CN204268848U - A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit - Google Patents

A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204268848U
CN204268848U CN201420617828.7U CN201420617828U CN204268848U CN 204268848 U CN204268848 U CN 204268848U CN 201420617828 U CN201420617828 U CN 201420617828U CN 204268848 U CN204268848 U CN 204268848U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blue charcoal
column type
type drier
dewater unit
star
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201420617828.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王大林
贾翔平
赵云飞
王振福
柳晓东
云拴成
张举
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUGU COUNTY AOWEIJIANENG FOCAL ELECTRICAL CHEMICAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUGU COUNTY AOWEIJIANENG FOCAL ELECTRICAL CHEMICAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUGU COUNTY AOWEIJIANENG FOCAL ELECTRICAL CHEMICAL Co Ltd filed Critical FUGU COUNTY AOWEIJIANENG FOCAL ELECTRICAL CHEMICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420617828.7U priority Critical patent/CN204268848U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204268848U publication Critical patent/CN204268848U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit, comprise blower fan, air inlet bottom the column type drier that the outlet of blower fan is arranged by pipeline vertical connecting, column type drier top is provided with feeding mouth, discharging opening is provided with bottom column type drier, the sidewall of column type drier also offers some air inlets, and the top of column type drier is provided with escape pipe.Because in the utility model, column type drier is vertically arranged, from upper endfeed, discharging blue charcoal material in lower end does not have relative displacement in column type drier, so not friction and collision between blue charcoal particle, also do not clash into main unit for dryer, therefore do not produce powder, avoid the loss producing a large amount of powder and cause in blue charcoal dry run.In the utility model, blue charcoal material can have the longer time of staying in the column type drier vertically arranged, and the time of staying can arbitrarily control, so can the lower hot blast of serviceability temperature, temperature can carry out drying to moisture blue charcoal higher than 150 DEG C.

