CN204506577U - A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating - Google Patents

A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204506577U
CN204506577U CN201520157390.3U CN201520157390U CN204506577U CN 204506577 U CN204506577 U CN 204506577U CN 201520157390 U CN201520157390 U CN 201520157390U CN 204506577 U CN204506577 U CN 204506577U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
brake
braking
slide block
hydraulic
coordination
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520157390.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈治
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Original Assignee
Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201420860366 priority Critical
Priority to CN2014208603661 priority
Application filed by Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry filed Critical Changzhou Vocational Institute of Light Industry
Priority to CN201520157390.3U priority patent/CN204506577U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204506577U publication Critical patent/CN204506577U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating, comprise hydraulic brake mechanism and the interior brake assemblies establishing travel switch, and the brake coordination assembly matched with hydraulic brake mechanism; When braking, travel switch triggers, and brake coordination assembly is suitable for producing the sense of motion opposite effect power with piston in hydraulic brake mechanism, is charged by the electric energy that wheel drive motors braking produces by a boost module to storage battery simultaneously; Or by the electric energy of wheel drive motors braking generation by charging to storage battery through quick-charging circuit again after a boost module; Described electronlmobil utilizes the plugging power of wheel drive motors M when braking to coordinate mutually with hydraulic braking force, reduces hydraulic brake pressure; Accumulators E charging simultaneously.

Description

A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating
Technical field
The utility model relates to electric vehicle brake technical field, is specifically related to a kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating.
Background technology
Mostly utilize integrated manipulator (or similar single chip machine controlling circuit etc.) according to the control logic preset for the mode of the electric braking of electronlmobil and hydraulic braking in prior art, the time drawing control is judged according to the signal of sensor, control the mode of actr work, number of times or frequency etc. the parameter controlled, but associated actuator is controlled, its whole process need comprises collection signal, judge, calculate, the steps such as execution, the regular hour is needed to postpone in the process, the size of conventional hydraulic braking force can not be regulated in real time in real time according to the size of motor braking power, and control process of the prior art all demand fulfillment certain condition just controls actr action, control actr when meeting next condition again and carry out next step action, its control process be interrupted, discontinuous, in addition, its Control system architecture relative complex, the electronic devices and components of use are more, and the more expensive and functional reliability of cost reduces.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating, to realize the recovery to braking energy of electric automobiles.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of electronlmobil, comprises hydraulic brake mechanism and the interior brake assemblies establishing travel switch, and the brake coordination assembly matched with described hydraulic brake mechanism; When braking, travel switch triggers, described brake coordination assembly is suitable for producing the sense of motion opposite effect power with piston in hydraulic brake mechanism, and the electric energy simultaneously wheel drive motors braking produced is by charging to storage battery through quick-charging circuit after a boost module again.
Preferably, during in order to be further implemented in brake, start brake coordination assembly; Establish the master brake cylinder of described piston in described hydraulic brake mechanism comprises, described piston is connected with brake assemblies by piston rod; Described brake assemblies comprises: the two-sided rack slide block; Described brake coordination assembly comprises: single-side rack slide block; The lower surface of described the two-sided rack slide block is coordinated with brake pedal by driving gear component, engages a brake coordination gear between its upper surface and the lower surface of single-side rack slide block, and this brake coordination gear is connected with the end of described piston rod; During brake, brake pedal controls the two-sided rack slide block by driving gear component and drives brake coordination pinion rotation, and this brake coordination gear is suitable for driving hydraulic brake mechanism to produce braking to wheel hub by piston rod; And described brake coordination assembly produces application force by single-side rack slide block to brake coordination gear.Preferably, described brake coordination assembly also comprises, electromagnetic induction device, and this battery sensing device is controlled by the pilot switch in described travel switch; Described electromagnetic induction device is suitable for after travel switch triggers, and pilot switch controls electromagnetic induction device and obtains electric, to produce described application force; Described electromagnetic induction device comprises: magnet coil, and this magnet coil is suitable for obtaining electric pull-core; Described iron core is connected with single-side rack slide block, to be suitable for when magnet coil obtains electric, drives single-side rack slide block to produce described application force to brake coordination gear.
Preferably, in order to realize fast charge, reduce waste of energy, described charge circuit comprises: first, second diode and charging capacitor; Described pilot switch is first, second normally closed switch and a normal open switch; The positive pole of described storage battery is connected with the first end of the first normally closed switch, second end of this first normal open switch is connected with the negative electrode of the first diode by described magnet coil, the anode of this first diode is connected with the mouth of boost module, and the input end of described boost module and the negative pole of storage battery are connected the two ends with wheel drive motors respectively; Second end of described first normally closed switch is also connected with one end of the second normally closed switch, and the other end of this second normally closed switch is connected with the input end of boost module; Described second diode anode is connected with charging capacitor one end and forms described quick-charging circuit, and this quick-charging circuit is parallel to storage battery two ends, and described second diode anode is also connected with the second end of the first normally closed switch by described normal open switch.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, (1) electronlmobil of the present utility model, can make a concerted effort to meet in the braking both ensureing automobile brake when requiring, the percent recovery that can improve braking energy in braking procedure can reduce again the loss of conventional brake friction lining.(2) electronlmobil of the present utility model, employing physical construction realizes motor braking power and hydraulic braking force carries out cooperation adjustment within the specific limits continuously, in real time, and physical construction is relatively simple, cost significantly reduces and functional reliability significantly improves.(3) the utility model improves wheel drive motors to the charge efficiency of storage battery by boost module energy actv..
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of electronlmobil of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the second embodiment of electronlmobil of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 shows the circuit diagram of the second charge circuit of the present utility model.
In figure: wheel hub 1;
Hydraulic brake mechanism 2, brake facing 21, brake wheel cylinder 22, master brake cylinder 23, piston 24;
Brake assemblies 3, brake pedal 31, the first transfer gear 32, second transfer gear 33, brake coordination gear 34, first fixed guide 35, the two-sided rack slide block 36, travel switch K;
Brake coordination assembly 4, second fixed guide 41, single-side rack slide block 42, pipe link 43, iron core 44, hollow shell 45, magnet coil 46, Compress Spring 47;
Wheel drive motors M, storage battery E, diode VD;
First diode VD1, the second diode VD2, charging capacitor C.
Detailed description of the invention
By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail now.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, only basic structure of the present utility model are described in a schematic way, and therefore it only shows the formation relevant with the utility model.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of electronlmobil of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of electronlmobil of the present utility model, comprises hydraulic brake mechanism 2 and the interior brake assemblies establishing travel switch, and the brake coordination assembly 4 matched with described hydraulic brake mechanism; When braking, described brake coordination assembly 4 is suitable for producing the sense of motion opposite effect power with piston 24 in hydraulic brake mechanism 2, and the electric energy simultaneously wheel drive motors braking produced is by charging to storage battery through quick-charging circuit after a boost module again.
Wherein, described boost module can adopt boost chip to realize, such as but not limited to mc34063, ICL7660; Also the DC source boost module such as disclosed in patent documentation CN 203933389U can be adopted.
Establish the master brake cylinder 23 of described piston 24 in described hydraulic brake mechanism 2 comprises, described piston 24 is connected with brake assemblies 3 by piston rod.
The optional embodiment of one as this hydraulic brake mechanism, described hydraulic brake mechanism 2 also comprises: be located at the brake facing 21 on each wheel hub 1 and brake wheel cylinder 22 respectively; Described piston 24 produces hydraulic pressure (brake fluid pressure) in master brake cylinder 23, and this hydraulic conduction to brake wheel cylinder 22 produces corresponding hydraulic braking force and acts on wheel hub 1 by brake facing 21, to realize brake.
Described brake assemblies 3 comprises: the two-sided rack slide block 36; Described brake coordination assembly 4 comprises: single-side rack slide block 42; The lower surface of described the two-sided rack slide block 36 is coordinated with brake pedal 31 by driving gear component, engages a brake coordination gear 34 between its upper surface and the lower surface of single-side rack slide block 42, and this brake coordination gear 34 is connected with the end of described piston rod.Concrete, the two-sided rack slide block 36 to be arranged on the first fixed guide 35 and the first fixed guide 35 can be relied on to slide; And single-side rack slide block 42 is arranged on the second fixed guide 41 movably, be suitable for sliding on the second fixed guide 41.
When braking, brake pedal 31 controls the two-sided rack slide block 36 by driving gear component and drives brake coordination gear 34 to rotate, and this brake coordination gear 34 is suitable for driving hydraulic brake mechanism 2 pairs of wheel hubs 1 to produce braking by piston rod; And described brake coordination assembly 4 produces described application force by single-side rack slide block 42 pairs of brake coordination gears 34.
Wherein driving gear component comprises: first, second transfer gear 33, described first transfer gear 32 is connected with brake pedal 31, the braking instruction of brake pedal 31 passes to brake coordination gear 34 by the first transfer gear 32, second transfer gear 33, the two-sided rack slide block 36 successively, and then drive piston 24 to move, to make to produce hydraulic pressure in master brake cylinder 23, complete drag.Meanwhile, because travel switch K triggers, the described application force acting in opposition that brake coordination assembly 4 produces is in brake coordination gear 34, the hydraulic pressure value in master cylinder is forced suitably to reduce, reduce brake the kinetic energy that consumes, and convert this kinetic energy to electric energy with storage by wheel drive motors M braking.
Described brake coordination assembly 4 also comprises, electromagnetic induction device, and this battery sensing device is controlled by the pilot switch in described travel switch K; Described electromagnetic induction device is suitable for after travel switch K triggers, and pilot switch controls electromagnetic induction device and obtains electric, to produce described application force.
The specific embodiments of described electromagnetic induction device comprises: magnet coil 46, and this magnet coil 46 is suitable for obtaining electric pull-core 44; Described iron core 44 is connected with single-side rack slide block 42, to be suitable for, when magnet coil 46 obtains electric, driving single-side rack slide block 42 pairs of brake coordination gears 34 to produce described application force.
As a kind of optional embodiment of electromagnetic induction device, described iron core 44 is sheathed in a hollow shell 45, and described magnet coil 46 is set around on this hollow shell 45 periphery; One end of described iron core 44 is connected with single-side rack slide block 42 by pipe link 43, and the other end passes through the inner wall of end resilient engagement of Compress Spring 47 and described hollow shell 45 in described hollow shell 45; Described iron core 44 is with a pair magnetic pole, this to magnetic pole be suitable for magnet coil 46 electric after, iron core 44 is moved to Compress Spring 47 direction, produce the described application force (opposition acting on brake coordination gear 34 simultaneously, namely with step on brake pedal 31 after, the application force being passed to brake coordination gear 34 by the two-sided rack slide block 36 is contrary).
As the another kind of optional embodiment of electromagnetic induction device, described iron core 44 is sheathed in a hollow shell 45, and is positioned at the side of magnet coil 46.
Described brake coordination assembly 4 also comprises charge circuit, and this charge circuit is suitable for when braking, and is charged by the electric energy that wheel drive motors M braking produces to storage battery E.
Concrete embodiment: described charge circuit comprises diode VD; The positive pole of described storage battery E is connected with one end of magnet coil 46, the other end of this battery coil is connected with the negative electrode of described diode VD, the anode of this diode VD is connected with the mouth of boost module, the input end of described boost module is connected with wheel drive motors M one end, and the described negative pole of storage battery E is connected with the other end of wheel drive motors M; Described pilot switch is normally closed switch, and the two ends of this normally closed switch are connected to the positive pole of the input end of boost module, storage battery E.
By the unidirectional feature of diode VD, can avoid storage battery E after normally closed switch is opened by actv., continue through magnet coil 46 couples of wheel drive motors M and discharge; And by described boost module, charge efficiency can be improved by actv..
The principle of work of electronlmobil of the present utility model is: in electric automobile during traveling process, when chaufeur does not touch on the brake pedal 31, pilot switch (normally closed switch) closes, and will be shorted through magnet coil 46, and storage battery E supplies electric drive running car to wheel drive motors M; Now iron core 44 by Compress Spring 47 bullet to the side of hollow shell 45.
When chaufeur steps on brake pedal 31, the braking instruction of brake pedal 31 passes to brake coordination gear 34 by the first transfer gear 32, second transfer gear 33, the two-sided rack slide block 36 successively, and then drive piston 24 to move, to make to produce hydraulic pressure in master brake cylinder 23, complete drag; Simultaneously, pilot switch is opened, wheel drive motors M is produced braking force and is charged to storage battery E by charge circuit, charging current produces magnetic field when magnet coil 46, the elastic force making iron core 44 overcome Compress Spring 47 moves right, iron core 44 drives single-side rack slide block 42 to move right by pipe link 43, brake coordination gear 34 is rotated backward, brake coordination gear 34 rotates backward and drives piston 24 to move right, thus reduces the hydraulic pressure (brake fluid pressure) in master brake cylinder 23.
When chaufeur steps on brake pedal 31, the braking force of vehicle be applied to braking force that braking force on wheel hub 1 (hydraulic braking force that hydraulic brake mechanism 2 produces) and wheel drive motors M produce with joint efforts; When the speed of a motor vehicle is faster, the braking current then produced in wheel drive motors M is larger, motor braking power is larger, the suction that magnet coil 46 produces is larger, the displacement of iron core 44 movement is larger, oil pressure in master brake cylinder 23 is less, hydraulic braking force is less, thus when automobile high-speed is braked, increase motor braking power, reduce by the conventional friction braking force of hydraulic braking, thus the wearing and tearing of friction lining in reduction conventional brake, improve wheel drive motors M to the percent recovery of braking energy simultaneously.
Optionally, in electric automobile during traveling, if when brake coordination assembly 4 breaks down or storage battery E is in full power state, wheel drive motors M cannot charge to storage battery E and/or produce braking force, now electronlmobil adopts conventional hydraulic brake mode to brake by hydraulic brake mechanism 2, ensures traffic safety.
Following table is conventional hydraulic brake mode and the braking distance test result of electronlmobil of the present utility model under each speed of a motor vehicle.
From this table, electronlmobil of the present utility model is substantially identical with the braking effect that conventional hydraulic brake mode produces, therefore, the utility model achieve when the braking both ensureing make a concerted effort to meet automobile brake require, the percent recovery that can improve braking energy in braking procedure can reduce again the loss of conventional brake friction lining.
Electronlmobil of the present utility model, by physical construction, electric braking force and hydraulic braking force are regulated within the specific limits continuously in real time, eliminate prior art middle controller or single chip circuit to calculate and control and deterministic process, thus it coordinates the ageing better of braking.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the second embodiment of electronlmobil.
As shown in Figure 2, the single-side rack slide block in described brake coordination assembly can also drive sway to replace electromagnetic induction device by leading screw, and concrete scheme comprises:
Described leading screw is driven by motor, and this motor is controlled by a MCU module, and described MCU module gathers the current value of wheel drive motors M braking generation to control Motor torque by Hall element, and then regulates the displacement of single-side rack slide block.
Fig. 3 shows the circuit diagram of the second charge circuit of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 3, concrete scheme comprises: described charge circuit comprises: first, second diode and charging capacitor C; Described pilot switch is first, second normally closed switch and a normal open switch; The positive pole of described storage battery E is connected with the first end of the first normally closed switch, second end of this first normal open switch is connected with the negative electrode of the first diode VD1 by described magnet coil, the anode of this first diode VD1 is connected with the mouth of boost module, and the input end of described boost module is connected the two ends with wheel drive motors M respectively with the negative pole of storage battery E; Second end of described first normally closed switch is also connected with one end of the second normally closed switch, and the other end of this second normally closed switch is connected with the input end of boost module; Described second diode VD2 anode is connected with charging capacitor C one end and forms described quick-charging circuit, this quick-charging circuit is parallel to storage battery E two ends, and described second diode VD2 anode is also connected with the second end of the first normally closed switch by described normal open switch.
Wherein, charging capacitor C can adopt the parallel connection of some bulky capacitor to realize, because capacitor charging speed of response is faster than storage battery, so the electric current often causing braking to produce has little time to charge to storage battery E namely to disappear, therefore, charge efficiency is very low, in order to overcome this technical matters, avoided by quick charge capacitor energy actv. braking the waste of energy produced, improve charge efficiency.
Concrete principle is, first carries out fast charge to charging capacitor, and then is discharged to battery by the second diode VD2.

Claims (2)

1. be suitable for an electronlmobil for energy regenerating, it is characterized in that, comprise hydraulic brake mechanism and the interior brake assemblies establishing travel switch, and the brake coordination assembly matched with described hydraulic brake mechanism;
When braking, travel switch triggers, described brake coordination assembly is suitable for producing the sense of motion opposite effect power with piston in hydraulic brake mechanism, and the electric energy simultaneously wheel drive motors braking produced is by charging to storage battery through quick-charging circuit after a boost module again.
2. the electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Establish the master brake cylinder of described piston in described hydraulic brake mechanism comprises, described piston is connected with brake assemblies by piston rod;
Described brake assemblies comprises: the two-sided rack slide block;
Described brake coordination assembly comprises: single-side rack slide block;
The lower surface of described the two-sided rack slide block is coordinated with brake pedal by driving gear component, engages a brake coordination gear between its upper surface and the lower surface of single-side rack slide block, and this brake coordination gear is connected with the end of described piston rod;
During brake, brake pedal controls the two-sided rack slide block by driving gear component and drives brake coordination pinion rotation, and this brake coordination gear is suitable for driving hydraulic brake mechanism to produce braking to wheel hub by piston rod; And described brake coordination assembly produces application force by single-side rack slide block to brake coordination gear.
CN201520157390.3U 2014-12-30 2015-03-19 A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating Expired - Fee Related CN204506577U (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420860366 2014-12-30
CN2014208603661 2014-12-30
CN201520157390.3U CN204506577U (en) 2014-12-30 2015-03-19 A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520157390.3U CN204506577U (en) 2014-12-30 2015-03-19 A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204506577U true CN204506577U (en) 2015-07-29

Family

ID=53704575

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520157390.3U Expired - Fee Related CN204506577U (en) 2014-12-30 2015-03-19 A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204506577U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204249834U (en) A kind of electronlmobil electric braking and hydraulic braking coordinated control system
CN105946592B (en) A kind of electric automobile electric braking and hydraulic braking control method for coordinating
CN102166962A (en) Brake energy feedback control system of pure electric automobile
CN102166963A (en) Brake energy feedback control method of pure electric automobile
CN105946591B (en) The electric automobile electric braking of low cost and hydraulic braking coordinated control system
CN104859461A (en) Brake energy recovering method for electromobile
CN103407376B (en) A kind of electric drive automobile brake power recovering device
CN204506577U (en) A kind of electronlmobil being suitable for energy regenerating
CN104228805B (en) The brakes and its control method of vehicle, vehicle
CN104494590A (en) Air braking system of electric automobile
CN104859623A (en) Electric brake and hydraulic brake coordination control method of electromobile
CN104875734A (en) Electromobile with electric brake and hydraulic brake coordinated control system
CN104859462A (en) Brake energy recovering method for electromobile
CN204383444U (en) The liquid of gas cap system of electronlmobil
CN104859622A (en) Electric brake and hydraulic brake coordination control system of electromobile
CN104875621A (en) Electromobile with brake energy recovery system
CN104442778A (en) Hydraulic brake system of electric vehicle
CN104859617A (en) Electric auxiliary air pressure brake system of electromobile
CN204713053U (en) The brake system of electronlmobil
CN105799522A (en) Braking electrical energy recovery system for electric vehicle
CN102108949B (en) Inertia power generation device for motor vehicle
CN205075664U (en) Electric motor car vehicle deceleration power generation facility
CN205365566U (en) Electromechanical braking booster unit
CN204567958U (en) A kind of super capacitor scooter electrical controller of detachable complementation charging
CN200971053Y (en) Electronic brake system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150729

Termination date: 20160319