CN202688085U - Anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to printing and dyeing wastewater treatment - Google Patents

Anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to printing and dyeing wastewater treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202688085U
CN202688085U CN2012201310016U CN201220131001U CN202688085U CN 202688085 U CN202688085 U CN 202688085U CN 2012201310016 U CN2012201310016 U CN 2012201310016U CN 201220131001 U CN201220131001 U CN 201220131001U CN 202688085 U CN202688085 U CN 202688085U
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China
Prior art keywords
dyeing wastewater
applicable
baffled reactor
treatment
baffling
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012201310016U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨波
钟启俊
叶萌
魏爽
徐飞
付乐乐
吴亮
王凤蕊
孙健
王晓磊
周俊
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Donghua University
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Donghua University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model relates to an anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to printing and dyeing wastewater treatment. The anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to the printing and dyeing wastewater treatment is characterized by comprising a box body, wherein one side of the box body is in connection with a water inlet pipe, the other end of the box body is in connection with a sedimentation basin, the sedimentation basin is in connection with a water outlet pipe, the box body is divided into at least two baffling chambers by vertical separating boards, the baffling chambers are provided with vertical middle water blocking boards, a filling layer is arranged on the upper portion of an upper flowing area of each baffling chamber, an anaerobic granular sludge layer is arranged on the bottom of the upper flowing area of each baffling chamber, and a backflow chamber is arranged on the water-out side of the baffling chamber at the tail end. The anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to the printing and dyeing wastewater treatment has the advantages of being simple in structure, good in sludge interception performance, and high in impact load resistance capacity, and has unique superiority in dealing with printing and dyeing wastewater with big chrominance.