Description

A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to blue charcoal applied technical field, is specifically related to a kind of blue charcoal dewater unit.
Background technology
Blue carbon is widely used in mineral hot furnace and makees reducing agent.As calcium carbide, ferroalloy, ferrosilicon etc.In use require that it keeps certain granularity, be beneficial to reduce rear generation the effusion of CO gas and do not focus in material; Orchid Jiao simultaneously as reducing agent will have low water content, avoids or reduce moisture content a large amount of electrolysis in mineral hot furnace going out H 2and O 2.(moisture content decomposes and belongs to side reaction in mineral hot furnace, has both rolled up power consumption, has again a large amount of O 2gas generates the gas easily making reduction produce and reaches explosion limit.For calcium carbide production: the primary raw material of calcium carbide is CaO and blue charcoal, in furnace of calcium carbide, there is following main reduction reaction: CaO+C → CaC 2+ CO, as the bed of material does not have certain gas permeability, a large amount of CO can be made to focus in material, after reaching certain pressure, CO gas can violently spray, the disposable effusion of a large amount of focused gas is opened in bed of material spray, forms blast, (namely this be commonly called as " field boundary material "), this is accident very dangerous in production run, therefore, the particle requirement of charging is very strict, must not bring dusty raw materials into.
Because blue charcoal is cellular high-ratio surface material, so easily absorb water.Blue charcoal moisture 10-20% in its natural state, the moisture content entering the blue charcoal of stove must be less than 1%, and the electrolysis side reaction of moisture content in blue charcoal stove is: H 2o → H 2+ O 2, this side reaction power consumption is huge, adds the unit power consumption of calcium carbide, the O simultaneously generated 2together with being blended in the CO that main reaction generates.When oxygen reaches certain concentration, the explosion limit of CO can be reached.So strictly control the O of electric furnace gas in calcium carbide is produced 2content is less than 1%.
In sum, control into the content of powder in the blue charcoal of stove, reduce the moisture content in blue charcoal, the production tool for industrial mineral hot furnace is of great significance.
Consisting of of blue charcoal: Gu Ding Tan≤85%, moisture content≤18%, fugitive constituent is less than 10%.What existing blue charcoal stoving process adopted is that rotary kiln dries form.Rotary kiln is made up of combustion chamber, rotary kiln body, discharge chamber etc.Wherein, combustion chamber is generally fluidized bed furnace or gas burner, and fuel is coal gas or coal dust.High-temperature flue gas (about 700 DEG C) after the Thorough combustion of combustion chamber enters rotary kiln, with the blue charcoal material entering rotary kiln row mutually in the same way, from the discharging of kiln tail.Rotary kiln body length is generally 20 ~ 25 meters.
After material enters kiln body, along with the rotation of kiln body, move up and down with parabolical track on the one hand, on the other hand along with moving to kiln tail at the inclination angle of kiln.Create a large amount of Ramsbottom carbon powder material in mutual shock between material and between material and kiln body, friction process, this part Ramsbottom carbon powder material has become waste material, can only work as fuel and use.Dried blue charcoal material goes out from kiln wake flow.There is shortcoming in rotary kiln technology: blue charcoal particle powderization is severe, wastes raw material; High-temperature gas (>700 DEG C) can only be used dry.Material is too short at revolution kiln residence time; Poor operability.Production capacity is little, and one-time investment is too large.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the problems of the prior art, and provide a kind of blue charcoal dewater unit, it can reduce the generation of powder in blue charcoal dry run, workable.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit, comprise blower fan, air inlet bottom the column type drier that the outlet of blower fan is arranged by pipeline vertical connecting, column type drier top is provided with feeding mouth, discharging opening is provided with bottom column type drier, the sidewall of column type drier also offers some air inlets, and the top of column type drier is provided with escape pipe.
Described column type drier comprises cavity, and cavity bottom arranges the blast pipe that is stretched into column type drier inside, and blast pipe parallels at vertical direction with cavity inner wall; The sidewall of cavity offers some air inlets.
On described blast pipe, interval arranges and somely encloses second baffle for barrier air around blast pipe one.
The angle of described second plate washer and vertical direction is 30-60 DEG C.
The cavity inner wall at air inlet place is arranged a circle and vertical direction is 30-75 DEG C, and the first baffle plate that can be up and down.
Described first baffle plate and second baffle in the vertical direction are crisscross arranged.
Describedly also comprise for detecting and controlling the DCS control system of gas flow; The end of escape pipe is provided with gas collection umbrella; The top of air inlet pipe is provided with top cover; Some air inlets are symmetrical arranged in 180 ° on the sidewall of column type drier.
Described feeding mouth is provided with star-like charger, and feeding mouth is connected with moisture blue charcoal warehouse by star-like charger; Discharge outlet is provided with star-like discharging machine, and discharging opening is connected by the blue charcoal warehouse of star-like discharging machine and drying.
Belt feeder is provided with between described star-like discharging machine and the blue charcoal warehouse of drying.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that has of the utility model:
1. in the utility model, blue charcoal material can have the longer time of staying in the column type drier vertically arranged, and the time of staying can arbitrarily control, so can the lower hot blast of serviceability temperature, temperature can carry out drying to moisture blue charcoal higher than 150 DEG C; The minimum temperature overcoming existing rotary kiln drying must not lower than the problem of 700 DEG C.Column type drier in the utility model can use the industrial exhaust heat of various temperature more than 150 DEG C, as: boiler exhaust gas or hot-blast stove tail gas carry out drying to blue charcoal, and the tail gas both made full use of has been saved cost, additionally reduced environmental pollution.
2. because column type drier in the utility model is vertically arranged, from upper endfeed, discharging blue charcoal material in lower end does not have relative displacement in column type drier, so not friction and collision between blue charcoal particle, also do not clash into main unit for dryer, therefore do not produce powder, avoid the loss producing a large amount of powder and cause in blue charcoal dry run.
3. in the utility model, moisture blue charcoal enters from column type drier top, and gas enters bottom column type drier, makes heated medium and heat source gas counter current contacting, to blue charcoal dehydration thoroughly, therefore the thermal efficiency is high, and the controllability of operation is strong, can adapt to the material of various water content.
4. the utility model device is simple, and cost of investment is little.
5. the utility model is by automation control system of attaching troops to a unit (as DCS) system, realizes automatic operating.
Further, can stop other entering column type drier by arranging the first baffle plate, make air-flow mild enter drier inside, not only ensure that the traffic direction of blue charcoal but also take full advantage of the heat of tail gas, and the blue charcoal be deposited on the first baffle plate, comes off from the first baffle plate under the impact of the first baffle plate at air-flow.
Further, both can stop air-flow by arranging second baffle, and extending air-flow time of staying in drier, blue charcoal is fully contacted with gas.
Further, the utility model detects by arranging and controls the DCS control system of gas flow, makes it possible to Automated condtrol, arbitrarily can control the speed passing in and out material, extend or shorten the time of staying of material in column type drier, further increasing drying efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of column type drier.
Wherein, 1 is blower fan, and 2 is charger, and 3 is cylindrical dryer, and 4 is discharging machine, and 5 is dried tail gas dust arrester, and 6 is belt feeder, and 7 is chimney, and 8 is moisture blue charcoal warehouse, and 9 is dry blue charcoal warehouse, and 10 is the first baffle plate, and 11 is second baffle, and 12 is top cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
See Fig. 1, a kind of blue charcoal dewater unit, comprises blower fan 1, and the outlet of described blower fan 1 is by the air inlet of the some air inlets on pipeline connecting cylinder formula drier 3 sidewall and bottom, the top of column type drier 3 is provided with a feeding mouth, and feeding mouth place is provided with star-like charger 2; The upper end of column type drier 2 arranges moisture blue charcoal warehouse 8, moisture blue charcoal warehouse 8 is connected with the upper end feeding mouth of column type drier 3 by charger 2, the lower end outlet of column type drier 3 is connected with the entrance of discharging machine 4, and the outlet of discharging machine 4 is connected through the blue charcoal warehouse 9 of belt feeder 6 and drying.The top of column type drier 3 is also connected with for carrying out 5 of dedusting to dried tail gas, and the outlet of sack cleaner 5 is connected with the chimney 7 for discharging dried tail gas.
See Fig. 2, the structure of the column type drier 3 in the utility model is specially: column type drier comprises cavity, the bottom of cavity arranges the blast pipe that is stretched into inside cavity, blast pipe parallels at vertical direction with cavity inner wall, on blast pipe, interval arranges some second baffles 11 enclosed around blast pipe one, second baffle 11 is 30-60 DEG C with the angle of vertical direction, the top of blast pipe arranges the top cover 12 for preventing blue charcoal solid from entering, the top of column type drier is provided with discharge pipe, the end of discharge pipe is provided with gas collection umbrella, the gas be convenient in column type drier is discharged.
The sidewall of column type drier 3 cavity is provided with some air inlets for regulating temperature in column type drier, and the same level of drier circumference is oppositely arranged two air inlets, namely air inlet horizontal direction on the sidewall of column type drier 3 is 180 ° and is symmetrical arranged; In the vertical direction, every side of column type drier 3 arranges 3 air inlets.The inwall of each air inlet place cavity on sidewall is arranged with vertical direction is that first baffle plate 10, first baffle plate 10 of 30-75 DEG C can carry out up and down with the size of gas inlet place air-flow.First baffle plate 10 and second baffle 11 in the vertical direction interval are arranged.
Described charger is star-like charger, and discharging machine is star-like discharging machine.Star-like charger, star-like discharging machine can ensure, while charging or discharging, to seal the gas in column type drier, ensure normal dry run.Escape pipe is connected with dried tail gas dust arrester 5, and drying tail gas dust cleaning apparatus 5 carries out the gas after dedusting, discharges through chimney 7.Wherein, dried tail gas dust arrester 5 is sack cleaner.Some air inlets on cavity wall are arranged on the sidewall of cavity the latter half.
The blue charcoal dehydration of said apparatus is: the exhaust temperature come from industrial hot-air stove (tail gas of discharging after heating stove fillings) or boiler is 200-300 DEG C, after being forced into 15KPa, blower fan 1 is passed through bottom column type drier with pipeline, middle part enters and is delivered in column type drier, the blue charcoal that water content in moisture blue charcoal warehouse is about 10-20% inputs in column type drier from the top of column type drier by star-like charger, the hot-blast stove tail gas counter current contacting of coming in bottom, by the moisture in the blue charcoal of moisture content in-line analyzer Real-Time Monitoring, blue charcoal after qualified for dehydration is discharged by star-like discharging machine bottom column type drier.The discharging speed of star-like charger, the rotating speed of star-like discharging machine is controlled by DCS control system, the decrease speed of blue charcoal material in controlled rounding column type drier, in column type drier blue carbon material equably, geo-stationary ground descending at slow speed, the relative displacements such as friction, collision are not produced between blue charcoal particle, therefore, in dry run, produce hardly or seldom produce powder.
The decrease speed of material determines with the moisture content of discharging height.Enter the amount of hot-blast stove tail gas, determine with empty tower gas velocity, control empty tower gas velocity 1-2 rice/s.
Compared with horizontal revolving kiln dried forms in the past, the utility model has following features:
The blue charcoal material of the utility model can have the longer time of staying in column type drier, can arbitrarily control; So can the lower hot blast of serviceability temperature, temperature be higher than 150 DEG C; And the minimum temperature of existing rotary kiln drying must not lower than 700 DEG C.Therefore, this column type drier can use the industrial exhaust heat of various temperature more than 150 DEG C, as: boiler exhaust gas or hot-blast stove tail gas.
Blue charcoal material does not have relative displacement in column type drier, so not friction and collision between particle, does not also clash into main unit for dryer; Therefore do not produce powder.In addition, arbitrarily can control the speed passing in and out material, extend or shorten the time of staying of material in column type drier, so adapt to the material of various water content; Heated medium and heat source gas counter current contacting simultaneously, therefore the thermal efficiency is high, and the controllability of operation is strong.Dewater unit structure of the present utility model is simple, and cost is low.By automation control system of attaching troops to a unit (as DCS) system, automatic operating can be realized.

Claims (9)

1. a blue charcoal dewater unit, it is characterized in that, comprise blower fan (1), the air inlet of column type drier (3) bottom that the outlet of blower fan (1) is arranged by pipeline vertical connecting, column type drier (3) top is provided with feeding mouth, column type drier (3) bottom is provided with discharging opening, the sidewall of column type drier (3) also offers some air inlets, and the top of column type drier (3) is provided with escape pipe.
2. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described column type drier (3) comprises cavity, and cavity (1) bottom arranges the blast pipe that is stretched into column type drier inside, and blast pipe parallels at vertical direction with cavity inner wall; The sidewall of cavity offers some air inlets.
3. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 2, is characterized in that, on described blast pipe, interval arranges and somely encloses second baffle (11) for barrier air around blast pipe one.
4. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described second baffle (11) is 30-60 DEG C with the angle of vertical direction.
5. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the cavity inner wall at air inlet place is arranged a circle and vertical direction is 30-75 DEG C, and the first baffle plate (10) that can be up and down.
6. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described first baffle plate (10) and second baffle (11) in the vertical direction are crisscross arranged.
7. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises for detecting and controlling the DCS control system of gas flow; The end of escape pipe is provided with gas collection umbrella; The top of air inlet pipe is provided with top cover (12); Some air inlets are symmetrical arranged in 180 ° on the sidewall of column type drier (3).
8. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described feeding mouth is provided with star-like charger (2), and feeding mouth is connected with moisture blue charcoal warehouse (8) by star-like charger (2); Discharge outlet is provided with star-like discharging machine (4), and discharging opening is connected by blue charcoal warehouse (9) of star-like discharging machine (4) and drying.
9. the blue charcoal dewater unit of one according to claim 8, is characterized in that, is provided with belt feeder (6) between described star-like discharging machine (4) and blue charcoal warehouse (9) of drying.
CN201420617828.7U 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit Active CN204268848U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420617828.7U CN204268848U (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420617828.7U CN204268848U (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204268848U true CN204268848U (en) 2015-04-15

Family

ID=52803710

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420617828.7U Active CN204268848U (en) 2014-10-23 2014-10-23 A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204268848U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104315823A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-28 府谷县奥维加能焦电化工有限公司 Semi coke dewatering device and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104315823A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-28 府谷县奥维加能焦电化工有限公司 Semi coke dewatering device and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106382790A (en) Brown coal drying method and device utilizing waste heat of smoke and steam of power plant
CN103398556A (en) Material drying processing system
CN201397018Y (en) Internally heated contact-type cylinder dryer
CN203454642U (en) Heating drying device of material drying processing system
CN104748508A (en) Coal slurry drying system
CN207845466U (en) A kind of energy-saving sludge processing unit
CN204421572U (en) A kind of rotary drying machine
CN201569263U (en) Non-pollution airflow circulation drier
CN204268848U (en) A kind of blue charcoal dewater unit
CN104315823A (en) Semi coke dewatering device and method
CN103288328B (en) Method and equipment for drying and incinerating PTA (purified terephthalic acid) activated sludge
CN206310878U (en) A kind of biomass fuel drying unit
CN104962300B (en) Coal microwave destructive distillation equipment and its coal microwave destructive distillation processing method
CN104567299A (en) Rotary drying device
CN104294036B (en) Iron ore pellet roasting device
CN204555552U (en) A kind of coal slime drying system
CN203413930U (en) Activated clay drying system
CN202547358U (en) Tail gas utilization system for lime rotary kiln
CN202675799U (en) Semi-closed self-inert type vibration fluidized drying system
CN205919635U (en) Directly add heat drying machine
CN202470679U (en) Surface moisture treatment device for sandstones
CN202393187U (en) Desulfurized gypsum energy-saving dryer
CN204388087U (en) Antibiotic bacterium slag energy treatment facility system
CN104748573A (en) Method for taking wind and heat from rotary kiln and rotary kiln system capable of taking wind and heat
CN205245189U (en) Sludge incineration system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant