CN204440215U - A kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller - Google Patents

A kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204440215U
CN204440215U CN201520044339.1U CN201520044339U CN204440215U CN 204440215 U CN204440215 U CN 204440215U CN 201520044339 U CN201520044339 U CN 201520044339U CN 204440215 U CN204440215 U CN 204440215U
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China
Prior art keywords
power supply
microcontroller
constant current
circuit
resistance
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CN201520044339.1U
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Inventor
姚德贵
杨帆
寇晓适
董曼玲
代锋
胡佳佳
刘凯
张科
丁国君
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Chongqing University
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Henan Electric Power Research Institute
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Chongqing University
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Henan Electric Power Research Institute
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller, comprise microcontroller, subtraction circuit, voltage feedback circuit, precision resistance, operational amplifier, power supply and inspection leakage resistance; The output terminal of described microcontroller connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit, and the in-phase input end of subtraction circuit connects the positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply, and the output terminal of subtraction circuit connects the inverting input of voltage feedback circuit; Precision resistance one end connects the in-phase input end of voltage feedback circuit, the other end of precision resistance connects positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply and inspection leakage resistance one end simultaneously, and the other end of inspection leakage resistance exports I/O pin by operational amplifier and microcontroller one and is connected.The utility model is by the generation to the programming realization DC constant current power supply of microcontroller, and the DC constant current power supply produced is stable, noiseless, DC constant current power supply is embedded in microcontroller and uses.

Description

A kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller
Technical field
The utility model relates to DC constant current power supply and produces field, particularly relates to a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller.
Background technology
DC constant current power supply is indispensable in the detection of grounding net of transformer substation.When carrying out the detection of grounding net of transformer substation, in grounding net of transformer substation, the DC constant current power supply of certain amplitude size is injected by the down conductor of grounded screen, then use certain means to collect response voltage on the down conductor of grounded screen, utilize these response voltages to complete detection to grounded screen and corrosion diagnosis.
Certainly, the application of DC constant current power supply is not limited to grounding net of transformer substation field certainly, and under the digital times background of our life, a lot of digital products and electronic product all need use or produce DC constant current power supply.Also there is now the DC constant current power supply production method of a lot of comparative maturity, comprise the circuit production method of pure simulation, use relevant functional chip production method, use the matured product such as digital circuit production method and DC constant current power supply generator.These methods can produce the good DC constant current power supply of precision, also substantially meet the most demand to DC constant current power supply.
But work as in the face of needing direct current continuous current source to be embedded in microcontroller, when utilizing microcontroller programming to produce the demand of DC constant current power supply, said method all can not meet the demands.This is very unfavorable for the realization of DC constant current power supply in digital collecting finished product.Therefore find a kind of method to realize the realization of DC constant current power supply in digital product and microminiaturization has practical significance.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller, it can utilize microcontroller to produce DC constant current power supply, and there is stable, glitch-free advantage, DC constant current power supply is embedded in microcontroller and uses.
The utility model adopts following technical proposals:
Based on an adjustable DC constant current source generation device for microcontroller, comprise to export for generation of constant voltage signal and by feedback signal to constant voltage signal exports adjust microcontroller, for eliminate each chip power supply power supply in circuit to export DC constant current power supply interference subtraction circuit, for increasing export DC constant current power supply stability voltage feedback circuit, for finally producing the precision resistance of DC constant current power supply electric current, operational amplifier, the power supply of powering to each chip and calibrating with the inspection leakage resistance guaranteeing DC constant current power supply stability for DC constant current power supply; The output terminal of described microcontroller connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit by filtering circuit, the in-phase input end of subtraction circuit connects the positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply, and the output terminal of subtraction circuit connects the inverting input of voltage feedback circuit; Precision resistance one end connects the in-phase input end of voltage feedback circuit, the other end of precision resistance connects positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply and inspection leakage resistance one end simultaneously, and the other end of inspection leakage resistance exports I/O pin by operational amplifier and microcontroller one and is connected.
Described microcontroller adopts ARM or single-chip microcomputer.
Also include and export to the constant voltage signal produced the filtering circuit carrying out filtering, the input end of described filtering circuit connects the output terminal of microcontroller, and the output terminal of filtering circuit connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit.
Described filtering circuit is second-order low-pass filter circuit, and the cutoff frequency of second-order low-pass filter circuit is 10Hz.
The yield value of described subtraction circuit is 1.
Described precision resistance is high-precision power resistance, and resistance is 1 Ω ~ 0.5 Ω.
The resistance of described inspection leakage resistance is 0.1 Ω.
The utility model is by the generation to the programming realization DC constant current power supply of microcontroller, and the DC constant current power supply produced is stable, noiseless, DC constant current power supply is embedded in microcontroller and uses.The generation of DC constant current power supply and microcontroller well combine by further the utility model, for the realization of DC constant current power supply in digital product and microminiaturization are called reality, have practical significance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic block circuit diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further description is done to the utility model.
Based on an adjustable DC constant current source generation device for microcontroller, comprise export for generation of constant voltage signal microcontroller, to the constant voltage signal produced export carry out filtering filtering circuit, for eliminate each chip power supply power supply in circuit to export DC constant current power supply interference subtraction circuit, for increasing export DC constant current power supply stability voltage feedback circuit, for finally produce DC constant current power supply electric current precision resistance and for DC constant current power supply calibration with the inspection leakage resistance guaranteeing DC constant current power supply stability; The output terminal of described microcontroller connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit by filtering circuit, the in-phase input end of subtraction circuit connects the positive supply power pin of each chip, and the output terminal of subtraction circuit connects the inverting input of voltage feedback circuit; Precision resistance one end connects the in-phase input end of voltage feedback circuit, the other end of precision resistance connects positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply and inspection leakage resistance one end simultaneously, and the other end of inspection leakage resistance exports I/O pin by operational amplifier and microcontroller one and is connected.
Described microcontroller adopts ARM or single-chip microcomputer, has programmable functions.By the generation of the programming realization DC constant current power supply to microcontroller; Because the DC constant voltage produced by microcontroller programming has good stability, so consequent DC constant current power supply also has good stability.
The second-order low-pass filter circuit of described filtering circuit to be cutoff frequency be 10Hz.The yield value of described subtraction circuit is 1.Filtering circuit, in order to eliminate power supply disturbance, ensures can not zooming in or out of signal.And the in-phase input end of voltage feedback circuit is equal with inverting input input voltage, so the voltage at precision resistance two ends is the constant voltage that microcontroller programming produces.Described precision resistance is high-precision power resistance, and resistance is 1 Ω ~ 0.5 Ω.The voltage exported due to microcontroller is less, so resistance needs to choose corresponding less resistance.
The resistance of described inspection leakage resistance is 0.1 Ω, and Voltage Feedback to the microcontroller at its two ends carries out DC constant current power supply electric current and exports calibration.
The utility model can by the generation to the programming realization DC constant current power supply of microcontroller; Because the DC constant voltage produced by microcontroller programming has good stability, so consequent DC constant current power supply also has good stability.Microcontroller exports for generation constant voltage signal of programming, (this is known technology, export high level always, do not relate to method characteristic) filtering circuit be used for produce constant voltage signal carry out filtering process, subtraction circuit is for eliminating the impact of power supply on output constant current source, and the difference of power supply and constant voltage signal is outputted to voltage feedback circuit, voltage feedback circuit is for increasing the output stability of DC constant current power supply, the constant voltage signal that microcontroller produces is loaded into precision resistance two ends indirectly simultaneously, and then generation DC constant current power supply, DC constant current power supply flows through inspection leakage resistance and produces a feedback inspection stream voltage before output, and this inspection stream voltage fed back is sent into microcontroller, microcontroller adjusts its constant voltage signal size exported by the size detecting this inspection stream voltage, (adjustment voltage swing is also known technology, do not relate to method characteristic) thus the adjustable DC constant current power supply of amplitude size can be produced, the output stability of further guarantee DC constant current power supply.

Claims (7)

1. the adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller, it is characterized in that: comprise for generation of a constant voltage signal output and by feedback signal, constant voltage signal exported to the microcontroller adjusted, for eliminating the subtraction circuit that in circuit, each chip power supply power supply disturbs output DC constant current power supply, for increasing the voltage feedback circuit exporting DC constant current power supply stability, for finally producing the precision resistance of DC constant current power supply electric current, operational amplifier, the power supply that each chip is powered and for DC constant current power supply calibration with the inspection leakage resistance guaranteeing DC constant current power supply stability, the output terminal of described microcontroller connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit by filtering circuit, the in-phase input end of subtraction circuit connects the positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply, and the output terminal of subtraction circuit connects the inverting input of voltage feedback circuit, precision resistance one end connects the in-phase input end of voltage feedback circuit, the other end of precision resistance connects positive power pin to each chip power supply power supply and inspection leakage resistance one end simultaneously, and the other end of inspection leakage resistance exports I/O pin by operational amplifier and microcontroller one and is connected.
2. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described microcontroller adopts ARM or single-chip microcomputer.
3. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: also include and the filtering circuit carrying out filtering is exported to the constant voltage signal produced, the input end of described filtering circuit connects the output terminal of microcontroller, and the output terminal of filtering circuit connects the inverting input of subtraction circuit.
4. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described filtering circuit is second-order low-pass filter circuit, the cutoff frequency of second-order low-pass filter circuit is 10Hz.
5. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the yield value of described subtraction circuit is 1.
6. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described precision resistance is high-precision power resistance, resistance is 1 Ω ~ 0.5 Ω.
7. a kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the resistance of described inspection leakage resistance is 0.1 Ω.
CN201520044339.1U 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 A kind of adjustable DC constant current source generation device based on microcontroller Active CN204440215U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104597956A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 国网河南省电力公司电力科学研究院 Adjustable direct-current constant-current source generation device and method based on microcontroller

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104597956A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 国网河南省电力公司电力科学研究院 Adjustable direct-current constant-current source generation device and method based on microcontroller

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