A kind of building block separates clamping and the separator that moves folder
The utility model relates to the concrete building block production equipment that building materials are made the field, and particularly a kind of building block separates clamping and the separator that moves folder.
In the air-entrained concrete building block production process, the base substrate that cuts is sticked together again through after steam-cured, must with instruments such as hammer crooked chisels its adhering layer be broken into two with one's hands by artificial, stacks on the batten base plate of ground by manually moving to then, stack and layering to interlock, wither and fall in case topple over.Building block separation equipment and building block folder be two equipment that separate, and equipment volume is huge in the prior art, floor space is big, and the aided process personnel are many, needs supporting with it auxiliary equipment many, labor strength is big, and the spent working time is long, inefficiency.In addition, equipment of the prior art also exists action not steady, and all around swing adds that operation is many, and positioning accuracy is low, building block breakage rate height, and this all is avoiding greatly of building block manufacturing enterprise.
The utility model content
This Given this, the technical problem that the utility model solved is for after providing a kind of building block to go out still, to the device that building block clamps and separates, this device can be automatically with building block while separating handling to stopping expecting station.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is realized by following technical scheme, this kind building block separates clamping and the separator that moves folder, whole mobile folder comprises walker, lift cylinder, Hydraulic Station, pulley assembly, promote crossbeam, last clamping device, lower fixture, separate oil cylinder, rotating-table apparatus, jig arm, the jig arm oil cylinder, wave cursor slide, two cover bascules, carriage and columns assemblies, it is characterized in that described Hydraulic Station is installed on the walker, Hydraulic Station is connected by hydraulic oil pipe and each oil cylinder, last clamping device is sleeved on the traveller that waves cursor slide, lower fixture is installed in the bottom of waving cursor slide, wave cursor slide and be hinged on the bottom of jig arm, the upper end of two jig arm connects by the jig arm oil cylinder, propping up of rotating-table apparatus and jig arm is point articulated, two cover bascules are installed in the both sides of rotating-table apparatus respectively, balancing pole one end of bascule and the power arm of jig arm are hinged, the pendulum plate of the other end and bascule is hinged, carriage, columns assemblies and rotating-table apparatus three interconnect, carriage is sleeved on and promotes on the crossbeam, last clamping device comprises train wheel bridge, the train wheel bridge seat, last clamping cylinder, the upper cylinder installing plate, the upper cylinder guide pillar, separate oil cylinder and separate sliding sleeve, described train wheel bridge is installed on the train wheel bridge seat, described train wheel bridge seat is connected with the upper cylinder guide pillar, described train wheel bridge seat with wave cursor slide and be connected; Lower fixture comprises lower plate, following oil cylinder seat, the lower plate seat, following clamping cylinder, following oil cylinder installing plate and following oil cylinder guide pillar, following clamping cylinder is installed in down in the oil cylinder seat, and described lower plate seat is connected with following oil cylinder guide pillar, described separation oil cylinder is installed in the centre of upper cylinder seat, and its push rod that separates oil cylinder withstands down the end face of oil cylinder seat.
Correspondence is provided with upper and lower clamping pressure head on described train wheel bridge seat and the lower plate seat, and upper and lower clamping pressure head can be inlayed into building block side when the clamping building block, produce bigger chucking power, is unlikely to building block and comes off when separating.Separating cylinder action can upwards push up the train wheel bridge seat, and the spacing between train wheel bridge and the lower plate is increased, thereby realizes the separation of levels building block.
After adopting such scheme, separate sliding sleeve by set up the separation oil cylinder in the lower end of jig arm with last clamping device, building block need not be adopted two equipment, separate in advance and then press from both sides the handling commentaries on classics, and need only just can clamp and lock out operation by the mobile folder of building block separation, the utility model lifting moving is very steady, and the building block percent defective descends greatly, save labour and time, improved production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: the utility model building block separates mobile clamping structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2: the side view of the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 3: the local amplification in A place clamps and the separator structural representation among the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 4: the structural representation of the rotating-table apparatus in the utility model;
Fig. 5: the structure vertical view of the rotating-table apparatus in the utility model;
Fig. 6: the structural representation of bascule in the utility model;
Fig. 7: the structure side view of bascule in the utility model;
Fig. 8: the structural representation of carriage in the utility model;
Fig. 9: the structure side view of carriage in the utility model.
Among the figure: 1, lower fixture 2, last clamping device 3, separate oil cylinder 4, wave cursor slide 5, rotary oil cylinder 6, jig arm 7, bascule 8, columns assemblies 9, carriage 10, jig arm oil cylinder 11, rotating-table apparatus 12, jig arm ships and resell on another market 13, last folder flange 14, under press from both sides flange 15, following clamping cylinder 16, following oil cylinder guide pillar 17, last clamping cylinder 18, reinforced pole 19, slide assemblies 20, promote crossbeam 21, balance flange 22, upper cylinder guide pillar 23, following oil cylinder seat 24, following oil cylinder installing plate 25, lower plate seat 26, under clamp pressure head 27, lower plate 28, upper cylinder installing plate 29, train wheel bridge seat 30, train wheel bridge 31, last clamping pressure head 32, separate sliding sleeve 33, upper cylinder seat 34, wave cursor slide and ship and resell on another market 35, following clamping flange 36, carriage outside plate 37, rotating disk transverse slat 38, rotating disk supporting plate 39, rotating disk connecting plate 40, the rotating disk stringer board
41, bearing inner race 42, radiation gusset 43, carriage inner panel 44, small column spur gear 45, motor mounting plate 46, column flange 47, big column spur gear 48, the jig arm fulcrum ships and resell on another market 49, base flange 50, right balancing pole 51, balance seat web 52, pendulum plate balancing plug 53, left side balancing pole 54, pendulum plate 55, centrepin 56, jig arm balancing plug 57, end connecting plate 58, side connecting plate 59, lower guide wheel shaft 60, directive wheel pressing plate 61, following directive wheel pressing plate 62, guide wheel track 63, guide wheel 64, side plate 65, short spacer 66, upper block axle 67, long spacer 68, pressing plate
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
Shown in Fig. 1～6, a kind of building block separates moves folder, whole mobile folder comprises walker, lift cylinder, Hydraulic Station, pulley assembly 19, promote crossbeam 20, last clamping device 2, lower fixture 1, separate oil cylinder 3, rotating-table apparatus 11, jig arm 6 is waved cursor slide 4, bascule 7, carriage 9 and columns assemblies 8, described Hydraulic Station is installed on the walker, and Hydraulic Station is connected with lift cylinder by hydraulic oil pipe, the lift cylinder pull bar promotes movable pulley and drives steel wire rope, traction enhancement crossbeam 20 is implemented to rise and descend, and carriage 9 is sleeved on and promotes on the crossbeam 20, and carriage 9 is installed on the bearing inner race 41 of rotating-table apparatus 11, electric rotating machine 5 small column spur gears 44 on the motor mounting plate 45 of described rotating-table apparatus 11 can drive big column spur gear 47 and rotate, thereby drive jig arm 6 rotations.Hydraulic Station by the last clamping cylinder 17 in hydraulic oil pipe and the last clamping device 2 with separate oil cylinder 3 and be connected, also be connected simultaneously with following folder oil cylinder 15 in the lower fixture 1.Described going up in the clamping device 2, the push rod of last clamping cylinder 17 is installed in the middle of upper cylinder seat 33 downward vertically, 17 levels of last clamping cylinder are installed in down the middle of oil cylinder installing plate 24, and down oil cylinder installing plate 24 is welded on down the U-shaped open interior of 2 23 of oil cylinders.Big column gear 47 in the rotating-table apparatus 11 links into an integrated entity with rotating disk supporting plate 38 and rotating disk connecting plate 39 usefulness bolts, then be welded on rotating disk transverse slat 37 and the rotating disk stringer board 40 around the rotating disk supporting plate 38, described jig arm 6 fulcrums and carriage outside plate 36 and carriage inner panel 43 are hinged.Small column spur gear 44 on electric rotating machine 5 output shafts drives big column spur gear 47.
Pendulum plate 54 in the bascule 7 is installed in the upper end of balance seat web 51, and balance seat web 51 is welded on the base flange 49, and base flange 49 and motor mounting plate 45 usefulness bolts link into an integrated entity.One end of described left and right sides balancing pole 50,53 is hinged with the far point of pendulum plate 54, the other end and jig arm 6 are hinged, stretching of described jig arm oil cylinder 10 piston rods, realize that left and right sides balancing pole 50,53 pushes away drawing and swing plate 54 and swings around centrepin 55 both forward and reverse directions, two jig arm 6 are clamped and when unclamping, realize respectively that synchronously Hydraulic Station is connected with sliding oil cylinder in the carriage 9 by hydraulic oil pipe.Carriage 9 is sleeved on and promotes on the crossbeam 20, and in the carriage 9, described upper block is installed on the upper block axle 67, and lower tumbler 61 is installed on the lower guide wheel shaft 59, and two blocks of side plates 64 are installed in the two ends of upper block axle 67 and lower guide wheel shaft 59.Described track 62 is welded on last plane and the lower plane that promotes crossbeam 20 respectively, and upper block 69 and lower tumbler 61 slide on track 62 respectively.Described side connecting plate 58 is welded on the bottom of biside plate 64, side connecting plate 58 and end connecting plate 57 and columns assemblies 8, and these three are connected in one with bolt, are promoted to implement to come and go on lifting crossbeam 20 to slide by sliding oil cylinder.Described side guide wheel 63 is installed on the side plate 64 on both sides, implements to compress with the axle head of guide wheel pressing plate 60 offside guide wheels 63.Last lower tumbler and side guide wheel 63 are implemented guiding to carriage 9.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
1), this equipment provides power by Hydraulic Station, Hydraulic Station is installed on the walker of equipment top.Equipment rises and descends, slidably reciprocate promoting on the crossbeam, jig arm separately and close up, the clamping of last clamping device and unclamping, and the separation and the return of separation oil cylinder, the clamping of lower fixture and unclamp etc. is all finished by hydraulic jack.The noiselessness that operates steadily, net synchronization capability is good.
2), this equipment is to through the air-entrained concrete building block of still kettle after steam-cured, after successively separating, the lifting translation, rotation stacks, the warehouse for finished product that runs to appointment is then deposited.
The course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
1), connects power supply, startup hydraulic pump motor, Hydraulic Station work.
2), the operating pressure of hydraulic system is set and is regulated by overflow valve, the definite of pressure size is as the criterion with the requirement of satisfying operating mode, and the operating pressure maximum of hydraulic system must not surpass 16MPa, after the oil pressure adjustment finishes, closing presure table switch is to prolong Pressure gauge service life.
3), press the button of walking about walker, walker moves the arrival separation station.
4), start automatic running program: press locking button → hoisting frame and descend, last lower plate center line to the jig arm lower end closes up with the most following two-layer building block bonding plane coincidence place → jig arm lower end → and clamping cylinder clamps → separates top under the oil cylinder piston simultaneously up and down, last clamping device is up, building block separates → go up the clamping cylinder of clamping device whereabouts return → up and down unclamps simultaneously → and jig arm unclamps → promotes crossbeam and rise a building block highly, repeat above action, 5 bonding planes until 6 layers of building block, all separated → jig arm is unclamped → is promoted initial position → jig arm that crossbeam drops to separation and closes up whole lifting of clamping → building block and move to folded brickwork position → liftings crossbeam decline from bottom to top, bottom building block to folded brick bunk → jig arm is unclamped, building block integral body is carried on the wooden planker-→ promote the crossbeam building block height → jig arm clamping → lifting crossbeam rising of rising, rotating disk revolves and turn 90 degrees → promote crossbeam decline, unclamp jig arm, with second layer building block interfolded on ground floor, so repeatedly, until 6 layers of building block all folded → equipment returns separation station.
The above only is the utility model preferred embodiment, be not that the utility model is done any type of restriction, any personnel that are familiar with this technology, may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified to the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations, every content that does not break away from the technical program, rely on present technique essence to any simple modification that above embodiment did, equivalent variations and modification all still belong in the scope of the present utility model.