CN203420633U - Down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism - Google Patents

Down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203420633U
CN203420633U CN201320528109.3U CN201320528109U CN203420633U CN 203420633 U CN203420633 U CN 203420633U CN 201320528109 U CN201320528109 U CN 201320528109U CN 203420633 U CN203420633 U CN 203420633U
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China
Prior art keywords
oil cylinder
drilling
hinged
crank
hole
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN201320528109.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈雷
王长万
赵宏
吕桂梅
贾永辉
宋志林
司淑云
刘文星
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HEBEI SUNDRILL HEAVY MACHINERY Co Ltd
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HEBEI SUNDRILL HEAVY MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320528109.3U priority Critical patent/CN203420633U/en
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Publication of CN203420633U publication Critical patent/CN203420633U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism, and relates to the technical field of down-the-hole drills. The down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism comprises a vertical shaft, a main drilling arm, a first oil cylinder, a crank, a second oil cylinder, a drilling frame, a rotating body, a fourth oil cylinder and a fifth oil cylinder. The vertical shaft is fixedly connected with a mechanism body, and one end of the fifth oil cylinder is connected with the vertical shaft. The down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism further comprises a guide rail, a connecting rod, an auxiliary drilling arm and a third oil cylinder, wherein the guide rail is fixedly connected with the main drilling arm, a cylinder body of the third oil cylinder is arranged in the guide rail, one end of the third oil cylinder is hinged to the main drilling arm, the other end of the third oil cylinder is hinged to the auxiliary drilling arm, one end of the auxiliary drilling arm is further hinged to the rotating body, and the two ends of the connecting rod are hinged to the crank and the drilling frame respectively. The down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism is compact in structure, good in maneuverability, wide in operation range, flexible and convenient to operate, easy and convenient to maintain and low in use cost, can meet the space multi-direction drilling requirement, expands the hole drilling covering range, effectively reduces the auxiliary operation time and improves the work efficiency.

Description

A kind of down-the-hole drill space multidirectional drilling mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to down-the-hole drill technical field.
Background technology
Down-the-hole drill is a kind of mining machinery of formation downhole boring, be widely used in metallurgy, coal, building materials, railway, construction of hydropower facilities, in the engineering explosion Drilling operations such as national defense construction and the cubic metre of earth and stone, traditional down-the-hole drill major part is split type, complicated mechanism, adopt the centralized air feed of air compression station, energy consumption is high, efficiency is low, mobility is poor, working service cost is high, and, major part adopts fixed drilling cramp or faces upward the formula drilling cramp of bowing, can not adjust the angle of boring or adjust angular range very little, can not meet the needs of multidirectional drilling, job area is little, subsidiary operation time is long.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of down-the-hole drill space multidirectional drilling mechanism, compact conformation, mobility is good, job area is wide, flexible operation is light, easy maintenance, use cost are cheap, the needs of energy meeting spatial institute orientation boring, expanded boring coverage, effectively reduce the time of less important work, improved operating efficiency.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of down-the-hole drill space multidirectional drilling mechanism, comprise vertical shaft, main drill boom, the first oil cylinder, crank, the second oil cylinder, drilling cramp, rotary body, the 4th oil cylinder, the 5th oil cylinder, described vertical shaft is fixedly connected with body, one end and the body of the 5th oil cylinder are hinged, also comprise guide rail, connecting rod, secondary drill boom and the 3rd oil cylinder, described guide rail and main drill boom are fixedly linked, the cylinder body of the 3rd oil cylinder is arranged in guide rail, and its one end and main drill boom are hinged, the other end and secondary drill boom are hinged, the other end of secondary drill boom also links together with rotary body, the two ends of described connecting rod are hinged with crank and drilling cramp respectively.
Crank, the second oil cylinder, drilling cramp, connecting rod, rotary body form the first mechanism, by stretching of the second oil cylinder, make crank and connecting rod integral around axle Y1-Y1 ' rotation, drive drilling cramp rotation around Y-Y ' axle in space simultaneously, realize drilling cramp at lateral aperture and the angle hole of X axis.
The first oil cylinder, secondary drill boom, the 3rd oil cylinder and the first described mechanism form the second mechanism, and by stretching of the first oil cylinder, the I of mechanism, around the rotation of X-X ' axle, realizes drilling cramp and bores the tiltedly lower hole in Z-direction upright opening and YOZ plane; Stretching of the 3rd oil cylinder, realizes second mechanism's integral body and moves in Y-axis; Stretching of the 4th oil cylinder, realizes second mechanism's integral body around the rotation of X-axis.
Stretching of the 5th oil cylinder, realizes the whole rotation around Z axis.
The beneficial effect that adopts technique scheme to produce is: the two ends of the utility model connecting rod are hinged with crank and drilling cramp respectively, by stretching of the second oil cylinder, crank and connecting rod integral are rotated around axle Y1-Y1 ', drive drilling cramp rotation around Y-Y ' axle in space simultaneously, expand rotation angle range, realize drilling cramp at the lateral aperture of X axis and the bore operation of Multi-angle hole; Secondary drill boom is set, and flexible by the first oil cylinder, the first mechanism, around the rotation of X-X ' axle, realizes drilling cramp and bores the tiltedly lower hole in Z-direction upright opening and YOZ plane; Stretching of the 3rd oil cylinder, realizes second mechanism's integral body and moves in Y-axis; Stretching of the 4th oil cylinder, realizes second mechanism's integral body around the rotation of X-axis, makes drilling cramp integral body have one-movement-freedom-degree in Y direction, realizes rig after once walking is located, and drilling cramp can be realized the motion compensation in Y direction; The utility model can expand boring coverage at space multidirectional drilling, has effectively reduced the time of less important work, has improved operating efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is mechanism principle figure of the present utility model;
Mark in figure: 1-vertical shaft; The main drill boom of 2-; 3-guide rail; 4-the first oil cylinder; 5-crank; 6-the second oil cylinder; 7-drilling cramp; 8-connecting rod; 9-rotary body; The secondary drill boom of 10-; 11-the 3rd oil cylinder; 12-the 4th oil cylinder; 13-the 5th oil cylinder.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
From Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, the utility model comprises vertical shaft 1, main drill boom 2, the first oil cylinder 4, crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, rotary body 9, the 4th oil cylinder 12, the 5th oil cylinder 13, described vertical shaft 1 is fixedly connected with body, one end and the body of the 5th oil cylinder 13 are hinged, also comprise guide rail 3, connecting rod 8, secondary drill boom 10 and the 3rd oil cylinder 11, described guide rail 3 is fixedly linked with main drill boom 2, the cylinder body of the 3rd oil cylinder 11 is arranged in guide rail 3, and its one end and main drill boom 2 are hinged at pin joint M place, the other end and secondary drill boom 10 are hinged at pin joint N place, one end of secondary drill boom 10 is also hinged with rotary body 9, the two ends of described connecting rod 8 respectively with crank 5 at pin joint H, drilling cramp 7 is hinged at pin joint K.
Described crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, connecting rod 8, rotary body 9 form the first mechanism, by stretching of the second oil cylinder 6, crank 5 and connecting rod 8 integral body are rotated around axle Y1-Y1 ', drive drilling cramp 7 rotation around Y-Y ' axle in space simultaneously, realize drilling cramp 7 at lateral aperture and the angle hole of X axis.
The first oil cylinder 4, secondary drill boom 10, the 3rd oil cylinder 11 and the first described mechanism form the second mechanism, and by stretching of the first oil cylinder 4, the first mechanism, around the rotation of X-X ' axle, realizes drilling cramp 7 and bores the tiltedly lower hole in Z-direction upright openings and YOZ plane; Stretching of the 3rd oil cylinder 11, realizes second mechanism's integral body and moves in Y-axis; Stretching of the 4th oil cylinder 12, realizes second mechanism's integral body around the rotation of X-axis.
Stretching of the 5th oil cylinder 13, realizes the whole rotation around Z-Z ' axle.
In the utility model, drilling cramp 7, crank 5 are except the two ends by the second oil cylinder 6 are pin joint D, E place connect, also by connecting rod 8, connect, when the second oil cylinder 6 stretches, drilling cramp 7 and crank 5 are respectively around two-parallel axis Y-Y ', axle Y1-Y1 ' rotation, and crank 5 swings with drilling cramp 7 around pin joint H or K in same plane.
The utility model is by controlling the flexible of the 5th oil cylinder 13, can realize vertical shaft 1, main drill boom 2, guide rail 3, the first oil cylinder 4, crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, connecting rod 8, rotary body 9, secondary drill boom 10, the 3rd oil cylinder 11, the 4th oil cylinder 12 and within the scope of certain angle, rotate around axle Z-Z ' with an integral body; By controlling the flexible of the 4th oil cylinder 12, realize main drill boom 2, guide rail 3, the first oil cylinder 4, crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, connecting rod 8, rotary body 9, secondary drill boom 10, the 3rd oil cylinder 11 and around X-axis, within the scope of certain angle, rotate at pin joint A place with an integral body, realize the motion of bowing of facing upward of drill boom; By controlling the flexible of the 3rd oil cylinder 11, secondary drill boom 10 moves in Y-axis under the constraint of guide rail 3, realizes the first oil cylinder 4, crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, connecting rod 8, rotary body 9 and moves in Y-axis with an integral body; By above action, realize the rotation of this mechanism, face upward and bow and motion compensation, realize rig and once walk behind location, realize multi-faceted and multi-angle drilling operation, expand bore operation scope.
In the utility model, control the flexible of the first oil cylinder 4, crank 5, the second oil cylinder 6, drilling cramp 7, connecting rod 8, rotary body 9 are rotated around axle X-X ' with an integral body within the scope of certain angle, realize that rig bores the upright opening of Z-axis direction and the hole angled with Z axis in YOZ plane; Control the flexible of the second oil cylinder 6, make crank 5 and connecting rod 8 integral body around axle Y1-Y1 ' rotation, drive drilling cramp 7 around axle Y-Y ' rotation simultaneously, realize lateral aperture and Multi-angle hole that rig bores X axis.
The flexible of each oil cylinder of the utility model mechanism controlled and realized by Long-distance Control handle, handling safety is simple, compact conformation, mobility is good, job area is wide, flexible operation is light, easy maintenance, use cost are cheap, the needs of energy meeting spatial institute orientation boring, expanded boring coverage, effectively reduce the time of less important work, improved operating efficiency.

