CN204344428U - A kind of thick oil pump - Google Patents

A kind of thick oil pump Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204344428U
CN204344428U CN201420834506.8U CN201420834506U CN204344428U CN 204344428 U CN204344428 U CN 204344428U CN 201420834506 U CN201420834506 U CN 201420834506U CN 204344428 U CN204344428 U CN 204344428U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pump
pump barrel
oil
plunger
box cupling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420834506.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘磊
赵伟锋
栗伟玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGGE FUQIAO MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHANGGE FUQIAO MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGGE FUQIAO MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL Co Ltd filed Critical CHANGGE FUQIAO MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420834506.8U priority Critical patent/CN204344428U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204344428U publication Critical patent/CN204344428U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of thick oil pump, comprise pump barrel assembly and plunger piston assembly, described pump barrel assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper box cupling, upper pump barrel, middle box cupling, lower pump barrel, lower box cupling, standing valve and forms, described plunger piston assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper plug, upper travelling valve, center tube, lower plunger, lower travelling valve and forms, described middle box cupling has fluid infusion hole, plunger piston assembly is sleeved in pump barrel assembly and moves up and down, and forms oil storage annular space chamber between center tube and upper pump barrel.The utility model, to the strong adaptability of recovery of super heavy oil, has feed liquor resistance little, can secondary fluid infusion and hydraulic feedback function, the viscosity of thickened oil entering pump can be brought up to more than 4000 centipoises, effectively extends and turns the extraction oil phase, improve pump efficiency.Meanwhile, also can realize fixed tubular column steam injection operation and automatic draining, significantly reduce cost for oil production.

