CN203874871U - Processing device for plant powder - Google Patents

Processing device for plant powder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203874871U
CN203874871U CN201320820116.0U CN201320820116U CN203874871U CN 203874871 U CN203874871 U CN 203874871U CN 201320820116 U CN201320820116 U CN 201320820116U CN 203874871 U CN203874871 U CN 203874871U
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
drying box
processing unit
feeding auger
plant powder
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201320820116.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周伯雅
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周伯雅
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Priority to CN201320820116.0U priority Critical patent/CN203874871U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a processing device for plant powder. The processing device comprises a drying mechanism and smashing mechanisms, wherein the drying mechanism is communicated with the smashing mechanisms through corresponding pipelines and comprises a vacuumizing drying box with a material inlet, a material conveying packing auger vertically arranged along the material inlet of the drying box, and a drying plate, a coolant pipe and a heating pipe which are arranged in the drying box; each smashing mechanism comprises a smashing cavity, a lower grinding disk at the bottom on the inner side of the smashing cavity, and an upper grinding disk connected to the upper part of the lower grinding disk in a rotatable manner. The processing device for plant powder has the advantages that the requirement of a stream type continuous production technology can be met; pollution is avoided in a production process; plant powder processed by the processing device disclosed by the utility model can keep the original flavor and the original nutritional components of plants; furthermore, the processing device is simple in structure and low in cost.

