CN203330826U - Automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machine thereof - Google Patents

Automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machine thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203330826U
CN203330826U CN2013203965958U CN201320396595U CN203330826U CN 203330826 U CN203330826 U CN 203330826U CN 2013203965958 U CN2013203965958 U CN 2013203965958U CN 201320396595 U CN201320396595 U CN 201320396595U CN 203330826 U CN203330826 U CN 203330826U
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China
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grinding
polishing
fixture
seat
crystal blank
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CN2013203965958U
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Chinese (zh)
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虞卫东
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Zhejiang Charming Girl Jewelry Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Charming Girl Jewelry Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system and a grinding and polishing machine of the automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system. The grinding and polishing machine of the automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system comprises a grinding and polishing rack. A roller grinding tool is installed on the grinding and polishing rack and driven by a grinding tool motor installed on the grinding and polishing rack to rotate around a horizontal rotation shaft. Multiple grinding and polishing mechanisms are arranged around the roller grinding tool up and down. The length extension direction of clamps installed in the grinding and polishing mechanisms is parallel to a rotation shaft direction of the roller grinding tool. The grinding and polishing mechanisms are installed on a rotation base. The rotation base and the roller grinding tool are arranged in an axial and rotation mode. The rotation base is driven by a rotation base driving device installed on the grinding and polishing rack to rotate. Compared with the prior art, multiple times of grinding and polishing can be performed on one grinding and polishing workstation. The utilization rate and the production efficiency of equipment can be fully improved, the manufacturing cost of the machine is reduced and the size of the machine is reduced.

Description

A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machinery thereof
Technical field
The utility model belongs to crystal product polishing processing field, relates to a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system of crystal blank being carried out to the automation polishing processing, relates in particular to grinding and polishing machinery wherein.
Background technology
In prior art, the automatic grinding and polishing system (polished machine) of crystal blank comprises: feeding station is provided with and crystal blank can be fixed on to the feed mechanism on fixture; At least one episphere to crystal blank carries out the episphere grinding station of grinding and the episphere polishing station that at least one episphere to crystal blank carries out polishing; Docking station, be provided with the docking mechanism that crystal blank can be fixed to another fixture and two fixtures can be carried out to the position exchange from a fixture switching; At least one lower semisphere to crystal blank carries out the lower semisphere grinding station of grinding and the lower semisphere polishing station that at least one lower semisphere to crystal blank carries out polishing; The blanking station, be provided with the cutting agency that crystal blank can be disassembled from fixture; Wherein, on described episphere grinding station and lower semisphere grinding station, be equipped with grinding mechanism, on described episphere polishing station and lower semisphere polishing station, be equipped with polishing mechanism.The transfer device that crystal blank is circulated between each station, have head swivel mount form, manipulator swivel mount form and manipulator track form.
The polishing processing flow process of crystal blank (espespecially standard water brill series products) is as follows:
Material loading (comprise the fixture pin preheating → bread of sky fixture → upper pearl → bonding) → episphere grinding → episphere polishing → docking (comprise the fixture pin preheating → bread of sky fixture → fixture to supporting → the fixture pin of empty fixture is added to the bonding upper crystal blank of PUR → remove photoresist → Cooling fixture of the fixture pin heating pin of another fixture is made to be adhesively fixed) → lower semisphere grinding → lower semisphere polishing → blanking (comprise fixture is heated to remove photoresist → lower pearl and cleaning clamp pin).In said process, docking operation holding time is the longest, next is upper material process, the blanking procedure holding time is shorter, for grinding (or polishing) operation, general employing repeatedly grinding of a plurality of grindings (or polishing) station (or polishing) in prior art, the time that grinding like this (or polishing) operation takies is also relatively short.How to shorten the time taken on the docking operation or make the time of staying on each processing stations comparatively approaching by each operation process of reasonable distribution, avoid the board waits for too long, the working (machining) efficiency that improves whole automatic grinding and polishing system is an industry difficult problem anxious to be resolved just.
A kind of automatic cycle twin tong ornaments polished machine is disclosed in the patent documentation that publication No. is CN102366914A, the episphere grinding and polishing of crystal blank (front grinding and polishing) and lower semisphere grinding and polishing (rear grinding and polishing) are same fabrication cycles (being fixture circulation circulation), wherein, clamping fixture seat on each station be arranged in parallel along the length direction of fixture left and right (especially grinding and polishing station), the left/right rotation moving mechanism is between each station during transferring clamp like this, after need to first stretching down, from the clamping fixture seat of a station, fixture being brought up to the clamping fixture seat mechanism striden across again on corresponding station, then send down on the clamping fixture seat be placed on another station, such left/right rotation moving mechanism complex structure, move loaded down with trivial details, easy break-down and cost are high.And, can only complete one time polishing processing on a grinding and polishing station, when the grinding and polishing face of crystal blank need to carry out repeatedly polishing processing, just need many grinding and polishing machineries of spread configuration, utilization rate of equipment and installations is low, it is huge to take up room, while is movable clamp between a plurality of stations frequently, has improved the device fabrication cost, has also reduced the working (machining) efficiency of whole automatic cycle simultaneously.
