CN202801773U - One-way double-track combined type external skeletal fixing device - Google Patents

One-way double-track combined type external skeletal fixing device Download PDF

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CN202801773U
CN202801773U CN 201220267256 CN201220267256U CN202801773U CN 202801773 U CN202801773 U CN 202801773U CN 201220267256 CN201220267256 CN 201220267256 CN 201220267256 U CN201220267256 U CN 201220267256U CN 202801773 U CN202801773 U CN 202801773U
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bone
spicules
clamp
needle
shaped
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CN 201220267256
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Chinese (zh)
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汤福刚
李云峰
汤秀峰
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汤福刚
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Abstract

A one-way double-track combined type external skeletal fixing device comprises a flat rotation bone needle clamp, an L-shaped bone needle clamp, a main guide rail, guide rail nuts, a movable bone needle clamp, a pedal correcting bracket, a metatarsal bone needle adjusting mechanism, a calcaneum bone needle adjusting mechanism, an adjusting pad, a rotating shaft screw, an auxiliary supporting mechanism and bone needles, wherein the flat rotation bone needle clamp (the L-shaped bone needle clamp) is connected with the main guide rail through the rotating shaft screw; the guide rail nuts are respectively screwed on two sides of the movable bone needle clamp on the main guide rail; the pedal correcting bracket is clamped on the main guide rail in place; the metatarsal bone needle adjusting mechanism, as well as the calcaneum bone needle adjusting mechanism, is respectively clamped on a small guide rail and the main guide rail at the corresponding positions; the auxiliary supporting mechanism is clamped on the main guide rail; and the flat rotation bone needle clamp, the L-shaped bone needle clamp and the movable bone needle clamp together clamp the main body of the external skeletal fixing device formed by the bone needles. The device provided by the utility model can be used for external bone fixing, bone extension, bone removal, pedal correction, and correction of O-shaped, X-shaped and K-shaped legs.

Description

单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置 Unilateral-track combined external fixation device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及骨科领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of orthopedics. 尤其涉及一种单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置。 In particular, it relates to a twin-track combined external fixation device of the unilateral.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以往长骨骨折或因骨不连、骨髓炎造成骨缺损等病症多采用手术内固定。 [0002] by a conventional long bone fractures or nonunion, bone defects and other disorders osteomyelitis caused by multiple internal fixation employed. 即便采用外固定,现有器械要么因调整范围不能达到一次性完全治愈的目的,则还要进行再次手术;要么因结构不到位,不能一次解决一个患者同时存在的两个或几个上述病症而要几次手术修整;对于因种种原因造成垂足或足内翻的患者以往都采用软组织松解的手术方法来完成;对于复杂的病患者,譬如垂足的同时还伴随有大段斑痕和软组织挛缩的患者,医生只能采取几次松解手术来完成,往往由于因二次创伤,手术松解后靠锻炼恢复正常很困难,一旦恢复不理想还要造成再次创伤和畸形。 Even with external fixation, due to the adjustment range of the conventional instrument or object can not achieve complete cure of the disposable, it is also reoperation; or because the structure is not in place, the patient does not solve one or several simultaneously present two above-described conditions to trim several operations; for patients due to various reasons pedal or varus foot in the past have adopted surgical soft tissue release to complete; for complex patients, such as the pedal is also accompanied by a large section scar and soft tissue contracture patients, doctors can only take a few release surgery is done, often due to due to secondary trauma, surgical release it difficult to rely on the normal exercise recovery, once the recovery is not ideal but also cause deformities and trauma again. 本发明人申报的专利“微创垂足、足内翻矫正的骨外固定装置”不做松解等手术只通过微创的外固定很好解决了上述各种病患的治疗和矫正,但是需要在患者长骨上穿透针,有时很不方便,还要考虑避开神经、血管,尤其对股骨位置的骨折、骨缺损的患者使用起来比较不理想。 The present invention is declared patent "minimally invasive pedal, external skeletal fixation device varus correction" is not only the fixing release operation like a good solution for the treatment and correction of the above patients outside through a minimally invasive, but need to penetrate the patient long bone needles, sometimes inconvenient, but also consider avoiding the nerves, blood vessels, especially fractures of the femur position, the patient's bone defect to use less desirable. 如今常用的IIizarof外固定架在股骨、上臂肱骨等部位使用时都很不方便,患者也很不舒服。 Now to the usual IIizarof holder is very inconvenient during the femur, humerus in the upper arm and other parts of use, the patient very uncomfortable.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 由于骨外固定、骨不连、骨缺损甚至垂足、足内翻这些病症,采用手术内固定及手术松解等方法使患者痛苦大、经济损失严重,尤其象垂足采用松解的方法极易造成二次损伤。 [0003] Since the external skeletal fixation, nonunion, bone defects even pedal, the foot turned these conditions, the use of internal fixation and release surgical method such as a patient great pain, serious economic losses, in particular as employed pedal release the method can easily cause secondary damage. 现有的外固定器械又难以满足如股骨、肱骨等部位治疗的需求,其调整范围又很不理想。 Conventional external fixation devices such as the femur and difficult to meet the demand, humerus treating a site, the adjustment range and far from ideal. 为了解决现有对上述病症的治疗器械的技术上的不足,更有效的适用多种病症的治疗和矫正,本实用新型提供一种结构简单、操作方便、调节灵活、固定牢靠、可随机拆装组合来适用于不同症状、不同部位的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置。 In order to solve the conventional technical therapy device of the above-described conditions is insufficient, more effective and suitable for treatment of various disorders of the correction, the present invention provides a simple structure, easy operation, and flexible adjustment, firmly fixed, removable random for different combinations of symptoms, unilateral external bone fixation device-track combination of different parts.

[0004] 本实用新型为解决其技术难题所采用的技术方案是由平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹、垂足矫正支架、跖骨骨针调整机构、跟骨骨针调整机构、调整垫、转轴螺钉、辅助支撑机构和骨针组成。 [0004] The technical solution of the present invention to solve the technical problems which are employed rotated by flat bone needle clamp, L bone needle clamp, the primary rail, the rail nut, bone needle clamp movement, pedal bracket correction, the adjustment mechanism metatarsal bone pins calcaneal bone needle adjustment mechanism, to adjust the pad, the screw shaft, and a supplemental support mechanism composed of spicules. 平转动骨针夹(或L骨针夹)用转轴螺钉与主导轨相连,导轨螺母分别拧在主导轨上且置于穿装在主导轨上的移动骨针夹的两侧,垂足矫正支架夹持在主导轨的适当位置,跖骨骨针调整机构分别夹持在垂足矫正支架的小导轨及主导轨的相应位置,跟骨骨针调整机构也分别夹持在垂足矫正支架的小导轨及主导轨的相应位置,辅助支撑机构夹固在主导轨上,平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹及移动骨针夹夹持着骨针组成本发明的主体,调整垫在需要调节的时候,放在平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹及移动骨针夹夹持着的骨针的一侧。 Rotation of the needle clamp flat bone (bone needle clamp or L) connected by screws to the main shaft rail which nuts are screwed on the main rail and disposed on both sides through the mobile spicules mounted on the primary rail clip, corrected pedal bracket holding in place of the primary rail, the adjustment mechanism metatarsal bone pins are held in the respective position of the small foot of the rail and the main rail straightening bracket, calcaneus bone needle holder adjusting means respectively the rail foot of a small correction bracket and the respective positions of the primary rail, the auxiliary support mechanism clamped on the main rail, flat bone needle clamp rotation, L of bone spicules move the needle clamp and the clamp holder body spicules composition of the present invention, the adjustment pads needs to be adjusted when , rotated on a flat bone needle clamp, clip side L and the moving bone spicules needle clamp holder with bone needle.

[0005] 平转动骨针夹由固定螺钉、转动骨针夹压盖、转动骨针夹体组成。 [0005] It is rotated by a fixing screw clamp bone pins, bone needle clamp gland rotation, rotation of the clip body spicules composition. 转动骨针夹压盖为矩形片状件,上方钻四个通孔,侧下方开有三个V型槽口。 Bone needle clamp gland is rotated rectangular sheet member, the top four through holes drilled, the lower side has three V-shaped notches open. 转动骨针夹体也为矩形片状件,上方设计有四个螺纹孔与转动骨针夹压盖的四个通孔相对应,以便用固定螺钉相连接组合,其侧上方开有三个V型槽口与转动骨针夹压盖上的V型槽口相对应,组合后用以牢固夹持相应的骨针。 Rotation of the collet is also spicules rectangular sheet member, the top four threaded holes designed with the needle clamp and the bone rotation gland four through holes corresponding to the connection combination of a fixing screw with which the upper side has three V-shaped opening rotation of the needle clamp and the bone notches V-shaped notch corresponding to the gland, the composition held firmly to respective bone pins.

[0006] L骨针夹设计成L型由固紧螺钉、L骨针夹体、L骨针夹盖组成。 [0006] L spicules designed L-shaped clip secured by a screw, L clip body spicules, L spicules composed of the grip cover. L骨针夹盖也是一矩形片状件上方中间位置开有四个通孔,侧上方设计两个V型槽口。 L spicules a rectangular sheet is sandwiched cover member is opened intermediate position above four through holes, two V-shaped design of the upper side notches. L骨针夹体为L型件,L型的短边侧面钻一通孔用以穿入骨针,顶边设计一螺纹孔穿入固紧螺钉,以便压固穿入孔中的骨针,L型的长边下侧方与L骨针夹盖开的V型槽口相对应的位置也开两个V型槽口,以便在组合时夹持骨针,其长边与L骨针夹盖上四个通孔相对应的位置设计了四个螺纹孔,以便用固紧螺钉将L骨针夹体和L骨针夹盖组合为一体。 L spicules L-shaped collet member, L-shaped side surface of the short side of a through hole drilled through the bone needle for the top edge designed to penetrate a threaded hole fastening screws, so as to press the solid bone needle penetration holes, L-shaped a long side and the lower side of the grip cover spicules L-apart V-shaped notches corresponding to the open position of the two V-shaped notches can, for clamping a bone pin, when combined, the long sides of the cover clamp L spicules four through holes at positions corresponding to the four threaded holes designed for fastening screws with L and L spicules clip body spicules of the grip cover integrally combined.

