CN202642144U - Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device - Google Patents

Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202642144U
CN202642144U CN 201120531556 CN201120531556U CN202642144U CN 202642144 U CN202642144 U CN 202642144U CN 201120531556 CN201120531556 CN 201120531556 CN 201120531556 U CN201120531556 U CN 201120531556U CN 202642144 U CN202642144 U CN 202642144U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
carrot
cleaning
automatic
full
grading
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201120531556
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩仲志
熊凯
李言照
耿文善
耿琪超
陈国玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Qingdao Agricultural University
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Application filed by QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD, Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical QINGDAO YOUTIAN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Priority to CN 201120531556 priority Critical patent/CN202642144U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202642144U publication Critical patent/CN202642144U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device, which comprises a frame. The front end of the frame is provided with a feeding hole; a cleaning device is arranged at the rear end of the feeding hole; the cleaning device is connected with a conveyer belt; a data analysis and acquisition monitoring device connected with a computer system is arranged above the conveyer belt; a sorting device which is connected with the data analysis and acquisition monitoring device and used for sorting carrots according to different specifications is arranged on the conveyer belt; and the sorting device is connected with an automatic packing device. The device can realize unmanned cleaning, grading and boxing in the whole process, is high in efficiency and speed, strong in analysis objectivity and comprehensive in grading, and saves a large amount of labor force. The carrot cleaning, grading and boxing device realizes cleaning and boxing of the carrots by full-automatic control, and can quickly acquire appearance images of the moving carrots; through cameras, the appearance information is extracted more objectively; identification of the appearance information and quality grading are conducted through a computer and thus are more scientific and objective; and the device applied to industrial production improves the production efficiency.

Description

A kind of Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of carrot grading plant of processing based on image, specifically, relates to a kind ofly at first automatically carrot be cleaned, and then grades the carrot cleaning, grading device of automatic boxing by the appearance images of obtaining carrot.
Background technology
The selling by grade of carrot helps to improve the market competitiveness of carrot and increases economic benefit, some carrot manufacturing and processing enterprises mainly rely on artificial naked eyes at present, do some simple classifications, yet detecting with classification, those modes increased manpower, improved productive costs, and production efficiency is low, and profit can not get significantly improving, and is not suitable for Quantity production and popularization.
Also have some the operatic circle manufacturing and processing enterprises employings according to the rugosity of carrot, method with this machinery of roller bearing of different gap replaces manually carrying out the classification of carrot, improved greatly production efficiency, liberated labour power, but these present mechanical classification equipment can only carrot rugosity carry out classification, and a lot of indexs of the sale rank of carrot can not quantize to realize such as length, blue or green head, cracking etc., also can't finish simultaneously the more accurate classification of a plurality of indexs.
Summary of the invention
Deficiency for the prior art existence, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, a kind of cleaning, Accurate Classification and vanning that can realize that the overall process prosthetic participates in is provided, efficient is high, speed is fast, the classification objectivity is strong, classification is comprehensive, saves the Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device of a large amount of hand labor power.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, comprise frame, described frame front end arranges inlet point, the rear end of inlet point arranges washing equipment, washing equipment connects transport tape, described transport tape top is provided with the data analysis acquisition monitoring device that links to each other with described computer system, described belt conveyor is provided with the sorting unit according to different size sorting carrot that links to each other with described data analysis acquisition monitoring device, and described sorting unit connects automatic packing apparatus.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described washing equipment is comprised of one-level washing equipment and secondary washing equipment, described one-level washing equipment comprises taper rotary-cleaning cylinder and is located at this taper rotary-cleaning cylinder center and the water jet standpipe of hole for water spraying is set in even tube wall, described taper rotary-cleaning cylinder inwall arranges hairbrush, is connected with electrical motor by belt conveyor; Described secondary washing equipment is the service sink corresponding with taper rotary-cleaning cylinder discharging opening.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described taper rotary-cleaning cylinder are arranged by stainless steel tube and are consisted of, and described microcephaly is connected with service sink, and major part is connected with inlet point; Angle between corrosion-resistant steel tube wall and the described water jet standpipe arranges 10 °.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described transport tape is comprised of conveyor belts and sorting conveyer, its material loading end of described conveyor belts is located in the service sink, discharging end links to each other with sorting conveyer material loading end, described conveyor belts is provided with to form each other only holds the interval parts of single carrot with the baffle plate of interval carrot, is provided with the nest groove corresponding with this interval parts at described sorting conveyer.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described baffle plate arranges two groups along the conveyor belts Width.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described data analysis acquisition monitoring device is comprised of industrial camera and image capture device.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described image capture device comprise three cameras, and described three cameras are installed in respectively top and the two side of image acquisition case.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described sorting unit forms by being located at of linking to each other with the computer system classification opening derailing switch that control nest channel opening opens and closes in the described nest groove with the corresponding collecting box of nest groove notch.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described automatic packing apparatus comprises the carrot conveyer belt that links to each other with collecting box, the mouth of described carrot conveyer belt connects the carrot accepting groove, described carrot accepting groove is provided with the rotating control assembly of its backwards rotation of control, and the position corresponding with the notch of carrot accepting groove after the described retrograde rotation arranges the collecting box of different brackets.
