of test condition is difficult to the wearing quality reflecting tread rubber.
Some wear test equipment are also had in prior art, such as a kind of rubber abrasion test equipment disclosed in Chinese patent 200720048254.6 and 200710026737.0, it mainly comprises abrasion machine main body, register, arrangements for speed regulation, angle regulator and temperature measuring equipment, although this equipment can utilize the loading lever of adjustable gear, temperature regulator, the parts such as tilt adjustment bar realize dynamics, temperature, the adjustment of angle, but degree of regulation is inadequate, test accuracy is not good enough, and need to be connected with extraneous multi-section instrument, complex operation during test, the control of condition difficulty.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is the shortcoming overcoming prior art existence, seek design and a kind of tread rubber wear test equipment is provided, make the experiment parameter such as load, rotating speed, abrasion angle adjustable, thus realize the wear test under tire service-simulated conditions, and experimentally data prediction goes out the wearing quality of tread rubber.
To achieve these goals, the tread rubber wear test Whole Equipment that the utility model relates to comprises grinding mechanism, slew gear, angle adjusting mechanism and electric cabinet be totally four major parts, specifically comprises base, fixed support, angle-adjusting bracket, nylon roller, weight brackets, nylon roller support, counterweight, control box, control panel, glue shaft, rubber tire baffle plate, rubber tire, bearing, glue shaft support, No. I reductor, No. I motor, rocking bar, motor cabinet, connecting rod, crank, No. II reductor, No. II motor, rocker bracket and hairbrush support, the fixed support of hollow type frame structure is bolted on base, in the screw being fixed on fixed support radial through screw of nylon roller and nylon roller support, support bracket fastened bottom is provided with angle-adjusting bracket by screw, weight brackets is connected through the hinge on nylon roller support, weight brackets being linked with counterweight for providing nylon roller to the pressure of tread rubber to be measured, is that revolute pair structure is so that nylon roller support changes pressure direction between weight brackets and nylon roller support, the control box of three-dimensional body structure to be fixedly placed on base and adjacent with fixed support, and it is automatically controlled for what realize single unit system that the top of control box is provided with the control panel that is electrically connected with inner electric component, No. I motor to be fixedly mounted on motor cabinet and to be electrically connected with control box by No. I reductor, the other end of No. I reductor is connected with the glue shaft on glue shaft support by bearing, rubber tire to be arranged on glue shaft and to be fixed by the rubber tire baffle plate of outside and the multidiameter of inner side self, and the nylon roller in rubber tire and grinding mechanism is close together, in angle adjusting mechanism, in rocking bar and slew gear, motor cabinet is integral type structure, be fixed on rocker bracket on base and rocking bar passes through pinned connection, one end of connecting rod is connected by hinge and rocking bar are movable, the other end is docked by No. II motor of crank and band No. II reductor, and No. II motor to be fixedly mounted on base and to be electrically connected with control box by No. II reductor, motor cabinet has been bolted hairbrush support, on hairbrush support with hairbrush the Powdered rubber powder produced during wear test can be brushed down to increase measuring accuracy.
The nylon roller related in the utility model is surrounded by sand paper, and the two ends of nylon roller support are pressed on the central shaft of nylon roller; The loading load range that counterweight can regulate is 0-100N; No. I reductor and No. II reductor control rotating speed by the electromagnetic relay be arranged in control box, realize the adjustment to the rotational speed of glue shaft and the swing speed of angle adjusting mechanism respectively; Be 60-500rpm to the rotational speed regulation scope of glue shaft, the rotational speed regulation scope of nylon roller corresponding is with it 40-300rpm; By the adjustment of the swing speed to angle adjusting mechanism, to regulate the angular dimension wearing away angle between the plane of nylon roller and the plane of rubber tire, the range of adjustment at abrasion angle is 0-45 °.
The utility model compared with prior art, coordinate for rubber tire provides different rotating speeds by No. I reductor and No. I motor, being matched by No. II reductor and No. II motor drives the Integral swinging of rubber tire to realize different abrasion angles, load is loaded to regulate by the counterweight adding Different Weight, thus realize the abrasion test of friction speed, different load, different angles, effectively overcome Akron abrasion machine testing load and rotating speed is definite value and is all less than the defect of tire actual value; This equipment de-sign is novel, rational in infrastructure, and principle is reliable, easy and simple to handle, and assembling is simple, and good test effect, test accuracy is high.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is agent structure principle schematic of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the grinding mechanism that the utility model relates to.
Fig. 3 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the slew gear that the utility model relates to.
Fig. 4 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the angle adjusting mechanism that the utility model relates to.
Embodiment:
By embodiment, further description is made to the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the utility model is not limited in following embodiment.
Embodiment:
The tread rubber wear test Whole Equipment that the present embodiment relates to comprises grinding mechanism, slew gear, angle adjusting mechanism and electric cabinet be totally four major parts, specifically comprises base 1, fixed support 2, angle-adjusting bracket 3, nylon roller 4, weight brackets 5, nylon roller support 6, counterweight 7, control box 8, control panel 9, glue shaft 10, rubber tire baffle plate 11, rubber tire 12, bearing 13, glue shaft support 14, No. I reductor 15, No. I motor 16, rocking bar 17, motor cabinet 18, connecting rod 19, crank 20, No. II reductor 21, No. II motor 22, rocker bracket 23 and hairbrush support 24, the fixed support 2 of hollow type frame structure is bolted on base 1, nylon roller 4 is fixed in the screw on fixed support 2 with nylon roller support 6 radial through screw, the bottom of fixed support 2 is provided with angle-adjusting bracket 3 by screw, weight brackets 5 is connected through the hinge on nylon roller support 6, weight brackets 5 is linked with counterweight 7 for providing nylon roller 4 to the pressure of tread rubber to be measured, for revolute pair structure is so that nylon roller support 6 changes pressure direction between weight brackets 5 and nylon roller support 6, the control box 8 of three-dimensional body structure to be fixedly placed on base 1 and adjacent with fixed support 2, and it is automatically controlled for what realize single unit system that the top of control box 8 is provided with the control panel 9 that is electrically connected with inner electric component, No. I motor 16 to be fixedly mounted on motor cabinet 18 and to be electrically connected with control box 8 by No. I reductor 15, the other end of No. I reductor 15 is connected with the glue shaft 10 on glue shaft support 14 by bearing 13, rubber tire 12 is arranged on glue shaft 10 and is also fixed by the multidiameter of outside rubber tire baffle plate 11 and inner side self, and rubber tire 12 is close together with the nylon roller 4 in grinding mechanism, in angle adjusting mechanism, rocking bar 17 is integral type structure with motor cabinet 18 in slew gear, the rocker bracket 23 be fixed on base 1 passes through pinned connection with rocking bar 17, one end of connecting rod 19 is connected with rocking bar 17 is movable by hinge, the other end is docked by No. II motor 22 of crank 20 and band No. II reductor 21, and No. II motor 22 to be fixedly mounted on base 1 and to be electrically connected with control box 8 by No. II reductor 21, motor cabinet 18 has been bolted hairbrush support 24, on hairbrush support 24 with hairbrush the Powdered rubber powder produced during wear test can be brushed down to increase measuring accuracy.
The nylon roller 4 related in the present embodiment is surrounded by sand paper, and the two ends of nylon roller support 6 are pressed on the central shaft of nylon roller 4; Counterweight 7 is used for regulating different loading loads, and load regulation range is 0-100N; No. I reductor 15 and No. II reductor 21 control rotating speed by the electromagnetic relay be arranged in control box 8, realize the adjustment to the rotational speed of glue shaft 10 and the swing speed of angle adjusting mechanism respectively; The rotational speed regulation scope of glue shaft 10 is 60-500rpm, and the rotational speed regulation scope of nylon roller 4 corresponding is with it 40-300rpm.
The angle adjusting mechanism (as shown in Figure 4) that the present embodiment relates to, when No. II motor 22 drives crank 20 to rotate, under the gearing of connecting rod 19, No. I motor 16 on distant bar 17 drive motor seat 18 and No. I reductor 15 raise gradually, thus angle is formed between motor cabinet 18 and base 1, be assemblied in No. I reductor 15 on motor cabinet 18 and rubber tire 12 Integral swinging, thus the angle (abrasion angle) changed between the plane of nylon roller 4 and the plane of rubber tire 12, this angle is less, friction force between tread rubber to be measured and nylon roller 4 is less, realize the abrasion of tire in smooth-riding surface to simulate, this angle is larger, and the friction force between tread rubber to be measured and nylon roller 4 is larger, realizes tire and simulates in the abrasion of rough road, angle of regulation range between the plane of nylon roller 4 and the plane of rubber tire 12 is 0-45 °.
During the tread rubber wear test equipment use that the present embodiment relates to, the tread rubber to be measured of sulfidization molding is bent into ring-type and adheres on rubber tire 12, when noting bonding, should not be subject to tension force; If the tread rubber length to be measured of design can not encase rubber tire 12 completely and there is a notch, the method of sample is then fixed with Akron abrasion machine, notch is filled with a special bala gutta bar, tread rubber to be measured is made to be coated on rubber tire 12 completely, then rubber tire 12 to be socketed on glue shaft 10 and to screw in rubber tire baffle plate 11 with fixing tread rubber to be measured, then carry out Abrasion detecting and record related data; This wear test equipment is in test process, the experiment parameter such as load, rotating speed, abrasion angle can be regulated as required, realize the abrasion test of friction speed, different load, different angles, thus simulate the actual service conditions of tire, and experimentally data prediction goes out the wearing quality of tread rubber to be measured.