[0007] 移动骨针夹由压盖螺钉、移动骨针夹盖、移动骨针夹体、移动骨针夹座、销轴、调角螺钉组成。 [0007] The movement of the needle clamp gland bone screws, bone pins move the grip cover, the clip body spicules mobile, mobile spicules clip mount, pin, reclining and screws. 用压盖螺钉将移动骨针夹盖与移动骨针夹体连接在一起,移动骨针夹座与移动骨针夹体用销轴组合呈铰链连接形式,调角螺钉拧入移动骨针夹座上。 Moving the bone with a screw lid cap connected to the needle clamp movement bone needle clamp body moves the needle clamp holder with a mobile bone spicules hinged clip body was in the form of compositions by pins, screws are screwed into reclining movement spicules Clamp on. 移动骨针夹盖是一个矩形片状件,上方开有两个通孔,下侧方设计有三个V型槽口。 Spicules move the grip cover is a rectangular sheet member, two through holes open upward, the lower side is designed with three V-shaped notches. 移动骨针夹体是一个稍厚的矩形片状件,上方中线与移动骨针夹盖的两个通孔相对应处设计有两个螺纹孔,以便穿入压盖螺钉,将移动骨针夹盖和移动骨针夹体相连接,上侧方与移动骨针夹盖的相对应处设计有三个V型槽口,用以组合后夹持骨针,其下方中部设计一个突出的耳片,耳片上钻一通孔用以穿入销轴,以便与移动骨针夹座配合形成铰链组合。 Moving the clip body spicules is a thicker rectangular sheet member, two through-holes above the centerline of the grip cover with the mobile spicules of the design of the corresponding two threaded holes to penetrate the gland screws, bone pins to move the clamp moving the needle cap and the clip body is connected to the bone, and the upper side of the grip cover spicules movement corresponding to the V-shaped design with three notches for gripping the bone pins combination thereof designed a central downward protruding tab, tab drill penetrates a through hole for the pin, so as to move the bone with the needle clamp holder formed with a combination of a hinge. 移动骨针夹座为长方体件,上面中间与移动骨针夹体的下方中部的耳片相对应处开一相配合槽口,侧方钻一通孔用以组合时穿入销轴,槽口两边设计两个螺纹孔,可拧入调角螺钉,短边一侧钻两个大通孔,以便将移动骨针夹穿装在主导轨上。 Mobile seat cuboid bone needle clamp member, the intermediate and upper moving spicules middle ear clip member downward at a position corresponding to open a cooperating slot, the side drilled with a through hole penetrating pin when used in combination, both sides of the slot design of two threaded holes, may be screwed into the angle adjustment screws, two short sides Chase drilled holes, in order to move through the bone needle clamp mounted on the primary rail.

[0008] 垂足矫正支架夹紧螺杆、弓形架、夹块、螺母、小导轨组成。 [0008] clamping screw pedal bracket correction, bow, clamp block, nuts, small rails composition. 用夹紧螺杆与螺母将弓形架与夹块组装在一起夹持着小导轨,弓形架的另一侧用夹持的方法与主导轨连接。 With the clamping screw and the clamping nut assembled with a small bow rail and clamp block, the other side of the clamping bow is connected with the primary rail way. 弓形架是一个槽型型材弯成U型两边内侧开一V型槽口侧方钻一通孔以便与夹块用夹紧螺杆与螺母相组合。 Bow is bent inside a U-shaped profile groove on both sides of a V-shaped notch open side drilled with a through hole for the clamping screw and the nut and the clamping block in combination. 夹块是一个相应长的型材件,侧边开一个V型槽口与弓形架的V型槽口相对应,相应的侧边也设计一通孔与弓形架的通孔相对应。 A clamp block is correspondingly long profile member, open-sided V-shaped notch with a V-shaped notch corresponding to the bow, of the respective side through-hole is also designed with a through-hole corresponding to the bow.

[0009] 跖骨骨针调整机构由螺钉、压块、立柱、转动块、调节螺母、跖骨骨针拉力杆、骨针压钉、可转螺钉组成。 [0009] The adjusting mechanism comprises a needle metatarsal bone screws, clamps, posts, blocks rotation of the adjusting nut, tension bars metatarsal bone pins, bone nails acupressure, and screws can be transferred. 压块与立柱用螺钉相连,转动块用可转螺钉联在立柱上,跖骨骨针拉力杆穿装在转动块上,两边拧上调节螺母,骨针压钉拧在跖骨骨针拉力杆的端头。 Compact screw connected with the column, block rotatably associated with a screw rotatable in the column, through the tension bars metatarsal bone pins mounted on a rotary block, on both sides of the adjusting nut is screwed, the threaded pressure screw spicules metatarsal bone needle end of tension bars head. 压块是一个长方体件,一侧设计有两个通孔,中间侧边开一V型槽口。 Is a compact rectangular parallelepiped member, is designed with two side through-holes, a V-shaped intermediate open-sided slot. 立柱也是一个长方体件,侧方开有两个螺纹孔与压块的通孔相对应,上方开一通孔,与压块相应的位置也开一V型槽口。 Column is a rectangular member, the side opening has two screw holes and the through holes corresponding to the compact, the upper opening a through hole corresponding to the open position is also a compact V-shaped notch. 转动块的一侧钻一通孔,其侧边设计一螺纹孔。 A rotatable block side of the drill hole through which a threaded bore side design. 跖骨骨针拉力杆是一个一端为较粗的圆柱,另一端为螺纹的杆件,圆柱段钻一通孔,以便跖骨骨针穿入,其端头中心设计一螺纹孔,以便能让骨针压钉拧入。 Metatarsal bone needle a tension pole is an end of a cylindrical rod member, the other end of the coarse threaded, cylindrical section through a drilled hole so that the needle penetration metatarsal bone, the center of its ends a threaded hole designed to allow the bone acupressure screwed into the nail.

[0010] 跟骨骨针调整机构得结构与遮骨骨针调整机构的结构相似,只是尺寸有些差异,它由螺钉、压块、立柱、转动块、调节螺母、跟骨骨针拉力杆、骨针压钉、可转螺钉组成。 [0010] Bone mineral adjusting mechanism pin have a similar structure to the bone structure of the needle cover adjusting mechanism, but some differences in size, consisting of screws, clamps, posts, blocks rotation of the adjusting nut, tension bars calcaneus bone pins, bone acupressure staples, and screws can be transferred. 压块与立柱用螺钉相连,转动块用可转螺钉联在立柱上,跟骨骨针拉力杆穿装在转动块上,两边拧上调节螺母,骨针压钉拧在跟骨骨针拉力杆的端头。 Compact screw connected with the column, block rotatably associated with a screw rotatable in the column, through the tension bars calcaneus bone pins mounted on a rotary block, on both sides of the adjusting nut is screwed, spicules pressure screw screwed into the needle calcaneus tension bars tip.

[0011] 主导轨是一个一端带耳片的螺纹杆件,耳片端的靠端头位置钻一通孔,以便让转轴螺钉穿过,其全螺纹部分一侧铣一小平面,并在平面上刻印上精度为一毫米的刻度尺。 A threaded rod [0011] the main guide is at one end with the tab, the tab end against the end position of the drill a through hole, so that the rotary shaft screw passes through its full thread portion side milling a facet, and imprinting on a plane the accuracy of a millimeter scale.

[0012] 导轨螺母是一个厚六方螺母,在各个方面上顺序刻印上0、1、2、3、4、5 —个阿拉伯 [0012] The guide nut is a hexagonal nut thick, on the order of the various aspects of the imprinting 0,1,2,3,4,5 - Arab

数字字符。 Numeric characters. [0013] 调整垫是一个半圆形柱体零件,其弓玄高是直径的四分之一。 [0013] is a semi-circular pad adjustment cylinder part, a quarter of its high arch Hyun diameter.

[0014] 辅助支撑机构由固定螺钉、压盖、辅助导轨、螺母、三角体组成。 [0014] The auxiliary supporting means by a fixing screw, the gland, the secondary rail, a nut, a triangular body composition. 固定螺钉、压盖与三角体组成一个三角形件用固定螺钉连接,辅助导轨穿装在三角体上,且两侧拧着螺母。 Fixing screws, the trigone lid member composed of a triangle connecting the fixing screws mounted on the secondary rail wear trigone, and the nuts screwed on both sides. 压盖是三角形件的上部形体件,中间钻一通孔,下侧方开有两个V型槽口。 The capping member is an upper triangular shaped body member, a center through hole drilled, the lower side of the opening has two V-shaped notches. 三角体为三角形状,上上侧与压盖相对应位置开两个V型槽口,中间与压盖上通孔相对应处加工一螺纹孔,侧下方钻一通孔,以便让辅助导轨穿过。 Trigone triangular shape, the upper side of the lid corresponding to the open position of the two V-shaped notches, the intermediate gland at the corresponding hole machining a threaded hole, a through hole drilled the lower side, so that through the secondary rail . 辅助导轨是一个全螺纹的螺纹杆件。 Secondary rail is a threaded rod full threads.

[0015] 本实用新型为组合式结构。 [0015] The present invention is a modular structure. 当各零部件作不同组合时,可对不同骨折、骨缺损、骨不连的患者进行治疗和矫正,可用于骨外固定、骨延长、骨搬移、垂足矫正及O、X、K型腿的矫形。 When the various components for the various combinations, can be treated and the correction of bone defects, nonunion fractures different patients, can be used for external fixation, bone lengthening, bone transport, correction of foot drop and O, X, K type legs orthopedic.

[0016] 用于骨折外固定时:用骨针、平转动骨针夹的固定螺钉、转动骨针夹压盖、转动骨针夹体、转轴螺钉、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹的压盖螺钉、移动骨针夹盖、移动骨针夹体、移动骨针夹座、调角螺钉组合成本实用新型。 [0016] When used for external fracture fixation: a needle with a bone, the bone screws fixing the flat rotation of the needle clamp, rotation of the needle clamp gland bone, bone needle clamp member is rotated, the screw shaft, the main guide rail nut, the clamp moves spicules gland screws, bone pins move the grip cover, move the bone needle clamp body moves the bone needle clamp seat recliner screw assembly cost invention. 按医生的方案,将骨折复位后在骨折近段沿平转动骨针夹的V型槽口钻一骨折孔拧入一支骨针,再在另一段折骨的远端顺移动骨针夹的V型槽口打第二根骨针,放上本发明,再分别沿平转动骨针夹的V型槽口和移动骨针夹的V型槽口再打入两根骨针,调整骨折复位,然后拧紧固定螺钉、压盖螺钉和转轴螺钉,调节并拧紧导轨螺母、调角螺钉,使骨折牢固的固定,待骨折痊愈后拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针。 Solution by the doctor, the fracture reduction in proximal fracture along a planar V-shaped notches rotation bone fractures needle clamp a drill hole is screwed into a bone needles, and then moving the distal end along another section of the fractured bone spicules clip playing a second V-shaped notch Gengu needle, put the present invention, a V-shaped notches are rotated again V-shaped notches and the mobile pin bone spicules clamp clip and then into the two bone pins in the level adjustment fracture and then tighten the fixing screw, and the screw shaft gland screw, guide and tighten the adjusting nut, adjusting screw angle, the fracture firmly fixed, until the fracture is healed dismantle the present invention, each bone pin removed.