Description

A kind of thick oil pump
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of oil field mechanical oil recovery oil well pump, particularly a kind of thick oil pump.
Background technique
China's viscous crude aboundresources, Exploitation Potential is huge, at present, the domestic exploitation technology to thick oil well is mainly cyclic steam stimulation, namely in oil reservoir, injects steam, flow string is entered down again after stewing well, coordinate conventional hydraulic feedback formula thick oil pump to exploit, which has can realize fixed tubular column steam injection, the hydraulic feedback power advantage such as plunger can be helped descending, but also there is larger defect: 1) hydraulic feedback formula thick oil pump adopts annular space pumping, and Theoretical flowing capacity is little simultaneously.2) hydraulic feedback formula thick oil pump is without standing valve, and cause pump housing wastage comparatively large, pump efficiency is low.3) bottom little pump plunger inner chamber feed liquor must be passed through, its runner is long and narrow tiny, feed liquor resistance is larger, when viscosity of thickened oil increases to more than 2000 centipoises along with the reduction of reservoir temperature, feed liquor stops, have to carry out next round steam injection operation, it is very short that this makes to turn the extraction oil phase, and cost for oil production remains high.
Model utility content
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides one can adapt to high viscosity thick oil well environment, when viscosity of thickened oil is greater than more than 4000 centipoises, still can complete the thick oil pump of normal pumping function.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of thick oil pump, comprise pump barrel assembly and plunger piston assembly, described pump barrel assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper box cupling, upper pump barrel, middle box cupling, lower pump barrel, lower box cupling, standing valve and forms, described plunger piston assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper plug, upper travelling valve, center tube, lower plunger, lower travelling valve and forms, plunger piston assembly is sleeved in pump barrel assembly and moves up and down, described middle box cupling has fluid infusion hole, between center tube and upper pump barrel, forms oil storage annular space chamber.
Described upper pump barrel is identical with lower pump barrel length, and is connected up and down by middle box cupling.Upper pump barrel can be identical with the diameter of lower pump barrel, also can be different.
Described upper plug and lower plunger all adopt length to be less than the short-plunger of 1.2 meters, and are connected up and down by the center tube that external diameter is less than lower plunger diameter.
Described fluid infusion hole shape is major diameter single hole, intensive minor diameter sieve aperture or slot, and its total area of passage is 2-5 times of pump footpath.
Advantage of the present utility model and good effect are:
1, during work, upper plug bears tubing string high pressure load, and lower plunger completes swabbing operation, and fluid enters pump chamber from standing valve, and feed liquor runner is short, and area of passage is large, greatly reduces feed liquor resistance, improves the viscosity of thickened oil into pump.Meanwhile, standing valve set up the leakage also reducing the pump housing, improve pump efficiency.
2, the upstroke later stage, when plunger stroke exceedes fluid infusion hole site instantly, pump barrel inside is communicated with oil jacket annular space, and standing valve cuts out, and oil jacket annular space inner fluid and oil storage annular space chamber inner fluid enter lower pump chamber, achieve secondary supplement feed liquor.Because fluid infusion hole is not by ball valve dimension constraint, can realize major path oil-feed, what further increase high viscosity viscous crude enters degree of filling in pump efficiency and pump.
Although 3 are designed with standing valve, as long as plunger piston assembly is proposed pump barrel, oil pipe will be communicated with oil jacket annular space, can realize fixed tubular column steam injection operation and automatic draining, reduce duty cycle and expense.Gone into the well oil pipe and sleeve pipe in oil field, oil pipe is in sleeve pipe, and the annular space between them is just oil jacket annular space.
4, when different diameter combination selected by upper pump barrel from lower pump barrel, in down stroke process, the head of liquid difference in oil pipe and in sleeve pipe will produce hydraulic feedback power on plunger piston assembly, pulls rod string descending, to overcome because of thick the produced descending viscous resistance of oil, eliminate polished rod retardation phenomenon.
In sum, the utility model, to the strong adaptability of recovery of super heavy oil, has feed liquor resistance little, can secondary fluid infusion and hydraulic feedback function, the viscosity of thickened oil entering pump can be brought up to more than 4000 centipoises, effectively extends and turns the extraction oil phase, improve pump efficiency.Meanwhile, also can realize fixed tubular column steam injection operation and automatic draining, significantly reduce cost for oil production.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be plunger piston assembly of the present utility model at work extreme lower position time structural representation.
Fig. 2 be plunger piston assembly of the present utility model at work extreme higher position time structural representation.
Embodiment
As Figure 1-Figure 2, a kind of thick oil pump, comprise pump barrel assembly and plunger piston assembly, described pump barrel assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper box cupling 2, upper pump barrel 3, middle box cupling 8, lower pump barrel 10, lower box cupling 14, standing valve 15 and forms, described plunger piston assembly is threaded connection successively from top to bottom by upper plug 4, upper travelling valve 5, center tube 6, lower plunger 11, lower travelling valve 12 and forms, plunger piston assembly is sleeved in pump barrel assembly and moves up and down, described middle box cupling 8 has fluid infusion hole 9, between center tube 6 and upper pump barrel 3, forms oil storage annular space chamber 7.Described upper pump barrel 3 is identical with lower pump barrel 10 length, and is connected by middle box cupling about 8, and upper pump barrel 3 can be identical with the diameter of lower pump barrel 10, also can be different.Described upper plug 4 and lower plunger 11 all adopt length to be less than the short-plunger of 1.2 meters, and are connected by the center tube about 6 that external diameter is less than lower plunger 11 diameter.Described fluid infusion hole 9 shape is the symmetrical single hole of Φ 35 ~ Φ 50 mm major diameter, or the intensive minor diameter sieve aperture of Φ 6 ~ Φ 10 mm, or the slot of 1 ~ 2mm width bar shaped circle distribution, ensures that its total area of passage is 2-5 times of pump footpath.
Its working procedure is: upstroke: Fig. 1 is the initial position of upstroke, sucker rod 1 drives plunger piston assembly to move up, upper travelling valve 5 and lower travelling valve 12 are closed, upper plug 4 bears head of liquid in oil pipe and lifting fluid column, lower plunger 11 produces pumping power, standing valve 15 is opened, and under pump, fluid enters in lower pump chamber 13.Meanwhile, oil storage annular space chamber 7 volume increases, and oil jacket annular space inner fluid is entered in oil storage annular space chamber 7 by fluid infusion hole 9.Lower pump barrel 10 is exceeded when lower plunger 11 is up, when entering in pump barrel 3, lower pump chamber 13 is communicated with oil jacket annular space, oil storage annular space chamber 7, and standing valve 15 cuts out, fluid in oil storage annular space chamber 7 and oil jacket annular space falls into lower pump chamber 13, realizes the secondary fluid infusion to lower pump chamber 13.
Down stroke: Fig. 2 is the initial position of down stroke, when lower plunger 11 is descending reenter in lower pump barrel 10 time, lower pump chamber 13 is isolated with oil jacket annular space and oil storage annular space chamber 7, lower pump chamber 13 volume-diminished, pressure increases, lower travelling valve 12 and upper travelling valve 5 are opened successively, fluid in lower pump chamber 13 enters oil pipe on pump by center tube 6 endoporus, now, oil pipe fluid column high pressure is born in large plunger 4 upper end, lower end is well liquid submergence pressure, it is poor that the two produces a head of liquid, i.e. hydraulic feedback power, promotion plunger piston assembly is descending, to overcome because of thick the produced descending viscous resistance of oil.
During steam injection operation, as long as upper plug 4 is proposed upper pump barrel 3, just can realize oil pipe and be communicated with oil jacket annular space, fixed tubular column steam injection operation and automatic draining can be realized.
In sum, the utility model, to the strong adaptability of recovery of super heavy oil, has feed liquor resistance little, can secondary fluid infusion and hydraulic feedback function, the viscosity of thickened oil entering pump can be brought up to more than 4000 centipoises, effectively extends and turns the extraction oil phase, improve pump efficiency.Meanwhile, also can realize fixed tubular column steam injection operation and automatic draining, significantly reduce cost for oil production.
The top of described standing valve 15, upper travelling valve 5 and lower travelling valve 12 all arranges a limit stoper, is the extreme higher position moved up to limit standing valve 15, upper travelling valve 5 and lower travelling valve 12.
Pumping power: due to the change of drilling fluid flow velocity in well, head of liquid in well is changed, and the pressure reduced is pumping power.
Submergence: submergence enters the degree of depth of below producing fluid level under referring to pump, the i.e. difference of the dark and producing fluid level of pump.
Finally should be noted that: above embodiment is only in order to illustrate that the technical solution of the utility model is not intended to limit; although be described in detail the utility model with reference to preferred embodiment; those of ordinary skill in the field are to be understood that; still can modify to embodiment of the present utility model or portion of techniques feature be replaced on an equal basis; and not departing from the spirit of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the technological scheme scope of the utility model request protection.

