CN204035612U - A kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool - Google Patents

A kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204035612U
CN204035612U CN201420434798.6U CN201420434798U CN204035612U CN 204035612 U CN204035612 U CN 204035612U CN 201420434798 U CN201420434798 U CN 201420434798U CN 204035612 U CN204035612 U CN 204035612U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine tool
hole
positioning fixture
drilling hole
abutment sleeve
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420434798.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨学良
Original Assignee
浙江西菱股份有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 浙江西菱股份有限公司 filed Critical 浙江西菱股份有限公司
Priority to CN201420434798.6U priority Critical patent/CN204035612U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204035612U publication Critical patent/CN204035612U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool, belongs to field of mechanical technique.It solve and how to realize the problem of drilling hole machine tool to the processing of axial workpiece radial hole.This drilling hole machine tool comprises frame and is fixed on the workbench in frame, workbench is provided with column, column is provided with main spindle box, the drill spindle for carry its tools rotation and feeding is provided with in main spindle box, it is characterized in that, workbench is provided with index dial, the rotating disk of index dial is fixed with positioning fixture, the center line of positioning fixture is mutually vertical with drill spindle center line, and rotating disk can drive positioning fixture to rotate around the center line of positioning fixture.By fixed center line on the rotating disk of index dial and the orthogonal positioning fixture of drill spindle center line, make the center line of axial workpiece and the central axis of drill spindle by this positioning fixture, thus achieve the processing of drilling hole machine tool to axial workpiece radial hole.

