CN203744606U - Air conditioner heat exchanger and integrated air conditioner - Google Patents

Air conditioner heat exchanger and integrated air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203744606U
CN203744606U CN201420116318.1U CN201420116318U CN203744606U CN 203744606 U CN203744606 U CN 203744606U CN 201420116318 U CN201420116318 U CN 201420116318U CN 203744606 U CN203744606 U CN 203744606U
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China
Prior art keywords
tube
tubule
refrigerant
heat exchanger
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420116318.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹志国
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Huimin County, Shandong province new energy air conditioning equipment Co., Ltd.
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曹志国
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Priority to CN201420116318.1U priority Critical patent/CN203744606U/en
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Publication of CN203744606U publication Critical patent/CN203744606U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an air conditioner heat exchanger and an integrated air conditioner. The air conditioner heat exchanger comprises a spiral outer tube and an inner tube sleeved with the spiral outer tube. The air conditioner heat exchanger is characterized in that two ends of the outer tube are open while two ends of the inner tube are closed, and a first chamber is formed between the inner wall of the outer tube and the outer wall of the inner tube; at least one thin tube is sleeved with the inner tube, and two ends of each thin tube penetrate through the two closed ends of the inner tube to be communicated with the first chamber; a closed refrigerant cavity is formed between the outer wall of each thin tube and the inner wall of the inner tube; a first refrigerant tube and a second refrigerant tube which are communicated with the refrigerant cavity and the external space are arranged in positions, which are close to the two ends, of the inner tube. The air conditioner heat exchanger has the benefits as follows: the at least one thin tube is arranged in the thin tube, so that the heat exchange area of Freon and water is increased, the heat exchange area can be increased by 90% in particular when three thin tubes are arranged, the heat exchange efficiency is improved greatly, and temperature adjustment is more efficient.

