CN204505769U - A kind of plastic extruder - Google Patents

A kind of plastic extruder Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204505769U
CN204505769U CN201420774405.6U CN201420774405U CN204505769U CN 204505769 U CN204505769 U CN 204505769U CN 201420774405 U CN201420774405 U CN 201420774405U CN 204505769 U CN204505769 U CN 204505769U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
main thread
barrel
section
screw rod
deep trouth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420774405.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
银光
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Santai Zhiguang Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Santai Zhiguang Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Santai Zhiguang Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan Santai Zhiguang Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420774405.6U priority Critical patent/CN204505769U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204505769U publication Critical patent/CN204505769U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of plastic extruder, comprise motor, reductor, barrel, screw rod and loading hopper, wherein screw rod comprises screw body, and screw body has feed zone, fusing section, homogenizing zone and discharging section; Feed zone has main thread, and the end face of main thread and two sides are provided with bur; Discharging section has main thread, and main thread footpath height vertically reduces gradually, and the tail end of discharging section is provided with two toothed discs with communication port, and the communication port of two toothed discs shifts to install; The end of discharging section, with screwed hole, is provided with screw head, and screw head is provided with spiral flow deflector.With bur on feed zone of the present utility model, not only can polish to material, to extrude and just broken, and material can be made to mix on feed zone evenly.

Description

A kind of plastic extruder
Technical field
The utility model relates to plastic extruder.
Background technology
Plastics screw extruding machine occupies critical role in plasticizing processing, and screw rod is as the critical component of single screw extrusion machine, and its effect is most important, and screw rod is one of most important factor of the efficiency determining extruder.Simultaneously, for ease of carrying out smoothly of the whole production procedure of single screw extrusion machine, if carry out solid material generating portion liquefaction because being heated in reinforced process at loading hopper to barrel, then can cause unnecessary impact in the transport process of material, and Yin Wendu reduces generating portion solidification in the transmitting procedure of solid material post liquefaction, then cause unnecessary impact on the transmission of material with use, with this, the problem in these productions should be solved.
The effect of extruder screw makes sizing material gradually become rectilinear motion with screw rod rotary motion, passes, and match with fuselage to heading, compression heat generation, softening stirring, blend glue stuff.
The motion of material in extruder screw is divided into three sections of researchs, thus the design of screw rod also often segmentation carry out.Because each section is continuous passage, so in actual production, as long as can meet the demands, not right and wrong screw rod is divided into three sections can not.Such as, when extruding the material of this class good crystallinity of nylon, only have feeding section and homogenizing zone, the screw rod of general Screw Extrusion soft polyvinyl chloride plastic, can adopt whole compression section, and need not be divided into feeding section and homogenizing zone.
The segmented of screw rod obtains from experience, depends mainly on the character of material.Feeding section length can from 0 to accounting for 75% of screw rod total length, and the longest when extruding crystalline polymer in general, rigid amorphous polymer takes second place, and soft amorphous polymer is the shortest.Compression section length accounts for 50% of screw rod total length usually, certainly resembles above-mentioned nylon and soft polyvinyl chloride plastic exception.During polyethylene extrusion the desirable total length of homogenizing zone length 20% ~ 25%.But to some temperature-sensitive material (as polyvinyl chloride), material should not stop long in this section, can not want homogenizing zone.
For the screw rod with homogenizing zone, its spiro rod length is longer, in the process extruded material, has important effect to the fragmentation of material and homogenizing.It is uneven that existing screw rod in use has extruding, and the unstable product quality of discharging, material is poor at the homo-effect of machine barrel inside.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one and can extrudes material, improves the plastic extruder of homo-effect.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: provide a kind of extruder, comprise motor, reductor, barrel, screw rod and loading hopper, motor connects reductor, reductor connecting screw rod, loading hopper is located on barrel, the feed end of barrel is wrapped with cooling jacket, and barrel is provided with heater, and barrel is also enclosed with insulation jacket outward, the end of barrel is provided with discharging opening, is provided with described screw rod in barrel; Be provided with graticule mesh in described hopper, the outer wall of hopper is provided with vibrating motor;
Screw rod comprises screw body, and screw body has feed zone, fusing section, homogenizing zone and discharging section; Feed zone has main thread, and the end face of main thread and two sides are provided with bur;
Fusing section have the main thread and deputy thread that reduce gradually towards discharging section, vertically pitch, fusing section comprises ascent stage and descending branch, main thread footpath height on the ascent stage raises gradually, the footpath height of deputy thread reduces gradually, main thread footpath height in descending branch reduces gradually, and the footpath height of deputy thread raises gradually;
Homogenizing zone has main thread, this main thread offers breach; Be provided with several mixing unit between homogenizing zone and fusing section, mixing unit comprises the first deep trouth, the second deep trouth and the raised line that distribute vertically; One end of first deep trouth extends to fusing section, and one end of the second deep trouth extends to homogenizing zone;
Discharging section has main thread, and main thread footpath height vertically reduces gradually, and the tail end of discharging section is provided with two toothed discs with communication port, and the communication port of two toothed discs shifts to install; The end of discharging section, with screwed hole, is provided with screw head, and screw head is provided with spiral flow deflector.
In sum, the utility model has the following advantages:
1, on feed zone of the present utility model with bur, not only can polish to material, to extrude and just broken, and material can be made to mix on feed zone evenly;
2, melt the main thread in section and deputy thread, different according to position, make the threading path height of ascent stage and descending branch inconsistent, material also can be allowed more smooth in the movement of screw surface, and homo-effect is good;
3, material receives extruding in interlayer inside, thus it is better to seem the melting effect of plastic raw materials, reduces the occurrence probability that cannot plastic raw materials be made completely to dissolve.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the plane of screw rod;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of feed zone;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that mixing unit is connected with fusing section and homogenizing zone;
Fig. 4 is the side sectional view of mixing unit;
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of toothed disc;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of screw head;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of extruder.
Wherein, 1, screw body; 2, feed zone; 3, section is melted; 4, homogenizing zone; 5, discharging section; 6, main thread; 7, deputy thread; 8, screw head; 9, flow deflector; 10, mixing unit; 11, the first deep trouth; 12, the second deep trouth; 13, raised line; 14, toothed disc; 15, communication port; 16, motor; 17, reductor; 18, barrel; 19, screw rod; 20, hopper; 21, bur.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in detail.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, provide a kind of plastic extruder, comprise motor 16, reductor 17, barrel 18, screw rod 19 and loading hopper 20, motor 16 connects reductor 17, reductor 17 connecting screw rod 19, loading hopper 20 is located on barrel 18, and the feed end of barrel 18 is wrapped with cooling jacket, barrel 18 is provided with heater, barrel 18 is outer is also enclosed with insulation jacket, and the end of barrel 18 is provided with discharging opening, is provided with screw rod 19 in barrel 18.Be provided with graticule mesh in 20 hoppers, the outer wall of hopper 20 is provided with vibrating motor.Graticule mesh is the netted baffle plate with hollow out, and feed particles can be allowed to leak down; Also can prevent larger particles, the impurity of such as bulk falls in extruder, and vibrating motor can allow material receive vibration force in hopper 20, is convenient to blanking simultaneously.
Screw rod 19 comprises screw body 1, and screw body 1 has feed zone 2, fusing section 3, homogenizing zone 4 and discharging section 5.
Feed zone 2 has main thread 6, the end face of main thread 6 and two sides are provided with bur 21.Bur 21 can be triangular in shape, and length dimension is 0.8cm ~ 1.5cm.Bur 21 can make material be subject to certain extruding force on feed zone 2, and material dispersion can be allowed more even, also can carry out certain fragmentation to larger, frangible material.
Fusing section 3 has the main thread 6 and deputy thread 7 that reduce gradually towards discharging section 5, vertically pitch, and fusing section 3 comprises ascent stage and descending branch, and the length of ascent stage and descending branch is equal, and the ascent stage is closer to feed zone 2.Main thread 6 footpath height on the ascent stage raises gradually, and the footpath height of deputy thread 7 reduces gradually, and the main thread 6 footpath height in descending branch reduces gradually, and the footpath height of deputy thread 7 raises gradually, the high height referring to screw thread in footpath, or perhaps groove depth.In fusing section 3 there is alternately change in the footpath height of screw thread, in ripple type, can realize the compression of material, loosen and hocket, finally can make the complete plasticizing of material and mix, can reduce the generation of bubble.
Homogenizing zone 4 has main thread 6, this main thread 6 offers breach, the opening direction of breach is axially, the degree of depth of breach can be main thread 6 footpath high 2/3rds, width is 1cm ~ 2cm.Breach can make the more sliding freedom of the flow direction of material on homogenizing zone 4, mutually blends between fluid.Be provided with four mixing unit 10 between homogenizing zone 4 and fusing section 3, mixing unit 10 comprises the first deep trouth 11, second deep trouth 12 and the raised line 13 distributed vertically.One end of first deep trouth 11 extends to the one end of melting section 3, second deep trouth 12 and extends to homogenizing zone 4; The degree of depth of the second deep trouth 12 is greater than the degree of depth of the first deep trouth 11.
Liquid material in fusing section 3 can successively through the first deep trouth 11, climb over raised line 13 after enter the second deep trouth 12, and then homogenizing zone 4 can be flowed into, because raised line 13 has certain altitude, certain extruding can be carried out to material.
Discharging section 5 has main thread 6, main thread 6 footpath height vertically reduces gradually, and the communication port 5 tail end of discharging section 5 is provided with two toothed discs, 14, two toothed discs 14 of communication port 15 shifts to install.The toothed disc 14 shifted to install can carry out certain extruding to material, and discharging is even.The end of discharging section 5, with screwed hole, is provided with screw head 8, and screw head 8 is provided with spiral flow deflector 9, and flow deflector 9 can make material discharging when discharging smooth and easy, not easily goes out to occur cohesion blocking at discharging opening.
Although describe in detail detailed description of the invention of the present utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings, should not be construed as the restriction of the protection domain to this patent.In the scope described by claims, the various amendment that those skilled in the art can make without creative work and distortion still belong to the protection domain of this patent.

Claims (5)

1. a plastic extruder, comprise motor, reductor, barrel, screw rod and loading hopper, motor connects reductor, reductor connecting screw rod, loading hopper is located on barrel, and the feed end of barrel is wrapped with cooling jacket, barrel is provided with heater, barrel is also enclosed with insulation jacket outward, and the end of barrel is provided with discharging opening, is provided with described screw rod in barrel; It is characterized in that: in described hopper, be provided with graticule mesh, the outer wall of hopper is provided with vibrating motor;
Described screw rod comprises screw body, and screw body has feed zone, fusing section, homogenizing zone and discharging section; Described feed zone has main thread, and the end face of main thread and two sides are provided with bur;
Described fusing section have the main thread and deputy thread that reduce gradually towards discharging section, vertically pitch, fusing section comprises ascent stage and descending branch, main thread footpath height on the ascent stage raises gradually, the footpath height of deputy thread reduces gradually, main thread footpath height in descending branch reduces gradually, and the footpath height of deputy thread raises gradually;
Described homogenizing zone has main thread, this main thread offers breach; Be provided with several mixing unit between homogenizing zone and fusing section, mixing unit comprises the first deep trouth, the second deep trouth and the raised line that distribute vertically; One end of described first deep trouth extends to fusing section, and one end of the second deep trouth extends to homogenizing zone;
Described discharging section has main thread, and main thread footpath height vertically reduces gradually, and the tail end of discharging section is provided with two toothed discs with communication port, and the communication port of two toothed discs shifts to install; The end of discharging section, with screwed hole, is provided with screw head, and screw head is provided with spiral flow deflector.
2. extruder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described bur is triangular in shape.
3. extruder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the ascent stage of described fusing section is equal with the length of descending branch.
4. extruder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the degree of depth of described second deep trouth is greater than the degree of depth of the first deep trouth.
5. extruder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described screw rod is provided with four groups of mixing unit.
CN201420774405.6U 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 A kind of plastic extruder Expired - Fee Related CN204505769U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420774405.6U CN204505769U (en) 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 A kind of plastic extruder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420774405.6U CN204505769U (en) 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 A kind of plastic extruder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204505769U true CN204505769U (en) 2015-07-29

Family

ID=53703771

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420774405.6U Expired - Fee Related CN204505769U (en) 2014-12-11 2014-12-11 A kind of plastic extruder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204505769U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106541555A (en) * 2017-01-14 2017-03-29 李红丽 Screw of plastic extruder
CN107718466A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-23 江门麦威电子科技有限公司 A kind of screw in injection molding machine for being easy to pusher

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106541555A (en) * 2017-01-14 2017-03-29 李红丽 Screw of plastic extruder
CN106541555B (en) * 2017-01-14 2018-11-20 李红丽 Screw of plastic extruder
CN107718466A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-23 江门麦威电子科技有限公司 A kind of screw in injection molding machine for being easy to pusher

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204505769U (en) A kind of plastic extruder
CN204505776U (en) A kind of extruder
CN204505770U (en) A kind of extruder of singe screw
CN102794899A (en) Screw of twin-screw extruder for compound modification of waste rubber-plastic blending system
CN101875232A (en) Conical three-screw rod extruder arranged like triangle
CN204471820U (en) A kind of extruder with tubaeform discharging opening
CN102922715A (en) Charging device and twin-screw extruder provided with the same
CN101875233A (en) Straight conical three-screw extruder
CN206690514U (en) A kind of special extrusion screw rod of heat-proof polythene
CN101954732A (en) Cone-shaped single-screw extruder with parallel screw head section
CN204505777U (en) A kind of singe screw
CN204505773U (en) A kind of screw rod of extruder
CN204773494U (en) Extruder screw rod
CN204471833U (en) A kind of screw rod with bur
CN204471832U (en) A kind of screw rod strengthening homogenizing
CN207669745U (en) A kind of screw extruder
CN208529689U (en) A kind of dedicated exhaust screw of acrylic leftover pieces extrusion board
CN208529688U (en) A kind of bolt special of high density polyethylene (HDPE) blown film extruder
CN203141815U (en) Screw of single screw extruder
CN201669874U (en) High-speed extrusion single screw for polypropylene
CN104589618A (en) Special two-section BM type screw rod for wire and cable extruder
CN202623243U (en) Plastic extruding machine with conical screw
CN109049602A (en) It is a kind of for producing the single screw extrusion machine of starch plastics
CN201633185U (en) Linear cone-shaped three-screw extruder
CN208101007U (en) A kind of bolt special of polypropylene flat-filament wire drawing machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150729

Termination date: 20151211

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model