Description

A kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of mechanical technique, relates to a kind of drilling hole machine tool, particularly a kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool.
Background technology
Drilling hole machine tool refers to the lathe mainly using drill bit machining hole on workpiece.Usual bit is main motion, and drill bit moves axially as feed motion.Drilling hole machine tool structure is simple, and machining accuracy is relatively low, can holes drilled through, blind hole, changes special tool, can expand, spot-facing, reams or carries out the processing such as tapping.In machining manufacture process, often can encounter the problem needed at the radial machining hole of axial workpiece or screw thread.
As Chinese patent [application number: 201320492225.4; Authorization Notice No.: CN 203437678U] disclose a kind of drilling machine, comprise support, fuselage and be arranged at the workbench being used for place work piece on support, the drill bit that fuselage comprises column, motor, transmission mechanism, handle, main shaft and is arranged on main shaft, workbench is fixedly installed working plate, working plate center is fixedly installed scroll chuck, bit central on the corresponding main shaft in scroll chuck center, scroll chuck side is provided with the adjustment stud that three-jaw chuck pawl can be regulated to clamp, and regulates on stud and is fixedly connected with T-shaped adjusting rod.This drilling machine, by arranging scroll chuck, can be convenient to the boring of various cylindrical workpiece centre bore.
When needing the radial hole on axial workpiece side face to add man-hour, there is following problem and be in above-mentioned drilling machine: the bit central 1, on the corresponding main shaft in scroll chuck center, and axial workpiece cannot clamping, can not realize the processing to axial workpiece radial hole.2, scroll chuck is self-centering mode, cannot realize the axial location clamping of axial workpiece, cannot process radial hole exactly on the outer peripheral face of axial workpiece.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model there are the problems referred to above for existing technology, proposes a kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool, and the technical problem that the utility model solves how to realize the processing of drilling hole machine tool to axial workpiece radial hole.
The purpose of this utility model realizes by following technical proposal: a kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described drilling hole machine tool comprises frame and is fixed on the workbench in frame, described workbench is provided with column, described column is provided with main spindle box, the drill spindle for carry its tools rotation and feeding is provided with in described main spindle box, it is characterized in that, described workbench is provided with index dial, the rotating disk of described index dial is fixed with positioning fixture, the center line of described positioning fixture is mutually vertical with drill spindle center line, described rotating disk can drive positioning fixture to rotate around the center line of positioning fixture.
The operation principle of this rotary index drilling hole machine tool is: by arranging positioning fixture on the rotating disk of index dial, this positioning fixture can grip axial workpiece, realizes centralized positioning and the axial location of axial workpiece.Like this, drilling hole machine tool can just be realized to the radial hole processing on axial workpiece outer peripheral face by the drilling tool be arranged on main shaft.Simultaneously, the axial workpiece be fixed on positioning fixture can be driven by the rotating disk rotating index dial, axial workpiece circumference is rotated, calibration can be carried out to axial workpiece exactly by index dial, so just can process the radial hole of circumferential all angles exactly on axial workpiece.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described positioning fixture comprises chuck body and abutment sleeve, described chuck body center has through hole, described abutment sleeve is located in the through hole of chuck body, described abutment sleeve center has resigning hole, described abutment sleeve has at least two and be positioned at the installing hole be connected on abutment sleeve RADIAL and with resigning hole, described installing hole is along the distribution of abutment sleeve circumference, locating part is provided with in each described installing hole, the outer face of described locating part is sphere, back-moving spring is provided with between described locating part and installing hole.Locating part can utilize the elastic force effect of back-moving spring to be stuck in axial workpiece outer peripheral face is used in the hole of locating, fabrication hole on axial workpiece outer peripheral face, machining hole or groove part can be used as the hole of location, thus realize centralized positioning and the axial location of axial workpiece; Meanwhile, when needs take out axial workpiece, the outer face due to locating part is sphere, locating part just can be made to depart from as long as apply outside pulling force to axial workpiece like this, thus is taken out by part, quick and convenient.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described positioning fixture also comprises terminal pad, and described terminal pad is fixed on the rotating disk of index dial, and the center of described terminal pad has recess of stepping down, the end of described abutment sleeve has adpting flange, and described adpting flange is fixed on above-mentioned stepping down in recess.Positioning fixture is connected by terminal pad and adpting flange and index dial.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described chuck body is provided with the jaw for clamping axial workpiece.When axial workpiece realizes centralized positioning and axial location by locating part, jaw just can clamp axial workpiece makes it rotate together with positioning fixture.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described locating part comprises spacing body and in hemispheric limiting section, have convex shoulder between described limiting section and spacing body, the inner of described installing hole has step surface, and described convex shoulder can be resisted against on above-mentioned step surface.Step surface can limit locating part and depart from installing hole under action of reset spring.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, the lateral surface of the through abutment sleeve of described installing hole, described installing hole outer end has internal thread, has been threaded connection thread plug in described installing hole, described back-moving spring one end is resisted against on spacing body, and the other end is resisted against on thread plug.Arrange the installation that thread plug facilitates locating part, rotary screwing thread plug can adjust the elastic force of spring simultaneously.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, the quantity of described installing hole is 2 ~ 4.
Alternatively, in above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described positioning fixture is scroll chuck or chuck.