For this reason, a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and docking mechanism thereof are disclosed in the patent documentation that the utility model people is CN103072059A at publication number, comprise the first left/right rotation moving mechanism, be arranged in order and be provided with feeding station along the first left/right rotation moving mechanism, at least one episphere to crystal blank carries out the episphere grinding station of grinding, at least one episphere to crystal blank carries out episphere polishing station and the docking station of polishing, the first left/right rotation moving mechanism can move left and right and locate and be provided with at least four manipulators that can pick up and put down fixture, the second left/right rotation moving mechanism, be arranged in order along the second left/right rotation moving mechanism and be provided with described docking station, at least one lower semisphere to crystal blank carries out the lower semisphere grinding station of grinding, lower semisphere polishing station and the blanking station that at least one lower semisphere to crystal blank carries out polishing, the second left/right rotation moving mechanism can move left and right and locate and be provided with at least four manipulators that can pick up and put down fixture, wherein, described feeding station is provided with and crystal blank can be fixed on to the feed mechanism on fixture, described blanking station is provided with the cutting agency that crystal blank can be disassembled from fixture, be equipped with grinding mechanism on described episphere grinding station and lower semisphere grinding station, on described episphere polishing station and lower semisphere polishing station, be equipped with polishing mechanism, described docking station is provided with docking mechanism, and wherein, bread position and docking location are positioned at the first left/right rotation moving mechanism below, and pass through the first left/right rotation moving mechanism transferring clamp between the upper clamping fixture seat on bread assembly and docking support top, crossover position and dislocation are positioned at the second left/right rotation moving mechanism below, and pass through the second left/right rotation moving mechanism transferring clamp between the fixture fixed part on the first fixture rack and conversion support top.
But said structure is, clamping fixture seat on each station be arranged in parallel along the length direction of fixture left and right (especially grinding and polishing station), the left/right rotation moving mechanism is between each station during transferring clamp like this, after need to first stretching down, from the clamping fixture seat of a station, fixture being brought up to the clamping fixture seat mechanism striden across again on corresponding station, then send down on the clamping fixture seat be placed on another station, such left/right rotation moving mechanism complex structure, move loaded down with trivial details, easy break-down and cost high.And in its docking mechanism, the first front and back transfer device needs first will be with material clamp to be transferred on conversion support from the docking support, then after waiting for that a conversion support Rotate 180 ° upper-lower position is exchanged, the first front and back transfer device is sent the band plastic clip tool on conversion support into the docking support again, in this process, the first front and back transfer device is back and forth transferred fixture, the docking support can only increase the board stand-by period like this in wait state, therefore still needs and further improves to enhance productivity.And, can only complete one time polishing processing on a grinding and polishing station, when the grinding and polishing face of crystal blank need to carry out repeatedly polishing processing, just need many grinding and polishing machineries of spread configuration, utilization rate of equipment and installations is low, it is huge to take up room, while is movable clamp between a plurality of stations frequently, has improved the device fabrication cost, has also reduced the working (machining) efficiency of whole automatic cycle simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, one of the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, be applicable to the episphere grinding and polishing of crystal blank and lower semisphere grinding and polishing in same fabrication cycles, with respect to prior art, can complete repeatedly polishing processing on a grinding and polishing station, fully improve utilization rate of equipment and installations and production efficiency, reduced the board manufacturing cost, reduced the board volume.
Two of the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for above-mentioned crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, and structure more rationally, action is more simple, cost is lower, operation is more reliable, efficiency is higher.
To achieve the above object, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme:
A kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, comprise the grinding and polishing frame, on described grinding and polishing frame, the cylinder grinding tool is installed, the cylinder grinding tool is rotated around horizontal rotating shaft by the grinding tool motor driving be arranged on the grinding and polishing frame, around the cylinder grinding tool, a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors are installed up and down, the length bearing of trend of the fixture of installing in a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors is parallel with the rotor shaft direction of cylinder grinding tool, a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors are arranged on a rotation seat, this rotation seat and cylinder grinding tool coaxial rotation arrange, rotation seat drives rotation by the rotation seat drive unit be arranged on the grinding and polishing frame.
The two or more grinding and polishing sectors that arrange around cylinder grinding tool circle distribution, on the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat of grinding and polishing sector for sectional fixture, a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors are on different positions all can carry out polishing processing to fixture, but along with angle of the every rotation of rotation seat, only have a grinding and polishing sector to be positioned at every turn and can push to slide for manipulator the position of fixture, manipulator in the left/right rotation moving mechanism is only passed a fixture in grinding and polishing sector at every turn like this, has so also just realized the repeatedly polishing processing of same fixture on same cylinder grinding tool.
As preferably, described rotation seat drive unit is drive motors, and drive motors is connected with the rotation seat gear drive.Rational in infrastructure like this, drive simple, reliable, efficiency is high, cost is low.
As preferably, set up the linearly extended straight rail in left and right above described grinding and polishing frame, slide transfer robot arm is set along straight rail.Rational in infrastructure like this, drive simple, reliable, efficiency is high, cost is low.
As preferably, described grinding and polishing sector comprises the swing planker that horizontally slips and be connected with the rotation seat level, swing planker and drive the left and right reciprocally swinging by oscillatory gearing mechanism, swing on planker and slide the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat is set, the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat drives oscilaltion by the clamping fixture seat drive unit, the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat is provided with a plurality of upper latch segment that pushes to slide guiding for the fixture left and right, lower latch segment and guide wheel, upper latch segment is installed on the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat and with the dovetail upside of fixture and is complementary, lower latch segment is connected and is complementary with the dovetail downside of fixture with the movable end of fixture locking cylinder on being arranged on the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, when fixture is locked, under the fixture locking air cylinder driven, thereby latch segment moves upward and coordinates and hold tightly fixing by the dovetail of fixture with upper latch segment, guide wheel is arranged on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat bottom, when fixture is not locked, fixture can push to slide movement on guide wheel.This spline structure more rationally, action is more simple, cost is lower, operation is more reliable, efficiency is higher.
As preferably, described clamping fixture seat drive unit comprises the feeding cylinder, the feeding cylinder is fixedly mounted on and swings on planker, the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder is connected with the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, also be provided with compensation mechanism, comprise and be arranged on compensation mechanism motor and the cam swung on planker, the compensation mechanism motor is connected with cam drive, thereby cam rotates and is arranged on the swing planker and offsets and limit the stroke of feeding cylinder with the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder.Rational in infrastructure like this, drive simple, reliable, cost is low.
As preferably, described oscillatory gearing mechanism is the wobble drive cylinder be arranged on rotation seat.
As preferably, one side of described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat is equipped with the calibration switching mechanism of the grinding and polishing face for changing crystal blank, comprise the calibration conversion support, Connection Block, the calibration conversion motor, Connection Block cylinder and connecting axle, the calibration conversion support is fixedly connected with the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, Connection Block and calibration conversion support are slidably connected and are moved by the Connection Block air cylinder driven, connecting axle rotates and is arranged on Connection Block, connecting axle one end is provided with and can coordinates with the worm shaft end of fixture slot or the inserted block of pegging graft, the other end of connecting axle is by the bevel gear group, splined shaft is in transmission connection with the calibration conversion motor be arranged on the calibration conversion support.Rational in infrastructure like this, drive simple, reliable, efficiency is high, cost is low.
As preferably, described swing planker is V-shaped, each slip of the both sides of its V-arrangement arranges a grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat has an inclination board and a vertical board, the inclination board is connected with swing planker tilt slide, and upper latch segment, lower latch segment, guide wheel and fixture locking cylinder are installed on vertical board.Compact conformation is reasonable like this, and the twin tong working (machining) efficiency is higher.
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, comprise grinding and polishing machinery as above.
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, the the first left/right rotation moving mechanism and the second left/right rotation moving mechanism that before and after comprising, be arranged in parallel, be arranged in order from left to right and be provided with loading and unloading station, a plurality of episphere grinding and polishing station and docking station along the first left/right rotation moving mechanism, along the second left/right rotation moving mechanism right-to-left, be arranged in order and be provided with docking station, a plurality of lower semisphere grinding and polishing station and loading and unloading station, wherein, the loading and unloading station is provided with for the crystal blank by processing and takes off and crystal blank to be processed is fixed on to the loading and unloading machinery on this fixture from fixture, be provided with grinding and polishing machinery as above on episphere grinding and polishing station and lower semisphere grinding and polishing station, docking station is provided with for crystal blank is fixed to the docking machinery another fixture from a fixture switching, described the first left/right rotation moving mechanism is identical with the structure of the second left/right rotation moving mechanism, include for push the linearly extended track of a plurality of transfer robot arm and a left and right of fixture between adjacent stations, this rail bracket is located at loading and unloading machinery, grinding and polishing machinery and docking are mechanically, transfer robot arm drives along this rail moving by shifting drive unit, loading and unloading machinery, grinding and polishing is mechanical and docking mechanically sets in a row along fixture length direction left and right for the clamping fixture seat of sectional fixture, and transfer robot arm promotes slippage between clamping fixture seat that fixture is adjacent in left and right along the fixture length direction.
In order further to enhance productivity, above-mentioned loading and unloading machinery, the structural design that grinding and polishing is mechanical and docking machinery all adopts twin tong to process simultaneously, before and after clamping fixture seat, arrange in pairs, correspondingly, transfer robot arm also arranges two clamping fixture seats that arrange in pairs before and after synchronizing moving in pairs.
The utility model is owing to having adopted above technical scheme, be applicable to the episphere grinding and polishing of crystal blank and lower semisphere grinding and polishing in same fabrication cycles, with respect to prior art, mechanism on each processing stations more rationally, action is more simple, efficiency is higher, cost is lower, the operation is more reliable, can complete repeatedly polishing processing on a grinding and polishing station, fully improve utilization rate of equipment and installations and production efficiency, reduced the board manufacturing cost, reduced the board volume.The stand-by period of each station and transfer device still less, efficiency is higher, further improved working (machining) efficiency and the reliability of whole automatic grinding and polishing system.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system;
Fig. 2 is one of stereogram of the utility model grinding and polishing machinery;
Fig. 3 be the utility model grinding and polishing machinery stereogram two;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation (part) of left/right rotation moving mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is one of stereogram of transfer robot arm;
Fig. 7 be transfer robot arm stereogram two;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of loading and unloading machinery;
Fig. 9 is the mechanical structural representation of docking.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present utility model is made a detailed explanation.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system as shown in Figure 1, the the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5 and the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6 that before and after comprising, be arranged in parallel, be arranged in order from left to right and be provided with loading and unloading station (material loading bread position 12 wherein along the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5, material loading position 13, cool position 14), a plurality of episphere grinding and polishing stations (twice grinding station 21 that comprises the episphere polishing processing, twice polishing station 22) and docking station (docking location 31 wherein and clear position 32), be arranged in order and be provided with docking station (docking bread position 33 and holding fix 34 wherein) along the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6 right-to-lefts, a plurality of lower semisphere grinding and polishing stations (twice grinding station 41 that comprises the lower semisphere polishing processing, twice polishing station 42, cross grinding station 43 and end face polishing station 44) and loading and unloading station (blanking position 11 wherein), wherein, the loading and unloading station is provided with for the crystal blank by processing and takes off and crystal blank to be processed is fixed on to the loading and unloading machinery on this fixture from fixture, be provided with the grinding and polishing machinery that carries out polishing processing for the crystal blank on fixture on episphere grinding and polishing station and lower semisphere grinding and polishing station, docking station is provided with for crystal blank is fixed to the docking machinery another fixture from a fixture switching.
Direction all around described in the utility model is: in Fig. 1, Wei Zuo, upper right, Wei Hou, lower-left, Wei Qian, bottom right, upper left is right.This is for convenience, also can adjust accordingly in reality and does not affect that each mechanism connects and action, and these all fall in protection domain of the present utility model.
Described the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5 is identical with the structure of the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6, as Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 5, include for push a plurality of transfer robot arm 50 and a linearly extended track of fixture between adjacent stations, this track is by being arranged on loading and unloading machinery, it (can be also to be erected at loading and unloading machinery that grinding and polishing machinery and docking a plurality of straight rails mechanically are spliced to form, grinding and polishing machinery and a docking complete straight rail mechanically), a plurality of transfer robot arm 50 are along this rail moving, a plurality of transfer robot arm 50 are each other by driving synchronizing moving by a transfer drive unit after a plurality of connecting rod 53 series connection, in the present embodiment, this shifts drive unit for shifting servomotor 51, shifting servomotor 51 is in transmission connection with screw mandrel 54, the feed screw nut who is threaded on screw mandrel 54 is connected with transfer robot arm 50.As Fig. 6, shown in Fig. 7, transfer robot arm 50 comprises manipulator seat 501, one side of manipulator seat 501 is installed a plurality of guide wheels 502, manipulator seat 501 is by the slip of leading in orbit of these guide wheels 502, the opposite side of manipulator seat 501 arranges a travelling carriage slided up and down 504, a tooth bar 505 is fixed on the top of travelling carriage 504, tooth bar 505 be arranged on manipulator gear 506 engaged transmission on manipulator seat 501, manipulator gear 506 is in transmission connection with the manipulator lifting drive, a fixture shift fork 503 is fixed in the bottom of travelling carriage 504, fixture shift fork 503 can coordinate with the handle at fixture back clamping.Because loading and unloading are mechanical, grinding and polishing is mechanical and docking mechanically sets in a row along fixture length direction left and right for the clamping fixture seat of sectional fixture, so transfer robot arm 50 can promote fixture slippage between the clamping fixture seat of adjacent stations along the fixture length direction.Above-mentioned manipulator lifting drive is preferably servomotor, a plurality of transfer robot arm 50, by same driven by servomotor lifting, realize synchronous the rotation thereby the gear shaft of the manipulator gear 506 of adjacent transfer robot arm 50 is connected with kinematic link 52 by oscillating bearing.In the present embodiment, on a station, processing simultaneously has two fixtures, so transfer robot arm 50 front and back arrange in pairs, and two paired transfer robot arm 50 of front and back are fixedly connected with synchronously and move left and right by a connector 55.
As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, described grinding and polishing machinery comprises grinding and polishing frame 2, cylinder grinding tool 205 is installed on grinding and polishing frame 2, cylinder grinding tool 205 drives around horizontal rotating shaft and rotates (be only rotation and do not do swing) by being arranged on grinding tool motor on grinding and polishing frame 2 206, around cylinder grinding tool 205, upper and lower two grinding and polishing sectors are installed, the length bearing of trend of the fixture 7 of installing in grinding and polishing sector is parallel with the rotor shaft direction of cylinder grinding tool 205, upper and lower two grinding and polishing sectors are arranged on a rotation seat 202, this rotation seat 202 and the 205 coaxial rotation settings of cylinder grinding tool, rotation seat 202 drives rotation by the rotation seat drive unit be arranged on grinding and polishing frame 2.Described rotation seat drive unit is drive motors 204, and drive motors 204 is connected with rotation seat 202 gear drives.
In the present embodiment, the linearly extended straight rail 201 in left and right has been set up in described grinding and polishing frame 2 tops, along straight rail 201, slides transfer robot arm 50 is set.When polishing processing, upper and lower two grinding and polishing sectors carry out polishing processing simultaneously, and the fixture that transfer robot arm 50 can push to slide only is arranged in the fixture of the grinding and polishing sector of cylinder grinding tool 205 tops at every turn, after fixture completes transfer, the grinding and polishing sector of installing new fixture carries out polishing processing one time, the grinding and polishing sector that original fixture is installed carries out the secondary polishing processing, when polishing processing completes, rotation seat rotates 180 °, the grinding and polishing sector that original fixture is installed turns to cylinder grinding tool top and waits for left/right rotation moving mechanism transferring clamp, the grinding and polishing sector that new fixture is installed turns to the pending polishing processings for the second time such as below.So also just realized the repeatedly polishing processing of same fixture on same cylinder grinding tool.
Described grinding and polishing sector comprises the swing planker 203 that horizontally slips and be connected with rotation seat 202 levels, swing planker 203 and drive the left and right reciprocally swinging by oscillatory gearing mechanism, swing on planker 203 and slide grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 is set, grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 drives oscilaltion by the clamping fixture seat drive unit, grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 is provided with a plurality of upper latch segment that pushes to slide guiding for the fixture left and right, lower latch segment and guide wheel, upper latch segment is installed on the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat and with the dovetail upside of fixture 7 and is complementary, lower latch segment is connected and is complementary with the dovetail downside of fixture with the movable end of fixture locking cylinder on being arranged on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207, when fixture 7 is locked, under the fixture locking air cylinder driven, thereby latch segment moves upward and coordinates and hold tightly fixing by the dovetail of fixture 7 with upper latch segment, guide wheel is arranged on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 bottoms, when fixture 7 is not locked, fixture 7 can push to slide movement on guide wheel.Described clamping fixture seat drive unit comprises the feeding cylinder, the feeding cylinder is fixedly mounted on and swings on planker 203, the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder is connected with grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207, also be provided with compensation mechanism, comprise and be arranged on compensation mechanism motor and the cam swung on planker 203, the compensation mechanism motor is connected with cam drive, thus cam rotate be arranged on swing on planker and with the offset stroke of restriction feeding cylinder of the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder.Described oscillatory gearing mechanism is the wobble drive cylinder be arranged on rotation seat 202.One side of described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 is equipped with the calibration switching mechanism of the grinding and polishing face for changing crystal blank, comprise the calibration conversion support, Connection Block, the calibration conversion motor, Connection Block cylinder and connecting axle, the calibration conversion support is fixedly connected with the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, Connection Block and calibration conversion support are slidably connected and are moved by the Connection Block air cylinder driven, connecting axle rotates and is arranged on Connection Block, connecting axle one end is provided with and can coordinates with the worm shaft end of fixture 7 slot or the inserted block of pegging graft, the other end of connecting axle is by the bevel gear group, splined shaft is in transmission connection with the calibration conversion motor be arranged on the calibration conversion support.Like this, when the fixture on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 moves into place, Connection Block air cylinder driven Connection Block moves to a side of fixture 7, and thereby the inserted block (or slot) of the slot (or inserted block) that makes connecting axle one end and the worm shaft end of fixture 7 coordinate is pegged graft and is realized that both synchronize and rotate, then, the calibration conversion motor needs the worm shaft of rolling clamp 7 according to polishing processing, and then reaches the purpose of grinding and polishing face of the crystal blank of switch fixture pin front end.Described swing planker 203 is V-shaped, each slip of the both sides of its V-arrangement arranges a grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207, described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat 207 has an inclination board and a vertical board, the inclination board is connected with swing planker 203 tilt slide, and upper latch segment, lower latch segment, guide wheel and fixture locking cylinder are installed on vertical board.
As shown in Figure 8, described loading and unloading machinery comprises loading and unloading frame 1, and loading and unloading frame 1 is provided with material level and puts 11, one material loading bread position 12, a material loading position 13 and a cool position 14.Material loading bread position 12, material loading position 13 and cool position 14 left and right are arranged in a row setting, the setting that forms a line of blanking position 11 and 12 front and back, material loading bread position, the one rotating turret A15 that can rotate and locate is installed between blanking position 11 and material loading bread position 12, rotating turret A15 is driven and is rotated in horizontal plane by its drive unit, two groups of switch fixture seat A151 before and after being equipped with on rotating turret A15, these two groups of switch fixture seat A151 lay respectively at the top of blanking position 11 and material loading bread position 12.The blanking assembly is installed on blanking position 11, the blanking assembly comprises a heating tube, a wire brush and a basin that connects material, heating tube and wire brush are arranged on and connect material above basin, heating tube connects thermatron, wire brush is driven and is rotated by motor, the basin that connects material slides before and after being arranged on a lifting platform A above and driving air cylinder driven by it, and lifting platform A and loading and unloading frame 1 vertically are slidably connected and drive the air cylinder driven lifting by it; During blanking, lifting platform A rises, heating tube is heated the fixture pin of the fixture on switch fixture seat A, then heating tube is return, the basin that connects material moves, and wire brush moves to the fixture pin below of fixture and cleared up discharging, and the crystal blank on fixture fixture pin falls in the basin that connects material, connect material basin and lifting platform A resets, and completes blanking action.On material loading bread position 12, the bread assembly is installed, the bread assembly comprises a rubber powder dish, the rubber powder dish slides before and after being arranged on a lifting platform B above and driving air cylinder driven by it, lifting platform B and loading and unloading frame 1 vertically are slidably connected and drive the air cylinder driven lifting by it, and install one on the rubber powder dish for striking off the scraping blade