CN203866157U - Integrated baffle type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic membrane filtration high-concentration organic wastewater treatment device - Google Patents

Integrated baffle type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic membrane filtration high-concentration organic wastewater treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203866157U
CN203866157U CN201420268871.7U CN201420268871U CN203866157U CN 203866157 U CN203866157 U CN 203866157U CN 201420268871 U CN201420268871 U CN 201420268871U CN 203866157 U CN203866157 U CN 203866157U
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China
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upflowing
pond
anoxic
aerobic
membrane filtration
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420268871.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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李睿
张建昆
黄浩
赵昌爽
刘自强
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Xuzhou University of Technology
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Xuzhou University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an integrated baffle type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic membrane filtration high-concentration organic wastewater treatment device. The integrated baffle type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic membrane filtration high-concentration organic wastewater treatment device mainly comprises a sewage pool, a one-way flow type ABR (Anaerobic Baffled Reactor), an up-flow type anoxic pool with a stirrer, an up-flow type aerobic pool, a sedimentation pool, an up-flow type MF (Micro-filtration Membrane Filtration) pool and the like, wherein fillers in two reaction pools (19 and 21) are elastic fillers; an annular micro-pore aeration device is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the pool (21), so that water flow can be in a fluidized state, microorganisms, the water flow and the air are in full contact with one another, and nitration, phosphorus accumulation and full degradation on organic pollutants are realized. According to the device, the process advantages of an ABR (anaerobic baffled reactor) process, a biological membrane method, an A<2>/O (anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic) process, an MF process and the like are combined. The device has the advantages of stable effluent quality, good simplicity in operation and management, small occupied area, low operating cost and the like.

Description

A kind of integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, is specifically related to ABR technique, biomembrance process, A 2/ O technique, MF(micro-filtrate membrane filtration) technique such as the technique integrated treatment unit that combines, belong to industrial wastewater treatment device.
Background technology
High concentrated organic wastewater is large to the pollution level of environment water, and intractability is higher, is one of difficult problem in domestic and international environmental protection research field.At present, the treatment process of high concentrated organic wastewater mainly contains materialization treatment process and biological treatment.Materialization treatment process is that Applied Physics chemical action and principle thereof are converted into innoxious substance by the pollutant component in waste water, and the method that waste water is purified, as chemical oxidization method and membrane separation process etc.; Biological treatment is to utilize pollution substance in microbiological deterioration water as self nutrition and the energy, the method that makes waste water be purified simultaneously.The main method that biological process is processed high concentrated organic wastewater has anaerobic biological treatment, aerobe to process.
Yet, for processing, high concentrated organic wastewater adopt single a certain sewage water treatment method can not meet the demands, and develop efficient combined treatment technology and seem particularly important.The methods such as anaerobic biological treatment, aerobe processing, materialization processing are combined, can effectively improve the stability of biodegradability, capacity of resisting impact load and the effluent quality of dirty waste water.The utility model is by ABR technique, A 2the techniques such as/O technique, biomembrance process, membrane filtration combine, a kind of novel all-in-one treatment unit that can process high concentrated organic wastewater is provided, efficiently solves that high concentrated organic wastewater poor processing effect, shock-resistant ability are low, the unsettled problem of effluent quality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for the problem such as high concentrated organic wastewater poor processing effect, effluent quality be unstable, and a kind of ABR, biomembrance process, A are provided 2/ O, MF(micro-filtrate membrane filtration) etc. combination integrated apparatus, this device can effectively improve treatment effect and effluent quality.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
Integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit comprises: sewage lagoon, water inlet system, unidirectional streaming ABR reactor, upflowing anoxic pond, upflowing Aerobic Pond, settling tank, upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond, outlet system and mud are discharged system.The feature of this device is through the standing processing of sewage lagoon, waste water enters unidirectional streaming ABR reactor by water inlet pipe from left end, the unidirectional plug-flow of alternatively up and down, unidirectional streaming ABR reactor filler used is the mixing material of polyolefine and polymeric amide, except water inlet pipe, what be connected with unidirectional streaming ABR reactor has shore pipe, a venting port, in order to get rid of the materials such as the microbial film that comes off (mud) that treating processes anaerobism produces, small solid impurity, methane gas; Water outlet, by the overflow of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor right-hand member, enters upflowing anoxic pond along flow deflector, after anaerobic treatment, along flow deflector, by bottom, enters upflowing Aerobic Pond; The filler of filling in upflowing Aerobic Pond is the elastic filler identical with unidirectional streaming ABR reactor, and two annular microporous aeration devices have been arranged in upflowing Aerobic Pond bottom, and lower end is provided with perforated baffle, in order to stationary annular microporous aeration device; Water outlet enters settling tank by upflowing Aerobic Pond top through flow deflector, supernatant liquor after precipitation enters upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond, several microporous filtrations in pond, have been arranged, microporous filtration adopts hollow-fibre membrane, what be connected with upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond has filtered liquid rising pipe, filters waste liquid rising pipe, film pressure table has been installed filtering on waste liquid rising pipe; Mud discharging mouth is established in settling tank bottom, V-arrangement mud discharging mouth (angle is 145 °) is all established in upflowing anoxic pond, upflowing Aerobic Pond bottom, with a common total shore pipe, connect settling tank, upflowing anoxic pond and upflowing Aerobic Pond, the microbial film that each reaction tank is come off, impurity sedimentation thing enter sludge sump.
The unidirectional streaming ABR reactor of lateral arrangement is placed in to upper strata and processes initial water inlet, shore pipe and venting port are arranged in unidirectional streaming ABR reactor side, and water outlet is along the vertical water conservancy diversion of flow deflector.
Adopt elastic filler as weighting material, elastic filler is the mixing material of polyolefine and polymeric amide, cube structure, suspension type, fixedly the device of filler can adopt that nylon rope etc. is tough and tensile and hardness is high, erosion resistance is strong, the material of cheap, easy construction; The filling ratio of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor is 80%-90%, and the filling ratio of upflowing Aerobic Pond is 70%-80%; For the microporous filtration filtering, adopt hollow-fibre membrane, material is blend fiber ester.
In upflowing Aerobic Pond bottom, adopt annular microporous aeration device to carry out aeration, annular microporous aeration device is arranged in the symmetrical place of bottom centre, and during aeration, air-flow drives current evenly to rotate up mobile.
By dividing plate, each reaction tank is segmented in region separately, the processing of waste water is carried out regularly by certain step, allow waste water be processed fully in each reaction tank.
The advantage that the utility model has is compared with prior art:
1. this device combines multiple conventional waste water treatment process, novel structure, compactness, and connection and reasonable arrangement, easy and simple to handle, work safety is stable, has improved the stability of effluent quality, has saved the energy consumption of processing and the expense of day-to-day operation.2. filler adopts the mixing material with polyolefine and polymeric amide, specific surface area greatly, not conglomeration, do not stop up, long service life, can improve oxygen transfer rate,, also reusable, normal operation is easy, adaptable.The filler of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor adopts one-sided fixed, the filler of upflowing Aerobic Pond is shaft fixed in adopting, these two kinds of decoration forms are floated and fixed good combination, the contact area of air, microbial film, current can be increased again preventing that microbial film from flowing when coming off, treatment effect can be improved.3. sludge discharge is few, has good biochemical.In unidirectional streaming ABR reactor, anaerobic process can be the material of small molecules and easy degraded by the material decomposition of macromolecular substance and difficult degradation, also can carry out part denitrification, organic waste water poisonous, difficult degradation is had to good treatment effect simultaneously; Under the anoxia condition of upflowing anoxic pond, fully carry out denitrification denitrogenation, under the aerobic condition in upflowing Aerobic Pond, to upflowing anoxic pond, the effects such as nitrated, degraded are carried out in water outlet, further improve effluent quality; Biomembranous biophase is when abundant, and reaction tank moves under long mud, and sludge discharge is few.4. the effect of processing organic waste water and denitrogenation dephosphorizing is remarkable, can process the organic waste water of middle and high concentration difficult degradation or the sanitary sewage of middle and high concentration, thereby the range of application of this device is very extensive.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is agent structure diagrammatic cross-section of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is P-P schematic cross-section of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is H-H schematic cross-section of the present utility model.
In figure: 1, sewage lagoon, 2, sump pump, 3, valve, 4, water inlet pipe, 5, shore pipe, 6, venting port, 7, mechanical stirrer, 8, perforated baffle, 9, annular microporous aeration device, 10, elastic filler, 11, film filter, 12, filtered liquid rising pipe, 13, film pressure table, 14, filter waste liquid rising pipe, 15, total shore pipe, 16, sludge sump, 17, return line import, 18, return line outlet, 19, unidirectional streaming ABR reactor, 20, upflowing anoxic pond, 21, upflowing Aerobic Pond, 22, settling tank, 23, upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond.
Embodiment
As shown in drawings, the integrated folding baffle plate type of the utility model anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit is comprised of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19, upflowing anoxic pond 20, upflowing Aerobic Pond 21, settling tank 22, main reaction pond, 23 5, upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond and sewage lagoon 1, a sludge thickener 16.First sewage enter sewage lagoon 1 after standing processing, under the effect of sump pump 2, by water inlet pipe 4, by unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 left side wall tops, entered, unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 filler used is elastic filler 10, and filling ratio is 80%-90%, and fixed form is one-sided fixing; On unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 right side wall flap tops, venting port 6 is set, at its rear wall flap arrangements shore pipe 5, the gas and the microbial film (mud) that for discharging anaerobic reaction, produce; Upflowing anoxic pond 20 is guide flow type water inlet top water outlet, and upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 is bottom water inlet top water outlet, and upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 filler used is also elastic filler 10, and filling ratio is 70%-80%, and fixed form is shaft fixed in being; In the bottom of upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 intermediate arrangement two annular microporous aeration devices 9, annular microporous aeration device 9 is fixed by perforated baffle 8, during aeration, air-flow drives current evenly to rotate up mobile; Waste water after aerobic treatment enters settling tank 22 from top, impurity is fully precipitated, supernatant liquor enters upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond 23, and the filtered liquid after microporous filtration 11 filters flows out from filtered liquid rising pipe 12, and the filtration waste liquid of having held back impurity flows out from filtering waste liquid rising pipe 14; Upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond 23 is interior has arranged five microporous filtrations 11, and microporous filtration 11 is selected hollow-fibre membrane, and material is blend fiber ester.The upflowing anoxic pond 20 of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 belows, the bottom of upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 main bodys are provided with as V-arrangement mud discharging mouth (angle is 145 °), the total shore pipe 15 common with one of settling tank 22 use is connected, and can regularly discharge microbial film, impurity sedimentation thing that each reaction tank comes off.
Before operation, unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 and upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 carry out Biofilm Colonization cultivation from low to high by load, during operation, in the flap stream chamber that waste water enters unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 left sides by sump pump 2 through water inlet pipe 4 after the standing processing of sewage lagoon 1, through the water outlet of anaerobic treatment, from unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19 right side overflows along flow deflector, flow into upflowing anoxic pond 20 and carry out denitrification denitrogenation, water outlet flows into upflowing Aerobic Pond 21 along flow deflector and carries out aeration aerobic treatment, organism obtains nitrated degraded, water outlet enters settling tank 22 after staticly settling from the 21 left side overflows of upflowing Aerobic Pond, supernatant liquor enters upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond 23, it is motivating force that microporous filtration 11 be take the pressure difference of film both sides, take hollow-fibre membrane as filtration medium, under certain pressure, supernatant liquor is carried out to filtration, purification, water outlet after filtration is discharged by filtered liquid rising pipe 12, the waste liquid producing in filtration is discharged from filtering waste liquid rising pipe 14.
The mixing material that elastic filler 10 adopts with polyolefine and polymeric amide, specific surface area is large, biofilm is fast, biofilm development upgrades good, resistance to high loading impact, treatment effect is good, long service life.In unidirectional streaming ABR reactor 19, upflowing Aerobic Pond 21, fixedly the device of filler can adopt nylon rope etc. to have the material of certain toughness, hardness and erosion resistance; Microporous filtration 11 adopts hollow-fibre membranes, and material is blend fiber ester, and the effective film surface-area ratio in unit volume is high, and permeability rate is compared with low and chemical stability is good, long service life.
The utility model is by ABR technique, biomembrance process, A 2/ O technique, MF(micro-filtrate membrane filtration) advantage of the water technology such as technique combines and carried out rational transformation, there is the features such as processing efficiency is high, stable effluent quality, operational administrative is simple, floor space is few, running cost is low, organic pollutant in organic waste water, nitrogen, phosphorus etc. are had to good treatment effect, simultaneously to SS(suspended solid), turbidity, colourity etc. also have good removal effect.

Claims (5)

1. integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, mainly comprise sewage lagoon (1), water inlet pipe (4), unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19), upflowing anoxic pond (20), upflowing Aerobic Pond (21), settling tank (22), upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond (23), filter waste liquid rising pipe (14), total shore pipe (15), sludge sump (16) forms, it is characterized in that: unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19) is placed in top, upflowing anoxic pond (20), upflowing Aerobic Pond (21), settling tank (22) and upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond (23) are arranged in unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19) below successively reverse connection, what be connected with unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19) has water inlet pipe (4), shore pipe (5) and a venting port (6), in unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19), upflowing Aerobic Pond (21), fill filler be elastic filler (10), in upflowing anoxic pond (20), establish mechanical stirrer (7), upflowing Aerobic Pond (21) bottom has arranged that two annular microporous aeration devices (9), lower end are provided with for the fixing perforated baffle (8) of aerating apparatus (9), in the upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond (23) being communicated with settling tank (22), several film filters (11) have been arranged, film filter (11) adopts hollow-fibre membrane, what be connected with upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond (23) has filtered liquid rising pipe (12), filters waste liquid rising pipe (14), the film pressure table (13) for the pressure difference of recording film both sides has been installed filtering on waste liquid rising pipe (14), in the below of upflowing anoxic pond (20), upflowing Aerobic Pond (21), settling tank (22) main body, arrange one for getting rid of the microbial film that each reaction tank comes off, total shore pipe (15) of impurity sedimentation thing.
2. integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic according to claim 1/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, is characterized in that: water inlet pipe (4), shore pipe (5) and venting port (6) are laid in described unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19) side.
3. integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic according to claim 1/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, is characterized in that: described elastic filler (10) is the mixing material of polyolefine and polymeric amide, cube structure, suspension type; The filling ratio of unidirectional streaming ABR reactor (19) is 80%-90%, and the filling ratio of upflowing Aerobic Pond (21) is 70%-80%.
4. integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic according to claim 1/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, it is characterized in that: described upflowing Aerobic Pond (21) bottom adopts annular microporous aeration device (9) to carry out aeration, and at the bottom of two annular microporous aeration devices (9) are laid in pond, perforated baffle (8) is located.
5. integrated baffle plate type anaerobic/anoxic according to claim 1/aerobic/membrane filtration high concentrated organic wastewater treatment unit, it is characterized in that: described upflowing micro-filtrate membrane filtration pond (23) is provided with five film filters (11) altogether, film filter (11) adopts hollow-fibre membrane, and the material of hollow-fibre membrane is blend fiber ester.
CN201420268871.7U 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 Integrated baffle type anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic membrane filtration high-concentration organic wastewater treatment device Expired - Fee Related CN203866157U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104710084A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-17 四川省科学城天人环保有限公司 High-efficiency biological membrane integrated sewage treatment device
CN106013404A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-12 王攀 Water drainage pit system for municipal garden and use method of water drainage pit system
CN108658225A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-16 北京建筑大学 A kind of country sewage strengthens composite anaerobic processing unit and processing method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104710084A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-06-17 四川省科学城天人环保有限公司 High-efficiency biological membrane integrated sewage treatment device
CN104710084B (en) * 2015-04-02 2017-10-10 四川省科学城天人环保有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency biomembrane integrated sewage treating apparatus
CN106013404A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-12 王攀 Water drainage pit system for municipal garden and use method of water drainage pit system
CN108658225A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-16 北京建筑大学 A kind of country sewage strengthens composite anaerobic processing unit and processing method

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Granted publication date: 20141008

Termination date: 20150526