CN202853021U - Buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit - Google Patents

Buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202853021U
CN202853021U CN 201220510555 CN201220510555U CN202853021U CN 202853021 U CN202853021 U CN 202853021U CN 201220510555 CN201220510555 CN 201220510555 CN 201220510555 U CN201220510555 U CN 201220510555U CN 202853021 U CN202853021 U CN 202853021U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
air
cooler
air conditioning
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220510555
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄翔
郝航
张鑫
邱佳
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN 201220510555 priority Critical patent/CN202853021U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps

Abstract

The utility model discloses a buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit which comprises a unit housing, wherein an air inlet is formed in one side wall of the unit housing, a primary filter, a high temperature air cooler, a tubular indirect evaporative cooler, a direct evaporative cooler, a water fender and a fan with an air supply pipe are sequentially arranged in the unit housing in the air inlet direction, a water inlet of the high temperature air cooler is connected with a water outlet tube of a buried tube bundle, and a water outlet of the high temperature air cooler is connected with a water inlet tube of the buried tube bundle. The three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit can not only effectively use underground natural resources and save consumed energy, but also meet needs of various air-conditioned environments; and the application scope is wide.

Description

Indirect, the direct three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of underground pipe and tubular type
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the operation of air conditioning systems technical field, is specifically related to a kind of three grades of Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning units that are composited by buried tube bank, high temperature air cooler, tube type indirect evaporative cooler and direct evaporative cooler.
Background technology
Along with the further investigation of domestic and international many scholars to the Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning technology, the Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning technology is combined with technology such as mechanical refrigeration, dehumidifying technology, radiation coolings (warming up), can make Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning obtain using more widely.
Meanwhile, ground source heat pump technology drives to maturity stage, thinking is expanded to underground pipe precooled air (water) from ground source heat pump technology, in conjunction with the superior geographical conditions of China, underground energy is very abundant as a kind of regenerative resource, underground pipe precooled air (water) is combined with the Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning technology, for certain contribution is made in the energy-saving and emission-reduction of China.
The install pipeline of buried tube bank utilizes cool warm natural resources of winter of underground summer below the frozen soil layer of ground, summer is as low-temperature receiver, both can pass into air as thermal source winter, is used for precooling (preheating) air, also can pass into recirculated water, precooling (preheating) enters aerial cooler afterwards.Based on this thinking, a kind of underground pipe precooling (preheating) and tubular indirect evaporative cooling, the direct compound three grades of Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning units of evaporative cooling are proposed, this air-conditioning unit is the integrated of two kinds of technology, certain using value is arranged in actual applications, underground pipe precooling (preheating) combines with the Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning technology, so that energy-saving effect seems more outstanding.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of underground pipe and indirect, the direct three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of tubular type, not only effectively utilizes underground natural energy resource, has saved energy consumption, can also satisfy the demand of different air conditioner surroundings, and is applied widely.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is, underground pipe and tubular type are indirect, direct three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units, include machine unit shell, be provided with air inlet on machine unit shell one sidewall, be disposed with roughing efficiency air filter by the air intake direction in the machine unit shell, the high temperature air cooler, tube type indirect evaporative cooler, direct evaporative cooler, water fender and with the pressure fan of ajutage, also comprise and be arranged at the following buried tube bank of frozen soil layer, advancing of high temperature air cooler, delivery port respectively with the going out of buried tube bank, water inlet pipe is connected, and also is provided with valve c and water pump c on the pipeline that high temperature air cooler water inlet is connected.
Characteristics of the present utility model also are,
The structure of tube type indirect evaporative cooler is: include set of heat exchange tubes, the top of set of heat exchange tubes is disposed with water-locator, water fender and overfire air fan, the bottom of set of heat exchange tubes is provided with water tank b, and water tank b is connected with water-locator by feed pipe, also is provided with valve b and water pump b on the feed pipe.
The structure of direct evaporative cooler is: include filler, the top of filler is provided with water-locator, and the bottom of filler is provided with water tank a, and water tank a is connected with water-locator by water pipe, also is provided with valve a and water pump a on the water pipe.
Buried tube bank is Horizontal U-shaped coil pipe or double-U-shaped coil pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are,
1) this Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning unit is used buried tube bank and is processed the pipeline inner cold water in conjunction with underground natural energy resource, is connected to the high temperature air cooler to process air again, uses cooling circulating water in summer, the new wind of precooling; Use in the winter time underground pipe warm-up cycle water, water temperature raises, the further new wind of preheating.
2) this Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning unit is in the alternative difference in functionality section of opening of different regions Various Seasonal, and the method for operation arranges flexibly, and be that air cooling-down is processed summer, and can process winter to air preheat, to satisfy the demand of air conditioner surroundings.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of the utility model.
Among the figure, 1. air inlet, 2. roughing efficiency air filter, 3. high temperature air cooler, 4. tube type indirect evaporative cooler, 5. overfire air fan, 6. direct evaporative cooler, 7. water fender, 8. pressure fan, 9. ajutage, 10. valve a, 11. water pump a, 12. water tank a, 13. valve b, 14. water pump b, 15. water tank b, 16. valve c, 17. water pump c, 18. buried tube banks.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is elaborated.
Indirect, the direct three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of the utility model underground pipe and tubular type, its structure as shown in Figure 1, include machine unit shell, be provided with air inlet 1 on machine unit shell one sidewall, be disposed with roughing efficiency air filter 2, high temperature air cooler 3, tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4, direct evaporative cooler 6, water fender 7 by the air intake direction in the machine unit shell and with the pressure fan 8 of ajutage 9.Also comprise being arranged at the following buried tube bank 18 of frozen soil layer, the entery and delivery port of high temperature air cooler 3 is connected with the going out of buried tube bank 18, water inlet pipe respectively, and on the pipeline that high temperature air cooler 3 water inlets are connected valve c16 and water pump c17 is set also.
The structure of tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4 is: include set of heat exchange tubes, the top of set of heat exchange tubes is disposed with water-locator, water fender and overfire air fan 5, the bottom of set of heat exchange tubes is provided with water tank b15, water tank b15 is connected with water-locator by feed pipe, also is provided with valve b13, water pump b14 on the feed pipe.
The structure of direct evaporative cooler 6 is: include filler, the top of filler is provided with water-locator, and the bottom of filler is provided with water tank a12, and water tank a12 is connected with water-locator by water pipe, also is provided with valve a10, water pump a11 on the water pipe.
Buried tube bank 18 is Horizontal U-shaped coil pipe or double-U-shaped coil pipe.
High temperature air cooler 3 is set in the machine unit shell of the present utility model, and its cold (heat) source all comes from buried tube bank 18, belongs to ground source heat pump technology, can realize precooling in summer, preheating in winter.Wherein the water-in and water-out pipeline of buried tube bank 18 is under the effect of water pump c17, and recirculated water passes in the high temperature air cooler 3 new wind is processed; Tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4 auxiliary airs adopt outdoor air, pass through outside heat exchange tube under the effect of overfire air fan 5, discharge unit.
The course of work of three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of the utility model water system:
When moving this Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning unit work, Open valve a 10, water pump a 11, valve b 13, water pump b 14, valve c 16, water pump c 17, water system are divided into the operation of three parts:
1) cold (heat) water is by water pump c 17 in this air-conditioning unit underground pipe bundle 18, and valve c16 enters into high temperature air cooler 3, repetitive cycling;
2) in the air-conditioning unit in the tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4 water outlet among the water tank b15 be connected to water-locator by water pump b 14, valve b13, trickle outside heat exchange tube carries out getting back among the water tank b15 repetitive cycling after the wet exchange of heat with auxiliary air;
3) water outlet among the water tank a12 is connected to water-locator by water pump a 11, valve a10 in the direct evaporative cooler 6 in the air-conditioning unit, carry out the wet exchange of heat with the air of processing through the two-stage indirect evaporation cooler, shower water is got back among the water tank a12, repetitive cycling.
The wind system course of work of three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of the utility model:
When summer operation:
Outdoor new wind enters from air inlet 1, filters by 2 pairs of outdoor new wind of roughing efficiency air filter first, and then by high temperature air cooler 3, processing procedure such as is at the clammy but cooling; The air of processing from high temperature air cooler 3 enters into that the heat exchanger tube of tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4 is medium clammyly but to be processed, and the outer auxiliary air of pipe with the wet exchange of Sprayer Circulation hydro-thermal after drained into outside the unit by overfire air fan 5; The primary air of process tube type indirect evaporative cooler 4 is then because the third level that the effect of pressure fan 8 arrives in this air-conditioning unit is direct evaporative cooler 6, carry out the wet exchange of heat with the recirculated water among the water tank a12, processing procedure is the constant enthalpy cooling, finally arrives the air-conditioned room air outlet by pressure fan 8 through ajutage 9 and blows.
When moving in the winter time:
What provide thermal source for high temperature air cooler 3 also is buried tube bank 18, utilize winter underground thermal source to make that water temperature raises in the pipe, be connected to 3 pairs of outdoor fresh air preheatings of high temperature air cooler, tube type indirect evaporative cooler can be closed for 4 winters, if air-conditioned room relative humidity is larger, then direct evaporative cooler 6 is not opened, and directly the new wind of preheating is sent into air-conditioned room by pressure fan 8; If the less humidification that needs of air-conditioned room relative humidity, then direct evaporative cooler 6 is opened, and sends into air-conditioned room by the new wind that pressure fan 8 will be processed.
Three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units of the present utility model, adopt the two-stage indirect evaporation cooler to add the one-level direct evaporative cooler, wherein the first order uses the high temperature air cooler that new wind is carried out precooling treatment, its low-temperature receiver is to come from the ducted cold water of underground pipe, buried tube bank 18 arranges below frozen soil layer, adopts Horizontal U-shaped coil arrangement or double-U-shaped coil arrangement.The ducted cold water of underground pipe is processed with a kind of naturally cold (heat) source form in underground cold (heat) source.Water temperature reduces (rising) under the effect of underground low-temperature receiver, clammy but (heating) processes such as processing procedure is, such setting and high temperature air cooler phase configuration, more general high temperature air cooler external cold (heat) source, the advantage of its energy-saving effect embodies to some extent.

Claims (4)

1. underground pipe and tubular type are indirect, direct three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units, it is characterized in that, include machine unit shell, be provided with air inlet (1) on described machine unit shell one sidewall, be disposed with roughing efficiency air filter (2) by the air intake direction in the described machine unit shell, high temperature air cooler (3), tube type indirect evaporative cooler (4), direct evaporative cooler (6), water fender (7) and with the pressure fan (8) of ajutage (9), also comprise and be arranged at the following buried tube bank (18) of frozen soil layer, advancing of described high temperature air cooler (3), delivery port respectively with the going out of buried tube bank (18), water inlet pipe is connected, and also is provided with valve c(16 on described and the pipeline that high temperature air cooler (3) water inlet is connected) and water pump c(17).
2. three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the structure of described tube type indirect evaporative cooler (4) is: include set of heat exchange tubes, the top of set of heat exchange tubes is disposed with water-locator, water fender and overfire air fan (5), the bottom of set of heat exchange tubes is provided with water tank b(15), described water tank b(15) be connected with water-locator by feed pipe, also be provided with valve b(13 on the described feed pipe) and water pump b(14).
3. three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the structure of described direct evaporative cooler (6) is: include filler, the top of described filler is provided with water-locator, the bottom of described filler is provided with water tank a(12), described water tank a(12) be connected with water-locator by water pipe, also be provided with valve a(10 on the described water pipe) and water pump a(11).
4. three grades of composite evaporation cooling air conditioning units according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described buried tube bank (18) is Horizontal U-shaped coil pipe or double-U-shaped coil pipe.
CN 201220510555 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit Expired - Fee Related CN202853021U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220510555 CN202853021U (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220510555 CN202853021U (en) 2012-09-27 2012-09-27 Buried tube and tubular indirect and direct three-stage composite type evaporative cooling air conditioning unit

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103900177A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-07-02 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system with power provided based on wind-solar hybrid power generation
CN105020806A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-04 滨州市绿泉空调设备厂 Micro air flue household type geothermal energy central air conditioner
CN105042737A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-11 东华大学 Air conditioner device adopting combination of finned tubes and direct evaporation technology
CN105757850A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-07-13 西安工程大学 Indirect-direct compound evaporative cooling air conditioning unit with multilayer spray type plate pipes
CN107560035A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 西安工程大学 External screw thread standpipe dew point indirect evaporative cooling air processor group based on ground source
CN107560038A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-09 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air conditioning machine group based on air through tunnel and vertical plate heat exchanger
CN109990413A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-09 西安工程大学 A kind of air-conditioner set of gravity assisted heat pipe in conjunction with dew point indirect evaporative cooler
CN110749004A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-02-04 湖南工程学院 Fresh air multi-stage processing system for coupling energy storage of soil and phase-change material and operation method

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103900177A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-07-02 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system with power provided based on wind-solar hybrid power generation
CN103900177B (en) * 2014-03-13 2016-08-24 西安工程大学 The Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of power is provided based on wind light mutual complementing power generation
CN105042737A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-11-11 东华大学 Air conditioner device adopting combination of finned tubes and direct evaporation technology
CN105042737B (en) * 2015-06-25 2018-08-03 东华大学 A kind of air conditioner combined with direct evaporation technique using finned tube
CN105020806A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-11-04 滨州市绿泉空调设备厂 Micro air flue household type geothermal energy central air conditioner
CN105020806B (en) * 2015-08-18 2018-01-19 滨州市绿泉空调设备厂 Miniature air channel family formula can central air-conditioning
CN105757850A (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-07-13 西安工程大学 Indirect-direct compound evaporative cooling air conditioning unit with multilayer spray type plate pipes
CN105757850B (en) * 2016-03-18 2018-10-02 西安工程大学 Multilayer spraying formula plate pipe indirect-direct composite evaporation cooling air conditioning unit
CN107560035A (en) * 2017-08-23 2018-01-09 西安工程大学 External screw thread standpipe dew point indirect evaporative cooling air processor group based on ground source
CN107560038A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-01-09 西安工程大学 Evaporative cooling air conditioning machine group based on air through tunnel and vertical plate heat exchanger
CN109990413A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-07-09 西安工程大学 A kind of air-conditioner set of gravity assisted heat pipe in conjunction with dew point indirect evaporative cooler
CN109990413B (en) * 2019-03-01 2021-05-04 西安工程大学 Air conditioning unit with combination of gravity heat pipe and dew point indirect evaporative cooler
CN110749004A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-02-04 湖南工程学院 Fresh air multi-stage processing system for coupling energy storage of soil and phase-change material and operation method
CN110749004B (en) * 2019-09-19 2021-07-20 湖南工程学院 Fresh air multi-stage processing system for coupling energy storage of soil and phase-change material and operation method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130403

Termination date: 20130927

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