CN203255177U - Elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system - Google Patents

Elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203255177U
CN203255177U CN 201320242149 CN201320242149U CN203255177U CN 203255177 U CN203255177 U CN 203255177U CN 201320242149 CN201320242149 CN 201320242149 CN 201320242149 U CN201320242149 U CN 201320242149U CN 203255177 U CN203255177 U CN 203255177U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solenoid directional
control valve
directional control
elastic rubber
fluid port
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320242149
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲金玉
魏伟
李训明
王儒
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Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
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Priority to CN 201320242149 priority Critical patent/CN203255177U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203255177U publication Critical patent/CN203255177U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system which comprises an elastic rubber belt energy accumulator, a gear transmission box, a brake, clutches, an electronic control unit, an accelerator pedal switch, a brake pedal switch, a reverse gear switch, a neutral position switch, a vehicle speed sensor, a drum shaft angle initial position sensor, a drum shaft angle final position sensor and a hydraulic control module. The system can automatically identify the transport condition of an automobile, and carries out forwarding braking energy recovery control, forwarding starting braking energy release control and braking energy maintenance control on the automobile, and therefore the aims of reducing automobile fuel consumption and reducing emissions can be achieved.

Description

Elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of control system, more particularly says, relates to a kind of elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system.
Background technology
Along with energy demand rapid growth and the day by day aggravation of deficient contradiction of oil resources, energy-saving and emission-reduction more and more receive global concern.Automobile uses the concern that more and more is subject to people as the requisite vehicle to the saving of its energy.Automobile is in braking procedure, and kinetic energy and the potential energy all friction force on the friction force by drg and tire and ground are converted into heat energy and slattern, and not only reduced the service life of drg and tire, and energy utilization rate are very low.At present, the engines fuel-economizing technology of automobile and the research of complete machine matching technique are very deep, but are difficult to improve significantly the energy-saving effect of complete machine.
Braking energy reclaims with regeneration techniques and the braking energy of automobile and the excess energy of driving engine can be reclaimed and store, and in the process of automobile start, provide auxiliary power, guarantee that engine operation is in the high efficiency fuel economic zone, well having processed automobile, to play the stopping time energy utilization rate low, the engine operation interval range is large, discharge serious problem, therefore become the focus of research.
In present the braking energy recovery and regeneration system, divide by the mode of energy storage and to mainly contain: battery energy storage formula, hydraulic accumulation energy type and fly wheel energy storage type, still not based on the elastic rubber band energy storage, can automatically identify motoring condition and carry out automobile automobile braking energy regeneration control system and method that braking energy release control and braking energy when braking energy reclaims control, starting when advancing store control.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides and a kind ofly can overcome defects, give full play to that the rubber tape accumulator structure is simple, lightweight, the energy transformation ratio advantages of higher, operation intention and the automobile that can automatically judge chaufeur advances, braking, starting state, realizes that braking energy reclaimed control when automobile advanced, the elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system of braking energy release control and braking energy retentive control when advancing.
Its technical scheme is: a kind of elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system comprises gear, first clutch, second clutch, drg, brake pedal switch, acceleration pedal switch, neutral switch, car speed sensor, reverse gear switch, elastic rubber band energy storage, drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate, drum shaft corner home sensor, drum shaft corner final position sensor, ECU (Electrical Control Unit), hydraulic control module.
Wherein, gear is used for realizing elastic rubber band energy storage and the first universal drive shaft of automobile, the power transmission of the second universal drive shaft.
The elastic rubber band energy storage is for the braking energy that stores and discharge automobile.
First clutch, the power transmission of elastic rubber band energy storage and gear control when being used for Recovering Waste Energy of Braking in Automobiles.
Second clutch, the power transmission of elastic rubber band energy storage and gear control when being used for vehicle starting.
Drg, retentive control when being used for the braking energy of elastic rubber band energy storage.
The acceleration pedal switch, for detection of chaufeur whether to put one's foot down.
Whether the brake pedal switch depresses brake pedal for detection of chaufeur.
Whether reverse gear switch is in backing car gear for detection of automobile.
Whether neutral switch is in the neutral gear gear for detection of automobile.
Car speed sensor is used for measuring automobile driving speed.
Drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate is used for the angle that shows that cylinder turns over.
Whether drum shaft corner home sensor releases stored energy for detection of energy storage.
Whether drum shaft corner final position sensor stores full energy for detection of energy storage.
Described ECU (Electrical Control Unit), adopt micro controller system, its input end connects drum shaft corner home sensor, drum shaft corner final position sensor, brake pedal switch, acceleration pedal switch, neutral switch, car speed sensor, reverse gear switch, be used for the speed of operation of the motoring condition that advances of identification automobile, advance starting state and judgement automobile and the starting and braking intention of chaufeur, and then the elastic potential energy that stores in the calculating elastic rubber tape energy storage; Its mouth connects the first solenoid directional control valve magnet coil, the second solenoid directional control valve magnet coil, the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil of hydraulic control module, be used for carrying out automobile when advancing braking energy reclaim control, braking energy release control and braking energy retentive control when advancing.
Described hydraulic control module comprises the first solenoid directional control valve, the second solenoid directional control valve and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve; Wherein, the A hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve connects the oil inlet of first clutch, the A hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve connects the oil inlet of second clutch, the A hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve connects the oil inlet of drg, the oil inlet of fuel tank connects the T hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve simultaneously, the T hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve, the T hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve and the oil outlet of by pass valve, the oil outlet of check valve connects the P hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve simultaneously, the P hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve and the P hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve, the oil inlet of check valve and the oil inlet of by pass valve connect the oil outlet of Hydraulic Pump simultaneously, the oil inlet of Hydraulic Pump connects the oil outlet of oil filter, the oil outlet of the oil inlet connected tank of oil filter.
The utility model compared with prior art, its advantage is:
(1) elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system of the present utility model, identification of driver advances, brakes and the intention that starts to walk, the state of the elastic potential energy that stores in detection automobile driving speed and the elastic rubber band energy storage automatically;
(2) elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system of the present utility model, braking energy reclaims control, braking energy release control and braking energy retentive control when advancing in the time of can realizing that automobile advances, thereby reaches the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction;
(3) elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system of the present utility model can reduce the drg abrasion, prolongs drg service life, improves the brake efficiency of automobile.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the control system structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is that the utility model embodiment intermediate roll Shaft angle detects the end plate structural representation.
in figure: 1. the first universal drive shaft, 2. the second universal drive shaft, 3. automobile gearbox, 4. main reducing gear, 100. gear, 101. first clutch, 102. second clutch, 103. brake, 200. elastic rubber band accumulator, 201. drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate, 201a. drum shaft roll angle inspection projection, 202. drum shaft corner home sensor, 203. drum shaft corner final position sensor, 300. ECU, 301. brake pedal switch, 302. ignition switch, 303. accelerator pedal switch, 304. neutral position switch, 305. vehicle speed sensor, 306. reverse gear switch, 400. hydraulic control module, 401. the first solenoid directional control valve, 401a. the first solenoid directional control valve solenoid 402. second solenoid directional control valves, 402a. the second solenoid directional control valve solenoid, 403. the 3rd solenoid directional control valve, 403a. the 3rd solenoid directional control valve solenoid, 404. check valve, 405. overflow valve 406. hydraulic pump 407. oil screens, 408. fuel tank
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system comprises gear 100, first clutch 101, second clutch 102, drg 103, brake pedal switch 301, acceleration pedal switch 303, neutral switch 304, car speed sensor 305, reverse gear switch 306, elastic rubber band energy storage 200, drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate 201, drum shaft corner home sensor 202, drum shaft corner final position sensor 203, ECU (Electrical Control Unit) 300, hydraulic control module 400.
Gear 100 is used for realizing elastic rubber band energy storage 200 and the first universal drive shaft 1 of automobile, the power transmission of the second universal drive shaft 2.
Elastic rubber band energy storage 200, for the braking energy that stores and discharge automobile, when automobile carries out the braking energy recovery, 200 energy storage of elastic rubber band energy storage, when automobile was started to walk, elastic rubber band energy storage 200 released energy.
First clutch 101, elastic rubber band energy storage 200 is controlled with the power transmission of gear 100 when being used for Recovering Waste Energy of Braking in Automobiles, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carries out the braking energy retentive control, first clutch 101 separates, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carries out braking energy recovery control, first clutch 101 combinations.
Second clutch 102, elastic rubber band energy storage 200 is controlled with the power transmission of gear 100 when advancing starting for automobile, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carries out the braking energy retentive control, second clutch 102 separates, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carries out the braking energy release control, second clutch 102 combinations.
Drg 103, be used for the braking energy retentive control of elastic rubber band energy storage 200, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carries out the braking energy retentive control, drg 103 brakings, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 carried out braking energy recovery or braking energy release, drg 103 was not braked.
Whether brake pedal switch 301 depresses brake pedal for detection of chaufeur, when brake pedal is depressed, and brake pedal switch 301 closures, when brake pedal was not depressed, brake pedal switch 301 disconnected.
Acceleration pedal switch 303, for detection of chaufeur whether to put one's foot down, when acceleration pedal is depressed, acceleration pedal switch 303 closures, when acceleration pedal was not depressed, acceleration pedal switch 303 disconnected.
Whether neutral switch 304 is in the neutral gear gear for detection of automobile, when chaufeur is hung on neutral gear with automobile, and neutral switch 304 closures, when chaufeur was not hung on neutral gear with automobile, neutral switch 304 disconnected.
Car speed sensor 305 is used for measuring automobile driving speed.
Whether reverse gear switch 306 is in backing car gear for detection of automobile, when chaufeur is hung on reverse gear with automobile, and reverse gear switch 306 closures, when chaufeur was not hung on reverse gear with automobile, reverse gear switch 306 disconnected.
Drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate 201 is used for the angle that shows that cylinder turns over.
Whether drum shaft corner home sensor 202 releases stored energy for detection of elastic rubber band energy storage 200.
Whether drum shaft corner final position sensor 203 stores full energy for detection of elastic rubber band energy storage 200.
Drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate 201 is fixedly attached on the end of elastic rubber band energy storage 200 drum shafts by key, when elastic rubber band energy storage 200 is in initial position, drum shaft roll angle inspection projection 201a is aligns with drum Shaft angle home sensor 202 just in time, this initial position is that the elastic potential energy of elastic rubber band energy storage 200 storages discharges the position of ending, at this moment, drum shaft corner home sensor 202 can detect the cylinder initial position signal; When drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate 201 turns over certain angle under drum shaft drives, during drum shaft roll angle inspection projection 201a aligns with drum Shaft angle final position sensor 203, this final position is the position that 200 accumulation of energys of elastic rubber band energy storage end, at this moment, drum shaft corner final position sensor 203 can detect cylinder final position signal.
Described ECU (Electrical Control Unit) 300, adopt micro controller system, its input end connects drum shaft corner home sensor 202, drum shaft corner final position sensor 203, brake pedal switch 301, acceleration pedal switch 303, neutral switch 304, car speed sensor 305, reverse gear switch 306, be used for the speed of operation of the motoring condition that advances of identification automobile, advance starting state and judgement automobile and the starting and braking intention of chaufeur, and then the elastic potential energy that stores in the calculating elastic rubber tape energy storage 200; Its mouth connects the first solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 401a, the second solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 402a, the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 403a of hydraulic control module 400, be used for carrying out automobile when advancing braking energy reclaim control, braking energy release control and braking energy retentive control when advancing.
Described hydraulic control module 400 comprises the first solenoid directional control valve 401, the second solenoid directional control valve 402 and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403; Wherein, the A hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve 401 connects the oil inlet of first clutch 101, the A hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve 402 connects the oil inlet of second clutch 102, the A hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403 connects the oil inlet of drg 103, the oil inlet of fuel tank 408 connects the T hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve 401 simultaneously, the T hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve 402, the T hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403 and the oil outlet of by pass valve 405, the oil outlet of check valve 404 connects the P hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve 401 simultaneously, the P hydraulic fluid port of the P hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve 402 and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403, the oil inlet of the oil inlet of check valve 404 and by pass valve 405 connects the oil outlet of Hydraulic Pump 406 simultaneously, the oil inlet of Hydraulic Pump 406 connects the oil outlet of oil filter 407, the oil outlet of the oil inlet connected tank 408 of oil filter 407.
The working process that control system is carried out Recovering Waste Energy of Braking in Automobiles control, braking energy release control and braking energy retentive control is.
In automobile advances travelling brake energy removal process, ECU (Electrical Control Unit) 300 makes the first solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 401a and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 403a energising, the control position of conversion the first solenoid directional control valve 401 and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403, the high-pressure oil passage that leads to drg 103 is truncated, the oil return line that drg 103 leads to fuel tank is switched on, the working piston of drg 103 resets under the effect of pull back spring, hydraulic oil in the plunger shaft flows back to fuel tank 408 through oil return line, drg 103 is in non-braking mode, simultaneously, the high-pressure oil passage that leads to first clutch 101 is switched on, the oil return line that first clutch 101 leads to fuel tank 408 is truncated, first clutch 101 is in engagement state, and the kinetic energy when automobile advances braking passes through main reduction gear 4 by wheel, the first universal drive shaft 1, first clutch 101, gear 100, the elastic potential energy that the second universal drive shaft 2 converts elastic rubber band to is stored in the elastic rubber band energy storage 200.
In automobile advances starting braking energy dispose procedure, ECU (Electrical Control Unit) 300 makes the second solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 402a and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 403a energising, the control position of conversion the second solenoid directional control valve 402 and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403, the high-pressure oil passage that leads to drg 103 is truncated, the oil return line that drg 103 leads to fuel tank 408 is switched on, the working piston of drg 103 resets under the effect of pull back spring, hydraulic oil in the plunger shaft flows back to fuel tank 408 through oil return line, drg 103 is in non-braking mode, simultaneously, the high-pressure oil passage that leads to second clutch 102 is switched on, the oil return line that second clutch 102 leads to fuel tank 408 is truncated, and second clutch 102 is in engagement state; The elastic potential energy that stores in the elastic rubber band energy storage 200 converts the kinetic energy of automobile driving wheel to by the second universal drive shaft 2, gear 100, second clutch 102, the first universal drive shaft 1 and main reduction gear 4, thereby drives the automobile starting of advancing.
When automobile is in the braking energy keep-process, ECU (Electrical Control Unit) 300 makes the first solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 401a, the second solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 402a and the equal no power of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil 403a, the first solenoid directional control valve 401, the second solenoid directional control valve 402 and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve 403 control position that all is in the normal state, the high-pressure oil passage that lead to drg 103 this moment is switched on, the oil return line that drg 103 leads to fuel tank 408 is truncated, drg 103 is in braking mode, can not to stored energy in the elastic rubber band energy storage 200, can not discharge the energy that stores in the elastic rubber band energy storage 200.
The above has done detailed description to embodiment of the present utility model by reference to the accompanying drawings, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that affiliated technical field those of ordinary skill possesses, can also under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model aim, make various variations.

Claims (2)

1. elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system, comprise gear (100), first clutch (101), second clutch (102), drg (103), brake pedal switch (301), acceleration pedal switch (303), neutral switch (304), car speed sensor (305), reverse gear switch (306), it is characterized in that:
It also comprises: elastic rubber band energy storage (200), drum shaft roll angle inspection end plate (201), drum shaft corner home sensor (202), drum shaft corner final position sensor (203), ECU (Electrical Control Unit) (300), hydraulic control module (400);
Described ECU (Electrical Control Unit) (300), adopt micro controller system, its input end connects drum shaft corner home sensor (202), drum shaft corner final position sensor (203), brake pedal switch (301), acceleration pedal switch (303), neutral switch (304), car speed sensor (305), reverse gear switch (306), its mouth connects the first solenoid directional control valve magnet coil (401a) of hydraulic control module (400), the second solenoid directional control valve magnet coil (402a), the 3rd solenoid directional control valve magnet coil (403a).
2. such as elastic rubber band energy storage type automobile braking energy regeneration control system as described in the claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hydraulic control module (400) comprises the first solenoid directional control valve (401), the second solenoid directional control valve (402) and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve (403); Wherein, the A hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve (401) connects the oil inlet of first clutch (101), the A hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve (402) connects the oil inlet of second clutch (102), the A hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve (403) connects the oil inlet of drg (103), the oil inlet of fuel tank (408) connects the T hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve (401) simultaneously, the T hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve (402), the oil outlet of the T hydraulic fluid port of the 3rd solenoid directional control valve (403) and by pass valve (405), the oil outlet of check valve (404) connects the P hydraulic fluid port of the first solenoid directional control valve (401) simultaneously, the P hydraulic fluid port of the P hydraulic fluid port of the second solenoid directional control valve (402) and the 3rd solenoid directional control valve (403), the oil inlet of the oil inlet of check valve (404) and by pass valve (405) connects the oil outlet of Hydraulic Pump (406) simultaneously, the oil inlet of Hydraulic Pump (406) connects the oil outlet of oil filter (407), the oil outlet of the oil inlet connected tank (408) of oil filter (407).
CN 201320242149 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system Expired - Fee Related CN203255177U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320242149 CN203255177U (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320242149 CN203255177U (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Elastic rubber belt energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system

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CN203255177U true CN203255177U (en) 2013-10-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103241229A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-14 山东理工大学 Elastic rubber band energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system
CN103241237A (en) * 2013-06-03 2013-08-14 山东理工大学 Elastic rubber band energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103241229A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-14 山东理工大学 Elastic rubber band energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control system
CN103241237A (en) * 2013-06-03 2013-08-14 山东理工大学 Elastic rubber band energy accumulator type automobile braking energy regeneration control method

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131030

Termination date: 20140507