[0017] 用于骨延长时:用骨针、平转动骨针夹的固定螺钉、转动骨针夹压盖、转动骨针夹体、转轴螺钉、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹的压盖螺钉、移动骨针夹盖、移动骨针夹体、移动骨针夹座、调角螺钉、销轴、辅助支撑机构固定螺钉、压盖、辅助导轨、螺母、三角体的组合成本实用新型。 [0017] As used bone lengthening: with spicules of bone screws fixing the flat rotation of the needle clamp, rotation of the needle clamp gland bone, bone needle clamp member is rotated, the screw shaft, the main guide rail nut, the clamp pressure moves spicules cover screws, bone pins move the grip cover, move the bone needle clamp body moves the needle clamp seat bone, the cost of the combination recliner screw, pin, the auxiliary support mechanism fixing screw, gland, the secondary rail, the nut, trigone invention. 按医生的方案,沿平转动骨针夹体的V型槽口和移动骨针夹体的V型槽口向需延长骨的远端、近端各打入适当数量的骨针并夹紧各骨针,将需延长骨中间截断,确认截骨成功后,拧紧各螺钉和所有螺母。 Solution by the doctor, in the pan rotation V-type notches and V-notches to move the clip body spicules of bone pins required to extend the clip member distal bone, the proximal end of each needle into the bone and an appropriate number of each clamp after the bone pins, bone will require an extension of the intermediate cut, to confirm successful osteotomy, each of the screws and tighten all the nuts. 待机期过后松开移动骨针夹座两侧的导轨螺母,旋动移动骨针夹体座近侧的导轨螺母以每天一毫米的速度使移动骨针夹座向骨延长的方向移动尽而使远端骨段离开近端骨段,使整个骨长度变长,直至达到设计长度,拧固各导轨螺母,待延长骨理想钙化后拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针。 After the release of the standby guide movement of the nut seat bone on both sides of the needle clamp, rotating movement of the nut body spicules seat rail clip proximal rate of one millimeter per day at the moving base is moved to clamp bone pins extending direction of the bone to make the distal bone segments away from the proximal bone segment, the entire length of the bone becomes longer, until it reaches the designed length, the guide rails and tightened nut, to be extended over the bone removal calcification present invention, each bone pin removed.

[0018] 用于骨搬移时:主要用来治疗、增补骨缺损。 When [0018] for bone transport: mainly used to treat, supplement bone defect. 用骨针、平转动骨针夹的固定螺钉、转动骨针夹压盖、转动骨针夹体、转轴螺钉、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹的压盖螺钉、移动骨针夹盖、移动骨针夹体、移动骨针夹座、调角螺钉、销轴组合成本实用新型。 With spicules of bone screws fixing the flat rotation of the needle clamp, rotation of the needle clamp gland bone, bone needle clamp member is rotated, the screw shaft, the main guide rail nut, the gland clamp screw moves spicules, spicules move the grip cover, bone clamp body moves the needle, the needle moves bone clamp seat angle adjusting screw, pin combinations cost invention. 按医生的预定方案,分别沿平转动骨针夹体的V型槽口和移动骨针夹体的V型槽口打入适当的各骨针,这时各组骨针位置要满足截骨和去除骨段得需求,在转动骨针夹体与相邻移动骨针夹体之间作截骨,在这个移动骨针夹体与另一个移动骨针夹体之间截除病灶的骨段,缝合并装好本发明,紧固各螺钉、螺母。 Predetermined scheme by the doctor, are rotated spicules clip V-notches and V-notches of the clip body spicules mobile body into a suitable level along each bone pin, bone hand position at this time in each group and to meet the osteotomy have removed bone segment requirements, the needle clamp rotating member and the adjacent bone spicules movement between the clamp body for osteotomy, bone segment cut other lesions between the clamp body moves the needle bone spicules with another mobile clip body, suture and the present invention is installed, each of the fastening screws, nuts. 待机期过后松开位于中间的移动骨针夹体两侧的导轨螺母,旋动该移动骨针夹座靠转动骨针夹体一侧的导轨螺母以每天一毫米的速度推动这个移动骨针夹座向离开转动骨针夹体的方向移动,尽而带动中间的可移动骨段向前移动,直至将这个可移动骨段与对面的骨段相吻合,待再生骨钙化、相接触骨段融合则骨缺损补充并痊愈后,拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针。 After the release of the standby bone in the middle of moving the needle clamp nut body on both sides of the rails, the rotating movement of the needle clamp holder against rotation bone spicules collet nut side rail at a speed of one millimeter per day to promote the movement of the needle clamp Bone bone segments movable base moving direction of rotation of the needle clamp member to the bone away, and make the intermediate drive is moved forward, until the movable bone segment opposite the bone segments coincide, to be regenerated bone calcium, the fusion of the bone segments in contact after the healing of bone defects and complement, dismantle the present invention, each bone pin removed.

[0019] 用于垂足、足内翻(足外翻)的矫正时:用骨针、平转动骨针夹、转轴螺钉、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹、垂足矫正支架夹紧螺钉、弓形架、夹块、螺母、小导轨、跖骨骨针调整机构的螺钉、压块、立柱、转动块、调节螺母、跖骨骨针拉力杆、骨针压钉、可转螺钉、跟骨骨针调整机构的螺钉、压块、立柱、转动块、调节螺母、跟骨骨针拉力杆、骨针压钉、可转螺钉组合成本实用新型。 When [0019] for the pedal, varus (valgus) correction: with bone needles, flat needles rotation bone clamp, a screw shaft, a main rail which nut moves bone needle clamp, clamping pedal bracket correction screws, bow, clamp block, nuts, small rails, screw adjusting mechanism metatarsal bone pins, clamps, posts, blocks rotation of the adjusting nut, tension bars metatarsal bone pins, bone nails acupressure, rotatable screw, calcaneus needle screw adjustment mechanism, compact, columns, blocks rotation of the adjusting nut, tension bars calcaneus bone pins, bone nails acupressure, rotatable screw assembly cost invention. 按医生的预定方案,在胫骨适当位置分别沿平转动骨针夹和移动骨针夹的V型槽口各打入一支骨针,在跖骨和跟骨分别打入一支骨针,将组合的本发明装入胫骨的骨针上夹固。 Predetermined scheme by the doctor, are in place in the tibia bone needle clamp and rotation of the flat V-shaped notches in each mobile clamp bone pins into a bone pin, respectively a driving and calcaneus metatarsal bone needle, the composition clamping the pin of the present invention is loaded into the bone of the tibia. 这时应用夹紧螺钉与螺母将弓形架与夹块连接夹固在主导轨的适当位置,使其弓形架另一边位于小腿对侧。 In this case the application of the clamping screw and the nut is connected to the bow clamp blocks clamped in place of the main rail, so that it is located on the other side bow contralateral leg. 用跖骨骨针调整结构的螺钉将压块和立柱连接后分别夹固在主导轨和小导轨上,同样跟骨骨针调整机构的螺钉将压块和立柱连接后分别夹固在主导轨和小导轨的适当位置,再分别将跖骨骨针拉力杆穿入跖骨的骨针上并用骨针压钉压紧。 Metatarsal bone needles adjustment screws are clamping structure after the connection clamps and studs on the main rail and the rear guide small, the same needle calcaneus screw adjustment mechanism are respectively connected to the column and compact clamped in the primary rail and the small position of the guide rail, respectively, and then the tension bars metatarsal bone needle penetrates the needle metatarsal bone spicules and compressed by the press nails. 紧固各紧固件,调整时松开跖骨骨针调整结构的转动块两侧跖骨骨针拉力杆上的调节螺母,旋动转动块近侧的调节螺母拉动跖骨的骨针向近端运动,同时松开跟骨骨针调整结构的转动块两侧跟骨骨针拉力杆上的调节螺母,旋动转动块远侧的调节螺母拉动跟骨的骨针向远端运动,尽而使脚尖向近端旋转以矫正垂足现象,直至完全矫正后保持一段时间拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针。 Securing each fastener, both sides of the block unwinding rotation of the needle metatarsal bone spicules metatarsal tension adjustment structure to adjust the rod adjusting nut, turning the adjusting nut rotating block pulled proximally metatarsal bone needle proximal movement, released simultaneously on both sides of the rotation adjustment nut block calcaneus tension rod pin spicules restructuring calcaneus, rotating rotatable adjusting nut block pulls the distal calcaneus bone pin distal movement, to make the toe proximal to correct pedal rotation phenomenon fully corrected until after a period of time the removal the present invention, each bone pin removed. [0020] 注意:不论用于骨外固定、骨延长还是用于骨缺损的骨搬移时,如果有一段骨段尺寸过短,安装、平转动骨针夹不够打针位置或固定不牢固时,均在平转动骨针夹的位置改换成L骨针夹这样可理想的完成任务,具体操作方法与用平转动骨针夹时方法相同。 [0020] Note: external fixation, bone lengthening or bone used for bone defects move, if there is a bone segment size is too short, the installation, the needle clamp level rotated enough bone injection position regardless of time or not firmly fixed for all spicules rotational position in the flat clamp switch from L spicules this clip over the task, the same method and operation method when the clamp body is rotated with a flat spicules.

[0021] 用于0(X、K)型腿矫正时:一般这种矫正的截骨都在骨的端部位置尽量靠近端头,所以需要用小距离、能牢固固定的L骨针夹。 When [0021] for 0 (X, K) type legs correction: this correction osteotomy are generally as close to the tip end position of the bone, it is necessary to use a small distance, can be firmly fixed clamp L spicules. 用骨针、固紧螺钉、L骨针夹体、L骨针夹盖、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹、转轴螺钉组合成本实用新型,按医生的预定方案,在预计截骨的一边较短的骨段打入一骨针,再在较长骨段打一骨针,按上本发明已打分别放置L骨针夹体的V型槽口和移动骨针夹的V型槽口上,沿L骨针夹体的V型槽口和与之平行的圆孔、以及沿移动骨针夹的另外适当V型槽口打入骨针后固紧所以的导轨螺母和紧固螺钉等紧固件,将L骨针夹体和移动骨针夹之间的骨段作局部截骨,待一周后松开转轴螺钉,拧动移动骨针夹两侧的导轨螺母,使位于L骨针夹体及移动骨针夹之间的主导轨一边增长,另一边缩短,尽而使L骨针夹体与移动骨针夹成角,带动被截两骨段也成角,则改变0 (X、K)型腿状态,逐渐调整使0(X、K)型腿变直,直至矫正到理想位置,固紧各紧固件,待骨折处痊愈后拆除 With bone needle, fastening screws, L clip body spicules, L spicules the grip cover, the primary rail, the rail nut, needle clamp movement bone, the shaft screw assembly cost invention, according to a predetermined scheme doctor, while the expected osteotomy a bone segments into shorter spicules, and then playing a long bone spicules in section, according to the present invention has been hit are placed on the V-shaped notches and V-notches L spicules spicules collet clamp movement, Therefore, after the fastening of V-shaped notches of the clip body and a circular hole parallel thereto, and the V-shaped notches along another suitable needle clamp is moved into the bone spicules spicules L along the guide rail and the fastening nut screw fasteners , the bone segments sandwiched between the clip body spicules L and move the needle for local osteotomy bone, the screw shaft until one week release, screwing movement of the nut bone needle clamp rail on both sides of the clip body positioned spicules and L mobile spicules sandwiched between one side of the primary rail growth, shortening the other side, to make the clamp body and the needle L of bone spicules clamp angular movement, driven by two bone segments may also be cut at an angle, it is changed 0 (X, K) type legs state, gradually adjusted so that 0 (X, K) type legs straightened until corrected to a desired position, securing each fastener, until the fracture healed dismantling 本实用新型,取出骨针。 The present invention, taken spicules.

[0022] 本实用新型的积极效果在于: [0022] The positive effects of the present invention comprising:

[0023] I.结构简单、操作方便,使用本发明后患者不必卧床,随时可离床活动; Simple [0023] I. structure, convenient operation, the use of the present invention is ambulatory patients, out of bed at any time;

[0024] 2.调节灵活,可在安装时调整,也可以在术后调整其骨折段成角; [0024] 2. The flexible adjustment, can be adjusted during installation, which may be adjusted in angular segments after the fracture;

[0025] 3.可随机拆装和组合使用; [0025] 3. The combination of randomly and disassembly;

[0026] 4.可组合成单独用于骨折外固定的装置; [0026] 4. The external fracture fixation may be combined into a means for separately;

[0027] 5.也可组成单独骨延长的装置,增加了辅助支撑结构避免在延长过程中骨变位成角; [0027] The apparatus may also be composed of a single bone lengthening, the auxiliary support structures to avoid an increase in the bone during prolonged angular displacement;

[0028] 6.设计了调整垫可在治疗过程中及时加调整垫来调整骨前后大角度成角,非常方便; [0028] 6. The pads may be designed to adjust the unadjusted pad timely adjusting the angle of angled longitudinal Bone very convenient during treatment;

[0029] 7,根据需要可对单独垂足患者进行垂足的矫正; [0029] 7. The required correction may be performed on a single pedal foot of a patient;

[0030] 8,对于又有骨缺损、骨短缩,同时出现垂足、足内翻的患者可组合一套满足这种需求的本实用新型一次同时完成上述治疗,避免了以往采用的多次手术的方法减轻患者痛苦和经济压力; [0030] 8, to have bone defect, shortening, simultaneous pedal, foot varus patients can meet such a demand a composition of the present invention the above treatment at one time, to avoid a number of conventionally used surgical methods to alleviate the suffering of patients and economic pressure;

[0031] 9.用本实用新型作骨搬移还可同时对软组织缺损进行修补,省去了耗时、耗材的皮掰及植皮的手术。 [0031] 9. The soft tissue defect can simultaneously be repaired by the present invention as bone transport, eliminating the need for time-consuming, and supplies breaking skin graft surgery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0032] 下面结合幅图和实施例对本实用新型做进一步说明。 [0032] below with reference to figures and examples further illustrate the present invention do.

[0033] 图I是本实用新型的结构示意图[0034] 图2是本实用新型的平转动骨针夹结构示意图 [0033] FIG. I is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention [0034] FIG. 2 of the present invention is a flat rotatable clamp structure diagram spicules

[0035] 图3是本实用新型的L骨针夹结构示意图 [0035] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention spicules clamp L

[0036] 图4是本实用新型的移动骨针夹结构示意图 [0036] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the present invention, a mobile clamp spicules

[0037] 图5是本实用新型的垂足矫正支架结构示意图 [0037] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the present invention to correct a foot support structure

[0038] 图6是本实用新型的弓形架结构示意图 [0038] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the present invention novel bow structure

[0039] 图7是本实用新型的夹块结构示意图 [0039] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the clamp block of the present invention

[0040] 图8是本实用新型的跖骨骨针调整机构结构示意图 [0040] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the new mechanism to adjust the needle metatarsal bone structure present invention

[0041] 图9是本实用新型的压块结构示意图 [0041] FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the compact structure of the present invention

[0042] 图10是本实用新型的立柱结构示意图 [0042] FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of the pillar structure of the present invention

[0043] 图11是本实用新型的转动块结构示意图 [0043] FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the present invention novel rotary block structure

[0044] 图12是本实用新型的跖骨骨针拉力杆结构示意图 [0044] FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the new structure of the present invention the tension rod metatarsal bone pins

[0045] 图13是本实用新型的跟骨骨针调整机构结构示意图 [0045] FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the new structure of the present invention the adjustment mechanism calcaneus bone pins

[0046] 图14是本实用新型的主导轨结构示意图 [0046] FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of the present invention, a main rail structure

[0047] 图15是本实用新型的调整垫结构示意图 [0047] FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram of the present invention to adjust the pad structure

[0048] 图16是本实用新型的辅助支撑机构结构示意图 [0048] FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the new structure of the present utility supplemental support mechanism

[0049] 图17是本实用新型用于骨折外固定的使用状态图 [0049] FIG. 17 is the present invention external fracture fixation use state for

[0050] 图18是本实用新型用于骨延长的使用状态图 [0050] FIG. 18 is the present invention for use in bone lengthening state of FIG.

[0051] 图19是本实用新型用于骨搬移的使用状态图 [0051] FIG. 19 is a state diagram of the present invention used for bone transport of

[0052] 图20是本实用新型用于垂足矫正的使用状态图 [0052] FIG. 20 is a state diagram of the present invention is used for correction of foot drop

[0053] 图21是本实用新型用于0(X、K)型腿矫正的使用状态图 [0053] FIG. 21 is used according to the present invention 0 (X, K) type legs correction use state

具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

[0054] 如图I所示,单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置它由平转动骨针夹(1)、L骨针夹(2)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母(3)、移动骨针夹(4)、垂足矫正支架(5)、跖骨骨针调整机构(6)、跟骨骨针调整机构(7)、调整垫(9)、转轴螺钉10)、辅助支撑机构(11)和骨针(12)组成。 [0054] As shown in FIG I, the two-track unilateral external bone fixation device combination which is rotated by a flat bone needle clamp (1), L spicules clamp (2), a main guide rail (8), the rail nut (3), moving bone needle holder (4), correction pedal bracket (5), the adjustment mechanism metatarsal bone pins (6), the calcaneus bone needle adjustment mechanism (7), to adjust the pad (9), 10), an auxiliary screw shaft support mechanism (11 ) and bone pins (12) components. 平转动骨针夹(I)(或L骨针夹(2))用转轴螺钉(10)与主导轨(8)相连,导轨螺母(3)分别拧在主导轨(8)上且置于穿装在主导轨(8)上的移动骨针夹(4)的两侧,垂足矫正支架(5)夹持在主导轨(8)的适当位置,跖骨骨针调整机构(6)分别夹持在垂足矫正支架(5)的小导轨(5-5)及主导轨(8)的相应位置,跟骨骨针调整机构(7)也分别夹持在垂足矫正支架 Rotation of the needle clamp flat bone (I) (L or spicules clamp (2)) is connected with the screw shaft (10) and the main rail (8), the rail nut (3) are screwed on the main rail (8) and placed through mobile spicules mounted on the main rail (8) of the clip (4) on both sides, position correction pedal bracket (5) sandwiched between the main rail (8), the adjusting mechanism metatarsal bone pins (6) are sandwiched pedal position correction corresponding support (5) a small guide (5-5) and the main rail (8), the calcaneus bone pin adjustment mechanism (7) respectively held in correct pedal bracket

(5)的小导轨(5-5)及主导轨(8)的相应位置,辅助支撑机构(11)夹固在主导轨(8)上,平转动骨针夹(1)、L骨针夹(2)及移动骨针夹(4)夹持着骨针(12)组成本发明的主体,调整垫(9)在需要调节的时候,放在平转动骨针夹(I)、L骨针夹(2)及移动骨针夹(4)夹持着的骨针(12)的一侧。 Respective positions (5) a small guide (5-5) and the main rail (8), the auxiliary support means (11) clamped on the main rail (8), rotatable flat spicules clamp (1), L folder spicules (2) and the moving clamp bone pins (4) sandwiched spicules (12) composing the main body of the present invention, to adjust the pad (9) to be adjusted when the needle clamp on a flat bone rotation (I), L spicules side of the clip (2) and the moving clamp bone pins (4) holding the pin bone (12).