Claims (4)

1. a down-the-hole drill space multidirectional drilling mechanism, comprise vertical shaft (1), main drill boom (2), the first oil cylinder (4), crank (5), the second oil cylinder (6), drilling cramp (7), rotary body (9), the 4th oil cylinder (12), the 5th oil cylinder (13), described vertical shaft (1) is fixedly connected with body, one end and the body of the 5th oil cylinder (13) are hinged, it is characterized in that: also comprise guide rail (3), connecting rod (8), secondary drill boom (10) and the 3rd oil cylinder (11), described guide rail (3) is fixedly linked with main drill boom (2), the cylinder body of the 3rd oil cylinder (11) is arranged in guide rail (3), and its one end and main drill boom (2) are hinged, the other end and secondary drill boom (10) are hinged, the other end and the rotary body (9) of secondary drill boom (10) link together, the two ends of described connecting rod (8) are hinged with crank (5) and drilling cramp (7) respectively.
2. a kind of down-the-hole drill according to claim 1 space multidirectional drilling mechanism, it is characterized in that: crank (5), the second oil cylinder (6), drilling cramp (7), connecting rod (8), rotary body (9) form the first mechanism, by stretching of the second oil cylinder (6), crank (5) and connecting rod (8) integral body are rotated around axle Y1-Y1 ', drive simultaneously drilling cramp (7) in space around the rotation of Y-Y ' axle, realize drilling cramp (7) and bore lateral aperture and angle hole at X axis.
3. a kind of down-the-hole drill according to claim 2 space multidirectional drilling mechanism, it is characterized in that: the first oil cylinder (4), secondary drill boom (10), the 3rd oil cylinder (11) and the first described mechanism form the second mechanism, by stretching of the first oil cylinder (4), the I of mechanism, around the rotation of X-X ' axle, realizes drilling cramp (7) and bores the tiltedly lower hole in Z-direction upright opening and YOZ plane; Stretching of the 3rd oil cylinder (11), realizes second mechanism's integral body and moves in Y-axis; Stretching of the 4th oil cylinder (12), realizes second mechanism's integral body around the rotation of X-axis.
4. a kind of down-the-hole drill according to claim 3 space multidirectional drilling mechanism, is characterized in that: the 5th oil cylinder (13) flexible, realize the whole rotation around Z axis.
CN201320528109.3U 2013-08-28 2013-08-28 Down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism Expired - Lifetime CN203420633U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320528109.3U CN203420633U (en) 2013-08-28 2013-08-28 Down-the-hole drill space multi-direction drilling mechanism

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103821454A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-28 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 Full cross section construction gas drainage drill carriage
CN104033108A (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-09-10 三一重型装备有限公司 Drilling equipment and drill arm
CN104879059A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-09-02 徐州徐工基础工程机械有限公司 All-rotation angle adjusting mechanism of multifunctional drilling machine
CN106351576A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 All-around deep-hole drill rig under coal mine well
CN109057702A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-21 中国水电基础局有限公司 A kind of down-the-hole drill and its application method with dust reduction capability
US11142953B2 (en) 2019-02-14 2021-10-12 Sandvik Mining And Construction Oy Rock drilling arrangement, rock drilling rig and drilling method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103821454A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-28 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 Full cross section construction gas drainage drill carriage
CN103821454B (en) * 2014-02-24 2016-03-23 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 Tunneling boring construction gas drainage under suction drill carriage
CN104033108A (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-09-10 三一重型装备有限公司 Drilling equipment and drill arm
CN104879059A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-09-02 徐州徐工基础工程机械有限公司 All-rotation angle adjusting mechanism of multifunctional drilling machine
CN106351576A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 山西晋城无烟煤矿业集团有限责任公司 All-around deep-hole drill rig under coal mine well
CN109057702A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-21 中国水电基础局有限公司 A kind of down-the-hole drill and its application method with dust reduction capability
CN109057702B (en) * 2018-08-31 2023-09-19 中国水电基础局有限公司 Down-the-hole drill with dustproof function and use method thereof
US11142953B2 (en) 2019-02-14 2021-10-12 Sandvik Mining And Construction Oy Rock drilling arrangement, rock drilling rig and drilling method

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