CN204381530U - A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction - Google Patents

A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204381530U
CN204381530U CN201420860957.9U CN201420860957U CN204381530U CN 204381530 U CN204381530 U CN 204381530U CN 201420860957 U CN201420860957 U CN 201420860957U CN 204381530 U CN204381530 U CN 204381530U
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China
Prior art keywords
shearing machine
plate shearing
bearing
tool post
reduce
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CN201420860957.9U
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马福东
史楚祥
许国坤
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YUNNAN KISC HEAVY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING GROUP Co Ltd
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YUNNAN KISC HEAVY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING GROUP Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction, comprise rear roller device, bearing, driveline, swing arm, pull bar, trimming hand wheel, front wheel device, described rear roller device is arranged at the bottom of plate shearing machine wallboard; Described driveline is arranged at the top of plate shearing machine wallboard; The two ends of described driveline are eccentric shaft, and arrange bearing near plate shearing machine wallboard place on eccentric shaft; The jackshaft of described driveline arranges swing arm; One end of described pull bar connects with swing arm, and the other end arranges trimming hand wheel; Described pull bar is connected with plate shearing machine panel by bearing block near trimming hand wheel place; Described front wheel device is arranged on plate shearing machine panel.The utility model Cutter Gap adjustment is convenient, fast; Eliminate upper tool post pair clearance, reduce the friction between upper tool post and guide rail.The utility model structure is simple, and processing ease, reliable operation, can reduce the friction of upper tool post and guide rail.

Description

A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction
Technical field
The utility model belongs to universal machine technical field, belongs to plate shearing machine technical field further, and be specifically related to a kind of structure simply, processing ease, reliable operation, can reduce the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device of upper tool post and rail friction.
Background technology
In machinery manufacturing industry, plate shearing machine is a kind of conventional process equipment, be mainly used in the shearing blanking of sheet material workpiece, it has easy and simple to handle, that operating efficiency is high feature, and plate shearing machine is widely used in the cutting member processing of the industries such as common mechanical manufacture, automobile, Production Container, device for switching and light industry.Although the plate shearing machine kind of current use is more, from operation principle and structural shape, be similar substantially, generally that lower slide is fixed, power passes to upper tool post through bent axle, and upper tool post moves up and down in rail plate, completes the shearing to workpiece.Plate shearing machine in use has strict requirement to the gap between upper bottom tool, needs to adjust gap between upper bottom tool according to the different-thickness of workpiece.Because the size in upper bottom tool gap not only affects the presentation quality of workpiece shear surface, and excesssive gap or too smallly also directly can damage cutter, even damage equipment.The plate shearing machine of prior art, on it bottom tool gap size by adjustment lower slide realize, upper tool post and guide rail constant.When needing to adjust upper bottom tool gap, the connecting bolt of lower slide and frame need be unclamped, then bottom tool gap adjustment bolt is adjusted, cutter gap is increased or reduces, the size clearance gauge in cutter gap is measured, tighten the connecting bolt of lower slide and frame behind adjusting play to suitable numerical value, then lock Cutter Gap adjustment bolt.This Cutter Gap adjustment procedure is loaded down with trivial details, the measurement in gap is inconvenient, require that the quality of operating personnel is higher, whole operating process is wasted time and energy, when needs carry out small lot variation production, owing to adjusting cutter gap continually, must increase and produce non-cutting time, thus affect production efficiency.
Owing to when plate shearing machine works being single-blade bias shearing workpiece, so have a lateral pressure in the side of fixing a cutting tool, there is certain assemblage gap between upper tool post and guide rail simultaneously, under the effect of lateral pressure, upper tool post swings formation drift angle backward, formed upper tool post a side only with relative shim lower contacts, cutter actual gap is bigger than normal than measurement clearance, and along with shim wearing and tearing increase, gap deviation value also increases thereupon.In order to ensure cutter gap actual value and measured value basically identical, when shim may wear to a certain degree, just must change shim.And to change shim be also a more loaded down with trivial details process.Under normal service condition, within general 2 ~ 3 months, just shim need be changed.So the plate shearing machine of prior art, upper and lower Cutter Gap adjustment is loaded down with trivial details, and spare parts consumption is large, and labor strength is high, and production efficiency is low, has had a strong impact on the economic benefit of enterprise.For this reason, research and develop a kind of structure simple, processing ease, reliable operation, the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction is the key addressed this problem.
Utility model content
It is simple that the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of structure, and processing ease, reliable operation, can reduce the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device of upper tool post and rail friction.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that and comprises rear roller device, bearing, driveline, swing arm, pull bar, trimming hand wheel, front wheel device, and described rear roller device is arranged at the bottom of plate shearing machine wallboard; Described driveline is arranged at the top of plate shearing machine wallboard; The two ends of described driveline are eccentric shaft, and arrange bearing near plate shearing machine wallboard place on eccentric shaft; The jackshaft of described driveline arranges swing arm; One end of described pull bar connects with swing arm, and the other end arranges trimming hand wheel; Described pull bar is connected with plate shearing machine panel by bearing block near trimming hand wheel place; Described front wheel device is arranged on plate shearing machine panel.
The utility model arranges support roller respectively at the two ends of plate shearing machine guide rail, namely arranges two fixed support wheels at the backing plate place of knife rest rear rail, wherein arranges rear roller below, arranges bearing above; Arrange a floating type front wheel at the backing plate place of knife rest fromer rail, this front wheel adopts disk spring to compress; Upper tool post moves up and down between knife rest rear rail and knife rest fromer rail; Due to the pressuring action of front wheel, the moment making knife rest overcome center of gravity to produce, knife rest rear rail face is attached on rear side two fixed support wheels all the time, ensure that knife rest knife edge clearance when moving up and down is stablized constant.Taking turns with bearings the axle be connected is eccentric shaft, and eccentric shaft is provided with swing arm; One end of pull bar is provided with screw thread and nut, and nut is connected with swing arm, and the other end of pull bar is provided with trimming hand wheel, and trimming hand wheel is provided with gap adjustment amount display list; Rotate trimming hand wheel, drive pull bar rotates, and the nut on pull bar drives swing arm and bearings wheel to swing, and promotion knife rest is that fulcrum rotates along the rear roller of rear side, and the position of front fulcrum will correspondingly change; Because front fulcrum is the floating fulcrum that disk spring supports, front fulcrum change in location needs can be met, realize the adjustment of knife edge clearance.The utility model Cutter Gap adjustment is convenient, fast, and labor strength is low; Eliminate upper tool post pair clearance, reduce the friction between upper tool post and guide rail, thus reduce the maintenance frequency of equipment, decrease the consumption of spare part, improve the utilization rate of equipment, improve the economic benefit of enterprise.The utility model structure is simple, and processing ease, reliable operation, can reduce the friction of upper tool post and guide rail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure relation schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 be the utility model before roller devices schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the working state schematic representation of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the B-B cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is existing plate shearing machine Cutter Gap adjustment structural representation;
Fig. 7 is existing plate shearing machine upper tool post working state schematic representation;
In figure: 1-rear roller device, 101-rear roller, 102-bearing, 103-axle, 104-gland, 2-bearing, 3-driveline, 31-bearing block, 32-bearing, 33-adapter sleeve, 34-jackshaft, 35-eccentric shaft, 4-swing arm, 5-pull bar, 6-trimming hand wheel, 7-front wheel device, 71-butterfly spring, 72-push rod, 73-gland, 74-front wheel, 75-bearing pin, 76-spring base, 8-knife rest rear rail, 9-knife rest fromer rail, 10-plate shearing machine panel, 11-plate shearing machine wallboard, 12-workbench, 13-binder cylinder, 14-hydraulic jack, 15-tool apron device, 16-material supporting rack, 17-knife rest, 18-fuel tank, 19-rear material stopping device, 20-existing plate shearing machine Cutter Gap adjustment bolt, the existing plate shearing machine lower slide of 21-, the existing plate shearing machine connecting bolt of 22-, the existing plate shearing machine guide rail of 23-, the existing plate shearing machine upper tool post of 24-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail, but limited the utility model never in any form, based on any conversion that the utility model training centre is done, all falls into the utility model protection domain.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 7, comprise rear roller device 1, bearing 2, driveline 3, swing arm 4, pull bar 5, trimming hand wheel 6, front wheel device 7, described rear roller device 1 is arranged at the bottom of plate shearing machine wallboard 11; Described driveline 3 is arranged at the top of plate shearing machine wallboard 11; The two ends of described driveline 3 are eccentric shaft, and arrange bearing 2 near plate shearing machine wallboard 11 place on eccentric shaft; The jackshaft of described driveline 3 arranges swing arm 4; One end of described pull bar 5 connects with swing arm 4, and the other end arranges trimming hand wheel 6; Described pull bar 5 is connected with plate shearing machine panel 10 by bearing block near trimming hand wheel 6 place; Described front wheel device 7 is arranged on plate shearing machine panel 10.
Described trimming hand wheel 6 is arranged gap adjustment amount display list.
Described rear roller device 1 comprises rear roller 101, bearing 102, axle 103, gland 104; One end of described axle 103 by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard 11 affixed, the other end arranges roller 101 and gland 104; Between described axle 103 and rear roller 101, bearing 102 is set.
The periphery of described rear roller 101 and the surface contact of knife rest rear rail 8, its periphery hardness is HB320 ~ 380.
Described bearing 2 is self-aligning bearing, the surface contact of its surface and knife rest rear rail 8.
The radial center of described bearing 2 is consistent with the radial center of rear roller 101 in vertical direction.
Described driveline 3 comprises bearing block 31, bearing 32, adapter sleeve 33, jackshaft 34, eccentric shaft 35; The two ends of described jackshaft 34 are connected with eccentric shaft 35 by adapter sleeve 33; Described bearing block 31 by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard 11 affixed; Described bearing block 31 inside arranges bearing 32; One end of described eccentric shaft 35 is connected with jackshaft 34, and the other end coordinates with bearing 32.
Described swing arm 4 arranges jaws, and is connected with jackshaft 34 by jaws, uses bolted jaws.
Described front wheel device 7 comprises butterfly spring 71, push rod 72, gland 73, front wheel 74, bearing pin 75, spring base 76; Described spring base 76 by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard 11 affixed; The endoporus of described spring base 76 arranges butterfly spring 71 and push rod 72, outer face is arranged gland 73; The middle part of the inner end of described push rod 72 arranges front wheel 74, and outer end coordinates with butterfly spring 71 and gland 73; Between described push rod 72 and front wheel 74, bearing pin 75 is set.
The periphery of described front wheel 74 and the surface contact of knife rest fromer rail 9, its periphery hardness is HB320 ~ 380.
operation principle of the present utility model and the course of work:
The utility model arranges support roller respectively at the two ends of plate shearing machine guide rail, namely arranges two fixed support wheels at the backing plate place of knife rest 17 rear rail 8, wherein arranges rear roller 101 below, arranges bearing 2 above; Arrange a floating type front wheel 74 at the backing plate place of knife rest fromer rail 9, this front wheel 74 adopts disk spring 71 to compress; Knife rest 17 moves up and down between knife rest rear rail 8 and knife rest fromer rail 9; Due to the pressuring action of front wheel 74, the moment making knife rest 17 overcome center of gravity to produce, the face of knife rest rear rail 8 is attached on rear side two fixed support wheels all the time, ensure that knife rest 17 knife edge clearance when moving up and down is stablized constant.The axle be connected with bearing 2 support wheel is eccentric shaft 35, and eccentric shaft 35 is provided with swing arm 4; One end of pull bar 5 is provided with screw thread and nut, and nut is connected with swing arm 4, and the other end of pull bar 5 is provided with trimming hand wheel 6, and trimming hand wheel 6 is provided with gap adjustment amount display list; Rotate trimming hand wheel 6, drive pull bar 5 to rotate, nut on pull bar 5 drives swing arm 4 and bearing 2 support wheel to swing, and promote the rear roller 101 of knife rest 17 along rear side and rotate for fulcrum, the position of front fulcrum will correspondingly change; Because front fulcrum is the floating fulcrum that disk spring 71 supports, front fulcrum change in location needs can be met, realize the adjustment of knife edge clearance.

