CN203143980U - Winch free of disordering of ropes - Google Patents

Winch free of disordering of ropes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203143980U
CN203143980U CN 201320168864 CN201320168864U CN203143980U CN 203143980 U CN203143980 U CN 203143980U CN 201320168864 CN201320168864 CN 201320168864 CN 201320168864 U CN201320168864 U CN 201320168864U CN 203143980 U CN203143980 U CN 203143980U
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China
Prior art keywords
left
right
rope
shaft
screw
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CN 201320168864
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建辉
杨洪超
陈子顺
檀润华
韩波
于菲
张铁柱
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河北工业大学
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Priority to CN 201320168864 priority Critical patent/CN203143980U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a winch free of disordering of ropes. The winch comprises a rack, a steel wire rope winding plant and a steel wire rope tensioning device, wherein the steel wire rope winding plant and the steel wire rope tensioning device are arranged on the rack. The winch is characterized in that the steel wire rope winding plant is mainly formed by a main shaft, a left bidirectional lead screw sleeve, a right bidirectional lead screw sleeve, an upper spline tile, a lower spline tile, a coiling block, a left coiling block rib plate, a right coiling block rib plate, a left ball sliding block and a right ball sliding block. The steel wire rope tensioning device mainly comprises a driving shaft, a driven shaft, a tensioning wheel, a left transmission device, a right transmission device, a left tensioning device and a right tensioning device. The winch is further characterized in that the coiling block of the steel wire rope winding plant axially rotates relative to the rack and axially moves relative to the rack in a left-right reciprocating mode at the same time, and the position of a winding-out point of a steel wire rope always remains unchanged relative to the rack.

Description

一种无乱绳现象的卷扬机 A non-random phenomenon rope hoist

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及工程机械技术领域,具体是一种无乱绳现象的卷扬机。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mechanical engineering technology, it is a non-specific phenomenon of chaos rope hoist.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 卷扬机主要用于建筑、桥梁、冶金、矿山和油田等施工领域,但由于安装空间及环境条件的限制,使得钢丝绳的入绳角偏大,且钢丝绳在无负载时,卷筒上缠绕的钢丝绳容易松动,从而使排绳不齐,易造成钢丝绳压绳、乱绳、互相挤压等情况,导致缠绳混乱,工作效率不高,钢丝绳的使用寿命缩短,并且存在安全隐患。 [0002] The hoist is used in the field of construction of buildings, bridges, metallurgical, mining, and oil and the like, but since the mounting space constraints and environmental conditions, such that the rope and the rope is too large, and the wire rope when unloaded, is wound on the spool the rope is easy to loose, so that the missing row rope, wire rope pressure could easily lead rope, arbitrary justice, extrusion another case, the rope leading to confusion, high working efficiency, shorten the life of wire rope, and there are security risks. 现有解决钢丝绳入绳角问题大多采用排绳器,使钢丝绳入绳角满足要求,如公开号为CN20123120Y的中国实用新型专利,在卷扬机上安装自动排绳器,但排绳器属于强制排绳,是治标之策,没有从根本上消除钢丝绳由于入绳角过大而引起的侧向力,反而使钢丝绳磨损更加严重,降低了钢丝绳使用寿命,效果不理想。 Existing solutions Sishengrusheng Angle of steel mostly used spooling device, the steel angle Sishengrusheng meet the requirements, such as disclosed in Chinese Utility Model Patent No. CN20123120Y, the automatic spooling device mounted on the hoisting machine, the spooling device is mandatory Rope , is a temporary policy, not to fundamentally eliminate lateral forces into the rope because the rope angle is too large and cause, but to make rope wear more serious, reducing the service life of wire rope, is not ideal. 又如公开号为CN202284128U的中国实用新型专利,提供了一种卷扬机,它是将滚筒与滚筒转轴设置成轴向可滑动联接结构,滚筒通过螺杆与螺母进行螺旋传动,当滚筒转动时,拉索的卷出点位置可保持不变。 Another example of Publication No. CN202284128U Chinese utility model patent, there is provided a hoisting machine, which is provided to the drum and the drum shaft axially slidably coupling structure, a helical gear drum by a screw and a nut, when the drum is rotated, the cable unwinding position can remain unchanged. 该技术虽然消除了入绳角,但由于螺杆与螺母的传动限制,钢丝绳只能单层缠绕在卷筒上,无法满足油田、矿山等施工领域长距离作业的需要,使用范围受到限制。 Although this technique eliminates the cord angle, but restricted by the drive screw and the nut, only a single layer wound on the rope reel, a long distance can not meet the needs of construction work in oil fields, mining, etc., use of restricted. 另外现有的卷扬机在无负载时都不能给予钢丝绳一定的张紧力,从而使乱绳现象不可避免地依然存在。 In addition the existing hoist when unloaded wire rope can not give a certain degree of tension, so that the phenomenon of arbitrary justice inevitably remain.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 针对现有技术的不足,本实用新型拟解决的技术问题是:设计一种无乱绳现象的卷扬机,该卷扬机消除了入绳角,为钢丝绳提供张紧力,可使钢丝绳多层紧密排列在卷筒上,从根源上解决乱绳问题,提高了卷扬机的工作效率和钢丝绳的使用寿命,且结构简单,使用范围广。 [0003] deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention technical problem to be solved is: design a non-random phenomenon rope hoist, the hoist rope and into the elimination, to provide tension wire rope, wire rope allows multilayer closely arranged on a reel, address the root causes arbitrary justice issues, improve the efficiency and service life of wire rope winch, and the structure is simple, using a wide range.

[0004] 本实用新型解决所述技术问题的技术方案是,设计一种无乱绳现象的卷扬机,包括机架及安装于机架上的钢丝绳卷扬装置和钢丝绳张紧装置,其特征在于:所述钢丝绳卷扬装置主要由主轴,左、右双向丝杠套筒、上、下花键瓦片、卷筒、左、右卷筒肋板和左、右滚珠滑块组成;所述主轴为阶梯轴,中间为粗轴,两端为细轴,根据需要选择阶梯轴的一端与动力装置、减速装置及制动装置连接;所述左、右双向丝杠套筒通过轴承与主轴两端的细轴装配,并通过螺栓固连于所述机架上;所述上、下花键瓦片通过螺栓固连于主轴的粗轴上,将动力装置输出的扭矩传动给安装在机架上的卷筒;所述左、右卷筒肋板通过螺栓固连于所述卷筒上,与所述上、下花键瓦片滑动配合,并可在其上左右往复移动;所述左、右滚珠滑块分别安装于所述左、右滚筒肋板 [0004] The present invention to solve the technical problem of the technical solution is to design a non-chaotic phenomena rope winch, comprising a frame and means attached to the wire rope hoist rope tensioning device and the frame, wherein: the device consists of a spindle hoisting rope, the left and right two-way screw sleeve, upper and lower spline tile, roll, left, and right reel rib and left and right ball slider composition; the spindle is a stepped shaft, a crude intermediate shaft, both ends of the thin shaft, one end of the power required to select the device of the stepped shaft, and a braking device connected to the deceleration means; said left and right two-way screw sleeve ends through a fine bearing spindle the shaft fitting, and secured by bolts to said frame; said upper and lower spline shaft through a coarse tile is secured to the spindle bolt, the torque transmission to the power output apparatus is mounted on the frame of the roll cylinder; the left and right rib roll by means of bolts secured to said drum and said upper and lower spline sliding fit tiles, which can be reciprocated in right and left; the left and right balls sliders respectively mounted on the left and right rib roller ,并可在其内摆动一定角度,同时左、右滚珠滑块分别与所述左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹相配合,并可在其上滚动,使所述卷筒相对于所述机架一边轴向旋转、一边左右往复轴向移动;所述左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹一端封闭,另一端不封闭,且左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹间距与钢丝绳的直径设计一致;所述左、右滚珠滑块结构一样,均包括外圈、内圈与滚珠,外圈上的凸起嵌入内圈的滚珠孔中,并挤压其中的滚珠; , And the swing angle thereof, while the left and right ball slide respectively with the left and right bi-threaded screw sleeve cooperates, and can roll thereon, the spool relative to the rack side axial rotation, reciprocal axial movement of the left and right side; the left and right bi-threaded screw sleeve closed at one end, the other end is not closed, and the diameter of the left and right two-way screw thread pitch and the sleeve of the wire rope design of the same; the left and right as ball slider structure comprises an outer ring, an inner ring with the ball, the ball projection fitted in the inner bore outer ring, the balls and pressed therein;

[0005] 所述钢丝绳张紧装置主要包括主动轴、从动轴、张紧轮、左、右传动装置和左、右张紧装置;所述主动轴通过轴承安装在机架上,主动轴的中间装有张紧轮;所述从动轴安装在机架的滑道内,并可在滑道内移动,从动轴的中间装有同样的张紧轮;所述左、右传动装置由主动轮、棘轮和皮带组成,主动轮安装于主轴的两端,棘轮安装于主动轴的两端;所述左、右张紧装置由耳板、弹簧座、弹簧、螺杆及螺母组成,耳板通过轴承安装于主动轴的两端,弹簧座固连在机架上,并与滑道的方向垂直,螺杆、螺母及弹簧安装于耳板与弹簧座的孔内。 [0005] The wire rope tensioning device comprises a main driving shaft, a driven shaft, a tension wheel, the left and right gear and left and right tensioner; said driving shaft via a bearing mounted on the frame, the drive shaft with intermediate tensioning wheel; the driven shaft is mounted in the frame of the chute, the chute can be moved in the middle of the driven shaft with the same tensioning wheel; the left and right drive wheels by the active , and a belt composed of the ratchet, both ends of the driving wheel attached to the spindle, the ratchet attached to both ends of the driving shaft; the left and right tensioner of the lug plate, a spring seat, a spring, screw and nut combination, the lug plate through a bearing attached to both ends of the driving shaft, a spring seat fixedly connected to the rack, and the direction perpendicular to the slide, screw, nut and a spring attached to the ear hole of the spring seat plate.

[0006] 与现有技术相比,本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机具有以下特点: [0006] Compared with the prior art, the present invention is not chaotic phenomena rope winch has the following characteristics:

[0007] 1.结构简单,应用范围广。 Simple [0007] 1. The structure, wide application range. 本实用新型卷扬机的钢丝绳卷扬装置上的卷筒在运行时相对于机架可以一边旋转,一边左右往复轴向移动,且保证钢丝绳的卷出点位置相对于机架始终保持不变,可满足卷筒多层紧密排列钢丝绳的需求,不仅能在建筑、桥梁等施工领域中使用,也能满足油田、矿山等施工领域长距离作业的需要。 Reel rope hoist winch device according to the present invention in operation with respect to the chassis can be rotated and, while moving around reciprocal axial, and to ensure that the rope reel position relative to the chassis remains the same, to meet the multi-layer wire rope reel closely spaced demand, not only can be used in the field of building construction, bridges, etc., but also to meet the needs of oil field construction, mining and other long-distance operations.

[0008] 2.操作简便,效率提高。 Simple [0008] 2. The operation efficiency. 本实用新型卷扬机的钢丝绳张紧装置既能自动、也能手动调节钢丝绳卷出点与两张紧轮之间绳子的张紧,避免了卷扬机在无负载时因为钢丝绳松动造成的乱绳,提闻了生广效率。 The present invention hoist rope tensioning device as well as automatic, manual adjustment can unwinding the rope between the rope and the two points immediately tensioning wheel, avoiding chaos rope hoist with no load because the rope caused by loose, mention smell raw wide efficiency.

[0009] 3.钢丝绳使用寿命延长。 Extend [0009] 3. The wire rope life. 本实用新型可将钢丝绳精确紧密的单层或多层排列在卷扬机卷筒上,不仅从根本上避免了钢丝绳乱绳造成的重大安全事故,也避免了钢丝绳由排线器强制排绳造成的不必要磨损,延长了钢丝绳的使用寿命。 The utility model can accurately tight rope single or multiple layers arranged on the hoist drum, not only to avoid major accidents rope rope chaos caused fundamentally, but also to avoid the rope by the cable is not caused by forced Rope necessary wear and prolong the life of wire rope.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

`[0010] 图1为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的总体结构示意图。 `[0010] Figure 1 is no unauthorized disclosure hoist rope phenomenon overall schematic structural diagram of one kind of embodiment.

[0011] 图2为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的主轴结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 2 no unauthorized disclosure of the present hoist rope phenomenon one kind of schematic structure of an embodiment of the spindle.

[0012] 图3为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的双向丝杠结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 3 is no unauthorized disclosure hoist rope phenomenon schematic structural diagram of a two-way screw embodiment.

[0013] 图4为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的主轴与左、右双向丝杠套筒与左、右滚珠滑块装配结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 4 no unauthorized disclosure of the present hoist rope phenomenon spindle and the left and right two-way screw sleeve embodiment with the left, a schematic diagram of the structure of the right ball slide assembly embodiment.

[0014] 图5为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的卷筒肋板形状结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 5 invention cord no chaotic phenomena present a schematic view of one kind of hoist drum rib-shaped structure to an embodiment.

[0015] 图6为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的滚珠滑块形状结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 6 no unauthorized disclosure of the present hoist rope phenomenon one kind of ball slider shape schematic structure of an embodiment.

[0016] 图7为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的张紧装置形状结构示意图。 Shape structural diagram of the tensioning device [0016] FIG. 7 of the present invention without chaotic phenomena hoist rope of one embodiment.

[0017] 图8为本实用新型无乱绳现象的卷扬机一种实施例的螺杆形状结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 8 of the present invention no one kind of disorder hoist rope phenomenon schematic structure of an embodiment the shape of the screw.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 为了使本领域技术人员更好地理解本实用新型的技术方案,下面结合具体实施例及其附图对本实用新型作进一步的详细说明。 [0018] In order that those skilled in the art better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention will be further specific embodiments. 应当指出,构成本申请实施例一部分的附图用来提供对本实用新型的进一步理解,本部分中的对具体结构的描述及描述顺序仅是对具体实施例的说明,不应视为对实用新型的保护范围有任何限制作用。 It should be noted that the application of the present embodiment constitutes a part of embodiments of the present invention to provide a further understanding of this section of the description and the specific structure of the order of description is merely illustrative of specific embodiments of the invention should not be considered the scope of protection of any limiting effect.

[0019] 本实用新型设计的无乱绳现象的卷扬机(简称卷扬机,参见图1-8),包括机架1、钢丝绳卷扬装置2和钢丝绳张紧装置3,所述钢丝绳卷扬装置2、张紧装置3安装于机架I上;其特征在于所述钢丝绳卷扬装置2包括主轴21、左双向丝杠套筒22、右双向丝杠套筒23、上花键瓦片24、下花键瓦片25、卷筒26、左卷筒肋板27、右卷筒肋板28、左滚珠滑块271和右滚珠滑块281 ;所述主轴21为阶梯轴(参见图2、1),中间粗,两端细,根据工程需要选择其一端(左端或右端)与动力装置、减速装置及制动装置连接;所述左双向丝杠套筒22、右双向丝杠套筒23通过轴承与所述主轴21两端的细轴装配,并通过螺栓固连于所述机架I上;所述上花键瓦片24、下花键瓦片25通过螺栓固连于所述主轴21的中间粗轴上,将动力装置输出的扭矩传动给卷筒26 ;所述左卷筒肋板27、右卷筒肋板28通过螺栓对 [0019] No chaos phenomena rope hoist design of the present invention (referred to hoist, see FIGS. 1-8), comprising a frame 1, a wire rope hoist rope tensioning device 2 and device 3, the rope winch device 2, tensioning means mounted on the frame 3 I; wherein said wire rope hoist means 2 comprises a spindle 21, a left two-way screw sleeve 22, sleeve 23 and right two-way screw, spline tile 24, the flower key tile 25, the spool 26, the spool left rib 27 and right rib spool 28, a left and a right ball slide 271 ball slide 281; said spindle is a stepped shaft 21 (see FIG. 2,1), the crude intermediate, thin ends, project requiring the selection of one end (left or right) of the power device, and a braking device connected to the deceleration means; bidirectional screw sleeve 22 of the left and right two-way screw sleeve 23 through bearing the spindle assembly 21 at both ends of the thin shaft, and secured by bolts to said frame I; the tile spline 24, the spline tile 25 secured by bolts 21 to the main shaft of the crude intermediate shaft, the torque transmission power output apparatus 26 to the spool; the left reel ribs 27, a right spool 28 via bolts to the rib 固连于所述卷筒26的两端上,与所述上花键瓦片24、下花键瓦片25滑动配合,并能在其上左右往复移动;所述左滚珠滑块271、右滚珠滑块281分别安装于所述左滚筒肋板27、右滚筒肋板28内,并可在其内摆动一定角度,分别与所述左双向丝杠套筒22、右双向丝杠套筒23的螺纹配合,并能在其上滚动,使所述卷筒26相对于所述机架I 一边旋转一边左右往复移动,使钢丝绳的卷出点A位置相对于所述机架I保持不变,满足钢丝绳在卷筒26上多层紧密排列的需求。 Secured on both ends of the spool 26, and 24, the lower splines slidably mating splines tiles 25 on the tile, and the left and right movable reciprocally thereon; ball slider 271 of the left and right ball slide 281 are mounted to the left cylinder rib 27, the rib 28 of the right roller, and the swing angle thereof, respectively, with the left bidirectional screw sleeve 22, the threaded sleeve 23 and right bidirectional the threaded engagement, and can roll thereon, the spool 26 relative to the frame while I reciprocated while rotating around the rope reel with respect to the position of the point a to the rack I remains unchanged, meet tight rope arranged in multiple layers reel 26 on demand. 所述卷筒26及左、右卷筒肋板27、28为滑动配合。 The spool 26 and the left and right ribs 27 and 28 as the spool sliding fit.

[0020] 为了使左滚珠滑块271、右滚珠滑块281实现顺利换向,所述左双向丝杠套筒22的左端,右双向丝杠套筒23的右端螺纹分别封闭,另一端不封闭,且左、右双向丝杠套筒22、23的螺纹间距与钢丝绳的直径设计一致(参见图3)。 [0020] In order to make the ball slide 271 left and right ball slide 281 to achieve a smooth change to the left end of the left bidirectional screw sleeve 22, the right sleeve and right two-way screw thread 23 are closed, and the other end is not closed , and the left, uniform and right bidirectional design diameter screw thread pitch of the rope socket 22, 23 (see FIG. 3).

[0021] 所述左、右滚珠滑块271、281结构一样,均包括外圈、内圈与滚珠。 [0021] The left and right ball slider as structures 271, 281, each comprising an outer ring, the inner ring and the balls. 所述的滚珠可以为3个以上。 The balls may be three or more. 具体说,所述左滚珠滑块271包括内圈2711、外圈2712与滚珠2713,外圈2712上的凸起嵌入内圈2711的滚珠孔中,并挤压其中的滚珠2713 (参见图6)。 Specifically, the left ball slide 271 includes an inner ring 2711, an outer ring 2713 and the balls 2712, the projection 2711 of the inner ring fitted ball holes in the outer race 2712, the balls 2713 and pressed therein (see FIG. 6) . 所述右滚珠滑块281与所述左滚珠滑块271结构对称一致。 Said right ball slide 281 with the left ball slide 271 symmetrically same structure. 所述左、右滚珠滑块271、281的滚珠是圆球形、圆柱形或者圆锥形。 The left and right ball ball slider 271, 281 is spherical, cylindrical or conical.

[0022] 所述钢丝绳张紧装置3包括主动轴31、从动轴32、张紧轮33、左传动装置34、右传动装置35、左张紧装置36及右张紧装置37 ;所述主动轴31通过轴承安装在所述机架I上,中间装有张紧轮33 ;从动轴3 2安装在所述机架I的滑道内,并可在滑道内移动,从动轴32的中间装有同样的张紧轮33 ;所述左传动装置34由主动轮341、皮带342和棘轮343组成,右传动装置35由主动轮351、皮带352和棘轮353组成,左传动装置34的主动轮341与右传动装置35的主动轮351对称安装于主轴21的两端,左传动装置34的棘轮343与右传动装置35的棘轮353对称安装于主动轴31的两端,左传动装置34的皮带342安装于主动轮341与棘轮343的皮带槽内,右传动装置35的皮带352安装于主动轮351与棘轮353的皮带槽内;所述左张紧装置36由耳板361、弹簧座362、螺杆363、螺母364及弹簧365组成,右张紧装置37由耳板371、弹簧 [0022] The wire rope tensioning device 3 comprises a drive shaft 31, the driven shaft 32, 33, the left drive wheel tensioner 34, the right actuator 35, left 36 and the right tensioner tensioning device 37; the active shaft 31 on the chassis I, with intermediate tensioning wheel 33 mounted by bearings; a driven shaft 32 mounted in the chassis I of the chute, the chute and movable, the intermediate output shaft 32 the same with the tension pulley 33; the transmission 34 by the left driving wheel 341, the belt 342 and the ratchet 343 composed of a right driving wheel transmission 35 by the 351, 352 and the ratchet belt 353 composed of the left drive wheel transmission device 34 341 and the right driving wheel 35 of the transmission 351 symmetrically attached to both ends of the spindle 21, the ratchet 343 of the ratchet gear 34 of the left and right transmission means 35 attached to the ends 353 of the symmetrical drive shaft 31, drive belt 34 is left 342 attached to the belt capstan belt 341 with the ratchet slot 343, 352 of the right gear 35 attached to the driving wheel 351 and the ratchet belt 353 of the groove; tensioning means 36 of the left ear by the plate 361, spring seat 362, screw 363, nut 364 and the spring 365 consisting of, a right tensioning device 37 by the lug plate 371, a spring 372、螺杆373、螺母374及弹簧375组成,左张紧装置36的耳板361与右张紧装置37的耳板371通过轴承对称安装于所述主动轴21的两端,所述左张紧装置的弹簧座362固连在所述左机架11上,右张紧装置37的弹簧座372固连在所述右机架12上,分别并与滑道的方向垂直,所述左张紧装置36的螺杆363、螺母364及弹簧365安装于耳板361与弹簧座362的孔内;同样右张紧装置37的螺杆373、螺母374及弹簧375安装于耳板371与弹簧座372的孔内(参见图1和图7)。 372, screw 373, nut 374 and the spring 375 composed of left tension lug plate 36 and the right tensioner 361 of lug plate 371 is attached to the ends 37 of the driving shaft 21 through a bearing symmetry, the left tension spring seat means 362 secured on a frame 11 of the left and right tensioner 37 spring seat 372 secured on the right side frame 12, respectively, and a direction perpendicular to the slide, the left tension 36,336 of the screw means, the nut 364 and the spring 365 is attached to the ear hole of the plate 361 and spring seat 362; screw tensioning device 37 likewise the right 373, the nut 374 and the hole 372 of the spring 375 is attached to the lug 371 and spring seat plate inner (see FIG. 1 and FIG. 7).

[0023] 所述螺杆373的一端(上端或左端)为螺纹结构,用于与螺母374连接;螺杆373的另一端(下端或右端)有两段螺纹,即中螺纹3731和右螺纹3732,其余部分为光杆,中螺纹3731和右螺纹3732分别用于与弹簧座372的螺纹连接,螺杆373的底部装有把手3733(参见图8)。 End [0023] of the screw 373 (the upper end or left end) of the thread structure for connecting with the nut 374; the other end of the screw 373 (the lower end or right end) has two threads, i.e. right-hand screw threaded 3731 and 3732, the remaining rod part, a right threaded screw 3732 and 3731 are used to connect with the threads of the spring seat 372, the bottom 373 of the screw equipped with a handle 3733 (see FIG. 8). [0024] 本实用新型卷扬机的特点主要在于工作时所述钢丝绳卷扬装置2的卷筒26相对于所述机架I 一边轴向旋转、一边左右往复轴向移动,且使钢丝绳29的卷出点A位置相对于所述机架I始终保持不变,彻底解决卷扬机乱绳问题。 When [0024] The present invention features that the operation of said main hoist rope reel 26 of the winch device 2 with respect to the frame while I axial rotation, reciprocal axial movement of the left and right side, and the winding of the rope 29 A point I position relative to the chassis remains the same, to solve the problem hoist rope disorder. 本实用新型卷扬机所述钢丝绳张紧装置3既能自动完成钢丝绳卷出点A与两个张紧轮33之间钢丝绳29的张紧;也能手动实现钢丝绳卷出点A与两个张紧轮33之间钢丝绳29的张紧。 The present invention hoist rope tensioning device 3 can not only automatically unwinding point A rope tensioning rope 29 between two tensioning wheels 33; can be achieved manually unwinding the rope with two points A tensioning wheel 29 tensioned between the rope 33.

[0025] 下面对本实用新型卷扬机的工作过程和工作原理进行详细描述。 [0025] Next, the working process and working principle of the present invention will be described in detail winch.

[0026] 当动力装置带动主轴21旋转时,上花键瓦片24和下花键瓦片25带动卷筒26和左卷筒肋板27、右卷筒肋板28旋转,左双向丝杠套筒22的左端和右双向丝杠套筒23的右端分别固定在左机架11和右机架12上,左卷筒肋板27内的左滚珠滑块271的滚珠2713和右卷筒肋板28内的右滚珠滑块281的滚珠2813分别在其上的螺纹内滚动,同时使卷筒26和左卷筒肋板27、右卷筒肋板28左右轴向移动。 [0026] When the power unit to drive the spindle 21, the splines 24 and the splines tile tile 25 to drive the reel spool 26 and the left rib 27 and right rib spool 28 is rotated, the left set of bidirectional screw left and right bi-directional screw cylinder 22 of the sleeve 23 are fixed to the right end of the left frame 11 and right frame 12, the left ball slider 27 in the left rib roll the balls 271 and the right reel rib 2713 Right in the ball slide 281 the balls 28 are internal threads 2813 thereon rolling, while the reel spool 26 and the left rib 27, the axial movement of the right reel 28 around rib. 当卷筒26从左向右运动到右极限位置时,右滚珠滑块281自动换向,带动卷筒26从右向左运动;同理,卷筒26运动到左极限时,左滚珠滑块271自动换向,带动卷筒26从右向左运动,从而使卷筒26相对于机架I 一边轴向旋转一边左右往复移动,使钢丝绳的卷出点A位置相对于机架I始终保持不变,满足钢丝绳在卷筒26上紧密排列并可多层卷绕的目标需求。 When the reel 26 from left to right to limit the right position, the right ball slider 281 automatic commutation to drive the reel 26 from right to left movement; Similarly, the reel 26 is moved to the extreme left, the left ball slider 271 automatic reversing, driving the spool 26 from right to left movement so that the spool 26 axially relative to the frame while I reciprocated while rotating about the point a rope unwinding position with respect to the frame always remain I change, closely spaced wire rope to meet target requirements and multilayer wound on a reel 26.

[0027] 本实用新型卷扬机所述的钢丝绳张紧装置3能自动实现钢丝绳卷出点A与两张紧轮33之间钢丝绳29的张紧:当钢丝绳卷出端无负载时,此时钢丝绳29需要张紧,从动轴12所在机架I的滑道与水平方向有一定的角度,在从动轴32的重力及左张紧装置36、右张紧装置37的弹簧365与弹簧375的弹簧力作用下,使两个张紧轮33相贴紧,从而夹紧钢丝绳29,当卷扬装置空载放绳时,主轴21旋转,同时右传动装置35中的主动轮351通过皮带352带动棘轮353转动,此时左传动装置34中的棘轮343不转动,使主动轴31及其上的张紧轮33转动,从而使钢丝绳卷出点A处的线速度小于张紧轮33处的线速度,实现钢丝绳卷出点A与两张紧轮33之间钢丝绳29的张紧;当卷扬装置空载收绳时,主轴21旋转,同时左传动装置34中的主动轮341通过皮带342带动棘轮343转动,此时右传动装置35中的棘轮353不转动 [0027] The present invention according to winch rope tensioning device 3 can automatically unwinding the rope tightened between two points A rope tensioning wheel 33 and 29: when no load unwinding the rope, wire rope 29 at this time tensioning need, the driven shaft 12 where the slide of the horizontal direction of the rack are angled I, 36, and right springs 365 and the spring tensioning device 37 in gravity 375 and the left output shaft 32 of the tensioning device under the force of the two tension wheels 33 in close contact, to clamp the wire rope 29, when the release rope load hoisting apparatus, the spindle 21 is rotated, while the right driving wheel 35 of the transmission 351 via a belt 352 driven by ratchet 353 is rotated, the left transmission case 34 in the ratchet wheel 343 is not rotated, so that the active rotary shaft 31 and the tension pulley 33, thereby unwinding wire rope at the point a is smaller than the linear velocity at a line speed of the tension pulley 33 , to achieve a rope reel and the point a between the two tensioner pulley 29 of the tensioning rope 33; when closing rope load hoisting apparatus, the spindle 21 is rotated, while the left drive capstan 34 via a belt 342 driven by the ratchet 341 343 is rotated, the ratchet wheel 35 at this time in the right gear 353 is not rotated 使主动轴31及其上的张紧轮33转动,从而所述钢丝绳卷出点A处的线速度大于张紧轮33处的线速度,实现钢丝绳卷出点与两张紧轮之间钢丝绳29的张紧。 So that the active rotary shaft 31 and the tension pulley 33, so that the linear velocity of the roll at the point A is greater than the rope tension pulley 33 at the line speed to achieve a rope between the rope reel and the two point tension pulley 29 tension. 此外,通过改变左传动装置34和右传动装置35的传动比,可以对钢丝绳29张紧力的大小进行调节。 Further, by changing the transmission gear ratio of the left and right drive apparatus 34 35 may be adjusted to the size of the rope 29 tension. 当钢丝绳29卷出端有负载时,此时钢丝绳29不需要张紧,通过设置卷筒26和张紧轮33的相对位置,使钢丝绳卷出点A与两张紧轮33之间的钢丝绳29与垂直方向有一定的角度,钢丝绳卷出端负载的重力会将这段钢丝绳拉直,使从动轴32沿着机架I的滑道移动,从而使两个张紧轮33相脱离。 When the wire rope 29 unwound end of a load is not required at this time the wire rope 29 is tensioned by the relative position of the drum 26 and a tension setting wheel 33, the wire rope between the rope reel and the two points A tension pulley 33 29 the vertical direction a certain angle, the rope end of the load volume this will rope straightened gravity, the driven shaft 32 is moved along the slide rack I, so that the tension pulley 33 from two.

[0028] 所述钢丝绳张紧装置3也能手动调节,实现钢丝绳卷出点A与两个张紧轮33之间钢丝绳29的张紧,所述左张紧装置36、右张紧装置37的螺杆363与螺杆373下端分别带有中螺纹3631和右螺纹3632与中螺纹3731和右螺纹3732两段螺纹,当钢丝绳29不需要张紧时,先旋转螺杆363的把手3633使左张紧装置36的中螺纹361与弹簧座362的螺纹啮合,再旋转螺杆373的把手3733使右张紧装置37的中螺纹371与弹簧座372的螺纹啮合,从而使主动轴31和从动轴32的两个张紧轮33脱离,当钢丝绳29需要张紧时,先使左张紧装置36的右螺纹3632与弹簧座362的螺纹啮合,再使右张紧装置37的右螺纹3732与弹簧座372的螺纹啮合,从而使主动轴31和从动轴32的两个张紧轮33贴紧,从而夹紧钢丝绳29。 [0028] The wire rope tensioning device 3 can be manually adjusted to achieve a rope tensioning rope reel 29, the left tensioner 36 between points A and two tensioning wheels 33, 37 of the right tensioner the lower end of the screw 363 and the screw 373 are threaded with right-hand screw 3631 and the screw 3731 and 3632 and the two right-hand screw threads 3732, when the wire rope 29 does not need to tension, rotation of the handle 3633 of the screw 363 to the left of the tensioning means 36 361 threads in threaded engagement with the spring seat 362, and then the rotation of the screw of the right handle 3,733,373 tensioning device engages the threaded screw 371 and the spring seat 372 of 37, 31 so that the two drive shaft and the driven shaft 32 from the tension pulley 33, the rope 29 when the required tensioning, tensioning means to the left and right screw threaded engagement 36 of 3632 and the spring seat 362, and then the right flank 3732 of the right tensioning the spring seat 37 of the thread 372 engaged, so that the two drive shaft 31 and the tension pulley 33 of the driven shaft 32 in close contact to clamp the rope 29. 此外,通过改变所述左张紧装置36的右螺纹3632与弹簧座362的螺纹啮合程度,同时也改变右张紧装置37的右螺纹3732与弹簧座372的螺纹啮合程度,可以改变对钢丝绳29的夹紧力。 Further, by changing the degree of the left tensioning device right screw threaded engagement with the spring seat 36 3632 362, but also the right to change the degree of threaded engagement with a threaded tensioning device 3732 with the right spring seat 37 372, may be changed to the rope 29 the clamping force.

[0029] 本实用新型未述及之处适用于现有技术。 [0029] The present invention is not described in the prior art to apply.

[0030] 以上所述仅为本实用新型的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本实用新型,凡在本实用新型的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0030] The preferred embodiments of the present invention the above embodiments only but are not intended to limit the present disclosure, any modification within the spirit and principle of the invention, the, equivalent replacement, or improvement It should be included within the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0031] 要补充说明的是,本实用新型卷扬机所述的“上、下”、“前、后”、“左、右”等零部件的名称或安装方位词是依据操作工位或附图所示而言的,只具有相对性,或者仅是为了叙述清除和方便,不代表该结构或安装位置的唯一性和必须性。 [0031] to be added that, according to the present invention winch "upper, lower", "front, rear", "left, right" or name of the component mounting position of the word is based on the reference operating station or for shown, only a relative, or merely for convenience and clear description, and do not represent the only necessity of the structure or mounting position. 本实用新型卷扬机的实施例完全可以根据需要做非本质的适当地调整和变化。 Embodiments of the present invention, the hoisting machine can do unessential appropriately adjusted and varied as desired.

Claims (5)

1.一种无乱绳现象的卷扬机,包括机架及安装于机架上的钢丝绳卷扬装置和钢丝绳张紧装置,其特征在于:所述钢丝绳卷扬装置主要由主轴、左、右双向丝杠套筒、上、下花键瓦片、卷筒、左、右卷筒肋板和左、右滚珠滑块组成;所述主轴为阶梯轴,中间为粗轴,两端为细轴,根据需要选择阶梯轴的一端与动力装置、减速装置及制动装置连接;所述左、右双向丝杠套筒通过轴承与主轴两端的细轴装配,并通过螺栓固连于所述机架上;所述上、下花键瓦片通过螺栓固连于主轴的粗轴上,将动力装置输出的扭矩传动给安装在机架上的卷筒;所述左、右卷筒肋板通过螺栓固连于所述卷筒上,与所述上、下花键瓦片滑动配合,并可在其上左右往复移动;所述左、右滚珠滑块分别安装于所述左、右滚筒肋板内,并可在其内摆动一定角度,同时左、右滚珠滑块分 1. A non-chaotic phenomena rope winch, comprising a frame and means attached to the wire rope hoist rope tensioning device and the frame, characterized in that: said wire rope winding device consists of a spindle, the left and right bi-directional wire bar sleeve, upper and lower spline tile, roll, left, and right reel rib and left and right ball slider composition; said spindle is a stepped shaft, a crude intermediate shaft, both ends of the thin shaft, according to One end of the power unit necessary to select the stepped shaft, and a braking device connected to the deceleration means; said left and right bi-directional both ends of the threaded sleeve bearing by a thin shaft spindle assembly, and secured by bolts to said frame; said upper and lower spline shaft through a coarse tile is secured to the spindle bolt, the torque transmission to the power output apparatus is mounted on the frame of the roll; the right and left drum rib is fixedly connected by bolts on said drum, and said upper and lower spline sliding fit tiles, which can be reciprocated in right and left; the left and right are respectively mounted to the ball slide left and right inner drum rib, and the swing angle thereof, while the left and right ball slider minutes 与所述左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹相配合,并可在其上滚动,使所述卷筒相对于所述机架一边轴向旋转、一边左右往复轴向移动;所述左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹一端封闭,另一端不封闭,且左、右双向丝杠套筒的螺纹间距与钢丝绳的直径设计一致;所述左、右滚珠滑块结构一样,均包括外圈、内圈与滚珠,外圈上的凸起嵌入内圈的滚珠孔中,并挤压其中的滚珠; 所述钢丝绳张紧装置主要包括主动轴、从动轴、张紧轮、左、右传动装置和左、右张紧装置;所述主动轴通过轴承安装在机架上,主动轴的中间装有张紧轮;所述从动轴安装在机架的滑道内,并可在滑道内移动,从动轴的中间装有同样的张紧轮;所述左、右传动装置由主动轮、棘轮和皮带组成,主动轮安装于主轴的两端,棘轮安装于主动轴的两端;所述左、右张紧装置由耳板、弹簧座、 And the left and right bi-threaded screw sleeve cooperates, and can roll thereon, the reel axially with respect to said frame while rotating, reciprocating axial movement of the left and right side; the left, Right bidirectional screw threaded sleeve closed at one end, the other end is not closed, and the left, uniform and right bidirectional design diameter of the sleeve screw thread pitch of the rope; and the left and right as ball slider structure comprises an outer ring , the inner ring and the balls, the inner race of the ball holes projection fitted on the outer ring, the balls and pressed therein; the rope tensioning device comprises a main driving shaft, a driven shaft, a tension wheel, the left and right drive apparatus and left and right tensioner; said driving shaft via a bearing mounted on the frame, the intermediate drive shaft provided with the tension pulley; said driven shaft is mounted in the frame of the chute, the chute and movable , the intermediate driven shaft with the same tensioning wheel; the left and right driving wheel by a transmission device, and a belt composed of the ratchet driving wheel attached to both ends of the spindle, the ratchet wheel is attached to both ends of the driving shaft; the left and right tensioning device consists of the lug plate, a spring seat, 簧、螺杆及螺母组成,耳板通过轴承安装于主动轴的两端,弹簧座固连在机架上,并与滑道的方向垂直,螺杆、螺母及弹簧安装于耳板与弹簧座的孔内。 Spring, screw and nut combination, the lug plate through a bearing attached to both ends of the driving shaft, a spring seat fixedly connected to the rack, and the direction perpendicular to the slide, screw, nut and a spring attached to the ear hole of the spring seat plate Inside.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无乱绳现象的卷扬机,其特征在于所述上、下花键瓦片是梯形键或者三角型键。 The phenomenon of no unauthorized rope hoist according to claim 1, wherein said upper and lower spline tile triangular or trapezoidal key button.
3.根据权利要求1所述的无乱绳现象的卷扬机,其特征在于所述左、右滚珠滑块的滚珠是圆球形、圆柱形或者圆锥形;所述的滚珠为3个以上。 The phenomenon of no unauthorized rope hoist according to claim 1, wherein said left and right ball slider ball is spherical, cylindrical or conical; the three or more balls.
4.根据权利要求1·所述的无乱绳现象的卷扬机,其特征在于所述左、右传动装置是链传动或者齿轮传动。 The phenomenon of no unauthorized hoist rope 1. claim, wherein said left and right transmission means is a chain drive or gear drive.
5.根据权利要求1所述的无乱绳现象的卷扬机,其特征在于所述左、右张紧装置的螺杆一端有左螺纹,另一端有中螺纹和右螺纹两段螺纹,左螺纹、中螺纹和右螺纹之间为光杆,螺杆的底部装有把手。 The phenomenon of no unauthorized rope hoist according to claim 1, wherein the left and the right end of the screw tensioning device has a left screw, and the other end has a right-hand screw thread and two threads, a left screw, in between the thread of the threaded rod and right, the bottom of the screw equipped with a handle.
CN 201320168864 2013-04-07 2013-04-07 Winch free of disordering of ropes CN203143980U (en)

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Cited By (18)

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CN103193172A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 河北工业大学 Winding machine without rope tangling
CN103508352A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-01-15 河北工业大学 Cable arrangement device with self-pretightening force
US9676256B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-06-13 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power assist device for a vehicle door
US9777528B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-10-03 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Object detection and method for vehicle door assist system
US9797178B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-10-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Seal based object detection for vehicle door assist system
US9813541B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2017-11-07 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Mobile device control for powered door
US9818246B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-11-14 Ford Global Technologies, Llc System and method for gesture-based control of a vehicle door
US9834974B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-12-05 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door power assist
US9879465B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-01-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Programmable door power assist
US9890576B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-02-13 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Active door operation based on voice commands
US10000961B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-06-19 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Temperature control for powered vehicle doors
US10030431B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-07-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door power assist
US10145165B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-12-04 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Programmable door power assist
US10151132B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-12-11 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power Management for vehicle door system
US10161175B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-12-25 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Moving object detection for power door system
US10301863B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2019-05-28 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Mounting and aligning a vehicle side door motor within the current bill of process
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door
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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103193172B (en) * 2013-04-07 2015-03-11 河北工业大学 Winding machine without rope tangling
CN103193172A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 河北工业大学 Winding machine without rope tangling
CN103508352A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-01-15 河北工业大学 Cable arrangement device with self-pretightening force
CN103508352B (en) * 2013-10-29 2016-01-06 河北工业大学 One kind comes preload row fairlead
US10030431B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-07-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door power assist
US9777528B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-10-03 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Object detection and method for vehicle door assist system
US9797178B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-10-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Seal based object detection for vehicle door assist system
US10145165B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-12-04 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Programmable door power assist
US9818246B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-11-14 Ford Global Technologies, Llc System and method for gesture-based control of a vehicle door
US9834974B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-12-05 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door power assist
US9676256B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2017-06-13 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power assist device for a vehicle door
US9890576B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-02-13 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Active door operation based on voice commands
US9879465B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2018-01-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Programmable door power assist
US10443287B2 (en) 2015-07-29 2019-10-15 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Door position sensor and system for a vehicle
US10301863B2 (en) 2015-09-14 2019-05-28 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Mounting and aligning a vehicle side door motor within the current bill of process
US9813541B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2017-11-07 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Mobile device control for powered door
US10151132B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-12-11 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power Management for vehicle door system
US10161175B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-12-25 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Moving object detection for power door system
US10000961B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-06-19 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Temperature control for powered vehicle doors
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door

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