In above-mentioned rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described index dial is numerical control scale-division dish.Numerical control scale-division dish can when processing radial hole, and axial workpiece carries out automatically and accurate calibration adjustment.
Compared with prior art, there is following advantage in this rotary index drilling hole machine tool:
1, by fixed center line and the orthogonal positioning fixture of drill spindle center line on the rotating disk of index dial, make the center line of axial workpiece and the central axis of drill spindle by this positioning fixture, thus achieve the processing of drilling hole machine tool to axial workpiece radial hole.
2, by rotating rotating disk, axial workpiece circumference is rotated, thus achieve the radial hole that drilling hole machine tool processes circumferential all angles exactly on axial workpiece.
3, the locating part be arranged in positioning fixture makes axial workpiece realize centralized positioning and axial location, improves the machining accuracy of radial hole; Meanwhile, quick position and the dismounting of axial workpiece is achieved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this rotary index drilling hole machine tool.
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view at A place in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1, frame; 2, workbench; 3, column; 4, main spindle box; 5, drill spindle; 6, index dial; 61, rotating disk; 7, positioning fixture; 71, chuck body; 712, jaw; 72, abutment sleeve; 721, resigning hole; 722, installing hole; 73, terminal pad; 8, locating part; 81, spacing body; 82, limiting section; 83, convex shoulder; 9, back-moving spring; 10, thread plug.
Detailed description of the invention
Be below specific embodiment of the utility model and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is further described, but the utility model be not limited to these embodiments.
Embodiment one:
This rotary index drilling hole machine tool comprises frame 1, workbench 2, column 3, main spindle box 4, drill spindle 5, index dial 6, rotating disk 61, positioning fixture 7, chuck body 71, through hole, jaw 712, abutment sleeve 72, resigning hole 721, installing hole 722, terminal pad 73, locating part 8, spacing body 81, limiting section 82, convex shoulder 83, back-moving spring 9, thread plug 10.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 1, the workbench 2 comprising frame 1 and be fixed in frame 1, workbench 2 is provided with column 3, column 3 is provided with main spindle box 4, the drill spindle 5 for carry its tools rotation and feeding is provided with in main spindle box 4, workbench 2 is provided with index dial 6, this index dial 6 is numerical control scale-division dish 6, numerical control scale-division dish 6 can when processing radial hole, axial workpiece is carried out automatically and accurate calibration adjustment, the rotating disk 61 of index dial 6 is fixed with positioning fixture 7, the center line of positioning fixture 7 is mutually vertical with drill spindle 5 center line, rotating disk 61 can drive positioning fixture 7 to rotate around the center line of positioning fixture 7.
As shown in Figure 2, this positioning fixture 7 comprises chuck body 71 and abutment sleeve 72, chuck body 71 is provided with the jaw 712 for clamping axial workpiece, this jaw 712 can be driven by pneumatic system, control unclamping and clamping of jaw 712, chuck body 71 center has through hole, abutment sleeve 72 is located in the through hole of chuck body 71, abutment sleeve 72 center has resigning hole 721, abutment sleeve 72 has at least two and be positioned at the installing hole 722 be connected on abutment sleeve 72 RADIAL and with resigning hole 721, the quantity of installing hole 722 is preferably 4, installing hole 722 distributes and the lateral surface of through abutment sleeve 72 along abutment sleeve 72 circumference, installing hole 722 outer end has internal thread, thread plug 10 has been threaded connection in installing hole 722, be provided with locating part 8 in installing hole 722 simultaneously.In actual production process, the quantity of installing hole 722 can be 2 or 3.
Locating part 8 comprises spacing body 81 and in hemispheric limiting section 82, have convex shoulder 83 between limiting section 82 and spacing body 81, the inner of installing hole 722 has step surface, and convex shoulder 83 can be resisted against on above-mentioned step surface.The outer face of locating part 8 is sphere, back-moving spring 9 is provided with between locating part 8 and thread plug 10, back-moving spring 9 can be set in be thought on spacing body 81, or the spring mounting hole that also can offer on the end face of spacing body 81 for installing back-moving spring 9, back-moving spring 9 one end is resisted against on spacing body 91, and the other end is resisted against on thread plug 11.Positioning fixture 7 also comprises terminal pad 73, and terminal pad 73 is fixed on the rotating disk 61 of index dial 6, and the center of terminal pad 73 has recess of stepping down, and the end of abutment sleeve 72 has adpting flange, and adpting flange is fixed on above-mentioned stepping down in recess.Positioning fixture 7 realizes being connected with index dial 6 by terminal pad 73 and adpting flange.
The process of this rotary index to axial workpiece radial hole is as follows: first, control Pneumatic clamping jaw 712 and be in releasing orientation, the one end then axial workpiece with hole is inserted in resigning hole 721, by rotating axial workpiece, be positioned at the locating part 8 of installing hole 722 under the effect of back-moving spring 9 elastic force, will be stuck in hemispheric limiting section 82 on axial workpiece outer peripheral face and be used in the arc groove of location, thus realize centralized positioning and the axial location of axial workpiece; After completing location, control Pneumatic clamping jaw 712 and clamp axial workpiece, keyhole main shaft 5 carry its tools rotates and feeding again, the station needed carries out processing radial hole, when needing the axial hole of other angles of working shaft-like part circumference, automatic indexing can be carried out by domination number control division dish to axial workpiece, thus realize the processing to axial workpiece radial hole.
Embodiment two:
Technical scheme in the present embodiment is substantially identical with the technical scheme in embodiment one, and difference is, described positioning fixture 7 is scroll chuck or chuck.Also can realize the location of axial workpiece by scroll chuck or chuck and fix, thus realizing the processing to axial workpiece radial hole.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ the terms such as frame 1, workbench 2, column 3, main spindle box 4, drill spindle 5, index dial 6, rotating disk 61, positioning fixture 7, chuck body 71, through hole, jaw 712, abutment sleeve 72, resigning hole 721, installing hole 722, terminal pad 73, locating part 8, spacing body 81, limiting section 82, convex shoulder 83, back-moving spring 9, thread plug 10 herein, do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present utility model more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (9)

1. a rotary index drilling hole machine tool, described drilling hole machine tool comprises frame (1) and is fixed on the workbench (2) in frame (1), described workbench (2) is provided with column (3), described column (3) is provided with main spindle box (4), the drill spindle (5) for carry its tools rotation and feeding is provided with in described main spindle box (4), it is characterized in that, described workbench (2) is provided with index dial (6), the rotating disk (61) of described index dial (6) is fixed with positioning fixture (7), the center line of described positioning fixture (7) is mutually vertical with drill spindle (5) center line, described rotating disk (61) can drive positioning fixture (7) to rotate around the center line of positioning fixture (7).
2. rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described positioning fixture (7) comprises chuck body (71) and abutment sleeve (72), described chuck body (71) center has through hole, described abutment sleeve (72) is located in the through hole of chuck body (71), described abutment sleeve (72) center has resigning hole (721), described abutment sleeve (72) has at least two and be positioned at the installing hole (722) be connected on abutment sleeve (72) RADIAL and with resigning hole (721), described installing hole (722) is along the distribution of abutment sleeve (72) circumference, locating part (8) is provided with in each described installing hole (722), the outer face of described locating part (8) is sphere, back-moving spring (9) is provided with between described locating part (8) and installing hole (722).
3. rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described positioning fixture (7) also comprises terminal pad (73), described terminal pad (73) is fixed on the rotating disk (61) of index dial (6), the center of described terminal pad (73) has recess of stepping down, the end of described abutment sleeve (72) has adpting flange, and described adpting flange is fixed on above-mentioned stepping down in recess.
4. the rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that, described chuck body (71) is provided with the jaw (712) for clamping axial workpiece.
5. the rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described locating part (8) comprises spacing body (81) and is hemispheric limiting section (82), there is between described limiting section (82) and spacing body (81) convex shoulder (83), the inner of described installing hole (722) has step surface, and described convex shoulder (83) can be resisted against on above-mentioned step surface.
6. rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the lateral surface of described installing hole (722) through abutment sleeve (72), described installing hole (722) outer end has internal thread, thread plug (10) has been threaded connection in described installing hole (722), described back-moving spring (9) one end is resisted against on spacing body (81), and the other end is resisted against on thread plug (10).
7. the rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that, the quantity of described installing hole (722) is 2 ~ 4.
8. rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described positioning fixture (7) is scroll chuck or chuck.
9. the rotary index drilling hole machine tool according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 8, is characterized in that, described index dial (6) is numerical control scale-division dish.
CN201420434798.6U 2014-08-04 2014-08-04 A kind of rotary index drilling hole machine tool CN204035612U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104741657A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-01 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 High-automation-degree device for processing automobile piston
CN104741658A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-01 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 Device for machining oil hole in automobile piston
CN104816010A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-05 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 Novel device for processing oil hole in piston
CN105215398A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 重庆盛镁镁业有限公司 Circumference porous rotary work piece drilling equipment
CN108901630A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-30 刘冠男 A kind of edible mushroom juggle cultivation puncher

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104741657A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-01 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 High-automation-degree device for processing automobile piston
CN104741658A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-01 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 Device for machining oil hole in automobile piston
CN104816010A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-08-05 成都市龙泉通惠实业有限责任公司 Novel device for processing oil hole in piston
CN105215398A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 重庆盛镁镁业有限公司 Circumference porous rotary work piece drilling equipment
CN108901630A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-30 刘冠男 A kind of edible mushroom juggle cultivation puncher

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Rotary-indexing hole drilling machine tool

Effective date of registration: 20180312

Granted publication date: 20141224

Pledgee: Zhejiang Tailong commercial bank Taizhou branch of Limited by Share Ltd

Pledgor: ZHEJIANG XILING CO., LTD.

Registration number: 2018330000057