Above-mentioned Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, described carrot accepting groove is set to U-shaped draw-in groove, and each classification mouth arranges two groups, and described U-shaped draw-in groove can be made by the bar steel plate bending.
The advantage of the utility model Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device is: adopt cleaning apparatus to realize the cleaning of carrot, use screening installation to realize the intelligent classification of carrot, use boxing apparatus to realize automatic boxing, described Full-automatic carrot cleaning sorting boxing apparatus can be realized cleaning classification and the vanning that the overall process prosthetic participates in, efficient is high, speed is fast, the classification objectivity is strong, classification is comprehensive, saves a large amount of hand labor power.The carrot cleaning, grading boxing apparatus of the utility model type, realize carrot cleaning and vanning by full automatic control, and can extract the carrot appearance images of motion fast, pass through camera, it is more objective that appearance information extracts, by computing machine identification appearance information, quality grading, more science and objective, be applied to commercial production, improved production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that device is surveyed in the utility model type Full-automatic carrot cleaning sorting vanning;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of taper rotary-cleaning cylinder among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of automatic packing device among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments the utility model is described in further details;
The utility model can be used for cleaning, classification, vanning carrot.Formed by cleaning part, classification part and vanning part.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, a kind of Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, comprise frame 1, front end in frame 1 arranges inlet point 2, the rear end of inlet point 2 arranges washing equipment 3, washing equipment 3 is comprised of one-level washing equipment 31 and secondary washing equipment 32, one-level washing equipment 31 comprises taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311 and is located at the center of this taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311 and the water jet standpipe 312 of hole for water spraying 313 is set in even tube wall, taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311 inwalls arrange hairbrush 314, are connected with electrical motor 10 by belt conveyor 9; Taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311 is arranged by stainless steel tube and is consisted of, and its microcephaly 315 is connected with service sink 5, and major part 316 is connected with inlet point 2; Angle between corrosion-resistant steel tube wall and the water jet standpipe 312 arranges 10 °.Secondary washing equipment 32 is the service sink 5 corresponding with the discharging opening of taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311.Washing equipment 3 connects transport tape 4, transport tape 4 is comprised of conveyor belts 41 and sorting conveyer 42, retarder 16 connections that conveyor belts 41 is connected with sorting conveyer and is connected electrical motor 15 main shafts are connected with for the variable-frequency speed-regulating controller 17 of controlling electrical motor 15 frequency controls at electrical motor 15.Taper rotary-cleaning bucket 311 is designed to one large one small, belt conveyor 9 by the rubber strip formula links to each other with the roller of electrical motor 10, service sink 5 is at the right-hand member of taper rotary-cleaning bucket 311, taper rotary-cleaning bucket 311 is arranged by stainless steel tube and is consisted of a barrel wall, evenly be inserted into hairbrush 314 on the steel pipe, there is a root canal wall that the water jet standpipe 312 of hole for water spraying 313 evenly is set on bucket inside and the bucket central axis direction, the centre is passed, pour carrot 6 into by inlet point, carrot 6 slides on the slope and enters, taper rotary-cleaning bucket 311 under the drive of the roller of electrical motor 15 around middle shaft rotation, the lower water of water jet standpipe 312 sprays, under the effect of hairbrush 314 and rotation, carrot 6 obtains cleaning for the first time.The carrot 6 of having cleaned enters service sink 5 in microcephaly's 315 landings of taper rotary-cleaning bucket 311, carries out the second time and cleans.