[0055] 如图2所示,平转动骨针夹(I)由固定螺钉(1-1)、转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)、转动骨针夹体(1-3)组成。 [0055] As shown in FIG 2, the rotation spicules clamp level (I) by a fixing screw (1-1), rotation of spicules gland clamp (1-2), rotation of the clip body spicules (1-3) composition. 转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)为矩形片状件,上方钻四个通孔,侧下方开有三个V型槽口。 Spicules rotation gland clamp (1-2) is a rectangular sheet member, the top four through holes drilled, the lower side has three V-shaped notches open. 转动骨针夹体(1-3)也为矩形片状件,上方设计有四个螺纹孔与转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)的四个通孔相对应,以便用固定螺钉(1-1)相连接组合,其侧上方开有三个V型槽口与转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)上的V型槽口相对应,组合后用以牢固夹持相应的骨针(12)。 Rotation of the clip body spicules (1-3) is also rectangular sheet member, over designed with four through holes with four threaded holes rotational spicules gland clamp (1-2) corresponds to a screw (1 -1) connected in combination with its upper side opened and three V-shaped notches rotation spicules gland clamp (1-2) on the V-shaped notches correspond to a combination of the respective bone pins held firmly ( 12).

[0056] 如图3所示,L骨针夹⑵设计成L型由固紧螺钉(2-1)、L骨针夹体(2_2)、L骨针夹盖(2-3)组成。 [0056] 3, L spicules ⑵ designed L-shaped clip secured by the screws (2-1), L spicules clip body (2_2), L spicules grip cover (2-3) composition. L骨针夹盖(2-3)也是一矩形片状件上方中间位置开有四个通孔,侧上方设计两个V型槽口。 L spicules grip cover (2-3) is a rectangular sheet member has an intermediate position above the four through holes open, V-shaped design of the upper side two notches. L骨针夹体(2-2)为L型件,L型的短边侧面钻一通孔用以穿入骨针(12),顶边设计一螺纹孔穿入固定螺钉(2-1),以便压固穿入孔中的骨针(12),L型的长边下侧方与L骨针夹盖(2-3)开的V型槽口相对应的位置也开两个V型槽口,以便在组合时夹持骨针(12),其长边与L骨针夹盖(2-3)上四个通孔相对应的位置设计了四个螺纹孔,以便用固紧螺钉(2-1)将L骨针夹体(2-2)和L骨针夹盖(2-3)组合为一体。 L spicules clip body (2-2) L-shaped member, L-shaped side surface of the short side of a through-hole drilled into the bone to be worn needle (12), the top edge designed to penetrate a threaded bore fixing screw (2-1), in order to solid spicules pressure (12) of the penetration in the hole, L-type lower side of the long side of the L spicules grip cover (2-3) apart V-shaped notches corresponding to the open position of the two V-shaped notches also , for clamping a bone pin (12), the long sides of the grip cover spicules L four through-holes (2-3) in the combination corresponding to the position of the four threaded holes designed for fastening with screws (2 -1) L spicules the clip body (2-2) and the grip cover spicules L (2-3) integrally combined. [0057] 如图4所示,移动骨针夹(4)由压盖螺钉(4-1)、移动骨针夹盖(4-2)、移动骨针夹体(4-3)、移动骨针夹座(4-4)、销轴(4-5)、调角螺钉(4-6)组成。 [0057] As shown, the mobile spicules clamp (4) by a gland screw (4-1), movement of the grip cover spicules (4-2), movement of the clip body spicules 4 (4-3), movement of the bone needle clamp seat (4-4), pin (4-5), angle adjusting screws (4-6) composition. 用压盖螺钉(4_1)将移动骨针夹盖(4-2)与移动骨针夹体(4-3)连接在一起,移动骨针夹座(4-4)与移动骨针夹体(4-3)用销轴(4-5)组合呈铰链连接形式,调角螺钉(4-6)拧入移动骨针夹座(4-4)上。 With the gland screws (4_1) to move the grip cover spicules (4-2) connected with a mobile clip body spicules (4-3), the mobile spicules clamp seat (4-4) and a mobile clip body spicules ( 4-3) with pins (4-5) as a composition in the form of hinged angle adjusting screw (4-6) into a mobile bone needle clamp seat (4-4). 移动骨针夹盖(4-1)是一个矩形片状件,上方开有两个通孔,下侧方设计有三个V型槽口。 Spicules move the grip cover (4-1) is a rectangular sheet member, two through holes open upward, the lower side is designed with three V-shaped notches. 移动骨针夹体(4-3)是一个稍厚的矩形片状件,上方中线与移动骨针夹盖(4-2)的两个通孔相对应处设计有两个螺纹孔,以便穿入压盖螺钉(4-1),将移动骨针夹盖(4-2)和移动骨针夹体(4-3)相连接,上侧方与移动骨针夹盖(4-2)的相对应处设计有三个V型槽口,用以组合后夹持骨针(12),其下方中部设计一个突出的耳片,耳片上钻一通孔用以穿入销轴(4-5),以便与移动骨针夹座(4-4)配合形成铰链组合。 Mobile clip body spicules (4-3) is a rectangular sheet member thicker, upper midline movement of the grip cover spicules (4-2) corresponding to the two through holes of the design of two threaded holes for wear the gland screws (4-1), to move the grip cover spicules (4-2) and a mobile clip body spicules (4-3) is connected to the upper side of the grip cover and the mobile spicules (4-2) corresponding to the three V-shaped design of the notches for clamping the bone needle combination (12), which is a design central downward projecting tab, a through hole drilled to penetrate pin (4-5) on the tab, the cartridge and to move spicules (4-4) is formed with a combination of a hinge. 移动骨针夹座(4-4)为长方体件,上面中间与移动骨针夹体(4-3)的下方中部的耳片相对应处开一相配合槽口,侧方钻一通孔用以组合时穿入销轴(4-5),槽口两边设计两个螺纹孔,可拧入调角螺钉(4-6),短边一侧钻两个大通孔,以便将移动骨针夹(4)穿装在主导轨(8)上。 Mobile spicules clamp seat (4-4) is a rectangular parallelepiped member, with the mobile intermediate upper clip body spicules (4-3) below the middle of the tab corresponding to the start and a cooperating slot, the side drilled for a through hole penetrating pin (4-5) combined, the design of the two threaded holes on both sides of the slot, can be screwed into the angle adjustment screws (4-6), two short sides Chase drilled holes, so as to move the needle clamp a bone ( 4) reeved on the main rail (8).

[0058] 如图5所示,垂足矫正支架(5)由夹紧螺杆(5-1)、弓形架(5-2)、夹块(5_3)、螺母(5-4)、小导轨(5-5)组成。 [0058] As shown, the corrected pedal bracket 5 (5) by the clamping screw (5-1), bow (5-2), interposed blocks (5_3), nuts (5-4), a small rail ( 5-5) components. 用夹紧螺杆(5-1)与螺母(5-4)将弓形架(5_2)与夹块(5_3)组装在一起夹持着小导轨(5-5),弓形架(5-2)的另一侧用夹持的方法与主导轨(8)连接。 With the clamping screw (5-1) and nut (5-4) the bow (5_2) and the clamping block assembly (5_3) together with a small clamping rail (5-5), bow (5-2) connecting the other side of the primary rail clamping method (8). 如图6所示,弓形架(5-2)是一个槽型型材弯成U型两边内侧开一V型槽口侧方钻一通孔以便与夹块(5-3)用夹紧螺杆(5-1)与螺母(5-4)相组合。 6, the arcuate frame (5-2) is bent into a U-groove profile open on both sides of the inner side of a V-shaped notch so as to drill a hole through the clamp block (5-3) with a clamping screw (5 -1) and nut (5-4) in combination. 如图7所示,夹块(5-3)是一个相应长的型材件,侧边开一个V型槽口与弓形架(5-2)的V型槽口相对应,相应的侧边也设计一通孔与弓形架(5-2)的通孔相对应。 7, the clamp block (5-3) a respective profile member length, a V-shaped notch open side and bow (5-2) of the V-shaped notches corresponding to the respective sides also design of a bow with a through hole (5-2) of the corresponding hole.

[0059] 如图8所示,跖骨骨针调整结构(6)由螺钉(6-1)、压块(6-2)、立柱(6_3)、转动块(6-4)、调节螺母¢-5)、跖骨骨针拉力杆¢-6)、骨针压钉¢-7)、可转螺钉(6-8)组成。 [0059] 8, metatarsal bone restructuring pin (6) by means of screws (6-1), the compact (6-2), column (6_3), the pivoting arm (6-4), the adjustment nut ¢ - 5), tension bars ¢ metatarsal bone pins -6), spicules press nails ¢ -7), rotatable screw (6-8) composition. 压块¢-2)与立柱(6-3)用螺钉¢-1)相连,转动块(6-4)用可转螺钉(6-8)联在立柱(6-3)上,跖骨骨针拉力杆(6-6)穿装在转动块(6-4)上,两边拧上调节螺母¢-5),骨针压钉(6-7)拧在跖骨骨针拉力杆¢-6)的端头。 Compact ¢ -2) and column (6-3) connected by screws ¢ -1), the pivoting arm (6-4) with a rotatable screw (6-8) on the associated uprights (6-3), metatarsal bone pins tension bars (6-6) mounted on a rotary wear block (6-4), on both sides of the adjusting nut screwed ¢ -5), spicules press nails (6-7) onto the metatarsal bone needle tension bars ¢ -6) of end. 如图9所示,压块(6-2)是一个长方体件,一侧设计有两个通孔,中间侧边开一V型槽口。 9, the pressure piece (6-2) is a rectangular parallelepiped member, is designed with two side through-holes, a V-shaped intermediate open-sided slot. 如图10所示,立柱(6-3)也是一个长方体件,侧方开有两个螺纹孔与压块(6-2)的通孔相对应,上方开一通孔,与压块(6-2)相应的位置也开一V型槽口。 10, the uprights (6-3) is a rectangular member, the side opening has two threaded holes compact (6-2) corresponding to the through hole, a through hole opened upward, and compact (6- 2) a position corresponding to a V-shaped notch also opened. 如图11所示,转动块(6-4)的一侧钻一通孔,其侧边设计一螺纹孔。 As shown in FIG 11, one side of the rotary block (6-4) is drilled a hole through which a threaded bore side design. 如图12所示,跖骨骨针拉力杆(6-6)是一个一端为较粗的圆柱,另一端为螺纹的杆件,圆柱段钻一通孔,以便跖骨的骨针(12)穿入,其端头中心设计一螺纹孔,以便能让骨针压钉(6-7)抒入。 As shown, the needle metatarsal bone tension bars (6-6) for the thicker end 12 is a cylinder, the other end of the rod member is threaded, cylindrical section through a drilled hole so that the metatarsal bone needle (12) penetrates, end thereof a central threaded hole designed to allow the press nails spicules (6-7) into the express.

[0060] 如图13所示,跟骨骨针调整机构(7)的结构与跖骨骨针调整机构(6)的结构相似,只是尺寸有些差异,它由螺钉(7-1)、压块(7-2)、立柱(7-3)、转动块(7-6)、调节螺母(7-5)、跟骨骨针拉力杆(7-7)、骨针压钉(7-8)、可转螺钉(7-4)组成。 [0060] As shown in FIG 13 is similar to the structure of calcaneal bone pin adjusting mechanism (7) and the structure of metatarsal bone pin adjustment mechanism (6), except that the size of some difference, which by means of screws (7-1), the compact ( 7-2), column (7-3), rotation of the block (7-6), the adjustment nut (7-5), the needle calcaneus tension bars (7-7), spicules press nails (7-8), rotatable screw (7-4) composition. 压块(7_2)与立柱(7-3)用螺钉(7-1)相连,转动块(7-6)用可转螺钉(7-4)联在立柱(7_3)上,跟骨骨针拉力杆(7-7)穿装在转动块(7-6)上,两边拧上调节螺母(7-5),骨针压钉(7-8)拧在跟骨骨针拉力杆(7-7)的端头。 Compact (7_2) and column (7-3) with screws (7-1) connected to the pivoting arm (7-6) with a rotatable screw (7-4) with the uprights (7_3), pulling the needle calcaneus bars (7-7) mounted on a rotary wear block (7-6), the adjustment nut (7-5) on both sides of the twist, spicules press nails (7-8) onto the calcaneus bone needle tension bars (7-7 ) tip. [0061] 如图14所示,主导轨(8)是一个一端带耳片的螺纹杆件,耳片端的靠端头位置钻一通孔,以便让转轴螺钉(10)穿过,其全螺纹部分一侧铣一小平面,并在平面上刻印上精度为一毫米的刻度尺。 [0061] As shown, the main rail (8) is a threaded rod 14 with one end of a tab, the tab end against the end position a through-hole drilled, so that the screw shaft (10) through which the whole threaded portion milling a side facet, and the accuracy of marking a millimeter scale on a plane.

[0062] 导轨螺母(3)是一个厚六方螺母,在各个方面上顺序刻印上0、1、2、3、4、5—个阿 [0062] The rail nut (3) is a thick hexagon nut, on the order of the various aspects of a marking on 0,1,2,3,4,5- A

拉伯数字字符。 Arab-numeric characters.

[0063] 如图15所示,调整垫(9)是一个半圆形柱体零件,其弓玄高是直径的四分之一。 [0063] As shown in FIG. 15, the adjustment pad (9) is a semicircular cylinder part, a quarter of its high arch Hyun diameter.

[0064] 如图16所示,辅助支撑机构(11)由固定螺钉(11-1)、压盖(11_2)、辅助导轨(11-3)、螺母(11-4)、三角体(11-5)组成。 [0064], the auxiliary support mechanism 16 (11) by a fixing screw (11-1), the gland (11_2), an auxiliary guide rail (11-3), a nut (11-4), trigone (11- 5) components. 固定螺钉(11-1)、压盖(11-2)与三角体(11-5)组成一个三角形件用固定螺钉(11-1)连接,辅助导轨(11-3)穿装在三角体上,且两侧拧着螺母(11-4)。 Fixing screw (11-1), the gland (11-2) of the triangular body (11-5) consisting of a triangle connecting member fixing screws (11-1), the secondary rail (11-3) in the trigone reeved , and the nut is screwed to both sides of (11-4). 压盖(11-2)是三角形件的上部形体件,中间钻一通孔,下侧方开有两个V型槽口。 Gland (11-2) is an upper triangular member shaped body member, a center through hole drilled, the lower side of the opening has two V-shaped notches. 三角体(11-5)为三角形状,上侧与压盖(11-2)相对应位置开两个V型槽口,中间与压盖(11-2)上通孔相对应处加工一螺纹孔,侧下方钻一通孔,以便让辅助导轨(11-3)穿过。 Trigone (11-5) of triangular shape, with the upper lid (11-2) corresponding to the open position of the two V-shaped notches, and the gland intermediate (11-2) corresponding to the through-hole at a processing thread hole, a through hole drilled the lower side, so that the secondary rail (11-3) to pass through. 辅助导轨(11-3)是一个全螺纹的螺纹杆件。 Secondary rail (11-3) is a full thread of a threaded rod member.

[0065] 本实用新型为组合式结构。 [0065] The present invention is a modular structure. 当各零部件作不同组合时,可对不同骨折、骨缺损、骨不连的患者进行治疗和矫正,可用于骨外固定、骨延长、骨搬移、垂足矫正及O、X、K型腿的矫形。 When the various components for the various combinations, can be treated and the correction of bone defects, nonunion fractures different patients, can be used for external fixation, bone lengthening, bone transport, correction of foot drop and O, X, K type legs orthopedic.

[0066] 用于骨折外固定时:如图17所示,用骨针(12)、平转动骨针夹(I)的固定螺钉(1-1)、转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)、转动骨针夹体(1-3)、转轴螺钉(10)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母 [0066] When used for external fracture fixation: 17, with a bone pin (12), the flat clamp spicules rotation (I) of the screw (1-1), rotation of the gland clamp spicules (1-2 ), rotation of the clip body spicules (1-3), the screw shaft (10), a main guide rail (8), the rail nut

(3)、移动骨针夹(4)的压盖螺钉(4-1)、移动骨针夹盖(4-2)、移动骨针夹体(4-3)、移动骨针夹座(4-4)、调角螺钉(4-6)组合成本发明。 (3), moving the bone needle clamp (4) of the gland screw (4-1), movement of the grip cover spicules (4-2), movement of the clip body spicules (4-3), movement of the bone needle clamp holder (4 -4), angle adjusting screws (4-6) in combination cost invention. 按医生的预定方案,将骨折复位后在骨折近段沿平转动骨针夹(I)的V型槽口钻一骨折孔后拧入一支骨针(12),再在另一段折骨的远端顺移动骨针夹(4)的V型槽口打入第二根骨针(12),放上本发明,再分别沿平转动骨针夹 Predetermined scheme by the doctor, the fracture reduction in the pan is rotated in a bone needle clip proximal fracture (I), a V-notch fracture the drilled hole is screwed into a bone pin (12), and then another section of a fractured bone in moving the distal end along a bone needle clamp (4) of the V-shaped notch into a second bone of the needle (12), put the present invention, the rotation flat and then were interposed along spicules

(I)的V型槽口和移动骨针夹(4)的V型槽口再打入两根骨针(12),调整骨折复位,然后拧紧固定螺钉(1-1)、压盖螺钉(4-1)和转轴螺钉(10),调节并拧紧导轨螺母(3)、调角螺钉(4-6),使骨折牢固的固定,待骨折痊愈后拆除本发明,取出各骨针(12)。 (I) and V-notch move bone needle clamp (4) of the two V-shaped notch and then into the bone pins (12), adjust the fracture, and then tighten the fixing screw (1-1), the capping screw ( 4-1) and screw shaft (10), and tighten the adjusting nut the guide rail (3), angle adjusting screws (4-6), the fracture firmly fixed, the present invention is the removal until the fracture is healed, remove each bone pin (12) .

[0067] 用于骨延长时:如图18所示,用骨针(12)、平转动骨针夹⑴的固定螺钉(1-1)、转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)、转动骨针夹体(1-3)、转轴螺钉(10)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母(3)、移动骨针夹(4)的压盖螺钉(4-1)、移动骨针夹盖(4-2)、移动骨针夹体(4-3)、移动骨针夹座(4-4)、调角螺钉(4-6)、销轴(4-5)、辅助支撑机构(11)的固定螺钉(11-1)、压盖(11-2)、辅助导轨(11-3)、螺母(11-4)、三角体(11-5)组合成本实用新型。 When [0067] for bone lengthening: 18, with a bone pin (12), the flat clamp rotation spicules ⑴ fixing screws (1-1), rotation of spicules gland clamp (1-2), the rotation spicules clip body (1-3), the screw shaft (10), a main guide rail (8), the rail nut (3), moving the bone needle clamp (4) of the gland screw (4-1), movement of the grip cover spicules (4-2), movement of the clip body spicules (4-3), the mobile spicules clamp seat (4-4), angle adjusting screws (4-6), pin (4-5), the auxiliary support mechanism (11 ) fixing screws (11-1), the gland (11-2), the secondary rail (11-3), (11-5) a combination of cost nut (11-4), trigone invention. 按医生方案,分别沿转动骨针夹体(1-3)的V型槽口和移动骨针夹体(4-3)的V型槽口向需延长骨的远端、近端各打入适当数量的骨针(12)并夹紧各骨针(12),将需延长骨中间截断,确认截骨成功后,拧紧各螺钉和所有螺母。 Program by the doctor, spicules are rotated along the collet (1-3) of the V-shaped notches and moving the clip body spicules (4-3) of the V-shaped notches need to extend to the distal bone, the proximal end of each driving after a suitable number of bone pins (12) and grip each bone pin (12), the need to extend the intermediate cut bone, osteotomy confirm successful, each of the screws and tighten all the nuts. 待机期过后松开移动骨针夹座(4-4)两侧的导轨螺母(3),旋动移动骨针夹座(4-4)近侧的导轨螺母(3)以每天一毫米的速度使移动骨针夹座(4-4)向骨延长方向移动,使远端骨段离开近端骨段,整个骨长度变长达到设计长度,拧固各导轨螺母 After the release of the standby mobile spicules clamp seat (4-4) on both sides of the rail nut (3), rotating the mobile spicules clamp seat (4-4) proximal to the rail nut (3) at a speed of one millimeter per day the moving clamp seat spicules (4-4) moved in the direction of extension of the bone, the distal end of the proximal bone segment away from the bone section, the entire length of the bone to meet the design length becomes long, the guide rails and tightened nut

(3),待延长骨理想钙化后拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针(12)。 (3), to be extended over the calcified bone removal present invention, taken each bone pin (12).

[0068] 用于骨搬移时:如图19所示,主要用来治疗、增补骨缺损。 [0068] As used bone transport: as shown in Figure 19, is mainly used to treat, supplement bone defect. 用骨针(12)、平转动骨针夹(I)的固定螺钉(1-1)、转动骨针夹压盖(1-2)、转动骨针夹体(1-3)、转轴螺钉(10)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母(3)、移动骨针夹(4)的压盖螺钉(4-1)、移动骨针夹盖(4-2)、移动骨针夹体(4-3)、移动骨针夹座(4-4)、调角螺钉(4-6)、销轴(4-5)组合成本实用新型。 With bone needle (12), the flat clamp spicules rotation (I) of the screw (1-1), rotation of spicules gland clamp (1-2), rotation of the clip body spicules (1-3), a screw shaft ( 10), the main guide rail (8), the rail nut (3), moving the bone needle clamp (4) of the gland screw (4-1), movement of the grip cover spicules (4-2), movement of the clip body spicules (4 -3), spicules moving clamp seat (4-4), angle adjusting screws (4-6), pin (4-5) a combination of cost invention. 按医 By doctors

生的预定方案,分别沿转动骨针夹体(1-3)的V型槽口和移动骨针夹体(4-3)的V型槽口打入适当的各骨针(12),这时各组骨针(12)的位置要满足截骨和去除骨段得需求,在转动骨针夹体(1-3)与相邻移动骨针夹体(4-3)之间作截骨,在这个移动骨针夹体(4-3)与另一个移动骨针夹体(4-3)之间截除病灶的骨段,缝合并装好本发明,紧固各螺钉、螺母。 Students predetermined program, spicules are rotated along the collet (1-3) of the V-shaped notches and moving the clip body spicules (4-3) of the V-shaped notches into each bone needle proper (12), which bone position the needle (12) in each group have to meet the needs of osteotomy and bone segments removed, rotating clip body spicules (1-3) and the adjacent mobile bone osteotomy between the needle clamp member as (4-3), cut bone segments in addition to the displacement between lesions spicules clip body (4-3) with another mobile spicules clip body (4-3), and the suture of the present invention is installed, each of the fastening screws, nuts. 待机期过后松开位于中间的移动骨针夹体(4-3)两侧的导轨螺母(3),旋动该移动骨针夹座(4-4)靠转动骨针夹体(1-3) —侧的导轨螺母(3)以每天一毫米的速度推动这个移动骨针夹座(4-3)向离开转动骨针夹体(1-3)的方向移动,尽而带动中间的可移动骨段向前移动,直至将这个可移动骨段与对面的骨段相吻合,待再生骨钙化、相接触骨段融合则骨缺损补充并痊愈后,拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针(12)。 Rail nuts (4-3) on both sides in the middle after the release of the standby mobile spicules clip body (3), the rotating movement of spicules clamp seat (4-4) by rotation of the clip body spicules (1-3 ) - the nut side of the moving direction of the guide rail (3) at a speed of one millimeter per day promote this movement spicules clamp seat (4-3) is rotated away from the clip body to the bone pins (1-3), do to drive a movable intermediate bone segments move forward until the movable bone segment and the bone segments across coincide, to be regenerated bone calcium, the fusion of the bone segments in contact with bone defects and supplemented after recovery, removal of the present invention, taken each bone pin (12 ).

[0069] 用于垂足、足内翻(足外翻)的矫正时:如图20所示,用骨针(12)、平转动骨针夹(I)、转轴螺钉(10)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母(3)、移动骨针夹(4)、垂足矫正支架(5)的夹紧螺钉(5-1)、弓形架(5-2)、夹块(5-3)、螺母(5-4)、小导轨(5_5)、跖骨骨针调整结构 [0069] a pedal, when turned (eversion) of the foot correction: shown in Figure 20, with a bone pin (12), the flat clamp spicules rotation (I), (10), a main guide shaft screw (8), the rail nut (3), moving the bone needle clamp (4), correction pedal bracket (5) of the clamping screw (5-1), bow (5-2), interposed blocks (5-3) nut (5-4), a small guide (5_5), metatarsal bone pins restructuring

(6)的螺钉(6-1)、压块(6-2)、立柱(6-3)、转动块(6-4)、调节螺母(6_5)、跖骨骨针拉力杆(6-6)、骨针压钉¢-7)、可转螺钉¢-8)、跟骨骨针调整机构(7)的螺钉(7-1)、压块(7-2)、立柱(7-3)、转动块(7-6)、调节螺母(7-5)、跟骨骨针拉力杆(7-7)、骨针压钉(7_8)、可转螺钉(7-4)组合成本实用新型。 (6) the screw (6-1), the compact (6-2), column (6-3), rotation of the block (6-4), the adjustment nut (6_5), tension bars metatarsal bone pins (6-6) , spicules press nails ¢ -7), rotatable screw ¢ -8), screws (7-1) calcaneal bone pin adjustment mechanism (7), the compact (7-2), column (7-3), rotary block (7-6), the adjustment nut (7-5), the needle calcaneus tension bars (7-7), spicules press nails (7_8), rotatable screw (7-4) a combination of cost invention. 按医生的预定方案,在胫骨适当位置分别沿平转动骨针夹(I)和移动骨针夹⑷的V型槽口各打入一支骨针(12),在跖骨和跟骨分别打入一支骨针 Predetermined scheme by the doctor, are in place in the tibia bone rotates the needle clamp level (I) and a mobile clamp spicules ⑷ V-notches into each of a bone needle (12), respectively, into the calcaneus and the metatarsal a bone needle

(12),将组合的本发明装入胫骨的骨针(12)上夹固。 (12), the combination of the invention was charged tibia bone needle clamp (12). 这时应用夹紧螺钉(5-1)与螺母(5-4)将弓形架(5-2)与夹块(5-3)连接夹固在主导轨(8)的适当位置,使其弓形架(5-2)另一边位于小腿对侧。 In this case the application clamp screw (5-1) and nut (5-4) the bow (5-2) with a gripper block (5-3) connected to the clamping position in the main guide rails (8), so that the arcuate frame (5-2) located on the other side of the contralateral leg. 用跖骨骨针调整结构出)的螺钉(6-1)将压块(6-2)和立柱(6-3)连接后分别夹固在主导轨(8)和小导轨(5-5)上,同样跟骨骨针调整机构(7)的螺钉(7-1)将压块(7-2)和立柱(7-3)连接后分别夹固在主导轨⑶和小导轨(5-5)的适当位置,再分别将跖骨骨针拉力杆(6-6)穿入跖骨的骨针(12)上并用骨针压钉(6-7)压紧。 A restructuring) with a needle metatarsal bone screw (6-1) The compact (6-2) and the uprights (6-3) are clamped connection on the main rail (8) and small rails (5-5) Similarly screws (7-1) calcaneus adjusting mechanism pin (7) of the compact (7-2) and the uprights (7-3) are interposed in a solid connection and small primary rail ⑶ rail (5-5) an appropriate position, respectively, then the needle metatarsal bone tension bars (6-6) on the metatarsal bone penetrating needle (12) and pressed by the press nails spicules (6-7). 紧固各紧固件,调整时松开跖骨骨针调整结构¢)的转动块(6-4)两侧跖骨骨针拉力杆(6-6)上的调节螺母¢-5),旋动转动块(6-4)近侧的调节螺母(6-5)拉动跖骨的骨针(12)向近端运动,同时松开跟骨骨针调整结构(7)的转动块(7-6)两侧跟骨骨针拉力杆(7-7)上的调节螺母(7-5),旋动转动块(7-6)远侧的调节螺母(7-5)拉动跟骨的骨针(12)向远端运动,尽而使脚尖向近端旋转以矫正垂足现象,直至完全矫正后保持一段时间拆除本实用新型,取出各骨针。 Securing each fastener to release the needle metatarsal bone restructuring ¢) rotation adjustment block (6-4) on both sides of the metatarsal bone pins on the adjustment nut ¢ -5 tension bars (6-6)), rotating the rotation block (6-4) a proximal adjusting nut (6-5) pull metatarsal bone pin (12) proximal movement, while adjusting pin releasably calcaneus bone structure (7) of the rotary block (7-6) two adjusting nut (7-5) on the side of the calcaneus bone needle tension bars (7-7), rotating the rotary block (7-6) of the distal adjusting nut (7-5) pulling the calcaneus bone pins (12) distal movement, to make the toe pedal rotation proximally to correct the phenomenon until the correct period of time after complete removal of the present invention, each bone pin removed.

[0070] 注意:不论用于骨外固定、骨延长还是用于骨缺损的骨搬移时,如果有一段骨段尺寸过短,安装平转动骨针夹(I)不够打针位置时,均在平转动骨针夹(I)的位置改换成L骨针夹(2)这样可理想的完成任务,具体操作方法与用平转动骨针夹(I)时方法相同。 [0070] Note: Whether for external fixation, bone lengthening or bone for bone defects move, if there is a short segment size of bone, bone rotatably mounting the needle clamp level (I) insufficient injection position, both in the flat spicules clamp rotation (I) of the switch from position L spicules clamp (2) such tasks may be desirable, particularly methods of operation and the needle clamp is rotated bone (I) by the same method as flat.

[0071] 用于0(Χ、Κ)型腿矫正时:如图21所示,一般这种矫正的截骨都在骨的端部位置,所以需要用小距离、能牢固固定的L骨针夹(2)。 When [0071] for 0 (Χ, Κ) type legs correction: 21, such a general correction osteotomy bone in end position, it is necessary with a small distance, it can be firmly fixed L spicules clip (2). 用骨针(12)、L骨针夹(2)的固紧螺钉(2-1)、L骨针夹体(2-2)、L骨针夹盖(2-3)、主导轨(8)、导轨螺母(3)、移动骨针夹(4)、转轴螺钉(10)组合成本实用新型,按医生的方案,在截骨的一边较短的骨段打入一骨针 With bone needle (12), L spicules clamp (2) fastening screws (2-1), L spicules clip body (2-2), L spicules grip cover (2-3), the main guide rail (8 ), the guide rail nut (3), moving the bone needle clamp (4), (10) a combination of the cost of the screw shaft invention, the embodiment according to the doctor, spicules into a shorter side of the osteotomy bone segment

(12),再在较长骨段打一骨针(12),将骨针(12)分别放置L骨针夹体(2)的V型槽口和移动骨针夹(4)的V型槽口上,沿L骨针夹体(2-2)的V型槽口和与之平行的圆孔、沿移动骨针夹(4)的另外适当V型槽口打入骨针(12)后固紧所以的导轨螺母(3)和紧固螺钉(2-1)等紧固件,将L骨针夹体(2-2)和移动骨针夹(4)之间的骨段作局部截骨,待一周后松开转·轴螺钉(10),拧动移动骨针夹(4)两侧的导轨螺母(3),使位于L骨针夹体(2)及移动骨针夹(4)之间的主导轨(8) —边增长,另一边缩短,尽而使L骨针夹体(2)与移动骨针夹(4)成角,带动被截两骨段也成角则改变O (X、K)型腿状态,逐渐调整使O (X、K)型腿变直,直至矫正到理想位置,固紧各紧固件,待骨折处痊愈后拆除本实用新型,取出骨针。 (12), and then playing a bone needle (12) in the long bone segment, bone pins (12) placed in the clip body spicules are L (2) and V-notch move bone needle clamp (4) of the V-groove after opening, the collet (2-2) in the L spicules and parallel V-shaped notches of the hole, moving along the bone needle clamp (4) of the V-shaped notch into another suitable bone pins (12) fastening Therefore rail nut (3) and the fastening screws (2-1) and other fasteners, the clip body spicules L (2-2) and a mobile bone segment interposed between the pin bone (4) for local osteotomy, One week after transfer to be releasably · screw shaft (10), screwing the bone moving the needle clamp rail nut (4) on both sides (3), so that the clip body located spicules L (2) and the moving clamp bone pins (4) of between the primary rail (8) - edge growth, shortening the other side, to make the L spicules clip body (2) and the mobile spicules clamp (4) at an angle, driven by two bone segments can be cut to change the angle of O ( X, K) type legs state, gradually adjust so O (X, K) type legs straightened until corrected to a desired position, securing each fastener, until removal of the fracture healed present invention, taken spicules.

Claims (6)

1. 一种单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,由平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹、主导轨、导轨螺母、移动骨针夹、垂足矫正支架、跖骨骨针调整机构、跟骨骨针调整机构、调整垫、转轴螺钉、辅助支撑机构和骨针组成,其特征是:平转动骨针夹、及L骨针夹用转轴螺钉与主导轨相连,导轨螺母分别拧在主导轨上且置于穿装在主导轨上的移动骨针夹的两侧,垂足矫正支架夹持在主导轨的适当位置,跖骨骨针调整机构分别夹持在垂足矫正支架的小导轨及主导轨的相应位置,跟骨骨针调整机构也分别夹持在垂足矫正支架的小导轨及主导轨的相应位置,辅助支撑机构夹固在主导轨上,平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹及移动骨针夹夹持着骨针组成本发明的主体,调整垫在需要调节的时候,放在平转动骨针夹、L骨针夹及移动骨针夹夹持着的骨针的一侧。 A unilateral external bone fixation device combined two-track, the rotation of a flat bone needle clamp, L bone needle clamp, the primary rail, the rail nut, bone needle clamp movement, pedal bracket correction, the adjustment mechanism metatarsal bone pins, calcaneus spicules adjustment mechanism, to adjust the pad, the shaft screw, the supplemental support mechanism and spicules composition, characterized in that: a flat rotatable bone needle clamp, and L spicules clamp connected with the shaft screw and the main rail which nuts are screwed onto the primary rail place and placed on both sides through the mobile spicules mounted on the primary rail clip, at the foot of the correction of the primary rail clamping holder, the adjustment mechanism metatarsal bone pins are clamped in the guide rail and the main rail foot of a small correction bracket respective position adjusting mechanism pin calcaneus respectively held in the respective position of the small foot of the rail and the main rail straightening bracket, the auxiliary support mechanism clamped on the main rail, flat bone needle clamp rotation, L and clip spicules moving the bone spicules clip holds the needle body composition of the present invention, the adjustment pads needs to be adjusted when rotated on a flat bone needle clamp, clip side L and the moving bone spicules needle clamp with bone needle holder.
2.根据权利要求I所述的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,其特征是:平转动骨针夹由固定螺钉、转动骨针夹压盖、转动骨针夹体组成,转动骨针夹压盖为矩形片状件,上方钻四个通孔,侧下方开有三个V型槽口,转动骨针夹体也为矩形片状件,上方设计有四个螺纹孔与转动骨针夹压盖的四个通孔相对应,其侧上方开有三个V型槽口与转动骨针夹压盖上的V型槽口相对应。 2. two-track unilateral external bone fixation device combination as claimed in claim I, characterized in that: the needle clamp by a flat rotatable fixing bone screws, bone needle clamp gland rotation, rotation of the bone needle clamp body composition, bone rotation of the needle clamp the capping member is a rectangular sheet, over the four through holes drilled, the lower side has three V-shaped notches open, rotation of the clip body spicules also rectangular sheet member, there are four threaded holes above the design with the rotating nip spicules four through holes corresponding to the cap, which has an upper side opened and three V-shaped notches rotation bone needle clamp on the V-notch corresponds gland.
3.根据权利要求I所述的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,其特征是:L骨针夹设计成L型由固紧螺钉、L骨针夹体、L骨针夹盖组成,L骨针夹盖也是一矩形片状件上方中间位置开有三个通孔,侧上方设计两个V型槽口,L骨针夹体为L型件,L型的短边侧面钻一通孔,顶边设计一螺纹孔,L型的长边下侧方与L骨针夹盖开的V型槽口相对应的位置也开两个V型槽口,其长边与L骨针夹盖上三个通孔相对应的位置设计了三个螺纹孔。 3. A unilateral external bone fixation device combined two-track I according to claim, wherein: L spicules designed L-shaped clip secured by the screws, bone needle clamp body L, L spicules composed of the grip cover, L bone needle cover is a rectangular sheet clamp member has an intermediate position above the open design of three through holes, the upper side of the two V-shaped notches, the clip body spicules L L-shaped member, L-shaped short side surfaces of a drilled hole through the top a threaded hole edge design, the L-type lower side and a long side L of the grip cover apart spicules V-notches also open position corresponding two V-shaped notches, the long sides of the bone needle folder cover three L through-holes at positions corresponding to the three threaded holes designed.
4.根据权利要求I所述的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,其特征是:移动骨针夹由压盖螺钉、移动骨针夹盖、移动骨针夹体、移动骨针夹座、销轴、调角螺钉组成,移动骨针夹盖是一个矩形片状件,上方开有两个通孔,下侧方设计有三个V型槽口,移动骨针夹体是一个稍厚的矩形片状件,上方中线与移动骨针夹盖的两个通孔相对应处设计有两个螺纹孔,上侧方与移动骨针夹盖的相对应处设计有三个V型槽口,其下方中部设计一个突出的耳片,耳片上钻一通孔,移动骨针夹座为长方体件,上面中间与移动骨针夹体的下方中部的耳片相对应处开一相配合槽口,侧方钻一通孔,槽口两边设计两个螺纹孔,短边一侧钻两个大通孔。 According to claim I of the unilateral-track combined external fixation device, wherein: the mobile spicules gland clamp screws, bone pins move the grip cover, the clip body spicules mobile, mobile spicules clip mount, pin angle adjusting screw composition, spicules move the grip cover is a rectangular sheet member, two through holes open upward, the lower side is designed with three V-shaped notches, the collet is moved spicules a thicker rectangular a sheet-like member, two through-holes above the midline of the mobile spicules corresponding to the grip cover is designed with two threaded holes at the upper side of the grip cover and the mobile spicules corresponding to the V-shaped design with three notches, below central design a projecting tab, drilling a through-hole ear, the middle of moving spicules clamping base is a rectangular parallelepiped member, the intermediate above and the mobile spicules clamp body below the tab corresponding to the start and a cooperating slot, the side of the drill a through-hole, two notches on both sides of the screw hole design, two short sides Chase drilled holes.
5.根据权利要求I所述的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,其特征是:垂足矫正支架夹紧螺杆、弓形架、夹块、螺母、小导轨组成,弓形架是一个槽型型材弯成U型两边内侧开一V型槽口侧方钻一通孔,夹块是一个相应长的型材件,侧边开一个V型槽口与弓形架的V型槽口相对应,相应的侧边也设计一通孔与弓形架的通孔相对应。 The two-track unilateral external bone fixation device combination as claimed in claim I, characterized in that: the clamping screw pedal bracket correction, bow, clamp block, nuts, small rails composition, a bow profile groove open U-bent sides of the inner side of a V-shaped notch drilled a through-hole, a clamp block is correspondingly long profile member, open-sided V-shaped notch with a V-shaped notch corresponding to the bow, the respective side side through-hole is also designed with a through-hole corresponding to the bow.
6.根据权利要求I所述的单边双轨组合式骨外固定装置,其特征是:跖骨骨针调整机构由螺钉、压块、立柱、转动块、调节螺母、跖骨骨针拉力杆、骨针压钉、可转螺钉组成,压块 According to claim I of the unilateral-track combined external fixation device, wherein: the adjustment mechanism comprises a needle metatarsal bone screws, clamps, posts, blocks rotation of the adjusting nut, tension bars metatarsal bone pins, bone pins pressure screw, rotatable and screws, clamps
CN 201220267256 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 One-way double-track combined type external skeletal fixing device CN202801773U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103462675A (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-12-25 汤福刚 Single-side double-rail combined skeletal external fixation device
US9622805B2 (en) 2015-08-14 2017-04-18 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning and preparing guide systems and methods
US9687250B2 (en) 2015-01-07 2017-06-27 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone cutting guide systems and methods
US10335220B2 (en) 2018-03-02 2019-07-02 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning guide

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103462675A (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-12-25 汤福刚 Single-side double-rail combined skeletal external fixation device
CN103462675B (en) * 2012-06-07 2015-10-21 汤福刚 Unilateral-track combined external fixation device
US9687250B2 (en) 2015-01-07 2017-06-27 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone cutting guide systems and methods
US9936994B2 (en) 2015-07-14 2018-04-10 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning guide
US9622805B2 (en) 2015-08-14 2017-04-18 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning and preparing guide systems and methods
US10045807B2 (en) 2015-08-14 2018-08-14 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning and preparing guide systems and methods
US10335220B2 (en) 2018-03-02 2019-07-02 Treace Medical Concepts, Inc. Bone positioning guide

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