of rubber powder, scraping blade drives air cylinder driven to swing by it; During bread, the rubber powder dish moves into, and lifting platform B rises, and the fixture pin of the fixture on switch fixture seat A utilizes the waste heat bread in the rubber powder dish after blanking, and then, lifting platform B resets, and the rubber powder dish resets and strikes off rubber powder.Here also can one heating tube be installed in a side of rubber powder dish the fixture pin is heated, to avoid the waste heat deficiency after blanking.The material loading assembly is installed on material loading position 13, the material loading assembly comprises a heating tube, a storing basin and a die pad, this heating tube is arranged on the top of storing basin and drives the air cylinder driven lifting by it, this heating tube is connected with thermatron, the storing basin is fixed on loading and unloading frame 1, die pad is arranged in the storing basin and by it and drives the air cylinder driven oscilaltion, and the material loading clamping fixture seat is fixedly mounted on loading and unloading frame 1 and is positioned at storing basin top; During material loading, die pad is the row of the crystal blank jack-up one in the storing basin, and crystal blank is held out against on the fixture pin of the fixture of material loading clamping fixture seat, heating tube heats and makes rubber powder on the fixture pin melt bonding crystal blank the fixture pin, then, heating tube and die pad reset, and complete material loading.Set up a Cooling fixture seat on cool position 14.The switch fixture seat A151 of material loading bread position 12, the material loading clamping fixture seat of material loading position 13 and the Cooling fixture seat on cool position 14 set in a row along fixture length direction left and right, and also the be provided with a plurality of upper latch segment that for about fixture push to slide guiding the same as the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat on these clamping fixture seats (also comprising the switch fixture seat on blanking position 11), lower latch segment and guide wheel (and fixture locking cylinder), similarly, also all set up straight rail above them, these straight rails and grinding and polishing machinery, straight rail in docking machinery is spliced to form the complete machine track moved left and right for a plurality of transfer robot arm, transfer robot arm is carried out fixture left and right on each clamping fixture seat to shift.In the present embodiment, loading and unloading machinery is processed two fixtures with the same each station of grinding and polishing machinery simultaneously, thus each clamping fixture seat and straight rail be all before and after paired setting.
As shown in Figure 9, described docking machinery comprises docking frame 3, docking frame 3 is provided with a docking position 31, a clear position 32, a docking bread position 33 and a wait position 34, docking location 31 and clear position 32 left and right settings in a row, docking bread position 33 and holding fix 34 left and right settings in a row, clear position 32 and docking 33 front and back, bread position are a row setting, and docking location 31 and holding fix 34 front and back are a row setting.One cursor 35 that can rotate and locate is installed between docking location 31 and holding fix 34, cursor 35 is driven and is rotated in vertical plane by its drive unit, the turning cylinder of cursor 35 is located at the one side, at the offside of its turning cylinder, docking lower clamp seat 351 is installed, on docking location 31, install connecting clamping fixture seat and a heating tube, to connecting clamping fixture seat, be fixed on docking frame 3, this heating tube is arranged on the below to connecting clamping fixture seat and drives the air cylinder driven lifting by it, this heating tube is connected with thermatron, and holding fix 34 is room, when the docking lower clamp seat 351 on cursor 35 turns to docking location 31, docking lower clamp seat 351 be positioned to connect clamping fixture seat under, the fixture pin of the fixture on docking lower clamp seat 351 upwards and with the crystal blank on fixture pin to connecting the fixture on clamping fixture seat offsets, heating tube is first added PUR to the fixture pin of the fixture on docking lower clamp seat 351, again the fixture pin heating to connecting the fixture on clamping fixture seat is removed photoresist, after docking, crystal blank is bonded on the fixture pin of the fixture (band material clamp) on docking lower clamp seat 351, cursor 35 rotates 180 °, docking lower clamp seat 351 on cursor 35 turns to holding fix 34, fixture pin on docking lower clamp seat 351 is downward, wait left and right transfer robot arm is removed the band material clamp.Between clear position 32 and docking bread position 33, a rotating turret B36 that can rotate and locate is installed, rotating turret B36 is driven and is rotated in horizontal plane by its drive unit, two groups of switch fixture seat B361 before and after being equipped with on rotating turret B36, these two groups of switch fixture seat B361 lay respectively at the top of clear position 32 and docking bread position 33.Clear position 32 is provided with cleaning assembly, cleaning assembly comprises a waste material basin and a wire brush, the waste material basin is positioned at the below of the switch fixture seat B361 on clear position 32, wire brush is arranged on waste material basin top and is driven and rotated by its drive motors, the waste material basin with dock that frame 3 vertically is slidably connected and with by its drive unit driving oscilaltion; Empty fixture after docking moved to switch fixture seat B361 on clear position 32 when upper from docking location 31 to connecting clamping fixture seat by left and right transfer robot arm 50, and the waste material basin rises, the cull on the fixture pin of the empty fixture after the brushing docking.Docking bread position 33 is provided with the bread assembly, this bread assembly is identical with the locational bread modular construction of material loading bread, comprise a rubber powder dish, the rubber powder dish slides before and after being arranged on a lifting platform B above and driving air cylinder driven by it, lifting platform B with dock that frame 3 vertically is slidably connected and drive the air cylinder driven lifting by it, and install one on the rubber powder dish for striking off the scraping blade of rubber powder, scraping blade drives air cylinder driven to swing by it; During bread, the rubber powder dish moves into, and lifting platform B rises, and the fixture pin of the fixture on switch fixture seat B utilizes the waste heat bread in the rubber powder dish after blanking, and then, lifting platform B resets, and the rubber powder dish resets and strikes off rubber powder.The switch fixture seat B to connecting on clamping fixture seat and clear position 32 on docking location 31 sets in a row along fixture length direction left and right, switch fixture seat B on docking bread position 33 and the docking lower clamp seat 351 on holding fix 34 set in a row along fixture length direction left and right, and also be provided with for about fixture the same with the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat pushes to slide latch segment on guiding a plurality of on these clamping fixture seats, lower latch segment and guide wheel (and fixture locking cylinder), similarly, also all set up straight rail above them, these straight rails and grinding and polishing machinery, straight rail in loading and unloading machinery is spliced to form the complete machine track moved left and right for a plurality of transfer robot arm, transfer robot arm is carried out fixture left and right on each clamping fixture seat to shift.In the present embodiment, docking machinery is processed two fixtures with the same each station of grinding and polishing machinery simultaneously, thus each clamping fixture seat and straight rail be all before and after paired setting.The drive unit of described cursor 35 comprises driving cylinder 352, drives cylinder 352 to be in transmission connection by tooth bar and gear wheel 353, and gear wheel 353 is in transmission connection and then drives cursor 35 to rotate with the gear shaft of cursor 35.
Process is described as follows:
As shown in Figure 1, be arranged on the fixture on the switch fixture seat A151 on blanking position 11, complete after discharging the empty fixture formed after blanking by the blanking assembly, rotating turret A15 horizontally rotates 180 °, empty fixture after blanking is transferred to material loading bread position 12, after completing bread by the bread assembly, 5 pass supreme material level by the fixture after this bread puts on 13 material loading clamping fixture seat, after completing material loading by the material loading assembly, the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5 is passed this to the Cooling fixture seat of cool position 14 with material clamp, after cooling, the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5 is passed it more successively to a grinding and the secondary grinding station 21 of the processing of episphere inclined plane milling and casting, carry out polishing processing on stock removal polishing and second polishing station 22, the fixture that completes the episphere polishing processing by the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5 pass to docking location 31 to connecting on clamping fixture seat, the empty fixture docking on the lower clamp seat of docking with cursor: dock fixture on upper and lower clamping fixture seat to supporting → the fixture pin of following empty fixture is added to the bonding upper crystal blank of PUR → remove photoresist → Cooling fixture of the fixture pin heating pin of top fixture is made to be adhesively fixed.After completing docking, docking location 31 to connect on clamping fixture seat, install be the docking after empty fixture, what on the docking lower clamp seat on cursor 35, install is the band material clamp after docking, cursor 35 vertically rotates 180 °, the docking lower clamp seat and on docking after the band material clamp be transferred to holding fix 34, empty fixture after docking is passed to the switch fixture seat B on clear position 32 by the first left/right rotation moving mechanism 5, by cleaning assembly, fixture is cleared up and removed cull, rotating turret B horizontally rotates 180 °, fixture after cleaning is transferred to docking bread position 33, after completing bread by the bread assembly, fixture after bread is passed it to the docking lower clamp seat of holding fix 34 by the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6, simultaneously by passing to the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat on a grinding and polishing station 41 of lower semisphere grinding and polishing with material clamp on the former lower clamp of the docking at holding fix 34 seat, cursor 35 vertically rotates 180 °, docking lower clamp seat and on bread after fixture be transferred to docking location 31 and dock next time, the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6 will be after passing with material clamp successively and carrying out polishing processing to a grinding of lower semisphere inclined plane milling and casting processing and secondary grinding station 41, stock removal polishing and second polishing station 42, pass again to grinding station 43 and the polishing station 44 of end face polishing processing and carry out the end face polishing processing, the band material clamp completed after polishing processing is passed to blanking position 11 by the second left/right rotation moving mechanism 6, after completing blanking by the blanking assembly, enter next fabrication cycles.Be only below that the circulation of single group fixture is the explanation of example, in reality, each station is all that fixture continuous circulation circulation processing is arranged simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. the grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, comprise grinding and polishing frame (2), it is characterized in that, cylinder grinding tool (205) is installed on described grinding and polishing frame (2), cylinder grinding tool (205) is rotated around horizontal rotating shaft by grinding tool motor (206) driving be arranged on grinding and polishing frame (2), around cylinder grinding tool (205), a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors are installed up and down, the length bearing of trend of the fixture of installing in a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors (7) is parallel with the rotor shaft direction of cylinder grinding tool (205), a plurality of grinding and polishing sectors are arranged on a rotation seat (202), this rotation seat (202) and cylinder grinding tool (205) coaxial rotation setting, rotation seat (202) drives rotation by the rotation seat drive unit be arranged on grinding and polishing frame (2).
2. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described rotation seat drive unit is drive motors (204), and drive motors (204) is connected with rotation seat (202) gear drive.
3. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the linearly extended straight rail in left and right (201) has been set up in described grinding and polishing frame (2) top, along straight rail (201), slides transfer robot arm (50) is set.
4. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described grinding and polishing sector comprises the swing planker (203) that horizontally slips and be connected with rotation seat (202) level, swing planker (203) and drive the left and right reciprocally swinging by oscillatory gearing mechanism, swing upper slip of planker (203) grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) is set, grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) drives oscilaltion by the clamping fixture seat drive unit, grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) is provided with a plurality of upper latch segment that pushes to slide guiding for the fixture left and right, lower latch segment and guide wheel, upper latch segment is installed on the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat and with the dovetail upside of fixture (7) and is complementary, lower latch segment is connected and is complementary with the dovetail downside of fixture with the movable end of fixture locking cylinder on being arranged on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207), when fixture (7) while being locked, under the fixture locking air cylinder driven, thereby latch segment moves upward and coordinates and hold tightly fixing by the dovetail of fixture (7) with upper latch segment, guide wheel is arranged on grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) bottom, when fixture (7) while not being locked, fixture (7) can push to slide movement on guide wheel.
5. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described clamping fixture seat drive unit comprises the feeding cylinder, the feeding cylinder is fixedly mounted on and swings on planker (203), the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder is connected with grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207), also be provided with compensation mechanism, comprise and be arranged on compensation mechanism motor and the cam swung on planker (203), the compensation mechanism motor is connected with cam drive, thereby cam rotate be arranged on swing on planker and with the offset stroke of restriction feeding cylinder of the mobile terminal of feeding cylinder.
6. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described oscillatory gearing mechanism is for being arranged on the wobble drive cylinder on rotation seat (202).
7. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, one side of described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) is equipped with the calibration switching mechanism of the grinding and polishing face for changing crystal blank, comprise the calibration conversion support, Connection Block, the calibration conversion motor, Connection Block cylinder and connecting axle, the calibration conversion support is fixedly connected with the grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat, Connection Block and calibration conversion support are slidably connected and are moved by the Connection Block air cylinder driven, connecting axle rotates and is arranged on Connection Block, connecting axle one end is provided with and can coordinates with the worm shaft end of fixture (7) slot or the inserted block of pegging graft, the other end of connecting axle is by the bevel gear group, splined shaft is in transmission connection with the calibration conversion motor be arranged on the calibration conversion support.
8. a kind of grinding and polishing machinery for crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described swing planker (203) is V-shaped, each slip of the both sides of its V-arrangement arranges a grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207), described grinding and polishing clamping fixture seat (207) has an inclination board and a vertical board, the inclination board is connected with swing planker (203) tilt slide, and upper latch segment, lower latch segment, guide wheel and fixture locking cylinder are installed on vertical board.
9. a crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, is characterized in that, comprises grinding and polishing machinery as described as any one in claim 1 to 8.
10. a crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system, the the first left/right rotation moving mechanism (5) and the second left/right rotation moving mechanism (6) that before and after comprising, be arranged in parallel, be arranged in order from left to right and be provided with loading and unloading station, a plurality of episphere grinding and polishing station and docking station along the first left/right rotation moving mechanism (5), along the second left/right rotation moving mechanism (6) right-to-left, be arranged in order and be provided with docking station, a plurality of lower semisphere grinding and polishing station and loading and unloading station, it is characterized in that, the loading and unloading station is provided with for the crystal blank by processing and takes off and crystal blank to be processed is fixed on to the loading and unloading machinery on this fixture from fixture, be provided with grinding and polishing machinery as described as any one in claim 1 to 8 on episphere grinding and polishing station and lower semisphere grinding and polishing station, docking station is provided with for crystal blank is fixed to the docking machinery another fixture from a fixture switching, described the first left/right rotation moving mechanism (5) is identical with the structure of the second left/right rotation moving mechanism (6), include for push the linearly extended track of a plurality of transfer robot arm (50) and a left and right of fixture between adjacent stations, this rail bracket is located at loading and unloading machinery, grinding and polishing machinery and docking are mechanically, transfer robot arm (50) drives along this rail moving by shifting drive unit, loading and unloading machinery, grinding and polishing is mechanical and docking mechanically sets in a row along fixture length direction left and right for the clamping fixture seat of sectional fixture, and transfer robot arm (50) promotes slippage between clamping fixture seat that fixture is adjacent in left and right along the fixture length direction.
CN2013203965958U 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Automatic crystal blank grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machine thereof Withdrawn - After Issue CN203330826U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103341803A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-09 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 Crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing machine
CN104551915A (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-04-29 金华冠华水晶有限公司 Full-automatic water drill grinding-polishing machine and processing technique thereof
CN105033811A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-11-11 林友胜 Grinding and polishing mechanism for diamond grinding and polishing machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103341803A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-09 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 Crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing machine
CN103341803B (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-08-26 浙江名媛工艺饰品有限公司 A kind of crystal blank automatic grinding and polishing system and grinding and polishing machinery thereof
CN104551915A (en) * 2014-06-10 2015-04-29 金华冠华水晶有限公司 Full-automatic water drill grinding-polishing machine and processing technique thereof
CN105033811A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-11-11 林友胜 Grinding and polishing mechanism for diamond grinding and polishing machine

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