CN203101203U - Force application point displacement detection device for testing rock fracture toughness - Google Patents

Force application point displacement detection device for testing rock fracture toughness Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203101203U
CN203101203U CN 201320102397 CN201320102397U CN203101203U CN 203101203 U CN203101203 U CN 203101203U CN 201320102397 CN201320102397 CN 201320102397 CN 201320102397 U CN201320102397 U CN 201320102397U CN 203101203 U CN203101203 U CN 203101203U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
derby
plate
displacement
pick
fracture toughness
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201320102397
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔振东
刘大安
唐铁吾
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Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS
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Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS
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Priority to CN 201320102397 priority Critical patent/CN203101203U/en
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Publication of CN203101203U publication Critical patent/CN203101203U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of testing of rock fracture toughness and particularly relates to a force application point displacement detection device for testing the rock fracture toughness. The detection device comprises a yoke frame, two displacement sensors and a clamp, wherein the clamp comprises a base, as well as a first metal block and a second metal block, which are arranged on the base; and one displacement sensor is positioned between the first metal block and a third metal block arranged on the yoke frame, and the other displacement sensor is positioned between the second metal block and a fourth metal block arranged on the yoke frame. The detection device has the advantages of simple structure, practicability, convenience in processing, leveling and mounting, good in stability during the detection process and high in force application point displacement detection precision, and is conductive to eliminating the influence of deformation of the structure of the three-point bending testing clamp on force application point displacement detection results.

Description

The point of application displacement detector that is used for the rock fracture toughness test
Technical field
The utility model relates to the rock fracture toughness field tests, relates in particular to a kind of point of application displacement detector that is used for the rock fracture toughness test.
Background technology
Rock fracture toughness is of paramount importance parameter of rock and index, and it characterizes the ability of rock material opposing crack propagation or produces the required resistance that overcomes of new crack surfaces.At present, V-arrangement grooving three-point bending beam sample (CB) is one of rock fracture toughness method of testing of ISRM (ISRM) suggestion.
When using this suggesting method that V-type grooving rock sample is carried out the rock fracture toughness test, rock sample is carried out 4 loading-unloading circulations at least, extensometer follow-on test point of application displacement in adding uninstall process, obtain load-point of application displacement curve, provide foundation for the fracture toughness value to test carries out non-linear correction.In point of application displacement detecting process, york piece is embedded in the V-type grooving of rock sample and fixing, wherein the both sides of york piece are respectively arranged with the 3rd derby and the 4th derby, regulate rock sample and make the upper surface of the 3rd derby and the 4th derby on same surface level; End plate in 3 curved test fixtures is arranged on the top of rock sample, and by screw and rock sample location, promptly screw passes two end in contact of end plate and rock sample; End plate is provided with two pen type extensometers, and the lower end of a pen type extensometer contacts with the upper surface of the 3rd derby, and the lower end of another pen type extensometer contacts with the upper surface of the 4th derby; Above rock sample rock sample is applied repeatedly load, rock sample can deform when load each time, and two pen type extensometers detect the change in displacement of the point of applications, obtain point of application displacement.
Yet, end plate is by screw and rock sample location, to rock sample repeatedly during imposed load, deformation can take place in rock sample, because screw only makes end plate and rock sample location by contacting with the two ends of rock sample, and unfixing, so the relative position of end plate and rock sample can be moved when rock sample repeatedly is out of shape, thereby cause being arranged on the position instability of the pen type extensometer on the end plate, thereby reduced the accuracy of detection of point of application displacement.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of point of application displacement detector that is used for the rock fracture toughness test, to address the above problem.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
A kind of point of application displacement detector that is used for rock fracture toughness test comprises york piece, two displacement transducers and anchor clamps; Described anchor clamps comprise base, are arranged on first derby and second derby on the described base; Described york piece is provided with the 3rd derby and the 4th derby; A described displacement transducer is between described first derby and described the 3rd derby, and another described displacement transducer is between described second derby and described the 4th derby.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of the utility model embodiment is: this pick-up unit comprises york piece, two displacement transducers and anchor clamps, a described displacement transducer is between the 3rd derby that is provided with on described first derby and the described york piece, and another described displacement transducer is between the 4th derby that is provided with on described second derby and the described york piece.When rock sample is loaded, sensor between the displacement transducer between first derby and the 3rd derby and second derby and the 4th derby can be owing to the distortion of rock sample the change of occurrence positions, promptly help eliminating the influence of 3 curved test fixture malformations, thereby improved the accuracy of detection of point of application displacement point of application displacement detecting result.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of the point of application displacement detector that is used for rock fracture toughness test that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The structural representation of the anchor clamps that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The structural representation of the york piece that Fig. 3 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The detection method block diagram that Fig. 4 provides for the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
Also in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail below by specific embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, present embodiment provides a kind of point of application displacement detector that is used for rock fracture toughness test, comprises york piece 106, two displacement transducers 110 and anchor clamps 109; As shown in Figures 2 and 3, described anchor clamps 109 comprise base 601, are arranged on first derby 108 and second derby 605 on the described base 601; Described york piece 106 is provided with the 3rd derby 107 and the 4th derby 701; A described displacement transducer 110 is between the 3rd derby 107 that is provided with on described first derby 108 and the described york piece 106, and another described displacement transducer is between the 4th derby 701 that is provided with on described second derby 605 and the described york piece 106.
Particularly, when using this pick-up unit, york piece 106 is embedded in the V-type grooving of rock samples and fixing, regulate rock sample and make the upper surface of the 3rd derby 107 and the 4th derby 701 on same surface level; Described anchor clamps 109 are placed the below of rock sample, make first derby 108 be positioned at the below of the 3rd derby 107, second derby 605 is positioned at the below of the 4th derby 701; A described displacement transducer 110 is placed between the 3rd derby 107 that is provided with on described first derby 108 and the described york piece 106, another described displacement transducer places between the 4th derby 701 that is provided with on described second derby 605 and the described york piece 106 again; Above rock sample rock sample is applied repeatedly load, rock sample can deform when load each time, and two displacement transducers detect the change in displacement of the point of applications, obtain point of application displacement.And in test process, the position of displacement transducer can not change owing to the distortion of rock sample, promptly helps eliminating the influence of 3 curved test fixture malformations to point of application displacement detecting result, thereby has improved the accuracy of detection of point of application displacement.
Preferably, described base 109 comprise base plate 601 and with described base plate 601 first plate 607 connected vertically and second plates 602; Described first plate 607 is parallel with described second plate 602; Described first derby 108 is arranged on described first plate 607; Described second derby 605 is arranged on described second plate 602.Promptly first plate, second plate and base plate constitute U type structure.
Further, this pick-up unit also comprises first angle bar 501 and second angle bar 604; One side of described first angle bar 501 is connected with described first derby 108, and opposite side is connected with described first plate 607; One side of described second angle bar 604 is connected with described second derby 605, and opposite side is connected with described second plate 602.Certainly, described first derby 108 can also be connected by alternate manner with first plate 607, accordingly, also can be connected by alternate manner between described second derby 605 and second plate 602.
In order to make described first angle bar 501 adjust the position on described first plate 607 and make described second angle bar 604 adjust the position on described second plate 602, described first plate 607 is provided with first kidney slot 606; Described second plate 602 is provided with second kidney slot 603; Described first plate 607 passes described first kidney slot 606 by bolt and is connected with described first angle bar 501; Described second plate 602 passes described second kidney slot 603 by bolt and is connected with described second angle bar 604.
Preferably, the center line of described first kidney slot 606 and described second kidney slot 603 is all perpendicular to described base plate.When promptly these anchor clamps 109 placed on the level table, described first kidney slot 606 and described second kidney slot 603 all vertically were provided with.
Preferably, described displacement transducer is an extensometer.Particularly, described extensometer can be the pen type extensometer.Certainly, described extensometer also can be a folder formula extensometer.In addition, described sensor can install for other; Described extensometer also can be the extensometer of other type.
In addition, present embodiment also provides a kind of point of application displacement detecting method that uses above-mentioned detection device, as shown in Figure 4, comprises the steps:
201, york piece is embedded in the V-type grooving of rock sample and make the 3rd derby of york piece and the upper surface of the 4th derby in same surface level;
202, described anchor clamps are placed the below of rock sample, and make first derby be positioned at the below of described the 3rd derby, second derby is positioned at the below of described the 4th derby;
203, a displacement transducer is placed between described first derby and described the 3rd derby, another displacement transducer is placed between described second derby and described the 4th derby;
204, to the rock sample on-load pressure.
Preferably, use charger to the rock sample on-load pressure.Particularly, as shown in Figure 1, described charger comprises platform 101, is arranged on the bracing frame 102 on the platform and loads axle 105.When carrying out point of application displacement detecting, rock sample 103 is placed on the support frame as described above, make to load 105 pairs of rock sample 103 on-load pressures of axle, wherein loading position is positioned at V-type grooving 104 places of described rock sample 103.Described anchor clamps 109 are placed on the described platform 101, make a described displacement transducer between the 3rd derby 107 that is provided with on described first derby and the described york piece, another described displacement transducer is between the 4th derby 701 that is provided with on described second derby and the described york piece, and the inplace stability of sensor is good.
The above is a preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not limited to the utility model, and for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various changes and variation.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. be used for the point of application displacement detector of rock fracture toughness test, it is characterized in that, comprise york piece, two displacement transducers and anchor clamps;
Described anchor clamps comprise base, are arranged on first derby and second derby on the described base; Described york piece is provided with the 3rd derby and the 4th derby;
A described displacement transducer is between described first derby and described the 3rd derby, and another described displacement transducer is between described second derby and described the 4th derby.
2. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described base comprise base plate and with described base plate first plate connected vertically and second plate;
Described first plate is parallel with described second plate; Described first derby is arranged on described first plate; Described second derby is arranged on described second plate.
3. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, also comprises first angle bar and second angle bar;
One side of described first angle bar is connected with described first derby, and opposite side is connected with described first plate; One side of described second angle bar is connected with described second derby, and opposite side is connected with described second plate.
4. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described first plate is provided with first kidney slot; Described second plate is provided with second kidney slot;
Described first plate passes described first kidney slot by bolt and is connected with described first angle bar; Described second plate passes described second kidney slot by bolt and is connected with described second angle bar.
5. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, the center line of described first kidney slot and described second kidney slot is all perpendicular to described base plate.
6. as each described pick-up unit in the claim 1~5, it is characterized in that described displacement transducer is an extensometer.
7. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described extending counted the pen type extensometer.
8. pick-up unit as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described extending counted folder formula extensometer.
CN 201320102397 2013-03-06 2013-03-06 Force application point displacement detection device for testing rock fracture toughness Withdrawn - After Issue CN203101203U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320102397 CN203101203U (en) 2013-03-06 2013-03-06 Force application point displacement detection device for testing rock fracture toughness

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320102397 CN203101203U (en) 2013-03-06 2013-03-06 Force application point displacement detection device for testing rock fracture toughness

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN203101203U true CN203101203U (en) 2013-07-31

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103196759A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-07-10 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 Detection apparatus and detection method of displacement of force application point used for testing rock fracture toughness
CN105910766A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-31 泰州市永正救护装备有限公司 Dynamic waterproof performance detection method for fire extinguishing protection boot

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103196759A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-07-10 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 Detection apparatus and detection method of displacement of force application point used for testing rock fracture toughness
CN103196759B (en) * 2013-03-06 2015-02-25 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所 Detection apparatus and detection method of displacement of force application point used for testing rock fracture toughness
CN105910766A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-31 泰州市永正救护装备有限公司 Dynamic waterproof performance detection method for fire extinguishing protection boot

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