CN204269212U - A kind of accurate feed proportioning system - Google Patents

A kind of accurate feed proportioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204269212U
CN204269212U CN201420788787.8U CN201420788787U CN204269212U CN 204269212 U CN204269212 U CN 204269212U CN 201420788787 U CN201420788787 U CN 201420788787U CN 204269212 U CN204269212 U CN 204269212U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
weighing
scale hooper
conveying belt
screw feeder
servomotor
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420788787.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李帅
杨坤
孟忠良
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Zaozhuang University
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Zaozhuang University
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Priority to CN201420788787.8U priority Critical patent/CN204269212U/en
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Publication of CN204269212U publication Critical patent/CN204269212U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of accurate feed proportioning system, comprise conveying belt, conveying belt one end is provided with switch board and batch mixer, conveying belt side is provided with material weighing device, material weighing device comprises frame, frame is installed with feed bin from top to bottom, helical screw feeder and scale hooper, feed bin, helical screw feeder and scale hooper are corresponding up and down, helical screw feeder is connected with servomotor, servomotor and frame are fixedly linked, blanking cylinder is installed outside scale hooper, scale hooper is also provided with weighing sensor, weighing sensor, servomotor and blanking cylinder all control to be connected with switch board, conveying belt side is disposed with two or more sets material weighing subsystems along mass transport direction, often organize material weighing subsystem responsible and weigh a kind of material, often organize material weighing subsystem and comprise two-stage or multistage described material weighing device, every stage material meausring apparatus structure is identical, but size diminishes step by step, the LOAD CELLS selected is also different.

