CN202792481U - Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater - Google Patents

Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202792481U
CN202792481U CN201220477779.2U CN201220477779U CN202792481U CN 202792481 U CN202792481 U CN 202792481U CN 201220477779 U CN201220477779 U CN 201220477779U CN 202792481 U CN202792481 U CN 202792481U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water tank
heat exchange
combustion chamber
water
drain pipe
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN201220477779.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建强
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WUHAN JIANJIN ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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WUHAN JIANJIN ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201220477779.2U priority Critical patent/CN202792481U/en
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Publication of CN202792481U publication Critical patent/CN202792481U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater which at least comprises a combustion chamber, a water tank body, a cold water inlet, a hot water outlet and a combustor arranged in the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber is located on the upper part inside the water tank body which is further internally provided with a high temperature calandria guide heat exchange plate group, a low temperature condensate calandria guide heat exchange plate group and a heat exchange plate smoke channel connecting tube group. The low temperature condensate calandria guide heat exchange plate group is located on the lower part inside the water tank body. The other end of the low temperature condensate calandria guide heat exchange plate group is fixed with the water tank body and communicated with the outside through a flue. The flue is internally provided with a smoke exhaust fan. The cold water inlet is located on the lower part inside the water tank body, while the hot water outlet is located on the upper part of the water tank body. According to the water heater under an equal and rated thermal load, the smoke ejecting temperature is reduced and the integral working thermal efficiency is improved greatly, and meanwhile, the temperature maintaining thermal load is further reduced, so that the use cost is lowered, and the energy consumption is saved greatly.

Description

A kind of multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of gas heater, is specially a kind of gas displacement type high-efficiency water heater, especially a kind of multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater that can improve the complete machine operating efficiency.
Background technology
Along with the development of science and technology, the day by day improvement of people's living standard, the demand of hot water in people's daily life increases greatly, and water heater, gas heater are widely used by people, and especially gas displacement type water heater is come into huge numbers of families gradually.He adopts the burning of combustion gas, water in the inner bag is carried out heat temperature raising, but because existing gas displacement type water heater inner bag heat-transfer surface is little, the high-temperature flue gas flow process that burning produces is short, the flue gas high fume temperature, forfeiture part heat can not take full advantage of, thereby causes complete machine working heat efficient low, and the temperature maintenance heat load is higher, thereby produces certain thermal waste.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater, solved the deficiency in the above-mentioned background technology, this water heater is under equal rated heat input, rated heat load, greatly reduce the flue gas exhaust gas temperature, improve complete machine working heat efficient, also reduce simultaneously the temperature maintenance heat load, therefore greatly reduced use cost, saved energy resource consumption.
Realize that the technical scheme that the utility model above-mentioned purpose adopts is:
A kind of multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater, at least comprise combustion chamber, water tank, cold water inlet, hot water outlet and the burner that is positioned at the combustion chamber, the combustion chamber is positioned at the top of water tank, also be provided with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package, cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package and heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group in the water tank, described high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package is positioned at the top of water tank, and is connected with the gas outlet of combustion chamber; Described cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and the one end is communicated with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package by heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group, the other end of cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package is fixed by flue and water tank and is led to the external world, is provided with pump drainage cigarette blower fan in the flue; Described cold water inlet is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and hot water outlet is positioned at the top of water tank.
The bottom of described water tank is provided with soil shifting opening.
Described combustion chamber is provided with air conducting cover and gas electromagnetic valve.
The outer wall of described water tank is provided with heat-insulation layer, and heat-insulation layer is provided with outer cover of water heater.
The multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater that the utility model provides has following advantage: for the energy saving policy of active response government, the demand that adapts to society and market, water heater provided by the utility model discharges the high-temperature flue gas that the combustion chamber produces from top to bottom, because the water in the water tank is when heating, hot water is positioned at the water tank upper strata, cold water is positioned at water tank lower floor, cold water inlet also is positioned at the bottom of water tank simultaneously, therefore can be fully by the cold water condensation the high-temperature flue gas process of in water tank, discharging, with the heat transferred cold water of himself, not only reduced the waste of the energy like this, can also the water of water tank bottom have been preheated simultaneously.Calculate according to international low heat value computing method, the thermal efficiency of water heater provided by the utility model is up to 120%.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of the multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Among the figure: 1-water tank, 2-combustion chamber, 3-burner, 4-air conducting cover, 5-gas electromagnetic valve, 6-hot water outlet, 7-high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package, 8-cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package, 9-heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group, the 10-flue, 11-pump drainage cigarette blower fan, 12-soil shifting opening, 13-heat-insulation layer, the 14-outer cover of water heater, the 15-cold water inlet.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done detailed specific description.
Structure such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3 of the multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater that the utility model provides comprise combustion chamber 2, water tank 1, cold water inlet 15, hot water outlet 6 and the burner 3 that is positioned at combustion chamber 2 at least.Combustion chamber 2 is positioned at the top of water tank 1, burner 3 in the combustion chamber 2 is connected with gas pipeline, 2 internal combustion generation heat heats water in the combustion chamber in combustion gas, is provided with air conducting cover 4 in the combustion chamber 2 to guarantee the supply of the required oxygen of burning, and gas electromagnetic valve 5 is installed on the gas pipeline.
Also be provided with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package 7, cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8 and heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group 9 in the water tank 1.Described high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package 7 is positioned at the top of water tank 1, and is connected with the gas outlet of combustion chamber 2, and the flue gas that burner 3 produces is entered by the gas outlet that high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package 7 is interior to be heated the water in the water tank.Cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8 is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and the one end is communicated with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package 7 by heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group 9, the flue gas that burner 3 produces is by entering in the cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8 by heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group 9 after the high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package 7, because cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 9 is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and water cold water in heating process is positioned at the bottom, therefore flue gas is interior by the cold water condensation in cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8, the other end of cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8 is fixing and lead to the external world by flue 10 and water tank 1, be provided with pump drainage cigarette blower fan 11 in the flue 10, pump drainage cigarette blower fan 11 is extracted cooled flue gas out from cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package 8.
Described cold water inlet 15 is positioned at the bottom of water tank 1, and hot water outlet 6 is positioned at the top of water tank 1.Also be provided with heat-insulation layer 13 on the outer wall of water tank 1 and be used for keeping the interior water temperature of water tank, also be provided with outer cover of water heater 14 on the heat-insulation layer 13.
Water tank 1 incrustation scale in long-term use procedure can be deposited on the bottom of water tank, so the bottom of water tank 1 is provided with soil shifting opening 12.
The operation principle of multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater provided by the utility model is as follows: water heater discharges the high-temperature flue gas that the combustion chamber produces from top to bottom, because the water in the water tank is when heating, hot water is positioned at the water tank upper strata, cold water is positioned at water tank lower floor, cold water inlet also is positioned at the bottom of water tank simultaneously, therefore can be fully by the cold water condensation the high-temperature flue gas process of in water tank, discharging, with the heat transferred cold water of himself, not only reduced the waste of the energy like this, can also the water of water tank bottom have been preheated simultaneously.Calculate according to international low heat value computing method, the thermal efficiency of water heater provided by the utility model is up to 120%.

