CN204017942U - For the pulverizer of automatic sample - Google Patents

For the pulverizer of automatic sample Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204017942U
CN204017942U CN201420491389.XU CN201420491389U CN204017942U CN 204017942 U CN204017942 U CN 204017942U CN 201420491389 U CN201420491389 U CN 201420491389U CN 204017942 U CN204017942 U CN 204017942U
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China
Prior art keywords
sample
passage
pulverizer
collection channel
keeps
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CN201420491389.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱先德
朱青
任率
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Hunan Sundy Science and Technology Development Co Ltd
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Hunan Sundy Science and Technology Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of pulverizer for automatic sample, comprise frame, Control Component, powder process assembly, material bin, collection channel, abandon sample passage and the passage that keeps sample, described material bin is positioned at the feed end of powder process assembly, described collection channel is communicated with the discharge end of powder process assembly, describedly abandon sample passage and the passage that keeps sample is positioned at the discharge end of collection channel, the discharge end of described collection channel is provided with discharge nozzle, described discharge nozzle is arranged on a sample channel switching mechanism, under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism, turn to and abandon sample passage or the channel connection that keeps sample, on the discharge end of described discharge nozzle, be arranged with for the black box of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample and coordinating.The utlity model has simple and compact for structure, can further improve and pulverize sample preparation precision, reduce the advantages such as dust pollution.

