CN203149586U - Coal mine underground personnel positioning system - Google Patents

Coal mine underground personnel positioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203149586U
CN203149586U CN 201320082679 CN201320082679U CN203149586U CN 203149586 U CN203149586 U CN 203149586U CN 201320082679 CN201320082679 CN 201320082679 CN 201320082679 U CN201320082679 U CN 201320082679U CN 203149586 U CN203149586 U CN 203149586U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
radio frequency
reader
positioning system
coal mine
personnel positioning
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320082679
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏军生
武少峰
张长松
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HENAN ZHONGDUO TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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HENAN ZHONGDUO TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201320082679 priority Critical patent/CN203149586U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203149586U publication Critical patent/CN203149586U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a coal mine underground personnel positioning system. The coal mine underground personnel positioning system comprises a radio frequency scale cable, active radio frequency labels, a reader and a server. A conducting wire is arranged inside the radio frequency scale cable, a plurality of passive radio frequency labels are arranged on the conducting wire at intervals and are in non-contact radio frequency identification communication with the active radio frequency labels carried with the underground personnel, and the reader is used to read the ID identification codes and sequential information of the radio frequency labels in the communication states, upload the identification codes and the sequential information to the ground server via a network, and then compute, analyze and combine a two-dimensional or three-dimensional mining map to finish a personnel positioning function. Compared with the conventional positioning system, the coal mine underground personnel positioning system has the advantages of high positioning precision, strong anti-interference performance, low construction cost, etc., is especially suitable for the mine underground special environments, and also can be expanded and used in the long strip-like environments, such as underground tunnels, tunnels, caves, etc., in which other wireless positioning modes are limited, and the mobile objects, such as personnel, vehicles, goods and materials, etc., need to be positioned real-timely and accurately.

Description

A kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system
Technical field
The utility model relates to automatic identification and field of locating technology, relates in particular to a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system.
Background technology
Mine personnel positioning system, be one of mine safety six big security systems of national security supervisory department mandatory requirement construction, the positioning function of this system is going under well operations personnel daily management, the especially accident condition to organize the search and rescue aspect to have very important effect timely and accurately.Used mine personnel positioning system mainly with the distributing position decision bearing accuracy of reader, mostly is tens of rice even hundreds of rice now, and the data availability is low.Along with the China's coal-mine mining depth is constantly extended, high gas and gas projecting mine quantity are more and more, the Safety of Coal Mine Production difficulty is increasing, sets up the higher personnel location system of bearing accuracy, has important practical significance for ensureing to search and rescue fast under Safety of Coal Mine Production, the accident condition.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system is provided, is used for the location of coal mine down-hole personnel, its cost is low, and bearing accuracy is comparable formerly to improve one or two order of magnitude with system, can reach meter level.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system, comprise radio frequency scale cable, active radio frequency tag, reader and server, wherein, the cable laying of radio frequency scale needs to realize in the tunnel of personnel positioning under coal mine, radio frequency scale cable base band is a lead, presses close to lead a plurality of passive radio frequency labels equidistantly are set, and each passive radio frequency label all has unique ID identification code; Described reader is a plurality of, reader is connected with the lead of radio frequency scale cable, make radio frequency scale cable can cover all tunnels that mine need be realized positioning function, reader includes high frequency transmitter and receiver, control module and antenna, reader is coupled mutually by the antenna of the lead in the radio frequency scale cable and passive radio frequency label, provide the work energy and sequential to it, to passive radio frequency label ID identification code with internal storage data reads and write operation, reader simultaneously and the mine network connection; Described active radio frequency tag is carried on one's body the well personnel, and active radio frequency tag and passive radio frequency label are finished wireless contactless radio-frequency (RF) identification communication in the radio-frequency communication coverage; Server is installed on the ground, but server and reader both-way communication, and server is used for obtaining that reader transmits just at ID identification code and the time sequence information of the radio-frequency (RF) tag of communication, finishes the personnel positioning function in conjunction with mine two dimension or three-dimensional ore deposit figure.
Described passive radio frequency label is cylindric, and diameter is 0.3~0.4mm.
Long 2~the 4cm of described passive radio frequency label.
The spacing distance of adjacent two passive radio frequency labels is 1m~10m.
The beneficial effect that the utility model brings is: accurate positioning, radio-frequency (RF) tag spacing distance in the radio frequency scale cable can be selected in 1m~10m scope as required, its with go into active radio frequency tag that the well personnel carry in the radio-frequency communication responding range, reader will obtain sequential and the id information of the label of mutual communication, and be uploaded to the apps server on ground by network.The underworkings width is generally 2-6m, and the bearing accuracy of this positioning system can be accurate to rice, for production management and mine disaster rescue brings very big facility.Because the developing rapidly of Internet of Things industry, the manufacturing cost of radio-frequency (RF) tag is lower, the utility model with radio-frequency (RF) tag contactless be arranged at radio frequency scale cable inside, production technology is simple, low cost of manufacture is on-the-spotly installed and is keeped in repair easy.Existing localization method is to arrange a plurality of readers in the tunnel, and the personnel in the pit carries radio-frequency card, because reader can't arrange in a large number, the position location of can not extending can only be according to the mutual range estimation position of reader.If will reach the bearing accuracy with native system peer, a large amount of readers must be set, not only technical being difficult to realizes that construction cost is also far above cost of the present utility model.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is synoptic diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments.
As described in Figure 1, a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system comprises radio frequency scale cable, active radio frequency tag, reader and server, wherein,
Radio frequency scale cable 1 is laid in to be needed to realize in the tunnel of personnel positioning under the coal mine, be provided with a lead 20 in the insulating sheath of described radio frequency scale cable 1, be arranged at intervals with a plurality of passive radio frequency labels 2 on the lead 20, each passive radio frequency label 2 wherein has unique fixing ID identification code; The passive radio frequency label 2 of described radio frequency scale cable 1 inside is arranged according to certain distance, and the size of arrangement pitches is determined measurement unit and the bearing accuracy of radio frequency scale cable 1.Radio frequency scale cable 1, inner passive radio frequency label 2 contrast the physical location that can indicate mine laneway accurately with ore deposit figure.
Described reader 4 is a plurality of, reader 4 is connected with the lead 20 of radio frequency scale cable, reader 4 effectively transmits the length that energy and communication distance determine radio frequency scale cable 1, by appropriate design, the radio frequency scale cable 1 that reader 4 is connected can cover the tunnel that all need finish positioning function.The spacing distance of reader 4 is decided according to the length of radio frequency scale cable 1.Lead 20 in the radio frequency scale cable 1 is connected with reader 4, reader 4 is coupled mutually by the antenna of lead (antenna) with a plurality of passive radio frequency labels 2, provide the work energy and sequential to passive radio frequency label 2, ID identification code and the internal storage data of passive radio frequency label 2 carried out read or write operation; 4 whiles and mine network connection of reader.
Described active radio frequency tag 3 is carried on one's body the well personnel, when going into the well personnel from radio frequency scale cable 1 other process, when active radio frequency tag 3 is in the radio-frequency communication coverage with passive radio frequency label 2, finish wireless contactless radio-frequency (RF) identification communication, reader 4 is coupled by antenna, just namely can read ID identification code and time sequence information in the radio-frequency (RF) tag of communication state, and upload by network; Described active radio frequency tag 3 has power supply.
Server 5 is installed on the ground, server 5 is connected communication with reader 4 by special use or common network (bus network, Ethernet etc.), utilize the up-downgoing ability to communicate with reader 4, obtain ID identification code and the time sequence information of radio-frequency (RF) tag, by computational analysis, finish the personnel positioning function in conjunction with mine two dimension or three-dimensional ore deposit figure, descendingly in case of necessity write information to radio-frequency (RF) tag, as notify personnel to withdraw signal etc.Application program in conjunction with reader 4, radio frequency scale cable 1, the marker location of passive radio frequency label 2 in mine laneway, is determined the physical location into the entrained active radio frequency tag 3 of well personnel according to the radio-frequency (RF) tag information of all communication states.Select the radio-frequency (RF) tag communication information of corresponding period, can determine the event trace into the well personnel.
Described passive radio frequency label 2 is cylindric, long 2~4cm, and diameter is 0.3~0.4mm.Being advisable apart from spaced set of adjacent passive radio frequency label 2 is generally 1m~10m, as 1m, 2m, 5m, 10m etc.; The spacing size can be decided according to the desired bearing accuracy of diverse location under the coal mine, and passive radio frequency label 2 adopts the form of passive system.
This localization method utilizes the radio frequency scale cable 1 inner passive radio frequency label 2 that plays the tick lables effect, with go into the active radio frequency tag 3 that the well personnel carry, in moving process, by the radio frequency effective communication distance of setting, finish wireless contactless radio-frequency (RF) identification communication, thereby active radio frequency tag 3 positions of moving with fixing passive radio frequency label 2 location confirmations are to reach the bearing accuracy of designing requirement.
The utility model is compared with conventional alignment systems, have advantages such as bearing accuracy height (can reach meter level), strong interference immunity, construction cost be low, be particularly useful for down-hole, mine particular surroundings, but also expanded application in the tunnel, tunnel, cavern etc. be strip, other wireless location mode is limited, and mobile object (personnel, vehicle, goods and materials etc.) needs real-time pinpoint environment.

Claims (4)

1. coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system is characterized in that: comprise radio frequency scale cable, active radio frequency tag, reader and server, wherein,
The cable laying of radio frequency scale needs under coal mine to realize in the tunnel of personnel positioning that radio frequency scale cable base band is a lead, presses close to lead a plurality of passive radio frequency labels equidistantly are set, and each passive radio frequency label all has unique ID identification code;
Described reader is a plurality of, reader is connected with the lead of radio frequency scale cable, make radio frequency scale cable can cover all tunnels that mine need be realized positioning function, reader includes high frequency transmitter and receiver, control module and antenna, reader is coupled mutually by the antenna of the lead in the radio frequency scale cable and passive radio frequency label, provide the work energy and sequential to it, to passive radio frequency label ID identification code with internal storage data reads and write operation, reader simultaneously and the mine network connection;
Described active radio frequency tag is carried on one's body the well personnel, and active radio frequency tag and passive radio frequency label are finished wireless contactless radio-frequency (RF) identification communication in the radio-frequency communication coverage;
Server is installed on the ground, but server and reader both-way communication, and server is used for obtaining that reader transmits just at ID identification code and the time sequence information of the radio-frequency (RF) tag of communication, finishes the personnel positioning function in conjunction with mine two dimension or three-dimensional ore deposit figure.
2. a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described passive radio frequency label is cylindric, and diameter is 0.3~0.4mm.
3. a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the long 2~4cm of described passive radio frequency label.
4. a kind of coal mine down-hole personnel positioning system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the spacing distance of adjacent two passive radio frequency labels is 1m~10m.
CN 201320082679 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Coal mine underground personnel positioning system Expired - Fee Related CN203149586U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320082679 CN203149586U (en) 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Coal mine underground personnel positioning system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320082679 CN203149586U (en) 2013-02-25 2013-02-25 Coal mine underground personnel positioning system

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CN203149586U true CN203149586U (en) 2013-08-21

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104268491A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 东南大学 System and method for radio frequency identifying and positioning of track mobile equipment by using data redundancy
CN108972535A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-11 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Autonomous system, autonomous mobile apparatus and virtual wall component
WO2020122825A1 (en) 2018-12-12 2020-06-18 Mekap Deri Ve Ayakkabi Sanayi Ticaret Anonim Sirketi Personnel monitoring and labor productivity analysing system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104268491A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-07 东南大学 System and method for radio frequency identifying and positioning of track mobile equipment by using data redundancy
CN104268491B (en) * 2014-09-18 2017-06-16 东南大学 Using the track mobile devices radio frequency identification alignment system and method for data redundancy
CN108972535A (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-11 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Autonomous system, autonomous mobile apparatus and virtual wall component
WO2020122825A1 (en) 2018-12-12 2020-06-18 Mekap Deri Ve Ayakkabi Sanayi Ticaret Anonim Sirketi Personnel monitoring and labor productivity analysing system

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130821

Termination date: 20140225