CN203810872U - Multilayer vibrating dryer - Google Patents

Multilayer vibrating dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203810872U
CN203810872U CN201420215899.4U CN201420215899U CN203810872U CN 203810872 U CN203810872 U CN 203810872U CN 201420215899 U CN201420215899 U CN 201420215899U CN 203810872 U CN203810872 U CN 203810872U
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China
Prior art keywords
drying
air
basin
heat
heat preservation
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Application number
CN201420215899.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨明
伍振峰
张帅杰
王雅琪
苏柘僮
王达宾
岳鹏飞
郭华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangxi Hebai Hong Wah Pharmaceutical Equipment Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
CHENGDU KEER MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Application filed by CHENGDU KEER MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine filed Critical CHENGDU KEER MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a multilayer vibrating dryer which is suitable for the technical field of drying of powdery materials, granular materials, blocky materials, spherical materials and the like and suitable for the technical field of drying of solid materials in the industries of chemical engineering, food, medical treatment and the like. The multilayer vibrating dryer comprises an air blower, an air filter, a heater, a pedestal, a heat-preservation drying box, a draught fan and a feeding hopper. The air blower is connected with the air filter, the heater and an air feeding pipe of the heat-preservation drying box through air pipes. The heat-preservation drying box comprises a case, a base and a vibrating motor, wherein the case is arranged on the base, the vibrating motor is arranged inside the base, the heat-preservation drying box is of a barrel-type structure, the feeding hopper and an air exhaust port are arranged on the upper portion of the heat-preservation drying box, a discharging port and the air feeding pipe are arranged on the lower portion of the heat-preservation drying box, circular drying plates and conic drying plates are arranged in the case alternately, a circular drying plate discharging port is arranged on the edge of each circular drying plate, and a conic drying plate discharging port is arranged in the center of each conic drying plate. The multilayer vibrating dryer is a novel drying device which is low in energy consumption, high in heat efficiency, free of pollution, simple in structure, easy to dismount, clean and maintain, and good in drying effect.

Description

A kind of Multi-layer vibration dryer
Technical field
The utility model is a kind of Multi-layer vibration dryer, is applicable to the technical field of drying of Powdered, graininess, bulk, the material such as spherical, is applicable to the technical field of drying of the solid material of the industries such as chemical industry, food, medical treatment.
Background technology
Be dried in the production process of the industries such as chemical industry, food, medical treatment and usually relate to; and be very important operation; be not only Separation of Solid and Liquid process, last procedure of usually still producing, the quality of product depends on the comprehensive condition that dry technology and equipment use to a great extent.Consider from economic angle, drier is expensive, and construction investment is larger.On the other hand, dry is again highly energy-consuming process, and the thermal efficiency fluctuates in a big way, and the running expense of equipment and the design selection of drier have very close relationship, so the policymaker of enterprise always relatively payes attention to this.The kind of material of being dried has many, and their physicochemical property has again very big-difference.The production technology that even same kind is different, the product requirement that same kind is different, cause drying condition all to have any different, so just determined the complexity of dry engineering.As can be seen here, dry run has higher technical compared with other unit operations.
For being dried of solid material, the domestic extensive drying equipment using now comprises normal pressure baking, drying under reduced pressure, fluidized drying, pneumatic conveying drying etc., and wherein first two drying equipment energy consumption is large, and the thermal efficiency is low, causes environmental pollution simultaneously; Although latter two equipment is improved in energy consumption and thermal efficiency utilization, it uses and is mainly limited to solid particle, seems helpless for the dry of material such as block, spherical.In addition, that solid material dry also can adopt is infrared, microwave, the modern advanced drying equipment such as freezing, but the drawbacks limit such as energy consumption is high, expensive, maintenance cost is high the use of these equipment.
For solving the problems such as energy consumption, the thermal efficiency, cost and environmental pollution, there is in recent years a series of improving equipment.For example, improved multicompartment fluidized bed, vibrated fluidized bed etc.In recent years also occurred more multi-layer vibration drying equipment, basic device is all box-type drying structure, inner placement of multiple layers basin, and heat supply in case, places vibrating motor for vibration in bottom.In these equipment, basin mainly contains spirality, circle, taper, stairstepping and swash plate etc.Heat-supplying mode is mainly divided in case two kinds of heating and case air-flow heat supply outward, in case, heating is top or the lower part equipment heater at drying box, the outer air-flow heat supply of case is from top or bottom is blown into hot-air or steam in drying box, how equipment arranges inner core in drying box is moved for hot gas, equipment component arranges opening for heating at inner core and each dish junction, also there is a small amount of equipment not establish inner core and directly in drying box bottom or top, air inlet is set, in addition, also there is equipment that the device of chuck heat supply is set in basin bottom.
Reduced energy consumption although improve fluid unit, improved the thermal efficiency, its limitation does not improve, and device structure complexity, does not utilize maintenance simultaneously.Multi-layer vibration drying equipment moves material and hot blast simultaneously, has reduced energy consumption, has improved the thermal efficiency, and usage range is also relatively extensive, but existing drying equipment exists some problems.First, basin shape is single, for circular basin, material only moves under the effect of vibration force, though can keep growing run duration, reaches good drying effect, but long the dry of heat sensitive material that be unfavorable for of heat time, also drying efficiency also can not get improving simultaneously; For basins such as spirality, taper, stairsteppings, material moves downward under the double action of vibration force and gravity, though can improve drying efficiency, run duration is relatively short, and material may can not get fully dry.Secondly, hot blast opening is to be improved, and the basin hot blast opening of the said equipment is too simple, because hot blast is to supply with whole casing to be dried, this certainly will, by reducing drying efficiency, also can make partial material fall from hot-air channel simultaneously, occurs the phenomenons such as uneven drying is even.
In sum, obviously there is the shortcomings such as energy consumption is large, the thermal efficiency is low, environmental pollution is serious in the solid drying equipment of present industrial extensive use, and the application of fluidized drying and pneumatic conveying drying is limited by material, and New drying equipment is expensive.Meanwhile, carry out for above-mentioned reasons improved serial drying equipment, still have the series of problems such as basin shape is single, hot blast opening is to be improved.
The patent No. is ZL 2,011 2 0365120.3, name is called in the Chinese utility model patent of " Multilayer countercurrent vibrating dryer " and discloses a kind of Multilayer countercurrent vibrating dryer, comprise cabinet, support, vibrating motor, cabinet is arranged on support, vibrating motor is arranged in support, cabinet is core structure, charging aperture, exhaust outlet is on top, discharging opening, hot blast import is in bottom, in cabinet, interlaced arrangement has circle, taper basin, circular basin feed opening is arranged on edge, the feed opening of taper basin is arranged on center, in basin, be uniformly distributed the moving sieve aperture of heat supply fate.Simple in structure, be easy to safeguard, reliable, be suitable for various materials, dry mass is good, has good drying efficiency and the thermal efficiency, consumes energy low, can carry out continuous, low temperature drying.But, due in pharmaceutical production, because GMP has requirement to air purity, this equipment can only integral installation at clean area, collect folk songs at clean area, can greatly affect like this air quantity, the blast of clean area, destroy clean area environment, increase clean area energy consumption; Because equipment only has air blast, device interior blast is larger, and heat loss is serious, and energy consumption increases; Blast pipe and discharge pipe show without temperature, wind speed, are not easy to production operation, therefore, are necessary to develop in fact a kind of multi-layer vibration drying equipment that is applicable to medicine clean area production and application.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned defect, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Multi-layer vibration dryer.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of Multi-layer vibration dryer, it comprises air blast, air cleaner, heater, pedestal, heat preservation and dryness case, air-introduced machine, feed hopper, air blast is connected with the blast pipe of air cleaner, heater, heat preservation and dryness case by airduct;
It comprises cabinet, pedestal, vibrating motor described heat preservation and dryness case, cabinet is arranged on pedestal, vibrating motor is arranged in pedestal, heat preservation and dryness case is core structure, feed hopper, exhaust outlet are on the top of heat preservation and dryness case, and discharging opening, blast pipe are in its underpart, and in cabinet, interlaced arrangement has circular basin, taper basin, circular basin feed opening is arranged on the edge of circular basin, and taper basin feed opening is arranged on the center of taper basin.
In described circular basin, taper basin, be uniformly distributed the moving sieve aperture of heat supply fate.
Described heat preservation and dryness upper box part has filter separator, and top is connected with air-introduced machine by discharge pipe.
In described blast pipe, be provided with temperature sensor I.
Between circular basin and taper basin, be provided with wind sheltering joint.
On described discharge pipe, be provided with temperature sensor II and air velocity transducer.
Operation sequence:
Open air blast, air-introduced machine, heater, be preheated to baking temperature, add material from feed hopper, material enters heat preservation and dryness case, supreme down motion, with under up the hot blast of motion fully contact, heat drying, dried material is collected at discharging opening.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1, basin kind of the present utility model is various, and existing circle has again taper, can take into account drying efficiency and the thermal efficiency, and drying effect can improve simultaneously, and is applicable to the dry of various materials.
2, hot blast of the present utility model import department arranges hot-air distributor, and the hot blast being entered by side is uniformly distributed in casing, has ensured drying effect; Taper basin feed opening arranges wind sheltering joint, has avoided hot blast short circuit, has ensured the normal operation of equipment.
3, air intake of the present utility model is provided with air cleaner, purifies air, and avoids material to pollute, and ensures product quality; Heat preservation and dryness upper box part has filter separator, has both prevented material loss, avoids again environmental pollution.
4, air blast of the present utility model, air-introduced machine power is adjustable, balance drying box internal gas pressure, avoids hot blast to run off from feed hopper, discharging opening, reduces energy consumption.
5, be of the present utility modelly that a kind of energy consumption is low, the thermal efficiency is high, pollution-free, simple in structure, be easy to disassembly, cleaning, maintenance, New drying equipment that drying effect is good, be applicable to the dry of Powdered, the graininess, strip and block of the industries such as chemical industry, food, medical treatment, the material such as spherical.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of circular basin (14a) in the utility model, taper basin (14b).
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in detail below in conjunction with 1,2 pairs of the utility model of accompanying drawing:
A kind of Multi-layer vibration dryer, it comprises air blast 1, air cleaner 2, heater 3, pedestal 6, heat preservation and dryness case 9, air-introduced machine 10, feed hopper 11, and air blast 1 is connected with the blast pipe 4 of air cleaner 2, heater 3, heat preservation and dryness case 9 by airduct;
It comprises cabinet, pedestal 6, vibrating motor 7 described heat preservation and dryness case 9, cabinet is arranged on pedestal 6, vibrating motor 7 is arranged in pedestal 6, heat preservation and dryness case 9 is core structure, feed hopper 11, exhaust outlet 19 are on the top of heat preservation and dryness case 9, discharging opening 8, blast pipe 4 are in its underpart, in cabinet, interlaced arrangement has circular basin 14a, taper basin 14b, circular basin feed opening 13 is arranged on the edge of circular basin 14a, and taper basin feed opening 15 is arranged on the center of taper basin 14b.
In described circular basin 14a, taper basin 14b, be uniformly distributed the moving sieve aperture of heat supply fate.
Filter separator 21 is arranged at described heat preservation and dryness case 9 tops, and top is connected with air-introduced machine 10 by discharge pipe 20.
In described blast pipe 4, be provided with temperature sensor I 5.
Between circular basin 14a and taper basin 14b, be provided with wind sheltering joint 16.
On described discharge pipe 20, be provided with temperature sensor II 17 and air velocity transducer 18.

Claims (6)

1. a Multi-layer vibration dryer, it comprises air blast (1), air cleaner (2), heater (3), pedestal (6), heat preservation and dryness case (9), air-introduced machine (10), feed hopper (11), it is characterized in that: air blast (1) is connected with the blast pipe (4) of air cleaner (2), heater (3), heat preservation and dryness case (9) by airduct;
It comprises cabinet described heat preservation and dryness case (9), pedestal (6), vibrating motor (7), cabinet is arranged on pedestal (6), vibrating motor (7) is arranged in pedestal (6), heat preservation and dryness case (9) is core structure, feed hopper (11), exhaust outlet (19) is on the top of heat preservation and dryness case (9), discharging opening (8), blast pipe (4) is in its underpart, in cabinet, interlaced arrangement has circular basin (14a), taper basin (14b), circular basin feed opening (13) is arranged on the edge of circular basin (14a), taper basin feed opening (15) is arranged on the center of taper basin (14b).
2. Multi-layer vibration dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described circular basin (14a), taper basin (14b), be uniformly distributed the moving sieve aperture of heat supply fate.
3. Multi-layer vibration dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: filter separator (21) is arranged at described heat preservation and dryness case (9) top, and top is connected with air-introduced machine (10) by discharge pipe (20).
4. Multi-layer vibration dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described blast pipe (4), be provided with temperature sensor I (5).
5. Multi-layer vibration dryer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between circular basin (14a) and taper basin (14b), be provided with wind sheltering joint (16).
6. Multi-layer vibration dryer according to claim 3, is characterized in that: on described discharge pipe (20), be provided with temperature sensor II (17) and air velocity transducer (18).
CN201420215899.4U 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Multilayer vibrating dryer Active CN203810872U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420215899.4U CN203810872U (en) 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Multilayer vibrating dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420215899.4U CN203810872U (en) 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Multilayer vibrating dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203810872U true CN203810872U (en) 2014-09-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103925784A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 江西中医药大学 Multi-layer vibrating dryer
CN108061429A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-22 铜陵市宏达家电有限责任公司 A kind of efficient pneumatic drying device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103925784A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-16 江西中医药大学 Multi-layer vibrating dryer
CN108061429A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-22 铜陵市宏达家电有限责任公司 A kind of efficient pneumatic drying device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170425

Address after: 330000 Nanchang high tech Industrial Development Zone, Nanchang, AI Bei Sihu Road, No. 688, building No. 8

Patentee after: Jiangxi Hebai Hong Wah Pharmaceutical Equipment Co. Ltd.

Address before: 330004 Jiangxi city of Nanchang province Wanli District Hing Wan Road No. 818

Co-patentee before: Chengdu Keer Medical Technology Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: JIANGXI UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

TR01 Transfer of patent right