Description

For the pulverizer of automatic sample
Technical field
The utility model is mainly concerned with sample making apparatus field, refers in particular to a kind of pulverizer for automatic sample.
Background technology
In numerous technical fields of prior art, all need to carry out the making of sample of material.For example, in the field tests of coal sample, before coal sample is carried out to multiple analysis of experiments, just need to make representative coal charge sample.In manufacturing process, often need coal sample to carry out fragmentation in advance, and then collect, can not there is during this time the loss of sample, can not make sample that some physics or chemical change occur, otherwise will impact final result of the test.
In sample making course, what be often used to is the pulverizer for automatic sample, and it is to utilize crushing cutter to carry out crushing operation to the material of sending into from material bin, and then the material after fragmentation is directly imported in a bottle and collected.In this process, tend to exist following problem:
1, in shattering process, can produce a large amount of dust or fine particle, easily residual and stick on crushing cutter, crusher chamber inwall, cause the loss of sample, be also unfavorable for dismounting and clean.
2, automaticity is not high, often need to keep sample or abandon the manual switching of sample, and the labour intensity of charging operation is large.
3, in the collection process of each blanking, conventional art does not all design hermetically-sealed construction, cannot reach preferably collecting effect, has caused impact to follow-up certainty of measurement, and the dust producing has also caused impact to environment.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is just: the technical problem existing for prior art, the utility model provide a kind of simple and compact for structure, can further improve the pulverizer for automatic sample of pulverizing sample preparation precision, reducing dust pollution.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model by the following technical solutions:
A kind of pulverizer for automatic sample, comprise frame, Control Component, powder process assembly, material bin, collection channel, abandon sample passage and the passage that keeps sample, described material bin is positioned at the feed end of powder process assembly, described collection channel is communicated with the discharge end of powder process assembly, describedly abandon sample passage and the passage that keeps sample is positioned at the discharge end of collection channel, the discharge end of described collection channel is provided with discharge nozzle, described discharge nozzle is arranged on a sample channel switching mechanism, turns to and abandon sample passage or the channel connection that keeps sample under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism; On the discharge end of described discharge nozzle, be arranged with for the black box of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample and coordinating.
As further improvement of the utility model: described black box comprises seal cover and sealing sliding sleeve, described sealing sliding sleeve is sheathed on the lateral wall of described discharge nozzle, described seal cover is fixed on sealed sliding and puts towards one end of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample, described seal cover is used for forming and being sealed and matched with the top of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample, offers for discharge nozzle toward abandoning sample passage or the hole of the interior discharging of passage that keeps sample on described seal cover.
As further improvement of the utility model: be provided with more than one seal between described sealing sliding sleeve and the lateral wall of described discharge nozzle.
As further improvement of the utility model: under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism, described seal cover is attached to the top motion of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample.
As further improvement of the utility model: the discharge end of described powder process assembly is provided with discharging control valve, and described discharging control valve is connected with Control Component; The exit position place of described material bin is provided with pan feeding control valve, and described pan feeding control valve is connected with Control Component.
As further improvement of the utility model: described powder process assembly comprises crushing knife mechanism and actuator, described crushing knife mechanism comprises crushing chamber and is installed on the crushing knife in crushing chamber, described crushing knife is connected with the output of actuator, and described crushing chamber is communicated with collection channel.
As further improvement of the utility model: described crushing knife is multiple and is arrangement more than a circle, be coarse crushing cutter when what be that two circles are positioned at center when above, near crushing chamber inwall is executive item in small, broken bits; Described crushing knife is connected on a rotating disk, and described rotating disk is connected with the output of actuator.
As further improvement of the utility model: described collection channel is the cavity with certain altitude.
As further improvement of the utility model: more than one vibrations blanking parts are set on described collection channel.
As further improvement of the utility model: the interface of described collection channel and crushing chamber arranges blanking deflector and screen cloth.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of:
1, the utility model on the discharge end of discharge nozzle, be arranged with for the black box of abandoning sample passage or the passage that keeps sample and coordinating.Utilize black box can make discharge nozzle form and preferably be sealed and matched with the passage that keeps sample with abandoning sample passage, to ensure best collecting effect, also can reduce dust, avoid environment to impact.
2, coal of the present utility model completes filtration by screen cloth after pulverizing the pulverizing of executive item, directly enters collection channel, then under the effect of gravity from sedimentation, and then realize automatic sample and pulverize and collect coal dust process.In whole process, coal dust is to collect by the parts that connect material, and does not need to dismantle crushing chamber.Under the effect of eddy flow, on screen cloth, do not have coal dust residual yet, do not need to clear up screen cloth, and can not leak powder in crushing process, coal powder collection efficiency is very high.
3, the exit position of the utility model material bin and collection channel arranges control valve, utilizes control valve can effectively control speed and the weight of pan feeding, discharging, and then optimizes whole crushing operation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural principle schematic diagram of the utility model in the time of concrete application and while abandoning sample passage formation sealing.
Fig. 2 is the structural principle schematic diagram of the utility model in the time of concrete application and when the passage that keeps sample forms sealing.
Fig. 3 is the structural principle schematic diagram of crushing knife mechanism in the utility model.
Marginal data:
1, frame; 2, Control Component; 3, material bin; 4, crushing knife mechanism; 5, collection channel; 6, the bottle that gathers materials; 7, actuator; 8, discharging control valve; 9, vibrations blanking parts; 10, blanking deflector; 11, screen cloth; 12, support plate; 13, sealing; 14, abandon sample passage; 15, the passage that keeps sample; 16, seal cover; 17, discharge nozzle; 18, sample channel switching mechanism; 19, discharging driving mechanism; 20, pan feeding driving mechanism; 21, sealing sliding sleeve; 22, seal; 23, pan feeding control valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to Figure of description and specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further details.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, pulverizer for automatic sample of the present utility model, comprise frame 1, Control Component 2, powder process assembly, material bin 3, collection channel 5, abandon sample passage 14 and the passage 15 that keeps sample, material bin 3 is positioned at the feed end of powder process assembly, collection channel 5 is communicated with the discharge end of powder process assembly, abandons sample passage 14 and the passage 15 that keeps sample is positioned at the discharge end of collection channel 5.The utility model is provided with discharge nozzle 17 at the discharge end of collection channel 5, and discharge nozzle 17 is arranged on a sample channel switching mechanism 18, turns to and abandon sample passage 14 or the passage 15 that keeps sample is communicated with under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism 18; Sample channel switching mechanism 18 can adopt the version of motor and rotating disk, drives discharge nozzle 17.On the discharge end of discharge nozzle 17, be arranged with for the black box of abandoning sample passage 14 or the passage 15 that keeps sample coordinates.Utilize black box can make discharge nozzle 17 form preferably and be sealed and matched with the passage 15 that keeps sample with abandoning sample passage 14, to ensure best collecting effect, also can reduce dust, avoid environment to impact.
In the present embodiment, black box comprises seal cover 16 and sealing sliding sleeve 21, sealing sliding sleeve 21 is sheathed on the lateral wall of discharge nozzle 17, seal cover 16 is fixed on sealing sliding sleeve 21 towards abandoning sample passage 14 or one end of the passage 15 that keeps sample, seal cover 16 is used for abandoning sample passage 14 or the top of the passage 15 that keeps sample forms and is sealed and matched, seal cover 16 with above offer for discharge nozzle 17 toward abandoning sample passage 14 or the hole of the passage 15 interior dischargings that keep sample.
In the present embodiment, between sealing sliding sleeve 21 and the lateral wall of discharge nozzle 17, be provided with more than one seal 22, seal 22 can adopt O RunddichtringO or other forms of seal according to actual needs.
In the present embodiment, under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism 18, seal cover 16 is attached to the top motion of abandoning sample passage 14 or keeping sample passage 15.
In the present embodiment, the discharge end of powder process assembly is provided with discharging control valve 8, and discharging control valve 8 is connected with Control Component 2, and discharging control valve 8 is driven by discharging driving mechanism 19.The exit position place of material bin 3 is provided with pan feeding control valve 23, and pan feeding control valve 23 is connected with Control Component 2, and pan feeding control valve 23 is driven by pan feeding driving mechanism 20.
In the present embodiment, crushing knife mechanism 4 comprises crushing chamber and is installed on the crushing knife in crushing chamber, crushing knife is connected and high speed rotating under the driving of actuator 7 with the output of actuator 7, the material of sending into from material bin 3 (as: coal sample) is carried out to fragmentation, and actuator 7 can adopt motor or other actuators according to actual needs.Broken complete material is sent into collection channel 5, utilizes the collection of collection channel 5 and guiding to complete the collection of material.
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, crushing chamber is cylindrical shape, and part or all sidewall of cylindrical shell is mesh structure, passes through for material.Several crushing knifes are arrangement more than a circle and are connected on a rotating disk, and this rotating disk is connected with the output of actuator 7.When being two circles when above, what be positioned at center is coarse crushing cutter, and near crushing chamber inwall is cutter in small, broken bits.In the time that material drops in crushing chamber, coarse crushing cutter can be first forms crushing force to it, and then cutter in small, broken bits can carry out the material throwing up in small, broken bitsly, can also form shearing force between each broken cutter simultaneously, to material cut apart, fragmentation.
In the present embodiment, collection channel 5 is for having the cavity of certain altitude, utilize coal dust from the resedimentation sample that falls.Meanwhile, vibrations blanking parts 9 are further set on collection channel 5, the vibrations that utilize vibrations blanking parts 9 to produce, the coal charge that order sticks on collection channel 5 inwalls all falls, and enters the bottle 6 that gathers materials, thereby improves the precision of sample preparation.
In the present embodiment, at collection channel 5 and the interface of crushing chamber, blanking deflector 10 is set, goes to complete the cavity that coal sample after fragmentation can fast, all enter into collection channel 5.
In the present embodiment, further at collection channel 5 and the interface of crushing chamber, screen cloth 11 is set, utilizes screen cloth 11 to carry out filtering screening one time to entering the coal sample of collection channel 5.
In the present embodiment, between the cavity top of collection channel 5 and the support plate 12 of material bin 3, sealing 13 is set, collection channel 5 is arranged at the side of cavity with the interface of crushing chamber, and then has greatly improved the sealing of collection channel 5.
Below be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, protection domain of the present utility model is also not only confined to above-described embodiment, and all technical schemes belonging under the utility model thinking all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, in the some improvements and modifications that do not depart under the utility model principle prerequisite, should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. the pulverizer for automatic sample, comprise frame (1), Control Component (2), powder process assembly, material bin (3), collection channel (5), abandon sample passage (14) and the passage that keeps sample (15), described material bin (3) is positioned at the feed end of powder process assembly, described collection channel (5) is communicated with the discharge end of powder process assembly, the described discharge end of abandoning sample passage (14) and the passage that keeps sample (15) and be positioned at collection channel (5), it is characterized in that, the discharge end of described collection channel (5) is provided with discharge nozzle (17), described discharge nozzle (17) is arranged on a sample channel switching mechanism (18), under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism (18), turn to and abandon sample passage (14) or the passage that keeps sample (15) is communicated with, on the discharge end of described discharge nozzle (17), be arranged with for the black box of abandoning sample passage (14) or the passage that keeps sample (15) and coordinating.
2. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described black box comprises seal cover (16) and sealing sliding sleeve (21), described sealing sliding sleeve (21) is sheathed on the lateral wall of described discharge nozzle (17), it is upper towards one end of abandoning sample passage (14) or the passage that keeps sample (15) that described seal cover (16) is fixed on sealing sliding sleeve (21), described seal cover (16) is used for forming and being sealed and matched with the top of abandoning sample passage (14) or the passage that keeps sample (15), on described seal cover (16), offer for discharge nozzle (17) toward abandoning the hole of sample passage (14) or the interior discharging of the passage that keeps sample (15).
3. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 2, is characterized in that, between described sealing sliding sleeve (21) and the lateral wall of described discharge nozzle (17), is provided with more than one seal (22).
4. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 2, is characterized in that, under the driving of sample channel switching mechanism (18), described seal cover (16) is attached to the top motion of abandoning sample passage (14) or the passage that keeps sample (15).
5. according to the pulverizer for automatic sample described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, the discharge end of described powder process assembly is provided with discharging control valve (8), and described discharging control valve (8) is connected with Control Component (2); The exit position place of described material bin (3) is provided with pan feeding control valve (23), and described pan feeding control valve (23) is connected with Control Component (2).
6. according to the pulverizer for automatic sample described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, described powder process assembly comprises crushing knife mechanism (4) and actuator (7), described crushing knife mechanism (4) comprises crushing chamber and is installed on the crushing knife in crushing chamber, described crushing knife is connected with the output of actuator (7), and described crushing chamber is communicated with collection channel (5).
7. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described crushing knife is multiple and is arrangement more than a circle, is coarse crushing cutter when what be that two circles are positioned at center when above, and near crushing chamber inwall is executive item in small, broken bits; Described crushing knife is connected on a rotating disk, and described rotating disk is connected with the output of actuator (7).
8. according to the pulverizer for automatic sample described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, described collection channel (5) is for having the cavity of certain altitude.
9. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 8, is characterized in that, more than one vibrations blanking parts (9) are set on described collection channel (5).
10. the pulverizer for automatic sample according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described collection channel (5) arranges blanking deflector (10) and screen cloth (11) with the interface of crushing chamber.
CN201420491389.XU 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 For the pulverizer of automatic sample Active CN204017942U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420491389.XU CN204017942U (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 For the pulverizer of automatic sample

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420491389.XU CN204017942U (en) 2014-08-29 2014-08-29 For the pulverizer of automatic sample

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204017942U true CN204017942U (en) 2014-12-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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