CN204291517U - There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device - Google Patents

There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204291517U
CN204291517U CN201420841325.8U CN201420841325U CN204291517U CN 204291517 U CN204291517 U CN 204291517U CN 201420841325 U CN201420841325 U CN 201420841325U CN 204291517 U CN204291517 U CN 204291517U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
storage battery
controller
control device
inverter
computer monitoring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420841325.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晓玉
宋祖彬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MENGZHOU ZHUOLUN OPTOELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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MENGZHOU ZHUOLUN OPTOELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420841325.8U priority Critical patent/CN204291517U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204291517U publication Critical patent/CN204291517U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device, overcome in prior art, the problem of photovoltaic controller still existing defects.This utility model contains controller, computer monitoring, solar cell, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting system, alternating-current illuminating system, described controller and computer monitoring are by 485 bus serial ports wiring, and controller is connected respectively by binding post with computer monitoring, solar panel, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting load.Described controller contains single-chip microcomputer, memory, I/O equipment and communication module.Described inverter is connected with interchange lighting load.The output signal of described solar panel is current signal.The utility model utilizes solar cell maximum power tracing to make full use of solar cell, and by the Charge Management of storage battery, Power auto-adjustment function during electric discharge, can adequately protect to storage battery, extends the useful life of storage battery.

Description

There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic illumination control apparatus, particularly relates to a kind of discharge power and automatically regulates photovoltaic lighting control device.
Background technology
The energy is the important substance basis of social and economic development, and be also the prerequisite improving people's living standard, human society will develop, and must build on the basis of a large amount of consumption energy.The main energy sources oil that current people use, coal etc. all belong to non-renewable fossil fuel.Fossil fuel provide a commercial energy in the world 91%, and wherein coal accounts for 28%, and oil is more than 40%, but on the earth, the reserves of mineral material are limited, and due to the unconfined exploitation of the mankind, gradually in exhaustion.For solving the energy problem in following century, based on regenerative resource, should propose to want application regenerative resource from the angle of energy resource system, reduce or replace the dependence to energy minerals.
Solar energy is a kind of huge, remote, endless and the energy of environmental pollution, although solar radiation is only 1/2200000000th of its total radiation energy, up to 173,000TW to the energy of earth atmosphere, that is the solar energy of earth acquisition each second is equivalent to the energy that burning 5,000,000 tons of fat coals send, photovoltaic cell successfully uses already on artificial earth satellite, starts now to turn to Ground Application, and scientist thinks one of the direction that it will be the development of human future energy science.
Fail to make full use of solar cell for current photovoltaic controller, to the protection of storage battery not fully, the lost of life phenomenon of storage battery, it is essential for developing a kind of good photovoltaic lighting controller.
Utility model content
The utility model overcomes in prior art, and the problem of photovoltaic controller still existing defects, provides a kind of structure discharge power simple, easy to use automatically to regulate photovoltaic lighting control device.
Technical solution of the present utility model is, a kind of discharge power with following structure is provided automatically to regulate photovoltaic lighting control device: containing controller, computer monitoring, solar cell, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting system, alternating-current illuminating system, described controller and computer monitoring are by 485 bus serial ports wiring, and controller is connected respectively by binding post with computer monitoring, solar panel, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting load.
Described controller contains single-chip microcomputer, memory, I/O equipment and communication module.Described inverter is connected with interchange lighting load.The output signal of described solar panel is current signal.
Compared with prior art; the utility model discharge power regulates photovoltaic lighting control device to have the following advantages automatically: utilize solar cell maximum power tracing to make full use of solar cell; develop more multiple-energy-source reasonable utilization; by the Charge Management of storage battery; Power auto-adjustment function during electric discharge; can adequately protect to storage battery, extend the useful life of storage battery.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the photovoltaic lighting system frame diagram that the utility model discharge power regulates photovoltaic lighting control device automatically;
Fig. 2 is maximum power tracing (MPPT) main circuit diagram that the utility model discharge power regulates the solar cell of photovoltaic lighting control device automatically;
Fig. 3 is the measurement illuminated circuit diagram that the utility model discharge power regulates the solar cell of photovoltaic lighting control device automatically;
Fig. 4 is the total system software flow pattern that the utility model discharge power regulates photovoltaic lighting control device automatically.
Embodiment
Automatically photovoltaic lighting control device is regulated to be described further below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments to the utility model discharge power: as shown in the figure, containing controller, computer monitoring, solar cell, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting system, alternating-current illuminating system in the present embodiment, described controller and computer monitoring are by 485 bus serial ports wiring, and controller is connected respectively by binding post with computer monitoring, solar panel, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting load.
Described controller contains single-chip microcomputer, memory, I/O equipment and communication module.Described inverter is connected with interchange lighting load.The output signal of described solar panel is current signal.
Solar panel output voltage, the detection of electric current.Detect the output voltage that solar panel is different, and according to different voltage, system makes different control treatment.Detect solar panel output electric current measure, make system by certain control algolithm, make system works at maximum power point, and open tracking maximum power point by day, during night, close this function.Lead acid accumulator charge and discharge controls.System is in order to protect storage battery as far as possible, and life-saving, adopts corresponding charge and discharge control strategy according to different capacity.Controller system, realizes control and the scheduling of efficient information processing and each functional module.Computer supervisory control system, by serial ports and controller system real-time, interactive data, supervisory control device system mode.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the photovoltaic lighting system frame diagram of solar cell, and this system is made up of parts such as solar cell, controller, computer monitoring, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting system, alternating-current illuminating systems.Specific works principle: the direct current that solar module produces to be used to DC load by a controller part or delivered to and change into alternating current, and a part is charged to storage battery under the irradiation of sunlight daytime; When sunlight is not enough, storage battery send load to use by DC control system to DC load or through inverter.Controller and computer monitoring are by 485 bus serial ports wiring in addition, thus by serial ports and controller system real-time, interactive data, supervisory control device system mode.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the maximum power tracing main circuit diagram of solar panel, realizes the tracking of maximum power point, controls exactly, the duty ratio of the switching device in regulating circuit with the algorithm of maximum power tracing to DC-DC change-over circuit.The design adopts Buck-Boost circuit realiration MPPT function, and the output of photovoltaic cell group connects the input of One Buck-Boost converter body, and the output of One Buck-Boost converter body is subject to the control of MPPT algorithm, powering load, charge in batteries.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the measurement illuminated circuit diagram of solar cell.When illumination shines on silicon photo diode, it produces weak current, conversion is amplified through I-V two-stage, produce measurable voltage, size is at 0-5V, because the voltage after impinging upon illumination on silicon photo diode and conversion presents approximate linear relationship, so can in advance by regulating lamp illuminance, its illumination at silicon optical sensor is made to be 100Lux, then keep this illumination constant, adjustable resistance R5 is regulated to make the voltage 0.50V of output Out, then keep R5 constant, the illumination of silicon optical sensor is worked as in inspection is successively 200-1000Lx, OUT exports the voltage linear with it at 1V-5V.
Accompanying drawing 4 systems soft ware is divided into lighting controller software and supervising software.Wherein Lighting control mainly comprises: DC-DC controls, maximum power point tracking module, accumulator cell charging and discharging administration module, intelligent dimming module, serial communication module.Control system is according to solar battery array, the operating state of storage battery and load is divided into two kinds of operational modes, charge mode and electric discharge mode of operation, control system according to solar battery array, the operating state automatic switchover operational mode of storage battery and load.
Charge mode: when control system runs on charge mode, single-chip microcomputer has two-way PWM to export, i.e. PWM1, PWM2, is respectively used to control power switch pipe Q1, Q2.Have again following two kinds of situations when system works is in charge mode: 1 solar battery array power output is greater than bearing power, unnecessary electric energy supplies to charge a battery and realizes the MPPT maximum power point tracking of solar battery array; 2 load ports, solar battery array only charges a battery.
Electric discharge mode of operation: when control system runs on electric discharge mode of operation, single-chip microcomputer also has two-way PWM to export, i.e. PWM1 and PWM3, is respectively used to control power switch pipe Q1 and Q3.Following two kinds of possibilities are had again: 1 solar battery array power output is less than bearing power when system works is in discharge mode, unnecessary electric energy is supplemented by storage battery, and utilizes maximum power point tracking technology to realize the MPPT maximum power point tracking of solar battery array to make battery discharging electric current minimum; 2 solar battery array inactivitys export, and are only powered to the load by storage battery.Controller is utilized to have discharge power automatic regulation function, at accumulator load voltage higher than total power electric discharge during 12v; Voltage discharges higher than 50% rated power during 11.5v lower than 12v, when voltage discharges higher than 30% rated power during 10.8v lower than 11.5v, when stopping electric discharge lower than during 10.8v.
Supervising software then with Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system program for core, adopt C language to carry out software programming, in addition computer monitoring program is auxiliary, uses VC++ to write.By serial ports and controller system real-time, interactive data, supervisory control device system mode.

Claims (4)

1. one kind has discharge power and automatically regulates photovoltaic lighting control device, containing controller, computer monitoring, solar cell, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting system, alternating-current illuminating system, it is characterized in that: described controller and computer monitoring are by 485 bus serial ports wiring, and controller is connected respectively by binding post with computer monitoring, solar panel, storage battery, inverter, DC lighting load.
2. according to claim 1 have discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device, it is characterized in that: described controller contains single-chip microcomputer, memory, I/O equipment and communication module.
3. according to claim 1 have discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device, it is characterized in that: described inverter is connected with interchange lighting load.
4. according to claim 1 have discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device, it is characterized in that: the output signal of described solar panel is current signal.
CN201420841325.8U 2014-12-27 2014-12-27 There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device Expired - Fee Related CN204291517U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420841325.8U CN204291517U (en) 2014-12-27 2014-12-27 There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420841325.8U CN204291517U (en) 2014-12-27 2014-12-27 There is discharge power and automatically regulate photovoltaic lighting control device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204291517U true CN204291517U (en) 2015-04-22

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104767469A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-08 孟州卓伦光电科技有限公司 Photovoltaic lighting control system
CN107904910A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-13 成都智慧家信息技术有限公司 Laundry management box based on electronic technology

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104767469A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-07-08 孟州卓伦光电科技有限公司 Photovoltaic lighting control system
CN107904910A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-13 成都智慧家信息技术有限公司 Laundry management box based on electronic technology

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150422

Termination date: 20171227

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee