CN204237642U - A kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique - Google Patents

A kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique Download PDF

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CN204237642U
CN204237642U CN201420655364.9U CN201420655364U CN204237642U CN 204237642 U CN204237642 U CN 204237642U CN 201420655364 U CN201420655364 U CN 201420655364U CN 204237642 U CN204237642 U CN 204237642U
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chemical industry
coal chemical
special purpose
purification process
purpose device
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兰建伟
潘文刚
江晶
苏志峰
夏俊方
张水水
赵剑锋
徐文军
陆魁
肖龙博
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SHANGHAI JINGYU ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
SHENZHEN ENERGY RESOURCE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.
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SHANGHAI JINGYU ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
SHENZHEN ENERGY RESOURCE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, haline water Coal Chemical Industry produced is retained by material film, strengthen removal of impurities, the process of deep impurity-removing, degassed, oxidising process, water outlet meets evaporative crystallization technique needs, reduce evaporative crystallization technique energy consumption, reduce evaporation and crystal process scale formation, avoid evaporative process to bring secondary pollution, improve the purity of crystal salt, be beneficial to resource recycling.

Description

A kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique
Technical field
The utility model belongs to coal chemical industrial waste water processing technology field, specifically just relates to a kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique.
Background technology
Modern Coal-based Chemical industry take coal as raw material, makes coal be converted into gas, liquid and solid phase prod, and be processed into the infant industry of a series of Chemicals further through chemical process.It mainly comprises coal gasification, liquidation of coal, tar is chemical, carbide acetylene is chemical; in recent years; Developing Coal Chemical Industry is rapid; but; because Chemical Industry needs to consume a large amount of water; the water resources recycling thereupon brought becomes increasingly conspicuous with environmental protection problem, and the area being especially in many droughts short of rain is comparatively outstanding.Therefore, the environmental issue of Coal Chemical Industry urgently needs to solve.
Solve the environmental issue of Coal Chemical Industry, first will solve the process of Coal Chemical Industry haline water and emission problem.Salinity in Coal Chemical Industry haline water mainly comes from the various medicaments that add in the strong brine and recycling process that recirculated water evaporation concentration, de-mineralized water preparation process and Industrial Wastewater Treatment produce.Coal Chemical Industry haline water totally presents that quantity discharged is large, change of water quality is little, saltiness is stable and general higher, and especially chloride ion content is higher, and its composition form mainly exists for master with organism and inorganic salts form, wherein, and NH 4 +-N content is lower, and COD generally can reach 50000 ~ 80000mg/L at 200 ~ 800mg/L, TDS, water body sensory trait is good, limpidly to reveal the exact details, without obvious peculiar smell, but colourity is higher, calcium magnesium silicon equal size is high, and the ion containing the easy fouling such as sulfate radical, phosphate radical, carbonate.
At present, haline water treatment process adopts the combination process three major types of spontaneous evaporation, thermal evaporation techniques and two kinds of technology usually, but Coal Chemical Industry haline water Pollutant levels are high, complicated component, except containing a large amount of salt exceptionally, also containing PO 4 3-, CO 3 2-, SS, COD, fluorine, total metal ion and a small amount of heavy metal such as silicon, calcium magnesium, if directly sent to evaporation and crystallization system, very large impact can be caused: (1) energy loss is large: because the concentration that can reclaim product in waste liquid is low to evaporative crystallization process, cause the energy consumption needed for moisture evaporation comparatively large, high cost; (2) equipment corrosion is strong: the corrodibility of Chloride Solution to equipment of high density is extremely strong, needs to carry out special processing to material, further increases cost recovery; (3) scale problems is serious: reclaim in the process of sodium-chlor in evaporation, the very easily fouling of evaporator room and heating tube, and this will reduce the heat transfer coefficient of heating tube, increases the consumption of the energy; (4) secondary pollution is brought: reclaim in evaporation the waste gas produced in product process and enter in water of condensation, cause the secondary pollution of water of condensation.Therefore, need to carry out pre-treatment to haline water, remove the impurity etc. that it is relevant.
In the evaporative crystallization treatment process of existing haline water, usually adopt coagulation sedimentation as pretreatment process.It is low that it has cost, performance is good, high-level efficiency, attended operation is easy, high treating effect, turbidity and the colourity of waste water can be reduced to a certain extent, remove multiple macromolecule organic, or even the dissolved organic matter of difficult degradation, and some heavy metal ion and radioactive substances etc., and the dewatering of mud can be improved, but this traditional coagulant sedimentation also comes with some shortcomings, first be by water quality, temperature, flocculation agent patterns affect is larger, equipment runs complicated, working cost is high, the too much medicament dropped into also will pollute water body, next is that water quality is ever-changing, and best dosage is different, must be determined by test, 3rd is that floor space is large, and the excess sludge of discharging need through thickening process.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that the energy consumption existed in the preprocessing process for above-mentioned existing Coal Chemical Industry haline water evaporative crystallization is high, treatment effect is not good, the technical problem that maintenance cost is high, provide a kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, haline water Coal Chemical Industry produced is retained by material film, strengthening removal of impurities, deep impurity-removing, degassed, the process of oxidising process, meet evaporative crystallization technique needs, reduce evaporative crystallization technique energy consumption, reduce evaporation and crystal process scale formation, evaporative process is avoided to bring secondary pollution, improve the purity of crystal salt, be beneficial to resource recycling.
Technical scheme
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, a kind of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, it is characterized in that, it comprises following step:
(1) carried out retaining separation by Coal Chemical Industry haline water, the larger molecular organics removed wherein obtains retaining concentrated solution and leaching product water;
(2) leaching of step (1) being obtained is produced water and is carried out even water quality and quantity process and obtain intermediate pool water outlet;
(3) strengthening removal of impurities process is carried out in the intermediate pool water outlet that step (2) obtains, remove PO wherein 4 3-, CO 3 2-, SS, COD, fluorine, total silicon, calcium magnesium barium strontium metal ion, obtain removal of impurities water outlet;
(4) deep impurity-removing process is carried out in the removal of impurities water outlet that step (3) obtains, remove the metal ions such as SS, colloid, organism, heavy metal and the calcium magnesium barium strontium in water, obtain the deep impurity-removing water outlet that clearance is greater than 98%;
(5) degassed process is carried out in the deep impurity-removing water outlet that step (4) obtains, remove CO 2deng sour gas, obtain degassed water outlet;
(6) adsorption and oxidation process is carried out in the degassed water outlet that step (5) obtains, the organism in oxidizing water, obtain being oxidized water outlet.
Further, described step (1) carries out retaining the operating pressure of separation is 6-30bar.
Further, in described step (5) degassed treating processes, first regulate waste water to pH < 4.5, the volatility weak acid root in waste water will exist in a gaseous form, then enter degas system and carry out degassed process.
For the special purpose device of above-mentioned Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, it is characterized in that: it comprises material film unit, intermediate pool, strengthening impurity removing equipment, deep impurity-removing equipment, degassing equipment, oxidation furnaces; Auxiliary facility comprises former pond, the first intake pump, accurate filter, high-pressure pump, material membrane module, the second intake pump, stirrer, resin, spray thrower, packing layer, activated carbon filter layer, product water tank, sludge treating system, oxidization processing system.
Described former pond is connected with material film unit, connecting pipeline is equipped with the first intake pump, and the permeate outlet of material film unit is connected to intermediate pool, and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system; Intermediate pool water side is connected with strengthening impurity removing equipment, connecting pipeline is equipped with the second intake pump; Strengthening impurity removing equipment clear liquid output terminal and deep impurity-removing equipment connection, mud output terminal is connected with sludge treating system, sludge treating system filtrate output terminal connects back intermediate pool, and deep impurity-removing equipment clear liquid output terminal connects degassing equipment, and regenerated liquid connects back intermediate pool; Degassing equipment water side connects oxidation furnaces, and gas output end connects gas collector; Oxidation furnaces water side connects produces pond.
Further, described material film unit comprises accurate filter, the input terminus of accurate filter connects former pond, output terminal connects material membrane module, accurate filter and material membrane module connecting pipeline are equipped with high-pressure pump, the permeate outlet of material membrane module is connected to intermediate pool, and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system.
Further, described material film unit is provided with recycle pump, flow sensor.
Further, described strengthening impurity removing equipment is provided with reaction stirrer, dosing pump.
Further, described deep impurity-removing equipment is equipped with soften resin, softening agent, flow take into account acid-alkali regeneration unit.
Further, described degassing equipment is equipped with spray thrower, filler, and wherein, spray thrower and filler are individually fixed in top and the middle part of degassing equipment.
Further, described oxidation system is furnished with active carbon filtration layer, reaction stirrer, dosing pump.
Beneficial effect
A kind of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique special purpose device of the utility model confession, haline water Coal Chemical Industry produced is retained by material film, strengthen removal of impurities, the process of deep impurity-removing, degassed, oxidising process, meet evaporative crystallization technique needs, reduce evaporative crystallization technique energy consumption, reduce evaporation and crystal process scale formation, avoid evaporative process to bring secondary pollution, improve the purity of crystal salt, be beneficial to resource recycling.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is process flow sheet of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the utility model special purpose device connection diagrams.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is elaborated.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 2, a kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, is characterized in that: it comprises material film unit 1, intermediate pool 2, strengthening impurity removing equipment 3, deep impurity-removing equipment 4, degassing equipment 5, oxidation furnaces 6; Auxiliary facility comprises former pond 7, first intake pump 8, accurate filter 9, high-pressure pump 10, material membrane module 11, second intake pump 12, stirrer 13, resin 14, spray thrower 15, packing layer 16, activated carbon filter layer 17, produces water tank 18, sludge treating system 19, oxidization processing system 20.
Described former pond 7 is connected with material film unit 1, connecting pipeline is equipped with the first intake pump 8, and the permeate outlet of material film unit 1 is connected to intermediate pool 2, and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system 20; Intermediate pool 2 water side is connected with strengthening impurity removing equipment 3, connecting pipeline is equipped with the second intake pump 12; Strengthening impurity removing equipment 3 clear liquid output terminal is connected with deep impurity-removing equipment 4, and mud output terminal is connected with sludge treating system 19, and sludge treating system 19 filtrate output terminal connects back intermediate pool 2; Deep impurity-removing equipment 4 clear liquid output terminal connects degassing equipment 5, and regenerated liquid connects back intermediate pool 2; Degassing equipment 5 water side connects oxidation furnaces 6, and gas output end connects gas collector; Oxidation furnaces 6 water side connects produces pond 18.
Described material film unit 1 comprises accurate filter 9, the input terminus of accurate filter 9 connects former pond 7, output terminal connects material membrane module 11, accurate filter 9 and material membrane module 11 connecting pipeline are equipped with high-pressure pump 10, the permeate outlet of material membrane module 11 is connected to intermediate pool 2, and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system 20.
Described material film unit 1 is provided with recycle pump, flow sensor.
Described strengthening impurity removing equipment 3 is provided with reaction stirrer 13, dosing pump.
Described deep impurity-removing equipment 4 is equipped with soften resin 14, softening agent, flow take into account acid-alkali regeneration unit.
Described degassing equipment 5 is equipped with spray thrower 15, filler 16, and wherein, spray thrower 15 and filler 16 are individually fixed in top and the middle part of degassing equipment.
Described oxidation system 6 is furnished with active carbon filtration layer 17, reaction stirrer 13, dosing pump.
As shown in Figure 1, utilize said apparatus to carry out Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technological process to be:
The first step: Coal Chemical Industry haline water is pumped into material film unit 1, utilize material film to retain larger molecular organics, substantially do not retain the characteristic of salinity, under the pressure condition of 6 ~ 30bar, retain separation to organism, the concentrated solution of generation processes through oxidization processing system 20.
Second step: above-mentioned thing material film unit 1 is produced water and regenerative wastewater, degassed waste liquid carry out Homogeneous phase mixing in intermediate pool 2, can be the water source that subsequent processes provides continous-stable.
3rd step: the water outlet of above-mentioned intermediate pool 2 is pumped into strengthening impurity removed system 3, by adding chemical agent, removes the SO in waste water 4 2-, CO 3 2-, SS, COD, fluorine, total metal ion such as silicon, calcium magnesium barium strontium, impurity forms mud and enters sludge treating system 19, and transport outward after processed, filtrate returns intermediate pool 2 circular treatment.
4th step: by above-mentioned strengthening impurity removed system 3 water outlet penetration depth impurity removed system 4, utilize the absorption property of ion exchange resin, the metal ions such as residue SS, colloid, organism, heavy metal and calcium magnesium barium strontium in absorption waste water, clearance is greater than 98%, regenerated liquid is back to intermediate pool 2 circular treatment, and this process can alleviate subsequent disposal load.
5th step: the water outlet of above-mentioned deep impurity-removing system 4 is entered degas system 5, first regulates waste water to pH < 4.5, the CO in waste water 3 2-substantially will exist in a gaseous form Deng volatility weak acid root, then enter degas system 5, in this system, waste water is through spraying, and flow through the filler that surface-area is large, air enters from bottom, reverse through packing layer, the CO in water 2deng promptly separating out, overflow from top, the water after degassed returns intermediate pool 2 circular treatment.
6th step: the water outlet of above-mentioned degas system 5 is entered oxidation furnaces 6, first through activated carbon adsorption layer, by residual organic substances absorption in water, then by adding oxygenant, the organism in exhaustive oxidation water.
The utility model adopts material film to retain, strengthens removal of impurities, deep impurity-removing, method that is degassed, oxidation process Coal Chemical Industry haline water, the dense water of generation through oxidization processing system process, final outflow water SS, colloid, COD, PO 4 3-, CO 3 2-, heavy metal, calcium magnesium, silicon, the pollutent such as colourity content extremely low, even some pollutent is removed completely, evaporative crystallization technique needs can be met, reduce evaporative crystallization technique energy consumption, reduce evaporation and crystal process scale formation, avoid evaporative process to bring secondary pollution, improve the purity of crystal salt, be beneficial to resource recycling, economic benefit and environmental benefit considerable.

Claims (7)

1. the special purpose device of a Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique, it is characterized in that: it comprises material film unit (1), intermediate pool (2), strengthening impurity removing equipment (3), deep impurity-removing equipment (4), degassing equipment (5), oxidation furnaces (6), former pond (7), first intake pump (8), accurate filter (9), high-pressure pump (10), material membrane module (11), second intake pump (12), stirrer (13), soften resin (14), spray thrower (15), packing layer (16), activated carbon filter layer (17), produce water tank (18), sludge treating system (19), oxidization processing system (20),
Described former pond (7) is connected with material film unit (1), the first intake pump (8) connecting pipeline is equipped with, the permeate outlet of material film unit (1) is connected to intermediate pool (2), and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system (20); Intermediate pool (2) water side is connected with strengthening impurity removing equipment (3), the second intake pump (12) connecting pipeline is equipped with, strengthening impurity removing equipment (3) clear liquid output terminal is connected with deep impurity-removing equipment (4), mud output terminal is connected with sludge treating system (19), and sludge treating system (19) filtrate output terminal connects back intermediate pool (2); Deep impurity-removing equipment (4) clear liquid output terminal connects degassing equipment (5), regenerated liquid connects back intermediate pool (2), degassing equipment (5) water side connects oxidation furnaces (6), gas output end connects gas collector, and oxidation furnaces (6) water side connects produces pond (18).
2. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described material film unit (1) comprises accurate filter (9), the input terminus of accurate filter (9) connects former pond (7), output terminal connects material membrane module (11), accurate filter (9) and material membrane module (11) connecting pipeline are equipped with high-pressure pump (10), the permeate outlet of material membrane module (11) is connected to intermediate pool (2), and concentrated solution outlet is connected to oxidization processing system (20).
3. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described material film unit (1) is provided with recycle pump, flow sensor.
4. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described strengthening impurity removing equipment (3) is provided with reaction stirrer (13), dosing pump.
5. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described deep impurity-removing equipment (4) is equipped with soften resin (14), softening agent, flow take into account acid-alkali regeneration unit.
6. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described degassing equipment (5) is equipped with spray thrower (15), filler (16), wherein, spray thrower (15) and filler (16) are individually fixed in top and the middle part of degassing equipment.
7. the special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described oxidation system (6) is furnished with active carbon filtration layer (17), reaction stirrer (13), dosing pump.
CN201420655364.9U 2014-11-04 2014-11-04 A kind of special purpose device of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique Active CN204237642U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355445A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-02-18 深圳能源资源综合开发有限公司 Process and special device for purifying high-salt water in coal chemical industry
CN105084651A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-25 山西诺凯化工技术有限公司 Purification treatment and pure-salt recovery process for strong-salt wastewater in coal chemical industry

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355445A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-02-18 深圳能源资源综合开发有限公司 Process and special device for purifying high-salt water in coal chemical industry
CN104355445B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-04-20 深圳能源资源综合开发有限公司 A kind of Coal Chemical Industry haline water purification process technique and special purpose device
CN105084651A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-25 山西诺凯化工技术有限公司 Purification treatment and pure-salt recovery process for strong-salt wastewater in coal chemical industry

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Address after: Peak building, Shangbu road Futian District Shenzhen city of Guangdong Province Jin 518031 office building 20 floor H

Co-patentee after: SHANGHAI JINGYU ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

Patentee after: SHENZHEN ENERGY RESOURCE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Address before: Peak building, Shangbu road Futian District Shenzhen city of Guangdong Province Jin 518031 office building 20 floor H

Co-patentee before: Shanghai Jingyu Environment Engineering Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: SHENZHEN ENERGY RESOURCE COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.