Claims (4)

1. a thick oil pump, it is characterized in that: comprise pump barrel assembly and plunger piston assembly, described pump barrel assembly is by upper box cupling (2), upper pump barrel (3), middle box cupling (8), lower pump barrel (10), lower box cupling (14), standing valve (15) is threaded connection successively from top to bottom and forms, described plunger piston assembly is by upper plug (4), upper travelling valve (5), center tube (6), lower plunger (11), lower travelling valve (12) is threaded connection successively from top to bottom and forms, plunger piston assembly is sleeved in pump barrel assembly and moves up and down, described middle box cupling (8) has fluid infusion hole (9), oil storage annular space chamber (7) is formed between center tube (6) and upper pump barrel (3).
2. a kind of thick oil pump according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described upper pump barrel (3) is identical with lower pump barrel (10) length.
3. a kind of thick oil pump according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described upper plug (4) and lower plunger (11) all adopt length to be less than the short-plunger of 1.2 meters, and is connected up and down by the center tube (6) that external diameter is less than lower plunger diameter.
4. a kind of thick oil pump according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fluid infusion hole (9) shape is major diameter single hole, intensive minor diameter sieve aperture or slot, and its total area of passage is 2-5 times of pump footpath.
CN201420834506.8U 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of thick oil pump Withdrawn - After Issue CN204344428U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420834506.8U CN204344428U (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of thick oil pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420834506.8U CN204344428U (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of thick oil pump

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204344428U true CN204344428U (en) 2015-05-20

Family

ID=53227701

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420834506.8U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204344428U (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of thick oil pump

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204344428U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104612944A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-13 长葛市福侨机电有限公司 Viscous oil pump
CN110094191A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of thermal production well fragment-force injection-production column jacket and method
CN110130858A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-16 克拉玛依胜利高原机械有限公司 A kind of bridge-type note takes out wear-and corrosion-resistant drop and joins integrated lifting technology and computer collecting system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104612944A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-13 长葛市福侨机电有限公司 Viscous oil pump
CN110094191A (en) * 2018-01-29 2019-08-06 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of thermal production well fragment-force injection-production column jacket and method
CN110094191B (en) * 2018-01-29 2021-06-29 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Forced segmented injection-production pipe column and method for thermal production well
CN110130858A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-16 克拉玛依胜利高原机械有限公司 A kind of bridge-type note takes out wear-and corrosion-resistant drop and joins integrated lifting technology and computer collecting system
CN110130858B (en) * 2019-06-12 2023-09-22 克拉玛依胜利高原机械有限公司 Bridge type injection-extraction wear-resistant corrosion-resistant ginseng-lowering integrated lifting process and mechanical system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104612944B (en) A kind of thick oil pump
CN204344428U (en) A kind of thick oil pump
CN206071845U (en) A kind of Anti-sway wear-pump oil pump
CN203742575U (en) Dual-seal oil pumping device for steam injection and oil extraction
CN201443367U (en) Oil pumping well power cylinder type hydraulic device
CN204163964U (en) Ring valve type hydraulic feedback oil
CN102562681A (en) Hydraulic jet pump capable of realizing reverse-circulating production and reverse-circulating lifting of pump core
CN202091177U (en) Multifunctional fixing valve of oil pump
CN201507428U (en) Thermal recovery eccentric heavy oil pump
CN203189249U (en) Tubing oil pump capable of achieving tool seat sealing under pump
CN103132934A (en) Pumping conventional well flushing method of fixed tubes, rods and pillars of sand-prevention pumping well
CN202531415U (en) Phi 25-millimeter small displacement solid plunger piston oil-well pump
CN203394716U (en) Energy-saving oil well pump
CN201705632U (en) Rodless hydraulic deep oil well pump
CN206681957U (en) Three plunger mining pumps
CN105526137A (en) Variable-displacement oil well pump
CN207437033U (en) Utilize the working fluid injection device of hydraulic power
CN205000953U (en) Hydraulic pressure oil production device that oil extraction was used
CN202732297U (en) Rodless hydraulic feedback oil pump
CN204511838U (en) A kind of two forced opening-closing mechanical valve hydraulic feedback thick oil pump
CN203925962U (en) The isometrical hydraulic feedback oil of upper lower plunger
CN206158937U (en) Thick pump is taken out to tubular
CN104278977A (en) Heavy oil well dual-injection-pump lifting tubular column
CN203770103U (en) Feedback type steam injection oil pump
CN104747139B (en) Hydraulic drive type oil extraction system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150520

Effective date of abandoning: 20160831

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting