CN204201944U - A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204201944U
CN204201944U CN201420619040.XU CN201420619040U CN204201944U CN 204201944 U CN204201944 U CN 204201944U CN 201420619040 U CN201420619040 U CN 201420619040U CN 204201944 U CN204201944 U CN 204201944U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
passage
flue gas
water jacket
energy
flame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420619040.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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杨发
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杨发
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Priority to CN201420619040.XU priority Critical patent/CN204201944U/en
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Publication of CN204201944U publication Critical patent/CN204201944U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, comprise the water jacket furnace (1) of tubular, the passage of flame (11) of more than three is circumferentially distributed with in water jacket furnace (1), the upper end of passage of flame (11) is communicated with the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, the below of passage of flame (11) is provided with flue gas and assembles circular passage (13), lower end and the flue gas of passage of flame (11) are assembled circular passage (13) and are communicated with, flue gas is assembled circular passage (13) and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes (2) for discharging fume, also being provided with in water jacket furnace (1) can the cavity (12) of storage of liquids.This energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove is using anthracite as main fuel, and not only combustion heat-exchange efficiency is high, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, is particularly suitable for high latitude area.

Description

A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of coal heating stove, particularly one and is applicable to anthracitic energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove.
Background technology
Now, the northern area of China is without resident's major part employing coal heating in the winter time of central heating.Due to the impact of the factor such as price and the thermal efficiency, most residents has usually been selected cigarette honeycomb briquette and has been had bituminous coal heating stove, and after bituminous coal combustion, soot dust granule is many, and generally small-sized coal heating stove does not have cleaner, and after burning, smoke directly ventilating environmental pollution is serious.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problem of existing bituminous coal heating stove in use easy contaminated environment.The utility model provides a kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, and this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove is using anthracite as main fuel, and not only combustion heat-exchange efficiency is high, and energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The utility model is the technical scheme solving the employing of its technical problem: a kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, comprise the water jacket furnace of tubular, the passage of flame of more than three is circumferentially distributed with in water jacket furnace, the upper end of passage of flame is communicated with the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, the below of passage of flame is provided with flue gas and assembles circular passage, the lower end of passage of flame and flue gas assemble annular channel connection, flue gas is assembled circular passage and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes for discharging fume, and being also provided with in water jacket furnace can the cavity of storage of liquids.
Passage of flame is vertically arranged, and be uniformly distributed circumferentially 6 ~ 18 passage of flames in water jacket furnace, passage of flame upper end is arc.
The diameter of passage of flame is 15mm ~ 50mm.
Flue gas assembles annular channel setting in cavity, and the upper end of passage of flame is positioned at the top of water jacket furnace, and flue gas assembles annular channel bit in the bottom of water jacket furnace.
The below that flue gas assembles circular passage is provided with flue gas gathering curved channel, the equally distributed balanced drainage flue of multiple circumference along water jacket furnace is provided with between flue gas gathering circular passage and flue gas gathering curved channel, flue gas gathering circular passage is assembled curved channel by balanced drainage flue and flue gas and is communicated with, be equipped with drainage control valve in each balanced drainage flue, flue gas is assembled curved channel and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes be arranged on outside water jacket furnace.
The area of passage of flue gas gathering curved channel is greater than the area of passage of balanced drainage flue, and the area of passage of balanced drainage flue is greater than the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage, and the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage is greater than the area of passage of passage of flame.
The bottom of water jacket furnace is cinder chamber, and flue gas is assembled curved channel and is arranged on outside cinder chamber, and flue gas is assembled curved channel and is provided with the multiple ash removing openings that can open corresponding with balanced drainage flue.
Water jacket furnace contains water inlet and delivery port, and water inlet is arranged on the bottom of water jacket furnace, and delivery port is arranged on the top of water jacket furnace.
Water jacket furnace is also containing being communicated with this burner hearth of water jacket furnace and the first conduction hole of exhaust gases passes and the second conduction hole, and the diameter of the first conduction hole is greater than the diameter of the second conduction hole, is provided with switch flashboard in the first conduction hole.
The upper end of water jacket furnace is provided with gear fire cover and insulation cover, and insulation cover is arranged on outside gear fire cover, is provided with fire grate in the lower end of water jacket furnace.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove is using anthracite as main fuel, and not only combustion heat-exchange efficiency is high, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, is particularly suitable for high latitude area.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove described in the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the installation diagram of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view along A-A direction in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view along B-B direction in Fig. 1.
Wherein 1. water jacket furnaces, 2. exhaust gases passes;
11. passage of flames, 12. cavitys, 13. flue gases assemble circular passage, and 14. flue gases assemble curved channel, 15. balanced drainage flues, 16. drainage control valves, 17. cinder chamber, 18. ash removing openings, 19. water inlets, 110. delivery ports, 111. gear fire covers, 112. insulation covers, 113. first conduction holes, 114. second conduction holes, 115. switch flashboards, 116. fire grates, 117. ash holes, 118. air inlets, 119. switch valves.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove described in the utility model is described in further detail.A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, comprise the water jacket furnace 1 of tubular, the passage of flame 11 of more than three is circumferentially distributed with in the sidewall of water jacket furnace 1, the upper end of passage of flame 11 is communicated with the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, the below of passage of flame 11 is provided with flue gas and assembles circular passage 13, flue gas is assembled between the inside and outside wall of the sheathed water jacket furnace 1 in circular passage 13, lower end and the flue gas of passage of flame 11 are assembled circular passage 13 and are communicated with, flue gas is assembled circular passage 13 and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes 2 for discharging fume, also being provided with in water jacket furnace 1 can the cavity 12 of annular of storage of liquids, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.
Water jacket furnace 1 is cylindrical, or square, or cuboid, can pass into the liquid for heat exchange in cavity 12, such as water, anthracite burns in the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, flame and high-temperature flue gas will enter exhaust gases passes 2 from passage of flame 11, as indicated by arrow c of figure 1.In the process, flame in passage of flame 11 and high-temperature flue gas will heat liquid in cavity 12, water in cavity 12 and the outer circulation of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, namely water jacket furnace 1 is containing water inlet 19 and delivery port 110, thus to enable in cavity 12 by the water that heats as resident's heating uses.
In order to improve heat exchange efficiency and be applicable to anthracitic use, passage of flame 11 is vertically arranged, 6 ~ 18 passage of flames 11 have been uniformly distributed circumferentially in water jacket furnace 1, the diameter of passage of flame 11 is determined according to the design of body of heater size, general at 15 millimeters to 50 millimeters, passage of flame cross section can with circular, also can by square or rectangle.Passage of flame 11 is in squirrel-cage, and the diameter of passage of flame 11 is 15mm ~ 50mm.So not only can expand contact area also can avoid passage of flame 11 easily to block.Passage of flame upper end is that arc is arranged, and just can dredge the dust of passage of flame 11 with soft alloy structural objects.
In order to improve the heat exchange efficiency of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove further, water inlet 19 is arranged on the bottom of water jacket furnace 1, and delivery port 110 is arranged on the top of water jacket furnace 1.Due to flame and high-temperature flue gas, the process of movement in passage of flame 11 is by release heat, the temperature of flame and high-temperature flue gas incites somebody to action step-down gradually, water inlet 19 is arranged on the bottom of water jacket furnace 1, can make from water inlet water at low temperature progressively with flame and high-temperature flue gas generation heat exchange, because the heat absorption efficiency of water at low temperature is higher than the heat absorption efficiency of high-temperature water, so water inlet 19 is arranged on the bottom of water jacket furnace 1, the top that delivery port 110 is arranged on water jacket furnace 1 fully can absorb the heat energy in flame and high-temperature flue gas, thus improve the heat exchange efficiency of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove.In order to improve heat exchange efficiency further, flue gas is assembled circular passage 13 and is arranged in cavity 12, and the upper end of passage of flame 11 is positioned at the top of water jacket furnace 1, and flue gas assembles the bottom that circular passage 13 is positioned at water jacket furnace 1.
Be uniformly distributed in passage of flame 11 to make flame and high-temperature flue gas, in water jacket furnace 1, the below that flue gas assembles circular passage 13 is provided with flue gas gathering curved channel 14, multiple balanced drainage flue 15 be uniformly distributed circumferentially is provided with between flue gas gathering circular passage 13 and flue gas gathering curved channel 14, flue gas gathering circular passage 13 is assembled curved channel 14 by balanced drainage flue 15 and flue gas and is communicated with, be equipped with drainage control valve 16 in each balanced drainage flue 15, flue gas is assembled curved channel 14 and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes 2 be arranged on outside water jacket furnace 1.
By the flow regulating drainage control valve 16 can control balanced drainage flue 15, thus control the flow of the adjoining several passage of flames 11 of drainage flue 15 balanced with this, as in Fig. 3, exhaust gases passes 2 is arranged on the right side of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, so the flow of passage of flame 11 near right side balanced drainage flue 15 is large and the flow of passage of flame 11 near two of left side balanced drainage flues 15 is little, by regulating the drainage control valve 16 on right side, the flow of the balanced drainage flue 15 on right side is diminished, the drainage control valve 16 in left side is regulated to make the flow of the balanced drainage flue 15 in left side become large, thus make the flow in each passage of flame 11 roughly equal, to make the water in water jacket furnace 1 and cavity 12 be heated properly.
The area of passage of flue gas gathering curved channel 14 is greater than the area of passage of balanced drainage flue 15, the area of passage of balanced drainage flue 15 is greater than the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage 13, and the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage 13 is greater than the area of passage of passage of flame 11.Flame and high-temperature flue gas will enter exhaust gases passes 2 through passage of flame 11, flue gas after assembling circular passage 13, balanced drainage flue 15 and flue gas gathering curved channel 14 successively from this burner hearth.
The bottom of water jacket furnace 1 is cinder chamber 17, and flue gas is assembled curved channel 14 and is arranged on outside cinder chamber 17, and flue gas is assembled curved channel 14 and is provided with multiple ash removing opening 18 that can open.Open ash removing opening 18 to assemble black dirt in curved channel 14 to flue gas and clear up.Cinder chamber 17 is also provided with ash hole 117 and air inlet 118, and ash hole 117 and air inlet 118 place are also provided with switch valve 119.
Due to this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove in use, flame and high-temperature flue gas are move from the top down in passage of flame 11, automatically move down in passage of flame 11 to enable flame and high-temperature flue gas and do not need extra power, just need to make the chimney of exhaust gases passes 2 automatically produce suction, the burner hearth of water jacket furnace 1 and the first conduction hole 113 and the second conduction hole 114 of exhaust gases passes 2 is communicated with so be provided with at this water jacket furnace 1, after gas in the chimney of exhaust gases passes 2 is heated, the chimney of exhaust gases passes 2 will produce suction automatically, exhaust gases passes 2 will attract flame and high-temperature flue gas from passage of flame 11, flow through in first conduction hole 113 and the second conduction hole 114.If but flame and too much the flowing through and will reduce heat exchange efficiency from the first conduction hole 113 and the second conduction hole 114 of high-temperature flue gas, in order to address this problem, the diameter of the first conduction hole 113 is greater than the diameter of the second conduction hole 114, the top that switch flashboard 115, first conduction hole 113 and the second conduction hole 114 are positioned at passage of flame 11 is provided with in first conduction hole 113.After the chimney generation suction of exhaust gases passes 2, by switch flashboard 115, first conduction hole 113 is closed, the chimney that the second conduction hole 114 may be used for heating exhaust gases passes 2 makes exhaust gases passes 2 produce the suction continued.When banking up a fire, when lighting a fire, open the switch flashboard 115 of the first conduction hole 113, the flue gas not having heat utilization to be worth directly will enter the chimney discharge of exhaust gases passes 2, and the moisture reduced in coal corrodes passage of flame.
In addition, the upper end of water jacket furnace 1 is provided with gear fire cover 111 and insulation cover 112, and insulation cover 112 is arranged on outside gear fire cover 111, is provided with fire grate 116 in the lower end of water jacket furnace 1.
The above; be only specific embodiment of the utility model, the scope of utility model enforcement can not be limited with it, so the displacement of its equivalent assemblies; or the equivalent variations to do according to the utility model scope of patent protection and modification, all still should belong to the category that this patent is contained.In addition, the technical characteristic in the utility model and all can using by independent assortment between technical characteristic, between technical characteristic and technical scheme, between technical scheme and technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. an energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, it is characterized in that, described energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove comprises the water jacket furnace (1) of tubular, the passage of flame (11) of more than three is circumferentially distributed with in water jacket furnace (1), the upper end of passage of flame (11) is communicated with the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove, the below of passage of flame (11) is provided with flue gas and assembles circular passage (13), lower end and the flue gas of passage of flame (11) are assembled circular passage (13) and are communicated with, flue gas is assembled circular passage (13) and is communicated with the exhaust gases passes (2) for discharging fume, also being provided with in water jacket furnace (1) can the cavity (12) of storage of liquids.
2. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: passage of flame (11) is vertically arranged, be uniformly distributed circumferentially 6 ~ 18 passage of flames (11) in water jacket furnace (1), passage of flame upper end is arc.
3. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the diameter of passage of flame (11) is 15mm ~ 50mm.
4. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: flue gas is assembled circular passage (13) and is arranged in cavity (12), the upper end of passage of flame (11) is positioned at the top of water jacket furnace (1), and flue gas assembles the bottom that circular passage (13) is positioned at water jacket furnace (1).
5. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the below that flue gas assembles circular passage (13) is provided with flue gas gathering curved channel (14), the equally distributed balanced drainage flue (15) of multiple circumference along water jacket furnace (1) is provided with between flue gas gathering circular passage (13) and flue gas gathering curved channel (14), flue gas gathering circular passage (13) is assembled curved channel (14) by balanced drainage flue (15) and flue gas and is communicated with, drainage control valve (16) is equipped with in each balanced drainage flue (15), flue gas is assembled curved channel (14) and is arranged on water jacket furnace (1) exhaust gases passes outward (2) and is communicated with.
6. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the area of passage of flue gas gathering curved channel (14) is greater than the area of passage of balanced drainage flue (15), the area of passage of balanced drainage flue (15) is greater than the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage (13), and the area of passage of flue gas gathering circular passage (13) is greater than the area of passage of passage of flame (11).
7. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the bottom of water jacket furnace (1) is cinder chamber (17), flue gas is assembled curved channel (14) and is arranged on cinder chamber (17) outward, and flue gas is assembled curved channel (14) and is provided with the multiple ash removing openings (18) that can open corresponding with balanced drainage flue (15).
8. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: water jacket furnace (1) is containing water inlet (19) and delivery port (110), water inlet (19) is arranged on the bottom of water jacket furnace (1), and delivery port (110) is arranged on the top of water jacket furnace (1).
9. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: water jacket furnace (1) is also containing being communicated with this burner hearth of water jacket furnace (1) and first conduction hole (113) of exhaust gases passes (2) and the second conduction hole (114), the diameter of the first conduction hole (113) is greater than the diameter of the second conduction hole (114), and the first conduction hole is provided with switch flashboard (115) in (113).
10. energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper end of water jacket furnace (1) is provided with gear fire cover (111) and insulation cover (112), insulation cover (112) is arranged on gear fire cover (111) outward, is provided with fire grate (116) in the lower end of water jacket furnace (1).
CN201420619040.XU 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove Expired - Fee Related CN204201944U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420619040.XU CN204201944U (en) 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420619040.XU CN204201944U (en) 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204201944U true CN204201944U (en) 2015-03-11

Family

ID=52659900

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420619040.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204201944U (en) 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 A kind of energy-saving environment protection fire coal heating stove

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204201944U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150311

Termination date: 20171024