Description

A kind of processing unit (plant) of pure plant powder
Technical field
The utility model relates to the grinding processing equipment of plant, relates in particular to a kind of processing unit (plant) of pure plant powder.
Background technology
Fruit plant is rich in moisture, as the method according to conventional is prepared into powder, tends to it first to dry then and pulverize, but the peculiar taste that this production method can affect fruit plant nutrient ingredient and have.The application for a patent for invention of the Fruity type composite sweetener for example proposing before this case applicant, stevioside mouthfeel and add blueberry powder for a change, what utilize is exactly the distinctive taste of blueberry powder, if adopt conventional method to produce blueberry powder, just can not reach the object that changes stevioside mouthfeel.If stevioside adopts existing agitating mode with mixing of blueberry powder simultaneously, can not promptly make in time two Plants powders be evenly distributed, more can not make to be dried, to pulverize, to be mixed into the operating type of continuous flowing water, therefore in actual production, need to provide the process equipment that is dried, pulverizes, mixes continuous flow system that can keep fruit plant mouthfeel and can realize corresponding powder.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that can to adapt to plant composite powder material manufacturing technique required, a kind of plant composite powder material preparation facilities that for example the required continuous-flow type serialization of Fruity type composite sweetening agent producing process is produced; A kind of plant composite powder material preparation facilities that provides a kind of production process to pollute without powder is provided.Its concrete technical scheme is as follows:
The processing unit (plant) of described pure plant powder, comprises drier and disintegrating mechanism, and described drier passes through the mutual UNICOM of corresponding pipeline with disintegrating mechanism; Described drier comprise be provided with the drying box of charging aperture vacuum-pumping, along the vertical feeding auger of placing of described drying box charging aperture and be placed in drying plate, refrigerant pipe and the heating tube in drying box; Described disintegrating mechanism comprises a pulverizing cavity, be placed in the lower millstone of described pulverizing cavity inside bottom and be rotatably connected on the upper millstone of described lower millstone top.
On described drying box charging aperture, feed hopper is set, described feed hopper is provided with support, and described feeding auger is supported on support and can be moved up and down along supporting place by least two place's bearings on described support; Drying box sidewall is provided with the aspirating hole being communicated with the air exhauster vacuumizing and the air admission hole being communicated with air compressor machine.
Described drier also comprises a driving-chain, drive sleeve unit and moves axially gear unit; Described drive sleeve unit comprises drive sleeve and bearing, and the Internal and external cycle of described bearing is close-fitting in the rotating shaft of feeding auger and in the corresponding endoporus of described drive sleeve list respectively, drive sleeve with described in move axially gear unit and be connected.
The described gear unit that moves axially is a crank connecting link gear unit, and described crank connecting link gear unit comprises crank and connecting rod, and drive sleeve and described crank are hinged; Described driving-chain comprises driving pair and driven pair, and described driven pair is connected in the rotating shaft of feeding auger.
The described gear unit that moves axially is a crank connecting link gear unit, and described crank connecting link gear unit comprises crank and connecting rod, and drive sleeve and described crank are hinged; Described driving-chain comprises driving pair and driven pair, and described driven pair is connected in the rotating shaft of feeding auger.
Described drying plate has some layers, along the axial distribution of described feeding auger, in drying box and be centered around feeding auger week side, establishes some passages that have on each dry plate.
Described refrigerant pipe is distributed on every layer of drying plate and is connected with heating power supply with corresponding compressor respectively with heating tube.
Described drying box bottom is provided with discharging opening facing to feeding auger end, discharging opening place is provided with discharge valve, described discharge valve comprises valve seat and spool, valve core rotation is connected in valve seat, the circumference of valve seat and spool is respectively equipped with uniform discharging opening, spool two described in form striker plate between discharging opening.
The flour milling of described upper millstone is a conical surface, and the conical surface is provided with the pusher groove that the helicoid by two handing-over forms, and the groove width of described pusher groove is narrowed down gradually to center.
The center of described lower millstone is provided with the discharge opening for discharging.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, can realize the continuous-flow type of dry and powder process and produce continuously, meet the manufacturing technique requirent of composite sweetener, and equipment is succinct, and cost is low; And: taste and nutritional labeling that dry run can keep former plant to have, simultaneously fast dry; Crushing process adopts and grinds mode energy continuous-flow type serialization production, more adapts to fructovegetative characteristic and makes crushing process continuous, is convenient to the production of continuous-flow type, and there will not be the situation of dust polluting environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of preparation device of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the top view of the device of preparation shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of drier.
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view of drying machine shown in Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of drive sleeve unit.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that moves axially gear unit being formed by sprocket chain bar.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of auger supporting seat.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the discharge valve of drying box bottom discharge mouth.
Fig. 9 is the C-C face cutaway view of valve shown in Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of disintegrating mechanism.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of lower millstone.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of upper millstone.
Figure 13 is the A-A face cutaway view of upper millstone shown in Figure 12.
as Fig. 1,2, preparation device of the present utility model has a drier 1, and drier 1 lower end connects the disintegrating mechanism 2 of below by pipeline 4, and the below of disintegrating mechanism 2 arranges mixed organization 3, and both are communicated with by pipeline 4.
Above-mentioned drier 1 can have a circular drying box 110 referring to Fig. 3,4, and drying box upper end is provided with upper cover 105, this upper cover 105 is provided with charging aperture, charging aperture upper end connects a hopper 106, and support 103 is set on hopper 106, and support 103 is for supporting feeding auger 104.Therefore, two corresponding positions on support 103 arrange respectively bearing block 117, and supporting-point is not limited to 2 places certainly, for increasing feeding auger 104 rigidity, can increase more supporting-point.Feeding auger 104 by comprising, the pulley transmission mechanism transmission forming of drive pulley 103, driven belt pulley 102 and belt 101, wherein driven belt pulley 102 is connected in the rotating shaft of feeding auger 104.Feeding auger 104 rotates under above-mentioned pulley transmission mechanism transmission, and the crank connecting link gear unit being comprised of crank 501 and connecting rod 502 drives feeding auger 104 to do axial movement, wherein crank 501 is driven by corresponding stepper motor 505, and connecting rod 502 is connected with the rotating shaft of feeding auger 104 by drive sleeve unit 503.