Claims (10)

1. one kind can reduce the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device of upper tool post and rail friction, comprise rear roller device (1), bearing (2), driveline (3), swing arm (4), pull bar (5), trimming hand wheel (6), front wheel device (7), it is characterized in that: described rear roller device (1) is arranged at the bottom of plate shearing machine wallboard (11); Described driveline (3) is arranged at the top of plate shearing machine wallboard (11); The two ends of described driveline (3) are eccentric shaft, and arrange bearing (2) near plate shearing machine wallboard (11) place on eccentric shaft; The jackshaft of described driveline (3) arranges swing arm (4); One end of described pull bar (5) connects with swing arm (4), and the other end arranges trimming hand wheel (6); Described pull bar (5) is connected with plate shearing machine panel (10) by bearing block near trimming hand wheel (6) place; Described front wheel device (7) is arranged on plate shearing machine panel (10).
2. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described trimming hand wheel (6) arranges gap adjustment amount display list.
3. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rear roller device (1) comprises rear roller (101), bearing (102), axle (103), gland (104); One end of described axle (103) by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard (11) affixed, the other end arranges roller (101) and gland (104); Between described axle (103) and rear roller (101), bearing (102) is set.
4. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the periphery of described rear roller (101) and the surface contact of knife rest rear rail (8), its periphery hardness is HB320 ~ 380.
5. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bearing (2) is self-aligning bearing, the surface contact of its surface and knife rest rear rail (8).
6. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that: the radial center of described bearing (2) is consistent with the radial center of rear roller (101) in vertical direction.
7. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described driveline (3) comprises bearing block (31), bearing (32), adapter sleeve (33), jackshaft (34), eccentric shaft (35); The two ends of described jackshaft (34) are connected with eccentric shaft (35) by adapter sleeve (33); Described bearing block (31) by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard (11) affixed; Described bearing block (31) inside arranges bearing (32); One end of described eccentric shaft (35) is connected with jackshaft (34), and the other end coordinates with bearing (32).
8. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1 or 7, is characterized in that: described swing arm (4) arranges jaws, and is connected with jackshaft (34) by jaws, uses bolted jaws.
9. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described front wheel device (7) comprises butterfly spring (71), push rod (72), gland (73), front wheel (74), bearing pin (75), spring base (76); Described spring base (76) by bolt and plate shearing machine wallboard (11) affixed; The endoporus of described spring base (76) arranges butterfly spring (71) and push rod (72), outer face is arranged gland (73); The middle part of the inner end of described push rod (72) arranges front wheel (74), and outer end coordinates with butterfly spring (71) and gland (73); Between described push rod (72) and front wheel (74), bearing pin (75) is set.
10. the plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction according to claim 9, is characterized in that: the periphery of described front wheel (74) and the surface contact of knife rest fromer rail (9), its periphery hardness is HB320 ~ 380.
CN201420860957.9U 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction Active CN204381530U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420860957.9U CN204381530U (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420860957.9U CN204381530U (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 A kind of plate shearing machine cutter clearance adjusting device that can reduce upper tool post and rail friction

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105880722A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-24 南通志高重工科技有限公司 Plate shearing machine tool rest with locking mechanism and tool thereof
CN106560592A (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-04-12 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司 Power head carriage device and drilling machine
WO2017059616A1 (en) * 2015-10-08 2017-04-13 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Heavily loaded and highly efficient guide rail mechanism for movable shear

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017059616A1 (en) * 2015-10-08 2017-04-13 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Heavily loaded and highly efficient guide rail mechanism for movable shear
CN106560592A (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-04-12 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司 Power head carriage device and drilling machine
CN105880722A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-24 南通志高重工科技有限公司 Plate shearing machine tool rest with locking mechanism and tool thereof

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