CN203448743U - Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine - Google Patents

Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203448743U
CN203448743U CN201320531756.XU CN201320531756U CN203448743U CN 203448743 U CN203448743 U CN 203448743U CN 201320531756 U CN201320531756 U CN 201320531756U CN 203448743 U CN203448743 U CN 203448743U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tool post
upper tool
numerical control
piece
transmission
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320531756.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖军
黄伟
徐晓彬
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Jiangsu Yawei Machine Tool Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Yawei Machine Tool Co Ltd
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Filing date
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Application filed by Jiangsu Yawei Machine Tool Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Yawei Machine Tool Co Ltd
Priority to CN201320531756.XU priority Critical patent/CN203448743U/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2013/087845 external-priority patent/WO2015027587A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203448743U publication Critical patent/CN203448743U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine, comprising a machine body (1) and an upper knife rest (2), wherein the upper part of the upper knife rest (2) is provided with at least four driving mechanisms for driving the upper knife rest (2) to vertically move, and the resultant moment of longitudinal component forces applied to the upper knife rest (2) by the driving mechanisms is zero. The numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine can control four force bearing points to precisely and synchronously operate by adopting two servo motors, lateral force generated in the shearing process is not completely borne by a ball linear guide on the side face of the upper knife rest any more, and three driving points are also positioned right above a shearing load, so that most of the shearing load can be borne, the tilting moment generated on the center of the upper knife rest by the shearing moment is basically offset, the influence on the operation of the upper knife rest generated by stress deformation of the ball linear guide due to workload is greatly reduced, the operation is smoother, and the shearing precision is high; all transmission structures adopt a rolling friction manner, so that the energy loss is lower.

Description

A kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of plate shearing machine, relates to specifically a kind of four point pressure servo main transmission mechanisms of numerical control right-angle plate shearing.
Background technology
Right-angled plate shearing machine is a kind of two mutual rectangular blades that have, and can carry out to plate the lathe of square shearing.Numerical control right-angle plate shearing can be combined into NC punching and shearing machine with numerical control press, the punching of sheet material and cutting operation can be completed in the lump, is a kind of high efficiency flexible production line.
The main transmission structure of numerical control right-angle plate shearing mainly contains several forms below, a kind of is fluid pressure type, it mainly includes hydraulic power unit, hydraulic power unit is by valve group, oil pipe is connected with hydraulic jack, the cylinder body of hydraulic jack is fixed on fuselage, the piston rod of hydraulic jack is connected with upper tool post, the upper tool post of installing blade is arranged on fuselage through the upright guide rail slide block mechanism arranging, can realize and pumping, on fuselage below upper tool post, be provided with the bottom knife mutually mating with cutter, cutter and bottom knife form by two orthogonal blades.During hydraulic jack work, can drive upper tool post to move downward, cutter and bottom knife collaborative work, be die-cut into right angle by plate.Its obvious weak point is: this device need to arrange the cooling system of hydraulic oil, the leakage of hydraulic oil and waste oil disposal meeting cause certain environmental pollution, while working in addition, oil pump in hydraulic power unit is continuous operation, can produce a large amount of heat energy losses, when not shearing, plate shearing machine in power consumption, can not produce a large amount of energy consumptions yet yet.
Another kind is clutch type, and it comprises motor, and the output shaft of motor is connected with one end of clutch, and the clutch other end drives the swing arm campaign of swing-type plate shears, and plate is carried out to shearing.Its obvious weak point is: in this device, motor is also in running order all the time, and energy consumption is also higher.In addition, the cutting stroke of existing right-angled plate shearing machine all needs on-the-spot adjustment, and its adjustment mode is mechanical type adjustment, regulate the speed slow, and precision is difficult to obtain assurance.
The main transmission structure that also has a kind of single-point bulb type, its primary structure includes fuselage, the upper tool post being connected with fuselage by upright guide rail slide block, servomotor and bearing block are installed on fuselage, the output shaft of servomotor is connected with the back shaft upper end of hollow with synchronous pulley through Timing Belt, back shaft is in bearing is arranged on bearing block, back shaft is connected with ball screw kinematic pair, screw mandrel upper end is stretched in the back shaft of hollow, lower end is connected with the axle head of ball rod, and the ball head of the lower end of ball rod divides cooperation to be arranged in ball cup.During lathe work, control system is sent instruction to servomotor, and driven by servomotor ball screw directly drives upper tool post motion, realizes the shearing of plate.This structure is compact, has saved intermediate transfer link, can complete than more efficient and energy-conservation shearing work.But angular scissors is when carrying out right angle shearing, knife rest can produce larger side force at both direction, can cause knife rest in shear history, having the upset trend of both direction, and the structure of this single-point bulb type cannot overcome this trend, all side forces are born by upright guide rail after knife rest.Knife rest, when shearing the plate of different-thickness or varying strength, can produce different side forces, and guide rail also can produce distortion in various degree, and then has influence on the shear precision of both direction.For avoiding producing excessive side force, the maximum shear length of this structure lathe also can be restricted.As a same reason, also there is Similar Problems in above-mentioned two kinds of structures, and in shear history, the side force of a direction can be born by guide rail, and final shear precision can be subject to the impact of guide rail distortion.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned defect, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of shearing quality good, and the efficiency that operates steadily is high, and energy loss is low, a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing that upper tool post movement velocity is fast.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is for this reason: the utility model comprises fuselage (1) and upper tool post (2), four driving mechanisms that drive upper tool post (2) to move up and down are at least established in described upper tool post (2) top, and the resultant moment of longitudinal component that each driving mechanism applies upper tool post (2) is zero.
Described driving mechanism is four, is arranged on upper tool post (2) Si Jiaochu.
The symmetrical crossbeam (3) that is provided with in described fuselage (1) top, each crossbeam (3) below is provided with a servomotor (4), the output shaft of each servomotor (4) is connected with transmission and carves piece, each transmission carve piece all with the ball line slideway I(9 that is arranged on crossbeam (3) below) is connected, transmission is carved piece and is driven driving mechanism driving upper tool post (2) to move up and down.
Described driving mechanism: comprise the pressure-bearing roller (10) being arranged on upper tool post (2) sidewall, described pressure-bearing roller (10) top is provided with roller (11) and is connected with pressure-bearing roller (10) by gripper shoe (12),
Described transmission is carved piece and is comprised that main transmission carves piece (6) and carve piece (8) from transmission, both connect by connecting rod (7), main transmission is carved piece (6) and is carved piece (8) lower end from transmission and is equipped with and is positioned at driver plate (16) between pressure-bearing roller (10) and roller (11), driver plate (16) lower end is inclined-plane, and inclined-plane front end is higher than rear end.
The output shaft of servomotor (4) connects ball screw (5) by shaft coupling, and main transmission is carved piece (6) and is socketed on ball screw (5) rear end, and ball screw (5) front end is arranged on fuselage by bearing.
Upper tool post (2) sidepiece is provided with ball line slideway II(13), front and rear part is provided with ball line slideway III(14).
The utility model has the advantages that: 1) the utility model adopts 4 type of drive, for upper tool post is not overturn in the process of moving up and down; In order to make upper tool post more steady in the process of moving up and down, power equalization, direction that each driving mechanism applies upper tool post are consistent, and formed resultant direction produces straight up or downward main transmission upper tool post; Four point symmetry settings simultaneously more easily make the resultant moment of longitudinal component reach zero effect, thereby it is more smooth and easy that upper tool post is moved up and down, and reduces the frictional force between upper tool post and both sides ball line slideway, thereby extend its service life; 2) the utility model adopts 4 type of drive, and be preferentially arranged on four jiaos of places, upper tool post top, it is based on following consideration, 4 type of drive can make each portion of upper tool post stressed more even, the while mode of 4 is more traditional, two point modes, reduced the requirement that each point is provided to driving force size, avoid driving force excessive and cause each drive point defect that over-burden, thereby reach the object that reduces each drive point loss speed, the utility model operation stability is further improved, and be greatly improved service life; Avoid 6 points, 8 arrangements, structure is too complicated, be unfavorable for the defect that each parts are arranged simultaneously; 3) by servomotor, controlling four accurate synchronous operations of stress point, constraint due to four drive points, the side force producing in shear history is born by the ball line slideway of upper tool post side no longer completely, also have three drive points directly over shear-loaded simultaneously, can bear most shear-loaded, basic neutralisation the heeling moment that produces for upper tool post center of shear-loaded, the operation of upper tool post greatly reduces because workload causes the impact of ball line slideway stress deformation, therefore operation is more steady, and shear precision also can be higher; 5) the utility model further utilizes and carves piece and carry out power transmission, only needs a less horizontal thrust both can produce larger downward shearing component, and efficiency is high, also more energy-conserving and environment-protective; Servomotor drives ball screw, ball screw promotes to carve piece and moves on ball line slideway, carving piece is connected by two kinds of rollers with upper tool post, therefore total has all adopted the form of rolling friction, energy loss is lower, and operational efficiency is higher, is mixing the servomotor of high acceleration, knife rest movement velocity is faster, and shearing quality is better.
In sum, the utility model is by adopting two servomotors controlling four accurate synchronous operations of stress point, in shear history operation more steady, shear precision also can be higher; All drive mechanisms have all adopted the form of rolling friction simultaneously, and energy loss is lower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of A-A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of B in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing of C in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of upper tool post in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 1.
In figure, 1 is fuselage, the 2nd, upper tool post, the 3rd, and crossbeam, the 4th, servomotor, the 5th, ball screw, the 6th, piece, the 7th is carved in main transmission, and connecting rod, the 8th is carved piece, the 9th from transmission, ball line slideway I, the 10th, pressure-bearing roller, the 11st, roller, the 12nd, gripper shoe, the 13rd, ball line slideway II, the 14th, ball line slideway III, the 15th, connecting plate, the 16th, driver plate.
The specific embodiment
A kind of four point pressure servo main transmission mechanisms of numerical control right-angle plate shearing, comprise fuselage 1 and upper tool post 2, the symmetrical crossbeam 3 that is provided with in described fuselage 1 top, crossbeam 3 belows are provided with servomotor 4, the output shaft of servomotor 4 is connected with ball screw 5 by shaft coupling, ball screw 5 rear ends are socketed with main transmission and carve piece 6, main transmission carve piece 6 front ends by connecting rod 7 with from transmission, carve piece 8 and be connected, described main transmission is carved piece 6 and from transmission, is carved piece 8 upper ends and be all connected with the ball line slideway I9 that is arranged on crossbeam 3 belows, main transmission is carved piece 6 and is carved piece 8 lower ends from transmission and is provided with driver plate 16, driver plate 16 lower surfaces are inclined-plane, inclined-plane front end is higher than rear end, upper tool post 2 front and back ends, the left and right sides are provided with that pressure-bearing roller 10 lays respectively at that piece 6 is carved in main transmission and from initiatively carving the lower surface of the driver plate 16 of piece 8, the upper surface of driver plate 16 is provided with roller 11 and is connected with pressure-bearing roller 10 by gripper shoe 12, upper tool post 2 right sides are respectively equipped with some ball line slideway II13 with front end and are connected with fuselage 1 with ball line slideway III14.
Between left and right described in the utility model crossbeam 3, be provided with connecting plate 15.
The quantity of ball line slideway II13 described in the utility model is three, and the quantity of described ball line slideway III14 is two.
The utility model plate shearing machine is when work, and servomotor 4 drives ball screw 5 synchronously to rotate by shaft coupling, and ball screw 5 converts by feed screw nut the front and back rectilinear motion that main transmission is carved piece 6 and carved piece 8 from transmission by rotatablely moving to.When piece 6 is carved in main transmission and carve piece 8 and travel forward from transmission, will promote pressure-bearing roller 10 and move downward, and then promote upper tool post 2 and move downward, realize shear history; When piece 6 is carved in main transmission and carve piece 8 and move backward from transmission, will haul roller 11 and move upward, and then haul upper tool post 2 and move upward, realize upper tool post 2 backhaul processes.
Upper tool post 2 right sides are provided with ball line slideway II13 with front end and are connected with fuselage 1 with ball line slideway III14, make upper tool post 2 be merely able to upper and lower motion.

Claims (6)

1. a numerical control right-angle plate shearing, comprise fuselage (1) and upper tool post (2), it is characterized in that, four driving mechanisms that drive upper tool post (2) to move up and down are at least established in described upper tool post (2) top, and the resultant moment of longitudinal component that each driving mechanism applies upper tool post (2) is zero.
2. a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described driving mechanism is four, is arranged on upper tool post (2) Si Jiaochu.
3. a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the symmetrical crossbeam (3) that is provided with in described fuselage (1) top, each crossbeam (3) below is provided with a servomotor (4), the output shaft of each servomotor (4) is connected with transmission and carves piece, each transmission carve piece all with the ball line slideway I(9 that is arranged on crossbeam (3) below) is connected, transmission is carved piece and is driven driving mechanism driving upper tool post (2) to move up and down.
4. a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described driving mechanism: comprise the pressure-bearing roller (10) being arranged on upper tool post (2) sidewall, described pressure-bearing roller (10) top is provided with roller (11) and is connected with pressure-bearing roller (10) by gripper shoe (12);
Described transmission is carved piece and is comprised that main transmission carves piece (6) and carve piece (8) from transmission, both connect by connecting rod (7), main transmission is carved piece (6) and is carved piece (8) lower end from transmission and is equipped with and is positioned at driver plate (16) between pressure-bearing roller (10) and roller (11), driver plate (16) lower end is inclined-plane, and inclined-plane front end is higher than rear end.
5. a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the output shaft of servomotor (4) connects ball screw (5) by shaft coupling, main transmission is carved piece (6) and is socketed on ball screw (5) rear end, and ball screw (5) front end is arranged on fuselage by bearing.
6. a kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, upper tool post (2) sidepiece is provided with ball line slideway II(13), front and rear part is provided with ball line slideway III(14).
CN201320531756.XU 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine Expired - Fee Related CN203448743U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320531756.XU CN203448743U (en) 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320531756.XU CN203448743U (en) 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine
PCT/CN2013/087845 WO2015027587A1 (en) 2013-08-29 2013-11-26 Numerical control right-angled clipper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203448743U true CN203448743U (en) 2014-02-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320531756.XU Expired - Fee Related CN203448743U (en) 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203448743U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103639514A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-03-19 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine
WO2015027587A1 (en) * 2013-08-29 2015-03-05 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Numerical control right-angled clipper
CN105880713A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-08-24 无锡锡锻机床有限公司 Large right-angle shearing machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103639514A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-03-19 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Numerical control right-angle plate shearing machine
WO2015027587A1 (en) * 2013-08-29 2015-03-05 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 Numerical control right-angled clipper
CN103639514B (en) * 2013-08-29 2016-08-17 江苏亚威机床股份有限公司 A kind of numerical control right-angle plate shearing
CN105880713A (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-08-24 无锡锡锻机床有限公司 Large right-angle shearing machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140226

Termination date: 20170829