CN203777911U - Desulfuration, dedusting and denitration integrated flue gas cleaner - Google Patents

Desulfuration, dedusting and denitration integrated flue gas cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203777911U
CN203777911U CN201420042551.XU CN201420042551U CN203777911U CN 203777911 U CN203777911 U CN 203777911U CN 201420042551 U CN201420042551 U CN 201420042551U CN 203777911 U CN203777911 U CN 203777911U
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cabin
chamber
flue gas
plate
intracoelomic cavity
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冀文平
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冀文平
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Abstract

The utility model provides a desulfuration, dedusting and denitration integrated flue gas cleaner. The flue gas cleaner comprises a chamber body that is communicated with the right end of a fuel gas channel of a boiler; a cleaned flue gas outlet is formed in the right end of the chamber body; a desulfuration device, a dedusting device and a denitration device are connected with an inner cavity of the chamber body from left to right in sequence; the desulfuration device comprises a desulfuration liquid atomized water spraying device and a ground hydrated lime spreading device which are distributed left and right in the inner cavity of the chamber body respectively, and the desulfuration liquid atomized water spraying device is connected with an atomized liquid storage bin storing the desulfuration liquid; the ground hydrated lime spreading device is connected with a ground hydrated lime storage bin storing ground hydrated lime; the dedusting device comprises a plurality of dust removal filter bags which are fixed into the chamber body; the denitration device comprises a plurality of oxidant spraying devices that are fixed to the upper end of the inner cavity of the chamber body, and urea liquid stored in the right side of the inner cavity of the chamber body; the oxidant spraying devices are communicated with an oxidant storage bin. According to the desulfuration, dedusting and denitration integrated flue gas cleaner, the desulfuration device, the dedusting device and the denitration device are organically combined, so that the structure and process are simple, the emission reaches the standard, a small space is occupied, and low investment and operation cost is needed.

Description

Desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of flue gas purifying equipment, refers to especially a kind of desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier.
Background technology
Air pollution problems inherent increases the weight of day by day in recent years, and China, as Yi Ge developing power, will face the severe situation that air pollution constantly increases the weight of in significant period of time from now on.Continuous increase along with energy demand, the pollution problem that fume emission causes becomes increasingly conspicuous, air environmental pollution control problem, constantly cause that the whole world extensively pays much attention to, developing flue gas purifying equipment and technology efficient, energy-conservation, high performance-price ratio is from basic solution development and environmental protection, current from long-range different demands.
Under this background, combine flue gas desulfurization denitration dust-removing technology and be subject to extensive concern, wherein, traditional associating flue gas desulfurization, denitration, dust collecting process is after desulfurizer or before deduster, to install a set of denitrification apparatus additional, as SCR (SCR) or SNCR (SNCR), thereby realize combined desulfurization and denitration, but not only floor space is large for this classification administration way, and investment and operating cost high, to large scale application, brought certain difficulty.
In large-scale flue gas wet method, semidry method, dry desulfurization device Yi China every profession and trade stove, extensively come into operation, but this technique does not have the ability of denitration simultaneously.If will be very huge carrying out denitration occupation of land, investment, operating cost, several years ago China relatively payes attention to flue gas desulfurization, denitrating flue gas is started late, the technique that the denitrating flue gas project of current domestic operation adopts is also to introduce Europe, the United States, Deng developed country and regional gas denitrifying technology, the denitrating technique of main application is divided into two large divisions at present, i.e. selective catalytic reduction (SCR method) and SNCR method (SNCR method).
Above two kinds of methods, SCR method denitration efficiency is higher, discharge standard can reach >90%, but complex process, system investment cost and follow-up operation disposal cost are high, SNCR method small investment, follow-up operation disposal cost is lower, but denitration efficiency can only reach <60%, can not meet the country of increasingly stringent for the emission request of nitre in flue gas.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, its structure, technique are simple, emission compliance, floor space are little, investment and operating cost low, be applicable to spread.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, comprising the cabin body being communicated with boiler smoke pipeline right-hand member, described cabin body right-hand member is provided with purifying smoke outlet, described purifying smoke outlet is connected with centrifugal blower, described cabin intracoelomic cavity left part is provided with desulfurizer, described desulfurizer comprises a plurality of doctor solution atomized water spraying devices that are fixed on intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, described doctor solution atomized water spraying device is connected with the atomized liquid reserving chamber that doctor solution is housed, described doctor solution atomized water spraying device is right-hand is provided with a plurality of slaked lime powder spraying devices that are fixed on intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, described slaked lime powder spraying device is connected with the slaked lime powder reserving chamber that slaked lime powder is housed, below the body of described cabin, being positioned at desulfurizer below is communicated with at least one first ash bucket, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is positioned at slaked lime powder spraying device right side and is provided with dust arrester, described dust arrester comprises a plurality of filter chambers, described in each, filter chamber comprises a plurality of dedusting filtering bags that are fixed on cabin intracoelomic cavity, each filter chamber top is provided with a plurality of injection tubes that spray compressed air stream, in each injection tube, be respectively equipped with injection hole with the corresponding position suitable for reading of each dedusting filtering bag, below the body of described cabin, being positioned at dust arrester below is communicated with at least one second ash bucket, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is positioned at each filter chamber right side and is provided with denitrification apparatus, described denitrification apparatus comprises that upper end is fixed on a plurality of oxidant spraying devices of cabin intracoelomic cavity, described oxidant spraying device is connected with the oxidant reserving chamber that oxidizing agent solution is housed, intracoelomic cavity lower end, described cabin is positioned at the right-hand connecting plate that is connected with of oxidant spraying device, between described connecting plate upper end and intracoelomic cavity top, cabin, be connected with pipeline one end, in the body of described cabin, in connecting plate right side, urea solution is housed, the described pipeline other end stretches in urea solution.
