CN203866164U - Filter-cloth-free perpendicular-compression high-pressure sludge dehydrator - Google Patents

Filter-cloth-free perpendicular-compression high-pressure sludge dehydrator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203866164U
CN203866164U CN201420080401.8U CN201420080401U CN203866164U CN 203866164 U CN203866164 U CN 203866164U CN 201420080401 U CN201420080401 U CN 201420080401U CN 203866164 U CN203866164 U CN 203866164U
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China
Prior art keywords
mud
dewatering
dehydration
dehydration ring
filter
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CN201420080401.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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宋营
沈婷
任国玺
宋亚恒
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LUOYANG GAOTAN MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LUOYANG GAOTAN MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of sludge treatment and provides a filter-cloth-free perpendicular-compression high-pressure sludge dehydrator. The filter-cloth-free perpendicular-compression high-pressure sludge dehydrator comprises a fed sludge compression mechanism, a dehydration mechanism and a discharging mechanism, wherein the fed sludge compression mechanism comprises a sludge cylinder barrel (2) and a compression oil cylinder (1); the dehydration mechanism is provided with a dehydration cavity formed by upper-and-lower manner arrangement of a plurality of annular dehydration pieces (8); two symmetrically arranged lugs are arranged on each annular dehydration piece (8); every two upper-and-lower adjacent annular dehydration pieces (8) are placed in a crossed manner, so that the plurality of annular dehydration pieces (8) which are arranged in the upper-and-lower manner are divided into two groups; a clearance gasket (12) with the thickness larger than that of each annular dehydration piece is arranged between every two upper-and-lower adjacent annular dehydration pieces (8) in each group; and driving mechanisms for driving the annular dehydration pieces (8) to rotate are arranged. The dehydrator has the characteristics of high dehydration efficiency, long service life and simplicity in operation.

Description

A kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of sludge treatment, is specifically related to a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter.
Background technology
The mud that sewage work produces, conventionally account for 0.5% to 1% of sewage total amount, be accompanied by the increase of sewage quantity, the sludge quantity that sewage disposal produces also increases thereupon, expect national sewage load in 2015 and will reach 55,000,000,000 tons, 3,500 ten thousand tons of dewatered sludge generations.Growing with each passing day of current Chinese sludge creation amount seriously falls behind and forms sharp-pointed contradiction with processing power wretched insufficiency, processing means, and a large amount of wet mud is arbitrarily transported outward, simply landfill or stacking, causes many cities to become " mud besieged city ".For this situation, develop advanced deeply dehydrating sludge technology extremely urgent.
Sludge dewatering is an important link of whole sludge treatment technique, its objective is and makes solid enrichment, reduces sludge volume, for the ultimate disposal of mud creates conditions.For mud liquid phase is separated with solid phase, must overcome the bonding force between them, so the subject matter that sludge dewatering runs into is energy problem.Multi-form for bonding force, the different extraneous measure of autotelic employing can obtain different dehydrating effects.Sludge dewatering and mummification comprise natural-dehydration, mechanical dehydration and several modes of thermal treatment mummification.Time of natural-dehydration is long, efficiency is low, and place resource occupation is serious; The energy consumption of thermal treatment mummification is serious, high cost; These two kinds of modes are difficult to promote on a large scale.General big-and-middle-sized sewage work of China all adopts mechanical dehydration mode to reduce the water ratio of mud at present.
Mechanical sludge dewatering is taking porous material as dehydration medium, using dehydration medium both sides pressure difference as impellent, moisture in mud is forced through dehydration medium, form with filtrate is discharged, solid particulate is trapped within on dehydration medium, become the filter cake (sometimes claiming mud cake) after dehydration, thereby realize the object of sludge dewatering.The method of conventional mechanical sludge dewatering has following three kinds:
(1) vacuum hydro-extraction: press mode (vacuumizing) that moisture in mud is got rid of by pair.
(2) centrifuge dehydration: moisture in mud is got rid of by centrifugal force.
(3) filter-press dehydration: by mechanical presses mode, moisture in mud is extruded, filter-press dehydration includes again belt type filter-pressing dehydration plant, Die Shi filter-press dehydration and filter press dehydration.
The water ratio height of dewatered sludge is relevant with sludge quality and dewatering Principle; Generally, the moisture content of the cake of vacuum hydro-extraction is 70-80%, and centrifuge dehydration is 80-85%; In filter-press dehydration, the moisture content of the cake of belt type filter-pressing dehydration plant is that the moisture content of the cake of 80-85%, Die Shi filter-press dehydration is 80-85%; The moisture content of the cake of filter press dehydration is 50-80%.
Before within 2012, national regulation Sludge landfill is disposed, water ratio must be down to below 60%, and before burning disposal, water ratio must be down to below 50%; Visible sludge vacuum dehydration, centrifuge dehydration all do not reach landfill and burn the requirement to moisture percentage in sewage sludge; Although the filter press water extracter dehydrated sludge cake water ratio in filter-press dehydration can reach 50% sometimes, but effect is unstable, and can not automatic discharging in work, need to drop into a large amount of human assistances and carry out mud cake cleaning, filter cloth needs often cleaning, changes, and running cost is higher, and level of automation is very low, complicated operation, inefficiency.
utility model contentthe purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter, and can solve in current deeply dehydrating sludge process can not automatic discharging, filter cloth needs that often cleaning is changed, running cost is higher, level of automation is low, the problem of complicated operation, inefficiency.
The utility model adopts following technical scheme for completing above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter, described no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter includes feed compressor structure, dewatering device and discharging mechanism setting up and down; Described feed compressor structure includes mud cylinder barrel and compression cylinder; On described mud cylinder barrel, there is the mud mud inlet being connected with external feed system; Described compression cylinder is arranged on mud cylinder barrel top, and the end of compression cylinder outer piston bar is connected with the piston in order to mud compression, and described piston is positioned at mud cylinder barrel and matches with mud cylinder barrel and assemble the feed compressor structure being integrally formed; Described dewatering device is positioned at the bottom of mud cylinder barrel, and is connected with described mud cylinder barrel; Described dewatering device has setting up and down by several dehydration ring plates and connects as one the dewatering cavity forming; The described dewatering cavity being made up of several dehydration ring plates is communicated with mud cylinder barrel and discharging mechanism; Described dewatering device is supported on discharging mechanism by dewatering cavity base; In described dehydration ring plate, there is outwardly directed lug; Described lug in dehydration ring plate is symmetrically arranged two; Neighbouring two dehydration ring plates intersections are placed several dehydration ring plates setting up and down are divided into two groups, the upper and lower corresponding setting of described lug of every group of dehydration ring plate; Between the described lug of every group of neighbouring two dehydration ring plates, be provided with gap pad, and the thickness of gap pad is greater than the thickness of the ring plate of dewater, two neighbouring gaps of dewatering between ring plates form the gap of oozing out in order to muddy water; Described dewatering device is provided with to drive two groups of dehydration ring plates to relatively rotate the driving mechanism of certain angle, described driving mechanism drives dehydration ring plate to rotate, form the long-pending stifled mud between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates is cleared up in real time, ensure the structure in the spilling water gap between neighbouring two dewatering and filtering ring plates; Described discharging mechanism has mud mud mouth and in order to sealing or open the flashboard of mud mud mouth; Between the sidewall of described dewatering cavity base and dewatering cavity, be provided with recoil flushing channel, described recoil flushing channel is connected with external high pressure water circuit by flush-through connection, forms the structure of rinsing between dehydration ring plate and between dehydration ring plate and the sidewall of dewatering cavity base.
The described lug of dehydration ring plate has through hole, and the through hole of the described lug of dehydration ring plate forms connecting hole.
Described gap pad is between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates of every group of dehydration ring plate, and described gap pad is annular gasket, and connects with the connecting hole of dehydration ring plate upper lug by bearing pin, is connected as a single entity with corresponding one group of dehydration ring plate.
Described dewatering cavity bearing includes dewatering cavity base plate and grip block; Described grip block is symmetrically arranged two; Between the arc inner wall that described dehydration ring plate has at two grip blocks, clamped by two described grip blocks, and be seated on dewatering cavity base plate; Described dewatering cavity base plate has through hole; The through hole having on dewatering cavity base plate is connected with the dewatering cavity of dewatering device.
On the inwall of described grip block, there is recoil washing trough, and the recoil washing trough having on two grip blocks is symmetrical arranged; Between the recoil washing trough having on grip block and dewatering cavity, form recoil flushing channel; Described recoil flushing channel is connected with external high pressure water circuit by flush-through connection, and high pressure water is entered in recoil flushing channel by flush-through connection, and the long-pending stifled mud between dehydration ring plate and between dehydration ring plate and grip block is rinsed.
Described mud cylinder barrel is seated on the grip block of dewatering cavity bearing by connecting base plate, and between described connecting base plate and grip block, is provided with adjusting pad II, in order to the gap up and down that ensures connecting base plate and topmost dewater between ring plate at dewatering device; Described adjusting pad II is several.
Described mud mud mouth is made up of the wear ring that has the base of central through hole and be arranged on base; Described wear ring is positioned at dewatering device bottom, and setting corresponding to dewatering device; Be respectively arranged with the back up pad being fixed on base in the both sides of described wear ring; In two described back up pads, be fixed with respectively train wheel bridge and lower plate, between described back up pad and train wheel bridge and lower plate, form the slideway sliding in order to flashboard; Described flashboard is positioned at corresponding slideway; Described flashboard is connected with push cylinder, and under the effect of push cylinder, described flashboard seals mud mud mouth or opens mud mud mouth; Push cylinder can be by Photoelectric Detection to ensure opening completely or closure of mud mud mouth to the push-and-pull action of flashboard.
Described dewatering cavity base plate is seated in back up pad, and between dewatering cavity base plate and back up pad, is provided with adjustment pad III, and in order to produce after wearing and tearing at flashboard, quantity or the thickness of adjusting pad III by adjustment ensure the stopping property between dewatering cavity and flashboard.
Between described back up pad and train wheel bridge, be provided with and adjust pad I, in order to produce after wearing and tearing at flashboard, adjust quantity or the compactness of thickness to ensure that flashboard coordinates up and down between slideway of pad I by adjustment.
Described driving mechanism is one group, and every group is one, described driving mechanism with wherein one group dehydration ring plate one end lug be connected.
Described driving mechanism is two groups, and every group is one, and driving mechanism described in two is connected with the lug of one group of dehydration ring plate one end wherein respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates of dewatering.
Described driving mechanism is two groups, and every group is two, and every group of two described driving mechanism are connected with the lug at one group of dehydration ring plate two ends wherein respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates of dewatering.
Described dewatering device is setting up and down multiple, in order to increase water permeable ability.
In described multiple dewatering devices, each described dewatering device can arrange separately driving mechanism.
In described multiple dewatering devices, two neighbouring dewatering devices can common drive mechanism.
Be cylinder component or cylinder assembly in order to the described driving mechanism that drives dehydration ring plate to rotate.
Between described mud mud inlet and external feed system, be provided with sludge pump, by working hour or the operating pressure of controlling sludge pump, the fill process of sludge pump controlled.
A kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter the utility model proposes, compression cylinder, mud cylinder barrel, dewatering device and discharging mechanism connect and are arranged vertically successively, can regulate according to the character of mud and dehydration water content requirement for the hydraulic fluid pressure compressing, reach as high as 42MPa, in dewatering device, between the lug of every group of dehydration ring plate, be provided with gap pad to ensure the spilling water gap between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates, and the lug of every group of dehydration ring plate is connected with corresponding driving mechanism respectively, clear up the long-pending stifled mud between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates in order to drive every group of dehydration ring plate mutually to rotate, between grip block and dewatering cavity, there is recoil flushing channel, in order to timing clear up between dewatering cavity and grip block, long-pending stifled mud between dehydration ring plate, dewatering device is cleared up without human assistance in the course of the work, never stop up, removed the complex process of general water extracter cleaning, replacing filter cloth from, charging, compression, dehydration and the discharging process of mud all complete by setup program automatically, and whole working cycle can realize automatic control, non-stop run without human assistance, because dewatering pressure is higher than current general sludge press filtration dewatering system, and realized whole-process automatic control, therefore mud extraction water ratio is better than existing products in markets and enough stable, meets the requirement of Sludge landfill or burning, having solved in current deep dehydration system for sludge operational process can not automatic discharging, filter cloth needs that often cleaning is changed, running cost is higher, level of automation is low, the problem of complicated operation, inefficiency, and have without the feature of stopping up, efficiency is high, the life-span is long, be widely used in the sludge treatment engineering of industry and civil sewage treatment system.Following table provides the key property comparison of the sheet frame water extracter that the utility model is suitable with water separation capability.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of dewatering device and discharging mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4-1 is the structural representation of dewatering device in the present invention.
Fig. 4-2 are the side-view of Fig. 4-1.
Fig. 5 is that the A of Fig. 4-1 is to view.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of ring plate assembling of dewatering in the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of discharging mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the vertical view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the first driving mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 10 is the working process schematic diagram of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the second driving mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 12 is the working process schematic diagram of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the third driving mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 14 is the working process schematic diagram of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the 4th kind of driving mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 16 is the working process schematic diagram of Figure 15.
Figure 17 is the first structural representation being connected with driving mechanism after the vertical stack of multilayer dewatering device in the utility model.
Figure 18 is the second structural representation being connected with driving mechanism after the vertical stack of multilayer dewatering device in the utility model.
Figure 19 is working process schematic diagram of the present utility model.
In figure: 1, compression cylinder, 2, mud cylinder barrel, 3, connecting base plate, 4, clean oil cylinder, 5, grip block, 6, fork-join head, 7, bearing pin, 8, dehydration ring plate, 9, flush-through connection, 10, connect bearing pin, 11, bearing, 12, gap pad, 13, train wheel bridge, 14, support, 15, flashboard oil cylinder, 16, flashboard, 17, lower plate, 18, adjust pad I, 19, adjust pad II, 20, back up pad, 21, dewatering cavity base plate, 22, base, 23, wear ring, 24, adjust pad III, A, mud mud inlet, B, mud mud mouth, C, recoil washing trough.
Embodiment
With specific embodiment, the utility model is illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1, and with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter, described no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter includes feed compressor structure, dewatering device and discharging mechanism setting up and down; Described feed compressor structure includes mud cylinder barrel 2 and compression cylinder 1; On described mud cylinder barrel 2, there is the mud mud inlet A being connected with external feed system; Between feed system and mud mud inlet A, be provided with sludge pump, and be furnished with feeding control switch, by working hour or the operating pressure of controlling sludge pump, the fill process of sludge pump is controlled; Described compression cylinder 1 is arranged on mud cylinder barrel 2 tops, the end of compression cylinder 1 outer piston bar is connected with the piston in order to mud compression, and described piston is positioned at mud cylinder barrel 2, the feed compressor structure that the assembling that matches with mud cylinder barrel is integrally formed, in order to compress dehydration to the mud entering in mud cylinder barrel 2; Described compression cylinder 1 can adopt single-stage oil cylinder or multi-stage oil cylinder pattern, has mud compression dehydration and two kinds of functions of mud discharging, more than oil cylinder working-pressure reaches as high as 42MPa; Described mud cylinder barrel 2 is seated on dewatering device by connecting base plate 3, and described dewatering device is connected with described mud cylinder barrel 2, and the mud that makes to enter in mud cylinder barrel 2 enters dewatering device under the effect of compression cylinder 1; In conjunction with Fig. 4-1, Fig. 4-2, described dewatering device has setting up and down by several dehydration ring plates 8 and connects as one the dewatering cavity forming; The described dewatering cavity being made up of several dehydration ring plates 8 is communicated with mud cylinder barrel 2 and discharging mechanism; Described dewatering cavity by dewatering cavity seat supports on discharging mechanism; Described dewatering cavity bearing includes dewatering cavity base plate 21 and grip block 5; Described grip block 5 is symmetrically arranged two and be positioned on dewatering cavity base plate 21; Between the arc inner wall that described dehydration ring plate has at two grip blocks 5 and by two described grip blocks 5, clamp, and be seated on dewatering cavity base plate 21; Described dewatering cavity base plate 21 is for having the rectangle structure of through hole; The through hole having on dewatering cavity base plate 21 is connected with dewatering cavity, and the diameter of dewatering cavity base plate 21 through holes is not less than the intracavity diameter of dewatering cavity; In conjunction with Fig. 5, Fig. 6, has outwardly directed lug and described lug and has through hole formation connecting hole in described dehydration ring plate 8; Described lug in dehydration ring plate 8 is symmetrically arranged two; The interlaced setting of lug of neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8; Neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8 intersections are placed several dehydration ring plates 8 setting up and down are divided into two groups, the upper and lower corresponding setting of described lug of every group of dehydration ring plate 8; Described dehydration ring plate 8 is metal ring plate, in conjunction with Fig. 7, Fig. 8, between the described lug of every group of neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8, be provided with gap pad 12, and the thickness of described gap pad 12 is greater than the thickness of the pad 8 that dewaters, make to there is the gap of oozing out in order to muddy water between two neighbouring dehydration ring plates 8; Described gap pad 12 is between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8 of every group of dehydration ring plate 8, described gap pad 12 is annular gasket, and connect with the connecting hole of dehydration ring plate 8 upper lug by bearing pin 7, be connected as a single entity with corresponding one group of dehydration ring plate 8.In conjunction with Fig. 4, be provided with to drive two groups of dehydration ring plates 8 to relatively rotate the driving mechanism of certain angle, drive dehydration ring plate 8 to rotate for clearing up the long-pending stifled mud between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8, to ensure the unobstructed of spilling water gap by driving mechanism; Driving mechanism action in 2 chargings of mud cylinder barrel, make to keep relatively rotating between neighbouring dehydration ring plate 8, mud between dehydration ring plate 8 is constantly cleared up, and the sludge water content that simultaneously enters into dewatering cavity overflows from the gap between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8; After charging completes, compression cylinder 1 moves the mud entering in mud cylinder barrel 2 is compressed to dehydration, and sludge water content continues to overflow from the gap between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8, and wet mud is pressed into sludge bulking after deep dehydration; If driving mechanism moves in compression dehydration simultaneously, can make the sludge water content in dewatering cavity fully overflow; As shown in Figure 15,16, in this embodiment, described driving mechanism is two groups, and every group is two; Two groups of four described driving mechanisms are connected with the lug at two groups of dehydration ring plate 8 two ends respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of dehydration ring plates 8; Described driving mechanism is for clean oil cylinder 4, clean oil cylinder 4 is fixed on the sidewall of grip block 5 by bearing pin 10 and bearing 11, and the piston rod that cleans oil cylinder 4 is connected with the connecting hole on dehydration ring plate 8 lugs by bearing pin 7, fork-join head 6; Drive every group of dehydration ring plate to rotate by clean oil cylinder 4, for clearing up the long-pending stifled mud between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates 8, to ensure the unobstructed of spilling water gap;
As Fig. 1, Fig. 4-1, shown in Fig. 4-2, described mud cylinder barrel 2 is seated in by connecting base plate 3 on the grip block 5 of dewatering cavity bearing, and between connecting base plate 3 and grip block 5, be provided with some adjustment pad II 19, in the time that dewatering cavity rotates with respect to dewatering cavity base plate 21, can be because friction produces wearing and tearing between the undermost dehydration ring plate 8 of dewatering cavity and dewatering cavity base plate 21, described dewatering cavity is sunk, cause the gap between connecting base plate 3 and dewatering cavity to become large, in order to ensure the gap up and down between connecting base plate 3 and dewatering cavity, can reduce quantity or the thickness of adjusting pad II 19.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, described discharging mechanism has mud mud mouth B and in order to sealing or open the flashboard 16 of mud mud mouth B; Described mud mud mouth B has the base 22 of through hole by center and the wear ring 23 being arranged on base forms; Described wear ring 23 is positioned at dewatering cavity base plate 21 bottoms, and setting corresponding to dewatering device; The both sides of described wear ring 23 are respectively arranged with on the upper and lower end face of 20, the two described back up pads 20 of back up pad that are fixed on base 22 and are fixed with respectively train wheel bridge 13 and lower plate 17; Between described train wheel bridge 13 and lower plate 17, form the slideway sliding in order to flashboard 16; Described flashboard 16 is positioned at corresponding slideway; Described flashboard 16 is connected with the piston rod of push cylinder 15 outsides, and described push cylinder 15 is fixed on the support 14 being connected with back up pad 20; Under the effect of push cylinder 15, described flashboard 16 slides into and between wear ring 23 and dewatering cavity base plate 21, seals mud mud mouth B; In the process of charging and compression dehydration, described flashboard 16 seals mud mud mouth B; After compression dehydration completes, open flashboard 16, described mud mud mouth B is connected with dewatering cavity, and the sludge bulking after deep dehydration is discharged through mud mud mouth B.
As shown in Figure 7,8, between described dewatering cavity base plate 21 and back up pad 20, be provided with some adjustment pad III 24, and the upper surface of adjusting pad III 24 is concordant with the upper surface of flashboard 16, in the push-and-pull process of flashboard 16, between flashboard 16 and wear ring 23, produce wearing and tearing because friction is mutual, flashboard 16 is sunk, cause the gap of the upper surface of flashboard 16 and the lower surface of dewatering cavity base plate 21 to increase, adjust quantity or the thickness of pad III 24 by minimizing and realize the stopping property between dewatering cavity base plate 21 and flashboard 16.
As shown in Figure 7,8, between described back up pad 20 and train wheel bridge 13, be provided with some adjustment pad I 18, in the push-and-pull process of flashboard 16, between flashboard 16 and lower plate 17, produce wearing and tearing because friction is mutual, flashboard 16 is sunk, cause the gap of the lower surface of flashboard 16 upper surfaces and train wheel bridge 13 to increase, can adjust the quantity of pad I 18 or the compactness that thickness guarantee flashboard 16 coordinates between slideway by minimizing.
As shown in Fig. 4-1, Fig. 4-2, on the inwall of described grip block 5, there is recoil washing trough C, and the recoil washing trough C having on two grip blocks is symmetrical arranged; Between the recoil washing trough C having on grip block 5 and dewatering cavity, form recoil flushing channel; Described recoil flushing channel is connected with external high pressure water circuit by flush-through connection 9, high pressure water is entered in recoil flushing channel, to rinsing between dehydration ring plate 8 and between dehydration ring plate 8 and grip block 5 by flush-through connection 9; Recoil cleaning process is arranged on after sludge bulking discharge, close flashboard 16 and make mud mud mouth B sealing, in recoil cleaning process, clean oil cylinder 4 moves, two groups of dehydration ring plates 8 are relatively rotated, the long-pending mud that blocks up between cleaning dehydration ring plate 8, between dehydration ring plate 8 and dewatering cavity bearing sidewall.
As shown in Figure 9, Figure 10, described driving mechanism is one group, and every group is one, described driving mechanism with wherein one group dehydration ring plate one end lug be connected.
As shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, described driving mechanism is two groups, and every group is one, and two driving mechanisms are connected with the lug of two groups of dehydration ring plate one end respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates of dewatering.
As shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, described driving mechanism is two groups, and every group is one, and two driving mechanisms are connected with the lug of two groups of dehydration ring plate one end respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates of dewatering.
As shown in figure 17, for the dewatering device increasing described in water permeable ability can be setting up and down multiple, in multiple described dewatering devices, each described dewatering device can arrange separately driving mechanism, or, as shown in figure 18, in described multiple dewatering devices, the dewatering device described in neighbouring two also can common drive mechanism.
In conjunction with Figure 19, the concrete steps of utilizing above-mentioned no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter to carry out sludge dewatering are as follows:
1) first the wet mud in feed system is carried out to pre-treatment, improve wet dewatering performance of sludge;
2) the wet mud of processing through step 1) is sent into mud cylinder barrel 2 by the mud mud inlet A of mud cylinder barrel, simultaneously, start clean oil cylinder 4, two groups of dehydration ring plates 8 are relatively rotated, because there is precompression in the course of conveying of mud, in fill process, there is part filtrate to overflow to both sides from the gap between dehydration ring plate 8, wet mud is carried out to preliminary hydro-extraction;
3) when the work of sludge pump reaches default pressure or after the time, the interior mud of mud cylinder barrel 2 is full of on request, sludge pump stops feeding, and according to the difference of sludge quality and dehydration rate requirement, clean oil cylinder 4 can quit work or work on simultaneously;
4) compression cylinder 1 is worked, mud in mud cylinder barrel 2 is compressed, continue to make sludge water content to overflow to both sides by the gap between dehydration ring plate 8, wet mud is carried out to deep dehydration, when the work of compression cylinder 1 reaches default pressure or stops compression after the time, so far complete the dehydration work of mud;
5) push cylinder 15 is worked, and pulls flashboard 16 to open mud mud mouth B, compression cylinder 1 task again, clod after dehydration is released from mud mud mouth B, then the piston rod return of compression cylinder 1, push cylinder 15 is worked, and promotes flashboard 16 and closes mud mud mouth B;
6) pressure water route enters in recoil flushing channel by flush-through connection 9, to rinsing between dehydration ring plate 8 and between dehydration ring plate 8 and grip block 5; Clean oil cylinder 4 push-and-pull repeatedly simultaneously, cleans out the long-pending stifled mud between dehydration ring plate 8, completes a working cycle.
In the course of the work, dehydration ring plate 8 contacts with mud and can produce wearing and tearing, dehydration gap between neighbouring dehydration ring plate 8 is increased, and the thickness of adjusting the gap pad 12 between dehydration ring plate 8 will ensure the reasonable clearance dewatering between ring plate 8 work-ing life that extends dehydration ring plate 8.

Claims (10)

1. a no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter, is characterized in that: described no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter includes feed compressor structure, dewatering device and discharging mechanism setting up and down; Described feed compressor structure includes mud cylinder barrel (2) and compression cylinder (1); On described mud cylinder barrel (2), there is the mud mud inlet A being connected with external feed system; Described compression cylinder (1) is arranged on mud cylinder barrel (2) top, the end of compression cylinder (1) outer piston bar is connected with the piston in order to mud compression, and described piston is positioned at mud cylinder barrel (2) and matches with mud cylinder barrel and assemble the charging compression set being integrally formed; Described dewatering device is positioned at the bottom of mud cylinder barrel (2), and is connected with described mud cylinder barrel (1); Described dewatering device has setting up and down by several dehydration ring plates (8) and connects as one the dewatering cavity of formation; The described dewatering cavity being made up of several dehydration ring plates is communicated with mud cylinder barrel and discharging mechanism; Described dewatering device by dewatering cavity seat supports on discharging mechanism; In described dehydration ring plate (8), there is outwardly directed lug; Described lug in dehydration ring plate is symmetrically arranged two; Neighbouring two dehydration ring plates intersections are placed several dehydration ring plates setting up and down are divided into two groups, the upper and lower corresponding setting of described lug of every group of dehydration ring plate (8); Between the described lug of every group of neighbouring two dehydration pads, be provided with gap pad (12), and the thickness of gap pad (12) is greater than the thickness of the pad that dewaters, be provided with to drive two groups of dehydration ring plates to relatively rotate the driving mechanism of certain angle, described driving mechanism drives dehydration ring plate to rotate, form the long-pending stifled mud between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates is cleared up in real time, ensure the structure in the spilling water gap between neighbouring two dewatering and filtering ring plates; Described discharging mechanism has mud mud mouth B and in order to sealing or open the flashboard (16) of mud mud mouth; Between the sidewall of described dewatering cavity base and dewatering cavity, be provided with recoil flushing channel, described recoil flushing channel is connected with external high pressure water circuit by flush-through connection, forms the structure of rinsing between dehydration ring plate and between dehydration ring plate and the sidewall of dewatering cavity base.
2. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described lug of dehydration ring plate (8) has through hole, and the through hole of the described lug of dehydration ring plate (8) forms connecting hole.
3. according to claim 1 oneplant no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter, it is characterized in that: described gap pad (12) is positioned between neighbouring two dehydration ring plates (8) of every group of dehydration ring plate (8), described gap pad (12) is annular gasket, and connect with the connecting hole of dehydration ring plate (8) upper lug by bearing pin (7), be connected as a single entity with corresponding one group of dehydration ring plate (8).
4. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dewatering cavity bearing includes dewatering cavity base plate (21) and grip block (5); Described grip block (5) is symmetrically arranged two; Described dehydration ring plate is positioned between the arc inner wall that two grip blocks (5) have by two described grip blocks (5) clamping, and is seated on dewatering cavity base plate (21); Described dewatering cavity base plate (21) has through hole; The through hole having on dewatering cavity base plate (21) is connected with the dewatering cavity of dewatering device.
5. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 4, is characterized in that: on the inwall of described grip block (5), have recoil washing trough C, and the recoil washing trough C having on two grip blocks (5) is symmetrical arranged; Between the recoil washing trough C having on grip block (5) and dewatering cavity, form recoil flushing channel.
6. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described mud mud mouth B is made up of the wear ring (23) that has the base (22) of central through hole and be arranged on base (22); Described wear ring (23) is positioned at dewatering device bottom, and setting corresponding to dewatering device; The both sides of described wear ring (23) are respectively arranged with the back up pad (20) being fixed on base (22), are fixed with respectively train wheel bridge (13) and lower plate (17) in two described back up pads (20); Between described train wheel bridge (13) and lower plate (17), form the slideway sliding in order to flashboard (16); Described flashboard (16) is positioned at corresponding slideway; Described flashboard (16) is connected with push cylinder (15), is formed under the effect of flashboard oil cylinder (15), and described flashboard (16) seals mud mud mouth B or opens the structure of mud mud mouth B.
7. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 6, is characterized in that: between described back up pad (20) and train wheel bridge (13), be provided with to adjust the adjustment pad I (18) that coordinates compactness between flashboard and slideway; It is upper that described dewatering cavity base plate (21) is seated in back up pad (20), and in the adjustment pad III (24) that is provided with to ensure stopping property between dewatering cavity base plate (21) and flashboard (16) between dewatering cavity base plate (21) and back up pad (20).
8. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the grip block (5) that described mud cylinder barrel is seated in dewatering cavity bearing by connecting base plate (3) is upper, and between described connecting base plate (3) and grip block (5), be provided with to ensure connecting base plate and the adjusting pad II (19) in gap up and down of dewatering in dewatering device the top between ring plate; Described adjusting pad II (19) is several.
9. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described driving mechanism is one group, and every group is one, described driving mechanism with wherein one group dehydration ring plate (8) one end lug be connected; Or described driving mechanism is two groups, every group is one, and driving mechanism described in two is connected with the lug of one group of dehydration ring plate (8) one end wherein respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates (8) of dewatering; Or described driving mechanism is two groups, every group is two, and every group of two described driving mechanism are connected with the lug at one group of dehydration ring plate two ends wherein respectively, the direction of rotation of two groups of ring plates of dewatering.
10. a kind of no filter-fabric vertical compression sludge high-pressure water extracter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dewatering device is setting up and down multiple; In described multiple dewatering devices, each described dewatering device arranges separately driving mechanism; Or, in described multiple dewatering devices, two neighbouring dewatering device common drive mechanisms.
CN201420080401.8U 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Filter-cloth-free perpendicular-compression high-pressure sludge dehydrator Withdrawn - After Issue CN203866164U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103803773A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-21 洛阳高坦机械技术有限公司 Filter cloth-free vertical compression sludge high-pressure dewatering machine
CN111606539A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-01 天津市丽碧朗环保科技有限公司 High-pressure sludge dewatering method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103803773A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-21 洛阳高坦机械技术有限公司 Filter cloth-free vertical compression sludge high-pressure dewatering machine
CN111606539A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-01 天津市丽碧朗环保科技有限公司 High-pressure sludge dewatering method

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