Claims (4)

1. multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater, at least comprise combustion chamber, water tank, cold water inlet, hot water outlet and the burner that is positioned at the combustion chamber, it is characterized in that: the combustion chamber is positioned at the top of water tank, also be provided with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package, cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package and heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group in the water tank, described high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package is positioned at the top of water tank, and is connected with the gas outlet of combustion chamber; Described cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and the one end is communicated with high temperature drain pipe flow diversion plate package by heat exchanger plates exhaust gases passes tube connector group, the other end of cryogenic condensation drain pipe flow diversion plate package is fixed by flue and water tank and is led to the external world, is provided with pump drainage cigarette blower fan in the flue; Described cold water inlet is positioned at the bottom of water tank, and hot water outlet is positioned at the top of water tank.
2. multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described water tank is provided with soil shifting opening.
3. multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described combustion chamber is provided with air conducting cover and gas electromagnetic valve.
4. multilevel hierarchy heat exchange positive displacement high-efficiency water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the outer wall of described water tank is provided with heat-insulation layer, and heat-insulation layer is provided with outer cover of water heater.
CN201220477779.2U 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater Expired - Lifetime CN202792481U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220477779.2U CN202792481U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220477779.2U CN202792481U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202792481U true CN202792481U (en) 2013-03-13

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CN201220477779.2U Expired - Lifetime CN202792481U (en) 2012-09-19 2012-09-19 Multi-level layered heat exchange displacement efficient water heater

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106595050A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-04-26 武汉见金节能技术研发有限公司 Fuel gas energy-saving water boiler
CN106610129A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-03 武汉见金节能技术研发有限公司 Special heat storage gas water heater for dish washing machine
CN116592511A (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-08-15 广东欧思曼节能设备有限公司 High-efficiency gas positive-displacement water heater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106595050A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-04-26 武汉见金节能技术研发有限公司 Fuel gas energy-saving water boiler
CN106610129A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-03 武汉见金节能技术研发有限公司 Special heat storage gas water heater for dish washing machine
CN116592511A (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-08-15 广东欧思曼节能设备有限公司 High-efficiency gas positive-displacement water heater
CN116592511B (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-10-20 广东欧思曼节能设备有限公司 High-efficiency gas positive-displacement water heater

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Granted publication date: 20130313