Claims (4)

1. a tread rubber wear test equipment, it is characterized in that comprising grinding mechanism, slew gear, angle adjusting mechanism and electric cabinet, specifically comprise base, fixed support, angle-adjusting bracket, nylon roller, weight brackets, nylon roller support, counterweight, control box, control panel, glue shaft, rubber tire baffle plate, rubber tire, bearing, glue shaft support, No. I reductor, No. I motor, rocking bar, motor cabinet, connecting rod, crank, No. II reductor, No. II motor, rocker bracket and hairbrush support, the fixed support of hollow type frame structure is bolted on base, in the screw being fixed on fixed support radial through screw of nylon roller and nylon roller support, support bracket fastened bottom is provided with angle-adjusting bracket by screw, weight brackets is connected through the hinge on nylon roller support, weight brackets is linked with counterweight, it is revolute pair structure between weight brackets and nylon roller support, the control box of three-dimensional body structure to be fixedly placed on base and adjacent with fixed support, and the top of control box is provided with the control panel be electrically connected with inner electric component, No. I motor to be fixedly mounted on motor cabinet and to be electrically connected with control box by No. I reductor, the other end of No. I reductor is connected with the glue shaft on glue shaft support by bearing, rubber tire to be arranged on glue shaft and to be fixed by the rubber tire baffle plate of outside and the multidiameter of inner side self, and the nylon roller in rubber tire and grinding mechanism is close together, in angle adjusting mechanism, in rocking bar and slew gear, motor cabinet is integral type structure, be fixed on rocker bracket on base and rocking bar passes through pinned connection, one end of connecting rod is connected by hinge and rocking bar are movable, the other end is docked by No. II motor of crank and band No. II reductor, and No. II motor to be fixedly mounted on base and to be electrically connected with control box by No. II reductor, motor cabinet is bolted the hairbrush support of band hairbrush.
2. tread rubber wear test equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that nylon roller is surrounded by sand paper, the two ends of nylon roller support are pressed on the central shaft of nylon roller.
3. tread rubber wear test equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that the loading load range that counterweight can regulate is 0-100N.
4. tread rubber wear test equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that the rotational speed regulation scope of No. I reductor to glue shaft is 60-500rpm, and the rotational speed regulation scope of nylon roller corresponding is with it 40-300rpm.
CN201520243285.1U 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment Withdrawn - After Issue CN204556427U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520243285.1U CN204556427U (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520243285.1U CN204556427U (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204556427U true CN204556427U (en) 2015-08-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520243285.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204556427U (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729943A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-06-24 青岛科技大学 Tread rubber abrasion test equipment
CN110831813A (en) * 2018-09-30 2020-02-21 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Vehicle event data recorder and adjusting device of camera angle of pitch thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729943A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-06-24 青岛科技大学 Tread rubber abrasion test equipment
CN104729943B (en) * 2015-04-21 2017-09-29 青岛科技大学 A kind of tread rubber wear test equipment
CN110831813A (en) * 2018-09-30 2020-02-21 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Vehicle event data recorder and adjusting device of camera angle of pitch thereof
WO2020062283A1 (en) * 2018-09-30 2020-04-02 深圳市大疆创新科技有限公司 Dashcam and adjustment device for adjusting pitch angle of camera of same

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150812

Effective date of abandoning: 20170929

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned