CN202757132U - Waste heat recycling waste pyrolysis processing device - Google Patents

Waste heat recycling waste pyrolysis processing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202757132U
CN202757132U CN 201220301238 CN201220301238U CN202757132U CN 202757132 U CN202757132 U CN 202757132U CN 201220301238 CN201220301238 CN 201220301238 CN 201220301238 U CN201220301238 U CN 201220301238U CN 202757132 U CN202757132 U CN 202757132U
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China
Prior art keywords
refuse
pyrolysis
chamber
combustion furnace
domestic garbage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220301238
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张云月
杨红峰
贾福志
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ANHUI HANSHAN COUNTY TIANSHUN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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ANHUI HANSHAN COUNTY TIANSHUN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220301238 priority Critical patent/CN202757132U/en
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Publication of CN202757132U publication Critical patent/CN202757132U/en
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  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

A waste heat recycling waste pyrolysis processing device comprises a household waste dryer, a household waste pyrolysis chamber, a burner, an energy exchanger, and a tail gas treating unit. The household waste pyrolysis chamber is respectively connected with the household waste dryer and the burner. The energy exchanger is connected with the burner and exchanges the heat energy produced by the burner to the household waste pyrolysis chamber to provide energy required by household waste pyrolysis. The tail gas treating unit is connected with the energy exchanger and treats the tail gas. The waste heat recycling waste pyrolysis processing device has the advantages that waste heat is recycled, maximum reduction is achieved, environmental pollution is small, and the energy in household waste is effectively used to achieve harmless treatment. The waste heat recycling pyrolysis processing device further has the advantages of being small in investment, low in cost, small in size, capable of facilitating distributed arrangement, thorough in waste disposal, and the like.

Description

A kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of refuse disposal installation, especially relates to a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device.
Background technology
Along with the Incineration of Household Refuse development, big and medium-sized cities domestic rubbish disposal level improves rapidly, and especially the developed regions domestic garbage burning electricity generation becomes basically universal, and has effectively solved a treatment of urban garbage difficult problem.But, the waste incineration and generating electricity project investment is huge, high expensive, to house refuse quantitative requirement certain scale, generally be lower than 600 tons and just be difficult to build the domestic garbage burning electricity generation project, so that the numerous small and medium-sized cities of China, county town and small towns are difficult to enjoy the environmental benefit that domestic garbage burning electricity generation brings.
Along with the continuous quickening of urbanization process, the small and medium-sized cities Output of Domestic Waste increases year by year.China's population has 578 in the small and medium-sized cities below 500,000 at present, and the county town has 2862, produces rubbish year more than 7,500 ten thousand tons, and the rubbish above 60% is for simple stacking or do not add processing at all, and the rubbish processing to be harmless rate is less than 40%.Especially suburbs air storage or simple landfill are generally adopted in the weak under-developed area of economic strength, cause that urban fringe, suburb rubbish spread all over, the sewage crossing current, serious environment pollution, the processing problem of house refuse is very urgent, become the large problem of having to solve.
At present, the trash processing way of commonly using in the world is for burning (containing burning disposal and burning electricity generation), compost, sanitary landfills.But whether invest large, cost is high, it is exactly land occupation, there are the problems such as environmental pollution, be not fit to the small and medium-sized cities Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology fully, therefore China present stage in the urgent need to small-scale, the low cost of developing suitable small and medium-sized cities, county town and small towns domestic rubbish disposal, innoxious, decrement is thorough, invests less Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology.
Summary of the invention
The investment that exists in view of existing Consideration of MSW Incineration Technology is large, high cost, quantity of refuse is had the scale restriction, and house refuse sanitary landfills land occupation is more, minimizing is not enough, exist the aspect such as secondary environmental pollution not enough.The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of residual heat recovery that has, and realizes maximum minimizing, and environmental pollution is little, invests littlely, and cost is low, and volume is little, is convenient to the residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device of the advantages such as distributed arrangement.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, the utility model provides a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device, described residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device comprises: a life drying garbage device, described house refuse drier are used for the house refuse of concentrating is carried out dry preliminary treatment; One life refuse pyrolysis chamber, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber are to carry out pyrolysis processing through the pretreated house refuse of super-dry, and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber is connected to described house refuse drier; One combustion furnace, described combustion furnace is used for the carbon residue behind combustion refuse pyrolysis gas and the refuse pyrolysis, and described combustion chamber is connected to described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber; One energy exchanger, described energy exchanger is connected to described combustion furnace, and the thermal energy exchange that combustion furnace is produced is supplied with domestic garbage pyrolysis institute energy requirement to the domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber; One exhaust gas processing device, described exhaust gas processing device is connected to described energy exchanger, and tail gas is processed.
Described house refuse drier utilizes the direct convective drying of hot blast, and dry-heat air is provided by energy exchanger, and the waste gas that the house refuse drier produces is sent into the combustion chamber as combustion air by blower unit, and processes by high temperature.Described combustion furnace can realize that pyrolysis gas and carbon residue burn at same chamber, and combustion furnace is connected with the domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber by the second traveling-grate stoker, realizes the conveying of rubbish from the domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber to combustion furnace.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber is arranged at the below of described house refuse drier, and described combustion furnace and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber are set up in parallel; Described energy exchanger is arranged between described house refuse drier and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber and the combustion furnace.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described house refuse drier comprises that one first feeding warehouse and is arranged on the first traveling-grate stoker of described the first feeding warehouse below; Described house refuse enters the first traveling-grate stoker by described the first feeding warehouse, and house refuse is carried out energy exchange with the hot-air of reverse flow on the first traveling-grate stoker, finish drying, and the waste gas that dry run produces is introduced described combustion furnace as combustion air.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber comprises that one second feeding warehouse and is arranged at the second traveling-grate stoker of described the second feeding warehouse below, and described the second feeding warehouse is arranged at the described first chain fire-gate below.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described combustion furnace comprises that a refuse bin reaches the second traveling-grate stoker that is extended to described combustion furnace by described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber, and described refuse bin is arranged at the below of described the second traveling-grate stoker tail end.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described energy exchanger comprises a high-temperature heat exchanger and a low temperature heat exchanger, and described low temperature heat exchanger is arranged at the top of described high-temperature heat exchanger; Described high-temperature heat exchanger connects combustion furnace, and described low temperature heat exchanger is arranged between described high-temperature heat exchanger and the house refuse drier.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described high-temperature heat exchanger is heat-exchangers of the plate type, and described low temperature heat exchanger is tubing heat exchanger.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described exhaust gas processing device comprises: one first air-introduced machine, and described the first air-introduced machine is connected to described energy exchanger; One spray chamber and be arranged at a spray thrower of described spray chamber top, described spray chamber is connected to described the first air-introduced machine; One air purifying room, described air purifying room is connected to described spray chamber by a filter; Described air purifying room arranges an absorbent charcoal adsorber, and described absorbent charcoal adsorber is arranged at the below of described filter; One second air-introduced machine, described the second air-introduced machine is arranged at the below of described absorbent charcoal adsorber, and in order to treated exhaust emissions.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are: residual heat recovery, realize maximum minimizing, and environmental pollution is little, can effectively utilize in the house refuse energy to realize that domestic garbage was harmlessly treated, investment are little, cost is low, and volume is little, is convenient to the advantages such as distributed arrangement, garbage disposal be thorough.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the exhaust gas processing device of a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
In order to further specify principle of the present utility model and structure, now by reference to the accompanying drawings preferred embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated, yet described embodiment can not be used for limiting scope of patent protection of the present utility model only for furnishing an explanation and the usefulness of explaining.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 be a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device of the present utility model, described residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device comprises: a life drying garbage device 1, and described house refuse drier 1 is used for the house refuse of concentrating is carried out dry preliminary treatment; One life refuse pyrolysis chamber 2, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 are to carry out pyrolysis processing through the pretreated house refuse of super-dry, and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 is connected to described house refuse drier 1; One combustion furnace 3, described combustion furnace 3 is used for the carbon residue behind combustion refuse pyrolysis gas and the refuse pyrolysis, and described combustion chamber 3 is connected to described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2; One energy exchanger 4, described energy exchanger 4 is connected to described combustion furnace 3, and the thermal energy exchange that combustion furnace 3 is produced is supplied with domestic garbage pyrolysis institute energy requirement to domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2; One exhaust gas processing device 5, described exhaust gas processing device 5 is connected to described energy exchanger 4, and tail gas is processed.
Described house refuse drier 1 utilizes the direct convective drying of hot blast, and dry-heat air is provided by energy exchanger 4, and the waste gas that house refuse drier 1 produces is sent into combustion chamber 3 as combustion air by the blower unit (not shown), and processes by high temperature.Described combustion furnace 3 can realize that pyrolysis gas and carbon residue burn at same chamber, and combustion furnace 3 is connected with domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 by the second traveling-grate stoker 22, realizes rubbish conveying of 3 from domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 to combustion furnace.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 is arranged at the below of described house refuse drier 1, and described combustion furnace 3 is set up in parallel with described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2; Described energy exchanger 4 is arranged between described house refuse drier 1 and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 and the combustion furnace 3.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described house refuse drier 1 comprises that one first feeding warehouse 11 and is arranged on the first traveling-grate stoker 12 of described the first feeding warehouse 11 belows; Described house refuse enters the first traveling-grate stoker 12 by described the first feeding warehouse 11, house refuse is carried out energy exchange with the hot-air of reverse flow on the first traveling-grate stoker 12, finish drying, the waste gas that dry run produces is introduced described combustion furnace 3 as combustion air.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2 comprises that one second feeding warehouse 21 and is arranged at the second traveling-grate stoker 22 of described the second feeding warehouse 21 belows, and described the second feeding warehouse 21 is arranged at the below of described the first traveling-grate stoker 12.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described combustion furnace 3 comprises that a refuse bin 31 reaches the second traveling-grate stoker 22 that is extended to described combustion furnace 3 by described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber 2, and described refuse bin 31 is arranged at the below of described the second chain furnace 22 last persons end.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described energy exchanger 4 comprises a high-temperature heat exchanger 41 and a low temperature heat exchanger 42, and described low temperature heat exchanger 42 is arranged at the top of described high-temperature heat exchanger 41; Described high-temperature heat exchanger 41 connects combustion furnace 3, and described low temperature heat exchanger 42 is arranged between described high-temperature heat exchanger 41 and the house refuse drier 1.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described high-temperature heat exchanger 41 is heat-exchangers of the plate type, and described low temperature heat exchanger 42 is tubing heat exchanger.
According to above-mentioned design of the present utility model, described exhaust gas processing device 5 comprises: one first air-introduced machine 51, and described the first air-introduced machine 51 is connected to described energy exchanger 4; One spray chamber 52 and be arranged at a spray thrower 53 of described spray chamber 52 tops, described spray chamber 52 is connected to described the first air-introduced machine 51; One air purifying room 54, described air purifying room 54 is connected to described spray chamber 52 by a filter 55; Described air purifying room 54 arranges an absorbent charcoal adsorber 56, and described absorbent charcoal adsorber 56 is arranged at the below of described filter 55; One second air-introduced machine 57, described the second air-introduced machine 57 is arranged at the below of described absorbent charcoal adsorber 56, and in order to treated exhaust emissions.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are: residual heat recovery, realize maximum minimizing, and environmental pollution is little, can effectively utilize in the house refuse energy to realize that domestic garbage was harmlessly treated, investment are little, cost is low, and volume is little, is convenient to the advantages such as distributed arrangement, garbage disposal be thorough.
Foregoing only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model and the variant enumerated; be not used for limiting the utility model; every within spirit of the present utility model and principle; any modification and the improvement that need not creative thinking done all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device is characterized in that:
Described residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device comprises:
One life drying garbage device, described house refuse drier are used for the house refuse of concentrating is carried out dry preliminary treatment;
One life refuse pyrolysis chamber, described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber are to carry out pyrolysis processing through the pretreated house refuse of super-dry, and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber is connected to described house refuse drier;
One combustion furnace, described combustion furnace is used for the carbon residue behind combustion refuse pyrolysis gas and the refuse pyrolysis, and described combustion chamber is connected to described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber;
One energy exchanger, described energy exchanger is connected to described combustion furnace, and the thermal energy exchange that combustion furnace is produced is supplied with domestic garbage pyrolysis institute energy requirement to the domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber;
One exhaust gas processing device, described exhaust gas processing device is connected to described energy exchanger, and tail gas is processed.
2. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
Described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber is arranged at the below of described house refuse drier, and described combustion furnace and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber are set up in parallel;
Described energy exchanger is arranged between described house refuse drier and described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber and the combustion furnace.
3. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that:
Described house refuse drier comprises that one first feeding warehouse and is arranged on the first traveling-grate stoker of described the first feeding warehouse below;
Described house refuse enters the first traveling-grate stoker by described the first feeding warehouse, and house refuse is carried out energy exchange with the hot-air of reverse flow on the first traveling-grate stoker, finish drying, and the waste gas that dry run produces is introduced described combustion furnace as combustion air.
4. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that:
Described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber comprises that one second feeding warehouse and is arranged at the second traveling-grate stoker of described the second feeding warehouse below, and described the second feeding warehouse is arranged at the described first chain fire-gate below.
5. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that:
Described combustion furnace comprises that a refuse bin reaches the second traveling-grate stoker that is extended to described combustion furnace by described domestic garbage pyrolysis chamber, and described refuse bin is arranged at the below of described the second traveling-grate stoker tail end.
6. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
Described energy exchanger comprises a high-temperature heat exchanger and a low temperature heat exchanger, and described low temperature heat exchanger is arranged at the top of described high-temperature heat exchanger;
Described high-temperature heat exchanger connects combustion furnace, and described low temperature heat exchanger is arranged between described high-temperature heat exchanger and the house refuse drier.
7. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that:
Described high-temperature heat exchanger is heat-exchangers of the plate type, and described low temperature heat exchanger is tubing heat exchanger.
8. a kind of residual heat recovery refuse pyrolysis treatment device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
Described exhaust gas processing device comprises:
One first air-introduced machine, described the first air-introduced machine is connected to described energy exchanger;
One spray chamber and be arranged at a spray thrower of described spray chamber top, described spray chamber is connected to described the first air-introduced machine;
One air purifying room, described air purifying room is connected to described spray chamber by a filter; Described air purifying room arranges an absorbent charcoal adsorber, and described absorbent charcoal adsorber is arranged at the below of described filter; One second air-introduced machine, described the second air-introduced machine is arranged at the below of described absorbent charcoal adsorber, and in order to treated exhaust emissions.
CN 201220301238 2012-06-26 2012-06-26 Waste heat recycling waste pyrolysis processing device Expired - Fee Related CN202757132U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103604127A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-02-26 陈凤仪 Double-deck horizontal type garbage incinerator with interlayer waste heat drying
CN103672907A (en) * 2013-09-16 2014-03-26 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Garbage treatment system and method
CN106402879A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-02-15 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Comprehensive smoke purification technical method
CN107084397A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-08-22 吴明璋 A kind of garbage disposal drying garbage device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103672907A (en) * 2013-09-16 2014-03-26 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Garbage treatment system and method
CN103672907B (en) * 2013-09-16 2016-06-22 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Refuse disposal system and processing method thereof
CN103604127A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-02-26 陈凤仪 Double-deck horizontal type garbage incinerator with interlayer waste heat drying
CN103604127B (en) * 2013-12-02 2016-06-22 陈凤仪 Double-deck Horizontal band interlayer residual heat drying incinerator
CN106402879A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-02-15 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Comprehensive smoke purification technical method
CN107084397A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-08-22 吴明璋 A kind of garbage disposal drying garbage device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130227

Termination date: 20140626

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model