As Fig. 5, drive sleeve unit 503 has drive sleeve 5031 and bearing 5032, and bearing 5032 is by inner ring close-fitting on feeding auger 104, and its outer ring close-fitting is in the endoporus of drive sleeve 5031, under pulley transmission mechanism transmission, can realize the required rotation of feeding auger 104 and move axially like this.
Certainly, the transmission of feeding auger 104 is not limited to the corresponding transmission of above-mentioned pulley transmission mechanism and crank connecting link gear unit, for example, also can adopt sprocket wheel chain-driving feeding auger 104 to rotate; With the rack-and-pinion gear unit with gear 602, tooth bar 601 and Connection Block 603 formation as shown in Figure 6, drive feeding auger 104 to axially move.Connection Block 603 in this gear unit is connected in the drive sleeve 5031 of above-mentioned drive sleeve unit 503, and tooth bar 601 is connected on Connection Block 603.Moving axially of feeding auger 104, realizes with the engaged transmission of tooth bar 601 by gear 602 rotations and gear 602.
For adapting to the motion of feeding auger 104, the setting of the bearing block 117 of two supportings place is as Fig. 7, and feeding auger 104 is bearing on axle sleeve 1142 by bearing 1411, and axle sleeve 1142 is slidably connected to bearing block 117.
Drying box 110 inner chambers arrange five layers of drying plate 112 by axial direction, and drying plate 112 is annular, which is provided with passage 117, are fixed on the inner chamber of drying box by drying plate support 113.Downside at every layer of drying plate 112 is distributed with refrigerant pipe 108 and heating tube 109, and wherein refrigerant pipe 108 circularizes distribution.Refrigerant pipe 108 is connected with heating power supply with the refrigeration machine that is arranged on drying box 110 outsides respectively with heating tube 109.In order to make moisture in material produce the solid-state distillation to liquid in freeze drying, drying box 110 is connected with vavuum pump 118 by corresponding aspirating hole (not shown).
Drying box 110 bottom centre positions are provided with discharging opening, so that dried material is discharged.The switching of discharging opening is completed by the discharge valve 115 that is arranged on discharging opening place, and referring to Fig. 8,9, discharge valve 115 is mainly formed and driven by stepper motor 114 by valve seat 1151 and spool 1152.Valve seat 1151 is fixedly connected on the described discharging opening place of drying box 110 bottoms, spool 1152 is sheathed on valve seat 1151 inner sides and can rotates relative to valve seat 1151, the circumference of valve seat and spool is respectively equipped with identical and uniform several discharging openings 11511, 11521, between two discharging openings of spool, form backgauge face 11522, valve closing is the position of spool while turning to the discharging opening 11511 on backgauge face 11522 positive alignment valve seats under driven by motor, when backgauge face 11522 is not all valve open state when aiming at valve seat top discharge mouth 11511 position, when backgauge face 11522 does not block discharging opening 11511 completely, valve is in maximum open mode.
For the ease of material in drying box 110, discharge, at the sidewall of drying box 110, be provided with the air admission hole 107 entering for pressed gas, air compressor machine 121 is connected with this pore 107 by corresponding pipeline.
Feeding auger 104 is placed in the center of annular drying plate, makes drying plate be centered around feeding auger week side.Under pulley transmission mechanism transmission, feeding auger 104 moves down while rotating, and the material in hopper is from top to bottom delivered on each layer of drying plate 112.Cover plate 105 downsides of drying box 110 upper ends are provided with sealed door 111 corresponding to the position of discharging opening, and this sealed door 111 is plugged on cover plate 105.After having sent material, described pulley transmission mechanism rotates backward transmission feeding auger 104, and feeding auger 104 moves up, and shifts out drying box 110, sealed door 111 closures.
For the ease of being dried of material, some passages 117 are set on above-mentioned drying plate, a kind of preferred scheme is that passage distributes ringwise.
As Figure 10, the bottom that disintegrating mechanism 2 has a pulverizing cavity 208, this pulverizing cavity 205 arranges a lower millstone 205, referring to Figure 11, lower millstone 205 center is provided with flour opening 2051, one upper millstone 204 corresponding to lower millstone 205 is placed in the top of lower millstone 205 and is rotationally connected with on mill support 203, mill support is arranged at pulverizes cavity 208 1 sides, referring to figure, and 12,13.
The mill entering between upper lower millstone for ease of material to be pulverized is pressed space, the flour milling of upper millstone 204 2041 is designed to a conical surface for tapering slightly, about 2-5 degree, and pusher groove 2041 is set on flour milling, the groove sidewall of this pusher groove is formed by the helicoid 2042 of two handing-over, the groove width of pusher groove 2041 is narrowed down gradually, until join in mill 204 center to center.Material is constantly pushed mill center under the effect of pusher groove groove sidewall like this, and because the flour milling 2041 of upper millstone is with tapering, in the process to central motion, the spacing of two mills reduces gradually, material is ground to press to be pulverized, and forms powder, by the flour opening at lower millstone 205 centers, is discharged.
During the work of the utility model device, under the driving of belt belt pulley gear unit with driven pulley 102, belt 101, drive feeding auger 104 to rotate, plant material in hopper 106 is delivered on each layer of drying plate 112, and material paves on drying plate 112, completes charging.After having feeded, feeding auger 104 moves up under the drive of crank connecting link gear unit 5 or rack-and-pinion gear unit 6, leave drying box 110, the sealed door 111 of drying box upper end is closed, refrigeration machine 119 is opened, plant material in drying box is carried out below freezing freezing, after freezing end, opening vavuum pump 118 vacuumizes, 120 pairs of heating tube energisings of heating power supply, make dry the temperature inside the box a little more than room temperature, after dry end, valve 115 is opened, air compressor machine 121 is opened and enters drying box 110 inner chambers by air admission hole 107 simultaneously, compressed-air actuated, blow discharge under help.
Dried material enters the lower millstone 205 of disintegrating mechanism 2 through pipeline 4, thereby belt 201 drives belt pulley 202 to rotate drives upper millstone 204 to rotate, helicla flute on upper millstone 204 is brought material into the district that mills and is milled, and the material after milling is exported by the discharging opening of lower millstone.
The fruit plant of processing through the utility model device, for example blueberry can keep distinctive taste preferably, and whole manufacturing process can realize the serialization production of flowing water.

Claims (10)

1. a processing unit (plant) for pure plant powder, is characterized in that comprising drier and disintegrating mechanism, and described drier passes through the mutual UNICOM of corresponding pipeline with disintegrating mechanism; Described drier comprise be provided with the drying box of charging aperture vacuum-pumping, along the vertical feeding auger of placing of described drying box charging aperture and be placed in drying plate, refrigerant pipe and the heating tube in drying box; Described disintegrating mechanism comprises a pulverizing cavity, be placed in the lower millstone of described pulverizing cavity inside bottom and be rotatably connected on the upper millstone of described lower millstone top.
2. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, on described drying box charging aperture, feed hopper is set, described feed hopper is provided with support, and described feeding auger is supported on support and can be moved up and down along supporting place by least two place's bearings on described support; Drying box sidewall is provided with the aspirating hole being communicated with the air exhauster vacuumizing and the air admission hole being communicated with air compressor machine.
3. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described drier also comprises a driving-chain, drive sleeve unit and moves axially gear unit; Described drive sleeve unit comprises drive sleeve and bearing, and the Internal and external cycle of described bearing is close-fitting in the rotating shaft of feeding auger and in the corresponding endoporus of described drive sleeve list respectively, drive sleeve with described in move axially gear unit and be connected.
4. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 3, described in it is characterized in that, moving axially gear unit is a crank connecting link gear unit, and described crank connecting link gear unit comprises crank and connecting rod, and drive sleeve and described crank are hinged; Described driving-chain comprises driving pair and driven pair, and described driven pair is connected in the rotating shaft of feeding auger.
5. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 3, described in it is characterized in that, moving axially gear unit is a rack-and-pinion gear unit, described rack-and-pinion gear unit comprises pitch wheel, tooth bar and Connection Block, described Connection Block is connected in the drive sleeve of described drive sleeve unit, and tooth bar is on Connection Block.
6. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 4, is characterized in that described drying plate has some layers, along the axial distribution of described feeding auger, in drying box and be centered around feeding auger week side, establishes some passages that have on each dry plate.
7. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 5, is characterized in that described refrigerant pipe and heating tube are distributed on every layer of drying plate and are connected with heating power supply with corresponding compressor respectively.
8. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described drying box bottom is provided with discharging opening facing to feeding auger end, discharging opening place is provided with discharge valve, described discharge valve comprises valve seat and spool, valve core rotation is connected in valve seat, the circumference of valve seat and spool is respectively equipped with uniform discharging opening, spool two described in form striker plate between discharging opening.
9. the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder according to claim 1, the flour milling that it is characterized in that described upper millstone is a conical surface, and the conical surface is provided with the pusher groove that the helicoid by two handing-over forms, and the groove width of described pusher groove is narrowed down gradually to center.
10. according to the processing unit (plant) of a kind of pure plant powder described in claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that the center of described lower millstone is provided with the discharge opening for discharging.
CN201320820116.0U 2013-12-14 2013-12-14 Processing device for plant powder Withdrawn - After Issue CN203874871U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320820116.0U CN203874871U (en) 2013-12-14 2013-12-14 Processing device for plant powder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320820116.0U CN203874871U (en) 2013-12-14 2013-12-14 Processing device for plant powder

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103639029A (en) * 2013-12-14 2014-03-19 周伯雅 Plant powder processing device
CN104668074A (en) * 2015-02-17 2015-06-03 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Pulverized coal dryer
CN106475198A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-08 贵州遵义新佳裕食品有限公司 Fructus Capsici beat powder device
CN108325617A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 马奔腾 A kind of pharmaceutical pearl grinding system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103639029A (en) * 2013-12-14 2014-03-19 周伯雅 Plant powder processing device
CN104668074A (en) * 2015-02-17 2015-06-03 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 Pulverized coal dryer
CN104668074B (en) * 2015-02-17 2017-04-05 无锡昊瑜节能环保设备有限公司 A kind of coal dust exsiccator
CN106475198A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-08 贵州遵义新佳裕食品有限公司 Fructus Capsici beat powder device
CN108325617A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-27 马奔腾 A kind of pharmaceutical pearl grinding system

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RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
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Granted publication date: 20141015

Effective date of abandoning: 20150617