CN204478001U - A kind of biomass steam generator - Google Patents

A kind of biomass steam generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204478001U
CN204478001U CN201520065778.0U CN201520065778U CN204478001U CN 204478001 U CN204478001 U CN 204478001U CN 201520065778 U CN201520065778 U CN 201520065778U CN 204478001 U CN204478001 U CN 204478001U
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China
Prior art keywords
heater
heat room
steam generator
communicated
biomass steam
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CN201520065778.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵伟忠
徐建锋
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Zhejiang Zhongli Tools Manufacture Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Zhongli Tools Manufacture Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of biomass steam generator, comprise body of heater, granular fuel case, described body of heater comprises body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three, body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three is cisten mechanism, and be respectively equipped with Heat Room in cisten mechanism, fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, the hopper be communicated with the feeding mouth of fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, and hopper is positioned at the top of fuel delivery means, the discharging opening of fuel delivery means is communicated with by the Heat Room of pipeline with body of heater one, body of heater one, body of heater two, the Heat Room of body of heater three is successively by some pipeline connections, body of heater one, body of heater two, the water tank of body of heater three passes through cross current, throat is provided with in body of heater three, and throat is communicated with Heat Room in body of heater three, and boot up to body of heater three upper end.

Description

A kind of biomass steam generator
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fuel apparatus technical field, relates to a kind of steam generator, particularly a kind of biomass steam generator.
Background technology
Steam generator utilizes other fuel or other energy by the plant equipment of water addition hot water or steam.Be widely used in each field, as the field such as food and drink, Saunas.At present, a large amount of steam generators uses combustible gas as the energy, the energy shortage that excessive use can cause and environment deterioration problem, and its cost is high, is unfavorable for marketing.Biomass energy will become the trend of Developing for this reason.Traditional steam generator working method is simple, and the waste gas after burning is directly discharged from self-support chimney, and heating surface area is little, and burn insufficient, rate of heat exchange is low, serious to atmosphere pollution; Performance of ventilating is poor, the easy fouling of stove layer; Intelligent level is low, and security performance is not good.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the weak point in order to solve in background technology, provides another kind of biomass steam generator.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of biomass steam generator, comprise body of heater, granular fuel case, described body of heater comprises body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three, body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three is cisten mechanism, and be respectively equipped with Heat Room in cisten mechanism, fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, the hopper be communicated with the feeding mouth of fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, and hopper is positioned at the top of fuel delivery means, the discharging opening of fuel delivery means is communicated with by the Heat Room of pipeline with body of heater one, body of heater one, body of heater two, the Heat Room of body of heater three is successively by some pipeline connections, body of heater one, body of heater two, the water tank of body of heater three passes through cross current, throat is provided with in body of heater three, and throat is communicated with Heat Room in body of heater three, and boot up to body of heater three upper end.
One of the present utility model is optimized, the bottom outside of body of heater one is provided with storage air compartment, the side of storage air compartment is provided with air blast, and be provided with fresh air inlet between combustion chamber in the air outlet of air blast and body of heater one, be respectively equipped with the drawer for collecting lime-ash bottom the Heat Room of body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three, in body of heater one, the wall of Heat Room is provided with peep-hole.
Optimize for one of the present utility model, be provided with the heat exchanger tube that intersection is horizontal in body of heater two in Heat Room, the two ends of heat exchanger tube are communicated with the water tank in body of heater two.
Optimize for one of the present utility model, be provided with in Heat Room in body of heater three, inner water tank is communicated with by the water tank of water pipe with body of heater three, and the top of interior reservoir hydroecium is provided with flexible rubber ring.
One of the present utility model is optimized, the top of body of heater one is installed with the pressure sensor, the temperature sensor that are communicated with body of heater one water tank respectively, and the exhaust outlet to be communicated with body of heater one class Heat Room, PLC is provided with outside body of heater one, pressure sensor, temperature sensor are communicated with PLC, and described PLC is arranged at outside the casing of granular fuel case.
Optimize for one of the present utility model, the discharging opening of fuel delivery means is communicated with by the Heat Room of inclined tube with body of heater one.
Optimize for one of the present utility model, bottom the Heat Room of body of heater one, side is provided with the burner of electric sparking form igniting.
One of the present utility model is optimized, the water pipe between body of heater two and body of heater three is provided with safety valve and water pump.
One of the present utility model is optimized, above throat, is provided with air exhauster.
Optimize for one of the present utility model, there is blow-off pipe the below of body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three.
The utility model background technology is compared, and has compact conformation, rationally, in body of heater, the heating surface area of Heat Room is large, and heat transference efficiency is high; Easily take away flue dust, flue dust is not easily tied in combustion chamber; Easy water scale discharge, is easy to cleaning; Not easily there is the string fire phenomenon of fuel tank; Intelligent level is high, and security performance is good, and fuel availability is high, environmental protection and energy saving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of biomass steam generator.
Fig. 2 is that flue dust flows to schematic diagram
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: with reference to Fig. 1 and 2.A kind of biomass steam generator, comprise body of heater, granular fuel case 14, described body of heater comprises body of heater 1, body of heater 2 32, body of heater 36, body of heater 1, body of heater 2 32, body of heater 36 is cisten mechanism, and in cisten mechanism, be respectively equipped with Heat Room 25, fuel delivery means 17 is provided with in granular fuel case 14, the hopper 22 be communicated with the feeding mouth 16 of fuel delivery means 17 is provided with in granular fuel case 14, and hopper 22 is positioned at the top of fuel delivery means 17, the discharging opening of fuel delivery means 17 is communicated with the Heat Room of body of heater 1 by pipeline 18, body of heater 1, body of heater 2 32, the Heat Room of body of heater 36 is successively by some pipeline connections, body of heater 1, body of heater 2 32, the water tank of body of heater 36 passes through cross current, throat 7 is provided with in body of heater 36, and throat 7 is communicated with Heat Room 25 in body of heater 36, and boot up to body of heater 36 upper end.The bottom outside of body of heater 1 is provided with storage air compartment 20, the side of storage air compartment 20 is provided with air blast 29, and be provided with fresh air inlet 23 between combustion chamber 25 in the air outlet of air blast 29 and body of heater 1, be respectively equipped with the drawer 2 for collecting lime-ash bottom the Heat Room 25 of body of heater 1, body of heater 2 32, body of heater 36, in body of heater 1, the wall of Heat Room is provided with peep-hole 19.
Water pipe 27 is also installed this safety valve 28, prevent aqueous reflux., for being similar to the structure of cylinder, there is burner 21 combustion chamber 22 below combustion chamber 22, the igniting of burner 21 is electric sparking forms, the mechanical ignition since changing tradition.There is the drawer 2 of dress lime-ash below burner 21, facilitate the process of lime-ash.There is air blast 29 on the left side of combustion chamber 22, and air blast 29 is come round with storage air compartment 20, and the lower part of combustion chamber 22 is be connected by four groups of fresh air inlets arranged 23 with storing up between air compartment 20, contributes to air inlet uniformity like this, controlled wind speed, promotes efficiency of combustion.The right flank of combustion chamber 22 has granular fuel case 14, and granular fuel case 14 is connected to combustion chamber 22 through pay-off 16.Pay-off 16 is connected with motor 17, fuel at the pay-off 16 driven by motor 17 in combustion chamber 22, have individual inclined tube 18 between combustion chamber 22 and pay-off 16, fiery phenomenon not easily gone here and there by fuel when combustion chamber 22 combustion, by the burn-out in granular fuel case 14.The side of combustion chamber 22 is also provided with peep-hole 19, for observing the combustion case in combustion chamber 22.The top of body of heater one is installed with pressure sensor 10, temperature sensor 11 respectively, and exhaust outlet 12.Pressure sensor 10, to be connected by electric wire 13 between temperature sensor 11 with PLC 15, temperature in body of heater one, pressure show in PLC 15, so not only can the working condition of the more observation body of heater of aspect, and discharged and traditional body of heater adopts Pressure gauge or thermometer damage for a long time because using and caused and measure inaccurate potential safety hazard.Heat Room 25 in body of heater two is connected by smoke pipe 0038 with the combustion chamber 23 of body of heater one, crossings horizontal heat exchanger tube 24 in Heat Room 25, and current, by wherein heating, so not only facilitate the circulation of current, and increase heating surface area.Individual water inlet 3 is arranged at the bottom of body of heater three, top is throat 7, air exhauster 30 is had above throat 7, the work of air exhauster 30 contributes to the flowing velocity of the flue dust increased in body of heater, thus preventing the phenomenon of stove layer fouling, there is individual elastic rubber ring 5 on the top of the reservoir chamber 6 connected with water pump in body of heater three, when body of heater three hydraulic pressure is excessive, it can be protruding, thus effectively prevent the security incident that body of heater causes because hydraulic pressure is excessive.Have blow-off pipe 31 in the below of three bodies of heater, blowdown is convenient, thus makes reservoir chamber 6 less scaling.During biomass steam generator work, current enter from the water inlet 3 of body of heater three, flow in the reservoir chamber 6 of body of heater three inside, when hydraulic pressure is excessive, the elastic rubber ring 5 on the top of reservoir chamber 6 can expand by nature, thus reduction hydraulic pressure, but when water pump 26 runs, effect by water pump 26 flows in the reservoir chamber in body of heater two through water pipe 27 by the water in reservoir chamber 6, the safety valve 28 that water pipe 27 is installed is the aqueous refluxs in order to prevent in body of heater two, in horizontal heat exchanger tube 24 when water flows in body of heater two in Heat Room 25, make heating surface area larger, speed evaporation of water speed.Then current two water pipes 9 flow in body of heater one, and within body of heater, complete evaporation becomes steam, discharges from exhaust outlet 12.Biomass fuel pellet enters in combustion chamber 22 through pay-off 16, acts on burning, meanwhile through burner 21, air blast 29 runs, in combustion chamber, constantly blast air, air forms the air-flow of rotation through air admission hole 23 through circular air storage chamber 20, enters combustion chamber uniformly and effectively, thus promotion fuel combustion, produce the rotation flue gas of high heat, the flue gas of rotation is under the effect of air exhauster 30, and gas flow rate increases, thus take away part flue dust, reduce flue dust fouling on body of heater layer.Because water (flow) direction is contrary with the flow direction of flue gas, the fume afterheat after carrying out hot-cast socket effect still can be acted in body of heater two, three, effectively add the utilization rate of fuel, saving resource, protection of the environment in body of heater one.
It is to be understood that: although the present embodiment to be contrasted detailed description to the utility model; but these explanations; just to simple declaration of the present utility model instead of to restriction of the present utility model; any innovation and creation do not exceeded in the utility model connotation, all fall in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a biomass steam generator, it is characterized in that comprising body of heater, granular fuel case, described body of heater comprises body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three, body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three is cisten mechanism, and be respectively equipped with Heat Room in cisten mechanism, fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, the hopper be communicated with the feeding mouth of fuel delivery means is provided with in granular fuel case, and hopper is positioned at the top of fuel delivery means, the discharging opening of fuel delivery means is communicated with by the Heat Room of pipeline with body of heater one, body of heater one, body of heater two, the Heat Room of body of heater three is successively by some pipeline connections, body of heater one, body of heater two, the water tank of body of heater three passes through cross current, throat is provided with in body of heater three, and throat is communicated with Heat Room in body of heater three, and boot up to body of heater three upper end.
2. the biomass steam generator according to claim, it is characterized in that: the bottom outside of body of heater one is provided with storage air compartment, the side of storage air compartment is provided with air blast, and be provided with fresh air inlet between combustion chamber in the air outlet of air blast and body of heater one, be respectively equipped with the drawer for collecting lime-ash bottom the Heat Room of body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three, in body of heater one, the wall of Heat Room is provided with peep-hole.
3. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: be provided with the heat exchanger tube that intersection is horizontal in body of heater two in Heat Room, the two ends of heat exchanger tube are communicated with the water tank in body of heater two.
4. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: be provided with in Heat Room in body of heater three, and inner water tank is communicated with by the water tank of water pipe with body of heater three, and the top of interior reservoir hydroecium is provided with flexible rubber ring.
5. the biomass steam generator according to claim, it is characterized in that: the top of body of heater one is installed with the pressure sensor, the temperature sensor that are communicated with body of heater one water tank respectively, and the exhaust outlet to be communicated with body of heater one class Heat Room, PLC is provided with outside body of heater one, pressure sensor, temperature sensor are communicated with PLC, and described PLC is arranged at outside the casing of granular fuel case.
6. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: the discharging opening of fuel delivery means is communicated with by the Heat Room of inclined tube with body of heater one.
7. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: bottom the Heat Room of body of heater one, side is provided with the burner of electric sparking form igniting.
8. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: the water pipe between body of heater two and body of heater three is provided with safety valve and water pump.
9. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: above throat, be provided with air exhauster.
10. the biomass steam generator according to claim, is characterized in that: there is blow-off pipe the below of body of heater one, body of heater two, body of heater three.
CN201520065778.0U 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 A kind of biomass steam generator Active CN204478001U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520065778.0U CN204478001U (en) 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 A kind of biomass steam generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520065778.0U CN204478001U (en) 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 A kind of biomass steam generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204478001U true CN204478001U (en) 2015-07-15

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CN201520065778.0U Active CN204478001U (en) 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 A kind of biomass steam generator

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566322A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Biomass vapor generator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566322A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 浙江中力工具制造有限公司 Biomass vapor generator

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