Intracoelomic cavity upper end, described cabin is positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device left and is provided with parabola air ducting, described parabola air ducting comprises that one end is fixed on two the first side plates of intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, two first side plate other ends are to downward-extension and be positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device below, between two the first side plates, be interval with from left to right a plurality of parabola shaped leaf wings that are, the end that suspends of described leaf wing, towards lower right, forms air-guiding hole between adjacent leaf wing.
Also comprise gas tank, described gas tank is connected with tracheae, and the top of doctor solution atomized water spraying device one side is stretched in described tracheae upper end.
Intracoelomic cavity top, described cabin is provided with the card of horizontal positioned, described card and intracoelomic cavity top, cabin and the second side plate that is positioned at each filter chamber border are connected to form a plurality of air-purifying chambers, the second side plate that is positioned at the leftmost side extends downward intracoelomic cavity bottom, cabin, the second side plate that is positioned at the rightmost side extends downward intracoelomic cavity bottom surface, cabin, its middle part is provided with filtration exhanst gas outlet, each filter chamber injection tube is arranged at respectively in corresponding air-purifying chamber, described card surface is provided with a plurality of steam vents, described in each, the suitable for reading of dedusting filtering bag is individually fixed in each steam vent, on described card, on the position of corresponding each filter chamber, be respectively equipped with filtration gas approach.
Described in each, filter gas approach top and be respectively equipped with lifting cylinder, described in each, lifting cylinder is individually fixed on air-purifying chamber, described in each, the piston-rod lower end of lifting cylinder bottom is connected with respectively and can opens and closes the lift valve that filters gas approach, and described in each, lift valve lays respectively in each air-purifying chamber.
Described in each, dedusting filtering bag is to be made by porous filter cloth, and described in each, dedusting filtering bag upper end is connected with stainless steel reinforcing mat, and described in each, stainless steel reinforcing mat is individually fixed on each steam vent.
Described cabin intracoelomic cavity is provided with at least one first dividing plate between doctor solution atomized water spraying device and slaked lime powder spraying device, upper end or the lower end of cabin intracoelomic cavity is fixed in one end of described the first dividing plate, and form the first through hole between the first dividing plate and cabin body, adjacent the first dividing plate is presented, under be interspersed in the body of cabin, a plurality of described oxidant spraying devices are comprised of a plurality of the first oxidant spraying devices and a plurality of the second oxidant spraying device, a plurality of the second oxidant spraying devices are positioned at the right-hand of a plurality of the first oxidant spraying devices, intracoelomic cavity upper end, described cabin is in first, between dioxy agent spraying device, be connected with second partition, described first, dioxy agent spraying device upper end is individually fixed in a left side for second partition, upper end, right side, between described second partition below and cabin body, form the second through hole, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is connected with at least one dividing plate between the second oxidant spraying device and connecting plate, inner chamber upper end or the lower end of cabin body is fixed in described dividing plate one end, between described dividing plate and cabin body, form through hole, adjacent separator is presented, the lower staggered cabin intracoelomic cavity that is fixed on.
Described the first ash bucket lower end is connected with circulating ash and returns to storehouse pump, described the second ash bucket lower end is connected with pneumatic transporting ash silo pump, described pneumatic transporting ash silo pump is connected with described gas tank by pipeline, the position of body lower end, described cabin between denitrification apparatus left side and dividing plate right side is connected with the first collection bucket, the position of body lower end, described cabin between connecting plate and body right side, cabin is connected with the second collection bucket, described the first collection bucket lower end connects oxidation solution circulating pump, described oxidation solution circulating pump is connected with oxidant reserving chamber by circulation fluid pipe, described the second collection bucket lower end connects denitration liquid emptying pump, described denitration liquid emptying pump connected drainage pipe.
In described urea solution, be provided with porous plate, the level that is described porous plate is fixed on connecting plate and cabin body inwall, described lower end of duct is through porous plate, and described porous plate is provided with the corrosion resistant plate in a plurality of holes by two surfaces and is sandwiched in two stainless steel fibre felts between corrosion resistant plate and is formed by connecting.
Described cabin body upper surface is positioned at connecting plate right side and is provided with the urea solution reserving chamber that urea solution is housed, and described urea solution reserving chamber is connected with runner pipe upper end, and described runner pipe lower end faces the urea solution on body right side, cabin.
Adopt after such scheme, the utility model desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier are by arranging the cabin body being communicated with boiler smoke pipeline right-hand member, and set gradually from left to right desulfurizer, dust arrester and denitrification apparatus at cabin intracoelomic cavity, after making flue gas enter cabin body, the first doctor solution atomized water through desulfurizer sprays, the SO in flue gas 2with H 2o reaction generates H 2sO 3and the temperature of reaction product is reduced to enter in slaked lime powder spraying device region and reaches and slaked lime powder optimal reaction temperature, reach best gas-solid turbulent mixture and also constantly expose the new surface of unreacted calcium hydroxide, repeatedly circulation by solid material simultaneously makes desulfurizing agent have the very long time of staying, thereby utilization rate and the desulfuration efficiency of calcium hydroxide depickling have greatly been improved, and the hydrogen chloride pollutant in flue gas reacts and is removed with calcium hydroxide, and discharge through the first ash bucket, the flue gas purifying enters in dust arrester again, dust in flue gas filters through each dedusting filtering bag, bulky grain dust is fallen in the second ash bucket under Action of Gravity Field, granule dust is adhered to each dedusting filtering bag surface, by the injection tube of the compressed air stream of can jetting is set above each dedusting filtering bag, make each injection hole in injection tube suitable for reading corresponding with each dedusting filtering bag respectively, when the dust on dedusting filtering bag amasss to a certain extent, the compressed air stream blowing out by the injection hole in injection tube blows off the dust on each dedusting filtering bag in the second ash bucket, and the flue gas purifying enters denitrification apparatus from suitable for reading the going out of each filter bag after entering each dedusting filtering bag, in flue gas, be insoluble in the NO of water and the atomizing and oxidizing agent generation oxidation reaction of oxidant spraying device ejection, generate NO soluble in water 2, the NO in this product and flue gas, NO 2in gas phase, change N into 2o 4and N 2o 3, product N afterwards 2o 4and N 2o 3with H 2o, (NH 2) 2cO(urea) reaction generates N 2, CO 2innocuous gas is discharged from purifying smoke outlet, flue gas cleaner of the present utility model has carried out organic combination by desulfurizer, dust arrester and denitrification apparatus, its structure, technique are simple, emission compliance, floor space are little, investment and operating cost low, be applicable to spread.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by being positioned at atomized water spraying device left in intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, parabola air ducting is set, make flue gas enter parabola air ducting through boiler smoke pipeline, under the parabola shaped leaf wing effect of parabola air ducting, air velocity declines, and guide flue gas to produce the downward and two strands of air-flows that make progress, the air-flow that flows downward drives larger dust granules in lower flue gas to move down, because downward air-flow rushes at accumulating at lower part ash bucket, and speed reduces completely under ash bucket resistance, make larger dust granules in flue gas that downward flue gas drives fall into ash bucket, reach the object that larger dust granules falls in dirt.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by gas tank is set, gas tank is connected with tracheae, make tracheae upper end stretch to the top of doctor solution atomized water spraying device one side, design can will be carried less dust granules to blowing up in flue gas like this, enters separation of flow liquid atomized water spraying device and flue gas desulfurization processing is carried out in slaked lime powder spraying device region.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by the fixing card on intracoelomic cavity top, cabin, make each filter chamber correspondence position on card and body top, cabin form respectively air-purifying chamber, project organization is simple like this, air-tightness is good, by each dedusting filtering bag each steam vent being individually fixed on card suitable for reading, in deashing compressed air spraying Guan Deng factory with positioner, process installation, guaranteed the vertical-type location of injection tube and filter bag, make air-purifying chamber scene quick and easy for installation, accurate positioning, improved the service life of operating efficiency and filter bag, be convenient to the maintenance that works online of situ purification device.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: above filtering gas approach, establish respectively lifting cylinder at each, the piston-rod lower end of each lifting cylinder bottom connects respectively can open and close the lift valve that filters gas approach, design can be worked as the inner corresponding filter chamber of device and broken down in the time of need to overhauling like this, lifting cylinder by this filter chamber top will promote valve gap filtering on gas approach, can block flue gas and overhaul.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: each dedusting filtering bag is designed to be made by porous filter cloth, in each dedusting filtering bag upper end, connect stainless steel reinforcing mat, and each stainless steel reinforcing mat is individually fixed on each steam vent, the design compressed air stream that can guarantee to jet in injection tube sprays in dedusting filtering bag completely like this, and the suitable for reading anti-winding-up airflow scouring intensity that stainless steel reinforcing mat can strengthen dedusting filtering bag is set.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by establish at least one first dividing plate between doctor solution atomized water spraying device and slaked lime powder spraying device, and the desulphurization reaction time that design can prolong smoke like this; In intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, between first and second oxidant spraying device of oxidant spraying device, connect second partition, at cabin intracoelomic cavity, between the second oxidant spraying device and connecting plate, be connected with at least one dividing plate, design can prolong smoke and reaction time of oxidant like this, makes its abundant oxidation reaction.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by connecting circulating ash in the first ash bucket lower end, return to storehouse pump, making to be deposited on slaked lime powder in the dust in the first ash bucket can circular response; By connecting and the tank connected pneumatic transporting ash silo of gas pump in the second ash bucket lower end, be convenient to dust to drain in ash silo; By connecting oxidation solution circulating pump in the first collection bucket lower end, and be connected circulation fluid pipe between oxidation solution circulating pump and oxidation solution reserving chamber, make the oxidation solution can repetitive cycling utilization, cost saving; By connecting denitration liquid emptying pump in the second collection bucket lower end, and on denitration liquid emptying pump connected drainage pipe, be convenient to will reaction after useless denitration liquid discharge.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by porous plate is set in urea solution, and lower end of duct passes in the urea solution of porous plate below, design can make the NO flue gas that contains of fully oxidation fully contact hybrid reaction with urea solution like this, the flue gas generating enters the negative pressuren zone of urea solution top by porous plate, its denitration rate is more than 95%.
Further beneficial effect of the present utility model is: by be positioned at connecting plate right side at cabin body upper surface, the urea solution reserving chamber that urea solution is housed is set, urea solution reserving chamber is connected with runner pipe, runner pipe lower end faces the urea solution on body right side, cabin, design is in order to supplement in time the urea solution constantly using like this, guarantee flue gas after oxidation can with the abundant haptoreaction of urea solution.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that master of the present utility model looks schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of overlooking of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of dedusting filtering bag of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is that the injection tube of each filter chamber of the utility model is positioned the sectional structure schematic diagram in each air-purifying chamber;
Fig. 5 is denitrification apparatus structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail, so that those skilled in the art can better understand the utility model being implemented, but illustrated embodiment is not as to restriction of the present utility model.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, for the utility model desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, comprise the cabin body 2 being communicated with the right-hand member of boiler smoke pipeline 1.The right-hand member of cabin body 2 is provided with purifying smoke outlet 3, purifying smoke outlet is communicated with centrifugal blower 4, the inner chamber left part of cabin body 2 is provided with desulfurizer, desulfurizer comprises a plurality of doctor solution atomized water spraying devices that are fixed on cabin body 2 inner chamber upper ends, doctor solution atomized water spraying device is connected with the atomized liquid reserving chamber 5 that doctor solution is housed, doctor solution atomized water spraying device comprises that on the first body 6, the first bodys 6 that are communicated with atomized liquid reserving chamber 5, being provided with two is the atomizing water nozzle 7 distributing up and down.Atomized liquid reserving chamber 5 be arranged at cabin body 2 above and be positioned at directly over doctor solution atomized water spraying device, the lower end of atomized liquid reserving chamber 5 is communicated with the first body 6.The inner chamber upper end of cabin body 2 is positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device left and is provided with parabola air ducting, parabola air ducting comprises that one end is fixed on two the first side plates 8 of cabin body 2 inner chamber upper ends, the other end of two the first side plates 8 is to downward-extension and be positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device below, between two the first side plates 8, be interval with from left to right a plurality of parabola shaped leaf wings 9 that are, the end that suspends of leaf wing 9, towards lower right, forms air-guiding hole 10 between adjacent leaf wing 9.Doctor solution atomized water spraying device is right-hand is provided with a plurality of slaked lime powder spraying devices that are fixed on cabin body 2 inner chamber upper ends, slaked lime powder spraying device is connected with the slaked lime powder reserving chamber 11 that slaked lime powder is housed, slaked lime powder spraying device comprises the second body 12 being communicated with slaked lime powder reserving chamber 11, on the second body 12, be provided with two and be the fluid bed 13 distributing up and down, this fluid bed 13 is circulation suspension flow fluidized bed reactor.Slaked lime powder reserving chamber 11 be arranged at cabin body 2 above and be positioned at directly over slaked lime powder spraying device, the lower end of slaked lime powder reserving chamber 11 is communicated with the second body 12.The inner chamber of cabin body 2 is provided with the first dividing plate 14 between doctor solution atomized water spraying device and slaked lime powder spraying device, a plurality of the first dividing plates can be set according to actual needs herein, can prolong smoke desulfurization time, the inner chamber lower end of cabin body 2 is fixed in the lower end of the first dividing plate 14, the upper end that forms the first through hole 15, the first dividing plates 14 between the first dividing plate 14 tops and cabin body 2 is provided with the first radian edge to upper left side bending.The desulfurizer below that is positioned at below of cabin body 2 is communicated with a plurality of the first ash buckets 16, and the lower end of the first ash bucket 16 connects circulating ash and returns to storehouse pump 17.This desulfurizer also comprises gas tank 18, and gas tank 18 is connected with tracheae 19, and the first through hole 15 places are stretched in the upper end of tracheae 19;
The inner chamber of cabin body 2 is positioned at slaked lime powder spraying device right side and is provided with dust arrester, dust arrester comprises a plurality of filter chambers, each filter chamber comprises a plurality of vertical dedusting filtering bags 20 to placing that are fixed on cabin body 2 inner chambers, shown in Fig. 3, each dedusting filtering bag 20 is cylindrical shells of being made by porous filter cloth, the upper end of each dedusting filtering bag 20 is connected with respectively tubular stainless steel reinforcing mat 21, shown in Fig. 4, the be fixed by positioning device card 22 of horizontal positioned of the inner chamber top of cabin body 2, the inner chamber top of card 22 and cabin body 2 and the second side plate 23 that is positioned at each filter chamber 20 borders are connected to form a plurality of air-purifying chambers 24.The surface of card 22 is provided with a plurality of steam vents, and the stainless steel reinforcing mat 21 on each dedusting filtering bag 20 is individually fixed in each steam vent.On card 22, on the position of corresponding each filter chamber, be respectively equipped with and filter gas approach 25, each top of filtering gas approach 25 is respectively equipped with lifting cylinder 26, each lifting cylinder 26 is individually fixed on each air-purifying chamber 24, the piston-rod lower end of each lifting cylinder 26 bottoms is connected with respectively and can opens and closes the lift valve 27 that filters gas approach 25, and each lift valve 27 lays respectively in each air-purifying chamber 24.The second side plate 23 that is positioned at the leftmost side extends downward the inner chamber bottom of cabin body 2, the second side plate 23 that is positioned at the rightmost side extends downward the inner chamber bottom surface of cabin body 2, its middle part is provided with filters exhanst gas outlet 28, in each air-purifying chamber 24, be respectively equipped with a plurality of injection tubes 29, each injection tube 29 is connected with drum 30, drum 30 is connected with pulse valve 31, design can guarantee when the certain dust of dedusting filtering bag 20 surface deposition like this, remove in time, guarantee the normal filtration work of dedusting filtering bag 20, deashing pressure is little, and deashing frequency is low, energy consumption is little, little to the damage of dedusting filtering bag 20.In each injection tube 29, be respectively equipped with injection hole 32 with the corresponding position suitable for reading of each dedusting filtering bag 20.Below cabin body 2, be positioned at the lower end connection pneumatic transporting ash silo pump 34 that dust arrester below is communicated with a plurality of the second ash bucket 33, the second ash buckets 33, pneumatic transporting ash silo pump 34 is connected with gas tank 18 by pipeline;
The inner chamber of cabin body 2 is positioned at dust arrester right side and is provided with denitrification apparatus, shown in Fig. 5, denitrification apparatus comprises that upper end is vertically fixed on the second partition 35 of cabin body 2 inner chambers, the lower end of second partition 35 is provided with the second radian edge to lower right bending, between the below of second partition 35 and cabin body 2, form the second through hole 36, the left side that is positioned at second partition 35 is connected with a plurality of the first oxidant spraying devices, the right side that is positioned at second partition 35 is connected with a plurality of the second oxidant spraying devices, the upper surface of cabin body 2 is positioned at the second oxidant spraying device top and is provided with the oxidant reserving chamber 37 that oxidizing agent solution is housed, this oxidizing agent solution is liquor potassic permanganate or hydrogen peroxide solution or potassium bichromate solution or liquor natrii hypochloritis.The first oxidant spraying device comprises that the first pipeline 38, the first pipelines 38 that are connected with oxidant reserving chamber 37 are inverted L-shaped, and the lower end of the first pipeline 38 is connected with the first oxidant shower nozzle 39.The second oxidant spraying device comprises the vertical second pipe 40 to arranging being connected with oxidant reserving chamber 37, is two the second oxidant shower nozzles 41 that distribute up and down on second pipe 40.The inner chamber lower end of cabin body 2 is positioned at the right-hand upper end that is vertically fixed with the 3rd dividing plate 42, the three dividing plates 42 of the second oxidant spraying device and is provided with the 3rd radian edge to upper right side bending, between the top of the 3rd dividing plate 42 and cabin body 2, forms third through-hole 43.The right-hand lower end that is vertically connected with the 4th dividing plate 44, the four dividing plates 44 that the inner chamber upper end of cabin body 2 is positioned at the 3rd dividing plate 42 is provided with the 4th radian edge to lower right bending.Between the below of the 4th dividing plate 44 and cabin body 2, form fourth hole 45, the inner chamber lower end of cabin body 2 is positioned at the right-hand connecting plate 46 that is vertically connected with of the 4th dividing plate 44, between the inner cavity top of the upper end of connecting plate 46 and cabin body 2, be connected with pipeline 47 one end, in cabin body 2, in connecting plate 46 lower right side, urea solution is housed, the lower end of pipeline 47 is stretched in urea solution.In urea solution, be provided with porous plate 48, porous plate 48 is level and is fixed on connecting plate 46 and cabin body 2 inwalls.The lower end of pipeline 47 is through porous plate 48.Porous plate 48 is provided with the corrosion resistant plate 49 in a plurality of holes by two surfaces and is sandwiched in two stainless steel fibre felts 50 between corrosion resistant plate 49 and is formed by connecting.The right side that the upper surface of cabin body 2 is positioned at connecting plate 46 is provided with the urea solution reserving chamber 51 that urea solution is housed.Urea solution reserving chamber 51 is connected with the upper end of runner pipe 52, and the lower end of runner pipe 52 faces the urea solution of cabin body 2 lower right side.The position of the lower end of cabin body 2 between denitrification apparatus left side and the 4th dividing plate 44 is connected with the first collection bucket 53, the position of body 2 lower ends in cabin between connecting plate 46 and cabin body 2 right sides is connected with the second collection bucket 54, the lower end of the first collection bucket 53 connects oxidation solution circulating pump 55, oxidation solution circulating pump 55 is connected with oxidant reserving chamber 37 by circulation fluid pipe 56, the lower end of the second collection bucket 54 is connected with denitration liquid emptying pump 57, denitration liquid emptying pump 57 connected drainage pipes 58.
During work, the parabola air ducting place of flue gas in boiler smoke pipeline 1 enters cabin body 2, under parabola shaped leaf wing 9 effects of parabola air ducting, air velocity declines and guides flue gas to produce the downward and two strands of air-flows that make progress, the air-flow that flows downward drives larger dust granules in flue gas to move down, because downward air-flow rushes at bottom the first ash bucket 16, and speed reduces completely under the first ash bucket 16 resistances, make larger dust granules in flue gas that downward flue gas drives fall into the first ash bucket 16, reach the object that larger dust granules falls in dirt; And carrying less dust granules in gas tank 18 and tracheae 19 under Compressed Gas effect, updraft enters doctor solution atomized water spraying device region, the doctor solution atomized water that flue gas sprays out through atomizing water nozzle 7, the SO in flue gas after by the first through hole 15 2with H 2o reaction generates H 2sO 3, and the temperature of reaction product is reduced to enter in slaked lime powder spraying device region and reaches the slaked lime powder optimal reaction temperature spraying out with fluid bed 13, reaches best gas-solid turbulent mixture and constantly exposes unreacted calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH) 2) new surface, the repeatedly circulation by solid material simultaneously makes desulfurizing agent have the very long time of staying, thereby has greatly improved utilization rate and the desulfuration efficiency of calcium hydroxide depickling, and the hydrogen chloride pollutant in flue gas and calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH) 2) reaction be removed; Flue gas enters in each dedusting filtering bag 20 of a plurality of filter chambers in dust arrester afterwards, dust in flue gas is through the filtration of dedusting filtering bag 20, bulky grain dust is fallen in the second ash bucket 33 under Action of Gravity Field, granule dust is adhered to dedusting filtering bag 20 surfaces, the flue gas being cleaned drains into each air-purifying chamber 24 from the suitable for reading of dedusting filtering bag 20 after entering dedusting filtering bag 20, and drains into and filter exhanst gas outlet 28 and discharge through each filtration gas approach 25; Flue gas enters in denitrification apparatus afterwards, is insoluble in the atomization of the NO of water and the first oxidant spraying device, the second oxidant spraying device ejection containing oxidant generation oxidation reaction in flue gas, generates NO soluble in water 2, the NO in this product and flue gas, NO 2in gas phase, change N into 2o 4and N 2o 3and by being arranged on right-hand S shape passage being formed by the 4th dividing plate 44, connecting plate 46 and pipeline 47 of the second oxidant spraying device, flue gas entering in urea solution after S shape passage again, design can prolong smoke and reaction time of oxidant like this, make its abundant oxidation reaction, afterwards product N 2o 4and N 2o 3with H 2o, (NH 2) 2cO(urea) reaction generates N 2, CO 2innocuous gas is discharged from purifying smoke outlet 3.
Flue gas concrete chemical reaction process in desulfurizer is: when doctor solution atomized water fully contacts with flue gas through atomizing water nozzle 7, and the cooling and humidification of flue gas, calcium hydroxide (Ca (OH) 2) the same H of powder particles 2o, SO 2deng reaction, generate dry powder product, whole reaction is divided into gas phase, liquid phase and three kinds of state responses of solid phase, and reactions steps and equation are as follows:
(1) SO 2by H 2o drop absorbs;
SO 2(gas)+H 2o → H 2sO 3(liquid) (sulfurous acid)
(2) SO absorbing 2absorbent Ca (OH) with solution 2reaction generates (calcium sulfite)
Ca (OH) 2(liquid)+H 2sO 3(liquid) → CaSO 3(liquid)+2H 2o
Ca (OH) 2(Gu)+H 2sO 3(liquid) → CaSO 3(liquid)+2H 2o
(3) CaSO in drop 3after reaching capacity, start crystallization
CaSO 3(liquid) → CaSO 3(Gu)
(4) CaSO in part solution 3react with the oxygen being dissolved in drop, be oxidized to calcium sulfate
CaSO 3(liquid)+1/2O 2(liquid) → CaSO 4(liquid)
(5) CaSO 4(liquid) solubility is low, thus crystallization
CaSO 4(liquid) → CaSO 4(Gu)
(6) Ca (OH) to the reaction that is not able to do in time 2(Gu), and be included in CaSO 3(Gu), CaSO 4the Ca (OH) in (Gu) 2gu () carries out humidification atomization
Ca (OH) 2(Gu) → Ca (OH) 2(liquid)
SO 2(gas)+H 2o → H 2sO 3(liquid)
Ca (OH) 2(liquid)+H 2sO 3(liquid) → CaSO 3(liquid)+2H 2o
CaSO 3(liquid) → CaSO 3(Gu)
CaSO 3(liquid)+1/2O 2(liquid) → CaSO 4(liquid)
CaSO 4(liquid) → CaSO 4(Gu).
The chemical reaction process of flue gas in denitrification apparatus is: first, and the NO in flue gas and NO 2in gas phase, generate N 2o 3(nitrous anhydride) and N 2o 4(dinitrogen tetroxide), concrete chemical reaction is as follows:
2NO+O 2→2NO 2
2NO 2→N 2O 4
NO+NO 2→N 2O 3
Next, the product of generation by molecular diffusion effect from two-phase interface by gas phase diffusion to liquid phase main body.In liquid phase, form HNO 3(nitric acid) and HNO 2(nitrous acid), and be ionized into respectively H +, NO 3 -, NO 2 -, the NO of generation 2 -with (NH 2) 2cO(urea) reaction generates N 2and CO 2deng.
Concrete chemical reaction is as follows:
N 2O 3+H 2O→2HNO 2
N 2O 4+H 2O→HNO 2+HNO 3
2NO 2+H 2O→HNO 2+HNO 3
2HNO 2+(NH 2) 2CO→2N 2+CO 2+3H 2O。
The above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment for absolutely proving that the utility model is lifted, and protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to this.Being equal to that those skilled in the art do on the utility model basis substitutes or conversion, all within protection domain of the present utility model.Protection domain of the present utility model is as the criterion with claims.

Claims (10)

1. a desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: comprise the cabin body being communicated with boiler smoke pipeline right-hand member, described cabin body right-hand member is provided with purifying smoke outlet, described purifying smoke outlet is connected with centrifugal blower, described cabin intracoelomic cavity left part is provided with desulfurizer, described desulfurizer comprises a plurality of doctor solution atomized water spraying devices that are fixed on intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, described doctor solution atomized water spraying device is connected with the atomized liquid reserving chamber that doctor solution is housed, described doctor solution atomized water spraying device is right-hand is provided with a plurality of slaked lime powder spraying devices that are fixed on intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, described slaked lime powder spraying device is connected with the slaked lime powder reserving chamber that slaked lime powder is housed, below the body of described cabin, being positioned at desulfurizer below is communicated with at least one first ash bucket, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is positioned at slaked lime powder spraying device right side and is provided with dust arrester, described dust arrester comprises a plurality of filter chambers, described in each, filter chamber comprises a plurality of dedusting filtering bags that are fixed on cabin intracoelomic cavity, each filter chamber top is provided with a plurality of injection tubes that spray compressed air stream, in each injection tube, be respectively equipped with injection hole with the corresponding position suitable for reading of each dedusting filtering bag, below the body of described cabin, being positioned at dust arrester below is communicated with at least one second ash bucket, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is positioned at each filter chamber right side and is provided with denitrification apparatus, described denitrification apparatus comprises that upper end is fixed on a plurality of oxidant spraying devices of cabin intracoelomic cavity, described oxidant spraying device is connected with the oxidant reserving chamber that oxidizing agent solution is housed, intracoelomic cavity lower end, described cabin is positioned at the right-hand connecting plate that is connected with of oxidant spraying device, between described connecting plate upper end and intracoelomic cavity top, cabin, be connected with pipeline one end, in the body of described cabin, in connecting plate right side, urea solution is housed, the described pipeline other end stretches in urea solution.
2. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: intracoelomic cavity upper end, described cabin is positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device left and is provided with parabola air ducting, described parabola air ducting comprises that one end is fixed on two the first side plates of intracoelomic cavity upper end, cabin, two first side plate other ends are to downward-extension and be positioned at doctor solution atomized water spraying device below, between two the first side plates, be interval with from left to right a plurality of parabola shaped leaf wings that are, the end that suspends of described leaf wing is towards lower right, between adjacent leaf wing, form air-guiding hole.
3. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, is characterized in that: also comprise gas tank, described gas tank is connected with tracheae, and the top of doctor solution atomized water spraying device one side is stretched in described tracheae upper end.
4. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: intracoelomic cavity top, described cabin is provided with the card of horizontal positioned, described card and intracoelomic cavity top, cabin and the second side plate that is positioned at each filter chamber border are connected to form a plurality of air-purifying chambers, the second side plate that is positioned at the leftmost side extends downward intracoelomic cavity bottom, cabin, the second side plate that is positioned at the rightmost side extends downward intracoelomic cavity bottom surface, cabin, its middle part is provided with filtration exhanst gas outlet, each filter chamber injection tube is arranged at respectively in corresponding air-purifying chamber, described card surface is provided with a plurality of steam vents, described in each, the suitable for reading of dedusting filtering bag is individually fixed in each steam vent, on described card, on the position of corresponding each filter chamber, be respectively equipped with filtration gas approach.
5. desulfurization according to claim 4, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: described in each, filter gas approach top and be respectively equipped with lifting cylinder, described in each, lifting cylinder is individually fixed on air-purifying chamber, described in each, the piston-rod lower end of lifting cylinder bottom is connected with respectively and can opens and closes the lift valve that filters gas approach, and described in each, lift valve lays respectively in each air-purifying chamber.
6. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: described in each, dedusting filtering bag is to be made by porous filter cloth, described in each, dedusting filtering bag upper end is connected with stainless steel reinforcing mat, and described in each, stainless steel reinforcing mat is individually fixed on each steam vent.
7. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: described cabin intracoelomic cavity is provided with at least one first dividing plate between doctor solution atomized water spraying device and slaked lime powder spraying device, upper end or the lower end of cabin intracoelomic cavity is fixed in one end of described the first dividing plate, and form the first through hole between the first dividing plate and cabin body, adjacent the first dividing plate is presented, under be interspersed in the body of cabin, a plurality of described oxidant spraying devices are comprised of a plurality of the first oxidant spraying devices and a plurality of the second oxidant spraying device, a plurality of the second oxidant spraying devices are positioned at the right-hand of a plurality of the first oxidant spraying devices, intracoelomic cavity upper end, described cabin is in first, between dioxy agent spraying device, be connected with second partition, described first, dioxy agent spraying device upper end is individually fixed in a left side for second partition, upper end, right side, between described second partition below and cabin body, form the second through hole, described cabin intracoelomic cavity is connected with at least one dividing plate between the second oxidant spraying device and connecting plate, inner chamber upper end or the lower end of cabin body is fixed in described dividing plate one end, between described dividing plate and cabin body, form through hole, adjacent separator is presented, the lower staggered cabin intracoelomic cavity that is fixed on.
8. desulfurization according to claim 7, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: described the first ash bucket lower end is connected with circulating ash and returns to storehouse pump, described the second ash bucket lower end is connected with pneumatic transporting ash silo pump, described pneumatic transporting ash silo pump is connected with described gas tank by pipeline, the position of body lower end, described cabin between denitrification apparatus left side and dividing plate right side is connected with the first collection bucket, the position of body lower end, described cabin between connecting plate and body right side, cabin is connected with the second collection bucket, described the first collection bucket lower end connects oxidation solution circulating pump, described oxidation solution circulating pump is connected with oxidant reserving chamber by circulation fluid pipe, described the second collection bucket lower end connects denitration liquid emptying pump, described denitration liquid emptying pump connected drainage pipe.
9. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: in described urea solution, be provided with porous plate, the level that is described porous plate is fixed on connecting plate and cabin body inwall, described lower end of duct is through porous plate, and described porous plate is provided with the corrosion resistant plate in a plurality of holes by two surfaces and is sandwiched in two stainless steel fibre felts between corrosion resistant plate and is formed by connecting.
10. desulfurization according to claim 1, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier, it is characterized in that: described cabin body upper surface is positioned at connecting plate right side and is provided with the urea solution reserving chamber that urea solution is housed, described urea solution reserving chamber is connected with runner pipe upper end, and described runner pipe lower end faces the urea solution on body right side, cabin.
CN201420042551.XU 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 Desulfuration, dedusting and denitration integrated flue gas cleaner Withdrawn - After Issue CN203777911U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785275A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-14 冀文平 Desulfurization, dedusting and denitration integrated flue-gas purifier
CN105498467A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 荷丰(天津)化工工程有限公司 Desulfuration and dust removal reactor

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785275A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-14 冀文平 Desulfurization, dedusting and denitration integrated flue-gas purifier
CN103785275B (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-09-02 冀文平 Desulfurization, ash disposal, denitration integrated flue gas clarifier
CN105498467A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 荷丰(天津)化工工程有限公司 Desulfuration and dust removal reactor

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