Description

A kind of anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater.
Background technology
Dyeing is the rich and influential family in the industrial discharge industry, and the waste water quantity of discharging is large, organic pollutant content is high, colourity is dark, pH value variation range is large, biodegradability is relatively poor, belongs to one of unmanageable trade effluent.Development along with new chemical fiber, Silk, seal printing and dyeing reason technology, the refractory organic such as dyestuff and New-type adjuvant thereof also enters in the waste water in a large number, increase very large difficulty to wastewater treatment, the removal efficient of traditional biological treatment system is obviously reduced, decolorizing effect is not good enough, easily causes the fluctuation of effluent quality.Also do not have now a kind of efficient, operational management easily biological treatment device be applied to the process field of dyeing and printing sewage.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater, its simple structure, have good sludge retention performance, higher capacity of resisting impact load, good hydraulic flow state, aspect treatment of dyeing and printing, have unique advantage.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater is provided, it is characterized in that, comprise casing, one side of casing connects water inlet pipe, the opposite side of casing connects settling tank, settling tank connects rising pipe, be divided at least two baffling chambers by vertical dividing plate in the casing, baffling is indoor to be provided with vertical middle water eliminator, top, upstream direction zone, baffling chamber is provided with packing layer, and bottom, upstream direction zone, baffling chamber is provided with the anaerobic grain sludge floor, and the water outlet side of the baffling chamber of least significant end is provided with return passage.
Preferably, the upper end connect box inwall of described middle water eliminator, the lower end connects traverse baffle.
More preferably, the angle between described traverse baffle and the middle water eliminator is 135 °.
More preferably, the bottom of described traverse baffle is positioned at the middle part in upstream direction zone, baffling chamber.
Preferably, the volume of described packing layer is 30%~60% of baffling chamber useful volume.
Preferably, the inwall of described return passage middle part is provided with the recycling effluent mouth, and the influent side outer wall of casing is provided with a backflow water-in, and the recycling effluent mouth connects the backflow water-in by pipeline.
More preferably, on the pipeline between described recycling effluent mouth and the backflow water-in impeller pump is installed.
Preferably, the sidewall upper of described baffling chamber is provided with the collecting methane mouth, is provided with mud discharging mouth in the middle of the diapire of baffling chamber.
Preferably, the described baffling chamber sidewall that is positioned at the packing layer below is provided with waste water and detects mouth.
Preferably, the bottom of described traverse baffle is near the middle part of upstream direction baffling chamber
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
(1) by the height of control baffling chamber, utilize the less area in baffling chamber with the upflow velocity of control waste water in the baffling chamber, each baffling chamber is relatively independent, and reactor has plug-flow character, and processing efficiency is high;
(2) bottom of traverse baffle so that waste water enters by baffling chamber bottom centre, is improved the homogeneity of the water inlet of baffling chamber near the middle part of upstream direction baffling chamber.
(3) by in upstream direction baffling chamber, top arranges compounded mix or elastic filler, and cotton-shaped microorganism is adhered at filler, is conducive to the fixing of microorganism that decolour, but microorganism concn in the Effective Raise system.
The inoculation granule sludge was realized the quick startup of anaerobic baffled reactor when (4) system started.
(5) return passage is set, by internal recycle improved effect system hydraulics, promotes the formation of granule sludge, the waterpower dead angle is little, and capacity utilization is high, without air-teturning mixed phenomenon, reaches simultaneously dilution and advances toxic substance, improves the anti-shock loading purpose.According to the different quality condition, be 0.5~10m/h by internal recycle control waste water at upstream direction baffling chamber upflow velocity.
(6) return passage is arranged at the centre of baffling chamber and settling tank, and the disturbance to last lattice of anaerobism flap reactor of reducing to reflux also can not increase because of backflow the surface load of settling tank.
(7) mud that settling tank can the effective separation water outlet be taken out of is set, and the system that is back to do not have, effectively guaranteed intrasystem sludge concentration;
(8) integrated design of settling tank and anaerobism flap reactor casing makes the technical process compact overall structure, saves the area, and is fit to treatment system newly-built and reconstruction.
(9) by selecting low Yang Cheng, high flow capacity internal reflux pump, can save energy consumption.
(10) the biogas mouth is set and collects the biogas bioenergy, have direct economic benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the anaerobic baffled reactor structural representation that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.Should be understood that these embodiment only to be used for explanation the present invention and be not used in and limit the scope of the invention.Should be understood that in addition those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications the present invention after the content of having read the present invention's instruction, these equivalent form of values fall within the application's appended claims limited range equally.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, for being applicable to the anaerobic baffled reactor structural representation for the treatment of of dyeing wastewater, the described anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater comprises casing 1,4 dividing plates 16 vertically evenly are installed in the described casing 1, the bottom of dividing plate 16 links to each other with casing 1, dividing plate 16 is separated into 4 baffling chambers 12 with casing 1, and quantity and the waste water quality of described baffling chamber match.Described baffling chamber 12 is interior vertically to be equipped with middle water eliminator 3, upper end connect box 1 inwall of middle water eliminator 3, the lower end connects traverse baffle 4, and the angle between traverse baffle 4 and the middle water eliminator 3 is 135 °, and the bottom of described traverse baffle 4 is positioned at the middle part in 12 upstream direction zones, baffling chamber.Be furnished with packing layer 2 between the upper end of dividing plate 16 and the middle water eliminator 3, described packing layer is selected matrix material or elastic filler combination bunchiness, be suspended on uniformly in the packing layer 2, the bottom of described baffling chamber 12 upstream direction is equipped with the anaerobic grain sludge floor, the right side of the baffling chamber 12 of described low order end is separated out a return passage 5 by dividing plate 16, a water inlet pipe 13 is installed on the left side tank wall of described casing 1, the upper end, right side of described casing 1 is connected and installed with a settling tank 8, the inside of described settling tank 8 is equipped with pipeline and is communicated with casing 1, rising pipe 15 is installed on the outer right wall, the lower end of described settling tank 8 links to each other with water inlet pipe 13 by pipeline, the inwall middle part of described return passage 5 has a recycling effluent mouth 6, have a backflow water-in 7 on the left side outer wall of described casing 1, described recycling effluent mouth 6 is connected with the backflow water-in and is connected by pipeline, on the pipeline between described recycling effluent mouth 6 and the backflow water-in 7 impeller pump 14 is installed, be provided with collecting methane mouth 11 on the upper end sidewall of described baffling chamber 12, be provided with mud discharging mouth 9 in the middle of the bottom of described baffling chamber 12, described baffling chamber 12 sidewalls that are positioned at the packing layer below are provided with waste water and detect mouth 10.Be filled with compounded mix or elastic filler in the described packing layer 2, become 135 ° angle between described traverse baffle 4 and the middle water eliminator 3.
Use said apparatus to process the high density desized wastewater of certain printing and dyeing enterprise, casing 1 useful volume is 80L, laying in 12 bottoms, baffling chamber is bright black, median size is 4mm, weight is the anaerobic grain sludge layer of 5kg, the compounded mix of in packing layer 2, packing into, the packing volume of packing into accounts for each baffling chamber 12 useful volumes 30%, and compounded mix is the cylindrical plastic particle of diameter of section 3~10mm.Adopt the Low loading start up mode, starting reactor, to keep hydraulic detention time HRT be 28h, with the organic loading in the dilution method control dyeing waste water, and increased the load that is not more than 0.5kgCOD/m3d every 7 hours, until after reaching maximum load, can reach the steady removal rate after 60 days.
High density desized wastewater water-in 13 is entered in the baffling chamber 12, and with the lower end of return passage 5 return of waste waters to baffling chamber 12, waste water enters the subsequent technique from water outlet 15 with pump, and control and adjusting operating parameter reach best effluent quality.
Table 1: use the present invention to process the main organism content balance table in waste water front and back.
??pH ??COD Cr(mg/L) ??BOD 5(mg/L) ??SS(mg/L) Colourity
Former water ??8~9 ??1000~13520 ??1500~2192 ??5000~7056 ??300~450
Water outlet ??6.5~7.3 ??3032-4503 ??534~675 ??403~498 ??44~80