Description

A kind of air-condition heat exchanger and integral air conditioner
Technical field
The utility model belongs to heat exchanger technology apparatus field, the integral air conditioner that is specifically related to a kind of air-condition heat exchanger and makes with this heat exchanger.
Background technology
Air-conditioning, as the term suggests be the abbreviation of air regulator, is that a class utilizes heat exchange principle to change the machine of air themperature.Modal air-conditioning adopts freon to freeze as cold-producing medium.But the common end of fluorine unit when such air conditioner refrigerating is 4-7 DEG C, and temperature is lower, easily indoor occupant is caused to sense of discomfort.In the time heating, often carry out auxiliary heating by electric calorifie installation again, therefore cause power consumption too much.Especially under extreme weather conditions, further aggravation power consumption, is undoubtedly the big power consumer in life staying idle at home.
In order to make air-conditioning to Green Electrical Apparatus future development, people have invented water air-conditioning, utilize water to replace freon to freeze, and principle is to utilize the lower refrigeration object that reaches of self temperature of underground water or running water.The advantage of water air-conditioning is to greatly reduce power consumption, has realized energy-conservation refrigeration.And its simple structure, cost is low, and it is convenient to install, and is more suitable for general family and uses.Weak point is to be used for refrigeration and cannot heats, and the refrigeration under sweltering hot weather condition is poor, and also larger to the consumption of water.Although be to have utilized reproducible water resource to freeze, be running water due to what use, therefore, from refrigeration cost, such air-conditioning may not be more to one's profit than traditional air-conditioning.Therefore, the universal of water air-conditioning is also restricted.
Further, in order to overcome traditional air conditioning energy consumption greatly and the poor defect of water air conditioning function, a kind of ground source heat pump type air-conditioning appears in people's the visual field.Ground source heat pump type air-conditioning is to utilize underground shallow layer geothermal energy resources, comprise underground water, soil and surface water etc., class air-conditioner that not only can heat supply but also can freeze, only input a small amount of electric energy and can realize cold and hot conversion, greatly reduce energy resource consumption, and institute's water is from underground shallow layer, after circulation, enter again in underground shallow layer, water cost also reduces greatly.And air conditioning terminal is 7-12 DEG C, be compared to traditional air-conditioning, comfort level is higher.
Although ground source heat pump type air-conditioning has overcome the defect of traditional air-conditioning and water air-conditioning, himself also exists other technological deficiency.As: such air-conditioning is all the heat exchange method that adopts fluorine in outer water at present, the underground water that circulates in outer tube, the cold-producing medium (freon) that circulates in inner tube, because water and fluorine only depend on the tube wall of one deck inner tube to carry out heat exchange, and inner tube diameter is less, so heat exchange effect is unsatisfactory.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of heat transfer effect significant energy-saving type air conditioner heat exchanger.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: a kind of air-condition heat exchanger, comprise spiral helicine outer tube and the inner tube that is sleeved on spiral helicine outer tube inside, the open at both ends of outer tube and the sealing two ends of inner tube forms the first chamber between outer tube wall and outer wall of inner tube; In inner tube, be set with at least one tubule, and the two ends of tubule are all through inner tube sealing two ends and the first chamber UNICOM; Between tubule outer wall and inner tube wall, form the refrigerant chamber of sealing; The first refrigerant pipe and second refrigerant pipe of UNICOM's refrigerant chamber and space outerpace are set near end positions place in inner tube.
Preferably, inner tube and tubule are tube wall and are concavo-convex contoured metal tube, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, and the quantity of tubule is two to four, and inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
Preferably, inner tube and tubule are the jagged metal tube of tube wall surface, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, and the quantity of tubule is two to four, and inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
Preferably, outer tube is nickel pipe, aluminum pipe, steel pipe, copper pipe, porcelain tube and armoured one.
A kind of integral air conditioner, comprise cabinet and be arranged on surface cooler, blower fan, compressor, heat exchanger, water loop and the refrigerant loop in cabinet, heat exchanger comprises spiral helicine outer tube and is sleeved on the inner tube of spiral helicine outer tube inside, the open at both ends of outer tube and the sealing two ends of inner tube forms the first chamber between outer tube wall and outer wall of inner tube; In inner tube, be set with at least one tubule, and the two ends of tubule are all through inner tube sealing two ends and the first chamber UNICOM; Between tubule outer wall and inner tube wall, form the refrigerant chamber of sealing; The first refrigerant pipe and second refrigerant pipe of UNICOM's refrigerant chamber and space outerpace are set near end positions place in inner tube; In the first refrigerant pipe and the second refrigerant pipe access refrigerant loop, in the two ends access water loop of outer tube.
Preferably, inner tube and tubule are tube wall and are concavo-convex contoured metal tube, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, and the quantity of tubule is two to four, and inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
Preferably, inner tube and tubule are the jagged metal tube of tube wall surface, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, and the quantity of tubule is two to four, and inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
Preferably, outer tube is nickel pipe, aluminum pipe, steel pipe, copper pipe, porcelain tube and armoured one.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, in inner tube, be provided with tubule, when heat exchange area, the especially tubule that has improved freon and water reaches 3, heat exchange area can increase by 90%, greatly improves heat exchange efficiency, temperature is regulated more efficient.
2, the tube wall of inner tube and tubule is concavo-convex fluctuating shape or has burr structure, can further increase heat exchange area; In addition, the tube wall of inner tube and tubule is thinner, is conducive to heat conduction, is conducive to the raising of heat exchange efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of heat exchanger;
Fig. 2 is the top view of heat exchanger;
Fig. 3 is heat exchanger cross-sectional end view;
Fig. 4 is heat exchanger end annexation figure;
Fig. 5 is inner tube and tubule tube wall surface aspect graph;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of integral air conditioner.
In figure, be labeled as:
1 cabinet; 2 surface coolers; 3 blower fans; 4 refrigerant pipelines; 5 heat exchangers; 6 compressors; 7 cross valves; 8 water inlets; 9 delivery ports; 10 first refrigerant pipes; 11 second refrigerant pipes; 12 water flow switches; 13 outer tubes; 14 inner tubes; 15 tubules; 16 refrigerant chambeies; 17 first chambers; 18 first capillaries; 19 second capillaries; 20 check valves.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the utility model is described further:
Embodiment mono-
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of heat exchanger 5, comprises spiral helicine outer tube 13 and the inner tube 14 that is sleeved on spiral helicine outer tube 13 inside.As shown in Figures 3 and 4, the open at both ends of outer tube 13, one end is that water inlet 8, the other end are delivery port 9, to be connected with outer water tube road, the sealing two ends of inner tube 14, forms the first chamber 17 between outer tube 13 inwalls and inner tube 14 outer walls.In inner tube 14, be set with three tubules 15, and the two ends of tubule 15 are all through inner tube 14 sealing two ends and the first chamber 17 UNICOMs; Between tubule 15 outer walls and inner tube 14 inwalls, form the refrigerant chamber 16 of sealing; The first refrigerant pipe 10 and second refrigerant pipe 11 of UNICOM's refrigerant chamber 16 and space outerpace are set near end positions place in inner tube 14.
In this heat exchanger 5, water is carried by hydraulic pipeline, is entered in the first chamber 17 by one end of outer tube 13.Because 15 first chambers 17 are with tubule 15 intracavity inter-connections, therefore water can fill up the first chamber 17 and tubule 15 inner chambers.After water and cold-producing medium heat exchange, enter hydraulic pipeline from outer tube 13 other ends, and be finally discharged to outside.
Entered in refrigerant chamber 16 by the first refrigerant pipe 10 or the second refrigerant pipe 11 at cold-producing medium, discharge and enter circulation refrigerant pipeline 4 with the refrigerant pipe from the other end after hydrothermal exchange.
In this embodiment, as shown in Fig. 5 (a), inner tube 14 and tubule 15 are tube wall and are concavo-convex contoured metal tube, and the wall thickness of inner tube 14 is 1mm, and external diameter is 1cm.The wall thickness of tubule 15 is 0.5mm, and external diameter is 0.3cm.Outer tube 13 be nickel pipe, aluminum pipe, steel pipe, copper pipe, porcelain tube and flexible metal conduit all can, it does not participate in heat exchange for holding water, therefore without considering the quality of its thermal conduction effect.Employing flexible metal conduit is more corrosion-resistant and pliability is better, need not be processed into spirality, can directly be enclosed within inner tube 14 outer, and plasticity is higher, and cost is lower compared with other material outer tube 13.From the size of inner tube 14 and tubule 15, the heat exchange area increasing after three tubules 15 can increase 90%(3 × 0.3 π ÷ π × 100%=90%).
As shown in Figure 6, a kind of integral air conditioner, comprises cabinet 1 and surface cooler 2, blower fan 3, the compressor 6 of installing in cabinet 1 and the heat exchanger 5 with said structure from top to bottom, comprises in addition the water loop and the refrigerant loop that connect said elements.Between surface cooler 2, cross valve 7, compressor 6 and heat exchanger 5, all connect by refrigerant pipeline 4, between heat exchanger 5 and surface cooler 2, be also provided with check valve 20; Check valve 20 one end by pipeline connect the second refrigerant pipe 11, the other end connects the second capillary 19, the first capillaries 18 and is connected in parallel on check valve 20, thus form can lead refrigerant circulation refrigerant loop.The caliber of the first capillary 18 and the second capillary 19 is all less than the caliber of refrigerant pipeline 4.Outer tube 13 two ends of heat exchanger 5 are connected with outer water tube, and this water pipe is inserted and is embedded in undergroundly, and formation water enters in heat exchanger 5 through outer tube 13 one end, after heat exchange, enters stratum again by outer tube 13 other ends, forms thus circulating water loop.Water flow switch 12 is installed on outer tube 13, current are detected, in the time of water shortage, stop compressor 6 and work, damage in order to avoid cause idle running.
In the present embodiment, cold-producing medium used is freon.
The utility model operation principle and the course of work are as follows:
When refrigeration, cold-producing medium is entered in inner tube 14 by the first refrigerant pipe 10, after heat exchange, is discharged by the second refrigerant pipe 11.The gaseous refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure enters into compressor 6 by refrigerant pipeline 4 by surface cooler 2, and compressor 6, to gaseous refrigerant compressed action, becomes the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP.The cold-producing medium of this state through cross valve 7 enter in the refrigerant chamber 16 of heat exchanger 5 with the first chamber 17 in water carry out heat exchange.After the gaseous refrigerant chance cold water of HTHP, become the liquid refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure, then flow out from the second refrigerant pipe 11, enter the second capillary 19 through check valve 20, after the reducing pressure by regulating flow of the second capillary 19, enter in surface cooler 2 through refrigerant pipeline 4 again.Now, liquid refrigerant and outside air generation heat exchange, and absorb amount of heat in the process of gasification, and lose the air themperature reduction of heat, blow out and form the cold wind that flows by blower fan 3.This process constantly circulates, to reach the object that reduces room temperature.
While heating, cold-producing medium is entered in inner tube 14 by the second refrigerant pipe 11, after heat exchange, is discharged by the first refrigerant pipe 10.The gaseous refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure enters into compressor 6 by refrigerant pipeline 4 by heat exchanger 5, and compressor 6, to gaseous refrigerant compressed action, becomes the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP.The cold-producing medium of this state enters in surface cooler 2 and carries out heat exchange with the external world through cross valve 7, and the gaseous refrigerant of HTHP is met condensation and tied and emit large calorimetric, and after cold air absorbs heat, temperature raises, and is blown out by blower fan 3.Condensed cold-producing medium is through the second capillary 19, then through the first capillary 18 reducing pressure by regulating flows, becomes the liquid refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure.Finally entered in heat exchanger 5 and water generation heat exchange by the second refrigerant pipe 11, absorb the cold-producing medium gasification of heat, then enter refrigerant pipeline 4 by the first refrigerant pipe 10, then enter in compressor 6 through cross valve 7.This process constantly circulates, to reach the object of heating.
Embodiment bis-
Be with embodiment mono-difference, as shown in Fig. 5 (b), the tube wall surface of inner tube 14 and tubule 15 is all jagged, also can increase thus heat exchange area, thereby improves rate of heat exchange.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not the restriction of the utility model being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not depart from, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling above embodiment done according to technical spirit of the present utility model, still belong to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an air-condition heat exchanger, comprises spiral helicine outer tube and is sleeved on the inner tube of spiral helicine outer tube inside, it is characterized in that: the open at both ends of outer tube and the sealing two ends of inner tube forms the first chamber between outer tube wall and outer wall of inner tube;
In inner tube, be set with at least one tubule, and the two ends of tubule are all through inner tube sealing two ends and the first chamber UNICOM;
Between tubule outer wall and inner tube wall, form the refrigerant chamber of sealing;
The first refrigerant pipe and second refrigerant pipe of UNICOM's refrigerant chamber and space outerpace are set near end positions place in inner tube.
2. a kind of air-condition heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: inner tube and tubule are tube wall and are concavo-convex contoured metal tube, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, the quantity of tubule is two to four, inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
3. a kind of air-condition heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: inner tube and tubule are the jagged metal tube of tube wall surface, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, the quantity of tubule is two to four, inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
4. according to the arbitrary described a kind of air-condition heat exchanger of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that: outer tube is nickel pipe, aluminum pipe, steel pipe, copper pipe, porcelain tube and armoured one.
5. an integral air conditioner, comprise cabinet and be arranged on surface cooler, blower fan, compressor, heat exchanger, water loop and the refrigerant loop in cabinet, it is characterized in that: heat exchanger comprises spiral helicine outer tube and is sleeved on the inner tube of spiral helicine outer tube inside, the open at both ends of outer tube and the sealing two ends of inner tube forms the first chamber between outer tube wall and outer wall of inner tube; In inner tube, be set with at least one tubule, and the two ends of tubule are all through inner tube sealing two ends and the first chamber UNICOM; Between tubule outer wall and inner tube wall, form the refrigerant chamber of sealing; The first refrigerant pipe and second refrigerant pipe of UNICOM's refrigerant chamber and space outerpace are set near end positions place in inner tube;
In the first refrigerant pipe and the second refrigerant pipe access refrigerant loop, in the two ends access water loop of outer tube.
6. a kind of integral air conditioner according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: inner tube and tubule are tube wall and are concavo-convex contoured metal tube, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, the quantity of tubule is two to four, inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
7. a kind of integral air conditioner according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: inner tube and tubule are the jagged metal tube of tube wall surface, and both wall thickness are 0.5 ~ 1mm, the quantity of tubule is two to four, inner tube external diameter is 1 ~ 1.5cm, and the external diameter of tubule is 0.3cm.
8. according to the arbitrary described a kind of integral air conditioner of claim 5 to 7, it is characterized in that: outer tube is nickel pipe, aluminum pipe, steel pipe, copper pipe, porcelain tube and armoured one.
CN201420116318.1U 2014-03-15 2014-03-15 Air conditioner heat exchanger and integrated air conditioner Expired - Fee Related CN203744606U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420116318.1U CN203744606U (en) 2014-03-15 2014-03-15 Air conditioner heat exchanger and integrated air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420116318.1U CN203744606U (en) 2014-03-15 2014-03-15 Air conditioner heat exchanger and integrated air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203744606U true CN203744606U (en) 2014-07-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104406316A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-03-11 安徽宿州懂你电力工程有限公司 Geothermal heat exchange device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104406316A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-03-11 安徽宿州懂你电力工程有限公司 Geothermal heat exchange device

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20161214

Address after: Qinghe town 256600 Shandong city of Binzhou Province Wang Cun, Huimin County, Kao Tong

Patentee after: Huimin County, Shandong province new energy air conditioning equipment Co., Ltd.

Address before: Wang Zhen Hang Village 256509 Shandong city of Binzhou province Boxing County No. 20 Cao

Patentee before: Cao Zhiguo

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140730

Termination date: 20170315

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee