CN2036585U - 低水头微小型水轮机 - Google Patents

低水头微小型水轮机 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2036585U
CN2036585U CN88218302U CN88218302U CN2036585U CN 2036585 U CN2036585 U CN 2036585U CN 88218302 U CN88218302 U CN 88218302U CN 88218302 U CN88218302 U CN 88218302U CN 2036585 U CN2036585 U CN 2036585U
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water
water turbine
casing
head
turbine
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CN88218302U
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吴才荣
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/50Hydropower in dwellings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

一种微小型水轮机,金属机壳的上面有盖板、进水管、机壳、尾水管共同组成封闭式连通体结构,进水管口处水头的势能几乎全部作用于叶轮上,效率比敞开式机壳的水轮机提高10%左右,且无需构筑拦坝、水槽等水工建筑,只要0.7米以上水头将地脚固定便可使用,造价较低、安装方便、特别适用于农村山区单家独户用于发电、碾米、抽水等。

Description

本实用新型涉及一种水轮机,特别是一种低水头微小型水轮机,用于带动微小型发电机、碾米机、抽水机等机械。
公知的低水头微小型水轮机由主轴、叶轮、机壳和尾水管组成,机壳用金属或水泥做成,上面是敞开的,因而不能利用水流的全部势能,效率较低;同时安装时必须构筑拦坝、水槽等工程量较大的水工建筑,总造价较高且安装不方便,这是其缺点。
本实用新型的任务是提供这样一种微小型水轮机,效率较高,总造价较低且安装方便。
本实用新型的任务是用如下方式实现的:在金属机壳的上面加密封板,将机壳封闭即不敞开,并用封闭式的进水管与机壳和尾水管一起组成一个封闭式连通整体,即除进水管口和尾水管口供水流进出外,整个系统是封闭的,水流不能进出。这样,只要有足够的水量,水头的势能几乎全部作用到叶轮上,从而可提高效率10%左右,只要0.7米水头便可用于发电,由于整机组成了封闭式连通整体,无须构筑拦坝、水槽等水工建筑,只需将机壳上的地脚固定即可,因而总造价降低,安装较方便,这是本实用新型的优点。
下面结合附图对本实用新型作进一步的描述:
参见附图:(1)为进水管;(2)为机壳;(3)为主轴;(4)为导流盘;(5)为叶轮;(6)为尾水管;(7)为密封板。
如图所示:机壳(2)上面有密封板(7)而不敞开,进水管(1)、机壳(2)和尾水管(6)组成为一个封闭式连通体结构。即除了进水管口和尾水管口供水流进出外,整个系统对水流是封闭的,这样,只要流量足够大,进水管(1)进口处的水头压力几乎全部作用到叶轮(5)上。由于整机成为一个整体,可在机壳(2)上装上机架或地脚安装孔,而无须构筑拦坝、水槽等水工建筑,造价较低、安装较方便,特别适用于有小水流的山区单家独户使用。

Claims (1)

1、一种水轮机,由进水管(1)、机壳(2)、主轴(3)、叶轮(5)、尾水管(6)组成,其特征在于:机壳(2)上有密封盖(7),进水管(1)、机壳(2)和尾水管(6)组成封闭式连通体结构。
CN88218302U 1988-08-17 1988-08-17 低水头微小型水轮机 Withdrawn CN2036585U (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN88218302U CN2036585U (zh) 1988-08-17 1988-08-17 低水头微小型水轮机

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN88218302U CN2036585U (zh) 1988-08-17 1988-08-17 低水头微小型水轮机

Publications (1)

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CN2036585U true CN2036585U (zh) 1989-04-26

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CN88218302U Withdrawn CN2036585U (zh) 1988-08-17 1988-08-17 低水头微小型水轮机

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CN (1) CN2036585U (zh)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105452646A (zh) * 2013-08-05 2016-03-30 P·S·库里斯 用于发电的组件
CN112343747A (zh) * 2019-08-07 2021-02-09 江苏海事职业技术学院 一种立体小型水轮机

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105452646A (zh) * 2013-08-05 2016-03-30 P·S·库里斯 用于发电的组件
CN105452646B (zh) * 2013-08-05 2020-04-03 P·S·库里斯 用于发电的组件
CN112343747A (zh) * 2019-08-07 2021-02-09 江苏海事职业技术学院 一种立体小型水轮机

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