Claims (9)

1. anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater, it is characterized in that, comprise casing (1), one side of casing (1) connects water inlet pipe (13), the opposite side of casing (1) connects settling tank (8), settling tank (8) connects rising pipe (15), be divided at least two baffling chambers (12) by vertical dividing plate (16) in the casing (1), be provided with vertical middle water eliminator (3) in the baffling chamber (12), top, upstream direction zone, baffling chamber (12) is provided with packing layer, bottom, upstream direction zone, baffling chamber (12) is provided with the anaerobic grain sludge floor, and the water outlet side of the baffling chamber (12) of least significant end is provided with return passage (5).
2. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, upper end connect box (1) inwall of described middle water eliminator (3), and the lower end connects traverse baffle (4).
3. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the angle between described traverse baffle (4) and the middle water eliminator (3) is 135 °.
4. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the bottom of described traverse baffle (4) is positioned at the middle part in upstream direction zone, baffling chamber (12).
5. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the volume of described packing layer is 30%~60% of baffling chamber useful volume.
6. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the inwall middle part of described return passage (5) is provided with recycling effluent mouth (6), the influent side outer wall of casing (1) is provided with a backflow water-in (7), and recycling effluent mouth (6) connects backflow water-in (7) by pipeline.
7. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, on the pipeline between described recycling effluent mouth (6) and the backflow water-in (7) impeller pump (14) is installed.
8. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the sidewall upper of described baffling chamber (12) is provided with collecting methane mouth (11), is provided with mud discharging mouth (9) in the middle of the diapire of baffling chamber (12).
9. the anaerobic baffled reactor that is applicable to treatment of dyeing wastewater as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described baffling chamber (12) sidewall that is positioned at the packing layer below is provided with waste water and detects mouthful (10).
CN2012201310016U 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Anaerobic baffled reactor applicable to printing and dyeing wastewater treatment Expired - Fee Related CN202688085U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105923766A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-09-07 符惠 Anaerobic baffling water purification apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106006957A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 王伟 Baffled hydrolysis reactor connected with sedimentation tank and application method of baffled hydrolysis reactor
CN106006961A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 赵鹏 Anaerobic baffled reactor and use method thereof
CN108033558A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-15 中冶华天包头设计研究总院有限公司 Strengthen the method for dyeing waste water hydrolysis acidification performance
CN108423818A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-21 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 A kind of anaerobic baffled reactor of processing coking wastewater

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105923766A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-09-07 符惠 Anaerobic baffling water purification apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106006957A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 王伟 Baffled hydrolysis reactor connected with sedimentation tank and application method of baffled hydrolysis reactor
CN106006961A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 赵鹏 Anaerobic baffled reactor and use method thereof
CN108033558A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-15 中冶华天包头设计研究总院有限公司 Strengthen the method for dyeing waste water hydrolysis acidification performance
CN108423818A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-21 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 A kind of anaerobic baffled reactor of processing coking wastewater

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Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20160330