Conveyor belts 41 its material loading ends 411 are located in the service sink 5, discharging end 412 links to each other with the material loading end 421 of sorting conveyer 42, conveyor belts 41 is provided with and forms each other the interval parts 7 of only holding single carrot 6, this interval parts 7 forms by being located at conveyor belts 41 lip-deep baffle plates 8, and baffle plate 8 is set up in parallel two groups along the Width of conveyor belts 41.Be provided with the nest groove 422 corresponding with this interval parts 7 at sorting conveyer 42.Above sorting conveyer 42, be provided with the data analysis acquisition monitoring device 11 that links to each other with computer system, data analysis acquisition monitoring device 11 is comprised of industrial camera and image capture device, clear for camera is taken pictures, in the image acquisition case, also be provided with illuminating lamp.Comprise three cameras for the comprehensive information image capture device that obtains the comprehensive outward appearance of carrot preferably adopts, three cameras are installed in respectively top and the two side of image acquisition case.Conveyor belts 41 is the double baffle plate 8 of installation straggly on common steel belt conveyor, guarantee to carry on each baffle plate 8 carrot and send sorting conveyer 42 to, and single carrot is placed on 422 li of each nest grooves of sorting conveyer 42, sorting conveyer 42 is made of double nest groove 422, each nest groove 422 below can be driven derailing switch by computer controlled classification mouth and automatically be opened, the image acquisition case is placed on the top of sorting conveyer 42, in lighting source and industrial camera are housed, the industry camera links to each other with computing machine, camera is at least one, picture by camera collection carrot 6 passes to computing machine, image through computing machine is processed and recognizer, provide the class information of carrot, open by the different classification opening derailing switch of controller control, with the carrot 6 of different brackets in different position landings; Be provided with the sorting unit 12 according to different size sorting carrot 6 that links to each other with data analysis acquisition monitoring device 9 at sorting conveyer 42, sorting unit 12 connects automatic packing apparatus 13.Sorting unit 12 forms by being located at of linking to each other with the computer system classification opening derailing switch that nest groove 422 interior control nest groove 422 openings open and close with the corresponding collecting box 121 of nest groove 422 notches, at the discharge end of sorting conveyer 42 off-grade collecting box 122 is set.Automatic packing apparatus 13 comprises the carrot conveyer belt 131 that links to each other with collecting box 121, the mouth 14 of carrot conveyer belt 131 connects carrot accepting groove 132, carrot accepting groove 132 is provided with the rotating control assembly 133 of its backwards rotation of control, and the position corresponding with the notch of carrot accepting groove 132 after the retrograde rotation arranges the collecting box 121 of different brackets.Carrot accepting groove 132 is set to U-shaped draw-in groove, and each classification mouth arranges two groups, and U-shaped draw-in groove can be made by the bar steel plate bending.Each classification mouth of boxing apparatus respectively fills 1 group, the distance of two groups of Rubber Conveyor Belt Scraps is less than the rugosity of respective level carrot 6, the major part of the corresponding carrot 6 that slides by two component level mouths is greater than the spacing of two groups of belt conveyor, therefore be stuck on the carrot conveyer belt 131, running along with carrot conveyer belt 131, corresponding carrot 6 is transported on the U-shaped draw-in groove, when card is expired carrot on the U-shaped draw-in groove, computing machine is controlled rotating control assembly 133 so that two U-shaped groove backwards rotation by controller, when the U-lag mouth down, carrot 6 landings are in the classification case, and the major part of carrot 6 divides to both sides.
Specific works process of the present utility model is: the carrot after adopting enters from inlet point 2, landing is in taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311, the lower high pressure water of spray on the water jet standpipe 312, under hairbrush 314 effects of 311 rotations of taper rotary-cleaning cylinder and metallic walls pipe, carrot 6 is cleaned, then from microcephaly's 315 landings of taper rotary-cleaning cylinder 311, fall in the water of service sink 5; Then in conveyor belts 41, carrot 6 is the double single sorting conveyer 42 that is transferred to, each nest groove 422 guarantees to have at most a carrot 6, then under the drive of electrical motor 15, carrot enters the visual field photographic images of industrial camera 5, computing machine is determined grade and the position of carrot 6 in the market according to image, corresponding carrot 6 moves to corresponding classification mouth computer-chronograph control nest groove 422 bottoms and opens, carrot falls at carrot conveyer belt 131, because a pair of belt conveyor spacing is less than the major part of carrot 6, so carrot just is stuck on the carrot conveyer belt 131, keep greatly head-up, upside down little, then carrot moves in the U-shaped groove, and each exports U-shaped groove two, after U-shaped groove is filled carrot, computer controlled is rotated round about, and two row's carrot major parts are placed in the 23 classification casees outwardly, and the carrot automatic sliding that does not satisfy class requirement is fallen etc. in the outer container 11.
The stage equipment of the present embodiment is connected with computing machine, computing machine will carry out Intelligent treatment according to the carrot image that camera obtains, provide class information, then according to grade output control step control equipment, and by step control equipment the carrot classification is exported.Described computing machine is the known common computer of using of those skilled in the art, therefore do not show in the drawings.
Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not to be to restriction of the present utility model, and the utility model also is not limited to above-mentioned giving an example; those skilled in the art; in essential scope of the present utility model, the variation of making, remodeling, interpolation or replacement all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device, comprise frame, described frame front end arranges inlet point, the rear end of inlet point arranges washing equipment, washing equipment connects transport tape, it is characterized in that: described transport tape top is provided with the data analysis acquisition monitoring device that links to each other with described computer system, and described belt conveyor is provided with the sorting unit according to different size sorting carrot that links to each other with described data analysis acquisition monitoring device, and described sorting unit connects automatic packing apparatus.
2. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described washing equipment is comprised of one-level washing equipment and secondary washing equipment, described one-level washing equipment comprises taper rotary-cleaning cylinder and is located at this taper rotary-cleaning cylinder center and the water jet standpipe of hole for water spraying is set in even tube wall, described taper rotary-cleaning cylinder inwall arranges hairbrush, is connected with electrical motor by belt conveyor; Described secondary washing equipment is the service sink corresponding with taper rotary-cleaning cylinder discharging opening.
3. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described taper rotary-cleaning cylinder is arranged by stainless steel tube and is consisted of, and described microcephaly is connected with service sink, and major part is connected with inlet point; Angle between corrosion-resistant steel tube wall and the described water jet standpipe arranges 10 °.
4. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transport tape is comprised of conveyor belts and sorting conveyer, its material loading end of described conveyor belts is located in the service sink, discharging end links to each other with sorting conveyer material loading end, described conveyor belts is provided with to form each other only holds the interval parts of single carrot with the baffle plate of interval carrot, is provided with the nest groove corresponding with this interval parts at described sorting conveyer.
5. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described baffle plate arranges two groups along the conveyor belts Width.
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing devices, it is characterized in that: described data analysis acquisition monitoring device is comprised of industrial camera and image capture device.
7. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described image capture device comprises three cameras, described three cameras are installed in respectively top and the two side of image acquisition case.
8. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described sorting unit forms by being located at of linking to each other with the computer system classification opening derailing switch that control nest channel opening opens and closes in the described nest groove with the corresponding collecting box of nest groove notch.
9. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described automatic packing apparatus comprises the carrot conveyer belt that links to each other with collecting box, the mouth of described carrot conveyer belt connects the carrot accepting groove, described carrot accepting groove is provided with the rotating control assembly of its backwards rotation of control, and the position corresponding with the notch of carrot accepting groove after the described retrograde rotation arranges the collecting box of different brackets.
10. Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described carrot accepting groove is set to U-shaped draw-in groove, and each classification mouth arranges two groups, and described U-shaped draw-in groove can be made by the bar steel plate bending.
CN 201120531556 2011-12-19 2011-12-19 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device Withdrawn - After Issue CN202642144U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120531556 CN202642144U (en) 2011-12-19 2011-12-19 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120531556 CN202642144U (en) 2011-12-19 2011-12-19 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202642144U true CN202642144U (en) 2013-01-02

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CN 201120531556 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202642144U (en) 2011-12-19 2011-12-19 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102530300A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-07-04 青岛农业大学 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device
CN103434830A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-11 华南农业大学 Multi-channel conveying device and method applied to small-sized agricultural product intelligent sorting machine
CN104056789A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method and carrot sorting apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102530300A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-07-04 青岛农业大学 Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading and packing device
CN102530300B (en) * 2011-12-19 2015-08-26 青岛农业大学 A kind of Full-automatic carrot cleaning, grading packing device
CN104056789A (en) * 2013-03-19 2014-09-24 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method and carrot sorting apparatus
CN104056789B (en) * 2013-03-19 2017-05-17 青岛农业大学 Carrot defect image quantitative detection method
CN103434830A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-11 华南农业大学 Multi-channel conveying device and method applied to small-sized agricultural product intelligent sorting machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130102

Effective date of abandoning: 20150826

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant