CN203744372U - Fuel oil heater - Google Patents

Fuel oil heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203744372U
CN203744372U CN201320616624.7U CN201320616624U CN203744372U CN 203744372 U CN203744372 U CN 203744372U CN 201320616624 U CN201320616624 U CN 201320616624U CN 203744372 U CN203744372 U CN 203744372U
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China
Prior art keywords
wick
circle
tooth bar
square
lampwick
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Active
Application number
CN201320616624.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林金水
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUAN DA JIN LONG MOTOR Co Ltd
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FUAN DA JIN LONG MOTOR Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320616624.7U priority Critical patent/CN203744372U/en
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Publication of CN203744372U publication Critical patent/CN203744372U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fuel oil heater. The fuel oil heater comprises a housing, a furnace body oil tank, a movable oil drum, as well as a lampwick device and a combustion chamber which are mounted on the furnace body oil tank, wherein the lampwick device is fixed on the furnace body oil tank through a lampwick seat; a furnace tray is arranged on the lower edge, extending outwards, of the lampwick seat, an ignition device is fixed at the side part of the ignition device, and the furnace tray supports the combustion chamber; the lampwick device comprises the lampwick seat, a rack ring, a fixing ring, a lampwick ring and a positioning ring; a forward direction chute is formed in the surface of the rack ring; a reverse direction chute is formed in the surface of the fixing ring; a convex nail is arranged on the inner surface of the lampwick ring, sequentially penetrates through the forward direction chute and the reverse direction chute, and rotates forwardly and reversely through the rack ring to adjust the up-and-down action of the lampwick ring. According to the utility model, the rack ring, the fixing ring and the lampwick ring of the lampwick device are sequentially and concentrically nested with one another, so that the up-and-down adjustment of a lampwick can be more flexible and convenient, and the assembly and the replacement of the lampwick are facilitated.

Description

A kind of fuel oil warmer
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to warmer field, particularly a kind ofly take the fuel oil warmer that kerosene is fuel.
Background technology:
Fuel oil warmer and electric heating device are complementary products, and it can be widely used in power tense, or there is no the place of electric power facility, and its independence and mobility strong, both can be used as civilianly, be also applicable to the need of some emergent place heatings.The structure of existing fuel oil warmer, the wick device, combustion chamber, igniter etc. that include housing, body of heater fuel tank, mobile oil drum and be arranged on body of heater fuel tank top.As patent CN2911488Y, a kind of kerosene heater by name, is that so the wick device of this patent and the design of combustion chamber exist defect, the inconvenience of wick descending operation, and also igniter is unreasonable.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is that a kind of wick device of design is more reasonable, the fuel oil warmer that wick descending operation is more easy.
Technical solutions of the utility model are achieved in that a kind of fuel oil warmer, include housing, body of heater fuel tank, mobile oil drum and are arranged on wick device, the combustion chamber on body of heater fuel tank; Wick device is fixed on body of heater fuel tank by wick holder, under wick holder, along abduction, has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, and sidepiece is fixed with igniter, and combustion chamber is being put in this stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire holder; Described combustion chamber comprises hurricane globe, outer square, is fixed on the cloche between hurricane globe and outer square, connecting rod by right-angled intersection in hurricane globe is fixed with respectively interior hole pattern and outer hole pattern, and the wick combustion flame in wick device is aimed at the gap of inside and outside hole pattern; Described outer square is fixed on outer hole pattern top, and outer square is evenly equipped with through hole, the gap of the corresponding cloche of this through hole and outer hole pattern; Described interior hole pattern top is fixed with interior square with holes; It is characterized in that wick device comprises wick holder, tooth bar circle, retainer plate, wick circle and centring ring; Described tooth bar circle surface offers positive down folds more than twice, retainer plate surface offers reverse skewed slot corresponding with positive down fold on tooth bar circle, opposite direction; Wick circle inner surface is provided with and hangs core tooth, outer surface is provided with and the protruding nail of the corresponding number of positive down fold, and this protruding nail through the reverse skewed slot of retainer plate and the positive down fold of tooth bar circle, by the forward and reverse rotation of tooth bar circle, regulates wick circle lifting action successively; Under described tooth bar circle, the waisting portion at centring ring is set up on edge, and can do and rotate relative to this centring ring; After under described wick holder, align with edge on centring ring in edge, by bolt, lock on body of heater fuel tank, tooth bar circle, retainer plate and wick circle be concentric intussusception successively, and tooth bar circle is constrained between wick holder and centring ring; Described tooth bar circle surface is embedded with tooth bar, this tooth bar and adjusting gear engagement, and the arbor of this adjusting gear passes wick holder, and extends to outside housing, in arbor end, is fixed with knob.
Described body of heater fuel tank is provided with the wick cylinder of air inlet, and this wick cylinder passes body of heater fuel tank, and is upward through wick circle, and height is suitable with wick holder, and is provided with air door at top.
Described igniter is ignition, ignition comprises booster circuit and positive and negative sparking electrode, booster circuit is fixed on wick holder by support, the positive and negative sparking electrode being electrically connected to booster circuit is distributed in edge on wick holder, and keeps this positive and negative sparking electrode and wick spacing within five millimeters.
The outer net of described combustion chamber covers square set and is provided with an outer net cap, between this outer net cap and outer net cover down, forms an air gap, and described outer net cap has the central opening suitable with outer square diameter; Between described outer net cap and interior square, be provided with combustion-supporting circle.
Described Intranet tops central authorities are provided with an inverted cone shape block, and this block outer extends to combustion-supporting circle place, highly not higher than combustion-supporting circle; Described block top is also provided with the umbrella crown of a slotted hole, and umbrella crown diameter is not less than the diameter of interior hole pattern, and umbrella crown edge is higher than combustion-supporting circle more than ten millimeters.
The shell inner surface at rear portion, described combustion chamber is provided with reflector.
The utility model is optimized design to existing fuel oil warmer, and wick device middle rack circle, retainer plate and wick circle be concentric intussusception scheme successively, makes wick lift adjustment more flexible, is also convenient to assembling and changes wick; Top of combustion chamber is set up combustion-supporting circle, makes the second-time burning of high hot cigarette vapour, also can increase heat radiation; In Intranet, cover block and the umbrella crown of setting up inverted cone shape again, be combined into tail gas clean-up chamber, more meet environmental requirement; Auxiliary electron igniter, can make to light a fire more convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Below in conjunction with concrete legend, the utility model is described further:
Fig. 1 fuel oil warmer schematic perspective view
Fig. 2 internal structure schematic diagram
Fig. 3 internal structure decomposing schematic representation
Fig. 4 wick device schematic diagram
Fig. 5 wick device three-dimensional exploded view
Fig. 6 combustion chamber three-dimensional exploded view
Wherein
1-housing, 11-reflector, 2-body of heater fuel tank, 21-mobile oil drum
22-wick cylinder, 3-wick device, 31-wick holder, 311-stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire
32-tooth bar circle 321-positive down fold 322-tooth bar 33-retainer plate
331-reverse skewed slot 34-wick circle 341-extension core tooth 342-protruding nail
35-centring ring, 351-waisting portion, 4-combustion chamber, 41-hurricane globe
42-outer square 420-through hole, 43-cloche, 44-connecting rod
45-interior hole pattern 46-outer hole pattern 47-interior square 471-block
472-umbrella crown, 48-outer net cap 49-combustion-supporting circle 5-igniter
51-booster circuit 52-positive and negative sparking electrode 53-support, 54-power switch
6-adjusting gear, 61-arbor, 62-knob, 7-bolt
The specific embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, fuel oil warmer, includes housing 1, body of heater fuel tank 2, mobile oil drum 21 and is arranged on wick device 3, the combustion chamber 4 on body of heater fuel tank 2; In combustion chamber, housing 1 inner surface at 4 rear portions is provided with reflector 11, improves heat radiation and reflects to warmer the place ahead; Wick device 3 is fixed on body of heater fuel tank 2 by wick holder 31, and wick holder has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 311 along abduction 31 times, and sidepiece is fixed with igniter 5, and combustion chamber 4, the integral body that formation can be disassembled are one by one being put in these stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 311 holders.
With reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, wick device 3 comprises wick holder 31, tooth bar circle 32, retainer plate 33, wick circle 34 and centring ring 35; Tooth bar circle 32 surfaces offer positive down folds 321 more than twice, and Bing Yi tri-roads are distributed on surface for good, another, are also embedded with tooth bar 322 on tooth bar circle 32 surfaces; Retainer plate 33 surfaces offer reverse skewed slot 331 corresponding with positive down fold 321 on tooth bar circle 32, opposite direction; Wick circle 34 inner surfaces are provided with and hang core tooth 341, outer surface is provided with protruding nail 342, and the number of protruding nail 342 is corresponding with positive down fold 321 quantity, and this protruding nail 342 is successively through the reverse skewed slot 331 of retainer plate and the positive down fold 321 of tooth bar circle.The forward and reverse rotation of tooth bar circle 32, the through hole of forward groove 321 and opposing slot 331 cross occurrence can rise thereupon or move down, with this force through protruding nail 342 up or decline, realize and regulate wick circle 34 lifting actions, more particularly, can drive wick lifting, to regulate the size of lighting flame, and flame-out action, described wick is close to wick circle 34 inner surfaces, can be hung core tooth 341 and be tangled, be convenient for changing operation, wick not shown in FIG.; The waisting portion 351 at centring ring 35 is set up on 32 times edges of tooth bar circle, and can do and rotate relative to this centring ring 35; 31 times edges of wick holder with on centring ring 35 along after aliging, by bolt 7 lockings, on body of heater fuel tank 2, after the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 311 that more specifically says 31 times edges of wick holder aligns with centring ring 35, lock on body of heater fuel tank 2.
Described tooth bar circle 32, retainer plate 33 and wick circle 34 be concentric intussusception successively, and tooth bar circle 32 is constrained between wick holder 31 and centring ring 35; Adjusting gear 6 meshes with the tooth bar 322 that tooth bar circle 32 surfaces are fixed with, and the arbor 61 of this adjusting gear passes wick holder 31, and extends to outside housing 1, in arbor 61 ends, is fixed with knob 62.Rotation knob 62 gets final product the height of flexible modulation wick, also regulates flame size, and flame-out operation.
In conjunction with Fig. 3, body of heater fuel tank 2 is provided with the wick cylinder 22 of air inlet, and this wick cylinder 22 passes body of heater fuel tank 2, and is upward through wick circle 34, and height is suitable with wick holder 31, and at top, is provided with air door 221.Make wick between wick cylinder 22 and wick holder 31, once wick end, lower than edge on wick holder 31, is realized flame-out; Utilize wick cylinder 22 from wick central oxygen supplying, supplement central oxygen-deficient problem.
Igniter 5 in this example, select ignition, ignition comprises booster circuit 51 and positive and negative sparking electrode 52, booster circuit 51 is fixed on wick holder 31 by support 53, and the positive and negative sparking electrode 52 being electrically connected to booster circuit 51 is distributed in edge on wick holder 31, and keeps this positive and negative sparking electrode 52 and wick spacing within five millimeters, so that discharge spark is lighted wick, during ignition operation, only need press the power switch 54 on housing 1, can be to booster circuit 51 power supplies.
With reference to Fig. 6, combustion chamber 4 comprises hurricane globe 41, outer square 42, be fixed on the cloche 43 of 42 of hurricane globe 41 and outer squares, connecting rod 44 by right-angled intersection in hurricane globe 41 is fixed with respectively interior hole pattern 45 and outer hole pattern 46, and the wick combustion flame in wick device 3 is aimed at the gap of inside and outside hole pattern 45,46; Outer square 42 is fixed on outer hole pattern 46 tops, and outer square 42 is evenly equipped with through hole 420, the gap of the corresponding cloche 43 of this through hole 420 and outer hole pattern 46; And interior hole pattern 45 tops are also fixed with interior square 47 with holes; Above described outer square 42, be arranged with an outer net cap 48, this outer net cap 48 and outer square form an air gap between Shang Xia 42, and outer net cap 48 has the central opening suitable with outer square 42 diameters; Between outer net cap 48 and interior square 47, be provided with combustion-supporting circle 49, the inadequate tail gas that makes to burn is further burnt; Interior square 47 center of top are also provided with an inverted cone shape block 471, and these 471 outers of blocking a shot extend to combustion-supporting circle 49 places, highly not higher than combustion-supporting circle 49; Described block 471 tops are also provided with the umbrella crown 472 of a slotted hole, and umbrella crown 472 diameters are not less than the diameter of interior hole pattern 45, and umbrella crown 472 edges are higher than combustion-supporting circle more than 490 millimeters.By block 471 and umbrella crown 472, form clean room, the tail gas of discharge is carried out to catharsis.

Claims (6)

1. a fuel oil warmer, includes housing (1), body of heater fuel tank (2), mobile oil drum (21) and is arranged on wick device (3), combustion chamber (4) on body of heater fuel tank (2); It is upper that wick device (3) is fixed on body of heater fuel tank (2) by wick holder (31), under wick holder (31), along abduction, has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (311), and sidepiece is fixed with igniter (5), and combustion chamber (4) is being put in this stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (311) holder; Described combustion chamber (4) comprises hurricane globe (41), outer square (42), is fixed on the cloche (43) between hurricane globe (41) and outer square (42), connecting rod (44) by right-angled intersection in hurricane globe (41) is fixed with respectively interior hole pattern (45) and outer hole pattern (46), and the wick combustion flame in wick device (3) is aimed at the gap of inside and outside hole pattern (45), (46); Described outer square (42) is fixed on outer hole pattern (46) top, and outer square (42) is evenly equipped with through hole (420), the gap of the corresponding cloche of this through hole (420) (43) and outer hole pattern (46); Described interior hole pattern (45) top is fixed with interior square with holes (47); It is characterized in that wick device (3) comprises wick holder (31), tooth bar circle (32), retainer plate (33), wick circle (34) and centring ring (35); Described tooth bar circle (32) surface offers positive down folds (321) more than twice, retainer plate (33) surface offers reverse skewed slot (331) corresponding with the upper positive down fold (321) of tooth bar circle (32), opposite direction; Wick circle (34) inner surface is provided with and hangs core tooth (341), outer surface is provided with and the protruding nail (342) of the corresponding number of positive down fold (321), this protruding nail (342) is successively through the reverse skewed slot (331) of retainer plate and the positive down fold (321) of tooth bar circle, by the forward and reverse rotation of tooth bar circle (32), regulate wick circle (34) lifting action; Described tooth bar circle (32) is lower to setting up the waisting portion (351) at centring ring (35), and can do relative to this centring ring (35) and rotate; After aliging with the upper edge of centring ring (35) in the lower edge of described wick holder (31), by bolt 7, lock on body of heater fuel tank (2), tooth bar circle (32), retainer plate (33) and wick circle (34) be concentric intussusception successively, and tooth bar circle (32) is constrained between wick holder (31) and centring ring (35); Described tooth bar circle (32) surface is embedded with tooth bar (322), this tooth bar (322) and adjusting gear (6) engagement, the arbor of this adjusting gear (61) passes wick holder (31), and extends to outside housing (1), in arbor (61) end, is fixed with knob (62).
2. a kind of fuel oil warmer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that body of heater fuel tank (2) is provided with the wick cylinder (22) of air inlet, this wick cylinder (22) is through body of heater fuel tank (2), and be upward through wick circle (34), height is suitable with wick holder (31), and at top, is provided with air door (221).
3. a kind of fuel oil warmer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that igniter (5) is for ignition, ignition comprises booster circuit (51) and positive and negative sparking electrode (52), booster circuit (51) is fixed on wick holder (31) by support (53), the positive and negative sparking electrode (52) being electrically connected to booster circuit (51) is distributed in the upper edge of wick holder (31), and keeps this positive and negative sparking electrode (52) and wick spacing within five millimeters.
4. a kind of fuel oil warmer according to claim 1, outer square (42) top that it is characterized in that combustion chamber (4) is arranged with an outer net cap (48), between this outer net cap (48) and outer square (42) are upper and lower, form an air gap, described outer net cap (48) has the central opening suitable with outer square (42) diameter; Between described outer net cap (48) and interior square (47), be provided with combustion-supporting circle (49).
5. a kind of fuel oil warmer according to claim 4, is characterized in that interior square (47) center of top is provided with an inverted cone shape block (471), and this block (471) outer extends to combustion-supporting circle (49) and locates, highly not higher than combustion-supporting circle (49); Described block (471) top is also provided with the umbrella crown (472) of a slotted hole, and umbrella crown (472) diameter is not less than the diameter of interior hole pattern (45), and umbrella crown (472) edge is higher than combustion-supporting circle more than (49) ten millimeters.
6. a kind of fuel oil warmer according to claim 1, is characterized in that housing (1) inner surface at rear portion, combustion chamber (4) is provided with reflector (11).
CN201320616624.7U 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 Fuel oil heater Active CN203744372U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320616624.7U CN203744372U (en) 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 Fuel oil heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320616624.7U CN203744372U (en) 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 Fuel oil heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203744372U true CN203744372U (en) 2014-07-30

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ID=51344164

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320616624.7U Active CN203744372U (en) 2013-10-08 2013-10-08 Fuel oil heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203744372U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111174270A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-05-19 张英华 Heating system of fuel wall-mounted boiler and control method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111174270A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-05-19 张英华 Heating system of fuel wall-mounted boiler and control method

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