Description

A kind of accurate feed proportioning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of accurate feed proportioning system.
Background technology
Batching is exactly in process of production some raw material is mixed according to certain ratio, in field application such as chemical industry, building, pharmacy widely.Existing ingredients technical as shown in Figure 3, for convenience, only be described for the Ingredient Production Line of A, B two kinds of materials, material A is had in A1 feed bin, material B is had in B1 feed bin, as shown in Figure 3, feed bin and discharging opening thereof are fixed in frame meausring apparatus together with the helical screw feeder of below, and the rotation of helical screw feeder is controlled by the servomotor being arranged on its end.Be provided with scale hooper below helical screw feeder, be provided with 2 LOAD CELLS above it, they are all fixed in frame.In switch board, the gravimetric value of A material is first set before batching, start to rotate with helical screw feeder after servomotor starts, now A material can fall in scale hooper by helical screw feeder from A1 feed bin, LOAD CELLS feeds back to switch board the weight of scale hooper together with the weight sum of the A material falling into scale hooper inside, through calculating, the weight that general assembly (TW) deducts scale hooper just obtains the weight of the A material fallen in scale hooper, when actual weight value equals setting weight value, servomotor quits work, and helical screw feeder stops feeding.Then, the blanking cylinder below scale hooper starts action, opens the feed opening of scale hooper, and A material falls on the conveying belt of below, completes the dispensing of A material.The weighing principle of B material is identical with A material, and carries out simultaneously, and A, B two kinds of materials setting weight so are just together sent in batch mixer by conveying belt and stirred, and complete burden process.
There is following shortcoming in above distribution:
(1) along with the development of industrial technology, all trades and professions are had higher requirement to the weighing precision in blending process, if the static weighing precision general control of refractories industry is within 0.5%, the static weighing precision general control of friction material industry is within 0.2%, and the static weighing proportioning accuracy of some bio-pharmaceuticals industry requires to reach within 0.01% especially, and current Ingredient Production Line is due to the impact by its foozle and sensor accuracy, weighing precision is lower, can not meet the requirement of accurate batching.
(2) in blending process, when the actual weight value of material is soon close to setting value, usually add slowly by adding soon to change into, namely the rotation of servomotor is from fast to slow, but the error brought due to equipment and sensor, the situation that actual gravimetric value is bigger than normal than setting value may be there is, now material fall in scale hooper, can not return feed bin, even found this error, but the measure also do not remedied, causes the amount added larger.Research proves, this value bigger than normal is relevant with the size of setting value, relevant with the precision of sensor, also relevant with the size of equipment.That is, under selecting the prerequisite of same accuracy sensor, the setting value of LOAD CELLS is larger, shows that the size of equipment needed thereby is larger, and this amount added caused is also larger, and error is larger.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the high accurate feed proportioning system of a kind of degree of accuracy.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of accurate feed proportioning system, comprise conveying belt, conveying belt one end is provided with switch board and batch mixer, conveying belt side is provided with material weighing device, material weighing device comprises frame, frame is installed with feed bin from top to bottom, helical screw feeder and scale hooper, feed bin, helical screw feeder and scale hooper are corresponding up and down, helical screw feeder is connected with servomotor, servomotor and frame are fixedly linked, blanking cylinder is installed outside scale hooper, scale hooper is also provided with weighing sensor, weighing sensor, servomotor and blanking cylinder all control to be connected with switch board, it is characterized in that, conveying belt side is disposed with two or more sets material weighing subsystems along mass transport direction, often organize material weighing subsystem responsible and weigh a kind of material, often organize material weighing subsystem and comprise two-stage or multistage described material weighing device, every stage material meausring apparatus structure is identical, but size diminishes step by step, the LOAD CELLS selected is also different.
When adopting device described in the utility model to prepare burden, the benefit had has: the setting value of (1) every stage material weighing device reduces step by step, and the size of equipment also reduces step by step, error is also reduced step by step, substantially increases proportioning accuracy.(2) problem that the material added in blending process can not be taken out is solved.(3) even if there is the deviation added in the weighing device of in the end one-level, but due to its setting value very little, therefore deviate is also very little, still can meet the requirement of proportioning accuracy.
The utility model is provided with multistage weighing on the basis of original meausring apparatus, is automatically calculated the setting value of every grade and distributes, solve the problem that reinforced excessive value is bigger than normal, improve proportioning accuracy by fuzzy control technology.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of material weighing device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of material weighing system in existing ingredients technical.
In accompanying drawing:
1, material weighing device; 2, conveying belt; 3, batch mixer; 4, switch board; 5, material weighing subsystem.
101, feed bin; 102, helical screw feeder; 103, weighing sensor; 104, scale hooper; 105, blanking cylinder; 106, servomotor; 107, frame.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further described:
A kind of accurate feed proportioning system, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprise conveying belt 2, conveying belt 2 one end is provided with switch board 4 and batch mixer 3, conveying belt 2 side is provided with material weighing device 1, material weighing device 1 comprises frame 107, frame 107 is installed with feed bin 101 from top to bottom, helical screw feeder 102 and scale hooper 104, feed bin 101, helical screw feeder 102 and scale hooper about 104 corresponding, helical screw feeder 102 is connected with servomotor 106, servomotor 106 and frame 107 are fixedly linked, blanking cylinder 105 is installed outside scale hooper 104, scale hooper 104 is also provided with weighing sensor 103, weighing sensor 103, servomotor 106 and blanking cylinder 105 all control to be connected with switch board 4, conveying belt 2 side is disposed with two or more sets material weighing subsystems 5 along mass transport direction, often organize material weighing subsystem 5 to be responsible for weighing a kind of material, often organize material weighing subsystem 5 and comprise two-stage or multistage described material weighing device 1, every stage material meausring apparatus 1 structure is identical, but size diminishes step by step, the LOAD CELLS 103 selected is also different.
The method using above-mentioned accurate feed proportioning system to carry out preparing burden is, be described for the process that certain group material weighing subsystem 5 pairs of A materials are prepared burden, one-level material metage device 1 is provided with in this group material weighing subsystem 5, secondary material metage device 1 and three stage material weighing devices 1, during setting batching, the gross weight value of required A material is M, the desired value that setting one-level material metage device 1 weighs A material is N, N < M, the screw feeder 102 controlling one-level material metage device 1 is started working, the LOAD CELLS 103 of one-level material metage device 1 is weighed to the A material in the scale hooper 104 of one-level material metage device 1 in real time, when value of weighing equals N, stop blanking, in the scale hooper 104 obtaining one-level material metage device 1, the actual value of A material is P, due to the error that equipment and LOAD CELLS 103 exist, now in scale hooper 104, the actual value P of A material may be less than N, also N may be equaled, also N may be greater than, if P < is N, then continue to add A material, if P > is N, then also needed the gravimetric value Q=M-P of the A material added, the desired value of weighing A material then to the setting of secondary material metage device 1 is Q, the screw feeder 102 of secondary material metage device 1 is started working, the LOAD CELLS 103 of secondary material metage device 1 is weighed to the A material in the scale hooper 104 of secondary material metage device 1 in real time, when value of weighing equals Q, stop blanking, in the scale hooper 104 obtaining secondary material metage device 1, the actual value of A material is R, again due to error that equipment and LOAD CELLS 103 exist, now in scale hooper 104, the actual value R of A material may be less than Q, also Q may be equaled, also Q may be greater than, if R < is Q, then continue to add A material, if R > is Q, then also needed the gravimetric value S=M-P-R of the A material added, setting the desired value weighing A material then to three stage material weighing devices 1 is S, continue to repeat said procedure, finally complete weighing to A material, in like manner, other group material weighing subsystems 5 are used to carry out weigh batching according to above-mentioned batching principle and process to unclassified stores.
In the present embodiment, for the blending process of A, B two kinds of materials, as shown in Figure 1, use first group of material weighing subsystem to prepare burden to A material, use second group of material weighing subsystem to prepare burden to B material.On the one-level material metage device side of A material, configure secondary material metage device and the three stage material weighing devices of A material again, secondary material metage device is identical with one-level material metage device with the structure of three stage material weighing devices, but size is different, and the LOAD CELLS selected is also different.Such as, during setting batching, the gravimetric value of required A material is 100KG, then system can be 99KG to one-level material metage device target setting value automatically, the screw feeder of one-level material metage device is started working, one-level material metage sensor is weighed to the A material in one-level scale hooper in real time, when value of weighing equals 99KG, stop blanking, due to the error that equipment and sensor exist, now in one-level scale hooper, the actual value of A material may be less than 99KG, also may equal 99KG, also may be greater than 99KG.In order to innovative point of the present utility model is described better, all be greater than setting value (if because actual value is less than setting value for actual value, then can again add), suppose that the actual value of A material is 99.1KG, the A material that system accounting calculates 0.9KG in addition needs to continue to add, then system is 0.89KG to secondary material metage device target setting value automatically, the screw feeder of secondary material metage device is started working, secondary LOAD CELLS is weighed to the A material in secondary scale hooper in real time, when value of weighing equals 0.89KG, stop blanking, again due to error that equipment and sensor exist, now in secondary scale hooper, the actual value of A material may be less than 0.89KG, also 0.89KG may be equaled, also 0.89KG may be greater than, still be greater than setting value for actual value and proceed explanation, suppose that the actual value of A material is 0.891KG, then system-computed goes out to also have the A material of 0.009KG to need to continue to add, system can be 0.009KG to three stage material weighing device target setting values automatically, repeat said procedure, finally complete and the process that 100KG weighs is carried out to A material.Because the setting value of three stage material weighing devices is less, equipment size is also less, and the gravimetric value impact final on A material is less, and the precision therefore weighed can be higher.
The batching principle of B material is identical with A material with process, and carries out simultaneously.
This proportion scheme that the utility model proposes, solves problem reinforced excessive in blending process, can reach higher proportioning accuracy.The device relating generally to weigh can improve weighing precision in this way.This production line, except relating to the batching of two kinds of materials, also can relate to the batching of three kinds or more material.In every grade of meausring apparatus, one or more LOAD CELLS can be set, and the model of sensor and precision can be different.
Fuzzy control technology obtains application in the method, the setting value of every one-level meausring apparatus is not identical in weighing process each time, but calculate according to the actual weight value that the corresponding levels record material, to determine the setting value of next stage meausring apparatus, therefore the setting value of every one-level meausring apparatus is dynamic change, automatically distributes.

Claims (1)

1. an accurate feed proportioning system, comprise conveying belt (2), conveying belt (2) one end is provided with switch board (4) and batch mixer (3), conveying belt (2) side is provided with material weighing device (1), material weighing device (1) comprises frame (107), frame (107) is installed with feed bin (101) from top to bottom, helical screw feeder (102) and scale hooper (104), feed bin (101), helical screw feeder (102) and scale hooper (104) corresponding up and down, helical screw feeder (102) is connected with servomotor (106), servomotor (106) and frame (107) are fixedly linked, blanking cylinder (105) is installed outside scale hooper (104), scale hooper (104) is also provided with weighing sensor (103), weighing sensor (103), servomotor (106) all controls to be connected with switch board (4) with blanking cylinder (105), it is characterized in that, conveying belt (2) side is disposed with two or more sets material weighing subsystems (5) along mass transport direction, often organize material weighing subsystem (5) to be responsible for weighing a kind of material, often organize material weighing subsystem (5) and comprise two-stage or multistage described material weighing device (1), every stage material meausring apparatus (1) structure is identical, but size diminishes step by step, the LOAD CELLS (103) selected is also different.
CN201420788787.8U 2014-12-15 2014-12-15 A kind of accurate feed proportioning system Expired - Fee Related CN204269212U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420788787.8U CN204269212U (en) 2014-12-15 2014-12-15 A kind of accurate feed proportioning system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420788787.8U CN204269212U (en) 2014-12-15 2014-12-15 A kind of accurate feed proportioning system

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CN204269212U true CN204269212U (en) 2015-04-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799062A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-27 镇江港和新型建材有限公司 Weighing and batching device for concrete aggregates

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799062A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-27 镇江港和新型建材有限公司 Weighing and batching device for concrete aggregates

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20161215

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee