CN204504147U - " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting - Google Patents

" point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204504147U
CN204504147U CN201420680920.8U CN201420680920U CN204504147U CN 204504147 U CN204504147 U CN 204504147U CN 201420680920 U CN201420680920 U CN 201420680920U CN 204504147 U CN204504147 U CN 204504147U
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China
Prior art keywords
pouring
point type
iron casting
nodular iron
casting according
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420680920.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔庆柱
许文青
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SHANDONG HUIJIN CO Ltd
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SHANDONG HUIJIN CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to " point type " apparatus for pouring of a kind of nodular iron casting, be exactly sprue, cross gate, ingate, rising head and riser neck, by optimize centralized integration be a functive, and play multiple action: can either pour into a mould as sprue, buffering can also be played, filter, draw and water, collect the effect such as slag, feeding, namely " one is multiplex "; In conjunction with chill and subsidy design, achieve the Feeding channel of a consecutive solidification, pouring technology system that this just constructs " point type ".

Description

" point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting
Technical field
The utility model creates " point type " apparatus for pouring relating to a kind of nodular iron casting.
Background technology
The solidification mode of spheroidal graphite cast-iron is that the inside and outside congee sample almost simultaneously carried out solidifies, and thus easily forms Micro shrinkage; Simultaneously to solidify the solidification layer determining cast(ing) surface very thin for congee sample, so that the solidified shell of sufficient intensity can not be set up, in addition the time of eutectic freezing is longer, the graphitization expansion of eutectic transformation is larger, move outside the situation mo(u)ld bottom half wall of mold stiffness deficiency, cause shrinkage cavity and porosity volume to increase further thus.According to statistics, the shrinkage cavity of spheroidal graphite cast-iron and all wanting greatly of shrinkage porosite volume ratio common grey iron, white cast-iron and carbon steel, the shrinkage cavity of spheroidal graphite cast-iron and shrinkage porosite volume are 3 ~ 4 times of common grey iron.
According to the solidification mode of spheroidal graphite cast-iron, the Casting Technology that nodular iron casting is traditional is generally according to the principle design solidified simultaneously.But due to reasons such as product structure and ingate are arranged, solidifying can not be that when the position of after coagulation can not obtain timely feeding, shrinkage porosite is difficult to avoid definitely simultaneously.When product requirement is strict, be unappeasable, the planet hub series products that such as my company produces is exactly good example.
Planetary gear shell product is a large class exported product of the applicant, material QT600-3.Require machined surface " 0 grade " defect, internal flaw is no more than " 1 grade ".Our casting technique several times improves the yield rate that also can only reach 70%, sometimes even only has 60%.Waste product attribute is mostly flange and vertical wall intersection (i.e. flange root) shrinkage porosite, and be the technical barrier for many years perplexing my company, details are as follows.
Production equipment: FBM-III T or the FBO-II horizontal parting mo(u)lding line adopting the new east of Japan.The structure of analytic product, blind via bottom region is independently geometry thermal center, its internal porosity we solved by exothermic riser sleeve, but it can not feeding to flange root below.The shrinkage porosite of flange root is the root that percent defective is high for many years.After testing, blind hole sidewall sand hardness 70 ~ 80, foundry goods blind hole diameter reduces 1.2% than mould., and outside diameter reduce only 0.3% than mould, and casting section thickness adds 1mm than Design of Dies wall thickness, and this illustrates that process of setting there occurs the migration of type wall---and this shrinkage porosite Producing reason just.Move for preventing type wall and must improve sand hardness, but will give up by type because of the endoporus not demoulding.In this case, be only improved technique and be only best outlet.
Running gate system originally, product yield 50%, yield rate time preferably only has 70%.Think: three rising heads in flange week side come feeding flange and root thereof, are inadequate from practice result; Analyze from normality thinking, then increase by 1 rising head and perhaps can deal with problems to shorten feeding distance, but so product yield will be down to less than 40%, product is profitless to be sayed.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides " point type " apparatus for pouring of a kind of nodular iron casting, compared with prior art, has the advantage that yield rate is high.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
" point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting, comprises and builds device, and described device of building comprises the cup, sprue, the cross gate that arrange from top to bottom; The below of cross gate is riser base, opposite side is ingate, and ingate is communicated with builds mould, and arranges subsidy in the position with ingate; Subsidize the temperature field drawn near to strengthen gradually, to open Feeding channel.
Further, filter is settled building in device.
Further, slag trap settled by the cross gate of building device.
Further, the modulus of sprue is by being not less than required feeder modulus design.
Further, settle chill with the top of building the Feeding channel that device is terminal or create people for end region or for increasing feeding distance.
Further, in clay green sand molding situation, subsidy and foundry goods thermal center modulus of section gradient are not less than 0.005cm/cm.
Further, for clay green sand molding, 90 > mould hardnesses (Type B hardometer) >=80.
The operation principle that the utility model is created and beneficial effect show:
" point type pouring technology system " primary starting point is profit, is then improve yield rate and improve product yield to greatest extent.For this reason, the theory according to consecutive solidification adds chill to create end region in sprue opposite end, increase subsidy to extend feeding distance, make the shrinkage porosite of flange root " along " subsidize enter into rising head.Through well-designed, sprue, cross gate, ingate, rising head and riser neck are passed through to optimize, centralized integration is a functive (close five be) and plays multiple action: can either as sprue carry out cast can also play buffering, filtration, collect slag, draw water, the effect such as feeding, namely " one is multiplex ", in conjunction with chill and subsidy design, achieve the passage of a consecutive solidification, pouring technology system that this just constructs " point type ".
" point type " pouring technology system should be a kind of new casting technique, and reason is as follows.
The first, " point type " pouring technology system is not " head-free casting ".We know, spheroidal graphite cast-iron can not set up the solidified shell of sufficient intensity in process of setting, so the casting technique of nodular iron casting generally needs to arrange rising head carry out feeding, although some nodular iron casting can realize head-free casting, the shell of above-mentioned sufficient intensity is generally ensured by the casting mold that rigidity is enough.Theory about head-free casting has discussion in various " workshop manual " and technique opinion nationality, as the match of Shi Difen I card has just carried out detailed discussion to head-free casting in his " spheroidal graphite cast-iron cast gate and rising head " book.But be noted that, we now described " point type pouring technology system " is not in fact non-feedhead casting process, because " functive " just plays a part rising head, it is not rely on the rigidity of casting mold completely to ensure the foundry goods perfected, and it only need be not less than 80(B type hardness tester meter to the rigid requirements of casting mold).FBO line, FBM line, 145 lines, 148 lines all can meet the demands.
The second, " point type " pouring technology system is also different from the technique that the running gate system of touching upon in craft book makes rising head.Because the technique of " running gate system is as direct applied riser ", its sprue, cross gate, ingate are independently connectors; " point type " pouring technology system is " one is multiplex ", belongs to the category of general rising head.
3rd, " point type " pouring technology system, forms complete Feeding channel and has certain modulus gradient, so shrinkage porosite probability reduces greatly; " point type " pouring technology system, " closing five is one ", so it substantially increases product yield, increase rate is greater than head-free casting; Due to " one multiplex ", thus it few walked detour, relatively improve temperature when molten iron enters foundry goods, decrease the low waste product caused of Yin Wendu.
Rubis Class Nuclear Attack Submarine, the shortcoming that " point type pouring technology system " has abandoned general running gate system has drawn its advantage, substantially increases product yield while reducing shrinkage porosite waste product.
1, nodular iron casting " point type " pouring technology system is according to the principle design of consecutive solidification, wherein the part of most critical employs subsidy to nodular iron casting design, and this is do not discuss, study and instruct data in various workshop manual.
2, at clay green sand molding, mould hardness >=80(B type hardness tester meter), the foundry goods that liquid feeding requirement obtains perfecting can be met; Can shrinkage porosite be reduced when 80 > mould hardness > 70 but shrinkage porosite can not be eliminated completely; And general pouring technology system is for spheroidal graphite cast-iron, mould hardness requires at 90(B type hardness tester meter) more than, when using non-feedhead casting process, casting mold rigidity more must be strengthened.
3, the utility model is a kind of effective ways eliminating shrinkage porosite waste product.From result of use, greatly reduce shrinkage porosite percent defective.
4, the utility model a kind of improves the most effective measures of product yield.Drastically increase product yield, increase rate is greater than non-feedhead casting process.
5, the utility model is a kind of new casting technique.It is different from non-feedhead casting process, is also different from the technique that running gate system makes rising head, does not have identical technique in workshop manual.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present application or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, the accompanying drawing that the following describes is only some embodiments recorded in the application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings;
Fig. 1: this product structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2: point type pouring technology system architecture schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
The correlation technique content do not addressed below all can adopt or use for reference prior art.
Technical scheme in the application is understood better in order to make those skilled in the art person, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present application is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only some embodiments of the present application, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the application, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all should belong to the scope of the application's protection.
" point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting, comprises and builds device, and described device of building comprises the cup 1, sprue 2, the cross gate 3 that arrange from top to bottom; The below of cross gate is riser base 4, opposite side is ingate 5, and ingate is communicated with builds mould, and arranges subsidy 6 in the position with ingate; The temperature field that subsidy 6 draws near is strengthened, gradually to open Feeding channel.
Settle filter and slag trap building in device.
The modulus of sprue is by being not less than required feeder modulus design.
Be that the top of the Feeding channel of terminal is settled chill 7(or selective temperature Chang compare Ruo district and do not add chill with functive), to create people be end region or be increase feeding distance.
Further, in clay green sand molding situation, subsidy and foundry goods 8 thermal center modulus of section gradient are not less than 0.005cm/cm.
Further, for clay green sand molding, 90 > mould hardnesses (Type B hardometer) >=80.
" point type pouring technology system " greatly reduces shrinkage porosite waste product while greatly improving product yield, thus substantially increases yield rate.Its effect is verified in existing production practices.
11760, the foundry method improvement of 9 kinds of planet hubs such as 12779,11360,19929,10907,10908,10928,11356,11357 all applies the method for designing of " point type pouring technology system ", verified by production practices, achieve gratifying results: improve product yield 20-30%, and greatly reducing shrinkage defect, yield rate reaches more than 92%.
Through adjusting, planet hub molten iron utilization rate improves more than 100%, and the molten iron that is originally producing 1 castings can produce 2 castings now.Produce 200,000 by annual, the heavy 16kg of average part calculates, and can economize on the use of funds more than 7,000,000 yuan, benefit has some idea of.
In view of the service condition of technique is good, a large amount of molten iron being saved, obtaining utilization when designing other like product techniques.410989 planet hubs newly developed and 11301 planet hubs all directly have employed this technique and primary development is successful.
Reference is have also been obtained when designing other Product Process.
Adopt the Ai Ke 4308708H1 bonding pad of this process modification: subsidize heavy by 3.5%, yield rate more than 95% (former process yield 60%), the former technique 45% of product yield 71%(); After then improving, molten iron utilization rate is the former technique 27% of 95% × 71% × (1-3.5%)=65.1%(), improve 141%, the molten iron that is originally producing 1 castings can produce 2.4 castings now.
U.S.'s para root 29537726 converter lid of in August, 2013 exploitation is the logical 1 year untapped successful product of unit, and our company's primary development is successful.Key technology has wherein used for reference the method for designing of " point type pouring technology system " exactly, solves its internal porosity problem.
1, nodular iron casting " point type " pouring technology system is according to the principle design of consecutive solidification, wherein the part of most critical employs subsidy to nodular iron casting design, and this is do not discuss, study and instruct data in various workshop manual.
2, at clay green sand molding, mould hardness >=80(B type hardness tester meter), Neng Gouman
The liquid feeding of foot requires the foundry goods obtaining perfecting.And general pouring technology system is for spheroidal graphite cast-iron, mould hardness requires at 90(B type hardness tester meter) more than.
3, complete Feeding channel, eliminates a kind of effective ways of shrinkage porosite waste product.From result of use, greatly reduce shrinkage porosite percent defective.
4, " closing five is one ", drastically increase product yield, increase rate is greater than head-free casting
Technique.Become a kind of and improve the most effective measures of product yield.
5, front do not have it.It is different from non-feedhead casting process, is also different from the technique that running gate system makes rising head, is a kind of new casting technique.
A lot of product can be applied it to eliminate or reduce shrinkage porosite, improves product yield---and it is a kind of effective ways eliminated Shrinkage Porosity under certain condition, improve product yield, and its application and popularization will create huge economic benefit.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the application, those skilled in the art is understood or realizes the application.To be apparent to one skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiments, General Principle as defined herein when not departing from the spirit or scope of the application, can realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the application can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (7)

1. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting, is characterized in that: comprise and build device, and described device of building comprises the cup, sprue, the cross gate that arrange from top to bottom; The below of cross gate is riser base, opposite side is ingate, and ingate is communicated with builds mould, and arranges subsidy in the position with ingate; Subsidize the temperature field drawn near to strengthen gradually, to open Feeding channel.
2. " point type " apparatus for pouring of a kind of nodular iron casting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: settle filter building in device.
3. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: on the cross gate of building device, settle slag trap.
4. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the modulus of sprue is by being not less than required feeder modulus design.
5. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: settle chill with the top of building the Feeding channel that device is terminal or create people for end region or for increasing feeding distance.
6. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in clay green sand molding situation, and subsidy and foundry goods thermal center modulus of section gradient are not less than 0.005cm/cm.
7. " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting according to claim 1, is characterized in that: for clay green sand molding, 90 > mould hardnesses (Type B hardometer) >=80.
CN201420680920.8U 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 " point type " apparatus for pouring of nodular iron casting Withdrawn - After Issue CN204504147U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104707938A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-06-17 山东汇金股份有限公司 Point-type pouring process system for nodular iron casting
CN105301036A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-03 哈尔滨东安发动机(集团)有限公司 Device used for measuring sand mould riser modulus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104707938A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-06-17 山东汇金股份有限公司 Point-type pouring process system for nodular iron casting
CN105301036A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-03 哈尔滨东安发动机(集团)有限公司 Device used for measuring sand mould riser modulus

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150729

Effective date of abandoning: 20170725

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